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" ndence o pharleston Patriot.
WASHIIoGTON, larch 28
'the Senite; as usual, nirnierous me
norials in favor of.the present tariff were
presented and referred..
4 Meiorials were, presented frot: the
Iron Maniufacturers of Pennsylvania and
other places. earnestly protesting against
the passage of the.bill to remit the duty on
imported Rail Road Iron.
rWright presented memorials against
the annexation of Texas.
sAfter the disposalgf private business.
the.Senate resumed the consideration of
the Tariff resolution.
-Mr. Simmons resumed and concluded
his remarks from yesterday, in favor of
the present tariff, and in reply to Mr. Ben
Tho latter rejoin a. some length, and
.re-asserted his forme views.
In the House, a report was made from
the Committee on Public Buildings, in
favor of using the Drummond Light for il
luminating the Hall for its evening ses
sions. This singular light is produced by
themniting of two jets of oxygen and ni
trogen, upon a piece of unslacked calined
lime, in a state of combustion. Its power
of continuation is equal to any light known.
The projector, Mr. Grant, has invented a
plan with a series of line points, arranged
upon a desk, revolving by clock work,
whereby the ligbt-can be sustained with
out diminution for twelve hours if reqnired.
Amogg the important considerations the
Committee have in view in introducig
the light, is the preservation of the purity
of the atmosphere in the House, which is
now contaminated with the smoke and
flame of lamps, to a degree very injurious
to the health & comfort of members dur
ring the night sessions. In ordinary con
bustion, the oxygen is derived from the
surrounding air. When the air becomes
impure, an excess of carbon, in the form
of smoke, is thrown off. One lamp or
candle in the case, will decompose and
- render unfit for respiration as much air as
four individuals. The Drutmontd light
is free from all these objections, as it pro
vides its own oxygen,
Accompanying the report, was a bill
. making a suitable appropriation for the
Mr. Dromgoole, from the Committee on
Ways and Means, to whom had been ro
ferred the subject of the recent emission of
Treasury Notes, reported a joint resulu
tion, which, declares that said notes, re
cently issued a nominal interest, and pay
able whenever presented at the Treasury
Department, were issued without author
ity of law. The resolution will, I pre
some, depreciate the value of the out
Mr. McKay, from the same Commit
tee, reported a resolution making the
tariff bill the special oder for -the 9th of
Aprit, and every day thereafter, until
finally disposed of. The vote was, yeas
95,"nays 79, which not being two-tltir4a.
as required by the rule, the resolution was
gpectod. He then gave notice that on the
,above day, he will move to go into Com.
mittee of the Whole on the t:ill, As a
majority now.have ponser to go into Com
minee, he will of course succeed.
ir. J. R. Ingersell expressed a hope
that so important a measure would not be
acted upon, until further opportunity to
hear from the people, should have been
After the- disposal of numerous unim
portant reports the H~ouse went into Coin
ittee, and resumed the consideration of
the Arrmy Approipriation hill.
The pending question. was still on the
amendixent offered by Mr. Britikeroff pro
viding that after the 20th of July next all
stupernumary officers ot the Armiy shall be
*A t the terinination of a tedious discus
sion,.this amendment was concurred in by
ftvote. of .84 to29.
:'The Committee then took up the bill to
* .reduce the pay of officers of the Armny, bit
it being late, a motion to rise prevailed and
the House adjourned..,
In theaSenate several memorials were
presented- by Mr,.Buchana~n and, others,
protesting against the reception of any
*proposition for the annexation of Texas,
du 6the ground that the- Constitution coni
fesno power for the amalgamation with
tof any foreign Territory.
'.The dommitLee on-Naval Affairs, re
ported a bill foifthe reli6gof the heirs of
-s.The bill providing for.. the confirmation
d I'certain land elitms in Mississippi, was
rcead a uli-~d ine aid,.then laid over.
Mre. appan called up a resolution, au
thiorizing the Secretary of State to pur
chase from Hiram Powers, marble busts
of thePresidets of'the United States.
Mtr.Tappan observed, that Mr. Powvers
-ig notog~iaitinguishied asa Sculptor, but
Mstinagh irineuly at the head -of his
- ~rt.NIn'b re i ation ,of the humatn
fedns'ie.Was eq yby none. It was
highijs desirabl that. the. country should
,possessykirate likenesses' of its Presi
- .dents,'fustbad of fancy sketches or heatbein
The resolution was adopted.
Afterktbe disposal of local and private
bmssin'ess, th'e.PonLOffice bill was taken up
:Tbm. question pending was on the me
ti6inof-Mr. Simmons, to amend by striking
out 100 mites, aid inserting 250, as the
*-distance-to which -the lowest rate of post
lAr.Merrick having the- floor, m ade a
long speech explanatory of the various ser.
tions'of the bill. When he-coneloded. t he
Seirate spent a sh6rt lime in Executive
',. session and-then adjourried. '
-in the Houise, another attenifpt .was made
by r. Schenck to' suspend the .roie. for
the %pse of considering the resoi:t:otr
tnate, fixing ihie*27th of Majfe;
-b folosing the present session.
to yeas 80, nays -64, wbieb
nox 4i~~ ~ -t birds ithe motion failied
Thos sted in -the minority are de
eiromis etaining the drIft of the Texas
and Oregbotiqieshmofs; before they commit
.The-Naval Committee reporated unifa
..rily on memorials asking-tihekonstruc
uion of a dry dock: at Phihladelha. The
- chief reason rged, is-the state of the Tres
a law s -imial to the peace -of the
Mr. arrio prented tcsolutions from
M1ississippi in favor of a ' Dry Dock and
l1avy- Yard in Pensacola. *He-made . a
brief speech in which he set forth thie great
importanceof-'such a work to the whole
After 'he disposal of private basiness,
the Post Office Bill of Mr. Met rich was
again taken up.
. Mr. Phelps opposed the bill on the ground
that the proper course would be for the
Department firsf tocut down ibe enormoas
sums paid to Rail Road and other Com
panies for carr3iug the Mail. . All othet
abuses were, he contended, in compari
son with this, but as a mere drop in the
bucket. As for the private mails about
which so much has been said, he knew
they were illegal; but it was nonsense to
suppose they could be put down so long
as public sentiment was against the De
partment. If the latter would purify it
self, there could be nodoubt, but that pub
lie opinion would sustain it. As it was,
however, it was folly to make laws in op
position to public opinion.
The debate was contirbed by Messrs.
Merrick. Dayton, Simmons and others,
till the adjournment, without any question
In the House nothing of interest trans
pired. After the adoption of some unim
portant resolutions of inquiry, a number
of bills relating to the local affairs of the
Territories, were debated in Committee
of the Whole.
In the Senate, several memorials against
the annexation of Texas were presented
from the Northern States, and referred.
Mr. Tallmadge presented several me
tnorials against any interference with the
A resolution was adopted calling on the
Secretary of War, to report on the prac
ticability and probable expense of improv
ing the navigation of the Mississippi river,
at the poin' called the "Chain of Rock."
The bill from the louse making appro
priation for the Military Academy at West
Point, was taken up and passed without
The Fortification hill was taken up,
when Mr. Sevier took the floor and com
plained bitterly of the omission of appro
priations for military posts on the Western
frontier. On his motion, the bill was laid
aside, for the purpose of allowing time for
the preparation of amendmdnts.
The Post Office bill was next taken up
and debated until the adjournment with
put any final action thereon. From pre
sent indications. I doubt its success.
In the House, the proceedings were
Several resolutions were adopted, call
ing for information from the Department,
and some unimportant report were made.
Mr. I-aralson, from the Military Comu
mittee, made a long report in favor of the
construction of fortifications for the shoals
More than a dozen hills, relating to the
internal affairs of the Territories, were
onsidered in Committee, .reported and
On motion of Mr. Cave Johnson, a ro
solution was adopted which provides that
all debate in Committee, on the Army Re
trenchment bill, shall cease at 2 o'clock
The ab.;ve bill was taken up in Com
mittee and considered during the remain
der of the day. April 3.
In the Senate this morning, a greal
number of Memorials strongly protesting
against the reception of any propositoo
for the annexation of Texas, were presen
ted and referred.
Nmerous Memorial were also present
ed against any change in the Tariff.
Mr. Phelps in the course of some re'
marks on the subject,saidlthat in that in hi!
State (Vermont) there is but one feeling ir
regard to Texas and the Tariff.
On moti',n of Mr. Allen, the Senate re
considered the vote by which 'the WVest
Point Academy Bill w as passed yesterday,
in orer that lie and others who were ac
cidetally absent might record their votes,
The lull wvas then passed by a vote of 29
The Fortification bill from the House
w~as tnext considered ast in Committee o
On motion of Mr. Sevier, the bill wva
amended by inserting "for Fort Smith
$30.000; Fort Gibson $15,000, Fort T1ow.
Mr. Barron then made a speech in whiel
he comnlained that justice has not beet
done to'Loui-inna. lHe therefore mover
to amend by increasing the amount of ap
propriation for that state. lie did no
succeed, however. The bill was theni re
ported and the amendments ordered to hi
engrossd. I do not think they will hb
concurred in by the House.
Mr. Adams, from the Select Committe'
on the Mlassachuzsetts lResolutions, made
minority report. Four othier reports wveri
also made by members of the minority
They wvera laid over till to-miorrow.
The resolutions of the alajority of the
Committee were then called up. The
set forth that it is inexpedient to recoin
mend the amendments to the Constitutiot
as proposed by Massachusettr. viz: Also
that the Committee he, disecharged fron
further consideration on the subject.
The resolutions of the Comtnittee wer'
immediately adopted by a vote of 156 to 12
The repport of Mr. Adams is dr-awn uj
with great care. 11 stroriglf protesteagains
the representation ofufaves ts ptmperty~ati
calls utpon. teSouthern States ti pas
lawrs emancipatinig their slaves atte'a cer
ain period. It concludes as followi:
"Tie subscriber believes, hon ever, tha
the Legislature and people of Mast wil
be satisfied for the present with theemis
sin of their warning voice and the frei
expositin of the resons by which 't ha
been prompted. It is proposed, therefore
that the further.cons~iderationi of thiesub
ect e postpcned till the first'Monday a
The bill. authorizing the Presidert t<
epose for sale the reserved lead minet ii
WViseosin, Illinois and-Iowa, was debate,
until a late hour,.when the House refusec
to order its engrossment by a lage vote. J
motion was nmade to re-consider the vor
..n... w.hic the Houen adjourned.
Fromthe Washington Spectaior..
Tix- AND lila tLAY- 7
The Richamond - Whig; if we' recollect
its remarks made about si *eek ago, does
us injustice in sijposing that we intended
to associate Mr. Clay's nane with British
affinities or- any anti.American policy.
We said that --the worst- thing we could
wish our political enerniee,.is. that on the
subjects of Texas and Oregon. they should
take sides with the British," &c., "and
then to crown the whole, let their candi
date for the Presidency. Mr. Clay, .come
out in their support," &c. Here we do
not say we either wih4, or desire, or ex
pect, this state of things to exist; much
less that Mr. Clay will support them.
However erroneous and ruinous to- the
peace of the Union, and the best interests
of the people of the United States, we be
lieve Mir. Clay's intersAl policy in the af
fairs of the Union to be-id 1Hia foreign
policy, and in matters affecting the foreign
interests of the South, few men have been
more faithful and true. On this very sub.
ject of Texas, he was the first and hold
est in his denunciations of the treaty which
alienated her from the Union. He took
the ground in Congress, in his speech in
1820, that the treaty was "imperative."
being contrary to the Constitution, and
the rights of the people of the West. He
afterwards, as Secretary of State, during
Mr. Adam's administration, earnestly en
deavored to recover Texas to the Union.
lie has voted, we believe, since in favor of
every movement in behalf of Texas. We
therefore, would be doing him injustice,
and the cause itself a flagrant injury,
should we class Mr. Clay amongst the op
ponetts to the admission of 'Texas into
the Union. We deprecate the evil of a
divided South on this subject; and there
is but one man who can bring it.- Consis
sistetncy. fidelity to the past. the interests
and honor of the present, al. call on Mr.
Clay to be true to the ancien: lines of the
Union-to his country-to himself. Hi.
friends in Virginia and Kentucky seem to
be wavering. He must not waver.
Neither the times nor the questions before
the country admit of vacillation or equiv
ocation. His bold spirit must know its
place. Thousands and tens of thousands,
who are now in association with the two
great parties of the country, will break
from both when the question of Texas is
fairly placed before them. Interest in the
North-security in the South-the honor
and aspirations of the Union every where
-will carry this question like a whirlwind,
over the land ; and no aspirant to the Pres
idency, we believe, will take position
against it. The man who trtrkles to thr.
foolish and traitorous fanaties of the North
on :his great subject. forgetful, as an A mer
ican, of the pride and high destiny of his
country, and disregardful of the designs of
Great Britain in her insidious encroach
ments and pretensai'ns. will be only fit to
preside over a conventicle of epileptic
Abolitionists, or the more august orgies of
sucrificing the fair danghters of England
-more horrible than the Eastern funeral
pile-to the loathsome embraces of negro
amalgamation. His philanthropic sym
pathies, reeking with such chivalric occu
pations and associations, may then rightly
lead him to belch forth disunion,-or fire the
torch of insurrection itself, to gratify its hu
Can Mr. Clay conso-t with such as
these ? Can he sully that great fame
which, in our foreign affairs, is altogether
A merican, with the foul foam of mad fa
taticism ; or drag it down from the high
gaze of the whole Union, to plunge at
inato the sty of a filthy clique, as despieca
ble as they are wicked and deperate. We
do not believe it-we will not believe it
until it is done. Although opposed to him
oan many points of policy, he is a Southern
mani, full of Southerna characteristics-and
it may he of Southern faults. lie has
more bearts burtaing with personaal attach
ment and admiration for him, thtan any
man in our wide Union ; and those heart
are in the warm South where lucre has
nout won them. Even we, at saneh a en
tastrophe, would bury otar head in out
cloak, and walk sorrowing away, as at
the interment of a revered anad time hont
ored statesmatn, over whom the fresh sod
is closing and closing forever.
lnteretng Letter From General Jackson.
Concord, N H. March 4. 1 844.
Dear sir-I have received a let ter fromi
Getn. Jackson, on Saturday last. with the
enclosed, addressed to you. How charac
teristic of the noble, brave old hero. I am
sure you will prize. it highly,
In great haste, your frisead and serv'r,
Hermitage, Feb. 19. 1844.
GEOaGE BAttsrow, Faq.
Dear str-Uuder cover ror my frienad
the Hlon- Frnalkliu Pierce. of New Hamap
shire, of dJate the 2d inastant. I receivet
youis of the 20th October, 1843, in which
Iyou state 'that in your history of Nes
Ham pshire you have asserted the fact thel
the wsords beauty and booty were uised a
watch-words by the British at New-Or.
leas, &e-ahat this has been contradicted
in one of thte federal papers, and which yot
appeal to me for the truth of this state
mnent." To which I reply that ont the 8i1
of January 1815, after the battle oftha
mnorning, was found amonagst the papers a
a British sergena that fell anear the line
(one of the left columns of the British armny
comm'aanded hy General Kenne, and let
on by Col Rodney tagainst my right,) at
otrderly book containing the words -Beau
I y and Boocy"' as the watch-words of th
British army for the 8th January, 18l5
These words being foutnd in the sergent'
orderly book, were btelieved hy all to havy
been the watch-words of the British arm'
on that day. The British officers havl
Isince denied that such was given by thi
-commander-in-chief; but it would hayi
3i een an awful responsibility for a subordi
lnate officer to htave given it without thi
.knowledge and consent of the comman
-der-inchief-Fromn the fact disclosed]
f none of my olicers, as well as myself, eve
doubted but that it was the real watch
>word for the day of the British army, an'
a history has thus recorded. These are tha
I facts. and posterity must jndge wi~eoce thn
I WA'rCI woatns proceed.
I am very respectfully.
, Youir mo-t obedient serv't.
After the reception otntinerops private
aid local eportsi Iie :ousiethen'. we i
into Committee'and took; up the bill-re
ceantly reported from the Retrenchment:
Committee to regulate. the pay of officers
of the-Army.The bill proposes to save
half a million of dollars-annually. .
Mr. Davis of Indiana, moved to amend
by. solisling the office of Major General
6f he Army.
"The proposition was opposed: on the
ground that-it would be construed as an
implied censure of General Scott. It was
suggested, however, that a -prospective
law would effect the desired object. The
amendment was finally rejected by a large
Numerous other prdyosed amendments
were also rejected.
Mr.- Calhoun arrived this afternoon.
Although he expressly declined a public
welcome, the cordial greeting of his nu
merous friends must have been extremely
gratifying. He received so maiiy hearty
shakes of the hand, that he humorously
expressed his fear of a dislocation of the
shoulder. It is understood that he will
enter upon the duties of his office on Mon.
day, March 30.
The Senateswas not in session*to-day.
In the House, a message was received
from the President, submitting a commu
nication from the French Minister on the
subject of the tonnage duties levied on
French vessels arriving in ports of the
U. S. from the Island of St. Pierre and
Maguelon, and proposing to place our
commercial intercourse with those Is
lands upon tIhesame footing as now exists
with Islands of Malrtinique and Guada
loupe. The President says no reason is
perceived for the discrimination recog
nized by the existing law, and none why
the provisions of the Act of Congress
should not be extended to the Commerce
of the Islands in question.
A communication was also received
from the P. M. General in answer to a
resolution relative to private mails. He
says that owing to the illegal proceedings
o persons in many parts of the Union
carrying mail matter by.privete mails,
the revenue of the Department, will not
meet the current expenses for the present
year by $200,000, notwithstanding the ut
most economy has been pursued. Owing
to this he has been compelled to deny
mnail facilities, where he was satisfied the
wants of the public demanded them.
A communication was likewise received
frot the War Dehartment, in answer to a
resolution relative to the ordering to his
post of Lieut. Bragg, before his term of
leave of absence had expired. The Sec.
retary says, that in the order for the re
turn of Bragg, it was expressly provided
that It was not to take effect in case he
should be under the summons of a Com
A second letter Was received from the
P. M. General in which he states that the
estimate for the Mail service for the fiscal
year commencing July 1, 1844, are $4,
By a letter from the Navy Department,
it appears thattbe number of native sea
men registered during the past year, was
as follows: Maine, 848; New Hampshire
98 ; Mass. 3167; Rhode Island 266; Conn.
149; New York 1106; Penn. 464; Dela
ware 23; Maryland 270; Dist. of Colum
bia 60; Virginia 260; North Carolina 298;
Georgia 21; Florida 37. Total $,084.
The number of naturalized seamen re
gistered during the same period was 92.
Some onimportant busitness having been
disposed of, the House wetnt into Cotmmit
tee und resumed the conbideration of the
hill to regulate the pay of officers of the
Several proposed amendments were
rejected, after whieb Mir. Petit, of Itndiana,
raised a real storm by moving to strike out
the pay for Chaplains of the Army. He
argued that the genius of our institutions
does not warrant the employment of such
' alr. H~olmnes. in a burst of indignantel
oquence, dlenounced the proposition as
unworthy the consideration of Congress.
le referred to history for instances with
out number, where a recognition of the
Deit y had crowned armies with success.
He expressed a fervent hope that no one
would be found to defend such an amend
M1r.- J. R. Ingersoll followved. on the
same side. The debate, wvhich had now
assumned an exciting character, was con
tinued by Mlessrs. Petit, Harden and
Wentworth. Finally on the appeal of
r. Steenrod, the atmendment was with
After the rejection of several other
amendments the Committee rose and the
H ouse adjourned.
To-day the city was enlivened by a
grand procession of the members of the,
National Institute, this being the time ap:'
pointed for the Literary and S'cientific
Trho meeting was held in the large
Presbyterian Church on 44 street. Nearly
a thousand ~persons were in attendance,
most of thern ladiesf The President of
the U. S. took the chair and made a brief
congratulary address. He was followed
by Senatoi-Walker, who spoke in an ele
gant mnaine'r if the great achievements of
Professor Driber of the University of
New. York then. deltvered an interesting.
discourse, on the. physical constitution of
te rays of the Sun. He was followed bmy
Professor Loomis of Ohio. whose theme
was the great Comet of 1843. --
The exercises were enlivened by Mar-.
tial Airs from the Mtarine Band and Cole
man's newly invented Piano Forte, whihh
is combined with the Enlian Harp. The
"meenings'wmil 'be e'ontinued through the
present veek. aier which the vartous ad
dresses wall-be printed in one or more vol.
O inigt ttheiabove meettng, there was
uta thini attendance in either branch of
In Ihe Senate an unusual number of
memorials prot-esting against any change
In the tarift, epresented andi referredy
Mr. Fairfield presented resiolutions of
the Legislature of Mains~protesting against
that law whtch presmes colored persons
without pa pers, to be ftbgitives in the ab
sence of proof to the contrary. The reso
...:ns.,eclare that the existence o6 slneh
LATEST .ROM TEXAS;
1y ibeyeanshiji Ne:Ydiak, Captain
W~ihifrif Galveismlwe baee papers
tothe. tfh hiurch. Among tie passena
gers'*aiCom; Moore, i ho:appear ;to- be
in eicelIgnib'ealth rdipifits,
turned;iliey renehedjG;i% ij'on nttie 2615
The precise. :.erms andcidditir'ns for. ttit
continuance and terminatifni:of the arm,
Lice have uutiranspirg~daed iill perliap
not betnade ptiblic exceptrom Washingr
ton. r is uderstocl that.the two cooni
tries are to maintain theirpresent pacific
positions towards each other, until Com
missioners, toameet at the city of Mexico.
have been appointed, and shall have ter
minated their labois, for the establishment
of a permanent peace between the two
nations. The Mexican Government it is
said,'is very much dislurbed'at :thepros-"
pcet of the annexatint (of Teaas to the.U
S., and well, informed jierson. in Mlexico
believe that every.elfort will be made by
the Government to make it a condition,
on the acknowledgement of the indepen
denee of Texas -that: she shall remain
separate .ind independent of the U. States.
It is thought that no great difficulty would
be found in procuring a recognition on this
condition; though Santa Anna might be.
disposed to cavil about the boundary line
between the two countries.
The most perfect understanding and
good feeling is said to exist. between Gen.
Murphy a- d President Houston.
The Nation.,l.Viudicator published at
Washington, says that a var had broken
out between the Tonkahaway and Caddo
tribes of Indians, and that-the formerthad
been routed and driven into-Austin. The
inhabitants of Austin declined renderitig
them any assistance, although the Cad
does threated to pursue them to extermina-:
tion. All the border tribes, it is stated, are
friendly with the whites.-N. 0, Pic. 28th
We yesterday had an interview with
two of the Mier prisoners, who have rei
cently been liberated from their captivity
in Mexico through the intervention of Mr.
Bankhead, the new;British Minister.
The gentleman liberated are Maj. T. W.
Murray and Mr. Donald Smith. They
reached this city last evening by the sehr.
John Barr, just arrived from Vera Cruz.
When they left the latter cite it was
reported and generally -believed that all
the San Antonis prisoners had been re
leased, or soon would be; and in some
quarters sanguitie expectations were en
tertained that all the Texan prisoners cow
in Mexico would soon he act al large.
We h-arn further, that since the 11th of
September last, there have been twenty
two deaths at the Castle of Perote.
By this arrival we have received no
papers nor scarcely a word of verbal in
telligence. The Barr made the passage
in three and a half days. The Laura Vir
ginia sailed) on the day previous with pa
pers. and by her we shall probably receive
our files. The U. S. brig Bainbridge, said
io be awaititg the arrival of Gen. Waddy
Thompson, was to sail for Pensacola on
the 27th inst. The U. S. brig Somers
%ailed for Pensacola on the 22d.-N. 0.
Pica3une, March 30.
An indian Murdered tn Jail.-We learn
from the Miner's Express, of Dubuque,
Iowa, that the two Winnebago Indians
confined there to awtit their death for the
murder of white meo, quarrelled on the 2d
instant, when the stronger killed the wea
ker. As near as can be gathered from the
imperfect English of the tall Indian, it ap
pears that the small one reproached him
with having killed a Che-moko-man, (a
white man,) that the Great Council had
decreed that he should (lie, and taunted
him with heinig the cause of their misfor
tne, (alluding to the murders.) This so
enrajged his comarade, that he caught up a
stick of wood and dealt him the fatal
blows. The tall Indian throughout the
itnvestigation of the Coroner's Inquest pre
served the most stoical indifference, and
gazed about with a vacant stare of curiosi
ty, and never exhibited the slightest re
morse of conscience. Upon being ques
tioned about the quarrel he replied, '-Vhis
key-Che-mo-ko, tme nego!' pointing to
thte stick of wood, atnd exhibiting by his
sigtns thte manner in which he accomplish
ed the dreadful deed, insinuating that his
cornpanlion had alluded to the causes which
placed them in confinement- The Ex
press says: "Surely this poor Indian has
drained the bitter ctup of despair to its very
dregs, and all his evils cani be ascribed to
thtat demon, alcohol, or 'fire water,' whbich
the civililized white man retails to his
Another Prophet.-A rival to Father
Miller, stays the New Orleans Bee has ap
pearedl in this ciiy. The new prophet is
named Leonard Jotnes, and formerly s
tabtished a sect in Kentucky called .Live
Forever!-a term significant of the creed
of his people, who wore to etijoy bodily
existence and perennial yonth upon this
time wa-sting world, through the renova
ting influence of faith. One of their
preachers having dlied, the sect was bro
Iken up. He has since imbibed a new phi
lanthrophy, in the shape of a direct reve
elation, which was mtade to hint in the
neighiborhood of Daniville. Ky., on or about
the 14th of March last. Hlenow preaches
that the world is coming to an end only so
far as Satan is concerned-that the Devil
is to be put dlown and his works disap
pear -a most consoling belief.
The Famnilyi of Smiths -A writer in
the Norfolk Beacon tells of a town in
Texas which he visited, where out of a
population of 400, the Smiths numbered
300. The postmaster, the collector, the
broker, the colonel of the militia, the act
inig magistrate. the candidaie for Congress,
the cashier of the bank, the principal
muerhianit, all bore the unicomnmon name
of John Smith ! He adds, rather dubi
ously, that "what were the names of sotme
of thegr in the States it would he hard to
,Contiello,.-The Louisville Journal of
the 13th inst. says-,
"We learn that the Rev. Mr. Weinzeph
jin, thp Catholic priest who was charged
with committing a rape in Evansville, In
dian.. some two years ago, has been cqn.
-vctoti and thatihe was yesterday commit
ete. othe; penitentiaryatJ cksouville for
(he term of live yesn.
Frpn the Andersn}Gaitte Apr .
he 'irtS of eesionii and Canitigon
Pleas' for this Dist.tf ieomnmenc'd ils SeE
qon- .1 l.t Mii'day wncc%.Not ugn gf
pariculhr inteest-cum~e belfore the (ourt
e cept ~tihe indictment of the State vs the
Rev. Edward W; Musgrove forhedisurb-:'
-a Religious meeting in which the
CoInnstsIy. elihliited considerable feel -
ing. The trial Jcommenced on Tui'day
and terninatei on V.ednesday. Solicitor
Whiner- conducied the prosecuitiou.Mus
grove defended hiimself. We atti.he
liberty of iriedy giving the~istoryithis
notorious. impostor since his mappearance
is Anderso o:District. He eamefrois Tet
aessee in'the early part of last summtertaad)
very soonr acquired a very unenviable.no;
lorietysby his opposition in his. sermons;,
to all the lirehevolent institution gf:is h0 "
tiay. The. Bible, Missionary, and Tein -
perance Societies met a 'zealous though
not a dangerous opponent in the personof
this pastor. He has traversed aihe:District
witnout enticiag:'to his ranks. many; pros
elytes and is distliguished asimuch -Cor
the dirty and filthy appearance of his per=
son, as for the peculiarity of his doctrides, -
He has been convicted of 'wilful. and de
liberate falsehood by the certificates of
respectable men in relation o. a :Teinper
ante'discussion last summer, at. the ter
minati.an of which lie voluntarily acksowie
edged his error in 'opposing Temperance
and'pledged .himself .never. to raise. his
voice again against the cause; The day
after the discussion hestated in Greenville
that he -(hinself); hid' iiumphed-tmade -
his opponents admit themselves in error,
and extoried fro them a -promise 0ister
again to advocate Temperance.
When he cae-toathe District he brought"
a letter purporting to lie from 'acehtrch id .
Teneessee, certifyig- hathewasa preach
en in good standing. and .upon the state
ments made in the letter, machi io bbre
gretted, he secured admission in the'
Church' at Big Creek Church';Ath'oldes
we believe in the District and one of great
respectability. Since his admission into
it the history of its proceedings have been
disgraceful to the cause of Religion. A.
imosities and strifes through his intpr
meddling nave been gendered-he has
originated' by his base malignity, heart
burnings among friends united by cords of
friendship of half a century's duration. He
has fermented and excited difficulties ii
the Church and neighborhood fitting far
better the character of a representative of
an angel of darkness than the peaceful R'e
ligion of Christ-he has done this, and to
hide the hidedus defortnitiesof his corrupt
nature.he has thrown. 'around' himself 'thp
sacred mantle of Religion. He raisei
hitle part) of beiievers-the - venerable
Parson who had ministeredto the flock in
spiritual things was the object of this
wretches eumity. Musgrave head charges
against him-a residcnce of sixty years
among that people- together with art n-.
blemished character was not. sufficienf to
shield him from the accusations of-Edward.
W. Musgrove. The Church met' toelect'
a parson-Musgrave found himself'ia a
minority and attempted to break up tbe
meeting by withdran% ing bimselfand liiia
little squad-it failed ; Vandiver was cho
sen parson: . This was is' Januiary The
first Saturday in February the Church'.
rmet again, and whilst they were in the.
midst of their business this impudent- cur
bad the effrontery to march into the
church, walk np the ailse, eater the pulpit
and commence hi. service,' during all of
which time the Church kept callhng on
him through its deacca and others were
entreatinig him to desist-nut to disturb
their proceedings; that they would soon
finish and leave tbe house to him. But
no hie was the Church-the man of God
sent to preac~h the Gospel, and their -en
treaties were vain. He sung and prayed
after a fashion. He took his text and al
most the first sentence was an accusation
of lying, prefered by him against the ven
erable parson of the Church ! The meet
ing w as dissolved and Musgrove indicted.
lHe defended himself with tact anid adroit
ness which led us to concludo that- he was
no novice in criminal jurisprudence. *.But
wve will tiot presume to -suggest in what
sphere he has moved heretofore. We
venture anything that he never, heard a
speech which lie retains so vivid a recol
lection of its contents as the speech of the
solicitor in reply to him. The jury were
absent but a few moments, when they to
tuarned a verdict of "guilty,"
From ihir South-Carolinian.
The one on Moniday evening was 'a re
viving ono to the friendsof this great and.
good cause. The Methodist Church was
filled by a very attentive and apparently
highly interested and -gratified auditory.
Judge O'Neal, the noble and generous
leader of that cause i9 South Carolina, ad
vocated it for about an hour in a speech
replete with interesting anecdote..correct
and manly sentiment, and able argument.
He ran over the subject with .masterly
power, depicting in glowing terms the po
sition of the drunkard, and the disgust meD
ar- compelled to feel at the meanness 'of
his ways and the loathsomeness of' his
habits. The draw-drinker's plea, that he'
uses liquor as a stimulant to appetite, was
next taken from him; and the gentleman
who likes to sip his wvine at the social
board, was admonished of the dangus
ground on which he treads. The 'yonug
men, the hope and promise qf the country,
were entreated, assa fatherdoth his 'son;
and we think here.is remnarks were pe
culiarly happy and ipessaVe, coming as
it did from such a source. He also intro
duced some memorials handed to him by
the venerable Judge Gannt, now in his
77th year, who had, after maturely con-'
.idermtg the matter, come to this concla
sion, "that idleness is the fruitful-source of'
intemperance." lie stated how' halo and
happy this venerable patriarch was, stsnd
tng as it were between two-gnertinIs,
reaping the fruits of the precepspfeinius
try anid temperance,-and poied they@eth
to him as an eranple wortby'ofiitton.
For the Rum-seller he'had ,word alsoT
a solemn warniggi waring of the per
nicious consequences ~to himnself, and to
his famail.' Hestated that. he recolleced.
but one nstantce, in thte 'history' of 'is
town for the past thirty year., where the
Rum-seller had retired from the busmuess