Newspaper Page Text
u a': S: 1. .eour 28 1844..
VOL ICfE IX. ,, .EkLe1i1 d ni u1uiou6,
-EDGEFIIELD ADVYERTISE a
W. F. DURISOE, lROPRIflTOR.
.wo Dollars and Fifty Cents, per annum,
if paid in advance-Three Dollars if not paid
before the expiration of Six Months from the
cate of Subscription-and Ponr Dollars if not
paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out
.ofthe State are required to pay in advance.
No subscription received for less than one
year, and no paper discontinued until all or
rearages are paid, except at the option of the
All subscriptions will be continued unless
otheiwise ordered before the expiration of the
Anyperson procuring five Subscribers and
becoming responsible for the same, shall re
ceive the-sixth copy gratis.
S..Advertisements conspicuously inserted at
624 cents per square, (12 lines, orless,) for the
first insertion, and 431 cents, for each continu
ance. Those published Monthly, or quarterly
will be ch'arged $1 per square for each inser
tion. Adaerisements not having-the number
ofinserticins marked on them, will be contin
ued until ordered out, and charged accord
All.Job work done for persons living at a
distance, musi be paid for at the time the work
is done; or the payment secured in the village.
-Al communications addressed to the Editor,
post paid, will be promptly and strictly attend
BY virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Fa
cias, I will proceed to sell at Edge
field Court House, on the first Monday and
Tuesday' of March next, the following
Luther Roll vs Charles Lamar; Abram
and Samuel Mathews vs the same,; arid
other Plaintiffs vs the same, seven negroes,
to-wit: John, Charles, Eliza, Mary, Judy,
Harriet and Laura.
S. F. Goode. endorsee. vs George Sad
ler,'one negro girl, Clarissa..
-Haviland, Risley & Co. vs Charles B.
Carter; oiler Plaintiffs vs the same, one
Horse, Saddle and Bridle.
'Hiram Roberts, Trustee of Mary Rob
drEs, vs'Robert McCullougir, five Negroes,
viz: Linday, Ephraim, Viney, Ritter and
H. BOULWARE, s E. D.
Feb. 17, 2 3
Y virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Fa
cias, I will proceed to sell at Edge
field-Court Houwe, on the first Monday
and- Tuesday of March next, the following
Jehu Mouchet vs Pew Nix, one negro
Girl. Harriet. -
William H. Moss vs Dendy & Key.
three Negroes, viz. Hannah, Marindla, and
Dave, levied on as the property of T. N.
J. & G. J. Sheppard vs WV iiatn !1.
Fagin: Henry Rush vs the same, one
Negor Girl, Keziah.
H. BOULWARE, . E. D
Feb.13 3t 3
SREI UFF'S SALE.
BY virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Fa
cias, I will proceed to sell at Edge
field Court House, on the first M onday and
Tuesiny in March next, the following
A. J. Rambo vs Rudolph Carter and
Elizabeth Carter, the tract of land where
-the defendant.Budolph Carte.- now lives,
containing five thousand acres more or
less, adjoining lands of John0 Wise, Meiry
Hightower and others.
*Jasper Gibbs vs the same; the above
Wade Glover vs John Scealy, the tract
of land where the defendant lived n't the
;ime of his death, on Big Horse Creek, ad
joining lands of Amony Sibley, formerly
the land of Wiley Milton a'nd others..
J.-Gibbs & Co. vs Philip Pow, the tract
of'lnd where the defendant lives, con tain
ink two hundred and seventy-two acres,
mre or less, adjoining lands of Robert
Ldfton, Reuben Landrtum and J7. Hughes,
Hiram Roberts, Trustee of Mary Rob
ertse vs Robert McCullough, the tract of
land where the-defendant lives, ;eontain-.
ing seven hundred and fifty acres, more or
less, adjoining lands of Washington Wise
.Charles A. Meigs vs Abijah Abney and
Charles Powell, the tract of land where
thredefendlant Abijah Abney lives, adjoin.
inglands of Sarah Starke and others..
-E.. B. Pressley vs W C. Clegg and
Camellh Clegg ; John S. Smyley vs W. C.
Clegg, ohe hujdred acres, more or less,
adjb'ming lano ofJ J.W. Clegg,Jose ph Still
JS. J . C.. Smyley vs James Golo
man, the tract of land. wihere. the, defend
ants now lives, adjoining lands of Rolin
Rhodies and others.
.James Dorn vs A. R. Falkuer, the tract
of~landavhere the defendant nowv lives, ad.
joining lands of John West and others-..
Alsoa tract of land called thre Red Tract.
,Drannon & Mtindy vs John C. Thomas,
tholinterest of the defendant in three hun
drei acres of land, more nr less, adjoining
Iandsmf~ ait Howard and others.
V.W 8.Austin:vs A.eE. Moore,two hun
dred and forty-four aeres of laud,.adjdin
ing lands r )~ue, Wilson Shealy
S. F. Goode, Endorsee, vs George
ier,-the tract of land where Mrs. Saral
Sadler now lives, adjoining lands of the
Estate-of Richard Dozier, deceased, anc
V. V. S.'Austin .vs.Ri T. Moore anc
William Bridges, Administrators of th<
Estate of Samuel Moore, deceased, eigh
iundred acres of land, more or less,'ad
joining lands of Jacob Long, Caleb. Inab
nit and others.
Luthcr Roll vs Charles Lamar; Abran
Mathews and Samuel M. Mathews vs the
same; N. L. Griffin vs the same. and
Lewis. Elizey, the House and Lot in the
town of hamburg, kcown as the Amnericar
Hotel, occupied at this time by Robert R
Hunter as a public tavern.
S. CHRISTIE, s.'E. D.
Feb. 10 4t -;3
-Tax Colector's Iotice.
WILL attend at the following places to
colect Taxes for the year 1843:
51orday, February 19, Pine House,
Tuesday, " 20, Ridge,
Wednesday, " 21, Norris',
Thursday, " 22, Mt. Willing,
Friday, " 23, Perry's,
Saturday, " 24, Coleman's,
Monday, " 26, Lakes. (inoros,)
Tuesday, " 27, D. Richardson's,
Wednesday, " - 2., Allen's,
Thursday, " 29, Smyly's,
Friday, March 1, Shelpard's,
Saturday, " 2, Duzntona's.
tMonday, " 4, Liberty Hill,
Tuesday. " 5, Parks', .
Wednesday, " (t, . Middleton's,
Thursday, 7, Vance's,
Friday, " 8, Cherokee Ponds,
Saturday, " 9, Beach Island,
Monday, Tuesday & Wed
nesday, of the first-week- dgefield C.,H.
Saturday, March 10, Hamburg.
B. F. GOUEDY, T. C. E. D.
Feb. 14. 3t 3
T HE FARMER'S LIFE.
I love the farmer's quiet life
His peaceful home, devoid of strife,
With gay contentment bless'd.
I love the virtues of his heart,
Which peace, and joy, and love impart
Around liis tranquil rest.
I love the bloomy hills and dales,
Their healthful winds, their odorous gales,
Untainted with disease:
I love the tales, and legends old,
By white-haired sires at twilight told,
'Mid scener of shadowy ease.
T love the labor and the toil.
Which clothe with beauty Freedom's soil,
Where tyrant never trod !
And when each task from turmoil.free,
Great God, is sanctified by thee,
And consecrates the soil.
I love the scnes of social mirth,
Which brighten around his evening h-arch,
With joy unnaix'd, replete:
Where friendship's smile. and love's sly leer,
Are <en thro' joy's transanrcnt tear,
Ad true friends onuy meet.
I lnve what e'er the season bring
'rhe flowers that bhnsh-the. birds that sing
Eve'. low (aeon breeze:
The vernal smiles-the summer's charms,
The autnun's fi-its-and winter's storms,
All charm in their degree.
From the Albany Cultivator.
Lr.TTER OF MR. ELT.swoRtTu-BoMMEIs's
WVe invite the attention of the readers of
the Cultivator to the annexed letter of the
Hon. Mr. Ellsworth, chief of the Patent
office at Washington, on the stubject of pa
tents, and the claims of Mr. Bommer in
particular. There is no subject in then
whole range of agriculture, of more inter.
est to the farmer, than that of manures;
and any improvement in its manufacture,
by which its quantity and qnality may b
increased, wrill be .received by them with
favor. That the manures made in the way
recommended by Mr. Bommer,'or accord.
ing to the patent claimed by him, are of
superior quality, no one acquainted with
that method can doubt. But if, as Mr.
Ellswvorth seems inclineil to suppose, it is
only the French method. with some un
important additions, so far as the makiog
of the manure, or its qutality is concerned,
that method* should be generally known,
that, all -may avail themselves of its advan
tages, and we thank Mr. Ellsworth foi
enabling us to give the specificationsa
place in the Cultivator. We have giver
the large pamphlet, just published by Mr.
Bommer,and containing an ample account
of his method :and its advantages, a copy
of-whieb he -has kindly placed in our
hands, an attentive* -perusal, and can
safely say there- are few, if'any, publien
tions on the subjectthere discussed, what
ever may he their pretensions, which com
bine such a mass of practical .instruction
on the preparationl and useof manure.
Of the legality of the patent under whiel
he is acting,:we do not express.an opinion
but wve knowv that the ,nethodl used by. him
and described in the pamphlet, a. copyo
which is furnished every purchaser of
right, -will.make manure in anf cjuantity
and of -theibest :quality . for almost everg
kind of :cultivated crop. Of the Frenci
method, as described itt the specifications
we arc not competent to judae. havinj
never witnessed its effectanlwe should,
however, prefer purchasing Mr. B's, book
in which the whole process is detailed.
LETTER FROM Ma. ELLSWOarn.
Patent Office, Nov. 3,,1843.
Mesars; Gaylord and .Tucker.-I no
ticed in your last number of the Cultivator,
just at hand, a particular notice of Bom
mer's process-also his advertisement an
noutneing."1ommer's manure method, se
.cured by letters patent," and referring to
I "documents'recorded in the patert office,"
to prove.his, rights. This advertisement
has greatly-increased the burthen of an
siwering requests for copies.of "Bommer's
Pareht." Whilst . have studiously avoi
ded expressing an opinion.on cases. pend
ing or decided, yet as special reference is
nnwamade to the bureau to sustain the ad
vertisement, and fearing that, the public
may be misled by my silence, I hasten to
state the facts qs they apjear of. record.
Mr. kommer, on the Ith of May, 1843,
presented an applicatioh for a patent for
making manure. This application. was
daily examined, and rejected fur-want of
novelty. No appeal was taken. The
application was withdra wn, and $20, the
usual sutn allowed on withdrawals. paid to
Mr. 3omrner on, the 6thiof July last. No
other application has been made by Mr.
Bomomer for a patent for similar .purpo
ses.* It may not. be ispproper to state
that Messrs. Baer & Qouliart, in June,
1843, obtained -a patent to an alleged im
provement on the method of making ina
nure, patented in France, by Jauffret,
which said'method, however, has not been
patented in'the United States, and is there
fore free to the public. How far the pub
lie are restricted in the use of foreign inven
tions, may be ascertained by referring to
the claim of the American patent, which,
you will perceive, is restricted:to the prepa
ration of the heap and the mode of apply
ing the lye to the same ; the ingredients
-in other words. the lye itself not being
claimed. That no injusticeamay be.done
to the parties concerned, J send Jou a copy
of the American patent, and only add
that Mr.Bommer has become an assignee
for several States, under thislast men
Yours, &c. H. L. ELLW.oRTs-.
Copy of Baer 4 Gouliart's..'atent.
To all wbotn it may concern: Be itknown.
that we, Charles Baer and John Gouliart,
of the city of Baltimore, in the State of
Maryland,have invented certain new and
useful improvements in the manner of
making manure. whirch has been for many
years practiced in France, and has been
there secured by Letters Patent under the
name of "La Methode Jauffret," and we
d hereby declare that the following is a
f I and exact description thereof.
In the method. of Mr. Jauffret4 a pit or
reservoir is prepared of sufficient size to
contain the quantity of prepared lye which
may be rcquiret! by the nature of the es
tablishtent. This reservoir or vat is .in
tended to be a receptacle of water satura
ted with decomposed animal and vegeta
tile matters. and is further to receive the
it)krodients-hereinafter named ; such water
i4 Ifb found on nearly every farm, and
it may be augmernted by the drainings of
:abks, by dish water, suds. and other sub
stances of a like nature.
AIr. Jauffret. however. finally prepares
;is ;ye, by which the fermentation of the
articles to be convurted into manure is to
ie promoted, in the following manner, un
der various modifications.
For the couversion of from one to two
tno,.aancd potnds of vegetable matter into
manure, ho takes about
200 lbs, of cight soil,
200 " calcined plaster in poirder,
50) ' wood soot,
20 " wood ashes unleachted,
60 " quick limed
I " common salt,
150 " lye or ferment drainings
from a Jauffret macnure heap.
These inigrediets are, in many cases, to
be replaced by others; this lye to be pre
pared 10 or 15 days before use. The
quantit y of materials above named, for the
conversion of from 1 to 2,000 lbs. of straw
or other dry vegetable stalks, will answer
for about double that quantity of green
vegetable mat ter.
In using this lye, the plans of Mr. lattf
fret is to steep in it the vegetable fibres,
which are to be acted upon by throwing
them into the vat or reservtoir containing it,
and removing it thence at great labor so
as to form a high hea p in the vicinity of
the vat, in which the drainings are allowed
We have thus given a brief outline of
the method of Mr. Jauffret, the same ap
pearing necessary to the understading of
our improvements, which consist in our
omitting altogether the excessive labor of
steeping the materials to be acted upon the
lye, and elevating them from thence to
the heap; and also in the preparation of
a lye, wvhich is equally eff'ective with that
of ,Jauffret, at much less cost, and whichi
can be used immediately an' its being
made, thereby saving the delay of 10 or
15 days, which "La Methode Jauffret,"
We prepare a reservotr to contain the
lye as usual, and in the imniediate vicinity
or this, we tmake our stacks -or heaps of
veget able mnatter;which is to be converted
into manure. .-i
*fr. Bommer inufcrnis'us that on finding his
own claim rejrected, he 3vaIs induedto Tiake
an arrangemnent witis Baer & 'Gonliart. by
which his claim was again presented, and thc
p atent securerd in their nameas--EnS.
We give to the ground, where the heap
or pile is to be made, an inclination to
wards the vat ; if the ground is a firm clay,
it may be merely sloped, and have shal
low trenches dug on its furface tb codduct
the drainings back into the vat ; or it may
have a floating, of timber, brick or stone,
as. may be preferred, which may be so
tretiched as to conduct the whole towards
a central drain. When our platform or
flooring is of clay, we cover the trenches
and whole surface ofit, ts ith brushwood or
rails, so as to form a temporary grating
that will support the weight of the heap,
and thus insurea drainAge, and the ad
mission of air to the heap below.
The materials to be converted into ma
nure, we pile up on this prepared platform
immediately as it is delivered by the carts,
and this we sometimes continue to do un
til the heap has attained the whole height
.to-be given to it, when, by the use of a
pump, buckets, or other suitable means, we
raise the lye from the vat and pony it on
the heap, continuing to do so until the
whole mass is saturated ; we, in general,
however, raise the heap to a height of two,
three or four feet, more or less, and then
pour on a portion of lye,.repeatin , this as
the height of the pile is increased; this
procedure obviates the necessity of lifting
the whole of the lye to the full height of
The materiils which we employ in ma
king the lye, may be limited to the follow
ing, namely; cow, horse or hog's dung, or
night soil, the urine draining from stables,
and quick lime. The idgredients used to
be intimately mixed with a sufllicient quan
tity of saturated. water.
Two of the' kipds of animal dang we
'have t'ormed to answer as well :as a larger
n'mber. A perfectly good lye will be
made by taking. one barrel each of two
species of dung. tweof the urinary drain
ings, one of quick lime, and about 50 bar
rels of saturated .vwater, whicheis..then to be
used as aboveexplained.
What we claim as our improvement on
Jauffret's method of forming manure, by
the rapid fermentation of vegetable fibres,
is, first. the forming of the said vegetable
matter-.intopjiibr heaps, without its be
ing first immersed in the prepared lye, and
the subsequently -saturating the same by
the pouring on the lye in the manner set
Th. M. Albbeti,' atented June 24, 1843.
J. R. 'ibbett.
From the Charleston Mercury.
I AGRICULTUfRAL SURVEY.
Mr. Editor-It has been stated in the
public prints, that the office of Agricultural
Surveyor of the State has been offered to
Mr. M. Tuomey, of Petersburg Va., but
the announcement of his acceptance has
not met my eye. I can say, however. that
he has accepted the honor conferred upon
him, and will be with us the first of March
at farthest, to enter immediately upon his
duties, and I hope his survey and report
will be permitted to include the scientific
geology of the State as well as an exami
nation in a purely agricultural point. of
Mr. Tunmey, with whom I am acquainted
personally as well as by correspondence,
is n gentleman, intelligent and capable in
geological examinations. He has thorrugh
ly examined the geology of the vicinity of
his place of residence, (whose geological
position is similar to that of llamburg,
Columbia and Camden in our State,) and
it is hoped that an interesting monograph
will he put forth by him on the subject. I
do not desire to raise public estimation in
ani unduec degree, a circumst ance tending
rather to thme disadvantage of those ini
whose favor such expectations have been
excited, but raither to bespeak th~e kind at
tentions. of our community towards Mr.
Tuomney, as d gentleman of modest and
unobtrusive irterit, who is coming among
us under the disadvantage of being entire
ly unkflown to almost every inhailitnt of
the State, and having but a limited per
tion of time allowed him for thie accomn
plishment of mneh labor
Although Mr. Tuomey nmay p1ossibly
feel depressed at imes by the thought that
his predecessor was such a man as Mr.
Rullin,-he is yet the very man to continue
what Mr. Ruflin has begun. Front long
intercourse as inhabitants of the same town
bie is well acquainted with Mr. Rutlin's
views and with the results of th'eir applica
tion, although in the exercise of his owvn
judgement he may sometimes differ from
him. He has in fact already lent hifaid
to the~ survey in the deteftination of the
names of fossil shells, and in other modes,
which Mr. Ruffla nas acknoledged at pages
42 and 63 of his report.
The recent survey and report of Mr. Ruf
fin has given an impulse to scientific ex
ainatiomi of soils, and to improvements
in agriculture, which will be continued by
the labors of Mr. Tuomey, and it is hoped
will not sobside antil its influence is felt in
every part of the State. Others will be in
duced to cooperate to the same end by en
tering collateral departments, as for in
stance, the chemical examination of soils,
and the insvestigation) of the habits of de
structive animal?, insects especially.- Dr.
William Home of this city has already
been examining the habits of the trouble
some cnt-worm -of out gardens, and'is al.
so about ,to analyze systematically.sohu
from various parts;o( the State.-L.-R. G.
New Method of vaising th~e wind.-h
lady in Boston has recently resorted to
very novel and ingenious species of trick
cry to ratse money. The Fost says thal
correspoltdevebo alpelsa&M S~i r.
-WAHsINGTot ,re.44 '
In the Senate, Mr. Choate-ps bted
sundry memorials sgaint Su odn ils..
He also presented a memorialffm '*t
officers and -crew of "ie U :8. ;ifi er
Missouri, asking compensatipn' for
sustained by the burning ofsaidvesel'e
After the disposalofsomepfiva Td
ruse, Mr. "Allen called iup the bill ii 0oep'1
Gederal 'Jackson's f'ne."x'
Messrs. Woodbridge and
some brief remarks, after i
was read a'third time, and fidali i =
in the same shape it came froibe Huile 3
No reference is made to lang"Hall A
message was immediatly despatched t&
the House, where. the'news was received
with unbounded applause. Th dvote was
30 to 16. The pasgage of this billHi b6
a beautiful greed garlt &di reathe a.
found the tomb ofthe old General'.
It appears to be 'generally understood
that Mr.. Giliner has been prevailed upon
to accept the Navy*Department.' Ti'so
Mr. Wilkins will: take the War Depart-1
mcnt. The President sent in their nomi
nations Ibis afternoon, a few minutes aftrer
the Senate adjoerned. o 'h
In the louse,; tihreporfthe Elctiin
Committee was again.taken up.
Mr. Elmer, Chairduiaf the aommit
tee. occupied the first lhoib iofoaigto -
defence of the report of'te'he s, the
author. When he concludedabout six
members sprang upon theirfeei ;niios
to'get the floor. It was give'to' Vet
lr, who moved the previoaqgUiieetf -
was of course seconded.
The House then proceeded to yo
substitute offered. by .Mr Dromger l
lieu of the resolutions rigtnal rep
'iTe resolutions were amended by the a
duption of this substitute. The qesitio.
then recurred on'the adoption of the rasso
utions as amended.
A division being demanded, the did
was first taken on the first branch, whicli?
declares that all the members. of the Dt
tricted States, (Maryland,.add two oaies
ted cases from Virginia'ex'cepied) areien='si
titled to their seats. p S " "
The vote was tiked, however;:a'd is
portion of the substitute carried.
The remaining resolutions declarea the
members from the everal. non- distritet
States to be duly entitled to their seafi .,
After a voting of three bour, eig zr so
istriad-wmeber were 4iciar'a o1 ale z
bes duly elected- ...
When this was closed, each non distric
d member received the whole vote of th
Last evening there was a great Demq
rahic meeting at the Apollo Hall. S'ee
ral nqpt distinguished' members of'Con
gress were present. It was inteded-.asl
set off to a similar meeting on the partf -
In the Senate, resolntions'were present
ed from the Indiana Legislature in ravu'r
of a National Armory and other.matters.
The bill appropriating $40,000Tfor im
proving Pennsylvania Avenue, was, 1iiffi
debate, ordered to be engrosst
TJe remainder of the day was occupied
in Executive Session.
The nomination of Mr. Gilmer to ther
Navy Department. and that of Mr. Wil
kins to the War Department were cob
In the 1louse the speaker presented it
letter from Mr. Wise, in which he notifies
the House that he has sent his resiguatidn
as a member thereof; to the (ovoernor o"
Virginia. He retutas his thanks rihe'
courtesy he has always received, mdd'wish
s members all kind'of prosperity.:E
The House theft resumedthe voting'Wu
tlee non-districted members. lt *ace,6i
intgd until they were all declarsdtahhv'
been duly elected. ' ' - . '
'Mr. Dromgodle desired ter niete iffd
diional resolutioiR to the efeet that the
gecond section of the Apportionment 'Act
does not at all effect the validity ofrdneir
election. Objection being made Ilfdiboed
a snspension of the rules, but n ithdtt ,ec
.Mr. A. V. &rowa itered to distharge
the Comwmittde of the Whiole, fldm the '
consideration of his bill, providing. fpr -the
repeal of the secrond section of the Appor
tionment Act. He did not suceeed, tTWo:
thirds not voting to suspil tbE tdes-g
On motion of Mr. Levyfresolun6
was adepted calling on-thes Pesdentestee
infornatton relative' to a denahd ijpoid
Great Uritain for-.eritain etiminals - 'l.
have es~aped from Floridea to th'e Weiif
A great nurrber of repiorts werd thems
uade "from Committees. Amonf 'them
was a-report from the Coitnfhitteo'on Fo
reigp Affairs relative, to ti redu'ction of the
salaries of Foreign Missions." A .bill'enm
repoted from the Corn ittde oit CoUin.
merce 'making appropriations ror eerrhli"
barurs and rnvers. A bill.~waired
from the' Committe on daPulie~sa
authorizing actual sptliers on the .publicf
lands to enter an" additids91unr rse
tion ; also~'a bill establishing'a perrnhaef
and prospedtise presiptioni systemi~Ar
reporr *asimadelby -Mr. Instersollfu'
*the Committee on Foreign Affairs,. jelgA
tive to' a 'redneti6n of the' lhdiries- ef-'tit.
Fousigfinisters. Astnearl~ sri jjk'W
br, no aoubt, hopes-one da foi eti
'list.I hink a 'reduction'ofljaf ilJiif ' N
sional Tempei-ance Mestig Idiea~Il
Inathe Senate, a memorial was presstits
ad by Mr Wright from the Chnrnbed o
she called at the houses of adifferent. cler
gymen and asked the favor, of their per
forming funeral services for. her child just
dead, and a present of five" dollars to ena
ble her to make the necessary preparations
for the melancholy ceremonies, she having
been reduced to distressing poverty by the
long sickness of her 'lost one.' These pro
positions being assented to, a false direc
tion would be left, and the lady depart.
Her trick was finally discovered by'"two
gentlemen in black" meeting -.each .other'
in an obscure part of the city,-botilin
search of the lady's abode. A mutual ex
planation very suddenly relievedthe wor
thy pastors of their sympathy.
Carrying Concealed Weapons.-We
have omitted to mention that his Honor
Judge Tracey, at the late term of the Su
perior Court, sentenced to the Penitentia
ry, George R. Thompson and Robt. Pres
ton, the first for 8 and the latter for 5 years.
The offences for which the prisoners were
tried and conficted, were Assault and Bat
tery. with intent to Murder.
Our object in now adverting to the cir
cumsrance is, to express-the gratification
with which the remarks of the judge ac
companying the sentence upon these un
fortunate individuals; were received by
the large assembly present. The strictures
of the Judge, upon the baneful and unman
ly habit of carrying concealed deadly wea
pons, were exceedingly pertinent, and fe
licitously expressed. He stigmetized the
habit as a cowardly and detestable one.
He renarked, that no honest, sober, brave
man had any need orsuch weapons in any
community, however barbarous and un
civilized, much less here.- where he lives
under the egis of the laws. The frequent
occurrence of these crimes at the South,
so much more common at the South than
at the North, was attributable measurably
to the sickly sympathies of Juries. and the
want of firmness in the Courts. The state
of society was depicted as most wretched
and unsafe, when young men were in the
daily habit of arming themselves with as
much non chalance as they would put on
an article of dress; every morning, whe .o
they don their clothes, of buckling on a
dirk knife; thus weakening that natural
horrer of shedding blood, which proves the
surest guaranty of mutual safety; familiar
izing the weak but itnpetous young man
with blood, creating in him -a mortid ap
petite, preparing him to cut thzthroatof .
his friend, on every little freak of temper,
and polluting his conscience, and subject
ing it to the annoyance of the worn"that
never dies, the fire that is never quenched.
Judge Tracy has no sympathy for the
carriers of dirk knives and pistols-they
must expect no forbearance at his hands.
He looks upon them as nuisances to soci
ety. as~mad dogs, who should be got rid of,
or shut up.
We repeat, that his remarks were to the
point, and met with the concurrence and
commendation of the large assembly pre
sent. We exceedingly regret, that- they
were delivered extemporaneously; they
should have been written out, and publish
ed for the benefit of this, and every other
community, where this pernicious habit of
carrying. concealed weapons prevails.
NEw ORLEANs, Feb. 12.
Destructive Confagration.-Great loss
of Cotton.-Estimated loss $375,000.
Yesterday afternoon, about four o'clock,
two of the hands employed in the Orleans
Cotton Press, discovered a fire in the room
in t e second story of the centre front buil
ding used as the "loose cotton room."
One of them attempted to extitnguish it by
threshing it with a stick, while the other
ran for a bucket ef water, but tiTe fire ma
king such quick progress, he was compel
led to aba~don the room. The flames in
a few minutes ascended to the cupalo and
extenided tinder the roof to the adijining
rooms. where a large number of bales of
cotton were stowed which were almost en
tirely ignmited. . In consequene of the im
mense heat of such a mnss of cornbustible
matter,and the length of time whieb elaps
ed before tlie engines could possibly reach
there. the fire commteticated through the
walls to the upper centrawing, and exten
ded on the front as far as the walf which
divrides the front from the side buil'ding.
Through the exertions of the fire dlepart
ment the fire wvas confined to these limits,
although the heat was at times so intense,
as to almosbpreclude the using of the pipes
witbin a serviceable dismince. The num
ber ef bales of cotton consumed is'estimah
ed at 8,5(i), viz. 4,5-50 in the wing, 1,300
in the mainabuildinmg,and 2,800 in the front.
The loss af~ which estimated, at $40 per
'bale, would be 8340,000. Tfle damage
done to the building could possibly here
paired for $25,000, and the engine and Lwo
strewsi for $1,000 mnore, makitig the total
loss, as far de could h'j estimated by a rough
calculation 8375,000, which we understand
is fully covered by insuranice ; the cotton
in this city, and the building in the offices
in this city, in London and Paris. This
building was considered the largest inthe
world. It fronts up'on the Missiusippi and
on Roffigniae and New Levee streets, and
is 652 feet in front, hy-808 in breadth.. It
was built by an incorporated company at
a cost of8753,000;and is capable of storing
thirty' thousand bales- jf- cotton, which'
amont, wve. understandl, was yesterdaj
morning u'der its reof." t-has 'been (gr
some years leased to'Mbse'Freelandatdd
Behan, ati the trate of 251000-per'antum.
One of the engines and two of the s'erdws
are uninjured, and can be immediately
ptf in fon a ive pan.nin-rae.