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high .mo hbIlows, as ii bore ,te.su
perip n of ii Godhead? 2il'fg
aiuabbndt 'What htave you-done iythat
eye, with which he was wom to' l 'erec
objiav'len iand se inhis tit rroihii
ae of his God what Egyptais .ru
haveyou poured into his veins, ataiyuned
the ambling fountains of the heat into
b1sckt and Gurni tch: Gime .bck
usban Undo yourbasilisk spells,
an gie ae back the man that stood with
Coarespoadenc of C$rlelonPatric
Wass ueToa,-March 21. :
in the Senate about a dozen memorials
were presented. hMr. Bucbau:fr n
'Pennsylvanie, protesting against any
change ia the preseOt Tariff Act.
li eaiso presente4 snemorials from col='
oi'red ople o f, yIaga8a; protesting
aggnst slavry.. These were disposed of
in the uisuaTiumtnary ay.
Mr. Evans gave noticeathat .inasmuch
as Mr Benton is now able to attend, he
tij o,Monday move to take up the reso
oniof the FinanceCompttee, recom
meding the indefiite ipostponement of
Mr.Evaos also gave notice that he :will
0n londay up his resolution, fixing
the 20th of or the closing of the pre
After the disposal of local matters, the
Senate resumed" i$ onsideration :of the
resolution of Mr. .~eniple, requesting the
President to give- ears' notice for the
abrogation of that articl&if .the treaty. of
1818, which relates to thegoint occupation
Mr. Sevier made some brief remarks,
after which, the. question was taken. on
the resolution, and. it was rejected. -Yeas
18-Nays 28. .The negative vote was
much stronger than was anticipated.
In the House, a nemorial was presented
from the Colinization Society f this Dis
trict, praying the adoption otineosures for
the security, enlargement an4 permanent
prosperity of Liberia, as. a free. indepen
dent and Christian State.. It.was:refecred
to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
On motion of Mr. Hubbard, a resolution
was adopted, requiring the Secretary of
the Treasury to report-the average rates of
foreign and domestic-exchanges, annually,
from 1816 to 1844 ;:also, the number and
capital of the'existing State Banks, and
the extent .gtheir circulation.
On moson of Mr. Smith a resolution
was.;oied instructing the Judiciary
Commitee to consider the expediency of
amending the present law, so that the U.
S.!Courts shall. not take jurisdiction in
cases between a ;itizen of the State-where
the suit is brought, and a citzen of anidther
State, in a less sum than $2,000, exclusive
IisfrHoustiu presentedresolmtions from
the Iegislatureof Alabama, in favor of a
reduction of the rate of postage.
Miaer thsydisposal of some unimportant
tatiersi;the House resumed the considera
tion.of-the iresolution from the Select
Comnttee on the Rhmde Island Memorial
asking power to send for persons and pa
:The pending question was on the mo
tio of Mr. Causit to discharge the Com
mittee trom further consideration .of the
subject: -This was-rejected. Yeas-70
' r. Elamemoved to lay the whole sub
on the- table. This also failed, yeas
.Go iresolution~ of the Committee was
then adopted.:.yeas 78, nays 71
Mr. Harden moved.:a reeonsideration of
thevots, and on thaitsoton made.a laugh.
-able political speech. against. Mr. Van
a'lIr. Burke moved toylay the motion to
--r econsider onithbe table-g -,
- fSler a call -of slieyHouse, this mnotion
-prevailed. ..S6 the -'rsiliution remains in
fullforce, and tho~eloct Commi - tee hav'e
-power to send to. Rhode..Island for any
nttmber of witnesses they. >muay deem
-proper., It is supposed.lhatiDorr will -be
Th ematnder of the day was devoted
to..th consideration in Cornmstee, of the
Sedater bill to-rremount the second regi'
melit of dragoons. --
' ti se Sentiae to-day thfere -were, as
dnaiLnumerous mdemiorils pros esting
~gais anytraiinsoi the tariff act,
wich, it is nidfiredicted. will pass the
yM Haywiood. in3rs1-suatnce et' notice,
btreddeed a score of tiills-lor reducing the
* , salarister Govegrnterut officers.
T'i'bcHouse lbill mnaking appropriationm
* - for pensions ivts againlaken uand after
~iprovsso 'that riofarmy or siavy officer
shall.. e e~apendionwhile receiving
~~ droviding for al
~eiithi~'ptsent trales of -postage,
wal led op a debated till the adjourn
&wst Iouse, ariineffectual motion wat
Mr~j~ f&Davis, of 1ientucky, lo sus
Ne4Io rules, for the purpoise of introdu
enen egaddttaonal standing rule, miaking
is 4kg-duty f the clerk to call the roll on the
maeinig of the iouse every morning, and
iorecard she naso'dthe absentees. Could
tisirrle e aido'ptiidithe flear of exposure
woutlsecurea goodistaue:uance of mem
hers As it-is. there iseldom a quorum
-for ~avg hour together.,
*Sono days-ago aSelect Comnmittee vat
atdto. consider 'thed ,2ioitions of
z~~~elature of Virgita tiongijdel
~uiigthose resolptions of the Nassa
tLegislature, lwebc proposesiui
mynifthe Contiin as -il1
ao .resouilas ifler
* - -some- rioe a k hieftealided
Ithept~een~b. peentation t
tbrteult of a co3 5 ved the
4 ~Adnin4ldhred t ecb~
eko*led fo--r. LPio ihdra. shi
masamli. tihont success.
b'The_ call for-the *revioliyjest
tbcenseconded,"and the'misrqtam ofsby
6bre ofUS to 57, orderedApntf
Mr. Parinteoer said isi a subject
f too muchttiitalce bto ile 'cted onso
tastily. With a-viewtherefore of afibrd;
ing time for consideration, he .oved to
lay the holesabject atb lble_
;M romgoole afteturfm tI uarks'ott
tihe'cinduct of gentlehien o ished to
avoi~ca direct vote, defianded. the'ens
and nave. They were ordered, and were
yeas 19, nays 132. So the motion to lay
onathe table Tailed.
The question was tihen.put on thi first'
resolution of the Commitiee. It sets forth
that the present basis of representation was
tlieiesult of a compromise, which ought
fo 'heldsacred by the whole Union..: It
was adopted, yeas128,-nays18.
. The second resolution declares that-no
alteration in the, Constitution..so as to
change the: present basisof representation.
ought to-be recommended by Congress, &
.:that every proposition to: that effect ought
to. be promptly and decidedly, condemned.
This.was also adopted, yeas 127, nays 41.
It.will be seen that about fifty members
were either absent or refused to vote.
The remainder of the day was devoted
to private business.
The Senate did not sit to-day, -for the.
purpose, I presume,-of giving gentlemen
an-, opportunity of preparing . their long
speeches on the important questions which
are to be discussed next 'week. -
In the House, a message was received
from the President, transmitting- a copy-of
the Conventionconcluded between this
country-and Peru. He, says. "the.Com
munication of the:Treaty is--made,.to the
end that measurestmay be-adopted togive
effect to the let article thereof, which pr.
vides for the distribution.among the claim
ants or $300,000, thereby stipulated to be
Mr. McKay,.from the Committee on
Ways and Means, to whom had.been-re
ferred a.resolution directing ihem --
'quire into the expediency of reporting a
bill, authorizing a gold coinage of one dol
lar, niade ..a . report.. The. report argues
that the coinage of so small a gold piece
is inexpedient: Embodied in the. report is
a letter from- the Director of the Mint, at
Philadelphia. He. says. one of the most
obvious objections, is that. the-size of the
gold dollar is: too diminutive,.gold being
more valuable than.silver. in the propor
tion of 27 to - 16, the volumes of corres
ponding values of these metals will be as
one to twenty seven. Hence the dollar
of gold will he but 1-27 of the size of the
dollar of silver, or will be nearly one third
less than the halfdimes, the smallest piece
of .our prhent coinage. Such .a coin
wou!d be very liablesto be lost, and hav
ing a greater surface than any other in pro
portion to its value, would he more re
duced by wear, which is a cause of great
waste in all metalic circulation, and par
ticularly in so precious metal as gold."
The Senate bill ameada'ory of the Act
establishing Branch Mints, was taken up
and passed. It relates merely to the
swearing in of certain officers.
Numerous reports were made from Com
mittees, but they were -rostly of a private
On motion of Mr. Parmenter, a resolu
tion was adopted, calling on the .WarDe
partment for a statement of all experiments
made with cast and wrought iron cannon.
In answer to a question, Mr. P. stated
that the Comtnittee on Naval Affairs, bad
been promised a statement; of the causes
which led to the burning of the Steamer
Missouri, so soon as the officers comnmaa
ded shall arrive. -- .,
The remainder of the day was.devoted
to private hillg.---. M ch.
--In the. Senate, . a great number of me
morials proiesting against any change in
thie Tariff' Act, were presented from New
York, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts.
- 'Mr. Evans called up his joint resolution,
fixing a day for the adjournment of Con.
gress. Arfter discussion, the resolution
was amended by inserting " May 27th,"
and in this shape adopted and sent to 'the
The next business tras a resolution of
fered last week, proposing the appoint.
meat of an additional Standing Commit
tee, to be called the Committee on Terri
tories."' Some discussion took place, which
terminated in the adoption of the resolu
After the transaction of a great mass of
.private business, Mr.l Evans call'ed up the
resolution of thie Finance Comnmittee pro
-posing the-indefinite postponement of Mr.
MlcDuflie's-Tariff Bill, on the ground that
such a measure cannot originate fn the
Mr. Ben ion..having the Afoor, gave his
views until his strength failed-. As a mat
ter of courtesy The subject was then lsid
aside till to-morrouw, wvhen Mr. B. will
~conclude his remarks.
The remainder of the (lay was devoted
to -the consideration of the hill to settle
'land claims in Louisiana, Arkansas and
Ia the House, resolutions were declared
in order, whereon Mr. Hughes immediate
ly broke groundon the Oregon Question,
by olering a resolution, setting forth-thrat
our title to ghe whole of that Territory. is
clear and indisputable; also, that it is the
duty of Government to :take immediate
possession of the'same. -
Mr. Black-hoped the gentleman iwould
accept as- a modiicatton, the following-,
-" that the re- annexation of Texas is expe
dient, as soon as it can be accomp~lished
upon just and legitimate principles."
Mr. Hughes acciepted this~modificatiou.
After -some wrangling on poiets of order,
amotion was madeto lay the wholef aib
et 'on the tables -The moiion prevailed.
esiu:1O6.-Nays 666 Many desired a di
isionof the question, but the::Housocre
fused .to order it. - -
CMr. Geddings' offered a resolutiaon-set
tingfhiih that the Statea-I~gislature have
as muchbightet propose amenmdmentssto
the teit ogitffo the basist of
reretitiis : :ehae togpopose any
other atmeun ai.ib res'itto, .was
2MP lSanera o ~j rsbioa':wbicih
lies..over,-ddeclnti Y~ iia~ dienr.
to fix a day for closing thpse*eswi
until the Texas Queton, tbejI r~ illr
anid Retrenchment BillsihaUlmaie been
Mr. ined -f ofered a resol-.
.tocallig upon4te House to approve and
adoptthe langua of General Jacksonyin.
letter in 1824, to Mr Coleman, of
Warrigto Ni:'C. iwhere pie is represenj;
ed as saying thalead iron copper hemp:
atufwool oughtto'have .a protective duty
aidupon ;them, also. tat there-ought to
de a protetive tfrili'rinedefence offi'e
country against.European pauperism.
Mr. Brown, of Indiana, amidst shouts
'u laughter, -moved to amend iberesolu
tion-by substituting the followint : "That
this House approve of the. sentiments oft
Henry Clay, in his speech at the extra
Session of Congress, 1841, as follows:
"Carry on the prisdipilesof the Com-7
promise Act, look to revenue alonefor the
support of Government, do not raise the
question of-profeetion, which I -hoped had
been put to rest. There is no necessity fat
On the reading of this amendment by the
Clerk,the noise and laughter were so great,
that;; it was some minutes before order
could be restored. .
.Mr.. Morris called- upon Mr. Brown to
say whether the language attributed to
Mr. Clay was a true copy or not. -No-an
ewer was given, but a renewed peal of
laughter, and calls for the question..
-The amendment was-finally rejected
yeas 82-nays 84.
- Mr. Holmes, who voted in the affirma
live, afterwards rose and said, he wished
it to be understood that if the extract in
the amendment was not, as was hinted,
correct, he desired his vote to he consider
ed as withdrawn. He would never wil
lingly take any unfair. advantage of a -pp
.Thequestion then~recurring on the reso
lution of Mr. -Kennedy, an ineffectual-mo
Lion was made to lay it on the table. -'
A motion to adjourn. was then made,
and carried amidst the greatest uproar.
. In the Senate-the-Chair presented the
proceedings -of the Florida Legislature,
asking a division of the Territory into two
Numerous memorials in.- favor of the
present tarif'act, were-presented, from N. E
York,. Pennsylvania anti. -Massachusetts.
Mr.; Bates presented resolutions of a
large meeting -held at Northampton. Mass..
without distinction of party, declaring that
there is Do power given by the Constitu
tion for the annexation of any foreign ter
Mr. Buchanan presented a memorial in
favor of the annexation of Texas, on the
ground that it would increase our home
market.- lie said he had other memori
als in his possession, against the annexa
tion, but inasmuch as there is no proposi
lion of that. character before the Senate,
he doubted the propriety of presenting
them. He thought the proper- course
would be to send them to the Executive.
Mr. Bates, from the Pension Committee,
reported a bill extending for 4 years the
act granting pensions to the widows of cer
tain officers. -
After the disposal of a mass of private
business..the Senate resumed the conside
lion of-htbe-tarif' resolution from the F
nance Committee; -
Mr. Benton having the floor, resumed
and concluded his remarks from yester
day. The subject was thee laid aside,
and the -remainder of the day:devoted to
the consideration of the bill providing for
the settlement of certain land claims in
the Western States. -
In the House, the first business was n
motion of Mt. Hamlin. to reconsider the
vote -by whichb'tbe following amendment
orered by Mr. -Browvn of Indiana, had
"T'hat this House approve of the senti
ments of Hetnry Clay, expressed in his
speech at the extra session of Congress,
1841, as follows : 'Carry out the princi
ples of the Compromise Act-lank to
revenue alone for the support ojf Govern
meut. Do not raise the question of pro
tectiort. which I hoped hiad been put-to.
rest. There is no necessity for protec
Mr. Weller was desirous of a postpone
ment of the subject, until tihe next resolo
tion day, for the reason that some gentle.
men appeared to doubt the correctness nf
the extract. There wouild then be an op.
portunity of ascertaining the facts of the
-Mr. Holmes was averse to the postpone
.ment, because if the extract were not gr
reet, injustice would-he don'e to Mr. Clay,
at least until the subject'should be again
called up. He wans-for justice whether to
friend or foe.
A fter a tedious disciussion of somie hours
on points of orderra'-iotln was made to
lay the motinat to reconsider 'on the table.
[z failei. yeas 22."nays 113., The vote
by which the. amnendmbt, had ben re
jected was then reconsidered.
- The ruleArerei-hen suspended to allow
Mr. Brown to make a statemnent. -It was.
in substance as follows. He said ths ex
tract inserted in his amendment, was cop
-ied verbatim from the "Ohio Statesmati,"
a paper of great respectabuility He be
- lieved it to be correct, and acting upon
that belief, he- had drawn-up the amend
meat. It was done in good faith, for he
was the last man who avould willingly
misrepresent Mr. Clay or impose on the
Hottse. He would say, however, that he
had examined -the speeciies~of Mr. Clay,
he was unable to. -find the -statements in
theetract. He had written to the lEdi
itorof the "Statesman," to point nut the
particular speech fromay~liich the extract
was mnade, and he- wouldiaay, that wihen
the answer came, if it should, appear that
injustice, has been done,be would frankly
state the facI.--...A.-present, however, he
took hack nothing.- -
Mrt White4 of Ky., disclaimed- at tribu
ting to Mr. Brown any attempt to impose
upow the House,. but .declared, on his
honor as a gentleuian tbat Mr. Clay du
ring the whole course of his public life had
never uttered the sentiments attributed to
him. He pronounced the: extract in the
'9Statesmati" as-a forgery. Mr. W. then
read several extracts- from-the speeches of
-Mr.iClijst the, extra -session, directly in
the truth of the extract iembadied in the
:ittnendment. -The whole subject -was then
id over till next Monday week.
&The Sentae- Bill io emoant the 2d- Re
nient of -Dragoons, iwasconsidered - in
Comn ittee, reported -to the -House, apd
fitille nssed: by a vote of 94 t'o 56.
A'' ilu' ena tli tr8; WaZ ,X;;i5.uS11F
lcsesiOf-emgril1f fro lthei orth an
Eiast againstianyie e tif.
e:sCommifteeg o Affairs-made
ia dVerse repor on he'iietmstiel f offi
iers of hle Esplaying - Expedition, asking
for extra pay.
The West Poiht it' Fo-tji?'ation bill
rrom the House, were reported from the
Finance Committee without amendmerit.
After -the .disposal of- private and locaI
usiness, the consideration of the tariff
esolution was resumed.. -
Mr. Simmons having :the fioor,,spoke
Antil the adjournment in reply to Mr. Ben-'
on, and:in favor ofthe present tariff.'.
In the House, a'resolutionwas;:adopted
-equiring the Secre'ary-of War to report
a-cop.y ofan.-order sent by-the Adjutant
General to Lieutenant Bragg .of the U. S.
rrmy, requiring him; to return -forthwith
o his post, while-Bragg. was in t i-icity
n an unexpired leave .of; absence.; also,'
o report on what supposition the. orde
vas. predicated.. Also, to - itnforinthe
louse whether Bragg has been arrested.
ind if so, upon what charge;-andwhether
he proceedings against him were '.ot in?
luced by the fears and suspicions of Ma
or General, Commander-in=Chief, of in-'
ormation.said Bragg wasmaupposed to be
niparting to Committees 'or members of
he.House. Likewise, that he inform the
-louse whether spid Bragg. was arrested
nr remaining at Washington, after the
kdjutant General had been informed by
be Chairman of the Committee-that such
vas the case.
Mr. Schenck - made an appeal to the
louse to take up the joint resolution from
he Serate, providing for a termination of
he present session. on the .27th of May.
)pposition being made in various quar
ers, Mr. S. moved. a suspension of the
tules. He thought it high time the real
entttnents of the members were known.
Mr. Black, of Ga., desired to know if
he resolution provided for an extra sea
ion. He was answered in.the negotive.
After .-further conversation, the motion
o suspend was negatived, yeas 88, nays
I, not two thirds. From this vote, it is
vident members, will be in no hurry to
A number of.bills, relating to the affairs
f this District were'reported. Among
hem were two bills providing for the in
orporation of the Odd Fellows Lodge,
nd the Masonic Lodge of this District.
A discussion of rather a humorous char
eier arose relative to the merits of Free
Masonry, &c. It terminated by the prev
lenco of a motion laying both bills on the
able. There were but 2 negative votes.
)ne member observed that if the friends
f the bills would aver that the Mason s did
mot murder Morgan, he would support it.
After the reception of numerous private
eports, the House went into Committee
end took up the Army Appropropriation,
Mr. Brinkerhoff renewed the amend
nent, debated when the West Point bill
vas under, consideration, viz: to disband
he sup. rnutnery oflicers of the Army, af
er the 30th of June.
On this proposition a long and spirited
Messrs. Brinkerhoff, Hale, Black, and
thers argued that the hundreds of lieuten
ints are a.constant drain upon the Treas
try, without any advantage whatever,
mud tbat they ought to be disbanded with.
On the other side, it was contended,
hat it would be as great act of folly to
lischarge these oflic'ers now, as it would
me to discha--ge the crew of a ship in a
aim, because there wvas no immediate
teed or their services.
Witout taking the question, at n a
tour, the Committee rose and the House
MI80 E L L4EOUS.
U. S. Seimr MAcCDONIAN.
Cape Palmas, West Africa.
. . -- .December 21st, 1843.
Sir:--I hlave the honor to transmit here
with various papers numbered from 1 to
5 inclusive, giving detailed accounts of
the proceedings of the Squadron under
my command, in relation to the arrange
ment of the difficulties which have so long
sxisted .with many or the native tribes
inhabiting that part of the Coast or A frica,
lying between Cape Mesurado and Cape
From the delay in punishing the people
of Little Berrihy, for the murtder of Capt.
Farewell and his crew, and the entire de
struction orhit: vessel, they had been led
to believe that' the occurrenice would be
passed. over: :without further notice, and
this has emboldened them to greater inso
lence. Hence punishment came upon them
when least expected.
Jn regard to the amount of puniehment
visited upon thesepeople, there is but one
'opintion on board ship and on shore, that
it was far short of .what they deserved;
but my instructions enjoined measures of
reasotnable . lenity. and I was myself dis
posed to such-a course, The shedding of
blood in the af'air was unpremeditated and
accidental The natives commenced the
fire, and it is fortunate that no more of
In the melee King Ben Cracow, and hi
interpreter were' killed, and this would
seem a providential restult, as both these
persons unquestionably took an active part
in the massacre of Capt. Farewell and his
The known fierceness and treachery of
most of the African tribes,.made it a mea
sure of necessary prudence to land with. a
considerable armed force, and the 'restult
has shown the propriety of such precaution,
as at almost every place we were received
by strong bodies of well armed natives,
while we noticed great numbers lurking in
the skirts of the neighboring woods..
My orders were'in all cases to avoid the
effusion of blood, and to fire only in self
This act of retributive justice upon the
Little Berriby:ITribe will furnish an im
pressive lesson to this people of other towns
sulspected of piratical acts, while the-friend:
ly demonstrations made by me.mo -those
tribes not Implicated will go .far to show
that the' Arnerican Governmect greatly
prefers apacific intercourse with all na,
lions, -however insignificant, to .onw pf
a hapti hp m atdhe m a=
:a~tdi aidtue bi a hig-p
rtTaaddrable-bg i t qnd=
ist ir&"C " j - 11E uatou
sons t i ~ w.[a.
trader'ad thie $eoi:2't OWspe
ted of partiitdin nhpiracjes atrifr
Berriby, will betnade, woeci
has bee-linostj'etirdly uspetied agin
fall intotts rme of rofitab -
results.; : !.a ..re :-p _ ,
It is 9 t peat lere whin has been
more. ullymentioned in the;; timeutsr
ihat'n 'ft intercourseb ie -kin
and chieI'f", have endeav dito ov
thenbhiisiattii nercan G &enmewi I
ted :npontxe .auyes, by persons gfilig
tuderthe Aner'can Flag asin:demioditg
reressifor the agresion f the fatt
upon :Idch Amercanq.
The ships employee in ibis ierice, he
Macedonian, Saratoga, azd ecsiuaco.
pose a force rarely seen con entrate upon
this part of the coast, andWhe'.Oils avo.W
ed object in visitig ;ihe various tviis ws
to punish thosewhoconmitted outrages'
upon the Amnerica citizens sd to -cut
vale. agood -ndee standig w'it those who
were :disposed to be friendly natural
conviction of the .astivessias been that
the American Goriverniienibaf goneto; uai
exampled trouble and expeaen carrying
ous ts determioatonto protet the rights:
ofrits .citizens in thisquarter of theworld.
a .In all these.nmeasures'of no lal respobid
sibility and solicituda,1 hve received the
most:prompi and efflicientt aid from Capt.
Mayo and Crnimanlers 2'at'allandfAb
boti, commanding tieships-atiapie sintin
company, and' to: Goeno rs Robernai
Russworm; I am also ntiei iodeiedfor
advice and council; particnlarly am fIob
liged to- Governor Roberts, who accomt
panied me, in' this ship dnrihg tghe late
cruise, and took part in all the "delibera
The absolute necessity of the sailing of
the Saratoga to-night' for Port Preyeto
replenish her provisions, has obliged me to
prepare this commuaication and the ac
companying documents in a very hasty
manner in order that, they may be sent by'
her. But I shall take the earliest occa
sion to-transmit duplicates, with some ad-'
ditional information including a chart of
that part of the coast -recently visited by
I have the honor to be,
Very respectfully, -
Your obedient servant,
M. C. PERRY, .
Commanding U. S. Naval Forces, Wes
tern Coast of Africa.
Hon. David Henshaw,.
Sec. of the Navy, Washing '. D C.
From the Washington Spectator..
TExs-OrcE a PART oraTS Utoi.
But if Texas, whether admitted or ro .
jected, 'vill endanger the Union, it is a
matter for the most deliberate and -areful
consideration, what course the people of
the United States should pursue with res
pect to it. Satisfied that information is
all that is needed fir a correct deterajina
tionu, wo will endeavor to 'contribute all
the aid in our power to show the rights
and principles involved.
And, in the first place, let it be distinctly
understool and remembered, that Texas,
if admitted Into the Union, will be no en
largement of the limits of the U. States.
Texas was a component part of the Uni
ted States for sixteen vears, consecutivel- ,
from the treaty with ~France in 1803, G'r
the p~urebase of Louisiamna, to the tr eaty
with Spain in 1819. when it wvas most fa-.
tally and wrongfully surrendered. We
will prove this from the very -highest au
Louisiana, as we purchased it from
France, extended west to- the Vio Bravo,
otherwise called the Rio del Norte. La
salle, the great French discoverer of the
source and mouth of the Mississippi, occu
pied for France the country west of the
Colorado. Mr. Jefferson was so satisfied
of our right to Texas. that he declared it
as good as our iltle to New Orleans. The
F rench commissioner, Mr. Laussat, who
delivered up Louisiana to the U. States,
announced the Rio del Norte as the true
boundary which France had rec'eived from
Spain. But our Government was not
satisfied with announcement. The flssent
of Spain, then owing Mexico, was sought
and obtained to this boundary. Mr. Mad
ison, the Secretary of State to Mr. Jeffer
son, in 1804, says that Louisiana "exten
ded westwardly to the Rio Bravo, other
wise called the Rio del Norte," and that
'orders were accordingly obtained from
the Spanish authorities for the delivery of
all posts on the west side-of the Mississip
pi." Mr. Monroe, the then Minister to
London, in 1803, says that he enclosed
docu ments which "prove incootestibly
that the boundary of Louisiana is the Rio
Bravo," and, in this opinion, Mr. Pinek
ney united. At a later period. in 1S16,
whilst Secretary of State, Mr. Monroe
said "none could question our title to
Texas." In his letter, as Secretary of
State, to Don Opis, of the 12th of March,
1818, John Quincy Adams says, "the
claim of France always did extend wvest
ward to the Rio Bravo" -"she always
claimed the territory.wrhich you call Texas
as being within the limits, and forming a
part of Louisiana." After showing our
title, Mr. Adams says, "well might Messrs.
Pinckney and Monroe wrote to-Mr. Cav
allos, in 1805, that the claim to the United
States to the boundary of the Rio Bravo
was as clear as their right to the islanil of
New Orleans." A gain, in his letter of the
31st October, 1818, M. Adams says our
title to Texas is -"established beynd the
power of controversy." Here, then, by
the declaration of France, frrom whom we
purchased Louisiana, and by the unbrok'en
testimony of all the Presidcnis itsemnin
tae of the United States, who acied at- idi
concerning Texas-Texas was ioi and:
formned a componnt part of theiU. Statis
But we will prove this inition, Anit only
by our Governsment~ sdds the asserit of
other nations for thae sixteen yara Tehai
remained a compatern part of the Unrio,,
hut by the very act by -which dle wms cast
out of the Unin,~
In 1S19,%a:meatjgwth fpsia was Awle,
b~y which the country nprth pf the Sabine
(Texasb was arrendete4 to Spain, Tina
treaty distinctly deelares,. np regayds
Texas, thetawo egdo t9. is. .0g(tb jic
on essS-~ -
con d~~~quesinV i~ge
i4~~j~o al e stni7'as
n00 as y. heae ofa wed
et i l ibthe U nited States
tD-SPiiU5' ~at. *he-leT us tsef
ickov~I ede ed:Kabd Ip!OV i be ae
t ema w ton':oe t fdrisis iss ' e
oiek'notl bprosigy tnney
tititfuli no-a GHeruetiotnaa'oit th
Uni:on welighefore lexias vas, '
iua1 196i46 6n 6 extee s n o
ol'ihes at i'St ates. 1 i
tor'ig'he Union to,i1s ance Ii i f'
wipei ut ther foul wrongvrywh i tself k
fi 819per trated on the peoeste
eing - partin o ih a pfr onlr oithp?
tenory .f the Unitedf Sate hs, ' a
tir secuirsty and peace. et aeatrrs h
uever be forgotten it conider ind'
annexution of Texasi. tshe U
who are in favor ithisnesueill
isnditing the ancens limits ofi1'ii
Stapes pThey goTor rst.rin 1
io what .swas fiefore itwridmgedd iiiu
.beriment y the fltyi18. "
the TecurituDinont that ipossga o& a
a place situated in Harrisu eoqnryat the
teof naigatidn onTCtaddo a eW t
boats are plii gs a e
tween. it inad Red noyerbad .me7tre'" s
indihaleg of notton are atn oal b it:-_
ro;f at t New Or1eoit sa ongo smtl
anoniof any thousand a.a
nuAIyFireorted free of duty. and sild i6
the planteri or'the surroittdiangotinir, a
prices iwenty fite or thirty: per ctt lowier
than: those demanded by any mercitintv
Who are compelled to pay the imlo rda
ties. No collector has ventured to enTorce
the law at this port,-and importatidas ord
thmad.l in defance of laAas tireelyand
openly as they are made in Shreveport o
NrW OLa s, Marchalf
Deatructioe Con pagration.--Abouhalf
-pas. o'clock last evening a ire ibroke ou
in the spirit tas, oil and lamptore of Mes
er.:Fuller & Co., No.6 Royal snreeti and
so suddenly did it spread among the in
flammable matter, that in a few moments
the eNtire store was a sheet of:ame The
building wasof brick, three stores high,
the family of Mr. Fuller occupyinga part
of the second floor. while tanother portion
was Filled with furnituryand oitiergoods
Of this prperny we could not loa- what
portion wmas saved.- t
The fire next communicated to the ad
joining .hotuse, No. 67, occupted by Mr.
Sampson as a furniture store. Thts, too,
was soon destroyed,- together witth a par-t
tion of the contents. :p
Although every attempt was made
save tt e liquor store of Messr. Jordy .
Brasier, No. 69, the upper part wassootn
*on fire. A large quantity of liquor was'
rolled from this establishment .mt6rthe
street ; yet the loss must have beeasrevere.
At this point the aflmes were checked,
although the building No.71 w cii
pletely riddled. and a largy pori~ti
contents destroyed or injured. Much: 1'iis-:
was also sustained by the occupants ofthe
adjoining buildings in moving tbeir. prop
erty ; for at first it was thougttthatnearly
the whole square,as far as Conti streer,
would be destroyed. At one time ihe roof
of the Bank of Louisiana, on the opposite
side of the street and some distance down,
was discovered to be on fire, but it was
The above are all the particulars woe
could gather of this unfortunate conflagra
tion-the most disastrous, with the excep
tion of the Orleans Cotton Press, whicha
has befallen our city for months.
P. S. Since writing the above.-we regret
to learn that Mr. John W. Hainea.. a
member of the fire department, lost his.
life by the falling of a wall. Other--per-.
sons were severely injured, but we coigd
not learn particulars.-Picayune,.. -e.
Failure of Mr.Mayer.-O ur readers bave
already heard- of the failure of a cotton
dealer in this city of the above name. The
Columbus Inquirer, published in Georgia,
contains an aniele implicating one G.Kos
ter, F. Martin, A. Meyer and Listihon,
in the failure of the -Phenix Bank.dit'
says that "Koster arranged Witllih6
bank to purchase* cotton, by . assinghs
drasfts on .A. Mayer-, a .respectalfe nmer,.
chant in New York4 In this mannera
here and at Apalachicola, '(mostly z ah6b
Bay,) both out of door. and in baak,-fb
succeeded in gurchasing about 6,000 6 s tY
of cottongahip d it in great ha
Orleans iihsted of New York~ p
it by sald'or otherwise, put. 14- *
in his pocket,'-and hurried on tothesrah..
When the people-here stupposed;lhsiwas.
in -New Orleans, honestly -arranging't.
place his New York correspondentiW
funds to meet his dtfl~s-upon hsihuwsk
probably hidden in New Ybikad there
Is no doubt employed a man wh' calle~
himself Eaton to cotne out
amount of the Pheenix Barikmot euiQans
the Bank of its coin. He arived'beqa
the 14th instant, presented-im brokejaa
sea, and collected in specie soW WN1I0iO
of the notes, leatinglhr ifGde
dollar. in the Vraults balgnesof
the debts. The denc~igt~iiniser
able existencefo a~so more, an(
then died, qs~'in ptaoitary dol..to
pay the billholders- The whole .lmanne
due to the bankf ycitizenis o Co) ligt
doest not -roshh $10,000. Tb iv - I
amount due to corporatinti Qi ikuis;
i:elor residing in ska city o( olutp..
bus, either itn the liabilties er-the-2benix,
Bank or of Koster, does niot reach beyionec
'*25,000, which shows skatihe-peplret
had little or no confidence poiiedrp,
TI-e losses by Kqer.' '' ''" h ~
$5,00,bsing dlivid$ wet tecrp
ratiosag of Auglusta~ . iiduals in. i
Bay and the Wall- tbjkristhillatter
of whom.- purchased. isely- sfrKoster's~
drafs on Mayer almost so the'day ofhisn
failttge.-Y. Y. Trw Sun -
Rail Road :Diae.-Sk6 eipfi
a loooadve'boiler siene
q,'lifeeiurfC te - (th Pe wild