Newspaper Page Text
~tr tatIherait 4~~ra3pled t~D Wwn t
'the a policy so mean;
and & ,mii?' They will not.
The following characteristic letter of the
Honorabte Dixon H. Lewis, was ytaep
to a:;communication from a gentleman m
WAsBII(GTON CITr, *eb:;14,1844.
My Drar Sir :.tlai indebted to you
forwo letters, oeetij"rneeting of Con
gress-the st'.containing a copy of the
eQressiogf'ihe individual opinion of the
members oftheTexan Congress in favor
of anneuaioti I have so far not writen
to youbecause there has been here as yet,
no denouement of the question-we, who
have felt anxiously on the subject, having
.*been hoping a movement from your Cony
gress, which would present a practical-is
'ue, from which the mere politicians could
not escape, or some action on the part of.
the Executive whowe all- know, has his
heart-deeply in the- result. The strong
intdrdst both of-Clay and Van Buren, as
theirnlose friends suppose-is not to med
dle wiih'a question, the strength of which
has neveijibeen- tested-lest its explosive
power might blow them, both sky high.
Better frieids -of Texas than either of
them can easily he found,-and hence they
have a common interest in staving of the
issue, though if it is forced on them, I have
no doubt either of them could be driven
into a support of the-:i easure. In this
state of the game, we has felt the diffm
culty of moving on the abstract question in
the absence of any tangible.issue, present
ed either by the official action of the Texas
Congress or through the diplomatic inter
course of the two Governments. Such a
move might be stifled by the cry of being
got up for party purposes, sinister -.@ c
advancement of both ('-- . Van Bu
ien. 4 blic mind is gradually
--bringing up the question in spite of p..lii
cians; and without some reasonable ground
to hope for soime definite movement such
as I before indicated before Congress ad
journs, the naked issue of annexation cnn
not longer be delayed. If no one~ more
suitable, I will move it myself-for I shall
never cease to remember with pride; that
I was the first mat who ever in Congress
expressed himself in favor of Texan inlde-.
pendence, and Waddy Thompson often
reminds me that he and I were the flst
men who passed through the tellers, when
the vote was given for recognition by our
Government. Whenever the game is fairy
up and the chase opened, I have no fears
of the result of annexation. Popular sym
pathy, whenever it is uncontaminated by
t abolition or British influence, will sweep
with a whirlwind's rage the calculating
politicians who-dare oppose-it. I have no
- doubt it would prove even stronger than
Clay and.fan Buren both united: To the
North it is a question of interest, to the
Westione of feeling; while to the down
trodden, tariff-ridden, and abolition he.
devilled-South, it is a question of existence.
Jaet the-issue of annexation be once ren
dered doubtful, and the instinct of self
preservation would convince them that
their hops of safety were stronger on the
other side of the Sabine than of the Dela
ware. I send you by to day's mail a pamph
let copy of -Walker's admirable essay in
favor of annexalion.
I have to day given to Lewis Coryell,
of Pennsylvania, a warm hearted friend to
Texas, -.a ,letter of introduction to you,
whichj. h4 you will receive. He will
tell fiife how matters stand here on
that oinistig Vhy do not the people of
Texas meet together and agitate the gnes
tion-fEAt~eraean over British annexation,
and liounite-their public functinories into
an acquiescatge with their views ? Every
thing~of.that'4iind would do good. E xcuse
thisphb~iy letter, which you are at liberty
to uise in any manner which will promote
* the cause. I go for annexation heart and
soul and as one-I feel that I am not wil
ling frcibly to be kept severejl from you,
by the influence of those whose sympathies
are more in favor of our slaves thtan the
whites ofjjhe-South or Texas.
- DIXON HI. LEWIS.
,'rom ?lze Chaorleston Courier.
Rtssrs Editors.-A erisis is at handi.
The imumediate dunexa t'oo of Texassio the
tha .-noequsinfdeeper interest
tatieore terrioretotension of sthe
-. -Republid." Mr. Ingersoll has well said in
Chis. patniotic and able report, the 'question
isnot-heher we shall keep faiwh wvith
M~ext ebt whether w*e shall stifer n
traa~i ,tie power to foment hostilities
* belen Texas and .Mexico jor an itndehi
niteftims ' He mig jgmva gone rurther,
and, dhether weblisuffer the same
tran~ 'powil to intrfere with otur
prvai ~le.to revile our domestic in
stitutosen opetnly- avow,- without
rejir a de ined hostility-to. them ?
If the apirit ofour fathers has not depar~
ted 'wne -wotlnot.' Onkthe-subject of the
annexatio of Tlexas,Weico hias 'some
rilito interiiose-her-chaitn ; anad ii is cer
tat~. that this. Government. is -disposed to
-nterleim those claims-.iwith 4the respec~t
which s due ufe neigh~ci-ing. Republic,
hete Gwhich and" this there.. existgthe
roetstaenilyrelations--relations whielt 1
is our policy to preserve and :perpernate.
Good fai,therefore, whth Mexico; we all
desire to mintain; and it is gratifying to:
* learn that-thfegGoveinmmnt -baa 5preferred
iso chaims, iiiher have withdj'aw all ob
*jctons to the streaty of annexation. now
before the Shinate. The objectionis, there .
ore, urged- bfr. Clay and Mr. Van
~ ~Bren bein gretioved, it is to be hoped
hth S'at wiill act promptlgy and
}~iut wi~ta endemocat ivill unite ini an
unanimou ratification of one- of-the most
importaint treatis ever ainrnitied to that
body. The imnpertinent interference of
- ' 'reat Britain should mheet with a pom pt
-efroof;'and if any .independen ,gator
a~ tr on that account, let iims bdeenied
si1eeatO ihergreat principles of rieo.
*:.J'Y~ttD~b he hitghien appointedt trepre
Ifr.ttmatters not whether:Texas be.
44 toihe extinction of slavery' &
'r(N~tlitter~otwhether African ser~
-v~~d~ia~ oalpr2moral evil than the
Hindosis td'ti ions which
hbelote 1 . iin which they
-e'xist; and'- 6Mell submit' to
Geat Brii ~ll in alh the Ameri
cn-polieffa tlii-i e i~ however,
iade the issti and-i~ea~i s coun.
tifione and alli i ad delornt, to
tbrgetiheir poliieeldarcn a none
iigtgnant reproof ofrtia egerncy
Se:desire none.of herstilemghyporit
icalsympaihies for a race whom ihe no
longer enslaves, because .hy.tunterfere
with the labor 6f her national ;plantations
in lidia. When eheould.sl dcocodile
tears over African degraidaion let her'turn
to China and theregulistituteherpbilan
throphy for her tyranny. Let her remem
ber the 23d of Deceiber aiid the -thi of
January, when she would awaken in. the
wilderness another. JAGKSON.g
Correspondenses the Charleston-Patriot.
WASHINGTON, May 2.
The Senate was not inisession to day,
most of its members having migrated to
In the House. a groat number of reports
were received from Committees.
Mr. Ingersoll, from the Committee on
Foreign Affairs, reported a resolution re
questing the President to intercede with
the British Government for the liheration
of the American prisoners now confined at
Van Dieman's Land. It was adopted.
There can be but little doubt as to the suc
cess of the intercession.
A bill was reported frot -the Committee
on Public Lauds, authorizing-the issue of
scrip in exchange for Military Land War
rants- This being an -important matter,
ten thousand extra copies oftthe accompa
nying report was ordered to be printed.
The Senate hill reducing and regula
ting the rates of postage, was read twice
It is asserted to day upon respectable
authority that Mexico will accede to the
propohin made to her for the relinquish
,ia'nt of all claims upon Texas; also, that
the best understanding exists between Al
monte and the Stato Department. It is
likewise said that 1r. Calhoun states that
Mr. Packenham is the only obstacle in the
way. This seems improbable, but I give
it as the current report.
Another rumor is tltt a special messen
ger has been despatched to Gen. Cass to
knnw if he will accept the Democratic
Nomination for President, in case Van
Btren shall resign.
The Whigs are sadly annoyed at' the
unusual and almost unpronotneahle name
of their candidate for the Vice Presidency.
Any why they can 'fix it' Frelinghneen
cannot he pronounced in a hurry. ut
.hman ingenuity will accomplish almost
any thing, for I find that the name has
already been sliced down into 'Fry.' So
instead of 'Tip and Ty' the battle cry of
the Whigs for the coming campaign- will
be 'Clay and Fry.'
The Senate met this morning, but, as
most of-its members were absent, no busi
ness of importance was transacted.
In the, House, notice was given by Mr.
J. R. Ingersoll, of the following hills:
A bill to prevent the public execution of
criminals under the laws of the U. S.
A hill to confer on U. S. Consuls resi
dent in British Ports. jurisdiction in con
troversy between American citizens.
A bill to facilitate the proof of the mar
riage of persons claiming to he widows of
officers ard soldiers of ite Revolution.
A bill to abolish custom house oaths.
Itis said that Almonte is about to pith
lish a statement to the effect, that 'Mexico
will relinquish all claims upon Texas in
:ousideration of the terms proposed.
It is rumored that a letter has reached
his city from Gen. Cass, in which he con
tents to accept the nomination for Presi
dent, in case Van Butreu shall withdraw.
The Senate was not in session to day,
having adjourned to Monday.
Ita the llouse, an utnfavorable report was
made by Mr. Rhett, frn the Committee
an Ways and Means, on a memorial from
Lhe Colonization Society of this District,
sking an appropriation of $.59,000 for the
purchase of 300 miles of additional terti
ry for the Colony at Liheria. The re
port takes the ground that Congress does
.moi possess the cotnstitutional nower to
make sucht an appropriation; and if it did,
hat it would he inexpedient to exercise it.
Several private matters having been dis
osed of, the Ilonse went itnto Committee
f the Whole, and resumed the considlera
ion or the tarif' bill. Very few members
It is said that 3Mr. Brinkenhioff, of Ohio,
who wenL home sick has recently died.
If this be true, no legislative business wil
b transaeted on Monday.
The Select Committee on the ease of
Senator Niles, htave had several meetings
-they have called in the aid of several
istinguished medical gentlemen. A re
port is expected early next week.
From many indications it is doubted
'shether Mr. Vatn Bnretn will be the nom
inee of the Convention. Since the appeur
tane of. his Texas letter, the.Democratic
party are6:fraid they cannot conceutrate
he whole of their strength upon him..
Tute letter of Mr. Clay, declining to at
end to anty further invitations is approved
y his friends. If Harrison bad taken the
aine care of himseif, his health would not
aave been prostrated.
.-Wo had strawberries in our market thtis
rorning, for the first time. They w.ere
told atia dollar-.per quart. My6
Sin the Senate this morning, there wvere
jetitions from various quarters against the
tne'ation of. Texas, or any modification
rthe tarifT. '
Numeroun eports were then made from
Cotmitees but they were of a private
tad local chairs-ater.
Trhelill g~nting lanid to Indiana for the
~omletion of -the Wabash and .Erie
Canal, and the bill applying certain alter
ste sections of land for works of internal
improvement in Michigan, were takeliup
ad ordered to be engrossed'
The hill making approprtatton -for .the
ontiuuation of the Cumberland Road
hrough.the States of illinots,,Ohio, and
Idiana, was then taken up,; andt after
iebto..by a vote of 23 to 12, ordered to
Ti:Senate next took up the btll to
compfntate the officers and crews of the
U. S. vessels- for losses sustained by una
voidable sliipiyeck. -
A fter Aehite, a motion jo go tnto Ex
ecutive sesion was mahbr'and carre.,e
In the House assaoon as die jonbln
was rend, Mdr; Adams roise under great,
Y " - f - ...i
:- a!ptry tbereon 'respetir "a
'conimuniscatn from tie StateD art=
meat inens wei to a resolution askij gif
there are not gross errori the compula
tion of the.6th census.
lr. A,.was the author of the resoluiton,
and contenided thatthere is a gross error
in that portion of the census which tgives
the proportion of insanescolored person's
a the free;States -
The report from the Secretary of Stite'
sets forth, that no gross error have been.
This answer not being satisfactory to
Mr. A., he moved to strike 'out that state
ment from the journal.
After some debate of an irregular char
beter, the motion was rejected.
Mr. Saunders, from the Select Commit
tee on the case of Messrs. White & Rath
bun, made a report in part, embracing the
evidence of 34 witnesses who were exam
ined. The Committee also made a report
on the case of Moore. the man who fired
the pistol. The report on the case was
accompanied by a resolution to the effect
that Moore be delivered over to the civil
authorities of the District.
They came to this conclusion, from the
fact, that in accordance with a decision of
the Supreme Court, the House possesses
no power to punish except by imprison
ment, and that only to the end of a session.
After some discussion, the above resolu
tion was adopted, and Moore was handed
over to a constable. He will now have a
full and fair trial at the Court of Sessions.
Mr. White, after a speech on the facts
of his case, moved to recommit the report
of the Committee relative to it, with in
strtict ons to report on the tones of voice
in which he spoke to Mr. Rathbun, and
which led to the blow from the latter.
This motion was finally modified so as
to omit the instructions.
The debate was then continued for some
hours with considerable warmth by Mes
srs. White, Cave Johnson, Hale, Schenck,
Finally, the whole matter was postpon
ed till Tuesday week, and tbe testimony
ordered to be printed. -
The House then went into Committee
on the tariff bill.
Mr. Duncan madea speech, after which
the Committees rose and the House-ad
Mr. Spencer has left the city. It is said
he went off t a very angry state of feel
Mr. Clay attended the 4th St. Presby
terian Church yesterday. He sat on one
side of the pulpit and Mr. Benton on the
In the Senate this morning, Mr Dixon
H. Lewis presented himself, was sworn.
and took his seat. - - "
As usual, there were numerous memo'
rials from various quarters,-both- fos and.
against the annexation of Texas. . Z
A memorial was presented frog.Tndi
ana, asking thr establishment of an Agi
cultural Institute, the -expenses trbe -de
frayed by the proceeds of.the -mitbtoian
Several bills heretofore ordered to be
engrossed, were taken up, passed, .and
sent to the House.
Among them were theji berlsila
Road bill and the hill. proi*i for the
remuneration of crews'of A merica vessels
in cases of unavoidable ship.wrek.
After the reception of numerous reports
from Committees, of a. private and local
character, the Senate rssumed the consid
eration of the tariff resolution relativeto
Mr. McDuffie's tariff bill.
Itn the Hlouse, the consideration of the
tariff bill was resumed in Committee of~
Messrs. Duncan, H ardin, Steevest Tib
bars, and others gave their views until a
late hotr-w hen the Committee rose and
The House then took a recess of two
hours, and met again at candle light,
when the consideration of the bill was once
more resumed, and the - debate continued.
till near midnight.
In accordance with a resolution, all de
bate wvill cease to morrow at two P. M.
Mr. Wise is still here. It appears that
ithe ship in which he has engaged .is pas
sage to Brazil, is waiting at Norfolk for a
Another Prophet-Painful Exhibition.
The last prophet which has arisen is one
Keyl, a German, said to be from Pit tabnrg,
who has taken tip his residence in Colum
biana .eounty, Ohio, and impionsly styles
himself"Christ," He has already a nm
er of followers. whom he calls his.witnes
ses. that he sends out to preach. It is
ted they have made great disturbandes in
Columbiana county, particularly ~in the
Rev H. Huet's congregation, (Lutheran or
German Reform.) On one occasion, Key'l
was presented and declared himself to be
"Christ,"1 that he had come to make prep
erations to judge the world, that no one
could touch his person without his permis
min, uttering denunciations againist all who
dared oppose him.-On another oqeauion
he requested all -who believed him to be
Christ to rise to. their feet. A majority'of
those present rose, an old lady among the
rest, who to give special evidence of her
faith, cried out "Thott art truly the Chris.
What a lamentable exhibitionof human
Englishmen on Americaa Scil-T ivo
gentlemen from England are about estab
lishing themselves at .St. Louis, where
risypurpose manufacturing, on an exten
ive scale, g ueena and procelain ware.
Earth for the co-nmon earthern ware, and
for the vessels in which the queen's ware
is hurtged, abounds in 'the .vicinity of St.
Louis.. -Prqcelain clay, equal to that used
in England. is found in several counties in
the state of Missouri.
It won't do-when'a motsejuit to bites your
face in'the night, to beat your own craniuto
in pieces with your 'fsetinder an impres
sinta yuare killing iie musquitto. i
indifferent to 'him because she studiously
avoids him in company.
a he Pittiel Sun descrilies a ease re
e i ecided in Berkshiki, nwhich Hen
rick -Eatland sued and claimed damages
(a 2? . 7m.
WENESDAY, MAY 15. 1844.
,'We will cling to the Pillars ofthe Temple~o)
our Libertes,and fit mustfall, we will Perisn
amidst the Ruins."
07? TheSecond Quarterly Meeting of the
Methodist Church of the Edgefield Circuit, will
be held at Edgefield C. H., commencing or
Thursday the 16th inst.
The request of the Editor of the. Hamburg
Journal shall be attended to in our next.
For the last fortnight the weather has beer
extremely warm and dry. We have had nc
rain in this neighborhood since the 28th it
and our gardens are literally burning up.
Wheat, Oats and all other small grain are suf
feringseverely from the dought, and unless w(
get a few refreshing showers shortly, we maj
expect short crops. Corn and Cotton, altho
not suffering to the same extent, would be the
better by a seasonable rain.
On Friday last the-unfortunate Daniel Deas
alias Graham, who was tried, found guilty ani
condemned at the last March Court, for the
murder of William Barefoot, was- executed.
He was guarded to the place of execution b3
Capt. C. A. Meigs' Company, and attendet
by the Rev. Messrs. A. McCain and J. Moore
who had previously waited on him whilst it
Prison. .At thescaffold Deas addressed th
crowd, which was large, in a yery low voice
he being -weak and depressed. In his address
he confessed that he and Abraham Hurt, -hi
(Des's) fatier-in-law, murdered Barefoot
he also acknbwleded the justness ofhis sentenct
At abot our minutes before. two o'clock, the
drop; fell, and thuaswas launched into eternity
one who had- assisted in depriving of life a fel.
low being, whom he. should have defended
from harm, he having brought him up from in
fapcy, as his step-father. Having been favored
with some sketches of Deas', life, and promised
others, froi gentlemen of veracity, we intend
to publish them shortly in pamphlet form.
Annezation Meeting.-Thecitizens ofOrange
burg Distrct, held a meeting on the 6th inst., tc
-take into consideration the; present relations of
the United States to Texas, and '.he position
assumed by the several candidates for the Presi
dency on the subject. at which the following
resolutions w ere adopted.;
"1. That in the opinion of this meeting,
the angexation of Texas to this Union is a
measure of the greatest magnitude, invol
ving the welfare ofour whole country, and
of vital importance to the Southern States.
"2. That our first choice for the Presi
dency is our distinguished countryman
JOHN C. CALHOUN: but of the th'ee
avowed candidates for that office, now before
the American people jous' T r tER is best
entitled to our confiddnee and support,"
UZT The Washingtods Correspondent of the
Charleston Mercury, nnder dat, of 4th inst.
says: "The discussion ithe Senate on the
anisezation Treaty is to be deferred for some
weeks, in compliance wvith the President's wish.
The Prident, and Mr. Calh'oun also. it is said,
hae hbpekthat intelligence will soon be rc.
eived from Mexico expressing her ass'ent to
the Treaty. That idea is however, ridicnled
The Chsrleston Mercuy of the 11th inst.,
nays: "We have nothing froem Washington yes
terday to change. the- asiect of affairs. The
Globe, in a -less bold, but not less mischievotns
tone, still pursues its couirse-determined ap
perently to wreiak the deret of Van Btiren on
the party. The questionof'annexation is daily
growing in importance, there as well as here."
f coatauascagdo as.]
To the Edit,of the Harifitrg Journal :
-Szu :ZWe regret extreiely that you shonld
think us wanting in "contesy" to you. We
supposed that .in our'~ilist piece we had
smficiently explaineld oddrasons for not fur.
ishin'g y -Wour ame. Unless you in
tend to'deal lit jerson(it'es, we cannot con.
:eeve what, possible usiif~ur name can bc to
you. Will you xphai 'Why 3 ou wish it ? If
von will, and your rea(nis sufficient, it shall
hefurnished youn." Y iem to think that our
rticles should Gruat .h j'qen published in the
"Journal." So farf iin any objections
to their being publwis in the Journal, we
would be highly grat sif it could be done
and wve particularly net that you will ptub.
lish our;last. In it b~e seen fully our rea
sons for not furnIsh) t c with our name, and
your motives, perha~ for finally answering
ourinterrogatories. t'rohrna" is not a "gal
lant knrght," but a lrn man, who cannot un
derstand why Sout Crolina- should vote for
Mir. Clay, and has tfreore applied to you for
information. He ~~proves of "breaking
lances." is oppoe to chivalry, arnd does not
ike to expose unneipessarily either his body or
his name as a target This being his temper,
you will. we are acre, excuse him ror remain
ing "sheltered." Thie trut a is, he has been
one of your constiftt readers, and he has, to
ften witnessed tdie suderings of the "Sanders
ville Telescope,'E to subject himself, volunta
rily. to -the polislL; land keen satire-the re
fined, but cauat'. wit of the "'Journal." As
you are now satifed'of my respectability, and
are "ever ready Jodivulge thle principles" of
your candidate, ~&hojie that there will be no
necessity for usi4 'ioces." Indeed, you arc
mistaken in sup ,pa we intended to have a
conti-oversy witl you. We did fear, we con
foss at one time im.e you did not appenr to
bei very ready to.Bivul the principles of your
"utmwith you as=-to tpiojrn fet'
answering- our questions,
Nohowever, that difculty beig tiovpdr
it wl 'he all plain sailing. W
to propound our interrogatorics astothe u*
ifications of your candidate, nod-'y is anw
them, and all will go on well-.
But to the subject before'us. We have al
ready stated that we ciold not suiort'Mr
Van Buren. The course offhidfriends ontle
Tariff, having, rendered it imposible Who
then must we support-? You answerfMr
Clay. .We'join you heartand hand, irlby
electing him, we can cay ottour priniples;
and with.that view we asked you what were
his principles? This seems to us fair and sen
sible. We will support him if he will battle
for our principies. If he -makes .war upon
them, why should we support hini 1, Whaf do
we gain ? Are the principles which-we advo
cate false-or is it a matter of no inprtance
upon what principles the governniIt is con
ducted? What are we. (you or ourself, or
South Carolina,) to gain by the-election of-Mr.
Clay unless he will carry out our principles?
Nothing-absolutely nothing! To this- we
think you will give your assent.. What then
are Mr. Clay's. principles? We let you speak
To our first question. "Does Mr. Clay ad
mit that Congress has the Constitutional right
to impose duties for the protection ofNorthern
manufacturers?" you ieply that "le does no
admit that Congress has the constitutional right
to impose duties for the phrpose of protecting
northern manufartures alone." &c. Wh
do you mean by. protecting northern manufac.
tures alone ? A tariff which being entirely pro.
hibitory, would raise no revenue would be for
the purpose of protecting northern manufac
tures alone. Such a tariff the northeln manu
factures themselves would be opposed to; for
if no revenue were raised by the Tariff, they,
in common with all others, would have to pay
a direct taxation for the'support of the govern
ment. As to his being in favor of "fair protec'
tion" of the South, it is "of all his follies the
motliest-the merest word that ever fooled the
car." What Tariff has efer afforded us pro.
tection, 'or been intended to do it? What
Tariff could? Protect us against whom ?
Against other Cotton growers ? Where are
they? What nation can proiuce Cotton and
bring it to this country and undersell us. Uu.
til some nation can, we need no protection
and if we did we deny that Congress has 'the
right to afford it. The northern manufacturer
lias the right to buy Cotton* where ho can
cheapest. But it is useless to argue with 'the
people of South Carolina that a Protective
Tariff is unconstitutional. We understand
you to admit that Mr. Clay is in favor of what
is called "discriiminatiog duties," and we be
lieve that those are his views. The Tariff of
'28-"the bill of abominations," as it was called
in South Carolina-the bill which we nullified
-was not a-Tariff for the protection of north.
ern manufactures alone. It raised some reve
nue, and it also protected the hemp manufac
turers of the West, and the sugar plantations
of Louisiana. The Tariff of 1842 is one of
the same character. From such tfairprose
tion" of Southern industry, we most sincerely
hope that the South may ever be protected.
1. Mr, Clay then goes for "incidental pro
tection," or a Tariff for reveuue, '"diseritnina
ting" in favor of the American Manufactures.
South Carolina believes such a Tariff uncon
stitutional and opprebsive.
2. He is in favor of a Bank-South Caroli
na is opposed to one. -
3. You say he is opposed to the reception
of A bolition petitions. We have not a copy of
Mr. Clay's speeches, and therefore can not
refer to thiem; hut our memory deceives us
snitch if he has not advocated the reception of
petitions. Of that hereafter.
4. H~e is in favor of the di~stribution of the
sales of' the puhtic lands South Carolina is
utterly opposed to it. and regards it' as a mere
scheme to corrupt our S tate Legislatures, and
empty the Federal Treasury, and thereby cre
ate an excuse fo'r increasing the burdens of an
unconstitutional and oppressive Tariff.
5. H~e is in favor of Internal Improvements
-South Carolina is not.
6.- He is in favor of' restricting the "Veto
power" in the President. South Carolina is in
favor of preserving it unaltered. Without it
there would be no check upon the lawless leg'
islation of an unssrupiilous majority in Con'
7. He is, yon say, supported by the Whig
party, and a largfe majority of the .Democrats
PROPER. WVhat sort of a Democrat is a "be
mocrat proper?" In what does he differ fronm
a Democrat improper? Upon what eathority
is this statement made ? What proof have
you of it 1
8. You have not answered., Will you ?
Now that we have Mr Clay's principles; we
ask in all candor and sinceriry, what are we to
gain by l'is election ?
Do the people of this State desire a Protect
ive Tariff-a National Bank-Dlistribution-.
Internal Improvements, and the abolition of
the."Veto Power 1" Do you desire iti And
are you opposed to the present annesationi of
Texas t I suppose these ca nnot be your prin
cipleii, as Mr. Calhoun is your first choice. He
utterly repudiates the idea of "discrimination"
or ''incidental protection." He believes it un
constitutional, and would therefore veto any
such bill. ile would veto a Bank bill-one
for Distributiotn, or Internal Improvements.
lie is opposed to the restriction of the "veto
power, believing it to be the greatest protec
tion and safeguardl to thie South. But a sht't
time ago you desired above all things to gee
him elected. We suppose. therefore,'t',aahiou
then believed it would conduAce to the er.m
nenuce, prosperity and happiness of the Union
to have the government administered on those
principles. Was that yottr belieft If so,.do.
you nowv believe that it would conduce to ile
permanence, prosperity and happinss of. tJs
Union to have the~ government adwminiterefoa
pirincples directliy the contrary of thoeset- .r
do you belteve that it ia a matter of. any: un"
portance Ihow the' government Is adnimstered?
WVllJ you re-publish ths article when you
reply to it ? Wethink it would bebabd fair, and
would regard it as as favor.. :We iake .it for
granted that the Advertiser will- comply with
your request,sand re-publish your answer to
our interrogatories. :We have,- therefore,
thought'it umtnn eiary~to copy the exact wordq
ini quoting from oir-reply? We be~ieve, how
ever, thatz we have given your meaning..
- CiA ROI.rA
sttbjec - -. 'of. -ite
qfih'e.cte Tin orpf
liobje a ct f ll 0;t tlii
Zi .t aewhole Sout jp r
sinister deigaof -agstato
of ier afvrtneson.
The - s a paf le
ceded by aic.16 l8t3 hkIJ $to
is ;neontrv a
productive eattoniregooj, sgrd hlD '
O U t tet "
Spain io 18S bJiyoJIaQ
,that time oih6, presen
rdent desire of ibis gove
its'lost Territory. A:rem ac
tion has at last been- coatud
the Ministers of Texas an ur ectet
of State, and is bero the i - n te o
:. S. for ratification.
Will it be ratified Noa.t d fet s
7dered certain bytlie. spo erest isri'
diate annexation, of Henry CJ y d
Van Buren. heretofore thie two. om'iair en
candidates for the next Presidrency."'R
course bf these two statesmen, .ho fror"
the day we lost Texas -by the treaty o
Florida to the reaeni time; ave be n the
unwavering advocates of its recovec isnasr'
inconsistent as it is devoid ofpaitos
But they play for. the Presiden -a -
present to the country. the bumti trig6
spectacle of two distinguished men benl
ing their long settled views of Statpoliey
to selfish ends. They have for onceceased
to be the Antipodes of each other, and finde
themselves in the samecategory ;In?1820;
Mr.. Clay denounced .thecession ofiba
Territory to Spain as unconstitaiiotna1.
In 1825, as Secretary of Siate, heinstue.
ted our Minister in Mexico tollfaidlisliiii
of Mexico, while she was inT -
open warfare with Spain, her motheru
try. In 1827, he directed the neg titon. .
to be renewed. Mdr. Van Buren in829 ,
hostilities still existing between Spaisian :
Mexico, commenced negotiations, for the
same purpose. Now forsooth. they find th e'
hostilities between Mexico and Texas the
only obstacle to immediate snnexation -
when it is well known that Mexico has not'
made a solitary demonstration towards'the
reconquering of Texas for the last eight
years. They have grown marvellonsly
tenacious of the. righis of Mexico; btt ?
felt no tender regard for. the rights o
bumbled Spain? Sir,it is an unman Y -" '
surrender of their principles to the Pius
dency. It is an offering up of thie rights '
of the South for Abolition votes. :f s
country is true to itself, it wil'rejeet'them
both, sad place some -one.at thehlm of
State who will not sacrifice' his.ointryi '
interests to peace and power.
THE DIVISION OF THE DISTRICT.
Sir.-We are happy to see thatilrttt
izens of the Diatrict are again excited, and
manifesting a warmer interest for adiis
ion of the District. It is however.totbing
more than we anticipated, as the grievan-,
ces of which a very large portion:of the
citizens complain, are enormously heivy
South Carolina, sir-y.es the .algmetto
State, the pride and ;glory of-the stion
you know is always eady, and thever
first to resist oppression, let it come .itft
whatever shape or form it,'. may.~
people may talk of Whig and Detsoci'at,
-Tariffs, &c., Mr. Editor, but the'citizeas
of old Edgefiold District are, -and -have.
been suffering and groaning under a thou-*
sand times worse Tarif than ever sve
imposed upon any people by any party
whatever. Rouse up friends of the di-.
vision, and let us make a mighty effortaa
'strong pull, and a pull altugether.'I Thipga'
must not, and ought not to remain ai thes
are. Our Courts are thronged with best
ness. Not withstanding eve have two weeks
Court at the fall term, it will be with niock
ditieulty to gemt hrough the docket. ''hink
for a moment the distance you- hane to
travel, the time you will necessarily loose
out of your crops, and the neglect of your
family, to say nothing of extravagant Tau
er'n bills, is truly a deplorable picture, aiid
calls loudly for a division We say to,
Liberty and Pereeverance go on, we wifl
stand to your backs. Truth and justice.
are on our side, and we will utimately
We agree very cordially with thme- smg
geitions of our friend Per'sererance, and'
will co-operate with him and his friends in
any way that will promote our 'objiect.
Through the exertions and: influence of
our friends and Representative 'last sea
sin of the Legiul.jure we gained 2m
and feel confldenlif we act well ourpA.
get up more petitis,~ and sendsa delioni
favorable to our interest, ourobjeet wil'ie:
accomplished. We say then go:o,'9
the ball in motion." We hiad..at,*.
commnencemecnt you know but zasmail rayi'
of hope, which has at length' grown ino.
a tremendlous blaze, and is spreidi'fite
salutary influence from one-endif'tWietii
trict to the other.. 'We bave-se. beth- of'
the able and useful Journals pihlishid$u
our JDistric:, who are always on. the watch4
tower, readty and willing to dfende. ther
inaterests of' the people,.oonhau sd>.eWith,
sueh materials, we say aguiosandagig06
on, success is cert ain. We-'vouhl aggess
to our friend Pesemantcet hat prapestery.
to the Convention and 8.atteeu*ge'Etch,
ardson's on the* forh~of: 12ig neri rlm.
should b~e some. anderssandling, hit :wo
shall -praeted--whethuer there sha1~ ga
movo aj. oach Battallion, or .sub ' npa
by. each..befacompan orteBrmce..
Any asrang ment
medium o1 * j.braie,
Extfeaeiv.ltie ustinill 1 1,en
ter, for which yn haymy'thanks. 1am-.
iltos is In mataresisects right. Ats a.,spn
Clay is every way superito Ysttugur.
Hnd Clay a~tiered to-the Coaigoiqise'of'
against Van Byuiiid~rlWe'ry fet,mhsti
as soon as ieh ha'diffpower hi violsted
that Comwpromise, antd before the AgrienI
tutral-antd Shj~iointcreatera of thncaro