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"We wille 0ln a. rcp~o p~uk aa.icriic sicd if t ant all wil3j
ligto tfi Pilrk6 thib ''ad'b Werlai ettiest td If ~
Ah it ~nit 'a' w
EDGEFIE LD ADVIER1TISER'
W. F. DURISOE; PROPRIETOR.
Two DoLLArs'and FIrrV C EN's. pdr atintm
if paid advance $3 if not paid within siu
months from the date of subscription. -and
;4 if noti paid betore the expiration of- the
year 'Alinbscriltions will be continnamd,
inless otierwise oidered. hefoire the expira
tion of flie~eart but no paperI will- be discon
ued until all artenrages are paid. unless arti
option of the-, Publisher.
Any person pwocuring. five responsible Sub
scribers, shall receive the paper for one yent;
ADVENTSEEN'TS conspicuonsly inserted at 62J
cents per square. (12 1ines, or less,) for the
first insertion. and 435 for each continuance.
Those published moitlly. or qoarterly, will
be charged $1 per square . idvertiseuents
not having the onmber of insertions .narked
hn them, will he contintied until ordered ont,
and charged accordingly.
All communications, post paid, will promptly
arid strictly attended to.
V' We are authorized to announce ED-waniD
It. LAtiatks Esqr.. nsa candidate for re-elec
tion as Matier in Eq iuty.for Charleston District,
at the ensuing segsiio9. or the Legislature.
g7Tie fridnds of:tHbfn. F. W "PIcIuss,
.ance him n a andidate for the StateSen
Aofll tlie ; ,aay occa". ond by the re~sag
ate. - 11 .h vacanicy- occtitaied yt~ra
matiji Mtj:John.S. Jter.from this District.
We are anthorised to announce Faascis
21. W~AobAW. Esq.. us at candidate io- Sena
tor from Edefield District
07. We are tuthosized to stinountce DANMir.
HOLLSIP. Esq.. a candidate liir a seat iii the
flouse ofDeiea- :I the ensuing eleetion.
i'We are autheL.rized to.annourite M.
GRAY. Esq. as a cagdidate Fot the Leg
I. The friends of Col. 0. ToWLKS
antnounce him as- a cadidlate for the offiee
of Tax-ColleCoto of Edgefield ]Distriet at
the ensnittg eleciion.
TTbe friends of Capt. E. W. PaRRY. all
noitice him asa Candidate for the office t
Tax Collector of Edgefield District, at the en
( 'rime friends of Col. JOHN QOAT
VrLrBoa. antnOunce him as a cadidatie for
the office of Tax Collector of Edgefield
District at theensuing election.
rhe friends of Mr. Sc-asoaoUaH
BaaUwA-rEfa. announce him its a candi
date for the office of Tax Collector, of this
1.LEG LION RUE5OLVIES
VOR OCTOBER. 1844.
So niick as Relates 'o Ragefield District.
HOUSE OF IEeit.ENTATIVES,
Dctrate 19. 1;4-. 5
HE Committee on Pr ileges Mid Llee
T tions, to whom were rif.reed #undry ris
olu'tions' for establishing findcha-ngmE the pla.
ces of eluGioniend appoisiting. Managers for
the neit Geniral Electrobni, have had the same
under coisid'eration-,and repo'rt as follows
Resoled; That the electidosli to he lioleln d
the second Monday of October next and the
day following, for Senatori and Representa
tives, shall be hehi at the following places, and
conducted by the followirtg persois: 2
At Elgefield Court Honse -E. B. Pressly.
S F- Goode and William P. Butler.
Longmire's.-Wiley Hlarrison, -Hugh M.
Quarles and Josiah Perrin.
Collier's.-C. G. Garrett. William Prescoti,
Cherokee Pond.-:S. W. dardner, J.Curiry
and Daniel Shaw.
-Pne House -Geo. W Jones,. 13'Hacr
Towle-s.-Jaies S. Pope, William Ard ind
Dutoin's-R. P. Brunson, John Hill dtd
H. Dtuntom. .
Sheppard's -Elias'Lagrone, E. Dldshirid
Rt~ae -Stanmote' Watson, 3f. Wda'dtid
Smiylie's.-S- Nicholson,Jr.. D. Strotherdiid
Hamburg -Gee,. Par'ott; M 1R' Smith and
Mount Wiling.-J. Jenninags. 1. Ethridge
and Stepnhen Ohuvet.
Richardson'..-Johna Sentell;8S. Ataway and
Coliema's.-J. M. Maynard. H ardy Bouul
ware and G. Yatrborough.
-Parkes'.-Richard Hardy, A. Tucker and W.
Pei-ry's -G. IHuiet Joseph Wise and Dan'
Moore's.-Anderson Turner. T. Payne atnd
Moselet's.-J S.: Haruison, John Rodgers
and J. 8. Shadrauck.
.Allen's.-A- P. Kenard, M 3atthaews and
poei'sJ JPowell, Jan.; D, G.. Walker
Nail's -G. WV. B. Williams, V.. Sinmkins
Hlenry Cox. -
Do)rn's.-J- F. af ay, J'nfn B)orn- and Alfred
Randel's.-Rt. W. Matthews. Cohin Rbsodei
and .W' Na Swearinger..
ji B'oulwore's.-John L:ott,-Jesse Gomiflhot
and James Edion. Jr.
*Red llill-Lewis Collins; J. B3. HIolmes and
Rochell'..-L Freeman, S. Freeman, ant
W. C Robe'rtson:.....
Atndrew Krepu.-R. Guegory, Sen.. Joh:
JKrepis and Andrew Kr'pv.
. Wum. Etheridge.-Johnr Rhinehuart, Joseepl
Ethrialga and Emannel Catighmoan. ~
JI. Chanmberig. Hwr.1
Election Monday and Tuesday Votes. i
becounted on th'e tihird day at Edgefid C..H
Six Retpresetutives, one memnber of Cogressi
aind-one Tax Collector to he elected.
8ths..Polls~to be opened at 9 o'clockycA. M:
and close ay4 P. M. The box. vessel, or ba
to be sea'ed ua hen the polls aire closed, ani
secoitd day. and to count the votei at- tbe reg
ular, time and polace. (A. A. 171, 3d Statutes,
Resolcd. 2nd. That the Managers of election
prior tb thei- proceeding to the eleetions. do
take the following oath. or affirmnatioi. before
some Magistrtc. -r .ftae of- tIme Manaigers of
electionl to-wit: ''That they will faithfuilly and
impartially conduct and atiead to the forego
Zing elections, agreeably. it, tIe Constittition of
'the'taate of siuth Caroilla, and the lants
. Resoved. 34d. That in future no person @lid
hied to vote for membes or each branch ot the
Legislature, shall be per:nitted to vote in wore
that one election District or Parish, and. the
Mamnagers of' elections thronghoult this Siate,
ai:e hereby required and dare'cted. if tHiey tnmnk
proper. ((n onm the application of any elector
present) to administer tia any person dffering
to tote; the ftihowimg oath.: '1, A. B. do sol.
eninly sweir (or affirum as the caase may be,)
that I nave not it this general elettiion ihr menin -
bers o tihe Legislatute. voted in this, or any
other District or Parish. and that i aim 4t:ott
tutionally quauified to vote-So help me God."
A md if any peason mr persons required a afore.
stid, to take said oath, or utlirnation, shall re
fuse to do s. thena the Matingers, in their rek
pective Election Districts or Parishes, shaill be,
and-they are herieby required and enjoined to
refuse su6h vote or votes;and in enste the uman
agers chull tetase to reqnr, the oath as aore.
said. when detainded; they almall he liable toall
the paimis and penalties thej would be liable
and subject ti. lor neglucting any othet duties
required by themi as Managers of elections, for
either br.itich e tie Legislaiure. I
Resolved. 4th. That the Act alteing'the 4th
Sectianr tthe Conistitmion of the State or South
Catromina, be herewih pfiblisihed, to wit: every
Free white man 'f'the age of tenty one years;
(patupers, noi commissioned officers nmid pri
vates of the Army of thea United States, exi ep
ted. heing a citizen of this State, and having:
resided therein two years previous tto the day
of election, and who has a freehlold of fifty
aeres of land, or a town lot, of which lie ha;
been legally seized und possessed. at least six
niontis biefore such elea-tioa, or not hayiing
sne'h freelhold, or town lot. hath Ieen a resident
in tie electionia District, in which lie offers tea
giie his vote. Wlore the election six montls.
shallhuve at right to vote for a iember, or amn.
bers, te deiie in either branch of the Legisla
tuire. for the electim Dist, ict in whichl he holds
sucli prolierty or resiatence.
Resulced. 5th. That the two years reaience
reiquired by the Constittiuton in a ioter. are the
twit years ituntediately previons to the eleetion.
and the six months residence in the Election
Distnict are the.six months immediately previ
ons to the election but if any person lans his
.t.(e in the State. he does not lose the right (if
resideice by :emnpotrary absence. with the in
tention of returning; but if jhe ias his hotmeun and
his family ill another State, the presence of onch
plersoni, altholutghl continued for two yearsin the
State. gives no right to vote.
August 21- 3t 30
State of South Cai olina.
To ite Managers of Election:
'N obedienace to the writ of E'.lection. issue:'
by tie Honorable Angus Patterson. Pre
dent of the Senate, --You and each of you are
heretmy required, after due adverisement, and
with strict regaird to all tie provisions of the
Canstitition aid law,. uif the said State, tone -
ing your dluty ill the premises. to hold an 'lec.
tioi for a timemiber of the Seiate fur the District
of Edgefi,-id. te serve lfor the remainder of the
term for which thei said John S. Jater was elec
ted to serve ;'the polls to he opened and held
it the viarions places of elec-tion in the said
District. on the Secoind Monday of October
next and the diy following, by you at vour res
pective places of elieciion The managers for
tme several ,laces of electioi to ieet at Edge.
field.Contlt Hoiuse tan the the third day, to count
the votes, and declare Oim election."
E.- B. PR-SSLEY,:
Chairman of Managers of Elcition
Angust 21 te 30
State of South Carolina.
rederick Ross and wife .. a
Namcy. antd ethers, vs. Petition to parove
Rhert-Bryan,. Seam.. Fe- in solemn form the
IEkhtodgrs amnd Shtmbal will f Daniel Readg
taway', exkecitmrs,' a'nd I;- as deceaded;
*. others .-.
3ajpaating toniy'satisfacilon thimi B'emjli
.nin Ratinan tand wife Jane, Statlay Rtodg
erd. Dianiel Rodlgers. Junm.. Littleherry Rodgems.
and the children'of Saraih'Jones', heirs and rep.
reetties of.Datniel Rodgieara deeaed, de
fetiintsin eside b-eynd time lijnitfo(thI$ State,
it sm therefoi-e oriered. that theg suaild'fendants
dis apeanEi: thme Cotr of Ordi'nary at Edge
field fJoif House on Moiddaj the 23d diny of
Sepember ntext, to shea' catdme ifainy they can,
whythe 'will of thme said .Daniel Rodgueras, de
easd'shoid ntif be. proverd ini dtie form of
law.; JOHN H ILL, 0- 5. D6.
PEjsoam having official hilsinmdk th
..medareinfornited at I cain he1'titln'
at the ficiuiin every Motiday and Feriday,
as tine lna drrecte, except iirovideurttally
ene iningthe months of June,
- ~~ JO HN HiLLy d. E.S -i
W ~~~~ijietmiy inform thme citizens
nf'd d' C. H..nd -nts vmicinity,
that-he hw ~i' an efice mn the house .for
mmly ope by.John S. Jeter as a law
ofie crt'b an be round at all tames,
excei. ain tprfesional business.
He willfttn to any. asi in the line iof
his pr'r i~uand lm pes'h de riad attentin
to-receie anadeseve a shade of'iiille patron
FiA pE nWsnpply of Canady, Sugat Plumos,
a .~~ ises'&c.-, cotstantly on hand.' -
.BazkNuts. English Walnuts, Almonds,
HI A. KENR[CX.
From ili Madisonian.
TO MY PtENDS TBiHOUoUT T11 E UtCN.
The reasons erhieb influenced me in 9c
cepting the nomination for the Presidency,
.made by a Conieitio .of thy frieiids in.
May. last, a Baltimore, have lost much of
their iiginIal firce. I had been udt only
fiJobt violentlj assailod by the Uliraiits of
both parties, but had been threatened with
impeachieut fNr haitig. negotiated a
Treaty propuosirg the. annexation ofrTeaa
to the Union; is a pdriioni of its Territory,
and for haviig adopted precautionary mea
eire. clearly falling Within the range. , f
Executive disvretioni io ward off dny lilow
which might have been ietiously aimed at
the peace and safety Oflthe country in the
event of the railication of the Treniy liy
the Senate. The tpinionl of a person,
once raihked ariiongst the distinguished ju
risus of the country; found its waj into the
newspapers, a ppareutly ai the precursor
of such a prbreedirig.
A rep'ort had also beeh made, al a pre
iloni sessioti or Condress, by a comniiiee
6t the House of Regrebetttaives, which
proceeds from the pen of aman who filled
no limited pace in the eye of the notld;
in whi h-because of the exercise of the
Veto yoei iin arrest of ihe unconstitutionial
and pernici fs measurei of a United States
Bank. and a donafion to the States of so
much of the pnblie rcende as was derived
from the public lands, at a moment otgreat
embarrassment in the Trrasury, and when
loans were necssarf to suslain the Gov
ernmen-! was cligid *ith the 6onimnig
sion of grave offences in the ahove partic
ulare, nd with deserving all the paini and
dlisgrifee flo ing from the high poiver.6f
impeachmnent, a measure, as it *at inti
mated. only not resorted to by the House
because of a dotifui ntertajnbd hether
the proteeding would hesnitain'id by pub
lie sentiment. I had, it is trie, Otolestod
against that report io riinatingin wron'd;
and dictated by party iinnor and nateiv
lence; hut my Protest was refused a' place
an thejourntts of the Ilouse, and t'us, in
fuit.re times, my name might have been
iaroished by the -fact of a solemn declara
rion, highly implicating my charneter, re
mnaining uncontrnlicd and unrerersed
it the public journals.
The party majority which had satietion
'd a proceeding so unjust, had, it is true,
been swept out of existence by the elec
ions which shortly afterwards followed;
4ut, at the time of my acceptance of the
tomination, although a large and over
awheltming majority of the opposite party
tad been brought into power by the pen
ple, as if not the express pturpose of mus
aimug me in what I had done, yet that
very party had tmade no public movement
indicative of a friendly feeling, and a por
itin of its members. who seemed to con
trol the rest, exhibited the bitterest hostility,
and the most unrelenting spirit of opposi
ion. Under these circumstances, there
% as but line course left to. me consistent
with honor. which was to mtaaintdin my
position unmoved by tireats, and untimi
laited by denunciation: Those of ,my
enuntrymen who had coti'e to my..supoori,
had done so in a' self-seacrificing .ppieil.
without the indulgence of aty other ex.
pectation than that tny chaiact'r should
be vtndicated, and that the poli'c.of' My
adt inistration should he sustaihed sand I
felt that it would better. beconie men.1 to
nbide the t6691 signal defeat ia.tncur
'he digr ae of d ep-ecating the action of a
party. t'he chief object of whi; lsaders
seemed to be to fastetV 6oie. disgrae.
I hnd also.an .ihIjatirte6iift thai.the great
question of this annexation of Teas might,
to somue dgr'ede be controlled by the posi
titon I occupied.
iihese motives ijii'ced niy acceptatnce
oaf the nmiiati.n. ni ade bay tmy friends.
hBefore the close of thie session of.Congress,
bow ev'er,'devehopements wer'e so dientlj
tnd disttnctly made, as to, the threatened
timptachmnent, that no traes qf atbh a miea
-sure was left. Mr.: J. Q?. Adams' regnrt,
itmplicatmug iny- motives and conduct i-o tty
Vetoes of the Batik and other bill, wvas
deprive-d of all its force and fur'ti.e effect,
by a Report made by a 'comnziiitee. of.
whidh Mr .Ellis,-qfNe w York, was Chair;
tmab adamplinied .hy resolutions whi'ch
passed th. Ifoiseof R~prsetatiessome
few iisyb before~elose af the ses'sion iy
a lared coininandingniajt',iiiioiy
rescuing'my droiives froni elf impdiiation,
but jiustifying and uph.'liing' my policy.
The voice of the People in the elections of
1842 wyas titus directly responded to-by
that of their Representatives,.and b~ut little
renriain~d for tne personally'/either t& ex
pec or' desii-d.
.Since the adjournme~t of Congfecs, the
fatigiiage of many of the leadinug'presles~
of the counttr'y, and resoltations adopted by
large assemsblages of the people irn their
primary meetings, have still furshier en
dorscd the proceeditngi'. of the House in
iprobationt of the acts of the edministra
ion. I could not, however, look exclu
sively to my own wishes, whiclr woiild
have led me imnmediat'ely to'riire from a
contest which eemed no longer to bi pos
sessed of an) objiCt worthy of miuch furthr>'
attentiqp. But t*ssnotat' liberty to do
no without 6rst consuliing with such of my
most protuinent amid siendfast friensas I:
edold readily confer with; riien'ho h'ao
shififith'mea in muchof the abuise whii
I haed ,cou'tine i,- Itid wotnli paitally'
have particinited in all the ablo<4:y, ii'aty;'
whieh might, inathe' future, attach (df re
So far'de I 'hbavd bien able to consult them,
they have yieldid it-eir'andtito the tourse
Shich msy 'on lj ienne zgstisas
nroner;- and i now anonnento them and
the country. my withdrawal from the Prei
I cannotornit to accompany this publli
annuticiuttn 'With a few rerharks, addres
sed. to the Republican portion of what wa
called the Whig paty of 1840. I rinak
no appeal to that other portion, which wa
farinerlyK laidiwi during the earli period h
our political history, as Federalists; at I
later day as National Repablicans, an<
iow pass under the gideral appellatiid a
Whigs. Such ad appeal would be whollh
dut of ilace, since theiir political principile
are-entirely at war with ilidie I have ad
vocated thidugh lif*e. I meant no imputa
tion ou their motives or patriotism. I
doubt not that ihe old Federal party, it
thd lead of whiich stood the elder Adams
were as deeply and sincerely corvitwbel il
ihe ieiesity or the Alien and Sediti
land, as the present is of thai of a Bank W
ihe United. Statri; with oilier dieasiurt
equally latitudinous, alonig wiih the abo
lition of the Veto power, whereby to con
vort the Governnietit into a mere majoritr
riachini-t6 make it the Goierinent of
single dation, initead of which is, a po
litical compa6t between free; doviereign
aodd independeni Staici. by which so much
power, aid no more, has been granted t.
a common Agent of all (lie States, as the
esteerietl. td be reCessary for the promo
Oion of their mutual happiness. No: to
them I hafe ndthing to say. If I had re
ceived their support at any titne, it has
bben, nit frorii attabhmerit to me or my
political irinciples, but from soihe suppi
ied inifutence whicl i niighi bring to bedr.
as a secondary agedt, in advancing their
All the obhigations which I have recei
ved for such reasous, have been more tilian
countetbalanced by the untiring oppositi.in
which I have encounterid at thelr bauds
since I attained inh, pres'ent station. and
the co'iarit anl uu.iliigated abuse Which
their leadere haie poured out in a torrent
upon my head ; designed, as f 4'erily be
lieve, id the fiait instance, to drive me
front the Goverunment; and in the last to
oyerwhefm me wi.th obloquy and reproach.
But I hive a right to, address myselfto
those w ho, likc myself. co.ope-ated with
them ini thIe contest of lS40-iWho were,
and always had been the advocates ofthe
principles of the old Republican party
w hose streruousefiris have always been
directed to. preserving the comp:ct of
Union unbroken and inviolate-who have
sustained at all times the principles of the
Republican party of 17989-who have
participatej..from time to time, in all Re
publican iumphs-whose fathers were
victorious over the elder Adams in the
election of Air. Jefferson, as they them
-elves were over the youngsr in the election
of General Jackson.
To this nioriion of the. Whig party of
1840, I feel that I have a full rimhr to ad
dreas myself. and I now seriously put it
to them to say, whether any expectation
of good to the country.*which they' had
forted.in the election of .General Harri
son and tmyself to the Presidency and Vice
Presidency, has ben disappointed 1 Many
of us hiad been :thrown.ito. oppnsition ip
Gen. Jackson during his last term, having
voted fIor him upon his firsi and becond
electiorn, hec use, of. certain doctrines.put
forth in his Proclamation, and because of
certain measures which follo wed t'hai cle
bratel State paper.,, Our ipposition pro
ceeded froni no spirit of fuction, but from
wha1 we esteemed ii -to be, a sacred'.regard
to the high and essential principles of the
Republican party-aud. regarding his suc
essor as in a great degree identified..with
what we esteeied as errors in Gen. Jack
son't admitiistation..our opposition. was
cortinued to hitn.. The stats and condi
tion of the counti qf lso. seemed to require
change in the general . admniuitrion.
H ave you heen disappointed in the reform
which ytiu p)romlised yourselves by. going
into that contest? i og demanded ariigid
economy to lie obsferved i'n the 1ibilic ex
peCnditture4. H ave you in this been disap
poirnted I You requiiled ade~uunt.obility on
the part of all p~ublic agents. Has il not
bet al|led. Let the fact thajca defaul
ter has becomne almost unknouvn for the
last tifree years answer rte question. ,,.
You ask'ed that acourse ofpolicy.should
lie ,adopted which shouldi plii'ify and reform
the currency. ,.Was the. curreng of. tha
ctiutry ever.,in',a betteyr condtioj 1..Le
the ratepof the~exejanges betwegn a1i poias
of the country.. adswer .the. inquiry ,,fau
-the day-ever been, when the currency was
sotideroe the rates of exchange lower I
You sou~i olie more to pt the mechah
ical arts in active.olierationi, and to relieve
commere'e from the blight which had fal
len. tip~oo it. The first has regciv'ed, aon
tlijeJast has unfurled its sails., 'yhich now
whiten almost every seat .The p'aralysit
which had fallen on.: puablic credit, to an
extent that the'porgiznf of..5.60,00 Goj
Obvernmenlt stock were offered to* Ebro
peani and American ,capitaliai' without
oibr being iable io find for it a purchasor,
has passed'away','and a wellfsupplied Eli
chequer gives evidence not only of theex
pansion of trade, lfut of.the stable bais'on
which rests the public credit.
The ver'y, stct for wphich no bidders
could at one tinie be6 fotind, now readily
co'mmalads in the market an advance oh
fifteea - or twoe.niy d5ollars'in thy he~pired.
In .the dieentialbe Itsubisititio y~unto sigy
p' rty have not beenrlbii~y'bervediii
afthat has'been nou.'. Didjkhoae Dtinct
ple's'reqidr's that wE snoezldire .coine
a'ntiewcycle dft weni'fysirs, tie iredeees
sor of wihich a Banttkf thie Ulnited Staues
hadl fulfilled in 1836! Begitinag by in
creasiing the derangements of business fot
uners attended in its mad career with cam
- paraIive prosperitY', then resortinlgto er.
forts by all i large means to forcq a re
e charter, and ending itsexiarknee amid the
curses and denunciatidi 6f the many it
a hdd-ruined. Most of you Had, pr6dunced
to be uncoustitutional.
s al jodir olinions.o iis sutJeit no
r dergoue a change in 1840, and did yoU
coniemaplate that Gen. Harrison and,
I myself-who iIuing the while contest
r avowed 0tir .Pinions to be dndbadg in
that respect, in numerois addreiies- to
publie-would lie deserving otidem"_
tion if either of us inhould should 8e"M
purjure oursielves (y sanctioninga
charter, which, .believing it to be tid a
4tituilOdul, our solemn oath office re
qatred -is to vote against or-tiL Tell me
-"oreover. brother republicads df 1840,
.ad you iheu brotdght -youiltee to the
--onclusion that, even admiittga piiile
buse of the veto pf1ver, i was proper to
rase from the constitution -iitht-gteditbi
rier and cheCli to an inconstiitiodal 6nd
mIighly iuexpedieni legisig iieeby
.aking lie will of Congress ^loa-d
mstalling the majority of hatthIdy inAhe
full po'sesion of all poweds 'fgodrwDiebt?
Or did you, or ddyo.u nowitill cling to the
Vpinion iti whieh the ualiffed veto origi
nated, that a goverdmentiitii.ut heeks
and balatices is the worst formWQligar
chy-and that too ma ay u di .in order
to secure public lib9ty~cannui be thrown
overs different departmeais *
If,indeed,ydu are advocates of a hange
so vitaf as that proposedtlena my not
oulf l'he Garrisons -and '..appqans of our
own country rejiice b'u a ahout should
ascend from lie Abolitio'n Convention "of
the whole world," at the fee tha.t r -
Federal system lia' gi'ved ay before the
power of a . consolidated goeifirnent,
whose will, itlered forth by sectidal ma
jorities, . was absolute, adjiifag' of no
check or resistance from any quarter Whal
ever. Rf, indeed, these b.e your..opi
then lave I moi grieviounly disapo
the hopes in which you indulged in con
nection with my election and my adminis
tration. .I must, neif-riheless, mois Sol
emnly aver that had I been aware that
such would have been especte'd and re
quired of me-if I could have believed that
you, whose candidae. I was peculiarly
considered, and to conciliate- whom I was
nominated for the Vice Presidency. wouhl
have required oCfmp. the coniingency which
unhappily occturred, that I should com
mence my .admidistraiion with an act of
perjury, and sanctioned measures abhor
rent to every principle of may past life and
at a war with the prosperity of the country
and thecontituance of liberty, I would no, I
have sutTered my name, h'umble as it was,
to have been breathed in lhe canvass. No,
I cluini the.proud privileg( of an Nmerican
citizen to think' for rnjse lf on all subjeels.
an to act in pu.rsuange of my .own, con -
victions-aud if , tiould require a total
changeof my nature in order to-conver
.ine fitfO'a meip inistrument of party dicta
f would appeal tiof only to yourselves I
but to all my countrymen. to say. whether,
in the matters appertaiinig to our foreign .4
afrairs, they anircipmed. mnore success in I
'le adjustient af- diffiieubies and-in the
fbrmnation or highly import'at 'rreatise
ihan it has been my province to eluse to
he negociated. Long standing diffi'ulties
which threatened nost . seriously the
pence (if the country. jor has any op
po~rtunity been lost for enTarging the corrf
merce of the country,.inc'giving'new mar
kets to our agricultural Ond rianuf'acturing
products. Ir the conniry has not reaped
full fruition or benefij from.,ll the treatise I
thus negooiated, it su.iely has not heen.the
fautl of te-Adminiaisrattion. I-le, ltii.of
two'ofthons trea'tise thro ug the action of
the Senate..cannot'hut he deplored by mec
as great public cstlanjities. By .the treaty
with the German' States, we had opened
the wa~v to, i more extcended commerce
wiith 27,000,000: of p'eoy',in otir copto.u,
tobaicco, rice and larud, at duties on-tobacco
rice aind lard Kreati''red'uced, and with a
stipulation fo'r the, free admision of cotton.
whilie we shad ngreed tp receive at minme
nihat redtaced duties, articles fromt these
States which en'tered iutotIthe most limited
edompetition, if at all,, with a few si'miar
articles'of Amrerican product.
.The treaty was'phriicularly intei-estin'g
fraom .the fact that, for the fiist tiune after
repeatsd ,strdiggles on the parE'of jny pre
d'ecessors to .accomplish .a .reduction 'of
duty on sobacep, the-Goternment. had
sug eedidin doingso. . twasnegotiated
.under resolutions oritgin'ating with the; thle
tobacco States,; nd with thepresumeL
sanctions o(Congress; who had raisedI as
iif ibfleved, the reissiotn to Vienni from
a seeontio.a first inte mission, with d!irect
refere~nee t the robaccn initeresi, and .had
bad also, approprinied' '.surn of moiney,
somie.yesi-sago, toesnald'd the ipxecutivetso
employ air agent .InG'ernyto acquire
information as to . the to'cotra'ete
servilces of which agent IhafdnIy.''eased a
sitort ,time prior, to tie negotiatiohofths
ir.eaty.; My. h'ope stil, hgiwever, is thbar the
bene-fi. orthaety. tad the' treatygiiself.
ma'y nt'he g lost to the conzntry'....fiinak
if proper' to add., that there was-no design
to de~prive the Ha~u'se olRepreaeritatives of
any. rightful and econstifutioinal aciion.over
the subjegt,' whic'hitightsproperly ea'
.erecisp. . It was.'or. the goatrary, my in
. tintion~ to bi vnbulnitted the tr-eaty, a'nd
all the paubei calculated to elfucidate it,.to
1hs' House' 6f Ri'presentatives~ if it had
lien- ratifiedfg ths Sinete, forsuch actiin
as (hey, tiuight- have deemed it pioper to
.adlopt--a course pursued in the aetiuon of
.the House is required to voteeuppliesoI
money, of fulfil any other olisect fallinig
within the scn o ohernwer.
In negotiating the tresif fo0
non0 of Texas iil 'whic $
Senaiei nI-iies fr
ruind or heari
ig a In e
not ben to~y as"b,~ ian
. nI r. 'lay;alsoin a
len thiSWbfa boZ
(~ir2 .il6llns liss calisltbiredy
~ nahaied itiiitsip' ri,
bamsti~ gjec;4-T repeLib*?thl sLt
saul1 uia the iary abd is iiego
Whdi 6jd& of mere peraldab iti i
any way coinnected ith 'oic' ecouid i e
inflinced the Administrain' iD negotia
ting fihe treaty? Thei-%biai-cirivesfur-'
nislled h srongest reasoi to believe
that the treaty t661d -avo met tlie on
qsalied* 'approal -of-botliMr, Cliyand,
M1r., Van Buren. While: he one wrs
Seciretary of State.:t Ai.'Adims, andi the
other todeneal J sckion, eadfisa.histurni
attempted to obtain "the unnexation of
I'exas| , -. :
r. diy's negotiations wascrido
with %exico in the thiid yearof ber rev
olutionary struggle, while Sin regaided -
her as a revolted province dd her armies
were in,posscssion of niany.of the strong.
hold. of the counry.' What eason, then
could I have hid for supposing.oiranfin -i
ltant that a. treaty wilh' Teas,' Iafere
yeara. 9r acinal independiecel with'"no
Mexican soldier ivithin her terricory, and
subject only Do p'ccasional border.interrup
tions, could orwould haie mie withop
position' fron hil'm or his frien'd?. and.
meeting- ih :no such oppbsitio-on tho -
part of eithe Mr. Van Buren or Mr. Clay;,
mad igei'r friends,'it would puzzle a sonder
Casuist than I profess to be, to co'nceivo in
hai.posibe ivay it could have interrupt
ed the relations. of those two gentleinen,
wh'o stood at the head of feir respective
Parties* and. were looked upon by all as
?ompentore fur the Presidency. it iswelL
nowni hat, when the nejotiatioti fr the.
ccuisitilni-6f Texas was commenced and,
1p to ariod siceeding the signing .of
he ' rea!y, it sis g ozfidgn: conviction
-xpressed to .:naqy-that'it-would, from
he circunistancesv-hiae stated,receive
he support both-t6*Ci' la .and Mr.
Ian Buren, so that ner iiiwould
Pe effected by its negotiation
If it had been charged shat. Milln.
stration was prompted by the R o_
eCuting the. greatest boon toshe.cor
tnd the, whoe country,'in acqu itio a
erritory so important in itself and W
eparately. connected .ith the interest
iyery State in the Union, and every inte
at of the Union, I would have plead gul
y,, without am'oment of hesitation. I
onfess' felt ambitious. to add another
riht star to the American constellation.
t wouid' have ben' a source of pride to
nei if th'a't M'eaure 'd been carried, to
Pave wiinesseo from the retirement that.
vaits me, the anuual expansion of our
oastwise and forei,;n rade, and the in
ireased , pr.sperit.y .,of our agriculture and -
nanufactures, throu'gl the rapid growth of.
['exa; .which wouil4 have followed the
arificantion of the tieaty. Yes, I freely
onfe- that this would have furnished me.
a utnfailin'g source of gratifieation to the
lid of, my life. I should have seen also
ne Union, ofthe.States becoming stronger
Ad stronger throughf their reciprocal af
ection -local jealousies suppressed, and,
anotica.l.. schemetand schemers alike
Prostrate... ' should have witnessed the,
lessed results of our Federate.system as -
i eliraceif the finest couniry in the world
itd. brought under ts influence a people
levotedhlike ourselves to the monitamnance
itnd preservatioi of fr~eidrnmnent.
. This was t be kind',of a'mbjtion which
3rompted the nejbfiatiaiiiin ort'Al Treaty.
te ratifikatigr'vwas'the sol liirwhieh
sveied, i4(id'all that JEnow dgslre. What
tinisler notives couald have, have originated
he negotion at this. ime,'thudicd not did
ixist in~ 1827? Whana theie of t
av~e .rejideredi a Trea,ty infatmous which
Jid .nt pxtitithen? - 3it be said thlat we
had a' Treaty! of' iits wth biiao,I
ask tf, in.1821, wehaudtnot alsip ptreaty
if itmits..with Spaii? We had repogised
thae independence, of hiexico(.and, there
fd're, virtually elahned. that we ad a per
feet rig'ht to treat,prfo~r the annexatton of
T exs aid in fact if ve had so pleased,
for. M eico eitre. .. .tGbt years ago we,,
reconinsed..Texas .ae independent, and
surely our right Jo .negotiate. with he,
implied no ,worse faith than in 1827 to
negotiate with'. Moeicfdrl het -'
.The.-idlea. tiat becaurte digtfesatance -
of a Treaty of' LiJm~It~wih~.'pf natiion,
we must forever therahier deny toalpit
of .the territor-y ofui'natipn.right oiC
revolgtton or chabge,ean onlv fxcite; with
ani .Ameriean catizen,:a sjnmle. Was it
deemed necessary,.int827,1 co.onsuk .the
States, ioasuli the .Seqtate, or- to consult
ho Housteof R'epresentatives.,oi the peo
pl?-T,. .Was jt..considered :necessary to~(''
nhta thoasent of ever .Stati a would
a Treaty ofannexation?. Vtbessenfo
every: State. is necessary, the .iay w
bid ad'ieu to, the prospect of'annexi9..
now or :hprepfter. The consrita'tiont de
volves .tihe Treafy mbkiugpo eran two
thirds of' the Stiates.t io'gh thbeir Senators
and it is altogether a ,iew doctrine, that a
treaty shiould not he negotiated .tht-~
the essent of all.. -
Dangelr to thle Union through bhe ee
ciue .of the power oi a conatitutionaf a~~
pority in the makinic o1a"Treaty sao
trin' for athe 'titne saeradizav