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"t We will cling to the Pillare of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Buinx."
VOLUME I - Fgen QXurt H ouse, 8. V- t e8
ELECTION RETURN~S- IOWEDGEFIELD ISRiur..
SENATE. HOUSE s RSENT. VES. T. COLLECTOR.
6d 9 764 6
~ourtfouse, 258 210' 3083 356 ;341 '213 :305 231 331 W I4 154- id.5 8 19 129 69 14 126 15
Longaires. 65' 16 27 5.5 81 30 34 31 5:3 37 2.) 17 75 17 43 4 10 00 21 00
coLiers. *26 39 2357 48 -24 16 51 2 2221 '23 47 2 98 9 0 161i
Cherolcee P. 20 3.5 33 35 35: 45 :35 33 39 4 16S ~ 23) 1 I I 7 00l 47 I
.Pineffouse, 26 1834-40 31i 7 44:31:39 3 9 7 17 1) 56 6 00 o
Towls.' 27 13 45 78I 77 135 e 61 114! 331 6 80' 5 19 52 571 14 00O 24 I
~ un~n8 4 - 33 2Q i15 37! 51 5 3 27 2|15 10 21 1 '17 Oo6 004 8
s 2 32 I8 55 8 57 25' 6 79|12 3 4:3g 6ij 70 66 9 10 00 8
06 29 87 .721 61 45 46 "6 1101 '2 981 ;331 9d 15.3 10 2 3
52 221 18. 44w 64 49 -55 18~ 631 14 II 52! 4612 5.1 6 9 21
Hg bw-,64 154 146 ;29' 761 107..11L 153 361 321161 .54 4i' 11 2:1 4 .:> 2165 .
y~tln. J88 121311481 64j 57f 91 ?0 76 9 6 7 82119! 6 39 13 1
Rickardion's. .32 6 13 9J 27 29 27.,4 31 5 . 9'$39 - 21w 3\11
cole's. XlR 54 9f 301 27, 31 52l 51 15 :35 9! 10 4 -.15 4u1 22 23 10 14j
'Park'-.61 2~ 18:351 5716I 1 461.50 .52! 3 11; Sk. ;I2. 3151 5 14,
Park 's. . I 128 11 721 621 871 .7j 13:2 60Gi 91 191 I 471 211 1211 56 39 31 I -51121
Perry's 60 7 17j 54* 561 58S 18' 28 51, 3 16 .3' 16. 3.i 4t 8 8, 7J
Mooee.s 48 "40 22 70 90j 36 521 16 53' 41 I '211 6.5 43 4-5 7 29' 10
Mlsenes . 66 Ill 14 54 55 52 61' 13 7i I5 4 5:) 20 :33 .36~ 6 26j 5
-30 16 40 -34 28 9 21 26 36 2-36 13 1 2 3121 3
- g'. 38 17126 37J 18 25 52 I.8 36 18' 1 :31 17 3~>3 11111 6119
Ra~&alis. G 521 17 631731 83 30 I 4 44 1 2i 71 43J8'> 9'*392
,Drns. 139.28- 53 491 4:3 13163 29146 ' 32?2 81 5 4S11
Bazlwres, 69. 2 I37 36 361 30j 71) 9 650 21 531 331 20 16 1 .4 5 18
Red mu.. I'69 .2k7I :35 73 :2J 11 50 6.) 5:3! 191 70 11 2 I 2 :?4 12 13 2.
;:Roc&e72 ~ 5146 73 4~ 2 47 -i6 771 I 29) :46 6i 171 4.- 27 1 0[ ~'
Krp~'s ~. ~ 49 '3~I 19 19 16 I 5.1w 12 '23. I 2, 49 27 39 1:21 I 1;1 4120
~Hodr~s, I 24.i 15S 16 261.00 1:31 1:3 17 14 21 7 '251 3 5 2 1' 1I-1I*
- j23 161 17 3.3 121 36j I1 22 26 I2.) 12 3I 6 :, I 37~
4 es 43 271 19 16! 40 .671 53 27 S:1 14! 1 11 53 27 5 33 I:t2
} . 11451 855289172811846[394Ii706p1109jl75I01I64I47|259|1088l1511893|30 514 6[7u4p24J 2300
EDGEFJELD3KDVERTSER Sttie of Southl ('ap'tdia, State of' Soui' ('ar'olina.
.F. D ROSE~1LPRIETOR. EDGE.FIELD. DISTRICT. EUJGEFI ELD DISTRICT.
~LY JOhN HILL;E~quire, Ordinary. IN EQUITY.
NE W TER . >~f Edgefield Dist-ict. Precious Larke, -
To Doat.as and Ftrry-Cs.s per annum, ihereas Lucius H llall and A baer 11. vs. IBill for Par--.
ifpaid'advance -$3 if niot..paid within 'six Halfl hth applied to me for Letters ol Ad- WilliamRIbaifo'rd andi rition and Re
onths fioin the -date ot' subscription, and ministration ni ibh the will antiex.d. on all wife. H1. Boiniware & I lief.
~4 if not p aid befoi'e 'the expiration of theansiulrbeoo. n ctesigs wfadohr. J
.vear. 'All subscriptions will be coietansed, and sicrth gofdTabin hlate rifts wiE is uhereb ietatb.'teo
tfnlessaaitherwise ordered. before the expar.and, crd . fTbtaHl, aeo h an) C isrdereb givenChatlr byrpr, o
tion orth~1e year; butoao paper will be discmn. Districtiforesaid,deceasgsk.heseare ti erg-. s a i Ord-er fra.o the higel s hider, at
njed ti(tl Parrere ar"ad nesa the lfre to e indid red-n torsi- -id e -ad Edsefield Court I-louse. on thr-' first Monday in
opin tePoubrinhrg ua theknrdo dcedir ftesi Novemther text, a part of the .RealI.Estate of
a A'ty per'soo porigfive responiblo Stub deedased, tohe and appr-ar before'ne. a t Johni Larke. deceased, consisting of the fllow
scribe'irkshall receivelhe paper for ong year, our next Ordinary's Cot fort he said Dis- in tracts, viz.
- gratis.. trict to lie holen at Edgefleld Court H'ouse, No I. The Mine Creek place,. c'omsistintg
ADvERTtIE'lETs conflpicuonelyinsertedit62& on the twenltyeight h dlayof Octo'ber inst., of nine hundred and fifty (95(0) acres. mtorenr'
.cents pei-equare, (12hies..or less,) for the to sho w cauise,-ifany, w hythe said admnin- less. ona the maitn roatd fronm Charleaton to Camt
irst ingertina,.u and 43j for each cointtance. . . hnd th atdbig.a~onn ad fW .Dml hs
'Thosepsblitihed-monthly, or qparterly, wvill istrationi shol'noth gr-anted. 10hbrdget,. Wasong Ala one Dadet. To.
be charged $1 per squsare. .dvertisemtents Given unsder my hand and senl. .hs 10hBaett, and othe so 1hoePde.Go
oih he number of insertions marked day of October, tt the year of our Lord Bel2nd The Pr.nplc- containing onnt ii
0 W 0hP4 'nnd1 The Ptai plce
Tent lybe continued until ordered omut, one tousand eight htuudredantd ftrty -four, dred (lit0) nere, ntore or lea.,on M mte Cieek.
*iadce arged itecordinmgly. and itt te 69th year of Anmerican Indepeu- adjoinaing lands of William Edwards,'George
Afltom:iictitions, ost paid, will be prompt. ilence. Bell, .Jacob.Pow and others. . .
'iand tietly nuiended to. JOH N H IL L. 0. F- D. 3rd. One. other tract, containing four ltin
B-XE.et. 16 2t 38. dred and twenty-five (125)cres, more em less.
L'I~ o~ ETTE S - . __________________- on Cloud's Creek. adjoining lands lately belottg
IQT FtT E S - ing to Ste Estate of Nathaji Bodie,- deceased,
e atgin the PosiOffice at .Edgefield State ~ofSuthC rlnL~hsak n ~es
S0l 0tak. 0nd others..
,. C. H, Sept. 30th 1844 .,a . EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. - 4th. One othter tract, containing, sixty two
Win jr nderse AYlenHN [H IL L Esquire,-Ordinar~y (62) acres. mote or less. ot the waters of Big
AneVAnders ndrsn.Aen. f Edgefeld District. ('reek,'adjoihittg tanids of Hniit. A. P. Battler,
Ayir,1 M jr. 'Abusey, J Esq.2 Whereas Wiley Harrisont, bath applied lnmsatel belnging to the Estate ot Jesse
a ...- -s B-to me for L et ters af Ar~ministration, on all Said lasids-ti he s'old on a credit until the fi'rst
Blease, B JBoone;Mtss 1 andsingular the goods, d-dchasttels, rights Jhsnuary,1l846,except the cost ofsale,io be phid
Bostwick, A S Bury, Missi - , and credits of Samuel, H. Cartlidge. late of a, cash. Purchtasers to give bonids. with good
* ' C. the: District aforesaidP, dieeased. thes'e are stnrities, and Mortgages to secure the purchase
Cloy, Miss T ..Cogburn, Jwderefore to cite and adtmonish all and uin- money.
Cook, J- "~' gular,ithe- kindred andI creditora'bf the said' ..?1 Tract No. .1. or the Mline. Creek. place,
. D . .decea'd. to lie and appear before mie, ato~ur wIll be re surveyed aed sold it three separate
Darlington, M rs. C Delan ghter. George next Ordinary's Cetir; for'tlie saidDs it parce ls 'ela h aetm n lc.i
Dod.CA . Duoe' e ehe .bholden at Ergfil Cor House, on the above sta'ed case. t'oni Negroes, viz: Jim.
F. he Weuty-eight h d's fOctober inst., to Emma.IAdaline and Bi-yant,on a credit of*. one
*Elder H B. . ' show cause, if arny,-'hy the said admiiis year, exe'ept' the cost at .partittio andl sale,
- ~ F. ..- ~ trhtton should no! be granted. . . which must be paid intcashr."Purchtasersgivinig
- Frisb. AMrs. B Ovein under niy hand and- seal, tbis bonds anid app.roved snmeies.
?? G. 10ihlday of Octobuer. in the year of our. . .. -S S- TOMitPKINS, C. E. E. D
Gibbs, asper Gibb, J W Lord oines thousand eight hundred. and' Oit 12, 1844 4t. 3d
Gomillion, Love' Gallman, Harmon ,fortyfoure'ndrio the 69th year of' Amer.
"' 4'. - ""i' cast Independence.' " State of South (Ja'OlI~a,
1 flrdee Mrs H 103 Hah'nington, W ' JOH N HIU.o..E GEFELD IT:C
HatcherF MrsE A HaPy. T Oct 16' 2- 38
-_How___,_ __ra7J_- IN EQUIT -
S Ho ward, 258 J 2Sherif0 S3e3. '1ine 30lacki3el and others, . Bil for
* ""sonoRdunenRi ordenY isr'ue of susidt'y 'nrits of Fierir Fa-' ' r a- IVk. e
' 'i Jones, Georg 3V 2 cea'ome directed, I will proceed to -1 .3 ,7 - 9 8i k9 1 n t
s K. selat J6 dgSfifdourt House on the First rr 3ian Harp by vire of
- King, Albert Esq Monday andci nesday in November 1e5.' offr for Sale to the highest htdder at RO21 7 6.'s
Sthe lwing prsrly: . - - Old Stand, and ear the premnies, on Satray
a tn, D " e, Herriqrr and others. vs. Beverly the 26th O5to5er instatat the Rea Estate of
N. Burton a8 -tia7 '6lun'd'k4own as the Wil- John Blackwell, eceased consistig of the121>3
Mitcbelf, A 64.ilI, dal 2 bon tr Aio g four.hundred acres, lowing tracts of land.v
Mitchei joseph Mann Temple me nress g of lands of L. H. -dune tract containing twohundred and eighty
o- one acres. more or less,- whereo'th9 s2i,(l2-b5
Mceo, Er JM" Mooreoi; Misunyj Jast an ohr.Blackivell residl at'the'timbiof his deatha ~in
M elo M Moorei S er 1 1a -* 9 0 4 ate in the Disit a d 'Stat aforaait iPlmn
Mcea Jlma ay ESa- BOULT WA E, E.' Branch andI 1'ickory- Creek; waters-'oFig
-. * 4 ~ '~-'~" "' .9 Stephen's Creelt; adjininglanda'nf fartin NZ
0lve o tl Iope 8~ ~ ''' '~ Re.", tieusTuckeamd others.
-~' oiso~ 'Pdopes, Aendr toiu wi~ or' Fieri Fg.- Also,;one other- tract known~a i2 i'
u aarkes. to sell at Edge- tract. -cor.taining one hunded- ad twer
S .61Q R e dCo - e First Monda tine acres; more-or less, situate_35ths D5st1iint
r7 .' and State aforeaid,on Pl9u Branchand f5ick'
are, D g Ro8n .1 ext t o ry Creek, water of .Big 'Sfeihen 2 3e1k,-ad
lebm, Io R oso,a u " n" a iingeabove tract ftw'odref and
- ersiuaie.ati L.'.iearty, the' eighty.otte acres.
".&'T ' " tract ofla ~ ..he .defentdas t sives, Said latnds so-he somi on a credit of'o3.e 'and
w eai 6t1'5 Tally Caleb ' cotttatnttng w 'nei-es, miore or less, two years iri eg~aI annual instalnents, ax'cept
ToraioI"'bsi1 T~illman; Mrs. T '"'adjoininglaid 'Connor and oh.- so much as will pay the cost of the suit, which
- i oku o ~,~s.Ciar vs iith approved sureties- and' mortgages o'the
"""Wb:1tt~k,' ~'L lms ~i~i~o~neaegr~ ~ y oan premtises for ft e punrchase motney.
ti"k s h~te ta -rdM E' of etlenegr b h e Plate of re survy of si lands will be-xhil
3*3 41 '1 '1 71:ST KNS .K .0
cling for any of the-atibo Let Terms~ h -'ie ntedye 8: S.Tal S, . E. E. D.
60I I1a sifir Adesitised A . Oct.1-,84 il - 4t 46 36
Nose leIyter.iat - Illidffoi4ihii2 Oct. 91) 33 38 16_53_41_11_21_6_5_4_4729 1
6t 45th i5rn t6i17ineL will 4e ',2t 3i 3 65
to the Genergl P- ..ODepartynent"" .-:'2)-. - ' H okan oioE .M.Do ~
M.4 F-R ER.yP.demand n Agent, areia our 1p3osssi. AIer.
Lot44f Wi67ia rionS de. OtiS indebted to herare sIg2.dito2ca3l on-the
-3-Gtd n t m b the 17cibers and s73 831t i:0r ac1ounts; as his i
hAM? OIL. -"'4I6 seettti'be istributed necessa to 'a settd ditbdtwemt the partie'n
A CH9ICE CLE, for sale by n 6 29 4632 27 1, 14 5 4 1
... - 6 1,y -A 3ENR[ CK. -3N x07ee19o60 5: .3 : 2,BLAND &r;BUTL E
mb7rg,2Nov:23 f 14 4 3 32 J 4 2 34
Rochlr~l_ _, I- *;, 1 4 16 77 12 9 :46 il 71 t"27
Correspondence between the Democrath
Associi'ions of Norfolk Borough and
NoRFoLK. Alug. 24. 1844.
Respective Sir: It is with great plea.
sure we perform the duty assigned to us
by a Vote of the Democratic Association of
Norfolk Borough, of forwarding to you a
copy -of the following preamble and .reso
lution'which were unanimously adopted
on the:23 of August:
Whereas, the Republicans or the Bor
ough of Norfolk, in general meeting as
bembled. having heard of the witihdrawal
of John Tyl.'r, President of the U. States.
as i CAondidate for re-elcetnn wo the Presi
dential oflice, do unanimously resolve,
That, they deem this a proper occasit.
to express their high sense of the mani.
distinguished services which during lii
able, dignified, and prosperous admini,
tration of public affairs. tie has render,-d
to his country; and of the lotty. pure. and
patriotic motives by wifich he has .bret
governed in fulfling the responsihle tru
codifiled to him by the people; and anti
ipating that -judgmenit of impartial i.
tory" to wthich he hTas appealed to vindi
nato his reputation against the reckless
assaulis of imscrupulous adversaries, they
believed their Repuplican friends throuch
the United States are now prepared to
award him all that he has asked-all that
We are, with respect. your obedient
OSCARE. EDWADS. Se*
WASUIOToY. D. C., Sept. 2. 1844.
GentlIten : Y'o'ur letter, forwarding
tb resolutions adopt d -in the 23 August
by the Democratic Association, claims
nd receives my nost pro'found acknmwi
ed;.zments. The kind expressions. .em
ploved by the resolutioas towards rue
have been more acceptab'le, from the fact
that as the citizens of Norfolk and Port+s
mouth were among the first to step for
ward and defid me agaiiast the attacks of
a host of assailants, so now also when all
ny personal interest has ceased in connec
int) with he approaching PresideOtial cnn
test. they tender me thp volunitaryofThrtiug
Of t heir confidetce in my tIa oives..odid their
approval or the most that I have done
since I hate occupied this station. Nor
-inn I hti indiffrent to the fact, that what
may remain of my life is destined to be
passed in their vicinity-their good opin
ion, therefore, is of the priceless value to
te.. and their "resolutions" conveying to
mne that opinion, will be hoarded in my
memory as amongst the most precious re
collections of my past life.
The voice of prophecy 'i'tered by one
Ofyoir fellow citizens (whose- exalted
talents. united -% ith the highest moral and
political worth, has won for his name a
high distinction) indulged, anterior to the
election of 1840 inl predictions which were
but too near realized. ~Auticipating the
electiui ofGeneral Harrison and myself
he 'probable demise of General Harrison
frotm his advatcedo age. and-.my succession
as the Vice President-he dredi in (he
the fall of 1840. a fearful picture to my
self ufiwhat would be my situation tin the
occurrence of such. contiogeucies. . He
spoke of violent assults to he made upn
me, unless I yielded my concionce judge
ment-every thitg into the hands of the
politial managers. le depicted fearful
combinations which I would hitve to en
counter-and even anticipated my retigna
tion, as a measure it be forced upon me.
How near these predictions were being
realised the country has hatd fair opportu
nity to know-. Bccause I would nt sanc
tion-measures, 'hich to have sanctioned
with my knowt opinions concerningeihem
would have covered--me with disgrace, I
was- d'enounced-my' name rendered a
bye word of reprach-:the harshest, andi
foulest abuse cast upon me by an affiliatedi
press-sod. burning' efligies' maile. to re
feet their light along the streets of out
cities. All thisavasaccompained by the
reignation of.,an,. entime Cabinet savea
ainle aembe'r, and'but few hours allowed
me, under the Cdnatituiton0o fill thteir va
'aniesocnrringddi ig lis session of the
Seit miist he fillede hefo its adjoui-o
ment;aha cainontdrwards-that Con
gre'sshad agreed! t6adjourn on Monday
a''tso o'clock, .P. -.t nd that the las
diiaton of five' Gubittet iJers~ occur
r~tst5 o'clock, P. N on Saturday preci
d~~te earliest having taken'- place on
1yhligptttwelve of the swemm day
.T h~nosr enttrselprk of reorgatuizin:
eYobinet wae rblic.to be accomaplishet
ni~,rksdent without a party", who-:
l1bena 'cohfidety a isertedl, could no
.nre'the aid.f It'r Cabinet in thb
adlpirStlonfl'f ~ Gio erutnent. in thu
sbrL ~prind whipiiemnnioed of the sessior
of Gongress-Jf the highly moral-senit
biltttes pf the-Aive"couldL h ave beensatis
fed hi adelayxdf;etheir resignamtihaunti
~Ie4 morningsmofi two days- onle-e.
.1 eipportunityWqtlki.have been affar
d ~ne of performing the work ofe.mak
.in ~ almost entire Gehinet, ~Jich h'at
teq.tred, on-the par.Iiffmv ;j~eesstri
months to adljuste iTl G et& Mslag
hadgone in for s'te. daya; yejihy~d
oot reuign .arlier -than #Satu i
~leav.iag the shorietegpomsiblrpitjme iim
which- to surroutd- mnyself~with newadvi
To a majority of4he sCabinet,' 1 ha
of my annbouncin~gein connection witft.M
Veti' -Mesnte, rehunciation of all iconnez
:n of my namo with the~ mattel of-th
thi sucsin and they had advised unan.
imously againsi it; and yet. immediately
thereafter, their resignations folloed
my motives 'were publicly.sail .
some of these very adviser..
availed themselves of the - fact: i-e
was at that time hut a single b
limited circulation throh- theii
assults could' be repelled p61eiotheri
to canvass motives. j;otate.but facts.
There can be but littl(Aifficlt.y n draw.
ing inferences I b a high nid
solemn duty had de yroped:upn. oe. My
resignacion would oanout to a declaratton
to the world, that -dr system of.Govern
memt had faiied ,m the fact that the pro
visioni trndie fol death-f the President,
was either so defeic?. as to. merge,all
Executive porera the legislat e branch
of the Government, by making the sue
cession the tmer jb~riumen; of. their tiil,
u.r, by forcing Q-401' give way before the
enbarrassments of his . position, devolve
the governmenfon another-the remotest
probability of whose succession had noi
hedn looked to. by the people during the
elections. and who would therefore, he
more feelle an impotent in the exercise
of an independent mind and judgement
than a Vice;Piesident. I considered the
pat it of my dui:yws clearfy umarked otit
before me, and I resolved to pursue it.
I have been reared in the vicinity of
Norfolk and Yorisruilih. Tmny. of their
citizens have known me frorm early youth.
They knewi--I feol aproud coisciousness
of the fact-that ishonor could never
attach itself to my character .or conduct.
They vindicate me. then,. and.by their
resolutions, they avow publiely their opin
ions. The terminations of my lnbor%. is
near.at hand-the .experment has been
rairly made, and I shall under rovidenee
leave the Government, to those -who may
come after me in all its diltrenr' depart
ments, unimpaired in all its energies and
unaltered in.its letter. or true import. I
I pray you to make known.these sentio
.ens.to those you represenit, with assu
rances of my high respect.
,To Messrs." Wir. ftied nnd Osen'r E.
Edwards. Secretaries of the Not folk Demn
To pireserve the political rights ofor i
people it is indispensable to secure those
of the States, and tinder our system, the
converse is almost as universally true
iterest in the *principles' of the State
.Rights school, therefore, is not confiied it)
any particular seeiine.or exclusive clique
On the contrary they involve the existence
of democratic government itseif, and the
friends, of the last cannot be indifferent to
the fir-t. They appeal to the rule of mor.
al obligation in every hent'i, for ihey pres
ent a question of chartered rights,.and all
honest men nust' admit that the deed
should be construed as it is,' although
they' may desire that it should:have been
otherwise. To the frends ot' the Union
and 'of the general harmony of the States,
they mtake the highest possible appeal, for
they .present the, only certain means by
which we nia'V secnre hoth'to the lasting
glory and happiness of our people. . For
ourselves, we believe that these ends can
only. he ;ittained by preserving in integrity
the be-tutiful and w-ell oidered system of
overhnet which our fatliers have given
us.. and wo to the 'man*ho'siml la in
hallowed hands upon it. , Thete ean he
nothiig more beautiful- in'political th-eory
than 'our system'.ns'developed in the'cou
stitution by the Statle Rights rule -4 con
struction. Nor would it he difficult tr
dersoustrate that, thle mos nt serious dilicu I
ti'es to whichiour general 'governent' has
been exposed. have arisen outtof a depart
ure'in practice fromn these salutary prinei
ples.' Ft is . by a'strict adherence to the
constitu tion thus constructed, thatiour fed:
eral government cant.coutinittocondtic
the march. of American'civtlintion ani
the progress ofC our people . Under-the
opiposition principles' eof adlministering irl
its -powers, this ailance would.hecome
impossible, as .it would increase the'num
bdr and bitterness' of. those sectional col.
lisions wvhich would he introduced withir
the bosomr cC'the' General Government, by
this ierycotnstruction, which invitesai'er
ences,. when there-are'no-rhieas of com
positg" theme :'How mu'ch better adaptec
'to the Americani genins-is the State Rights
theory of' our 'systemni which extends tr
capacities withE the march of-our people
and' fulfs all the demnands .which can be
made by their preigress!' Eooh netv Stat
or polle who may be uisocited'with us
I to the etn of i heir-common interest ant
feeliugs, and- to chat extentt only, would in,
crease the strength' and extend thie.bene
ficience of our instituitions. The diff'erenet
in national aeniuns. which u're ineviiabl
in so iarge a contfederacy, would then ceast
to present forcmidtible diffietnl'ies for the)
-are' left to their own free developemen
Iunde-' the single restrictioen, ofanot inter
l'ering with the equal rights of their neigh
bors, or coming into 'collision with other
How magni~eient in conception! Hov
Ibonifcient in piractice is, this system
'which associates nations ini one great fain
ieynipphet, without destrnying'the socin
eslotil ;~ornimproperly constraining the in
''vic "ius' of atiy; and cementspinti
e jmen noi'rtgth nud civilization tho,
er soltrees or difle'rance which" hav
heretofore destroyed the p -ace of imankind
i rulfilTs ;all the.-antsef A merican get
d usilid proisiseato ietiize-tbepraadet
yhopeigin the:Americarrhreastg ~tifford~
- tihgieans ofaccomiilishingthecmighty'tm
a: .ma upn which it is our glory to hav
n4Asitilfi~lderiless, far awaydropnth,.
Usfeiin'odco-se of "'en who hisedisslyer
-1or't'hfienthele sdpeititAddnieg xru
tdencer atid the on dtbe fkwlhospii
hardshipis; it'gred~imseenl forsglecteddy~
Lhe-rest offiianidindynIttilih ttiutnckiit
deep roots into th'e' soil; andfree the
easieri, shore' of' mradtCinent ggler it
'wag plant'edf' it. already dasts il'saill
Ifar into ihe iti To guarit ingaisae
vy and' cupidity- from abroad, Jo shield it
from misguided fr'iends or wantON violente
at home't.amature its growth and extend
its shelter,- thatcallour posertyfrom sa.to
sea :may' ultimai .repose in -.eae4 and
happine beneath its: grateful shade is
the task which we-inherited. and the mis
-sionwhich we m t eomplish..ihcb
may he the iachievement, toocredulouff
mray seem the hope of ancoinplishig.suich
a destiny, bit the resourceS of Amercian
genitus are fully adequaeost~all ifit avilL
only adhere to the path. (47teh'heconsti
tit has marked ut for .is pursuit. Wil
it be thus wisely guided?-Dwm. Retice.
From the Greensbioro' w Ala) enco
THE PRESEN1' TARIFF REDU~
CED THE PRICE OF -COToN.
We find in the -Iast . obile0 Register
table showing the prires at. which coiton
has sold in Mobile since October.. 1830
down to June .pasi, . ineusive. The: ri
ces are stared for each, month of he coitoni
sea son, commencing with O'etober of each
year aind eniding with June. .The aversge.
for each year is. also .given the rops of'
1842-'43 and 1843-'44. have average4
lower prices than those. of any previous
year since '30., .Withot having made the
calculation, we should. say fromn .glancin
ive the figures. that the.. avrOge prices
for twelve crops proceeding that of' 1842
'43 are nearly 50 per cent, higher than~ for.
he last two rops. ... The rog oW f.39 '40
wasihe fargest ever raised. i ihe United
Sistesabl the.average prices that year. for
inferir.band sn.ood fair,"and all inter
mediate grades, were..S4 a.8) cents; foi
IS42-'43.Je a -er'aieggeL5j a-8 fr.
for 18a 3-'44, 6 a.S. ow the d titeeo
in price hetween .eithevf t elast
named years, and ifnyth a Te t
the present, aneept.'39) at d ' 4 ,-'iage
bly not less than 2t prcen., hu e.v
ertige if'grence fortt the. v year is
is near 50 per cent. . :... -.
No miim cat' examine this table withu;-'- .
beina fully c eonvinced thif soed powerfu
cause has been affecting the .price. ofco-.
totn for. the a i .two yearA. . .The only
quetion . t wht is tha18use?- e
dear friend of the present tariLT. replies,
thai ihe iwo last rop ,.have. been heavy
W~e re ply that several crops comporatiSely
large have been grown - since 1830 we
therefore reject his answer, as usatisfacto
ry..:.e are awnre thatibtidnut 'erop
iecesarily affect prices. p)-ovided... he de.
mno di or cotton has .greally lceiesed
within the last ifieen years. ..The increase
in.he demand h:tsbeen4we have very litle.
doubt. as great as the increas.6 in the sup
ply. . The demand ias. not oMheen t.
creased by new markets that hav'e, been
opened for cotton goods in - difterent parts
of the world, but by the new uses to which
cotton has been applied. A heavy article
manufoctired of cotton is fonndto answer
for sails in place of Russia duell tliearti
ele generally used unstil wi~hi..he last
fewv yeas,-ihe quantity. consumied in this
way s considera"le. 'Cottoia an also.
takhinthe place of linen' for a a'riety of'
purboses. .But 'as the presenti thiff impo
se sduties so hih upn mAny..articl enyant
uractured of cotton i England. ththe
aiticles cannot be imofRte..into the oonn.
try, as a natural ouseguendeEtgland lias
less use for -our co oit- eiesrte i ys.
less of us.,. (This fact isaceiarly'eldabiished
by a table now fore s.)geiltbe
prices of' cotton tnantn ~~ires h o''1ad
vanced largely in this "ountst to d.ie
passaget the present tui'i a i sif
conseqduence, fewe e*m" ooata c ' .
beeii boighit, and.less. to mcd,
than wouldfli'e been i ' peO
had- prices oI the' gaa r'itc
been lower. It reqiireas nO~ t~
prove tlat ..when goods a(yki9l
vance. the generahiability-of-the con'$'- -
remaining the' s'arttI h "li
It being'iruik thihn
ishes'buili ;hdforeign'p-as mi~ni e- -~
m'and'for our-cotton, it .folewkila;Datf.
ral consequence, tliat~ it red'ues-tliefrike.
of the rawv maieriali 'Thiliiaact-of'42
is high we presume n& d'ind iad the.
country wvho.,iiows any thing ofit(pro.
bably exceptini Mr. Cay-foilbea~ in"a
one ofrhis leiters designed' for-th1 j,
that be was never in favoi--of whi3 er:1
gade'd as a high' tariff, and t ia
letter. desighed for the North, e pp,;
the preseni law)-willijrete~4t
Nor in do we thitik' any s~a ne.na~
give the subject propier reffetios wi~
being convinced thatfdf resnt sn3
?duce(Ithe pice' of cotton
2 The'Greenville Mbuntainneer ofthe 11i'.
'last: uays "We inderstaml thi ( 2LG.
F.' 'Twesha/ resighed the officeo oi'
asisioner it Equity for this Distrj''e
that the Governor- has p
Butler Esq. to fil thie vaca -~ "
..Tea was first inirodu ~ ob~~~ed
i:Slates, ~in 1720; ink e
1 wards'i-was one si- Clzjeu.
iolution;. and t ti i
symption..ainoUn ifSai four div
.Imillions-ofjouan'ds ' '