Newspaper Page Text
-* - - -- r -
- --- - , +- -- - .- - -T
"le wilt Cain the Pillars of the TemspIe of our Liberties, mn if it naast fall, *e will -Prish anidst she thM.
VOL E *Egdel& Court Wouse, B. C4 August 2B, tBM.
EDGE FIErLD ADVERTiSaE
W. F . . %DL*M E, PROPRIETOR.
Two DoLirsand Fifty Cents, per annum
if paidin'ddeace-Three Dollars if not paid
before the 'expiration of Six Months froni the
date of S'bscription--and Four Dollars if not
paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out
of-the ttate are requir ed to pay in advance.
No subscription received for less than one
tyEar, and no paper discontinued until all ar
Irearages are paid, except aL'the option of the
1.1 subscriptions will be continued unlcs
kotherwise ordered before the expiration ofthe
Any person procuring five Subscribers and
'bNrwing responsible for the same, shallre
ceive the sixth copy gratis.
Advertisements conspicuously inserted at
62.j cents per square. (12 lines,orless,) for the
first insertion, and 43j cents, for each coniniu
ance. Those published Monthly, or quarterly
will be harged I per square for each inser
-tion. Advertisements not having the number
-ofinsertions marked on them, willbe contin
wed uatil ordered..outi and charged accord
All Job work don6 tor ersons living at a
-distance. must be paidfdratthe timethe work
&s done, or the pay ment4ecured intlhe village.
t'i comraninientions-addressed to the Editor,
ipost paid, will be promptly and strictly attend
07 Wearaanthisrized to announce EowARn
R. LAcaxs, Eeqr.. as a candidate for re-elee
tion as Maiter in. Eq-ityfur.Charleston District.
at the ensuing session of the Legislature.
MFThe fiiends of the Hon. F. W. PicxEs.,
announce him as a candidate for the State Sen.
ate; to fill the vacancy occasioned by the esig
nation of Maj John S. Jeter. from this District.
07 We are ithorized to announce FRAncis
H. WaROLrw, ESq.. n's a candidate fo.- Sena
ter from Edgefield District
67 We are autborized to announce DANIF..
.OLLAS!). Esq.. -a candidate for a sent in the
House fDelegates, at the ensuug election.
170.W e are authorized Io an iounrce M.
GRAY. Esq. a a candidate for the leg
( Tbe friends of CoL. . ToWLFS.
.Ennoune tiinm as acandidate for te oice
f Tair Ganecter of Edgefield District at
-The'faii'es af Capt. E. w. PRRy, an
6miece,'hi as a.Candidate for the otfice of
Tax Coll,-ctqr ofEdgefield -Bistrict, at the en
(* fl The Viends of Cui. JouN QUAT
eTLEBUM. aknd'neniei-as .a -catid-d ae for
the office 4if TnVxi Ulecor of Edgefield
District 'thihie easuin, eection.
(f The friends-of XMr. SCARBOROUGH
BILOanWkTrzA atiuouico him as a candi
date for the oflice'of Tar Collector.,-of this
Di'strict. * -- e
EDGEFIE LI, Ij STRICT.
Frederikn. ssan wife.
Nancy. an ' llWii, Vij. pethion to prove
Robert 9ryi,Sen.. Fe. in folemn form the
Iix Modger,anid S.hbal w*vill of Daniel Rodg.
Attaway, ciecutors, and .ers deceased.
others , ,, .,
T appengiiiu to Vny satisfaction -that Benn
min Rtisitmti tid wifeJane,Sutlay,11odg
era. Daniel odgers.Jun.. Liuleherry:odgers.
and the ihildreni of Sarah Jones, leeirs an4.iep.
resentatites of 1kmiet Rodgers d eaWum..;de
fendanth, reside beyond the lignIp jspsate,
it is therefore oidered, aiiNm- said deTeridiits
. do appeui in 4he Court of Oid'istAry-*tEdgt,
field Court Heolse on. londiti he Sd daivf
September neit, to shew.alume ifany they ca
why the iiill tif the said. Daniel Rodgers;de.
ceased, shotild io be meLd ie dgi form of.
law. JAN H114, . .
June 19. 1844 Imn3m
h T HE Sub'scrib'er respectfully informs hsis
.friends and the publicem i-nb- thsat)).
od'ers for sale. dtthe bliek store fornierij occf:
pied by i31Esare. Sibley & Crapon; nearly op.
posit. Mr. James Hdtabard's Hotel, a large
aind general assortmestfGROCER[ES, ar
ticularly adapted to'the want.s of fanmilies, cofl
istig in purtof * .
New Orleans, Porto Rtico'; and St. Croix
Lump. loat crmished & powdered Sugars.
Cluba, Rio and J ai- C F FI E;.
Back, Flyson, Gupo'wder mand Idsp'eris
West India and New Orleans Molassees
H ull's Patent Candles, 4.5.S, & 6s.
* .perm, do, 4s,5fs, & 6..
Canal Flour, in whole and half barrels,
6casks prime Goshen Cheese,
* ckWIeait ir~i-4and 1 S barrels,
ekcteain I-Sea);jars;. an. td pints,
-Tomato Kste up 4o. do.
Walnmut io.. - do. do.
AG egske iverpool Smt,- leechedacks.,)
S0 boxesu Table do. (ai fi'e affited,
25 brIe. Irisly Potatoes. (Roan:)
2 tierces Oinions(red and si'verskini,)
Bar soap, ali ig oettet drds. wool
cards, pails, buckets, tubs, keelers, piggins, in.
* digo, madder copperas, rice. layd, ehocolate,
Baker's coeoscocoar paste,-Gosihen butter. se
da biscuit, lemon biscuit', pid mic e'rackers, du2
ter crackers, buttei crackers. pilotibread, al
mnonds, curranits-,'eitomi,cloies. nutmegs. niace,
cinnamon. .peppef',.bple. ~idher i sgot; pearl.
Barley. maccaronm, vermicapons,austard,
Peods visiting [Iambmurg. are: resp'e (ful
requestid to edlund examnine for thlf7es.
- H. A. KI.NRICK
Hamburg, Novir'.'25 tf 44
~ Firsi rate" fresh btirtit
-Personrs wish~ing to p)iie will.
please call on Al; J.;D. Tibbetts, whmoyiiffgcF
as our ugent durinw our temporary abience~.
Prom the Charleston Patriot.
GRAI-. MNETING OF THE DrMsCAAct Ov
CHARLbSTUN, S. C . I
One of the most nunerouw and re%'eCt
able meetihgs of the Demiocraey of*Char
leston, was convened last evening, the 19th
'inst. at the New Theatre, that bver dsbemt
iled in our city. and was gracwi by a bril
liant collection of the fair daughters of Car
The meetinj was organized hj caJliiiE;
Henry Bailey. Esq.. its the Chur. and ap
pointing Wm. A. Hayne and Peter H.
Lalane, to act as Secretaries.
The Chairriaih havinig in 8' diianified
and apptopriate titanier, staten theobject
of the meeting. Col. F. 11. Elthure camte
forward, and after a few remarks. in his
usual felit-itoue 'tyie, inbved the following
resolution, which was adopted i
Resolved. That a conimmittee or 80 he
appointed by the Chair, to take into con
sideration the cburse which 'the present
condition of public affairs makes it advisa
ble should lie adopted by t'e Democratic
Party "If Charleston. both in tegard to Na
tionaliand State policy.
Conimillee.-Hon. Henry benss, 15od.
F H Elmore, M J Keith. Get S CrUiek.
shanks, Wm Laval. Alex NelD)mald, I.
Q Pinckney. Dr Tho, Y Sdtmons. GPO
W. Egels-ston, W W Kutihtardt. C Al
Furman, James Rime, Eiward Carew, T
Le-.hre. Dr Eli Geddivgss. W C Dukes, 3
C Cochran, John E 'Carew, Hon.-I L
Pinckney. John Phillips. James Gasdlslen.
0 L Dobrot. S H M-lrtimer, T 0 Eisott;
I T Mendenhall Harris Simions. denry
Horlheek. Frederick Shafl-r,Jach.b Coihent,
Robert W Roper, J I Rend, 'Jr. B D
Lazarus, J C Blum. A 0 Andrews, James
Simons. J A Ashay, G Burst. F C M1al
thiensen, W Kirkwood. Robert N Goorsdin,
A If Brim n, Jnt E Kay. Tho-mas Ryan,
Philip Cohen. W C Gatewool. G Mansin,
John Cheeshorouitgh, B D Roper, Jr. Ed
Sebring. A G Magrath. J F Gordon, G S
Hacker, John Rossa, C L Treulholm, A
1- Dunkin, C Patrick, W I Cleveland. J
M Waflker, John E Carew, M C Mlordecai,
J D Yates. C B Northrop. Joihn Russell,
A Moise. R W Seymour. W D Porter, B
R Carroll, A V Dawson,. Dr. A G Howard,
Wm Bull Pringle, C Karapaux, Geo N
Reynolds. G C Gaddes, P D Porre. Dr. H1
V Toomer. James B Heywool, V H Lee.
J A Hopkinis,Gen. Johna SenierlieJohn 11
During the retiremnt of the Committee,
CoLD. J. RicCord, of St. Alathews. beings
called for by the meeting. responded wits
nauch force of argument and aptness of ii
lustration. On his concluding. the con
minlee re-appeared, and the Hoh. Henry
Dens not beina present. Col. F. H. Elnore
of-red the following Preamble am),, Reso.
lutio..s, which were unanimously adopted,
The preseni situation of public affairs.
a regards butb our tiattonal and Stats
Policy. affords ahibndent cause for anxions
Roliitude, and calls for the exercise, in re
gtrd <) ohe first, of the greatest calitness.
consideru-ion and prnsl-ee, and in the In
ter, of the most fraternal conciliition and
forbea rauce. 10 general .politica, hoi ev
er, subdivided, the whole country is ranged
ins two great Parties. Democratic and
Wbig, the former having. % e believe. the
lritest portion of the people of the U S
and onprehendi-ig in its ranks, .nst only
a iO-ygrea majority of the people of ih
Slaveholding. Stes, having interests and
dytnpathies identical wilh us, but wha.t. is
iofe material to South. Carolina. almost
every man in .them or.in the olhir Siates
whose principles.coincide with hers,. ani
whose wisshe, 'opinions aad position ought
therefei to he considered ;sand .respected
by heri On, the -otlher, hand the . Whig
juyranges under its~brgd buosners. thuse
wio'ai-e it~min ton.;hepticiples and
views of administrative,. policy. on :which
hap not our prosperty . mierely.llut.our
ver efrety and existene, corppehending
to hsaiks the ip~saliable .Tasii~hef~hp
ni)-tul9ssiy fitun~erii tlieg arnings ot
d'spreferty and labor and the aeadliest
(irfopidoiiiestic peace, the Aholitison
iss.weli/i.' plotting for 'foreign. interfer
ence, torib us of totir prpsperity itself.
The atrrigg'le fo. the tpastery bet ween these
twa grea'prties r apidly approyaches to it~s
frst af~d ifabet imporijilit .sirambnt.,.e.
elect~iofdiresidstit. With their hearts
warml~nliiedand thei~r opyes ,greatly
raised, nur'friends, in every State in the
Union, 'nrghiag eery onergy for a vA
tory. With tihem and with many isn our
owna raks atSoutzh Carolina. this is 66k edI
one 'est present issue which will
d~~eso stioius.:f par'azriunt uim
pooceat.ts6'l n e pe-infiiolv
ingtd'sitsta. hiuityitelt. While
idaso'Ttjini regret itiaf it should so
asorb dll' ~ testiolis 'in "the public
mind wea e irstsy nOh'a'nge 'I0i
fadc tIk;odeheI holl on'the
tifdft iyd men 'to be over
eventsastfey a'ey,s ifst tde can for
our causeront friends - an'd~ our country.
No one'ean, in cantdor1 deny ihe'vast i'
pnrtance of this election ; 'fsr wvhile there ,s~
no great- ii-alibility that altiifsciihd or
idivisisd bfitfiet' oft. the: greiarris'
6laI'its, desi-es'in "thid'stiocess elf
'h~ ueit supphris, it ikeqlsdly clear
tlifi ti ain. nothing' and jngst tbue
ce the success of ite- aldversary.
ih isuriicular case,'if we do not
r&*okl desire, if the Demo
crf iajrevail, we most certainly
ats loe all'tha Whip triutnpnls. rWhile
i.ere is much more that may enure to our
adyaplage frein a vichi'ry by our party, the
very ,99st if its fruits-must, besides the Au
nexatiprz of Texas, ie the defeat of Whig
gery anq Abolitiousin and I,hq consequent
rescue of the Contbit utior, our country and
odrselves from their baleful. domination
enough in themselves to insure the salva
tion of the douih-and to. nerve a patriot
beart to the battle and to reward us for its
toils ;nd its dangers;.
With these views,, the Committee rec
o!nmeod tbe adopi ion of the followiug re*
plutions, as embodyingthe results of ibeir
deliberations on the subjects rererred tor
Rdiole/, That deliberate reflection,ha.
bu. served to conffim our former convi,
tion., that in the groat siruggle now pendier
between ihe Democratic and Whig pie:
ti.i ; n riot only our duty but our wise.
policy to make cot1qon cause with or
friends and the h-ieds of our- inrslitution
again-t the dangerous,. dlisorganizing aue
unconstituiional ductriness . and designs u)
[lie Whigs and Abolitionuists; and especial -
thnat we shall redeempour fgih in the Prq
identii .ciintass Atid electio , by giving,
our cordial, vigorous- and united sutppori
to JasiLM It. PCLK and GFin. Al DALIA-.
. Resolmd, That while we are Anlly set)
sihie gi.he the pahl and oppressive actiie
rif the Ueiasera, Govertimeut od the people,
pperj m indu tristoiigt Inriits .01 t.
outh iv not relaxed, but tias been ;ia;r
vaed by the.perfilious breach of the faith
pledged id the conjromise6 of. 1833 nn-t
tie passage of the odious Tariffof 1842,
wve yet see. i the present cndition and
wrSpecis of public aflairs and in the pos
idou and wishes 9f our Demiocratic friend!
u other Sates, redsa(nit sufliciently strong
0 inidtce Cs to deprecate a-, a greatcalam
iy. any divisidti atd ctiffici ditodgst our
trethren in this Siati arid. to make it our
uiy to disagree to the couise pursued 6y
portion of them, i'd ai td forber, at
resent, to re-ort to the sovereign.action-of
be State to redress our grievances, be
First. There are very many amongst our
rIves and our friends elsewhere, (whose
pinions are worthy till respect from u<,)
who have not losi every hope of redress,
'from a returning sense of justice in the
)einocratic party," should it succeed, in
he coming elecioinn, especially while they
ce the continued. and decided extension.of
'ree trade principles in ihe -new agrie.ultu.
al States. wifich are rapidly growin2 into
>ower and influence in the Wet i-tod North
Second. by the election of Jas. H. Polk.
ind the.defeat of Henry Clay, a -substan
iil vietol'g will be gainel lhr the Consuitu
ion--the Presilnitial power and ipfluence
vill he in the hinds ofa Southerr riin
i friend of free -trade,A.ud. identiiled.with
j.s and otir instittitons, and an enemny of
tie protection policy.anid ..Aboujtiapism.
ind we ought not, by anj action of our
State to embarrass -orlessen the chatices
if his election. in which so. much must be
ost, and by-'hich..we shirl drtit:i our
APives the blatie of our frieuds in other
4tate--change thei-r kind - Ielfbtgs into
:oldness...perba ps resent inent and hostility,
)y unnecesgPrily weak--nitg .iand embar
asing thiemj , and thus; increasing the
nimbers aid spirit of our .nemies, and
idding to oir- diaicultieii'u obtainig jus
Third, The tnionnf.thae States having
uterets property and institutidn identi
!al with or of a.portion of thern
Iilinst ihe. TarilT and Abolitiot, and for
he grentAin.crigan neniura ,t.he .nnexa
ion of.Texas, L- of the' highest iilpotiance
and shodl be procured if poedble, Sii that
they .;na jresent with us o.e euurse of
measurelsd nd.atpu; and. iat umiil an
*flhrt has bpen .fairily made and failed~to
'uletin such coqatittuonal, consultation andl
en-operutteti as d ill girodluce, it, it is .no:
advisable ,far Stiut h Carolini to resort to
-Resolc.rfhat irffelief from these sour
cesftih,'gud the present oppressions at ill
remaitb upon the people of this State, they
wviff be no loniger under obligations ter defer
to the wishes or opinions of' others, bit
be free to consult together and adopt those
ulterior modes andi measures of redress
which their sense, of duty to, themselves
atid their Posteityf tP'dj dietale. - -
* esolped. That with the perfect consic
tint hat, in union is 'trength, and ibat by
p~ursuiug t his course wemay kee $ ~r party
united atnd best-preserve themi uue .g'nd
power of our State af home and amopgst
her co -.$tte. we .earoestly -appeah to ourI
brother beaioeratsewhr preor ,tlee presei
acticin of thiis State to forbear atnd to-joirn
with- us in preserving .rhe Upity ef. ithe
party-and turning its whole povwer J ef.e.
foris against our common enemies tha
WVhigs atid A bolitionisis,
Resolved. That the charge that S. Care
IJna is seeking a dismemberment of this
OJ' t',o has countenanced any such
measure is gratuitous, and has uo founda
tion in fact; and that it would he: unwure
thy of even this tiotice, hadl not Mr. Clay,
the whiig candidate for thiePresidency, al
lowed himself to be so imposed upon ato
betray him'into countenancing in a~pub-.
hished letter this miserable and calmmndous
siptra g- a-body of people, of whiri
Tiis recent'attif socikf i ntereobrse shbuei
have tanh ifm te'ji1ge uthoe truthful w.
SResol1sed, Thatiwith an nchatiged eas..
ffdence in tliemrnuesu, .cona'eaye wis
domm and patriotismqof. :J ..ni bun,
arid wbile weaa~ s6 ~
public service,-we' tskyihis oprtnty'to
acknowledg'e the sadditionab obligattopajgo
ou~r gratitude and admiralion..wbile: be'liis
established hithe dijity.~ abilite and v'e
statesmanship .ith which he haq iothe
Department of Siae. maintained.tlie hi'tior
and interests Qf. country, and,.especially
those of the.'Jae holding States.against
the i~sididias depigns and i.hq iogant as
sumptionsaof Great Briiasin, and also for
his efforts fur Ghae-adon ofTead,and
wo hereby render him the only ridiard.
our power, the homage of the pod.iminish
ed gratitude and affection of his old coa
settuents. . .. ' - . . .,. . ,.,,I
Thie Ch~a~initaof the re0eting then sta
red that it was necessary. that it sh.;uld
adjours, and give way. to the meeting of
tie Young fen's Qeinocratic Association
-Wheret4op.John C..Carew, .Esq. mo.
ved tha t thq.above proceedings be pdlLsli
d in tbejournalsof the city.:
The meeting then asijouittd.
From the Rochester Daily Adverth-er.
PROTECTION TO AMERICAN IN
Is oR1s NOT TOE PREaEKT TARIFF s0
FRAMED AS To PROTECT THE AMERICAN
PEo E ..
This i4,an iWportant juestion ; one that
.ve unhesitatingly iddwer in the negative.
We will now proceed to prove tha, .this
view of the case is supported by truth,
inrl cannot be denied.
In the grst plac, what is.ibq indiistry
of the country? ..Of what does it consisi 1
It 9toiisis of labor in the various depart
ments, of agricultyre; comnerce, te arts,
aind,mntufaleturcs. -e. ...
irfwe exaline tlie proportion, or num
,er,df ppiple engaged iniliese varioys do
pa-tnents o iridustry., w find, aceordipg
to the census of 18AJ as tevised by Mr.
Woodhtity hlie following iesult -:
Agriculture, . 12,50,Q0.
Manufactures add trades 1,S004Q
Conerce., Fisheries, &c. 1,250.000
Mines, Forests, &c. -1,0.,000
Aggregnte, . ... 17,000.000
From this it is evident that about tl!rce
fourths of tho whole population are enga
ged in agricultural pursuits; including those
eigaged in.the. mechanic arts. The rol
lowing table. will slow:the capital employ
ed as computed by Mr. Woodbury from
the latecensust ..
Manufactures and trades . 3.00,0.00
Commerce. Fi-heries, &c.1 3d0,000,000
Mines, forests; &c. 320,000,00'
~40. ,O 0004
From this it is evident that. sn only the
great body ofthe people are agriculturalbut.
Ihat t he wealth or cdpital of the cotUntry is
agricult ural s. . .' .
.We idwisce cleqrly of what the industry
or flie c~dntry codsisis. .. It is chiefly agri
cultural; and so. it alwayS will be, - Even
in *iangand,- the greatest- manulacturing
counitry in the world, agricultural[weailh
or capital is much greater than all other
capital combined. So it; is in all other
countries n .the globe. -Iie oresetit woel
derful improvements io machinery, appli
cable to manufactaring purposes, are such,
that it, requires but a small nutnherof pea
ple and but.a small.portion of .theoeaiftal.
of a country to supply all.. the necessary
manufact= .!es. - ' ' - ' ..
From these few..remarks that. we pre
stime.none.xwill atteipt to refute,.it i ev'.
dlent that. American industry is-chieflj g
rieultitral; and exclusive of trades, or whpt
are-most generally.termed mechanical pui,
suits,: not tmore tian one ditdftfy. ef.ouir
people,.and not: more Aha, oie-twentietlh;
of the caitlif the country are enployed
in nianufacitiring... --... ,'' .
.Now. o the important question. %Does
or doe6 not the :present; tarilf protect A mer
tean industry? .1f it does,-that. is,.if it.
renders this.. induistry more productive,
at~mulaties if,.creates a b6:itt,.:ui'4 tridlen
:market for our ,surplus labor-thtat wrhich
we cann~ot ,consume-then we unihesita
tingly answer that no man in the.U. States
ough t to oppose it. But if,.on the contrary,
it paralyzes industry, cuss of the market
for that portion af it .that Swe do anot con
sume, nar~ro.ws the market, detitrnyss comr.
nrer~d,.th'en we assert-unqunalifledly that no
rn'an it the United States ought to advo
cate it. a .,. - . i
That a portion of the industry- of the
epuntry is benefitted by. the present tariEf is
audeIpia.Ule. , B'uthi is a small portioni
less ihin one-i~nth. We mean thte men.
factutring :a'du'stry. . This branch of Arteft.
icaq inus'ry is stimnlated,.estdoordged,
a'nd fostered:h y ther present tatifittreast,
so far. .. What ;is the digrat,.efe'et of a
high. artir qfty be ta. is.pecies of indns,
any in the Uniited States, no .one aanurn
qualifiedly predicty -.Ireory otl- indus
try is oppressedv theonly, or-at leastr the
miost reasonable, htiference is, the mann
feein'ring: industry cannot prosper long,
ti1dei the present high.tariffe If the man
Facturer makes a edividend, annually, orf
from ten to forty pet'ecent. it will induce-a
change of employmenit, and a diversion of
capital froin agriculture to manufaetudig,.
and thus have a fendency eventually to'
equalize profits.- . . .
.But certain it is, that at the; present,
and shoald the tariftc-entine at tf 4j, for
years'to tgome, thbpr-ofits pf riatnpfactoring
Wil be hih-agidividiards,sndg7r ps
ndgnfa~cturting--6,gtmdan th od f~ bho
owin the capital, tnothl wb0.dphil~$allag
-.will becomgd iiltid ipagncul
tural and corm siW~eill tiecline,
priees pour .s~q in;.oro. s,.very thing
gl.g farm'er ha,( selill be..depressed
lato~ier'than ~y'are at presenlt. :Fhe
lambortng classea will contribute somne;$I0,'
000,000 anonually to support the Govern.,
ment.: and some $80,000.000 mnore to
inr1.h0 ocllets o9 'tijoife l'the loom."
Thete was a period in iliehistory of the
country, when farm produce wisas low as
it is qT , the re ip o( ibefarmers'
iropszgL9iei i hitle doiiey~pi as
little in exchange. Iwihe farIterhas wool
aod w4ai folth, he.,caim .gt..pi ruch
cloth as he- .opltd..)when the. iluties. wire
low. under the Cddiprumise Aqt, from..!
to '4. Jf he wis.es tokhangefoi
ofany kind, or cai., he geasjess.,.ia~
tity for hio. wieat butter, bacon,.&it'
i d diver did before.,,, lJgt the manu ar
geis.at t1is moment re,..butter;bacon,
&c. for h(is clotfi illdd -ever. bpfore...
,WIO isthis? What has proaneed .his
reversal of irdtfiq..tht.t has tkiu yplace
during tho, lastrw&o-ars qe manswer,
ilie tarifftef 1842. That monstr us seheme
of fraud an4 corruption; festasediO6 tip je
ieople of the - tUnied. States r~ hig
Congress...aided by .some .f joe'sed
and mistaken Democrats. ,he1,'l.~cause
can be assigned. far the pre-sai- dlejressed
condition of American industry. .
'he.farkners aod ,plantorsof- the U-S.
understand the efect of the tariff' .They
see that the. manuracutrer are protected
and are prosperous; that they enjoy a wide
-nMarket and :ready rate at.6igh. prices, atid
ad mt that the pniesent.;asiffs siitje l
ariff;.so fgr as maufacturea -arq cjt
ed, that. ?ir. inIjuttry. js pro eteddta
their; c~pitar; j .pr11 tahv.&iiployej -heir
dividendo..unuiwaUly largai.e But Jhey see
nod (eqtlhIat.the protection ia. Ill one side.;
th-at it is protectioi auth. fianufacterers;
hut that it is drstruction, to thein,. rThey
see,thAt.p.9mall.p~it.qp gf the id ti y.and
capi.tal.pf. the countiy..Ii protectedm-less
than.. one-tenth-,while .fhe .other wIre.
tenths,arp plindered, that the one-tenth.
may irOper! . , ,
.We now-leqve it to the intelligent po0kr%
tion of thp A merican .pegple ft -deciAJi
w.hqiher the preseit tariff, is a' protective
tarif. in a true. and legitimate sense of the
term--whether it protects -American in
dus'ry or w hether it paratlyzes it. . .
The, maxim of one--of the -&estest of
American btatesmen,-and thc best of men
living, and one whose. influedce .vder the
feelings add op'hiions of. the.present gene
ratinu is asigreat as any other man, was
6iThi gratest.good-to tie gr'eatest num
ber,"t But. the pre'd'itariffviolaes tI-.e;
sound: maxim-' and. imparis..Jhe. greatest
good: to .the fewest in number,-and the
grouteit.avil..to the greatest.ijumber. I
affords the -greatestproif'tirIfotlie, in.
dpsary of the few, and inflicts the greiatest
appression tn thea industry of; the many.
(tid a. viol'tl-or.of every sound principle
i. poilitjeal econom'y. P It: is destrucrive to
,tidol-.wealti..JLrdt as one porticn of
ihe people against another,-antf one secilon
of:se pounry against another., The pre
sOut anti-p'rotective. tariff nitisi lie abol
6hed, or thie haipy Union muit, lie dis.
solved!. We mean what we say; the one
or t'ge other is inevitab'le!
....Americans which chooe -ye ?-the
perisauence of our glorious confederacy of
States, or the continuance of the present
i.0fattious oppressive. tariff. You cannot:
fiave.both.. Ch).ase ye, and choose wisely!
it is a' straae asseqian bu; not less
straage than false to say that Henry Clay
is in favor-of protecting .American indus
try, and that he is in .favor of-tha preseut
tariff.", T.he two asse.rtions,directN.-cotn
trajipt each other. . It is.Etually f se-.to
-ay that Henry Clay is in favar of discrini
inaling in, the, levying.if -dotiesiso.as to
pratect the iddustry. of.;the- ootitiry, and
that h -s: in ajvocate of the present tariff.
The discri a.iaqttqn:- t- at4e present tariff
are all made to oppress. the industry of the
coutry-not to.protect it. - They indeed.
.pr.otect- the ,few,. 4ut. oppress. the many,.
they arh made to benefitathe manufacturers
iind.injurg all other classes.-- 1n shtor,.the
present tariffis anti-protective to A merican,
in,dustry. .--Whether designedly -or not if
stiatters not; such is its effect upon th e in
dustry of iliis great nation. .*,.
:The support of Governnieust is ,a tat, a
necessary rax, upon the iustry of the sia
tion.... The -policy of .Gov. Polk- and the
Democratic pattyis'jtogmake this tieces
sar'y.burdeu fallase igliiasi possible, upon
the people ;.to exitrect.as,-,fistisfeq ie geor
ple'eoidley as;may belcom'p'arible *ith'tfe
wants oif the Government.. .A nd in riaying
this -ax in the shape of. dutiso'r -ib'im'
R prts so to discrinate .'ai tq' aflord eqaL
jiroiectioit to :all .the: diff'erent fibranches of
Amuerican ind4ustri ;agriculaurai, m'echain
i'cal,di'eommterdial, as well as man~fac
turigg..i-.-.... . - --
.A tarif.based'upon these principles is a:
psotective larifi;-. the discriniinations .are'
for.protecion ; abe system -may be called
with propriety the American systetni'bhe:
present tariff is Britisi . its .origia~ ,nd
efehcts. The system is British, not Am'er
ican : :.. - *. : . - r
We repeat, what Wer* hSaet many tiptes
said,, that- the .essential difference bezitis
Demnoc~y .and. Federpliispa.on tibe tar#
is-oio tiea71og ,nq protectbo'a .to thp'
inereste oi.the cqtntry,.bnt isirether
the proneetad, aforded byl.n fagf shall be
partial, exclusive; designed to iperease the.
iyealtb. ol, the .faw ,and :intpqverish..the
.nan. .fhe pne~ontedfrgeqal protee
tipa tpelL clas'ses and braaehes sof .busi'
n (the biher partal, ezclisive~ exces
si gbtction to a few wealthy capitalitss
Wmal upon the:Deipoctatic press, and
the iDemocratic efatorsg to explaio the true
charaeter~aqd~effect.of the 'presen: tariff;
its st r~otectiVer eaturesa itE-efodt uod'
-agiesituial a'ad commercallesboi iadstpH
ital. eiheg~eople see znd-undersand
ht9true qbnalters and it will &Idl~ dlis
are tesatt - of
dams and Webi
readers the bIfomjitiiuoai 0 A'1:146
the most prpM P. t a
o ra tion,. s thtem
pir teie orthe. ar a~ upon
~wjft~ are levmed,. auime soncopgscc
VV, seta, a of mmo sence
Buet pporters-Gretaj uwithggonfi.
de .j te'fact that aO~~hritids
.upon which aldiuio'R dpe (lejeyld
by the tariff f. 18 ,.Ee thac
time, considerably 8le0is. c'e,,. anP
hen argue that imuat bap .'the ex
uement~ ofcomptsuof i.. setr . .
js.tkal.Apotrary.t .. or
of..things .thata i oe ,cs
a! o'uld 1)e .rei~k6ion in.,' tuice of the
sare.e aTbikprie of aay. ~ rle in the
miark.nmuai ptwaga depen IoSiithe tel
altive conddiia of .demaanl.y.and supply
at the (aign.place qf a. .. But very
sligtit vopriafnzc of tim ed '.lace
great xient, tlfpaivo. proportio 'of'-he
den id sad pply,;, and, consequeiy,
thie price of tbe artiee.. No saf coilu
aiqu can be drawn fro ntthe-fact, that sb
atsene to.ihe tariflof 1828, the prices of
the ariclek.up ijhich; the. duties-fero
theniientased hlave, fallen, unles.frni
other ireaidsatances Ii .can e 'shoen that
the inergasesof the duutyiwas the..cadsk o(
thi fail in price; nor ,will i .be sifficient to
prove-sa strange. a parado.r, .to account
lgr iu,...by lhe excitemenit lof. comgetitiot.
Wherever the aris:' a, profitable market.
thesei willbe conmpetition.. Hill liie. milr C
1828-never. beert enacted... the,.cdapetition
iu:out: markets wouild have been as great,
and would have been, as -effectual to re
ducthe tprices, sA it has been with the
agravation of.du z ties.
eButLhedut e upr the article impoi
te froim abi-oad inobld the domestic pro
ducer toeater into competition with the
irlporter srnom abroad.a.o .long .as this
comp letition coilnues,.the. duty operate
as a bountye r'p~ mion io ftle domestic
rmanufacturer. B .b wioni it "is paid?
Ceriainly "f.the pIa profa the article,
whether of foreign Hii!16-etilia-nua
Lures. The duty coniteieen.. ?eth .'
price of hae aole.. anr
the market. asIt is subsabn wally,
the.arti!o of du:testinain*
onI al aunty;upoan i clle iev -
dfed, ad ithe repeaf of-the taiest dprt
as an eq'uivalent r-eductioq df the price
the article,. whether foreign ar- densiei
a-'To ihe-same eff'ect afe (ihe follwig -
resolutions unairmousfy taidopted-y aa
large tiie .ruleating at -JBostontin.180
after reciving the powerful support of the
Hor.. Danil Wetiied . .
-Resolved, thatbigh bounties-on .much
domtetic maufactures-as ire .principally.
beneat ed by thattarif. favor great cae
talists rather..thaun personal inidusny or the
owners of sinea capiialg and the-efore we
.' ResOlCe,'I'hat-we are equall ite apable
of diu.o.veringtits beneflcial. eeets on ag
ricultuie;.. simee uh's ofhioiise ebsequence
of its adoption would be, that. the' farme
mustgive more tha'n he'does for -all he
buy , ad receie less fr- all sie sels. t
,Resolved, Thai the imposition.ofndutie
wich are enormous, . and deemed by' a
pouttiona of the people to be unequal and
uojust, is dangerous, as it encourages the -
practico of sm ugglinag.
i Resolvd..That, in our opinionthe pro'.
posed tariff, a and the princip% t h wic i
is avowedly. founded woufd if-- adopted,
havo a ctendeacy, hoever.different .may.
be the motives of thse. whti, tec-mnend
them theorvto diaigsi sth'radustIy,.urn
pedw the prosperity, andcoidpt the mor
alsio of th peopl ,. o. [e-u'ea -nd
SWe s'lid in te New York Heradaet
frani irs.New Orleans'correspoeieet
rie tosnue-f the 'notafes of the - Wit
Whig measure of .reaeft-ie'.~ankr a
la w. . It will be repollected .thai Jamnes
tson ebb, th godfather odfihe>ilaag *
pdrt y,'was the frsi who "wenht rouh the
mill."-YoungJEkory '- ,~
n-"Thie celeb of~pse the Cit aL..
vs. Thomnas Bnn bbh a few year. ap9'.
.who was looked .ad p niuliodare bas -
at.last bed.deide by the.Jde of the
District Court, declainniim- o~h gwlt
of gross frauds and wilful conceinmenu -
property, aninu ling his certificate ofbask&
ruptey, bridirenderinwjudgment in tavof
the plaintiff for EI.OO.O0.000He saane4
ihe maosy~indivip ale,.here.w setok ad-.- -
vatntage ofthe~ Rairupt act to iecuM, io'
thiemaelve; tnieueetates by -fra' ..leit -
baqkrutetyaqd ioarenons M - c'
ing:M jeltiuavaginetoj iheir ~ill oItea
gairns, in'. deiende ~of il Ja w-and -geodi
order.- Sinee~this decision,it is'whispered
segteral lariq. suits will he commenzced
fortshwith against certain cottonfattii
and mereciants,.whose -large estates dlwid~
die4;into~insignificance under the operation
oli Binkrupt lawP.
mother im law- first discoveied skatheb
young man had a.hankesin.1&h daasgb.
tar, .that good Ql lady said-siedid-not
know so we ll about givingherdaogbuirrt
a puinter-there were alr'edyd pin~ig'
offces: itthe U.nited Sttes.-9nd kh as.
not certain thist e6ry. woilpf it
themn .1tiwai pain young Fratillin utd
depend -for the support of his famiy oi
the- proftsi of a tbird, and this was iat
a doubitfol chafceb.-Af sneh an obeto
'was urged to-a -6old besh-a'l w h
there -was but two -pribgm-,j'
United Slates, h-ow'sah pie a
-gets wifedd no ~en aeN us g
the'nninhbea l t -~~T -15Z' xx