Newspaper Page Text
Fmm eiN. Y. Evening Po
THE TAXES PAID BY THEBO
tt is not possible far n man of o dinary
fairnesstof mind, to lok over "the ta
riff aIs iit," "the Whig tariff of 1842," -as
the Whigs themselves call 'it in their hand -
bills without acinowledging that, if the
express object of its framers had been to
edgegg ~ ~ ~ ~~UC libsigegan~tay uld
not haveised any thing more efficient.
Theoi4i isoiwhy that elass, holding,
as they i tical power of the Uni
ted States, have not, before this, risen up
repeal, is that they have not been allowed
to knpw what, taxes ey agergpya
, The real amoost'of wha:t t ty p an
tax is so blended.th ne pg,,i a
Ariclep y-consumet sodcovereupby
addother devicesofithe fragera
of, ihe tiri9F,*6' iliI iOl -er'
ansi rfid only io be got atbNy refer
dilo the* Merchant's invoices, which they
never see, - that 'tfey pay their money
without kuowing..ho.w mu2ch of it might
have bpee spared if': they -lived under an
fithereader will accompany as a little
way in-thisarticle, we' will give him an
eample.of the msnuer in which the labo
ring man is cheated into the..paymentof
neariy twice What he ought. t pay for his
working dress '.,
The wollen mills of this country weave
large quantities of a kind.. of coarse. cloth
worn by laboring men, tinder the denomi
nation of kerseys. It has a cation woof,
but the principal material ip ;he .cheap
wool which is allowed by. the present
tarif to be imported on the. payment of
the nominal duty .of five per cent. .This
wool is brought in enormous cargoes from
South America, purchased by the. agents
for the mills,: under the eyes of -our own
sheep owners,-and being manufactured in
to kerseys, io sold at an immense proSt.
to be worn by laborers.
The price of these cloths in our market
-the wholesale price we mean-is seven
teen cents a yard. They may be bought
in Fngland at seven .. cents and three
quarters. The importer'. pays a duty of
eighty per cent, the shipping charges and
commisuions amount to about twenty
five per cent. and selling these goods at
the market price-for they still continue
to be imported-he obtains the moderate
profit of about five percent. These goods
are to be seen exposed for sale in the
warehouses along our pricipal commercial
streets. where any. person can satisfy him
self of'ihe exactness of our statement.
It follows that, but for the high duty
laid on kerseys. the laborer iight pur
cl.ase them eighty per cent. cheaper than
now; and not eighty per cent. merely, but
jf we estimate a profit offive per cent..to
the. merchant on that duty, eighty-fivo per
cent. cheaper than now. If he purch a
sea the American. article, he pays this
eighty-five per cent. to. the manufacturer.
When he lays. out a dollar and eighty-five
cents in .the purchase of these coarse cloths,
the eighty-five cents are a tax-a tribute.
Yet these -ppople boast of being lite
friends of domestic industry. These mill.
owners,and their attorneys and agents,
who have had the dexterity to procure the
passage of a law making their machinery
a source of immense profit. vaunt them
selves to be the friends of American labor.
They. frst reduce the duty on that kind of
wool for wvhich they have most -occasion,
to a mere nominal rate; they then raise
she duty on the cloths for which the work
ngman hs most occasion to the oppres
live rate of eighty per cent. Hiaving thus
taken care that he shall be 'taxed, and
they exempted from taxation, they issue
btandbils-one of which is now . before us
-calling upon the '"mechanice, cartmen,
butchers, sailors, end all those whocearn a
Iivelihoo~d by their o'wa arms," to attend
meetings. designed. to. sustain the very'
tarifiby which the mill-owner-is favored
end the laboring mian oppressed... The
laborer goes in hisjacket,..an whbich' he has
paid a forced tribute without' knowing it,
of nearly half its p.:ice, to the mrmufac
turer, and hears Daniel Webtiter, a paid
agent if the mill:owners, -haranging on
the blessings of the tariff' as it :is,- and itt
gisting that the laborer shall not only be
tated by it,,but vote for it.
* owo.Trui.-Daniel Webster was one of
a committee who reported the following
resolution,.amnngothters 'at -a meeting .in
Bostoui.. irr1840.' ' :'t -
"Resoleed -That weare equally incapa.
ble sof-discovering its Lthe'-prohibitory -ta
riEfieffects upon agriculture, since the-ob.
vious conseqfuences 'of its adoption - wotdd
1*, "that the farmer mitst give mtore for all
be boys, and receive teer for all-he -sells."'
Bowr true this proved by thes taperation
of the present tariff? Its 'effeet hae been
to miake this farmer-pay more for- -what he
buys.- and-get-lese (or whai xhesells; than
he dtd sdewr:-1r Clay's old: .Cou'promise
act, whtcli was the:.establishted and un
change tarif systm offths- country1833
tintli2.Dsroit Free Press
Infideli .in Ohio.-We learn that
about four'or fie societies, calling them
selves ".Coinmtiniists,'.bave been organ
ised in-Oio lately, en -the "principles of
tbo pseudo-religious sect.-They maintain
the'stricteqallty of -all individuals be
- fOnlging16 iheti whether -rich- I or poor
1o0by or hamble ,tat human law has no
authority1 t bat .Christ-came to lise and not
to dietor'us'thit religion consistsain what
Westn doeagnot tin what be believea ;'and,
that all da-ys ate -alIk'e holy. 'If- the lea
dors ad orgauiirsso these -sdcieties are
idelligent men, they 'know'beuier; for no
inad in.tbis land and is this ag'eiwhd
is madee even a gmoderate use-'of~his
oortnnities for informnation, can ii ien
hbes infidel. The men who orgahize
socioties on principles of infidelity like the
abd~e,isseume a solemn arid' terrible res
pons1Sility.-he bloiod o souls which
they bulnd a tractt hieir eonmmuui
y will befd lieignikirts, aud tba~
Go f the Bibl he a~ld haen espo nsi
ble at the dayO ddl W&Ieutern
"Up~ to SnuffE" is now reudiud e"ele
We give the following-statement ofthie
mode and rr.tnner. of ct- Pli
IisiFotie, Cop afro w N\ ork
ommercial Advertiser. ji--willbe inicr.
ting 1o1or readers, at this rtticulirjunc..
,The Electors for the several States 'Will
meet on the first Wednesday in December
-tet, at-plce designatedin iheii respec
tive States by the Legislatures, and pro
ceed to ballot on separate tickets for Pres
ident and Vice Presideni. One at least
or the persons voted for must be a resident
of a State other than-that in which the
Electors reside. The -Electors are re
quired to make and sign three certificates
each stating the number of votes given- by
them, and on two distinct list, the nmher
of votes for President and Vice President
4and-for-whotu- cast -Each certificate is
to be sealed and endorsed, that it contains
the .:vote of such a State for President and
Vice President, and annexed to it a cer
tied list of-the Electors ofthe State. All
-areJo be addressed to the President of the
O;'9ne- of. these certificates is to.be car
ried to.its.destination by a versonsgpoint
ed. by the.Eectors, or a majority of them
in .writing, foTwhich iervice he is to -be
allowed 25 cents;per mile- for-his expenses
g.oing and returning, and is bound to deliv
er his charge at teeat of Government, on
the first Widosdiay in January ensuing.
:Th Second; of tbe ' ertificates-is des
jjtcbed forthwith -b iniil, and the third
deposited witbithe distritijudge of the-dise
trictwhere theElectorsaisesibled. In case
of the failure to.receive eithercertificate by
the -irst Wednesday inJiuaey, it is-the
duty of the U. S.- Secretary tof State to
send a special. messenger forthe one left
-in the custody of the judgepAs - above
"On the first Wednesday of February,
Congress proceeds to ascertain officidlly
the- result of- the election.- Tellers are
-previously appointed, one by tbe'Senate
and two by the Homse. At the hour
specified for the purpose, the Senaterepaih
to the Hall ofithe House, their-clerk hearing
the certificates received from the several
Electoral Colleges of the States. The
President of the. Senate takes the.chair,
and - after announcing the purpose of the
joint meeting, proceeds to break-the seals
of the envelopes, commencing with Maine
& proceeding in geographical order, hand
ing over each lo the tellers,without reading.
"The subscription and contents of each
are read by one of the tellers. The tellers
then count the votes, and make duplicate
lists thereof; which are handed to the pre
siding officer,- who announces the result
and declares the persons, if any,.who have
received the majority of all the -votes giv
en by the Electors, to be chosen President
and Vice President of the United States.
The Senate then withdraw, their chief
clerk bearing with .him the votes of the
Electors, sond one of thelists made by the
tellers, to deposit in the archives of the
body. The President elect is then waited
on by a joint committee of the two houses
and the Vice President elect by The Presi
dent of the Senate, and notified of their
"In case-no person receives a majority
of the Electoral votes for President, the
House of Representatives immediately
proceed to the choice by ballot, from the
persons (not exceeding three) who have
received the highest number of votes. The
vote in such cases is by States, each State
being allowed one vote only, a majority-of
the Representatives of said State present
deciding for whom that shall be cast. - A
quorum for the choice of President con
sists of a member or members from two
thirds of the States, and a majority of all
the States is necessary (or a choice. If a
President is-not chosen by the 4th of March'
the duties devolve on the Vice President.
President of the Satiate, or Speaker of
the House of Represenitatives, as is provi
ded in the case of vacancies by death,
resignation, &rc. .
"In case of the -failure to elect a Vice
President, the choice is made by the Sen
ate from. the two highest otn the listof can-.
didates. Two thirds of the whole niumber
of the Senators is a quorum for the pur:
pose, and a majority of tne wnole umber
is necessary for a. choice.
'-The Presidettelect is inauguratdon
the 4th of March, the oath of office being
administered to-. him by the ChiefJustice
of the United States. To the Vice Presia
dent -the oath is administered by a Pre'si
dent pro lemnpore of the Senate~ choseo for
Conitt. wtillh -a Mad Dog.-Mr. H ap~
poldt of this city, keen as a sportsman as
skitlful: as. a- gunsmithi. met' with a great
misfortune a-week or two since, in the loss
of fine pointer by hydrpphobia. and under
circumstantces -of uncommon-peril-to him~
self. After shooting until past mid-day,
observing that his dog became disobedient
arid- exhibited a suspiciousrpngnaniceto
water-he tie~it ,vith a handkerejf;toa
sopling, .leaned -his gun. against a treer~ate
his lu'ncheon a few yards off. On retoric
irig towards his gun, he found the -log evi
dently mad, in'the act of tearing itsehflooso
and making at him.- Without being-able
to reach his gun, Mir. H. ran into some
w ater.. near,. and-stood on a..log sialihy.2
-dog havinrggone aut of sight he was return
ing for- his gun, when sufddeny efg
rushed upon -him over a hilloit nd b:
only escaped being bitten, byggp.jzing the
rabid .animal .by .the throat. -::Astrugple
ned betieen themn ihr-more tha'n.half
an hour, requiring -theexertibu oflallIie
muscular power of the as~sailed,.while the
dog mangled its owsgqgedireadfnlly and.
covered Mr. H. wit~ifi mad blood.- H e
at last succeededij zn off his-bolt,
putting it arounid ihe d pcarn ik
ling it to the stem of a- ma)l bushgregain
ed-his..gun and 51 1 a~dog, Mre.-L
though he -escap fr~nately without a
scratch, was~nmne -exbayisted,. .and the
maecies odbl'sittesere swollenfrom the
exertion hir two days after.-Chareston
re~eived ~isciya~fromn:Lincoln county,
Ga., ths~ot-~ri:pf2owhich~anotronly sold
the cotston io. this-~zarketd Autiboughttbei
stipplies . mor#xhatt tis-hey
had Polk jnge Wdnwith poke
juice, on their wiges eoer., -This heats
SRatphojs;W ~b-Ptao,taken from
iuQaqre p geb~ hbdagcIaatgeek...,
r ,Jn .me%.a
For the informati out 're a
'fkir1Ihe names o a 1.5
-o were *elenased:y h n
:enrment.on he 16thf last h~
arrivedin New OHis ahr miee.
Prisoners.-S C Lyons; Geo Lord.
John M'Ginley, G S Brush. A D Headen
burgh, S A'arne, Wnf DavIe .
ry Journey, J H Livergood, G W Trahern,
A S Shurman, A Armstrong Isaac Zum
wait, Joho Brannam, Johnl' Mitlls', Wilfi1
Copeland, Mark Rogers, John Toopes, J
R Runion, R P Boswell, Jacob Ham
phrises, Levi Williams, D Ove~on, J B
Berry, F Whiteherst, E B Jackson, H V
Morel, William MiddletonfrA J ,Rowark,
T R Nelson, Henry Muller, F Grubbs,
John Hoffer. R Willoughby. M R Pilley.
Francis Riley, G~ Lewis, Wm Sargait.
Henry Woodland, R Brown, T A Thornp
son, 8 Goodman. D H-Vadbeehton, HH
Roberts, David Allen, Wm .Dunbar,'J:DI
Watkins, A W Alexander, John Lacy.,
John' larvy, James Young, L D .P Ed.
wards, Wm HH Frieddsley, Wm Gibson,
P M Bowman,'E -H 'Pitts, T:W.Bel,
Francis Authur, R W -Turner, Mabhew
Alexander, -:G W Clark. W Vnndlliie.
James Peacock, Lawson Mills; Willian
H Sellers, *B Z Boone, Joht Tarnny,,
Samuel McFall. J A Glasscock. - James
Calvert, J D McCutcheod, Thomas Dav is,
T J Sensibaugh, C S Kelly, William
Kaigler, F W T Harrison, R B -King,
John M'Mullen, Alex Matthews, C''
Sullivan, Chas Hensley. F White, G N
Downs, John'Sweazy, P M Mosew'el, P
A Ackerman, Wm Davis, Jas Neely, H
H Oats, A B Hanner,-E Sinith,- David H
Beesley, Henry Bridger,,M E Milloni, J
T-Dillon, JohiSansherry, G W Bdsh.
D F Barney-, C McLaughlin, T Pai-ker,
Ir., Wm H Moore, Wi Atwood, Duie!
Davis, Wm Winne, Wm H Shepperd,
James Wilson, Adam Masier. Theodore D
Mathey left sick in Pieblea
'Thi following persons, although releas
ed, still.remain in Mexico.
Col Wm S Fisher,. Capt JG, W-.Pear
son, Capt J R Bake'r, Cipt Claudius
Buster, Quarier-M aster P M Gibson,
Lieut Wm A Clopton, Lieut A'A Lee,
Liellt F W Douglass.
The Powers of Vegelationsi.-n those
good days of old when there.were no-corn
factors in England to counteract that part
of our Redeemers prayer, "Give us this
day our daily bread," by boarding up:vast
stores of. grain until mouldiness and ver- I
min have rendered it unfit for the use of
man, there stood at Walton-ball a water
mill.. for the.interest 'of the proprictor and
the good of the country round . Time, the
great annihilator ofall human inventions
saving taxation and the national debt;'htid
this fabric low in ruins some six years ago.
and nothing now remains to sho'w the
place it where it oncestood, except a
massive mill-stone, which measures frll
seventeen feet in circumference. . The
ground where the mill stood having beenI
converted into niedow, ihis.stone.lay there I
unnoticed and unknown- (save by the pas
sing hay-maker) from the -.pcriod of the -
mill's desolation to the nutumn of ihe 1
year 1813, 'vben ono of -our nut'esiing
wild animal,. probablyby. w.y of a winter.
store. deposited .a few uuts under is pro.'
tect ing cover. In the-course-bf the6 frol
lowing summer a single nut :having:es-1'
caped the teeth. of the:destrbyer sent up
its -verdant shoot through theihole in.he
centre ofthe procumbent miJl-stone.- One
day I pointed out this risirig tree toaigen;
temal whbo was standing by if this young
plant escape destruction,-, some time :or;
other it. will support -thu mill stone and.:
raise it from the ground." He seemed'to
doubt this. In order, however, thatte
plant might have a fair chanceeof success!
[. directed that it might be defended'from'
acident and harm byineans of a wooden
paling.: Year after year it increased ip
size-tand beauty; and when its.expanihion'
ad erntirely filled the hole in ,he-eentre of
the mill stone, it gradually began to: raise
up the mill-stone itself from the seat of iss
long .repose.. This bnge mass of stone is'
now eight incites above the ground. and is
entirely supported by the stem-of the nut'
ree, which has risen so the'rheight of 2.5
feet, and bears excellent frai:. 'Strnne-s
ften inspect this original curiosity.. When
I -meet a visitor whose niild physiognomy
informs me that his isoul is pmroo against
the stormy wind of polities,' wihich now a
:ays set all the world-in a (e'rmetit, I ven::
ture a- small attempt at-pleasantry, and'
say, "that.I'never piass this triee and mill
tone withattinking:of poor old Mr.
Bull, with a wveight ofreight hundlred-mil:'
lions 'of- pounds: round.y his galled ne'ck;
fruitful 'source of speeslation to.a Machia
vel, but of borrowv -to aWastiington.
Waleifton's essay on:-Ndtrdtliistory.
Fgyptian C'otton-Mr White of Lotu- -
isanna 'has on ili 'plantiida acoaton1
stalk '.from Egyptian andN~i~h'is abt
ifteen feetin height shiiiga 'tufrbefrof
branhes 'filed wiih biollsaforms aiia flow,
era. . Near the root it is as Jarge de'sauiis
trist.' Mr Whi:t 66taiheftwenty'seeds
from'a friend whY"ol' hiiihey' were
ga' s'rd from ther rdeo~-chie'Paelia.
Inmay last MIr, W.,anted:it' i~t his
grden; they grew gnp w,' but'iu August
gave no great- promise.' 'Dsapponied i't' I
his expectatins, be'6plaid' tf more a9tel P
tion to the pldiift~2nlhiPa rewdays ago I
ha ppening to be in til !uf fhis grounds
' 'was astiaie'ai cehedge i'n ther
jiearanc.-H~-hli "thfelimiate pa?
ticularly adayf'ed'itfodilinks'~tt~of this co
wTotad'thatif~ielly m'anaged it probs
blg will gioid raini~5f00 3OO0 lbs. of
eedt on'.ihcellge " E ttyle is ory
long aid it '~issteto be North 3'o -
cents' pe ItW~o tiiiour short staples.
Chering telgene-froxm .1issio.,
Staticu~ wa ja.
'By the la~ ardval~ii elisesid h'as been
reeived if' penuildk in tieti, 'Tlie Lbid
has poured out His SpiujidtiiBap
it' missionaties etbong- he B'rmeseaiidI
Kaeans and I mst' nnmerssconversions
are ireported.:'Sucs a 'wSik' isid'o'lie
unparaflelled in thstfstoryffoPatic iiiiW-.
sons. The-converts bashtifromi oteid
twoithouasunlss' -' M W : *
There is an urgent cry for new 'lsbf~ier
greatrexetttos bd'; o iwr'feWet/:t y- a
E tes Adecte. A M.' ***.
4-'%4 LAI M Ago.
NPhe. Stenm ii 'epblicCap' Ci'i~ne, nr.
ived atthis Idrt yesterday from Galveston.
Qur files by her are:iot-ofconsecuties dates;
they.are to the 30th-tilt. Otirpreviousadvces
were to the 28 of Sept.
A letter from San Antonio, dated the 13th
SiAtts .place everytiing is qiiet--the traud
being limited. The colony of M. Castro is
Capt. ays ut with his company on an
expedition-has been some 20 dayr; but we ex
pect to hear of him soon.
Judge Terrel is spoken of as about to recieve
the appointnent of Ministir to England from
Texas; and M r. Riley, of Houston, that of Min
ister :to- the United Siatei ' In ,eference to
these' ruinored ap'pointme'nts, the Banner, an
anti-Houston paper published in Brazoria
souantyesays: - -
Should they prove lrne, we have only to say
that in the nations to whicl men entertaining
such opinions and political princtples are sent
clothed witidiplomatic authority. Texas will
be annexed, and that we acknowledge no pow
er, no-authority, tn '*rig:ht divine," with which
the Executive of this nation is invested, that
will warrant-him in insulting, trampling upon,
Aid counteractiniA the will of the people
A gentleman' of iniegrity in Galveston has
received a. letter from a highly respectable
source in Mexico. wlo states there will he no
invasion of Texas this year, and that the citi
zen of Texas can depend upon what he says
to be true.
Excellenterops of corn had been made in the
neighborhood: of. the. Brazos, and in most in
The cotton crop is comparatively large too
and. bt :slightly injuted by the rains. The
catterpiller had made its appearance on sever
al plantations in Brazonia county, butthe crop
was too- well matured to sustain injury by it
The crop of- Victoria, Gonzales and Jackson
counties; is estimated at- near three thousand
. From the Charleston Mercury.
All is not won-the war not ended-our rights
not yet restored have yet to be regained-but a
great battle his been fought and an important
and encouraging advantage secured in our tri
llenry Clay..a false and dangerous man to
the South is finally disposed of. John Q. Ad
sms goes down witrl'him, and is now as harm.
less an old woman as his beloved Miss Thax
The people of the Union have decided some
important qtestions-iimportant to the lasting
weal or weal or wo of the confederacy.
- .They have rebuked Clay's onslanght on the
Vto power and forbidden, ruthless innovation
to destroy the checks and balances of the Con
They have forbidden the establishment of an
uncontrolled and uncontrollable. money power
-in a National Bank.
They have forbidden alliance of the-Federal
reasury with money-jobbers.
They have forbidden the assumption of200,
)00,000 of State Debt,. -
-.Thev.have forbidden the extortion of taxes
tbove the legitimate needs. of economical gov
They hive forbidden the promotion or Abo
ition by a Tariff impoverishing the South and
inriching our -unnatural brethren of other sec
They have forbidden frauds upon creditors,
tad the irvasion of private Tights, by a. miscal
ed Bankrupt Law,
They-' have foibidden the surrender of oar
rohren and our soil of Teiras to British con
rnl and Mexicat barbarity.
-Of all these thng this elettidn has baulked
ie morbid'appetite of the Whigs.
-'Let us;rejoice.-herefore,. but remember our
Alace in the order of.battle. ard..btting io jot
if principle, nor of heart and.hope, go-on in
he campaign, confidently to the resrue of all
mr rghts, demanding nbdiing more than an
oest fulfilment of all the requirements and
vrdes of-Qpe Democratic Republican creed,
iti lute to submit to nothing less.
turricane.-LissofLif- ad Destrution of
Popert.--A violent tornado passed over Jack
mnnounty, Missouti.. on the nightoftihe 25th
slt., which destroyed much, property, and we
eret to addkilled artnmber of prsorss The
Western Expositor, prited at Inidependence.
-t lcame neross the prairie three -miles from
West fiort. which it iujtted donsiderably, from
vhenee it passed over our county in -a ntoth
last direction, striking .the 'river abottt .half a
ile above Wayne city, at. C. N. Hall's mills.
We have heard of its kieeping down, the ri~ver
arsome miled, ibut as yet we haye t. heard
whereit eunded. 'It varied from five~ to seven,
:>udred'yard% in width, atid pturiied i straight
We give the followind listof the-killed hnd
rounded: : '
Mrs. McGill, LivingstonkdihediMrs, Stone,
3.; Mr. Kerr had three chilsiren killed,-and
btmself.greatly wvounded; MissMaaryMiddjlewqn
ad Dr..Martin's son,..ear Westport,. were
killed. -.A-stranger who had.. bee maoving a
Family; to Plattie, and eia6d 'oppostes
CMen's handing, as(otnd "dead, hig wadote
blownietirelg away? Th6nad Hedges 'tad
ill- of his-housesu and furire blown .otf and
sevetalnf hia fam: .. badly.-cripledS3Samuel
lAmibert, kotnsee.. ealgoee wifeqo4d anothph.
person badly injured. J.,Beadipj houtses,.c.,;
bown down of. J. ltig do ,.rs. Buggins,
so. and herse'lflibadly ~ "'ld~talvin Sie
Coy, do.,arid eeah oTht fihiif' dripp'Isli
Dr.- Martingdo; Mrs.:Bpekhatt, -do; hdasistk
Smith; do.; U.0N1kHtlls'e-steam-nawediilibrdonE
slown~ff, -grisetniill any .ouseblown-entire
Ly away-dumage. about $12j$0 .:: . Th
We have heard of aejeasI oters killd.ap:1
w ound1ed. and mntic.h -mnore.. property. spr4
~nt do not know tlie p i-t'clrWe'Hive'i
dea that the halrhiis'6 if6ldfor yset hdiilifor
e los of lives anid'destriiettni ol"piiigriy
aceasoned-by thisiwful-torhudo.: ~ e-~
Tsqpcmre.--We are i-ejoiedetoilearnIthpt
mn the, 'aesday evening of. Court.weeili.t
it ~aacastervilta one Amided .den signpeig
irejid'tinnad .o the pledge. ~~At- address .wa-a
idhird enit e occ'asion iijy . U'. BowmatL
iirielliii'uireiented as havingj beern s
r'Orotoibeitlyhdd a mesitinj on inst Sa
trday ezening,'hicbi wasiwell, atte:nded; the
Rgv q3 iderotieoflor mnstwarniheark
ledad oe~lteces,~ delivered, an -ad.
)ett . ave bieen .ia.. chsaste, beauatfifu and
iiijntd bdi.: Th sdiirf ;Caelen
forh, by Mr.-Wfiilden, atr'll oeassinas an~d we
lpe the addres, willy exc:t te.tebets to
greaterslauddshgen'te io~ iusee Hion.
Win SrcWilw.r: A Dg Ta R;.t
Pib ieltiti Gaieof
rasa Fiitsh -is eodli ajia
proiessm 5Aaeke gaegetting
peting ,sthe ese
are iow iltin at-r
drio~tlimdithfW opei (diideaii
hos wilibe vefy-bntdaft intoflhhtark
canlugipor kpeasou,-.and. Osepcrohit ;Z
Ro ue ver beeEdiksre illW
and-about 800 barielhave bee p &adZ
WEDRvESDAY. Nov EMDax 20. 1844.
"Iie will cling to tic. Pilars ofihe 'Temple of
our lbertaas,andtfit mustfall,wce will Perish
amidst the Ruins.
We call attention to the letter of the Rev. W.
Hooper, Professor of Greek and Roman Litera
ture, an the.8outh Carolinn.College. to the Rev.
Win. B. Jolhrson, of this place. The reply of
Dr~ Johnson will be published in succeeding
nubers of our paper.
We believe, that our readers generally,-will
read the excellent story entitled "Taking a
newspaper' which we have' copied from the
Philadelphia Saturday Courier. At least, we
/wpe that they will all read it and then lend the
paper to their friends so that they may see it,
and thereby' be induced, not only to "take" die
-Advertiser" but to pay for it. . Of the
great benefit- to say nothing of the pleasure
which a respectable newspaper affords, it is
not necessary to say any thing to our enlaght.
ened readers. Many.of them know this well
and we thank these heartily. fot the patronage
which they have bestowed upon us. We wish
that they ' may live a thousand years.' and con
tinue to take the Edgefield Advertiser, should it
exist so long.
BALLOON Asc assos.-Within a week or two
past, our ingenious townsman Mr. Murray, las
constructed some baloons and sent them aloft
on two successive evenings. They ascended
gently and gracefully, and were visible for a
length of time. Some years past, our citizens
were rarely favored with exhibitionsof this kind.
but they are now, mare frequent. Doubtless,
at no distant period, some fearless Xronant
will come in our midst and will explore the up
per regions in this vicinity, to the great aston
ishment of the "natives."
TRE PREsIDENTIArL ELECTION -The favora
ble news with regard to the votes given in
several States, for Presidential Electors, crea
ted quite a pleasurable excitement' in our town
for some days past. On Thtersday last, oni
National Flag was planted aloft, 'ind'for'soie
days afterrwads.it floated proudly in the breeze.
The lone starred banner of Texas was alsoun
furled to the admiring gaze of nurcitizens, few
of whom, had ever looked upon it befoire.:. -On
Friday night, there was a beautiful display in
front of the Court. House. A large quantity of
Tar was placed-in vesrels upon the public
square, and:a flame being applied, all--the-mr
rounding buildings were bi-lliantly illuminated
*A fine band of music played several enlivening
airs, and a considerable munberof onr citizens
marched in procession, while sitouts for POLK
and DA L LAS rent the air. Torch lights were
borne aloft, and cast a brilliant light upo" the
darkened streets. After marching in main street,
for some time, the procession repaired to the
Court Hotuse, which was splendidly'lighted up.
At a distance might 'have been seen, seversal of
Caiolinia's faairestdanghters-their Eountestances
beaming with smiles.'. Ate a essonable honr,
the company dispeikiLanid the citizens repair
red in good order to their'respective habitations.
Abdyu's'-Tboti'gh he Autumn is conddera
byadvanced,, nature is not. yet altogether, "in
the sear and yello* leaf." but is stil attrdctive
by. her sober beauty.' Sihe resemblesansatron;
with whom the bu ighi and- joyous' seasatr of
'youth is passed;bni who is~still in the ixnitiait
of her charms, and' fascbites all beoldesriu
"her resistless graces~ Te~cedi~tqib
tirely stripped of its foliage, .hut ie ad .a
var-ie-colored mantle of green, brown,sa'ron,
red :and other -gorgeons.Ines. The sef pndg
grateful temperatu~re whichr~we seontgtezperi
euped,-adds :much-othe'charm-of the presetat
aeisous Autumtais'fittiig' perndhis wild
taoffer np oirhearts ir t'tinrlaiksnwld
ments to-thie Give or eveiy goo. Health aid
6t, nprativ jlentz have b e ~
fy day. sine, gof qgepoggghiiited ist Ceirt
HLouse a numbroforgindi portraitis a1idian
Chiefs, womensand oth'ench at~ Tese
portraits aregiaeually sfriking~iM~~
5iQps among~tbe Indisf *lr
ing titageagsI41l 0~pL
fStates in:18d3 wii19N O1~ ~t~ii
paintings~ wer nI3
denpes. : Amii~ong~
ha Indianows-a 'lr
these paitange, yo.I
of-Wild Oat~,Alhiga -
d 'n aringcueta
shuckfC Teumo.she' Simrwib ; Po~satu
pi,htef of the loways; Estania: o
E ChneW .Thieabov Trib'es
t-es' or ie Missippi toward't
The Legiula;ure of South C mee
.u Mon6 y 40
The Court oAppeea 'J" M",itfi
session on the4ih Ml idi i a
17he Wahr-A. e al ag
faken pla'e in'ti W eatbi A Vir" ,
past; Vernal Ire'nzes' and gi t1 W -VY
w~nds rG6 i ld 4(firn
evening a change. of "rperat
and on Mondat thermfpoured4
the Whole day, Since that. iii. t s
has beeni cool.
Vote for Pidential
ing is the result of the ote' c -t.
tial Electors, sona.:rasi
New Hampshire 6 611818,
New York, 36 Co e
Pennsylvania, 26 NeWJery,
ina. - 3 Ma anId
South Carolinu,'\ 9 No Carona
Georgia, 10 .Ohio,
States to-b AnE
Alabama, 9. 'ermQMt
Louisiana, a6. Mas
Arkansas, , 3
Missouri, 7 susspp
Tennessee, - 13 - -.
ELEcTioN or Govslaeiio P Fa qnurr
ELECTORS n'B- TIRE .Pbl~~iton~
has been dir~te':whese subjecIsin this Stete
dunng the post-unmmer, and h ave
Presses of the State, aid.ddresses ofCandie .
dates for tleLegislature,'undergone-someti
cussione We have beuaattentivieobserves'
but have heretofeor said 6ulaueer-thesb
jects. We confess that our own nuhd 6ii-d
derwent some change - We once were' ratr
inclined to be in favor 6f thepropoition togi.
these elections to thepqople. We are not so
now. Subsequent reflection has satisfed us
that it would be fatl poisy2
-The higb fosition'ifo heldby Sod a6
lina results,in a-greatneane, from 8
that in politics we are a unitie-people 'J i, a
a-spectacle do we-now '-present, ivvi r i t ,
few Whigs in the State,'
rislature!. What a contrasyoir'diater.S
bordering upon us; whilst thevaregspii Ato
parties, waging an- almost exterminating w
upon. one another, we are a quietiand
ble people.. We have 'ne o hsi...
ful cider bariel, coon s exhitiosish iebW W
so much impair. the moral tone ol'those;who
pewt and countenance them - -
eAp a SotriberiStateo orplyis-Ab .1kse
ourselves uniteiihoior Uhio#li'@ssen qib
All that strength may soon he needed;daiidT.ey
not, in phrant of any vasoinay schm6iiidtetI*
piovemenl hazr the lossof ouQr8t setit -
audf siorig po tioti. .Ouit dre' i
Consititution, Laiwtell laveofarbrkdW'llc
In iferencse toth& Gnvirnoraff-~~
been'odrlhappy 'indshendrable. tidhti
it has been'cn,lrred, ithott
party scrainblefron getesho'f
and merit;--and ouhtr" & ~nt1ied'tin.
stance of an unworthy-in lieat.
In reference to th'rsdnid'lsaeju
presenst position'itiha'best nittiIilhouAWe
vote last, and thif-itself is'noitiotside'rable ad
vantage' We per ~s ighrtiotppsbamini
form system ofreletng'the 'Electors byiDis
tricts, throtbhotibil the State's,rbutuil that
pslan is adoptedd'edhave atithing fro gaid'and
all to lose, b-he introdnctibu'of the:General
Tickefiystemi tWe helieveisai~ the-,oieeitof
the People has-always been fairly-''een'in the
vois'of this-StanforPresident, by hegihi
tuire It is a Representative Resplsican mode
or titi;nahd'working so faiily~ ska dmital
b la's t!doetwetrsttatiur~Legislatere
wiljust let -alone- these .-proph'eser1amperings
fwit 'our presentspstema -There is nothing of
thekiad/that~esshould so. serioslyfeare -
tieseapriodical struggler for Goversiir -atid
-Presidential .Electors;- The -eviledincident..to
hstiugglst a in ouvuistar States,'sboulAd.
... merihef eoin dsadon'ie~ NOf~ti:
Wiit would:bet1iairdingtebtselia hoiusutemp
tbeh We-have felt litddttissilhstilyr
and e'eily(*feir,'to throw ptour views
i subec-.~We may rettoie
beaoEte Staterare redomnuenzdations.10
public honor and office;-if tbe eta~ clasif
of m&tt-obetthe g d9 dnd .bu
congideiae,1aos sU)t ~ guare
pJ*fis Staaud m h4a ir
geneppithdi q&~ii'fbe ofiemybe
coaIrred withptSnientto the State -d
yet tsr is,.in myp humblejna
ty~yyu~,1~ms~u4and faithfully pro.
Qheseielfhremfth State, with all the
i,*ia~~ge~a d 'ichistibgefish him
deaible and self4 cil 1et.
spred short otfimqims gibiitawaaI
os persona asnoosemence a
p~*t thcuu~s Modt4~. no
d ss -dgi