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remember that at the South, except in* -ib
State, the question is whether the Tariff
is not a blessing, and whether we would
not be betieroff without Texas than with
her. This is an unpleasant truth;liotit is
the truth nevertheless. Is it not idle then
to talk of uniting the South-"fo all our
follies it is the motliest."
I have thus discussed. our wrongs, and
tlie remedies that have been proposed. I
have given my opinions trie more fully and
freely because I feel that my name can
lend them n6 fictitious importance. If
tunded in.error they must rall. If they
it can only he because "truth is
'ty and will prevail." But the ques
via-,still recurs -what is tn be done? My
.:,pmn- isthat the next Legislature should,
at is rst session, call a Convention of the
State., 'ons the Spring. Those
who expiect..reief. the President will
know w isl - 'l hav read the
a iilf a e s of jid i
ine wiethr their hopi are realied.
- The Kn gisithre ;hod , at the
.sameine,9'etnd a Cominiesiocrer teach or
"the Southern States, rquiestg them to
meet us in Convention some time duriug.
the Spring or Summer.' Let those Cmoi
siners report to our Convention whether
the Southern States will meet us. If ihey
will, our Convention.may adjourn to meet
again, to hear the recommendation uif the
Southern Convention, and act upon it.
But should our sister States refuse to meet
us in Convention. those wh6i, now, believe
that the South can be united will have the
-"occular r fof" that they are mistaken.
No one can then object to our State at
once- acting, who is not for "vile, calm dis
honorable submission." But act how?
- I confess my decided preference of Se
cession over Nullification. A mongst many
other reasons which might he urged, I will
content myself with mentioning that I be
lieve Secession woult he inure likely to
prove peaceable than Nullification.
To the charge of being a disunionist, I
reply that I love the Union, I believe,
equally as much as it loves me, or those
aimongst whom I live. Let those feel hor
r fled who please at this sentiment. "The
sacredness of the Union" and '-the divine
right or Kings" are argunents invariably
resorted to when t'yrauny becomes so in.
tolerable that no others can he urged. But
-what has consecrated our Union ? The
blood of martyrs? Not one drop was ever
shed for it. 'Twas for Liberty our fathers
bled ; nor was our present Union formed
till long after itht w as achieved. Shall
we preserve it l'en at the expense of lib
erty ? "Ye fools and blind ; for whether
is greater the gold, or the temple that sanc
tifieth the gold."
When I gaze upon the stars and stripes
memory will carry tme back to the day on
which I saw them streaming from the mast
head of the Natchez, and the flagstaff of
Castle Pinckney-their guns turned upon
Charleston. Can 1 forget seeing those
same stars and stripes floating over the
Arsenal of Augusta, whilst regiments were
there assembled for the purpose of inva
ding, not the State, but our own District,
to burn our houses and make desolate our
homes? Redress our wrongs, and time,
that destroys all things, -nay efface the
memory of this. Whilst I am no disun
term,,I will not tie guilty olt lrc tneatnrecss
and hy'pocricy of pretending affection
which none who has not the spirit of a
slav" enn feel.
I have written necessarily in great haste.
I have no time to correct or coudense. I
have written as I feel, utid. if it has the
effee of' rousing hut one muan from the f'1
tal lethargy which seems to have seized
atpon our people, I shall he content.
LOUIS T. WIGFALL.
September 16, 1841.
EvDuErvELD DISTRICT, Sep. 13, 1S8Il.
M1r. Editor :-I pro'mised not long since
to furnish you some partictulars in relation
to mhy experiment in makiing Syrup from
tho Corostalk. I had uhout two acres
planted] in Corn for my experimenit, in the
muonth of March last. Thie land selected
wtas origitially a high-laud pond, or at least
a large portion of it, anod rather damp for
planting so early. The conseqenmce was
that the statnd was-considerably injured by
the cut-worm, and had to Ire replanted.
rThe corn was plantedl in drilli, three feet
*wide, slightly tmatured wiih cotton- seedi,
ploughed twice and hoed but once. I dii
rected about the middle of .J-une, for all the
shoots to be stripped, and given to the hor
ses for food. Tihe object in strippinig the
shoots wvas to prevent the growth of tl,e
ear, so as to cnable the stalk to retain all
mihe sacharitnejuice. I was informed b'y
the boy, who attended the horses, about a
-week afterwards, that as the shoots wvere
strippedl, others soon appeared at the otiher
joints, dowimng no doubt to the luxuriant sap
in~ thestalk. I-then camio o the couclu
nion not to have~thie shuots immsediately
stripped, but to strip them as neetded for
food, and. get the full benefit of thetm.
lihen directed for my mules as well as
:horses, albout twenty head, to be regularly
fed from the shoots.
Though feeding thus bountifully a great
many of the shoots grewv into roasting
ears, which were freely used by thme family.
besides furnmishing my stock of horses and
mules with a sufficienicy of food for about
five weeks. The sap by this time became
fully ripe for my experitnent, and in fact
.1 rather delayed it ton long, as the stalks
liegan4 to fire. After saving the-' fodder
* te land yielded 17j gallons, of what l'-call
good Syrup to the acre. I piresent your a
specimen for your own tasie, and then you
w ~ill be better calculat-ed to judge of the at'
ticle. 1 also present you two specimens of
shell-marl, wihich I found not lung since on
the lands of M~aj.Tillman Watson, near
Peter's Creek, on the okd Chatlestoa-road.
-Yours, respect fullys
,MES . POPEG
We are int'ormed' by gentikman: who
ave just been to the north to buy goods,
that there has biean, since last year a very
considerable advance itr the price of coarse
condn sande wollen: The manufacturers
are dbi~ fiborishing business; and agri
eultural preducts are going. at the lowest
prices.-New.Cotton of the- finest guality
brings about siV centsin H'amburg and
Augusta.-What a gkto~ tarifI'has that
of '42-proved itself! 'e uced ii.
ces sure enough, but th u~joo~ s con
fined to the products of the laoue ofigh
.gx.. -Pemiruecn Messenger. -- AM
W.EDNESDAY. SEPTEMBEa 25.1844.
"fe will cling to the Pillars of the Temiple of
ourL iberties,andifit mustfall,cewill Prish
amidst the Ruins."
Democratic Re-AnnexaljhA& Tickel.
JAMES K. POLK. of Tennessee.
FOR VICr PRESIDENT.
GEORGE M. DALLAS, of Penn.
To Correspondents.-Ve have -received a
Communication. post marked Germanville,.in
thisDistrict, signed "A VoT.an," which we de.
cline publishing in conformity to our established
rule, vizi not to publish any communication
u naccodiapiied by a responsible nttnie.
We also'take this occasion, to request onr
rielids to studibrevity. Our paper is small,
our patrons, for whom we have to cater nu
inerous, and being-desirous that our Original
and Selected articlis should eibrace a rariety
of subjects, we-shallffor the future be under the
disagreeable necessity of excluding, or dividing,
aU. communicatiors over two and a half or three
columns in length. "A word to the wise is
We have on ot tAble a specimen of MadI
orLimestone, shown us by our enterprising
and intelligent citizen, Mr. James S. Pope,
which was found in the Eastern part of this
And also, by the same gentleman, we have
been presented with a beautiful specimen of
Syrup (or Motae.)made by himseif from the
earless stalks of Indian Corn, the remtnunt of a
We also learn with pletnure that fie has been
very successful In raising two-thirds of a Flori
da crop of Sugar Cane, on upland.
These experiments, added to his success in.
breedirg- fine h-wses and other stock, go to
prove beyond a d6nbt that, whether we ate
compelled or not. the eutcrprising and indai
trious farmer of Edgefield can live as free and
as- indcpendent or foreigi reso-irces, as anly
people on the globe.
"Give us but light," and stich a'spirit' of en
terprise would-be generally diffused throughout
our District, and such resources developed
therein, as wonid shame emigration and re
ward with a liberal hand the efforts of industry
And surely a farmer 3f such intelligence, en
terprise and public spi it, will meet with a cor
responding reward in the suffrages o' the free
and enlightened people of'Edg-bfiIl District, at
The great length of Col. Wgfitll's Cormn.
nication excludes from our paper, this week,
the Letter of Judge Cheves. which our readers,
we know, are impatient to receive. The.full
account of the Dinner to Mr. McDuffie, which
we could not omit, leaves us but little time or
space for any rematris on the address of Col.
We take leav'e hiowever to say. that we re
gret its appearance. It is calculated, we fear,
to do harm at home and abroad. it is uncalled
for and ill timed. Its temper. wec think, is
rather too h.'sh and v'iolent. Its indiscriin
ate abnse nnd denunciation of ste whole De
mocratic Pnrty are utnanthorized and unjust.-.
In its general feeling and tone, the address, we
hope atnd believe, will meet with no response
in this or any other quarter of the State. WVe
cantnot however, quarrel with the writer, for his
boldness and frankness are striking, and com
mnand one's notice and respect.
We repeat it, that we regard the adtdress as
ill-imed and unfortunate. The position of S.
Carolina- was never more serious antd grave.
G rear w'sdom, calm reflection', and t uited cottn
sels are demanded to guide her in sufety. ht is
no time for infbuanatory addresses. Our people
know their rights,-and we have no fears that
they with shrink from defending them. The
hope~ is generally entertained in the State, that
we may be relieved, if' the Denmocratic Party
succeed in the next Presidential election.
This hope, more or less sanguinely entertainted,
has induced the State with great tranimnity. to
forbear any' attemput at resistance, ai enter
with good faith into the support of the Demo
eratic Candidates; and every one who has paid
any attention to the canvass now penditng
knows, that- the inevitable effect of all infiama
tory addresses goes to aid ihe Whigs. The
Somhb ought not to be guilty of the folly of
electing air. Clay. It is well known, that a
rash movement of our friends in nnother quar
ter of the State, has already been used to aid
the fortunes of the Whig Candidate.
We say again to otur f'riends lorbear. Utilon
among ourselves is a sine gua'non, to t~e sure
vindicaitionoifour rights. Exhatust e'very remne
dy and every hope which any respectable por
tion of us may be disposed to confide in, and
then wvhen it becomes necessary let us, as a
united people, vindicate our rights, or perish
in the attempt. -
P:trtEzR TO.TER lioN. GEOs McDomt.
On Friday List about one thousand of thie
Citizens of Edgeseld,-with many of the Ladies
ofthe Village and vicinity, assembled at the
beatful Grove of- the Academy, tor'greet this
distinguished'gentlemsan, and to hear his opin
ions on the great political questions which are
now agitating the cottatry. At Hi o'clock- he
was escorted to the-ground- by ther Committee'
of Arrangemntis, and intolueed--to the meet
ingby the Chairman, F. H: Wardlaw, Esqr.
After a few appropriate remsarks-by the Chair
matn, Mr. McDuffie arose smid the cheers of
the& multitude, and the' countenances of all
exhibited the deepest interest in theocause, and
the warm'est aaintin'aitheman.
Hecommencid by reerzrhg-to thetime wbeal,
.he represented the Corigiessioial. District of
Edgefield and Abbevi*ireand declared that he
would now say what he had neverjaid before
to any. poition of his former constituency, that
throughout his whole career in the Lower
House he was sustained by a measuiret of con
fidence which was. never excelled, and 'that
amid all the delicate and embarrassing topics
in which it was his forttine to bear a part, he
had never for the first time asked himself the
question, shall I be sustained by the People of
Edgefield and Abbeville? No. He knew
that lie had but to make the best use of the pow
ers with which Providence had blest him, to
come to the discharge of his duty honestly and
conscientiously, and he would find a generous
response in the hearts of his constituents.
The first topic whih clainied his attention
was the Tariff. This lie regarded as perhaps
the leading questioii, and he devoted the most
of his time to the exposure of its monstrous in
justice and oppressioh. He denounced the
whole policy from its beginninig through the
successive stages of its progress, to its final con
summation in 1842.
Never, said he, was there a stronger itis.
tration of the truth than that tyranny should be
resisted at its very threshold. At first 'its ad
vocates were modest in their demands, pledg
ing themselves that if granted they would
never ask for more. But boldne"s came with
success, and the melancholy truth now stares
us in the face that nothing can satiate them
short of the utter destruction of the Cotton
growing States. Ile compared very particu
larly the Tariff of '32 which was nullified
by South Carolina with the Tariff of '42, se
leeting some of the leading articles to illustrate
the truth that the present Tariff is far iore
onerous and oppressive than that which the
State resisted. On cotton bagging, for ex
ample, there was comparatively but a small
duty when we nullified; now that article is
tded so high as to aninunt to a prohibition of
the foreign article. The singular truth is pre
sented,that while our great stalile .is lower
than it has ever been, bagging is higher. But
afLew years since the best Dundee naimuflar
lure was laidat the door'of the planter for 15
to 16 cs.,and Cotton brought20 cents, and now
Cotton is froi 4 to 6 cents, and the bagging at
such a pride as almost to ainountthc valun of the
Cotton. Upon whom does this monstrous tax
fall ? A nd for what end ? The Taiif is the
work of a combinution of men whose bond- of
ttnion is plunder, who. forgetting the great
interests of the confederacy, and dead to the
calls ofjnstice, carry their patriotism in their
pockets, and feed and fatten on their il-gotten
gain. What is the result of.this tax on bag
ging ? The growers of tieip, and Mr. Clay
aniong the number, are now making from two
to three hundred dollars to- the hand, while the
most skillful planter amoig us cannot make
more thaii from fifty to one hondred dollars.
He spoke also of the tax on Negro clothing.
And here, lie said, is presented a very apt ilhrs
tration oftlie tender sympathies of our North
eri brethren with the poor oppressed Southern
slave. They will take the very clothing from
hisback to minister to theiravuriee-nd cupid
ity. As nruch as they love the poor African'
they love money more. Great and expaiisive
as is their benevolence, with hearts bleeding at
the thought that a poor colored brother is in a
state of miserable oppression, they vill yet
rob him of his clothing and make him pay his
regular tribute to swell iheir unexampled opu
Mr. McDuffie selected but a fewv out of about
one hundred articles on which the duty has
been increased by the last Tariff. Thme sys
tem oppressive aind dishonest as it has al
ways been, is far more so now than formerly.
Its friends have grown wviser and more artful
by experience. At a tinte whien not as well
schle'uld in party tactics, they called a Tariff
for protectiona by its right name; but nowv when
the purpose is more distinctly to protect than
it ever was, when the rate ofdnity is far higher,
and the umnaiufacturers are reaping golden
harvests, they call it' by the modest, unassu.
ming name, of a Tariff for Revernuc. It is thmus
by a resort to-allsorts of' subterfuges, by mys
tiication, by promulgating the most stupid
opinions, and by a biold denial of the most set
tled principles of political' economy, that they
have succeeedilni deluthiing the American, peo
ple and in riviting iiuin them, I f'ear forever,
this foul and iniquitous system. Amdhg these
new-born pllitical axioms, for whlich we are
indebted to the inventive genilus of Mr. Clay,
is the oiie which justly claims to'be the funda:
mmnalprin ciple of the Trariff Party; that high
duties reduce the pirice of an article. In
other wvords, that the' higher you- tarmx an: arti
cle,the cheiaper you make it. An eminent p0
litical economist of the North, and a President
of one of their Colleges; said that ifayouth on
examination should give him such an opinion
he would be refused admuissijon, anid that Mr.
Clay could not get a-diploniaifrutn him. Well,
mtys Mr McDoiffe, if Mir. Clay's principle be
correct, that cte price of an atticle is reriduced
in proportion to the tax- you impose. upon it,
you have inothing to-do but to keep on taxing
and after a while you will get' it for nothing.
Under the influence of this policy, the genial
South where a kind Providenica har' dealt out
in rich profusion the choicest gifts of nature,
is iithering, and the indications-arond us but
too plainly tell, that if not arrested soon it will
be the scene of wide-spread and terrible deso
lation. But i f we suffetr from the extortionis of
an unholy monopoly, others have reached the
highest condition of prosperity. Sterile Mas
sachiusetts, that land of rack; has been made
rich by our poverty, and the very spot chat
was cursed of nature's God is' now- blooming
and blossoming as the rose. No country on
the face of the earth is wealthier than Mtassa
husettsrand she owes her wealth exclusively
to the Tariff-for protection.
Mi. McDuffie said that though the people of
thais State at a formier period had made their
erongs the subject or deepest attention, and
in thes glorious struggle of'$i~had come to the
resene in the most enlightenedl and determined
piit~yet they maf be deladod somewhat by
the sophistries of the day, and the tricks of
politicians and ha ii9unnn all to lnnk dan.'
geragala in-therace,and nevertest'untaitheir
rights were fully vindicated.
On the great Texau question, he said but a
few words, though he declared himself st
decidedly in favor of annexation.
There is yet another matter, says hie,fraught
with the strongest and most perilous interest;
I mean the question of Abolition. Our breth.
ren not content with receiving the - product of
our labor, are now for taking the laboi itself
This question is growing every day in impor
tance. But a little while since the Abolition
ists were few in number, but the fact is inot to
be disguised that they now constitute one of
the great political parties of the country, and
control the legislation of many of the States.
They give complexion to Ivanssanchusetts, and
in many of the States where the other parties
are nearly equal, they hold the balance of
power. They are in the Halls of Congress,
and an Ex-President of the United Stales is
their bold and persevering leader. To show the
bitterness with which they push their schemes,
Mr. McDuffie here alluded ton remark of Mr.
Adams. Mr. A.had been charged with saying
that he prayed .that the slaves of tihe South
would rise and vindicate their freedom even
though at the expense of the lives of five imil.
lions of the whites; yes. says he, let it come,
let it come Mr. Dillet of Alabama, charged it
upon MJr.Adams in the House. and says Mr
McDuffie, he rose, and looking like a fiend
from hell, in all the strength of demoniac pas
sion. repeated, let it come, let it come. Air.
McDtffie, without asserting that to he a Whig
and 'rntectionist was to be an Abolitiontist, con
tended that in their consequences they were
part and parcel of the same great system ; for
the effect of the protectise p,,licy %as to dimin
ish the value of slave labor and open the way
for the destrnction of Southern Institutions.
What now, asks Mr. MlcDuffie, is to be
dene ? What shall we do to be saved? He
called attention to the recent letter of Judge
Cheves, and spoke of its authot as a man ol
transcendant intellect, of most enviable sepn1m
tation, and devoted patriotism. He trusied
that every mait in the State would read that
leter.. for in it were to be iound lessons of the
highest wisdom. On only one point did he
differ, and that was as to the com'npetency of
the Legislatnre to ineet tie crisis. lie prefer
red a Convention of the People.
He alinded to the course of a portion of otAr
fellow-ciiizens in a lower part of the Stale. H e
thought the movement premature ; he was
theretfor' opposed to it on the ground of expe.
diency ; bit lie would say no more against it,
as lie approved of its primciples. What then
was to be done? He would avail himself of
the chapter of accidents. He would look with
a faint hope it is true, to the .Presidenmial com.
test, but yet he hoped lo'r the best. Mr. Polk
himself vis a free trade ian, but he did trot
look for relief from a free trale President, but
a free trade Congress. A President himisell
can do but little i'n this matter, but should Mr.
Polk conie into power with a Congress of the
right material, ouY wrongs will be tedressed.
He declared himsel in favor of his election,
aid said that his stccess'on many grounds was
much to be desired by us. If, says he, Mr.
Clay be elected, all hope is fled, fo.r he has ti.
ken ground' publicly for the present Tariff.
irenounced it the work of ourpaternat gioverin.
nent, and sworn, tha: if elected, its saictimy shll]
not be invaded. Mr. Clay is a bold, imnperioui
moan. He rules ihs party with a despotisim
never equaled by any man iin this country. and
if (one of* them should -dare to interfe-re in
the least with it, he would insitantly put iis
nose to the gritid-stoie, and grind it himself.
, Mr. McDuffie would advise imt the preseiit
Legislature call a Convention, atid that this
Convention be re.stricted primuarily to the pour
pose of making a chim, sobLj appeal to time
other States having a common interest, to meet
the State in Convention fur the purpose of
mu lual delberatfion and consultatlon. -Htrusts
that every.possible means will be put inl requisi.
tion to bring about their co-oporation Sup
pose however, says lie, they reftuse, you ask
what then? I answer, " Sufficint muiti the
day, is tie evil thereof." He counselled against
all inflainmatory appeals, and was delighted to
find that in his own District, there was no ex
citement, but an unanitimious and inflexible
oppositiotn to the Protective policy. Cf all
times which he had ever seen, this catted Imoud
eat for cahnm, deliberate ae tiuon.
He sjinke of the Union of thme States. It wvas
not the Union as it wvas designeid ; the Uniioni
of the Constitution, ot the patriotic mindaus whm
torimd it. It was made fo~r the commion d~e
fenice and the comnumon welare, and nut for the
purposes of plunder and oppression. It it were
now aim onigmat question, be wotili take ground
agaitist it. for, with suchi a diveisity of imterests
ini this wde-spraed territoiry one section wilt
fatten by plutnderinig the other. 'lThe interests
of thie cotton grmowing; regmion are nmot protected.
but sacrificed by the Union, amnd we know it
emnly by its opp.ressions Mlr. Mlc Ljuitie woutld
niot cmounset diemu ion, but lie wvould redjeeta te
Constitutioni, and maitke the Untion as it shoutld
be. It lias been violated, mind he would item
worshtip at thie tise shrinme which has beenm
erected. Tihais is not the titme to sing hiosanntahis
to it. WVhen I .aear a Ntorthiern mani tatlk of the
glorious, glorious Umnion. I eet that I hear the
bugle blast ct' the robber, amid thatt plunder ts
near; when I hear a Sthttern imiain declaimning
its glomies amnd its blesuing~s, I snuifftreason ini t~ie
15ut we arc wholly unable to do justice to time
powertul and elqmnenmt - ddress of Air MclD ,
and we must close this hasty notice. Nom moan
in the State enjonys a larger measure of' its ecma
fidence, and his opinions wilt receive the auien:
tion to which they are entitled.
southCarolinai bas no niore devoted servant.
With a patriotism above repromacli, ami intellect
of the ighest order, the most inifexible integri
ty, a large fortune, he is ready at aiiy mnoiment,
to devote all oim any issue. however perilmns,
which his State mnay mnake. When he alluded
delicatetv-to the fact, whichm altkinew, that bmy
tieprettnitoas system, he was mobbed of
none of thme comtforts ot life, that wvere lie to
consult his' owh personal- ease, lie would not,
with his bodily infirmities, struggle against thme
oppresar,- all could see that mthe spirit of the
patriot alone animated his bosom,and timat with
self~ sacrificing devotiomi, he truly felt that lie
belonged not to himself, but to hiscountry.
-But before we conclude, we must niot omit
tor notice one ground on which Mr. MIcDuffie
dwelt with peculiar emphasis. H e alluded in
terms of strongest eomnmendation to a recm
medation in Jutdge Cheves' letter, that'nmi man
in South Carolina should accept federal office,
until our wrongs were redressed. The Fed
eral Government was but the istrumentof oat
oppression, amid let no Carolinian take part in
its admimistration For his owun part, lhe never
desired to be the Presidenit of the U. States,
but were he thme President he would refuse, in
the present mstate of thiings, to administer the
government. In lookinig at time conidition of
hings, and refleetinmg upon the- degradinig and
miserable scramble tor the Presidency, he was
smetimes led- to wish that the Government
rould lse carried on withotata President. Federal
,onors should have no attracmtion for its le
fore his God he woumld slly, that he wonld rather
perish at the head of time lormirn huope in the last
ntrenchmenlt of liberty, w ithm the winding sheet
if the patriot critirsonedt with his own blood,
hain rise to-place and power oin thme ruins of hia
:untry . .
-At time close of Mr. McDffe'sm speech, the
neetiag took a recess of an hour, and' thme
:ompany in the mean time partook of an ex
ellent Barbecue Dinner, which was prepared
n the best style by Messrs. Frazier & Addison.
(fer Dinner th,- mieetimm-, wnng"ain orgaized,
tad nansand h the linn. -A. Brt, nnr mom.
ber to Corigressiby invitation or the Commig
tee. of Anatglermentsj We .i:ill iot presuie
to report big sipeechb; but wi content oureelf
by saying. that he. nateed' m bantiallywith
M. McDuffie, that the speech was most appro.
priate7*to the occasion. and gave we-eheve,
We have been kindly fdrnished by fle Com"
mitte with the.following lettersreceived from
invited Guests, which we appends
PORTANa SHoALst SepUi15,1 44.
Gntlemen,-l have received your Commt
nication of the 13th instant, but my total retire
ment from public scenes prevents-me from ac
cepting the invitation.
There is no man living whom I wouldioire
willingly contribute to honor than Ma McDlf
fie. His long and distinguished services, his
rare abilities, his brilliant and fervid eloquence,
so often poured forth in his conniry's cause
and his exalted and undoubted patriotism. call
fear all the manifestations of distinction, honor
and affection which his constituents can be
stpw. His principles and conduct have not
only my entihe approbation, but-the litter has
excited my. highest admi ation. At a time,
when for more than half a century. we have
supposed ve had seeured the enjoyment of a
just, free anti protecting Government, we find
ourselves suffering under the iron hand of op.
pre.ssion and threatened with a danger menac
ing all that we hold dear, no estimate too high
can te placed on the value of such a man, and
it is not only gratitude but wishom. to cherish
him with all the warnith of our hearts.
I am Gentlemen.with great respect and con
sideration, your obedient servant.
F. H. Wardlaw and others, Esq's Comen'tee.
SILVER B1.UFF. Sept. 15, 1844
Gcntlemen-I have received your polite ii.vi.
tation to attend a Public Dinnet, to be given to
Gen. Gen. McDoiffie, on the 20th inst. at Edge
fiel Court Hoise. and to take n part in the
pitoceeditga. Lniettaining as I do the most
profotind sense of his eminent public services,
pbilities and patriotism, and concurring entire
ly in all the views and sentiments expressed by
him during the recent session of Congress,1t
would afford me great pleasure to co-operate
with you in this tribute ofrespect and gratitude.
In the present peculiar and excited condi
tion or publin affairs however, it woild be
scarce-lj possible for me to take part in the pro.
cee dings of a political ineetingjin which ruess
ures lookins to the future viill doubtless he dis
cussed, without affording to the factious ene.
mies of our S(ate fresh caise for ebloquy- as
from theestation which I odeupf. they would
not fail to endeavoi to, make the State respon
sible in some' sori for the sretiments I might
uttet. It seems to me therefore, that it wilt be
inore becoming thai I should avoid a full and
publid expiesion of my opinions in regard to
the exciting topics of the times, until called on
to do do iin the manner and, under the responsi
bilities he-honging to the oiffice which I hold.
In the .ean time it may not be improper for'
Me to snj. th. t i an fully alive to the perils
which Mbenace and the difficulties which sur
ionniid the State. and that I shall not shrink from
the faithfdl performance ofmy duty to the best
rf my ability, whether as your Chiefr2agistrate
o1- fellow citizen.
I have the honor to be, with great respect,
.our obediant servant. .
,.,1 J. H. H OfHOND.
'.-F . Wardlaw a'nd others, Estis. Comm'tee.
.. EDEFIELIJ. Sept. 15, 1844.
Gentlenen : Iaving received an invitation
to attend a Vlig and Democi-atie Meeting in
Lincolnton. Georgia. a fe-w days previous to
your note. and the Martial Band attached to
niy Coinpany haf ing accepted the invitation in
connection with son- of the. members. as a
repiesenttive of a Corps of Light lnfaentry.
"Spirit of "76:" under my conmand, I adopt
tii. tuetliod oeftid'ring toe,youc our humble ac
knowledgments for the polite invitatioh teider
ed us, assuring yotr that it would have afforded
me great pleasure to have responded, and to
have tendered in our old militarv inspector, and
the political chanpion of onr consltitntional
rights. the hotors I regard justly dub to-merit.:
With sentiments of high regard..I reiiaih
your most obedicut serv'c.,
J(OH N HILE.':
Capt. L. I.. Spirnt of 76
F. HI. Wardlnw aced others, Ee9s, Cotum'tte.
From the Abbeville Banner.
Dinner to lthe Hon. A. Burt.-T he citi
ze-ns of the low' er part of Ahhbeville Dis
trict, as a mark of their esteem, and a
iok-en of etheir approbacioni of the course of
the- Hn. A. Burt at the Iast Coengres
enve him a dinner an the Chesnue Grove
Institute, 'on the 17th nIt. MbonI 200
ladies- need hl500 geintlemrenr ns1embled to
meet the guest, who atrreved ail [lo'clock
-end was received by Charles M2 Petlor,
Predlenut of the lay. Jaicees H-. Wiedemau,
antd Wyatt Holmes, Vic~e Presidets, ande
'conducted to a seat. Th'le Presidenct then
welcotmed our guest with an appropriate
I ddress; after which the orator addressed:
e he cii izeres about 2 hours, settiten Torth ontaK
grievancces and our teerils: ex'yosmig and:
laying bare the Tarilf with all its-oppres-:
ceicut ine so plaine a mranner, thast the do~llesis
mitnd counld perfectly comprehend him.gHe
explained 'he close affinity- that existed
beineen the Tariff and aholitinnismnc;.iaed
in the coaurse of his remarks, recomwie'hded
a Southeern Convention. let rhiiecloseor
his arddress, he exposed the shufflue of our
enenmies itn defeating the Tr :
nexation, and depicted the fil~iisunes
an attempt to re-conquor a te
part of Mexico; and the i.rbe iisC
comfiture -ahe would meer iiiin
coun tter. We have often'h idol.i I~t
we have never hteard-himanwreo riot;
but have never hteard himrfbefore sopeinin;
his object was to instruct aud uightin heis
audience on the emportan isbcsi idh
are now agitating our einbtijr He eon
eluded amid universal applause:
F ROM W ASHNGNO'IN.
RICHMOisiN pt.14- '
Yes:erday's Enquirar h'as a long-article
for some information tonchinjithe proceed i
iner of tee Cabinet on&ise Mexican and
Texams relations, is ib iazi.These pro
ceedings were caused lfr isjaid by recentI
information -eceived at/Wealliigton. going
to she w- in mauner tvAr) ieonaisiaken thati
Englatnd is stimulajjidlexico to renewI
her war upon Texasauini that Santa An-I
na has succededl to effapigthe $4, 001,000
loan partly through Bri~tshi-Agency. Thai
the .\exican Minstetaidondanigrote by
the ste-amer to he M ein Adial com
mnanding the two stea~i 'iNw X'erkI
instructing him to sail im iii~ 1y, if they
were repaired. to Ve Giz ere hea
would be met by anothi e rffrom
Ltudon, with stores ae pii~ an;.if I
they were not'repairedceA'd
immediately to Mexico -tinches. 1
lHe therefore praceeded '' tely by I
lend to New Orleans. On isteam,-a
era is repaired, the other wefri jna bous
two weeks. A reason for thi-umesays*
the Enquirer, isibhat the ep hpst
be pressed so asto accomphishiii4i 6eim s
befor.thb.10ebitng.of the C
Iugijed Scin I ionltatestms-s*wuuay
for theinvasion of Teiasare- '
Yi seueuer orIb~tiststikoAig~
the.Eidire s Aquein
preseinted to fie abm i W
what steps should diey 1*1Mfr_04
Whether they;shouldc e
Session of,:Congress? Wl e
hatld quietly permit the in vasioL o
as; assisted, to, fy the nstro ntalit
Enrlond.',o jireeed wits~i:lzigtet~
tnterpositioti on oar pfet -.Whertb~hy
sltonld remostrate aidi lIesicoigatast
the- eourse t wich shi e is pdatilag,.. eeCi
the Influence of the riish alnie1.
Whether they-shoid-6did :hesrtaidian
suffer the fids offetaagaingtdjbe
drenched with the blood of'iercliien
or whet her- they sh teuld: p.ip(6j..-thr
shield of thel aitea S ,atesiZfdeidhther :'
they wovId call aa ExtraSessiou eCon
gress, to advise and regufatnheli4 lofl o
the.Exeeutive power? It nowtsardtat
the Cabinet hat been much divided upon
this last propositioa- and. finally,.itcdeter
mined for the present tfiaea oigx*
Congress. A -messengerkimehravaday
or two been dispatched to esicowith r
strong iemonstrance upon the Aoersemil
From the Petcrsbmg (Va)%R . cai
We never crow-it savours o&66ufibh o.
want of confidence in ouremuma"td'succes
We occasionally callitie attetiuionof our
readers to the gratifying fact'hastfies
State in wbich an election has'his2.e hold
since the nomination of Pilk and Dallas,
our GAIN has b6e iMu s. 8E WEhave,
reduced the Whig r.aiorityji;;NdbiCar
olina and Kentucky 30.000voteschiiig
ed Louisiana and: lndiada-lr altot1,.
000 against us inA000Afor4siand inerea
sed our majorities in.liitiMissoun,
and Alabama abqut 2OikoidEsed voes;
even in Abolition VermdrttAth ithful
few of our party haveiiilj -iI IWhg
niajotity in a maaner Whichma WW%
ven hopt for the final iedemption 1fthe
Green Mouniain Stute. To ctph cli.
max. gallant, honest hard worktg Mi4e
-or rather ' what isalelko?-iz" shu
ders forth a Democratic majoriy of4 or -
10,0002-!lre largest, we believb, ever ob
tained by any'party in that State The
Coons are just heginningtoopen-tbefr eyes
they find the Demo6racy was in ge d ear
nest % hen iftey resolved to rally ope a;
gain in the cause of C6dtittutionaFl ree;
dom against the "9mbodym'en't of Con
solidation'. We do no0fba.ag*' in:Maine!
she has d0o'e her d1y.;. Firginidiilt i6
hers. 'nd Polk and Dallascarr$ the Old
Domition by from 8tom ' 10000 Ma ovty,
am4l the Union by ibe 'r 3000
6dei the tiiination 'of the eionid ro
President the intsrligest and influential
men of both parties': io'ul unite their ef
forts to'eiotve ihe tari'controversy.. from.
heyoud'tI0 sphere of party polities and
these intfuene connected wir i thsatare
brought to hear on the' canfassfdr the
Chief Magistracy. O. AlI qidedbuthid
is purely a tommereial de ad u Aiould
he foreed int'd~ hd sedia 6t pOHitidasirife;
wiitithe siability of he' sfof
all matters requiring'etain la a sa
tion, isivulvsd .ii.i'a ' t -__ttonaf
prospeity.'Whit ierejt~ raf ation.
can embraetheructiaisolin i t jiras of
duty'o* iwmpofiajion,'varyihg nearly.eve
ry .econ'year T What sagacity, fowev
er far sieiing, car anticipate she chaages'
in the collection laws that zmay follow th6
ascendancy of this party or-ofthatt..What
ph. er of commereial weath' d'wuirain.
the losses fronm thlis 'sdu" eiastable
l.'gislation, in ad'dition.ti~s hihl
arise from an ill regulutedi-dreddy, *ith
which they are frequeisilfcondedted. It
ceriainly then w6ot8lhe-the highe'sloffice
of patriutisim; JE%'e fluentiall st'stesman,
of horib ipart'6y .ol lenad likir eifofls to
the removalof ihd tariff arid etnirrency1
questions frofii beyond' the siihere of ~par.
ty ptolitics asidjdisturing agencies of the
Presd'hltah election, thtus placing these
~terniroversids so' far beyond the or
dnr each of pdlitical aspirants, espe
cily that ofithe tarifi, as to render even
the attempt to disturli a settlement of
temn imipossible.-Chareston Patriot.
The following notice of British interfer
estee in the affairs of Texas, appears in a
la'tesntumber of the Houston (Texas) Tele
>:'We no'w learn, upon the authority of
Capt. .Eliipt .himself, 'thar England has
advised Mexico under nao ctrcumstances, to*
acknowledge the independence of Texas,
but to keep up an armistice wIth her as
lng as possible; anid in case a su:cessful
attempt at annexation between the United
States and Texas took place, then go to
oar, and England would back her in the
:ontest.'" This'confirms us in the opinion,
we have long entertained, that our inde- .
iendence will never he acknowledged bhy
WIexico while there is a prospect of annez.
ition. England will resist the measure as
ong as it'ean be resisted-by -diplomacy.
A nd our government journal admits that.
'the influence of Engjland over Mexico isj
ilmost if not entirely unbounaded.'"
Sober Thougt.-"It is said that thie
Englis6,.so far fromapicipaiga rep~ea8
af the preseen artuion of Congress, organu
ized, all along the -frontier: of their nor
thern provinces, plans for extensive smug.
thung. And ye&sthat frontier is- protectet
ban army. of 'cnstom-houises elleerse
(ive England. the-coniroioFTzxiatreem-.
neree-let her uuaoufactures, be; admitted
rree ei ddlty-andwhat, 'a beautiful field,
'op smog~gliagWilkani dOr extetnded south..
vestern haundyaford."-[N. 0 Pkca,
~loridian of the J4th inst. as~ 'On'
Ronday night last-ii annual September
torm carse on, Abbspgh very severe, it
ars noti:ng equal to that'of lastycaestW
tave heurd of very. iiM daage).dae.
rhe beilding ofbl, Gfaen, leallIhiwaa
inroofed inr this citys and4 a few.euesand
enees pmstrated. At New port, She. Ihs,
nd other places cin the.coa. wele~nske
ie was unuiually hiigh hbut ntomamage
!as done by the-gald. Fromath ilouuie,
re hi ve heard ~that the craps havb not
diered--but very. lttle,:cottou~.hse.