Newspaper Page Text
-.-"we will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUME 11. E&gefiel Court douse, 8. C2. Apr l 184. N. 1
. EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
-.Two Dollars and Fifty Cents, per annum,
.fpaid in adeance-Three Dollars if not paid
before the expiration of Six Months from the
date of Subscription-and Pour Dollars if not
. tid within twelve Months. Subscribers out
*ifthe-State are requited to pay in advance.
' 14o imbscription received for less than one,
,ar/and no paper discontinued until all ar
seaages are paid, .except at the option of the
Al~ subscriptions will be continued unless
otherwise ordered before the expiration of the
Any person procuring five Subscribers and
ecoming responsible for the same, shal re
eive the sixth copy gratis.
4daertiscments conspicuouwly inserted at
26A ceuts per square. (12 lines, orless,) for the
sratinseruton, and 434 cents. for each continn
-ance. ihoss published Monthly, for quarterly
-willtibacharged $1 per square for cacti inser
.tilinf dvertisements not having the number
uofjnsertions marked on them, will be contin
uned until ordered out, and charged accord
;.;Ar Job work done for persons living at a
cdiktace, must be paid for at the time the work
- Aadone, or the payment secured in th village.
All ebmmunications addressed to the Editor.
ost paid, will be promptly and strictly attend
r HE uhscribers have formed a partner.
,U ship in the practice of Law tin Eduieficld
Diet*ct.' Offico-near Goodman's Hotel.
sue :. J. TERtfY.
L December 23. 1843 tf 48
- LAW NOTICE.
T BE-undersigned have turmed a counox
ion in the Practice of LAW. for the
Districts of Edgetield and Turnwell, S. C.
. Office in Haubuirg, corner Centre and fi1er
cer-streets. 31 Gi AY.
TiOS. G. KEY.
Hamburg. Feb. 14. 144. :3m1 4
HE subscribers have a~ssciated them
selves in tie Practise "f'I JEmcisNE. Mm.
:wFERY, and SURGERY. in lsdgefield District
tinder the firm ofJenuings &.Keith
W D. JENNINGS,
T. F. KEITH.
March 27 if 9
ALL persons indebted to the estate of G. F.
RUsTOr. deceased. are requested toy come
forwvard and settle their acconmtis, as:d thus.
having demands against said estate, are solicit
ed to presert their accounts, legally attested.
W. N. A OORE, Executor.
March 27 tf 9
HE Co-partuershtip heretofore existing
between Drs. T,:Aaua & JEsvisas. was
dissolved by mutual cons"nt. on the first day of
January last. Persons indebted to the firm.
are respectfully requested to cote forward and
settle their accounts. by note or otherwise.
A G. TEAGUE,
W. D. JENNINGS.
March 27 tf 9
D ABBEY. Saddler and fyarncss Maker.
. has removed his establishment to the
Store adjoining B. J. Rtyan's Grocery, whert.
he will be thankful for all favors in His line of
Jan 10 tf 50
-i1 pes. PAPER HANGINGS.
10 new styles, and at low pri
ees. Just received by
JOHN0. B FORD.
Hamburg, Feb.20 t f 4
China. Crockery, etc
A GENERA L assortment of CH INA.
1.CROCKE RY, atd GLA SS WA RE. con'
sisting ofcommnon and fine Teas Plates. Bowls.
Pitchers, Dishes. Ewers and Basins; granite.
and China Tea settst Tumblers, Wine Glas
sea, Decanters. Lamps, Salts, Crnets. &c. &c.
for sale by H A. KEN RICK.
. Hamburg, Novr. 25 44
- Paints & Oils.
O LBS. Extra and No.1I White
10 bbls. Train Oil,
10 " Liniseed Oil.
5 d Sutperior Lamtp Oil.
For sale by SIDLEY & URAPON.
Hamburg. Oct 25 tI' 40
2 S BRLS. Irish POTATOES, just re
ceived, and for sale by
H. A. KEN RICK.
Bamburg Mlarch 12. if 7
SILK, Gingham. aind Camtbric Umbrellas,
Just receivedl. a good assortla-nt, by'
JOHN 0. B. FORD.
Hamburg, Feb 20 tf 4
A NKEENS. by the care,
N50 bbis. N. 0. Mlolasses.
For sale by SIBLEY & CRAPON.
Hamburg Feb. 2'8 tf 6
4-4. 5-4, 6-4. and 12-4. brown andl
*s 4 bleached Shirtings and Sheettogs,
-Just received by
JOH N 0. B. FOR D.
Hamburg. Feb. 19 tf 4
. LAMP OIL.'
A 101ICE AIRTIC LE. for snle by
HI. A. KENRICK.
H-ambknr. Nov. 95 ' tif 14
1 00 BBLS. Canal FLOUR,
100 boxes new Raisins,
2 bags Altrmonds.
Just received and for sale by
SIBLEY & CRAPON.
Hamburr. Nov.25 tf 44
c'hoice ciitvisse'l Baltimore HAMS,
5 0. jusit r ceived, and fop sale by
. H. A. KENRICK.
Hamburg, Nov. 25 if 44
[CHI Satin atad-Chamelion Silk Sliawl',
Rand Cardinal, &c. &c. &c.
Just received by
JOHN O. B FORD.
Hamburg, Feb. 20 tf 4
9 CHOICE nga. cur, d HAMS, for
sale by H. A. KEN RICK
Hl bairz. Mlarch 12. if 7
..O B. FO RD,
IS now opening at his story in lamburg.
A gew'r'-! --sortuent of .stanle and !Fancy
Feh'rnarv 16 if 4
N1w pr'inIg Goods.
IS now receiving and wtil co':i'one to re
ceive all kinds of
of the latest and most flsh unable styles, suita
ble for the season. A large assortment of Ca
licoes and Printed Lawns, a good assortment of
Spring and Summer Goods for men's wear.
such as Black Drap d' E'ta Fancy Ribbed and
Plain, Brown and White Linen Drills, also
Fancy Ribbed and Plain Worsted and Cotton
Gamboons. Ves:iugs. .&c. 3-4 to Q-4 brown and
bleached Sitirtings and Sheetings, from 5 cents
up. A good supply of Ladies' and Gentleoaen's
Sho's; also Fur, Vool and Palm Leaf Hats,
all of n hieh will be sold low for cash.
Hdambure, March 2:t. tf 91
Bland & Butler,
A RE now receiving and opening their usnal
spring & ummnaer Goods,
wich. with thir fma:r Mtork. renders their
ssortment complete. and to which they res
pect(nlly invite the attention of their etuttmers,
and the publick generally.
We will not pretend to entmerate articles:
Call and we will show them to you; ifyou do
out hy. it shall not he our lanit.
We would avuil ourselves of this opporatnity
o tender our sincere thanks to those who have
;u liberally patronized ns, and invite by a st ict
ttnatian to our busimess, and their intercat. a
ontinttance of that patronage.
birch 27 if 9
S31 lE subscriber begs leave to inform his
, friends anti the community in general,
hat he is at this timo receiving and opening an
STOCK OF GOODS,
:onsi-ting in part of DOM ESTIC & FANCY
)RY GOODS. Hats Shoes. Bonnets, Hard
vare. Crockery Ware, Saddlrs.Bridles,Whips.
irocerir's. &.c. All of whichs articles he will
iffer on the rcry best tcrms his circumstances
md the ties will admit.
S. F. GOODE.
March 13 . tf 7
New Spriin & Summer
T H E Subscribers beg leave to announce to
their friends. cstomers, and the public
renerally that they have just received, and will
mt opening a splendid stock of new
spring 4 XIuumer f- oods,
which in addition to their forner stock. .% ill
etable them to show a beantiftl assortment of
Goods, selected with care. to snit the season
heir stock consisting. in part. as follows:
For. 1.AtnIts WEARt.
A good assortment of FANCY PRINTS, (ev
Gingthams, and Mournitng ditto.
iJnslin Ginghams. (new style,)
Rich Printed Lawns.
Blzrines (tiew and htanduome' stries )
Fancy shawls &,Ladies Cravats.
A general a~sortment of
hosiery, G~Ioves & Niitts.
Ditmity anid tichi worked .Ilustiti Cellars,
Cuardinal Capes, and large Nett Shawls',
New style Bonnaets & Ribbons.
FOn a WT.V.Mi' EN's wAR.
Linens, Drillings, Gambroons.
Mrino Cassimtres. Coitanuades, Nankeens,&c.
A good assortmneiit of
Fine white and hlack IIATS
Pal~n Leaf arnd Le'ahorn. for men anid boys.
DO.II3ES TIC GOOD8:
Brownt and bleached Shiitings and Stneetings,
eal Tickin~ts, Dia pere. &c.
Men's. Boys, and Childr, as SH OES,
Ladies fine' Slippers, a good1 assmtmeonts.
EHardwar'e & CuilIery,
CROCKE RY. .sCHOOL BOOKS. is
S T.- 7T1ON:A RY,
With many Goods too tedions to ennmnerate,
which wiill be offered ota ivorahie terms, to
cood customers. atnd .a reso.iable allowance
made for Cash.
PRESLEY & BRYAN
March 13 t 7
V j H E subscriber havim: entered into no"'
N.busineoss arrangemnents, is dlesirons of
closing nip his old buasiniess, antd respectinlly
rges upon those inadebted to him either by
note or acottnt, the necessity of an immediate
January 3 tf' 49
A l.L those indented to the Es'ato of
Islh am Carpa'nte'r, deceatted, arie re.
qired to tmake imtmediaite payment, and
thise havintg ditnands :against the Estate.
to presentt thorn uly attested.
JOllN lIILL, 0 F. D.
Feb.28 5 if
O7 The friends of George
POPE. Esuqr., anniotnnee hita as a candidate
for re-election, to the Oflice of Clerk of' the
Court of' this District.
DRUGS & YIEDICINES.
THE Subscriber keeps con
stantly en hand, a full and very
complete assortment ofthe most
choice FAMILY DRUGS and
Physicians, who are in prac.
ties, will find it to their interest
to call and examine; all articles
prepared by us are strictly ac
; ording to the Dispensatory,
and wrarranted to be such, so that
they mat he depended upon in practice, having
the long experience of Doctor Thomas J. 1ruy,
to superintend the husinesq, his name is a snili.
cien guarantee. for any thing that is veride
from this ,-stablihltent We have at all times
on hand, a full :ssortment of
Paints. Oils. & DyeS!tufis
Window Class. Perfumery. &c. Any thing
iurchaed in this concern will be promptly sent
to Hamburg.free of ecense.
Orders executed with the utmost attention
J E. MARSHA.L,
Successor to THOM A S J 1'RA .
At his old and well known stand. above
P. MlcGran's corner. Augusta, Geo.
Jun. 24 3m 52
Turner & Gunsmith,
4NNDUNcES to the Public, that he has
removed his establisihmetnt to his new shop
near thw ta, tat Church, whierc he is ready and
willing to execat( all kindsof
In Wood. rot. .ras, atd other letals.
Also, makes and repairs all kinds of
at the lowest praces. for CASH only.
He has tt present on hand, a large quantity
of BEDSTEAD POSTS, which lie will sell
low, for Cash.
As Materials have all to be paid for with cash.
and my business not being large enough to em
ploy a clerk. I have come to the determination
not t. credit any persson;-my clnargas being I
reasonable. and small accounts being harder to
collect than large on's. I itmpe those who pa
ttouis' meio, will not forget, upon sending for
tiwir jobs, to send the money, as I Khali. with
out respect to uuersonts. retain all work until I
teceive the cash. as I had better work for half
the amnaum tash, than never to be able to col
lect wti:t I earn, or to lose more time running
after it. than at took to earn it.
Q(L All those indebted to me, are requested
to call :nd pay theit anconnts, as I amo ill want
of money and must have it. This will be the
iarch 6 im 6
T HE Subscriber respectfully informs his
friends and the public generally, that he
offers for ,ale. at the briek store formerly occu
pied by Messrs. Sibley & Crapon. nearly op
posite Mr. James Hltbard's Hotel, a large
and general assortment of GROCEIIIES, par
ticnlarly adapted to the wants of families, con
sisting it part of
New Orleans, Porto Rico, and St Croix
unmp lont crushed & powdered Sugars,
Cluba, Rio and Java COFFEE.
Bark. Ilyson, gunpowder and Imperial
West India and New Orleans Molnsscs.
Hull's Patent Candles, 4s, 5s. & 6s
Sperm . do. 4s,5i, & 6q
Canal Flour. in whole and half barrels,
6 casks primt: Goshen Cheese,
20 boxes do. ds. do,
Buckwheat in 1-4 and 18 barrels,
Pickles in 1-2gal. jars, qts. and pints,
Tomato Ketchup do. do.
Walnutt do. do:. .:.do.
50 sasks Liverpool Salt. (bleached sacks,)
50 boxes Table do. (a fine articlej
25 brls. Irisi Potatoes (Roan)
2 tierces Onions. (red and silverskin,)
Bar soap, shaving soap. cotton cards, wool
cards. pails. buckets, tubs, keelers, piggins. ii
ditto. madder copperas. rice, lard, cloconlate,
Baker's cocoa. cocoa paste, Goshen butter. so
dia biscit, remon biscuit, pice e crackers. wa
tea crackers. butter crackers. pilot bread, al.
nonds, currants, citron, cloves. ntmegs. mace.
cimnnmaon,. pepper, sptee. ginger, sago, pearl
Barley. mniccaroni. vemnuicli. cttpens, umtstard,
starcht, West Iadia and Atnerican p'resrves.
Pesons visiting Hamburg. itre respectftully
requested to call and exaimine for thetmselves.
H. A. KE'NiiK
hlambuirg, Nnvr. 25 . tf 44
Water Proof, & No Mistake,
H, L. JEFFERS & cor
wantutlSf & eEN4ERAL CoaMtlSStON
MlERC HANTS.-HIA MBURG, S. C.
B EG heave to inform their frienids. and the
pubilic generally, their NE W WfA TE R
PFt X00 WI A RE HOUS$, with large conaves
tiient close Stores attached, is now completed
iad ready for the raeeption of
Cotton, Mecrchuandise1 &c.
It is saniated on thie prancipial street lending
into the business part of the town. fouar feet
above the highest water mark by actual survey.
entirely remote from all other buildings, which
rentders it fire-proof. anid convenienmtly smtnated
for loading anud unloading wagons.
They are now permanenitly located 'm this
place, arnd pledged not to speculate in Cotton
on their own accoulnt, biut to give their undivi
ded attention to the initerest of their cutomters,
and are fully pre.pared to attend to the Sale,
Storing and Shipping. of
t.otioP riour, Dacon1 &C.
Ikecciring a,.a r orwarding M E R. H A ND IS E.
Punr~hasmng Goods to order, 8cc. arc.
Their charges will he as f.llows:-For sel
ling Cotton 25 cents~ per bale; Shipping do,
124 cents per bale. Comtmissione for buying or
selling Merchandise amid Produce 24 per cent.
Forwvardingp ant Storage, in accordance with
the established rates. All Cotto~n. Flour, &c.
received by the riverfree from wharfago. Lt.
heral advanuces will be made when reqtuired,
on anty consignments made to themi
Hamburg, Septr. 9if 33
B LACK arnd bltue black Grns. de Royal;
P'oult de Snie; and Gros. de Grain
.-ILKS ; plain,. stripe, and fig'dJ. do; rich
r-atin stripe G'ros. de Paris do; Plaid do. All
tew puttertns, and just received by.
JOHN 0. B. FORD.
H ambur.. Feb7tf 4
I Premium Freatise-$ 100,
T H E AMERICAN PROTESTANT SO
CIETY offe-s $100 for the best original
Treatise on the "Influence, bearing and afcts
of Romanisma on lie civil and religious liberties
of our countr; to consist of not less than one
hundred pages, limo, to be furnished by the
first of May next the Society to have the li
berty of using, at a fair compensation, those
Treatises worth' of publication, that may not
receive the premum.
The Rer. Gadiner Spring, D. D.. Rev.
Thomas De Wit, D. D., and Rev. Thomas E.
Bond. will awari the premium. to whom the
manuscnpts, wih a sealed envelop of the au
thor's name, mar be addressed at this office.
H EMAN NORTON,
Cor. Sec. of tie A P. S., 142 Nassau-st.
New York, Fib. 18, 1844.
mar 27 tf 9
Ten Dollars Reward.
R ANA WAX on the night of the 21st inst.
my black toy MOSES. about 27 or 28
years of age, 0lnnt 5 feet 7 or 8 inches high,
very black: oneof his fore teeth is ont or broke
off. He ranaway in the last part of January,
and was taken ip in Augusta; at that time he
had a pass. sigied "Samuel Log," which was
given to him bysome person unknown. and it
is presumed he ins one at this time, with him.
Any person takng up said Negro and placing
him in Jail, so tint I get him again, shall receive
the above rewaid, and if brought home all rea
sonable exponss will be paid.
13 miles from Edgefield C. H.. on the
Mart.h 27 3t 9
UT The Aulusta Constitntionalist. Hamni
hurr Journal ani Charleston Mercury will give
the above three insertions, and forward their
Lccount to this .f1ice.
TRAYED fiom the Subscriber, on Mon.
p day the 4thinst.. two COLTS, oue a sur
rel Filly, with ablaze lace, two years old this
spring. The otiler a brown bay Horse colt.
six or seyen moriths old, with a star in his itce.
Any ierson kuoving or hearing any thing of
said Colts, will please advise the subscriber.
living on the Fire Notched road, five miles
below Turkey Creek, throngh the medium of
Longmnires Post ')fice, Edgefield District, will
be thankfully revarded, and if the Colts are
brought home, allreasonable expences will be
(paid. ABRAM ADAMS.
Marcia 20 3t" 8
BOOTS AND SHOES.
T HE subscriber would respectfully inform
his frietas and the public, generally,
that he will continue to manufacture BOOTS
and SHOES, in the newest and most fashiona.
ble style, at the old stand, next door to Messrs.
Frazier & Addison.
Hlaving jnst received a lot of Gentlemen's
course and tine BOOTS. also. dens. Womens,
Misses and Childress SHOES, he has now on
hand the most complete assortment ever offer
ed for sale in this market. All work warranted
E. C. REM ER.
:|arch:20 tf 8
H1E Subscriher takes pleasure in inform
T ing the public, that he hts succeeded in
engaging the services of an experienced Miller
for the ensning year. and having his l ills in
thoronzh repair. is prepared to do any quan
tity of grinding grain at the shortest notice.
Persons having Wheat, and wishing superior
lonr made from it, are invited to give him a
call. His terms are the tenth.
S W NICHOLSON.
Dec 5, 1843 tint 49
T 11 E subscriber til continne., at his esfab
li-hmem on the tiDnE. to maliiufa-ture
(ins of a superiorqu:ality. His Gins are made
of the very best matiri- Is, and for workmanship
and service will he found equal to any in the
Repairing in all its branches will be faithfully
performed at moderate charges.
Orders addressed to the stabseuiber, at the
Ridge, will be promaptly attended to.
B. T'. BOATWIUGIIT.
March 13. - &8 7
WTE hereby forwarn nall persons not to
VTtrade for a note of hand given by
the subscribers for two hundred eud fifty
dollars, payable to James Rushion or
bearer, on or near the first dny of January
1845, and dated the 22d of Nov. 1842. The
considferatioan ofthe above note having to
tally failed, we are dleterminted not to pay
tile samte unless compelled by law.
Signed, THOMAS SMITH,
Feb.28 6 tf
State of South 4 arOilna,
Gertrutde Riley, & Sophita
Ma. Sawyer. vs..
George V. Sawyer, Wil. (Bill for Partition
liam Padget. et a-l.)
IT'1 appearing to the satisfactioafor the
IConmmissioner, thsat John HI. Allen and Joi
cy his wife. defenadanats in thissnit, reside wvith
ont tis State: On motion, by Mr. Wardlaw,.
Complaitianta' Solicitor, ordered,thiat te above
named Defendants, do plead, answer or demur,
to the Comnplaitnnts' said- bill, within three
months from the publiention hereof, or the said
bill will be taken pro conafesso against them.
5, 5. TOM PKINS, c. E.E. D.
Comamissionler's Offee, Feb. 28, 1844.
Feb.28 3m 5
MRs. MOURNING MATH!S, litng
LIabout two miles above Col. Towles'
planctation, uear the irk of the old Cambridge
and Island Ford roads, tolls before me, a small
brown bay mare MU LE, stupposed to be be
tweetn fifteetn and twenaty years old, blind in the
le'ft eye, and qutite grey in the forehead, wvith
considerable mark of the gear ,A ppriaised at fif
teen daillais by sworn appraisers, March thae
ROBT. BRYAN. Magistrata.
Mairch 6 lam4t* 6
From the Courier.
The Spring! the Spring! the blihgtsome
With shrubs, and flowers. and mock bird's,
That thrills the wood with merry ring,
And jasamine odours wide afloat;
And bursting buds, and springing grass,
That carpets oe'r sweet nature's face,
With emerald hnes that far surpass
The gem that glows with borrow'd grace;
And roses red, and violets blue.
And anemones. rich and rare,
And pinks of soft and varied hue.
And snow drops white, and lillies fair;
And cowslips bending o'er the stream.
And creeping nondescripts, that mount
The forest giant's wide spread limb,
And bell-cups hid besides the fount;
And woodbines twining wild and high,
And scented shrub, and blooming tree,
And rich peonies meet the eye,
And amaranth that's dear to me;
And hyacintb of varied bloom,
And honey-suckle, odonr'd sweet,
And hawthorn flowers, dispelling gloom,
Are widely spread, the sense to meet;
And lark that mounting trills his air,
High in the air of you blue heaven:
And blue bird's chant that's soft and ciear,
1 And whiporwill that hails the even;
And blue jays, diest in heaven's attire,
And nonpareils, of plumage gay.
And red birds, mantled o'er with fire.
And thrush, that meets the morning ray;
And rabin, seeking where to place
His nestling home. from rude boys free;
And doves, a loving, timerous race.
That mourn their mates with constancy ;
And sea side birds, so sweetly sung,
As screaming o'er their nestled brood,
By him whose notes are freely flung
O'er hill, and stream, and swelling flood;
And gales that take the slumbering sense
of nature's children, far and wide,
And breathe a feeling pure, intense,
Toward him who all these goods supplied,
Has enme to swell our grateful tide,*
To Him who rolls the seasons rouind,
Whose bounties are as nature wide
Whose love knows.neither stint nor bound.
'The spring tide of the heart's affections.
From the Courier
A FUTURE STATE:
'hrre is an'other, bettor world,
Faith opens all its portals wide,
There sorrow's flair is ne'er unfinrl'd,
But Peace, and Truth, and Love abide.
Hope spread her blossoms to the eye.
That's calmly raised to that pure home;
And gathers Flowers that never die,
Anl garners fruits for days to come.
Children their long lost parents grasp,
Ani Parents welcome Children there;
Husbands their Wives in chasteness clasp,
And Wives with Husbands glory share.
There Fathers, Mothers, Brothers meet,
And sisters hail onr blest return;
Friends gather round with cordial greet,
And foes their hate in Love inurn.
The trembhling hand. the longz dim'd eye,
itsq tremors loose, its scaled shall cast :
The silent Tongue new accents try.
The deaf'ned ear pure sounds shall tast&
There s'ouls. the tnnseen' hand of fate,
Hath sever'd !ong, and sunder'd wide,
in -weet and lasting union meret.
To dwell -in love, in truth abide
There sins! forgiven, and fends forgot,
Th'y children, f'ather! swell thy praise.
With sounds surpassing organs note,
From cheerlul voice, in sweet amaze.
Come quick the year, the day, the honr,
When carth recedes,-bright Heaven's re
They wait thy word All Moving Power,
By these the g lorions vision' aseal'd. -P.
Mar ch 30th, 18144.
Under this title we have received the
first number of a rnew paper just issued
at Boston, Mlassachusetts.. it is to he de-.
voted to th~e interest of- the producing
classes-h~e farmers and mechanics. If
this first number is a specimen of those
that are to followv, the paper cannot fail to
hecome a popular one, and'of iienefit to
the community where it will liave a grea
ter circulation.. Tihongb iptiated at a
great distance from. us, thel matter of the
paper wi-l be interesting in"'this portion of
the Union as in any other. :The price is
remarkably law, considering the neat me
chanical execution of the sheet, which is
printed on large and handsome type. THe
price is $1 50 per annum.
We copy the followving article frein the
"Agricudture. -The interests of Agri
culture magnify in importancq .in what
ever light we view them;; wh6ether we
constder its relationi to other br *nches .of
indusetry, the number of ind~id nals eraga
ged in it, or the capital.Employei. It may
be said, and truly, it is that. whichbg'vet
value to labor and life to trade; ..Ilies at
the basis of our prosperity as-a. Dations
Without it commerce would fail maju-_
factures cease, trade die, and desolaioafill
Three fourths of our entire. population
are engaged- in it, with an invented capital.
of not less than $12,000,000;e U.-S.
include within- her.ierritorysoiething like
2,300,000 square .milesh ofjsoinil of tihe
richest and most fertile soil onthesglobe.
In what estimation then, -shall-this dnter
est be held I Sui'ely,ithis-should tratLbe
sacrificed that others-may be attendeditor
or beneftted. -\Butr ihis cannct ba df the
ofacturer must sutler. and -in -the end the
country must: be. the greatest suferer of
"7Trad.-=Wbat is trade ? :The <ex
change of one, article-or conmmodity for
another.- It is not to be supposed-that
one individual can himself produce allithe
articles necessary for his consumption.and
comfort.;-but be maybe the creator.,df
value more than sufficient for the. satisfa
tion of .all - his- wants. The .farmer-we
will suppose, produces grain - . He-has
enough for the consumption-of his.famnily,
and a large quantity remaining..A .neigh
bor has meat, but no-grain. .-They.ez
change prodiace and both have mealt as
well as grain.- Again, they - both - want
shoes, and hats and-houses, so they ex
change their respective products with the -
shoemaker, the hiatter, and the carpenter,,.
in order to procure the satisfaction of their
wauts. This is the simplest form of trade.
ind most advantageous-to the parties con
cerned. since they themselves ;enjoy the
entire benefits resulting..
"But the farmer may not always-read
ily find a shoemaker. for instaice :who
would be willing to exchange biss0eairfor
grain, as-he may already have enough:
The farmer, then, may exchange his grain
with the hatter, and the hats whieh.he:re- -
ceives with the shoemaker for the shoes by
wanted. Here a double exchange takes
place, and.the sande process May- be.eoa
tinued almost indefinitely, .eachkjproduct
passing through various hands befilat
rives at the final consimer. Bti:astbia'l
process is- tedious and inconvenieniila
other method is resorted. to in ordet. todi= -
cilitute the exchange of products, and pro
cure the satisfaction of humanrwa-st ;
"A medium of exchange,.called -money, -
is introduced, not-themere representativ
of value, as some haW esupposed,but-value? -
itself, and, in most senses, nacominodityas.
any other article of productiou. Tbis me
dium of exchauge; or money, poisesses:iuf
itself an intrinsic, consequently. a perma
nent value, as gold or silvei- 1hen,+agaiin
every article of production has 'its:-price,
which is the arnourit of value. in money,
which it will bring in the ma'rket.,l-u:
some third person is. wanted to conduct
the exchange of products througii-ibis 'me
ium. And here we discover the proy
ince of the trader or the merchant. One
individual brings him graiunhich he; ex
changes for meat, molasse9, sugar, cloth!;
or. if none of these are wanted, for an equat".
value iv money. But as the-trader is -in
no sense a producer. and as he must in.
some way live, he must derive a profit
from this process'f ,exchanging. This her
does by regulating his prices in such a
manner th'atbe. may receive a greater
value than he gives in:, every exchange.
We will suppose that his profits. derived
in this way tare twenty per cent. Ofev
ery five bushels of grain. then, tiat passeu
through his hands, he reserves one to him
self; of every five-pounds of meat,-one
his; and so on of the rest.
"What, then, is the trtie position- of-did
merchant dir traderi Simply that oi ain
agent. The farmerkand the'tsiechaoio
produce values, to 6ehange M-iieh theyf
employ the. irader.~ . The tr'ader piroduces
no value ; th'e profits ie 'recetvosiare.ta
ken from the products of others gnd'.thbd
wealth he amasses is the. fruithof their-roil.
We do-not say that'these preifliuare,,of
necessity, taken unustly. The agent us
facihitating the imterchange ofcommrnoditites ~.
between -manr and~ man is worthyzof a re
ward for his servicegstx ini- shottld not
assutme a false postitid- either-in th. esti
matiotrof others orof- himself. lf-sqperi.
ority belongs to eibter, it brelongs ot ight
to the farmer and .thieeelamc'-to .the
producers, not those emprloyed by uhism,fcv
exchange -the producia of their Iati-.
But 'ye claim superiority for none- rhe
various partsu of the coniaunily arf nat
urally dependent-v their interests..are to a
great extent interwoven; though it must
still remain a fact that production. is more .
exclusively the provincee of. one class thani
anut her. . Let this be constantly bioroe in
mind, and matny false notions prevo'ent ini
regard to this subject will speedi'y disap.
A good lato.-T he Ijegisla.ue Notaas.
machusetis at its ret.m stioassed a
law autheizing i.'tieiraabe to be aden
the lives of m':rried mes for the benefit of
their wives an'd dhildren. whictissaurance,
if it be eo expressed, shall-ensure to th-e
separate use and benefit of the-.wifoetd
childt-en, against all cred'dors. The'law
also authorizes insurance by one mnan on
the life of another for thbe benefit ofaliird.
party whiich is also secured against credi.
tors-. - .- -
persons belonging to theM~ill ritoyermua.
sioni were baptisedint :jhe. Oelane, at
Camdnnav during thne nstr...