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ing no tondation in poin of fact. I regard
the preservation of the Union as the first
great American interet I equally disap-.
prove of all hreats of its'dissolution,
whether'iy roceed from the North or
South.. Jhlcry of my countyit-safe
ty and y alike depend onan .on
and be ho -1ould c6ntemplate its de
structiona- even for a moment, and form
plans to accomplish it, deserves the deep
est anaihemas of the human race.
I believed, and still believe, that the
annexation of Texas would add to its
strength, and serve to p irpetuate it for
ages yet to -come, and- my best efforts,
while ieinain it) office, v-ill be directed
to theTsecuring its acqluisition, either now
uttay. Wh-ether any effort will
Rt6secure thisobject, since the rejec
Sthe treaty, remains still to le seen,
audd6ned all hope upon the suibject,
shall be esteemed necessary to obtain
orithe approval of every State. The
cas raily. ocure that any treaty receives
th Uaninpus appfval of the Senaie.
S e1ee9 gfl n, in justice to
niyui to mgke th e a in ,with
drwing. roin he'postio' l hich my
frieids: had:- placed m mig, :it present
'ther inquiries growing out of hecourse
of ihe AdiinIstrtion, b6thb-inregard to
our, domestic and foreign. reistionioIw.sI'i
which principles have been mattaiined,
which arrest the attention of future and
even remote Administrations-but let
what I have said suffice. All that I ask of
my countrymen, is that a candid review
of my acts, and an impartial comparison
of the condition of the coutintry now with
whtat it ras three years ago. I appeal
from the virtuperation of the present day
to the pen of impartial history, in the full
confidence that neither my motives nor
my acts will hear the interpredation
which has.for sinister purposes, been placed
upon them. JOHN TYLlIl.
From the .dbbeville Banner
THE PRESSENT TARIFF.
Much is now said as the propriety, and
neccessity..of immediate State action. to
throw off the burden of this oppressive
rneasure. Judging from the press of the
State, a very large majority re opposed
to immediate action, and in favor of ' bi
ding our itme.' It is certainly not impos
sible, should Polk become President, fur
a reaction, in favor of the South, to tahe
place; and yet. judging from tle past. such
a thing is hardly probable. It may be
said with the certainly of prophecy that
the North will not consent to give tip the
money which they pocket by the Tariff
for Protection so long as they see a spirit
at the South too craven to resist it. We
think it equally certain. that when the
thole South shall become determined to
mau at the risk of the Union to reduce this
oppressive measure to a revenue standard,
the acquiesence of the North. in such re
duction wll be obtained. It requires but
little inforination to see, that, by a disso
lutiotn of the Union the North would be
greater - losers than the South. The
South can exchange her raw material for
- Etglish goods. Where would the North
get her raw materials 'froinl So that
whenever the South the *bole South be
come true to herself justice will be done
her, and this iniuiqtous'Tariff will no lon
ger be heard an'd peace among ourselves,
will then erhaps be again restored to our
Ls ten, for the prem.ent, forbear, if
forathiag else than for the sake of har
Snioniing, so far as we can the democrat
icpart. Great prinriptes, besides the 1
Tariff. are involved in the present canvass
for President. Not to partictilarize, in
this canvass it is to be determined, wheth
er political honesty shall get the aseetnden
ey of political corruption, in this country;
-whether whig federalism, alotig wi'h
federal toryism and corrupltito shalr rake
precedence of thte primnative demtocratic
aim plici'y, and sterling hutegrity oif our -'n
cestors. If the w higs succeded, the form
er priciples will be the order of the day ;
if the democrats, the latter So that apart
from the other great primcipres which will
be establishetd, by the success oft thte dem
ocratic party honesty wou-li he established
over dishonesty-Truth over Falsehood.
For the sake thten, of atcomplisthing alt
end so necessary to the preservatioin of the
Union, let the South forbear, for the pres
ent, to take measures to redress- wruongs
* particularly oppressive to herself.
Dinner to the lion. R?. B. Rhett.-A
number of citizenis, not utnmindful of the<
courtesies due to their Representative and
desirous of hearitng his views and the I
views of other public men on thte absor
bing topics of State and National polities,
have in compliment to Mr. Rhett, made
arrangements fur a harbacue at Barnwe-ll
C. H. on'Saturday the 7th day of Sep,
tember. Mr. Rheti has accepted the irn
vitation. The Citizens of the District and
the Congressional District atnd the public
- generally are invitep to attend at an ear
- y hour;-Charlestor Mercury.
Encoura gemenat to Humble'Youth.-E y
cry boy in the country, whose lot is cast
iu a station encotnpassed with dlifliculties,
muay well take encouragement froem the~
-example of Col. PolIk. His boyhood was
spent in- the humblest wvalks of life, and
wlas dlevoted- 'to the severe drudgery of
daily toir.. IHis' rarther wa- a surveyor,
and,'inr his survey'mey ext~ursions, it- was the
business his of son to attend him for weeks
together in traversitng' the rugged cane
breaks which then- covered' the country,
throughaall'hinds of weather; tt, take care
of the pack'horses and camp aeccoutremnents,
and .to prepare the scanty meals for the
*- company. 'By a stiet adherence to virtue
and-a close and prolmpt perfortmance of all
his diuties, he has risen at the age of forty
nine years. to the high distinction of being
the standardthearer of the great Detmocratic
party; and in November nex-t will he chosen
to the highest office in- the-gift of fleemetn.
Thus are virtue. honesty, and perseverance
State Illections:-The next Siate-etec
tions are as fol1lowst Vermont, Septem
ber' 3d;- Maine, September 9th.- Soeen
States vote itt October, natuely :-'Marys
* ~ land, Oct. 2d;'Getirgia, Arkansas, New
* Jersey, P,-nnsylvania, end Ohio, Oei. 8th;
and South Carsiina, Oct. .1th4 The
Mississippi *Statti election takes place on
the 4th Nov.. New York on the thje~th.
and Delaware on the 12Zb.a..CkarLn Pas ,
TO THE PUBLIC.
HABURG, Aug.24 .
We deem it importanit, as well for the p
tection irthie Planter as the lorchant, that the
public should ti'corre'tly riformed, as to what
is the true stataing of thebtlls of the Bank of
Hamburg, both at home and-ab-road.
The Editorof the HamburgJouirnal, for some
selfish motive, has-thought-proper. from time
to time;to circulate through the m'dium 9f his
paper. a number of charges, touching the so]
veney of the Bank of Hambirg. For the pur
pose of aresting the fahe and nalicious denun
ciations of the Editor, we have thought proper
to solicit an investigation into the real standing
ofthe Bank, on which to predicate such infor
mation as the hill-holder might folly rely.
Were objects of the persecutionof the Bank as
well known in the country as tiey are here. we
should deem it quite unnecessary to notice any
of those misrepresentations.
On perusing his pager, you.will at once dis
cover the editor betray& his own ignorance; lor,
after telling you that the Bank is in a rotten
dondition, and cannot redeem her liabilities, he
turns round and quotes her bills at par in
Charleston, the great omporiuti: of the State.
Now it really seems to he a strange sortof logic.
that to render the standing of such an institu
tion doubtful at homie, should have the effect to
increase her good standing abroad.
We make no attempt to ustain the Bahk.
she is amply able to sustain herself; but only
aim at placing in your hands, snch informanion
as will prevent you from submitting to any dis
count from the face of the Bills of the Bank of
Hamburg. We say to yon, on the amhority of
the authority of the Directors of the Bank.
iCoeieone, come all." that prefer Gold aid
Silver toher bills, and she will prointly sedeein
theni 7 She lino, likewise, compared to her
circulation, a large amount of Exchange on
Charleston and New York, which she will fur
nish at the-lowest rates, to all who wish to make
it is a well kInown fact, that the standing of
t:ie Batnk has bIen as good as that of any other
Bank in the State; since the first commence
ment of her isrises. to the present titne. nlways
paying specie for her bills (when other Batiks
%ere.) and checking.at the lowest rates at the
Thocitizens-of Hamburg. 1ield a meeting
this day, and appointed a Committee to wait on
the President and Directors of the Batik, and
to request then) to furnish the Commiiee with
such information as would enable them to give
satisfactory evidence to the people at large, that
the bills of the Batik are based on the best
foundation. You will see a public expose if
the standing of the flank. published in several
of the newspapers of the State.
The Committee of seven, appointed to wait
on the President and Directors, were H. L Jef
ers, G. Walker, M. R. Smith, Wim. Crn pon.
John Usher. John J. Howard. and A. Wray,
Esqrs, The President, Mr. H utchinson. cheer
rully submitted to their iiivestigationi, the affairs
of the Bank, and insisted on their miaking a
thorough examination of all the assets; but the
Committee.were satisfied after coniting Two
Hundred and Four Thousand, Eight Hundred
Dollars, and certify that to be the correct a
mount of' specie exy ibited for then t) con tst.
In conclu-ioo, we would say, the new crop
is niowready for tmasket. and we invite you to
Ltd n wth it. and as rr.nny as want Gold and
Sieirin preference to Hamburg Bank Bills.
shllihave it. Tie Bank has one of the best
Directions that could be selected, with an old
vtran in in banking affairs, at it- head, and
who has been, its years past. connected with
4everal of the Banks in lia State, and ac
knowledged by all to be an able Banker.
H. L, JEFFERS,
M. R. SMITH,
WM. CRAPON, Committee.
A.- WRAY, J
[)nbar& Burnside, Oliver Simpson,
E R. Hunter, W. Ketchum &. Co.
3erge H Chase, Sibley & Crapon.
L.. H. Brioks, Sibley & Usher,
las ljnbbard&Son, Howard & Garmany,
. Perpignan & Co. Smith & Benson,
f. A. Webster, Thos. G. Dickson,
. A. Benrick, W. W. Gray,
ienkell& Robinson. Lindhey&Cumiiingbanw,
owler & Wright, Feumatn & Burch,
ohn F. Ojsborne, 8. C. Schtroder.
Villiam H ill. John N. Oliver,
ehmaies & Bi others, T. C. Rtislu'y & Co.
~eorge L. Aniderson, Edward Adamis,
I. B. Church & Co. Thos. Kernaghan,
lerbert & 0ffy,. D) D Pittkett,
lliott & Parks, Jonhi E. Me 'Donntald,
Howard & Woodruff.
Proceedings of a meeitinsg of' the citizents of
u cnbtrg, held in the Trown Ha~ll. Hambbiurg.
. C.. Aug. 24. 1844, to take into cotnsideration
n article which aptpeare~d ini the Hlamburg
Yournal of the 2Ist inst. charging the Bank of
Iatburg its buitng insolvent.
The mteeting. was orgaunised by appomtting
I. Gray. [:sq.. Intendanti, as Uhnmeman, an-l.~
ir..H. A. Keinrick, becretary~
The Chairnvmn.btiefly stated the ohject of
he mneetinig-thte- imjrious effects uipons the
rade of Hlambiurg,-withs sneh-chartgesacre can.
ulted to- produce, if bslieved-the t,-nidetncy
if such reports to divert trade t. othes c'htnn
tel, and the' importane of ascertainion if
here were any just grounds for tmakinig suchi
~harges as hads up peared ini thu. Journal.
H-. L. Jeffers, Esq., offered the following pres
mible antd resolution. which were unanimnously
Wheras,certain publications have ajp peared
n the H- amnburgJournal which, in their tenuden
:v, are calculated to injure the staniding anmd
epreciate the billst of the Batik of H-nambirg.
snd thereby affect the commerce and mitrenns
ie initerest of this place: 'Flterelore, as we,
he citizenus of Hf amiburg, believe it to he our
privilege and a duty we owe the public. to-in
res'sgate' this matter, so as to liay the truth he
Fore them, be it
Rsol, Trhat notwithstanding we haive the
utmost conifidenice in the sail' esncy and manage
ent of the Bank of Hamburg, yet for the sa
isfactions olf the -public generally, a 'omilli ee
af sevetn be appoinuted to -wait upon the Pre'si
senit anid Directors and request them to give
themt a true statement of the cotnditioni of said
Bank, as ailso to) isivestigate anud report thie re
silt of their investigations to this' mueeting.
''Te following gentlemen were appoimied a
Coit~tee agreeably to the above resolution :
Walker, A- Wray, J. 3. Howard, John Usher.
The Coinitnee retired to-make the necessa
ry eamlinadtionss, atnd.oni their reinrnm, offered
the followinig. Report, which was unanimously
M r. Chairman-Your' Committee, in ficcor
anee with the resolution passed at this meet
ing, waited on Hi Hiutechison, Esq,, Presidet
f tle-Bank of-Hamburg, who-'readily gave us
such infutrnation as sattefied-us. He has also
ecopaied-us- wiih a report,-which, if desir
d, he will read to the meeting
The meetir g htavinig signified-its wish to htear
Mr Hutchisoti's report of- the state of the
ak, lie read to them the following corres
pondence and-Report of the state of the Bank
. HavaRG August 2d, 18dd-4
To the President and Directors of the-Bank of
Haurg, S. C.
Gentemen-At a meeting of the citizens of
this place: held this miorning, to take info con
tiderationthe several representations made im
he'Hamburg Journail, respectinig the Bank of
Elamburg,.and themerchants and others doing
nsiness with it. There beingano Directors or
Atticer or the Bank present, to give any infor
muati6iraon the subject~tle underaigned were
ippoiited a Committee to call on youa for that.
We know that so far as the Balik is con
cerned, it can take care of -itself-but the eom
inerce of this place, by. which we get'our liv
ing, as well as for the satisfaction of those at a
distance, render it. necessary that the public
shouldknow "the truth, the whole truth and
nothing but the truti," as regards the -institu
Wewould therefore respetfilly ask you to
give in a fill and correct statement of the pres
cntcoidition of the Bank of Haiburg-also,
the losses. ir any, the Bank has sustained by
the merchats and citizens of Hamburg and
elsewhere. during the last twelve months.
This request is made from no idle curiosity, but
mpei ely to enable tis to put down what we be
lieve to be misrepresentations, that may injure
us. as well as others at a distance. and for the
sake of truth and justice.
Respectfully yours, L. JEFFERS,
. . R. sMITH,
A. WitAY. .
BANK OF IAMURG SO. CA,
Ak u ait 24, 1844.
Otntlemen:t Your favor of this morning is
before me, and it gives mue great pleasure to
coinply with your request. The statement
showing the condition of this Bank is imade out
every week for the inf6rmation of the Direc
tors, and'I herewith enclose you a copy of the
last. as fuirnished on yesrerday. The Batik of
Hamburg being ready at all times to meet its
circulation or any of its liabilities promptly., i
was not thought necessary heretofore to soctre
the repeated scurilous cfervesences of an irres
ponsible -Jonitril." and it is only in a sense of
pumoper respect due to yo, and those you rep
resent. theat it is done now It mnst be evident
to every impartial citizen. that the "Journal"
has lecen for the list twelve months drawimg in
its own poisons. It has actnaliy lackguarded
iielf to death. and began on the etst to weave
its own widing sheet, offering five dollars a
hlead ror pall betrers, and cryiig aloud fOr
muourners. Neither the Baik nor any of its
managers have had any thing to do in the tour
derous affair, either directly or indirectly, and
it is only on your account that we disturb its
remnins. I cantot imagine what iduces the
reputed editor to pursue the course he does. It
lie knows any thing he knows lie is giving vent
to a tissue of unt uths. hut if he knows noth
mg(which is said to be the case) then he should
I do not entertain a doubt but what another
is the secret mover of the whole itfair. if so, we
sould not be surprised at nlly thing. "-Haa
man will never be satisfied while Mordecai sits
an the gate." As to the new pressspoken ol, I
know nothing sa'e this: Mr. Cochran asked
us, anoiong ot hers to subscribe, which we read
ily did, and we asked others also to do the
aine, believing that a decent conuionity is en
ticled to a decent newspaper. but if uniortir
niately his should prove ant idecent one, I far
one will withdraw froin it, and if every other
snbscriber will do the same, it will die aluo. It
is disreptable to any community tie patronise
at licentious press. lie who caters to licen
tions appe-tites aids in demoralizing the commu
iLtV, and im a disturber of tile public pence and
harmony [in reference to Col. Piciatss and
this intended newsptper I know nothing.
I doubt very much if Col Pickens (who I un
derstand is absent from the State) kinowys that
the prioject is in contenplation. tne thing is
very certain, there is no combination between
the Bank. and hinm on this or any other sub.
jet. I do no not believe lie will get one vote
ot of the whole direction and officeis of the
Hlairkt. although lie is the personal fti-nd of
many of un. Ftiendship is one thing and poli.
tiaem annther and a very different thing. In
Sonth Carollina the lauer Is been found deci
dedly the stronger So inuch for the '-Journal"
and its reputed murderers.
I will now call your attenton.to the statement
of the present coudition of the Bank of Ham
Ytou will perceive that our
circulition is $420,880
Our coin ill the vault is $204.860 09
Due us in Charleston, 64,617 45
o " New York. 54,84-6 24
..-Savannah and Colmwlhia, arid
specie paying Batik Notes in Batik, 2,561 18
M akingur all $32ti,e43 96
Whiich aneonuit, if applied in redeeming ocur
circulatin, weculd leave a hahdanla.ce ol $94,.
016 01 to- be-provided for out ofthie exeunge
dire within 3t) days-the hotes and- the Batik
stock and (teal l-state owned by the Bank,
ramounting ini ail to $6l9,%67 40, without the
Batkmg (House and Lur, anid the bonus ac
ouit, a hiich. after ta-kinig up the ent~ire circula
tion, will leave a balunce of: 455, 36; this,
of course, belongs to the steockhoulders. bhould
any loss hereaifter ccur, so as to reduce the as
sts beloew $500,000, it could only allret the
stocklders. n' lii wotuld,-on a final closinig up
f the niinirs gef the Brink. have to cutntent
ilermseveni with less than ain per share, (be
ing the amroiunt paeid ini,) wvhichr could injure no
naO who was not a stckhiolder.
It has beena withr a vi,-w oaf keeping thainge ina
this favorabh,: eoiidition, buc'h as cegardts the
ill1 hldb&trs arnd stocklwlders, that we have de
clined. of kate years. to miake a dividenid of
inore thian & per cent., eveni whe-n we had the
means oft duinig su,. Sourh Caroclinta is- riot the
soil to grew mnunhrioonied Bainks--naothatg hut
a riountd cuirrenicy Wi,~ or should dii her citi
Thle niext thing is. as to our customers and
the lesses sustainmed by them during the last
season. -rThe Brank of kiamiburg hs beeni in
operatoni eight yeats. The entire losses of the
Ihntk by the eitzenrs of this place, arid, I will
add Distici, do trot reach twelve thronenr.d
dollars, or fifleen hurudred dollarra per annum,
and in every instance when a loss has been sos
taied, I. can, consictenrnoitely,-lay one hand
tii pn my heart, anid the oilier 00 the tmsolvent's
ie-ad. and say "thaou art a poor, but art honest
uaan."~ 1 iinderstaind much has been sand, as
reg ards thre loarac on cotton in H amtburg during
the heist season; that heavy losses were matde
during the latter hart of the seasoni, threre can
e no doubt, thtis must be evideca to every one,
btt the persons ini Hlamburg, who wete the
oers ini the latter part of thei seasonr, mrade
large profits in its connntiencenment, by the pur
chase of cot ton rat 6 to B cents, and selling at ini
New Yord ad Ctharlestona at 9 arnd often at 10?
and 11 cessu. This enatbted them to sustain the
heavy losses in the spramg and those losses, so
far as thre Batik is conicernted, were all paid, ex
cepting eight thioiisand, four hunidred dollars:
of this, we expect to lose $5,000, certainaly not
more, anad it requires this aimount to-make the
autm of twelve thtoutsand dollars. that tne Bank
has -lost a-rongh its e~inens in the space of
eight years. rTe lossesof the Bank for the
last twelve months. ini Hamburg atid elsewhlere,
cannot r-eh the surpluis made arid carried to
that accounct after the dividends- or 6-per cent
to the stockholders.
In conaclosiona, I woul now say, thaat as truth
will prevail, the merchants here have nothing
to fear from the slang of the "Hamnbarg Jonr
I never knew a prudent. indusetrious and ,an
kaoast mrerchant, who did not harvegood friends
and plenty of customers.
With great respect,
Your friend aid ob't. servant,
H . HIUTC HI80N, President.
To- Messrs. H. L. Jeffers, M. I. Smith W.
Craponi, A Wray, G. Walker,, .J J.iowardr.
Statement of the Bank of Hamburg, S. C. Aug.
Capital stock, $5000,000 00
Bank'notes in circulation. 420,880 00
,Surplus funds, . 23,340 52
Profits since 1st July last, 8,251 63-31,592 15
Deposites, 19,8o 24
Bank lot and buildings $14,397 94.
Balance on bonusaccount, 9,900 00
Real estate,* 11,903 50
Personal property, 600 00-12;603 50
Bank sto.ck,t 59,430 00
Notes receivable, 463,821 10
Exchange do. 56.532 07
Notes in suit and injudg
ment. 25,980 73--547.333 90
Contingent expense since IstJuly, :18 77
Salaries since July 1st, 1,043 32
Due us from banks in
Charleston, 64,617 45
1 "6 New York, 54,P25 24
4" Savannah 57 18
" Columbia, 295 50-119,795 37
Specie, 204.860 09
Insolvent brink notes, 840 00
Other B. notes, (good) 2,218 50-207,918 59
The item (real estate) after paying inar.
ance and, all contingent expenses, retu:ns a
dividend over 10 per cent.
t The Item (bank stock.) is made tip of South
Carolina and Georgia stocks, taken iii payment
ofdeits due the batik, at their relatice value
when receiced in payment
A mionthlv statement of funds in the cities of
New York aid Chariestoin, S. C., as per ac
count current rendered moithly, fro'm Mer
chants Bank, New York, and from Bank or
Charleston, S. C.
Funds in Vunds in
N York. Charlest'n.
Irrbank, July 1, '13 $127.602 45 $14,711 22
". Aug. 1. 87,170 73 - 15.754 94
" Sept. 1, " 54,195 13 7,807 77
Oct. 1, 30,7t69 59
Nov, 3, 1 19.948 78 31.807 53
Dec. 1, " 7,290 92 34,608 47
Jan. 1, '44 35.197 4S 16,71 78
Feb. 1, " 73,316 50 49.167 49
March 1, " 63.058 04 3,004 23
April 1. 93,118 55 54.359 48
" May 1. 126,601) 23 22,055 78
June 1. " 182,704 82 5,74t< 96
July 1, " 156,594 79 18.604 47
In aildition to the abuve table of Funds in N.
York and Charleston, we always have more or
less in Savanith and other p-ointit, which we
deem unnecessary to furnish tables of.
H. L. JEFFICRS. Esq.. offered the following
Resolutions. which were unanitwoisly adopited.
Resolved. That -we view with deep regret ilie
efforts that have beer ivaitonly made to in
jure the business of this place. or to produce
distrust in the mintids of the bill holders of the
Bank of Haib'urg.
Resoled; From our pitdvions knowledge,
coinected wiith this day's investig .tion of toe
conditiohn and inanagemeit of we Baik df
Hamburj. we hold her hilts as eqn:d to any
Bank in the State, and eqmivalent to specie.
On nioti-n of 1. t SMITH. Esq.. it was
Resolcea, That the Chairman and Secretary
of thid meetiig sign the prirerdings, aid tihat
the fowswing papers be requested to piiblisi,
the proceedings- Airgusta Chronicle and Sen.
tinuel, Chalet.,n Courier, Charleston Mercury,
Edeefield Advertiser, Greenville a1onutaineer,
Pendleton %lessenger. Abbeville Banner. Am
derson Gazette, Spartanbirg Spartain. Tem.
peratnce Advocate-; Colu'inhia, and as many
orher papers in this State and North Carolina
as are livorable to lurnishig true infsprimtiiai
to their readers iii rehnior to- the towni of lum
burg and the Bank of Hamubure.
31. GRAY, Chairman.
H. A. KENRICE. Secretary.
Hamburg, Anyust 243, 1844.
XTThe undersigned, appointed a committee
to make tin examination into the affairs of the
Batik ef Hamburg, hereby rertify that they
made an examiiation on Saturday,- whieh vat
isfi,-d them although they had iiht time t. ex
amino in detail aid give the result cf their iu
vestigations to the meeting. At the4 regnest of1
the Presiden? of the Batik temey have to-day
coiuted the specie in its vaults. Examinied the
saitunnts Current rendered by thme lianks ofl
New .Ymik, Chairleston, &c. Exatni.,ed thie
books of the Batik. counted their notes. not in
circuletion, andl find the statem,-~nt of the Pres.
ident stubstantially correct. opiecie ini vault,
$204,860 09. Circulation, $420.880.
H L. JEF~fER>S,
M1. IR. SIlil,
J. J.- HOW ARD,
*lamborg, Aagtst26. 1844.
From the-Correspondent of the Anderson G'a;.
HaSJBUaU, Aug. 23, 1844.
Business generally is quite dull wit - us
which we presume is oiwmn to the fact
that manty of our merchanis are off layi-na
in: 'he fall and winter st .eks andl the very
smatll quantity oh protduce selling. There
is very litile Cotton selling, prices range
from 45 ito 6 ets , sotmething ve'ry choice
would briing 6k. We huae hail some 8 or
10 bale of niew Cotten in n~ark.*t fear
5j and 6 cents-the quality was only lair.
There is considerable Flour comring
which meets with dull sale from 4j to 4j,
principle sales 4h, and that irade~d out in
You may perhaps have seen soine pub.
lications and heard rutmors that was cal
culated to injure the standing and repre-.
ciate 'bhe Billsof the Hank of H.etnburg.
We doassure you ihat all sueh publications
and rumors are false and without the least
shadow of fo'undation.-the Bank H amburg
is safe and sound and her bill. as good- as
The following are the contents of the
Southern Agriculturist for September :
Conltent-Suagstlre'uProofs of Assim
ilation of absorbed H-trmu, and Remarks
ott Liebig's Theory; Overseers, by Frank
lia; Sea Weed as a Macnure; To take
Film from a Horse's Eye.; Observatiotns
Addressed to Platnters in Soiuth Careolina ;
SgarBeot, by J. W. B. anad cuhivation
of, from the American Agriculturist; On
Runst itn Cotteon, by Sea Island ; How to
Destroy the Worm in the Green Pee ; E x.
Periments in the Manufacture of Coern
Stalk Sugar, by Marcus Adam<,. Esq.;,
Proceeding of the Agricultural Society of.
South Carolina- R. WV. R oper's Report;
Planters and Ovecrseers, by a Phfanter;
Experiments with Mari; Sneccessfull Mar
ing ; Insects which atrtack the Tlurnip;
Sulphate of Ammonia, Sulphate of Soda
nd Nitrate of Soda; Guano; Cure for
Burns; Water Finders. somejmea called
Waler Witches; Horse Nose Bags-, Sim
pe and Effectual Remedy for Hlove in
Ca tle; Fnll Transplanting of Fruit Trees; I
Fall Fondder for Cattle;- Salt on Hay. I
Feor the Adteetiaer.
GigF.N.'S SPRNGs. Aug. 21d-4
Deadr'-The Glenn Spring estab.
lshmientii been this dy sold at Public
outcry ror $12,400 to Mr. Timmerman,
the present very agreeable 'and obliging
host. It could not have fallen iniu better
hands, so far as the coinfort andOcconuno
lations, of the 'mineral water-seekimg and
pleasure travelling cominunity are inteies
ted. He is a seibilo, polite. and accom
modating gentleman in -his character of
host. and spreads before von as good and
well furnished a- table in. all the esseutiils
if good eating, asany you will find in the
State in such establi.ihments. I flatter
myself that this watering place is destined
to he the most valuable. and moni freqen
ted of any in the State. It is the most
effiracious sahme water that I have ever
used, and I have visited Saratoga, the dif
ferent Springs in Virginia, from- the Jo
to the Grey Sulphur, and many of those it
Soth Carolina. For'many of the dimen1
ses incident to a Southern climate, IVregard
them as a sovereign reiedy There-.arb
now in the publie home arid in the cbins
not less t han from 400 to 500 persoas.as-as
certained by actual compitation.
I have been at this place far 10 or 12
days. I have enjoyed opportunities of
conversing with gentlemein froin various
quarters of tho State upon -the interest
ing and in some places exciting tippics,
which are now heing agitated hefbre.ine,
people. To the oft repeated question.
what is the proper course for Souli.Caro.
linh to pursue. in I-er present situation, I
have heard hui one response. There is in
fact in this region or the State but one
opinion, i. e. that -he State shaould forhear
all agitation of the questions with which
!he is at issue with the General Grivern
ment. ati especially that she should sus.
pend all State action until after the Presi
dential election. Thi. ias. seemed to me
as the wisest and better course, not only on
the grnttnd of prudence but propriety.
The State consented to go iuto Conven
tion wilh the Democratic party of the
Union, which was proposed to be held at
iBtltidmre. for the purpose off selecting
c-indidattes for the ome of Pre4ident and V.
President. She was represented in formtally
it is true at that Convention.andt gave thro'
the State delegates her sqation to the
ntamtaiinntion of le.g'rq. Polk and D tilas at
the meeting held in May last. Up-on.the re
Wrt of those dlegates ie the State. & upon
the dissemination of the news.f the Torn
ination of these gentlemen for (he respec
tive offices, the Denitocratie party throuagh
out the letgh'and breadth of her borders
ratified with unanimnity. aid in many in
st ances with' enthusiasm these -nonina lions
At the very time of the rawifica-tion of
-hase noinitiaison,. resolutions % ere passed
pltedgin the- party from the sea hoard to
the modutaids. tN the use of alt honorable
meansto promote fite eletio'n of rhe se
leted candidates, Is not thep party thero.
f..re in hoTnor and good fatf bound to re
deetm iils ofr rejeald. pledges ? If not.
what has released the party rrohif.moral
obligation which it thea voluniarily as.
simed ? Mr Rhiet' and Mr. Stewart
will answer that Mr. Polk has deserted
his principles of free trade-that lie has
played traitor to the Democraric party.
and gone over to the doctrine of the
iariff party. as indicated by his let'er to
Mr. Caine of Phildelphia. I do not so
understaid him. At all events. I am not
dispozed ito weigh a rtmewhat doubtfuil
par-graph igainst the whole tenaor of his
pliblic life. with his public professions and
recorded votes in favor of all measures fo
(ree trade. and against all measures .f re
striction. I n ill not bee gutilty of the folly
of wricghing he substaince with the shadow,
anal in tmy unresotiable alartm allow the
shtadoaw to scare tme from my propriety. I
wats pleased with the edittirials itn otir
papet cif the 14th instinnt. ~They counsel
moaderaitionr, atnd a hearty ro ttperationi of
the tparty in promoutiing the electioin of the
Demrocratic candildates I believe it to lbe
he tatne pitlicy of rthe S ate, the only tine
in coansontanice with our 1lightedl haitnor
and good faith. The general feeling of
chree fo'urth- It.tf the State is itn favoir aifthis
course. Eatch indivi~lunl niuh whom I
have a-on-versed is int favor of a a quiet po
citiotn tof the Stat~e until after the Presidetn
titil election. atnd fur suispentdintg of all ar
tion ait least unitil we shall have received
the first message of the President elect,
andl th-- meas~ures which shall be adopted
at the first session. Let us give a fair
trial fair one sessian to the comring acdmiin
istriatiotn, amid see what it wvill do, is the
ctommton remark ott the subaject from every
qutarter ex-epat froci thte helligerenit Parisn
of St Luke's. itat it may bte asked, what
is the State tn do ini the evetit that no tre
lief is extended to us. My reply is, snffit
cienat for the day is the evil' thereof.. k
will be time etiutgh to diecidet this questio~'
when all reliance otn the General G wen
ment shall have failed. .When oatpam
otic hopaes of a returning sense 'f"uuse
Ott the part of ouar exactors ah~lhtv
provied illusitry. Ofotie fact I:ampec3I'
persundedm in miy ownt miind, that tf any ae
tionl shall be resorted to in opposition to
the tariff, thtj stater will be forced toinae
alone. She can never procure i' colope
ration of the Socathern 8tates inanj ea
sure of re~iiancte through the agiie'of a
Conventtion. Beforet a Cotivenrioli could~
be assemnhled alier the next Gohress wany
of the Sotuihertn States will b fities are
not already in favor of the.t ai~
N art i Carolina o our nor hi5 r tlhi
be a Tariff dSte. Gengtia on h istih
of us will he~faundt in favog of tesame
polhicy. and Tetmnessee othe iveat will
follow in the train.. -We shhillbh that ime
he sturrounded by Tarifl States canall sides.
except our sea board. Misstippi ;dn4 o
isana will take a neutral grawund and cer
taittly will not eaxtead eithir-aid or encotur
agetnent. and Alaibacma, ofejting a po
slii between Georgia anid Jasssitppai,
wilt be cotnstrainted. by policy aan;terest
from embharkitng itt the cause2 "bhne
then are we to look. for asyttpath f ilwien.
couiragementt What hope c c~6eag
sontably entertain of a union a ~
tiotr ofotur Southern sisters i opisie
frotm this quarter. But I am na*iti lna
hope. I huelieve- that the doct iidofree
trade, in accordance with the ~ itut al
object of government, are o e
the principles of truth and'jttstice nc;tat.
they must ultimately prevail. -I (rle
believe that~ tile sjeto?..oA2stricI a-s
vearing out; and, that tiuegoo 1
ige %iill-esplo..det in -a-fewk
ny dear sir, the6atfi::i bt
vital question Vth'e
-erniedeand upon tes
nd Anoiter itndii -.W ques
isdoily gre*ing' i ys te
in less than ten years F
eernment to the centre, unl p vid 5
igainst it initidie Ihis i h~le quetiot
-and that fest.ring.pague t i l
hinism hat are now.tii a
ranaltie delusitrtt in .s aces
rtiissb onlyquesto, oil
Soiliern States into i-ited Ti ihe
only. Wee tha-cin bring n a gen,
a' Coivention,"wbere-:We aotec
solemn consultation f(orI ip e.
Rind .the safety vf'oufr reades-D ars
This is a great questionind itcnonIe a
with .Texas. an-American questron u.,
which. ifwact weland t IiCelyWe
safe in defiance of-all thie cffdsfG ro
Britain- "But if we dallyi ih
nThesere y honest oin
Bie.wort any.thing ihey-are a our
vi. 1 have written inlias e
Dven time -lhr theuededcorrec
- 4M , yours, &c
Eitrattef a letter from Georgiafafe
- . 5GU5Ts-r 184
AN AWFUL CAI&Ti-'
Th immortal -Hambargpia'udlwa
foutpd dead in the citylof Hamilur "0 the
21i insT.- Various conjecture9,Ana it
tli! excitement pervaded the whpo ofren"
munit) for A o dajs andnights.'"was
roncluded I' the-citizens to call a M'aliff
Meeting," and hold an - inquest over i
morial remains :.which bein, dne a ji
Df inquest was empannielled. and regess
ted to report.- Several m dicalientle
men were present, bui dotori.wvill.'difer
Siome,4aid that the Journal. had inbaled
poison.; others, that the "Young Monier,
had -'killed.ir, but on a full-inveshtion
of tie whole isstniony heju'ry were -
unanimoud in their verdiet-'That the:
immanortal Hamburg Jopiil ame tO its.
untimely end frombu1i10ig itslood yes
Sels, in - Riving V-t4T pa nate ""rI"
FOUL ABUdE of.QTH1fIS" Sone
sages pr'edici that the hstofth "iJour -
nal" will walk the "r'nm rL"N
this is an alarming 'aair;.niticiarly
ns the slanderoie propensity is coming.
very prev .leat-it infekuidusi. and in tost
eases fataL. espeiaill ai'ni-fhe 'edit .'
rial corps of' Soitifl Carolina rud Ge0i
where its prerno-nifory fyg.pfons are ver,
visible. n your philahfbrupe Siati
presume you will dt:one fotrn' .ili
Blackauard. Society'Y. i)es 'a6ll
tay chat, like: runis/N le"nginof
ihis disease Ie is degraded'sta'f6if opublic
niltrals; and that nothiugliu a 76ty of
reform" can arrest this great ind- wirowng
Please present mydotpi iets~,o his
Iltonor, Judge O'Neal when tiseehim,
raced call his atrenition tothisuhject All
endeavor' sfiould bie eipeditions, lest7h6
disease should break out aion'gthe Coons, -
The, Whigs of Hamburgldesere' great
credit by %hewing to r-e" orld.Abima isry
feeling wil'nt alost them to admit:a dog
and him fleas both to tone into their ranks.
We have a proof. of a redeeminig 'quality 4
in the citizens of Hamburg, creditable to
the State." Yuis. in great regard M M.
"P. S. Thjo'irnal'a d'iil hng an
effigf of '-Cllaf Frloliniise: and the
Hamhurg J"irnal" as being d'adi &6.,
last nigh. - This was doie'by the-Jourual
-so believed-in. order to ity .for some
Whig sympathy. Brr the Jourual icut
off by all WVhigs,' who go for "lawe anid or'
Mr Clay and Frelinghugvema uot be
united 10 such a paper- asg~ 'themabur'
For nmen' eel wisdonrsnijgdo pass
With no neore sebse t&,ir'Basaki's'Ass.
From the Greenville Mourntaineer.
Calamitous Fire.--t,. will be seeb by
he follons ineglster, chat our neighbors of
Lau renus Village. were visited by a destruc
tive Fire 'in Tuesday night last, by which'
a larue numbter of buildings and a greater
amount nf property has been destroyed,
thacn :at anj place of the samse size in this
State for many years. Let the citizens of
Greenville and other Villages receive this
ietancholy inielligetnce as a 'solemn
w arning, and cause them to be more care
full in futiure, andi better prepared to con
bat the devoiuring element.
L~Auaicis C. H., A og. 28. 1844.
>81g. Editoi-.-Onr-Village has again
liee the scetne of-a sad calamity by Fire
a-eiore destructive, by far, than any we
have ever bad . A hout 9 o'clock last night
(ceedayi a Fire et as discovered bet ween I
tigninnoccupied buildings, nearly adjoining'
'abih othier; in the Nornh-west cornerof the.
Pi i~s Square. one formerly occupied by
P 'Kennediy as a groeay, 'and- the
othr by Joseph Vance, as a Tailor's
Shikp and dwelling-bot b owned by .Sam.
nThe bsuildinge being of wood, andavery
old and dry, thebreri with tli'utmost.
rapidity, andi were sondestroyed." There
hiuiig no' Engir n the place todZ~si:I
deresting the neme the bouses on that
ineal bingjoined, except bysthe aarrowr
jail alley, scarcely an eflrt-was made to
stop it, until it reached the' opposite,:
ad South esest- cofnist7'of -the Squiare,.
where, by the greatest possible ejtertions
haid p everanse, asisted by th'e calmness
of' the inight, andafewjlarge China trees,
the store house of Samuel R. Todd, whiih
stood across the street opposite thelist
house on the burnt row, was providentially
s'ived.-Alt the buildings. between Sam'I
R. Todd. and'- Day's :Shoe .Shop-one'
whole row-kitcheeasad outt b'nuses, were
totally desiroyed,ihel~udinga Sam'L Flem
ing's Store, 'formserly knowtras Fleming
& Mill's Store. Samnuel Barksdale's Store
and dleeling.'owned by Barksdale &Saz'
oin, John S. Qsborne's Tavern, 'andNroco
ry, a brick house occupied by Richard:HirZ
as a Sadler's Shop, owned by Col. Irb.
mud a Store house ocreupied 'by 'J.
Blarksdale- as a' Grocery, and owned-by
Cot. Irby. The Goods furniture and -
groceries were genterally'saved, but very
much damaged. No lives were lost.M
The fire is believed to he the work'ofan~
incendiary, as is originated 4n'the inside'of.
a' house in which :tiere has not been fire
in several nmonths. The prinicipial suffer,
pr -ar Samuel- lemin6 ad SeauoI