Newspaper Page Text
Texas.-A late arrival at New Orleans,
from Galveston, brings late dates from
Texas. Notiing of importance, except
the following papers, which throw some
light on the quarrel between Gen. Duff
Green and the President of Texas.
ThePresident of Texas and Gen. Green.
By the President of the Republic of Texas.
Whereas, on the 5th day of October,
1844, Duff-Green, Esq., having before
that time been duly appointed "Consul of
the Un.ted States, for Galveston," was,
by an Exequator of that date, issuel by
his Excellency, Sam Houston, then Pres
ident of the Republic of Texas, recognised
as such Consul, and, thereby, authorized
to exerciseand etijoy such functions, po
ers privileges, as are allowed to Consults
of the most. favored nations, in the Repub
lic of Texas, in which ofice the said Duff
Green is still acting.
And whereas, owing to circumstances
known to the Executive, the interests,
honor and safety of the Republic require
that the aut hbrity so extended as aforesaid,
to the said Duff Green, be revoked.
Therefore, be it known, that 1, Anson
Jones, Presidentofthe Republic of Texas,
by y,irtue of the power by law in me ves
ted, do hereby solemly revoke the exo
quator aforesaid, and tb6 same is accor
dingly revoked, with all the powers,
immunities, privileges and rights therein,
or thereby conceded, grinted or extended
to said Duff Green, as Consal, aforesaid.
Done at Washington, the 31st day of
IVASHINGToN. (Texas,) Jan. 2,1845.
Dear Sir:-The President of Texas, on
taccoutt as lie alleges of private and con
fidential conversation between himn and
myself has issued his proclamation revok
ing Exequatur, recognizing me as Cunusul
at Galveston. * He is endeacoring to make
it a inatier between this government and
that of the United States, This would
be 'to play into the hends of the British
Ministcr and-favor the purposes which the
President and some of those about him are
supposed to be anxious to accomplish.
The whole matter is private and personal
between the President and myself, and i
ant tesolved that it shall remuin so. At
Proclamationhas been suspended; and an
edurt is being made by mutual frie ds to
bring abott a recotncitiation, It seems to
me that President Jones has intentionaily
sought a qdarrel without cause, if so no
reconciliation can take place, because
having taken his course under the advice
ofevil counsellors, the same iufluence will
prevail. In that case I must expect to en
counter the combined influence of the
British Minister and the President of Tex
as acting in concert for the purpose of de
feating the wish of a majority of the peo
ple of Texas and of the United States. I
am aware of the fearful odds against me.
but I ant not dismayed. All that I C-dtw
ask is that .publ.c opinion be suspended,
until I can place the facts fully belore the
country, when it will be found that, the
President of--rexas has not the slightes'
posmtte cause, or-tlte -manner in irhich-ie
has treated 'me. %
I writn this note for the purpose of say
ing in advance, that while I intend to vin
dicate my own character. I intend to do it
in my ownaway at. the proper tine-that
I will not it I can - prevent, permit the
persontal injusticie done to me, to become
the cause of a geont,rovertsy between the
two governoteqts, 95 to any way, to retard
or aff'ect the questiorn ofannrexattion, and. to
ask thte favor of-you to publish this, if in
your opinion it becomes necessary to cor
rect any erroneous imzpressions whic-h may
Very respectfully, yours,
Editor Telegraph. Houston.
To the Editor of the Register:.
Sir, the President's proclarnation revek -
ing my exequator, as Consul at Galveston,
htas given rise to tmany rumors, and as he
has said that iLt was because the interest,
honor and safety-of the Republic required
it, these rdimors are to my prejudice. A
regard for my character demands and un
qualified contradiction of the rumors int
question. It is said that I endeavored, by
tmproper means, to obtain the Executive
sancioin to the measures about wahich I
consulted him.: . So far frotm this being
true, I was acting, as I believed, in concert
with him, in promoting measures, which,
as 1 supposed, bad his cordial approbation.
The purpose of tmy last conversation,
was to consult him. on the -letails, there
being as I believed, a perfect concurrence
on the measures .themnselves. It will be
seen, therefore, that I could have-bad no
possible inducement to intimnidate or to
use any improper means to influence his
What thosem'easures are it is not no*
necessary to explain further tthan to say
that their chief was to arrest thte progress
of British influence on our westerni and
north western frontier,.and especially to
prevent their getting- possession of the
country betWeen the Nueces and the Rio
Grande for the purpose establishing there
a colony of free blacks and runaway ne
groes; experienced. having demonstrated
that their black colony in Canada, like
their abolition in Jatxaica, is a failnre. I
have many .very important facts bearing
upon this subject, wyhich it is my purpose,
ins due time, to give to the.pubhic.
Ik-arn, also, that rumor says that one
of my objects was to bring into Texas a
large body of Indians; so far from this, one
of the measure whlich I proposed was to
remove beyond our limits, the Indians that
are now in Texas-.
I repeat that I supposed thtat the Presi
dent fully concurred in my views, and
that I am bound in charity to believe, that
he acted under a misapprehension and will
yet do me the justice to say so.
As you have published the proclamation,
I ask the favor of you to insert - this like
wise, and I trust that all who po~lish the:
proclamnatioc will pvblish this note.
Civilizati~n.--A 'savage oace said tt.
white man, wvho reproached him wit
wanting the. conveniences of society.
"Your whol'e life is spent in laboring for
S-.- ....s w have laned to do very well:
From the Soet Caroline.
TO THE COTTON PLANTERS.
The Cottiin Planters are perhaps th'
most uncalculating portion of human famn
ily who can pretend to civilization. There
I never was a moment when this fact was
more strikingly exemplified than the pre
sent ; it is melancholy to reflect how man.y
of then must be irretrievabyly ruined, and
how many beriously injured, by their own
oily. independent of the many other pow
erful causes at work to produce the same
effects. The Planters cannot realize from
the sale of the present crop of Cotton more
than 4 cents not per lb., the crop round.
It is admitted to be very doubtful whether
they will do better with the next, or any
future crop; and it is pretty certain tht
'cotton will never sell for any length of
time hereafter, for more than 6 cents net.
Yet see the prices which Planters are still
giving for everything they buy, and at
wbat rates they suf'er themselves to be al
lured into debt. At public sales on tiwelve
monthe-etedit, p)rime negroes will com
mand $600, for irmules'they will pay as high
as $100; and for everything else in pro
portion. And they do 'this Without the
least reflection, simply because they have
given as much or more heretofore. The
question is hov are these things to be paid
for ; or if paid for already, how is the pur
chaser to lie re-imnbursed by planting tot
ton, or any other crop we know of? The
expense of every hand on a cotton planta
tion may be estimated at $25 per annum
-even to those who purchase no provi
sions. If any one doubts this, let him set
down what he has paid oubfor Overseer's
wages. Doctor's bills. bagging, rope, iron.
salt, nails. clothes, blankets, hats, shoes,
mules, wagons, gears, hoes, axes, black
snith's and carpenter's hills. &c &c., and
divide ihe amount by his number of hands.
I have never got off under $30 per hand
For every full hand, planters. on the.
average, own at least $200 worth of land.
If any one doubts this, be can easily make
the calculation. Ile must include of course
all he lands he atens, whether under cul
itoie, in old fields. or forests. The interest
on this capital inivesied in land, isl$14 per
hand per annum : expenses 825-total
$39. If he is a good planter, and culti.
vates.good land, he may calculate per
haps 'on Parrying to market 1.500 1b'. of
ginned cotton. for each hand. I am con
sidered rather a successful planter. I think
my corops' -re over the average of the
State, and for the Iast.twelve years I have
made an average ol'a little over 1,300 lbs.
per task hand. Even ,500 lbs. at 4 cents.
will give only 660 per hand. Deduct $39,
and you have $21 elear. At the present
price of cotton, astonishing- as it may
seem. $31 per hiand is all the votton plan
ter can expect to realize ; and he must
have good laud, and manage well to do
that. I do not believe it can be done by
one planter in three. in South Carolina ;
and there is not one in a hundred who can
do better. Letevery planter lay aside his
boasting to others, and calculate the mat
ter for himself, and to himself, if he choo
Thiq suti f$31. Is the interestron $300.
And I affirm, that every dollar paid for a
prime negro., over and above that amount.
is thrown a way by lthe folly of the planter.
He can't afford to pay more. If he per
sists in doing it, his ruin is inevitable
without Abulition, or increase of the Tariff,
disunion or war-'-ust in the natural~course
of things. With cotton at 4 cents you
must sell 7,500 lbs of clean cotton to obtain
300. With cotton at 8 cents-which was
what the lait crop was probabiy sold at
-this amiount would bring $6003. So that
negroes now at '$300. are no cheaper to
the platnter thati they were at this time
last year at $4000 But lie who pturehaased
last year on t welve tnonthts credit, for $600.
will have tu p-ty how 15,000lhs. ofrcotton.
or as much as if tie paid last year 61 200
in cash At th'e very hiahest time of cut
tot-itn 1836-7, a lien miany planters'ecrotps
netted 18 cents prinme field hands might he
purchased for 61,200, or 6,666 lbs. of cot
ton-itearly 1.000. lbs. less thant will now
pay for otie 'even at $300. This shows
tat, at this apparenTy lowv estimate, they
would be really higher thatn in those limes
which we now denounce foar their reck ess
ness and extravagance.
TIlE NORVIl AND THE SOUTil.
it is not to be disguised that what is
called the "Religious Press"~ a' the North,
is, with very few exceptiotns, in close af
finity with the spirit of A bolitionism. The
cautious atnd rmeasured, and comparative
ly inoff'emiive terms, ini which they formter
ly spoke of our institutions, are exchanged
for rant and denunciations and inventive.
They meddle with every political qitestion
which is thought to have a bearing either
directly or remotely on the subject of sla
very, and throw the whole weight of their
influence itt favor of the main schemes
which the oranized Abolitionaists support.
And thotugh, at tir.aes, they affect to dis
countenance sach organientions, -'they are
themselves their most. active and efficient
coadjuturs and allies ; and the more dan.
gerous to us. inasmttch as they ard less
ipen, but not less bitter in their attacks.
As to the "Lnion" which our Fathers
formed ini the spiri4 of compromise, they
assail it without disgtuise, and laud every
attempt at its infraction, so far as the arti
cle of slavery i., concerned
Such being the tone and spirit of these
papers, it is obvious that should it contin
ue and increase, all Christian intercourse
beteetn the North and the South must
soon cease, and with. it all friendly politi
cal relations. Upon the facts here stated,
it is not necessary to make any comment
Our readers can drawv conclustons for!
themselves, and supply what we may have*
left unsaid.-Charleston ObsErvel.
'irskine College-We are trappy fo
learn that the affairs of thia institution are
in a highly flourishing condition, having
commenced the present year with about
120 studeants. The fact is. the advantages
of Erkine College only require-to be gen
erally known, to insure as fuli'classes as
its atle and experienced Professors can at
tend to. The salubrity oft the climate, and
experienced Professors can attend to. The
salbrily of the climate, and refinement of
the citizens of Due West Village, are in
nicements for parents to send-t'heii' sons to
ths Institution not often to be foand: and if
... ae ot retl mitaken. ii wil be ht
t short tim before they are proieyap
RarAaKs WURTUY OF CoNbIDERATION.
i The following remarks of the Trumbull
(Obo) Democrat, will apply to other pla
ces as well as Ohio, and we commend
them to the consideration ofour own teigh
bors andfriends. Those little think of the
injury they are doing t-ieir own purses and
neighborhnods. who refuse to sustain their
own local pressies. bur loAk to rhe isem
moth oversupported papers of the cities i
they prevent the improvement of the press,
and lend a helpiug hand to place a veil
before advautages possessed lky their own
town. anti prevent a proper developement
of its resources, at the same time th'at they
curtail the usefulnesS of the press.
SUPPORT YOUR OWN COUftrT PAPER.
-We think every impartial man will ad
mit that countrypapers are not supported
as they ought to be, yet these same men, or
many of them turn their own backs on.their
own -county papers, and give their support
to) some overgrown, city paper perhaps
cheaper and larger, and containing rather
more reading atter.-We admit that in
consequence of ihe enormous patronage
these.pap'ers receive, having in sewe in
stantces over forty thousand subscribers.
instead of one thousand, which is moTe
tban tim averhge of country papers," their
pay invariably in advance, never loosing
a dollar by poor subscribers, and their fa
cilities for pinting by steat, they are
enable to furnish their paper cheaper than
we do or can, but nevertheless it se6ms to
be necessary. especially in acolitical point
of view, to have a county pape,!:and to
ha've tone it must be so'ppoitdd, ac' the
better if is supported the better-it Can ie
made. Who then will not caist mnhis
mite by subscribing for his coutsty paper.
Support that first, and then, if you.please,
support foreign papers, but don't. starve
out your printer who is doing altle can,
anti then curve him for letting his paper
run down. or not making it bettr. Give
your county paper a liberal suppof and
then if is not what it should be,"curse it,
and quit it, but not before. -
Pront the Cherait GazeUe.
A 1Neto Enterprise.-It will he seen by
a corimunication in another column, that
the Marlboro' lauufacturing Company,
propose to the public the establishment of
a new company to be engaged inihemana
ufacture of Cotton Bagging. In a conver
sation we had a few days ago with Mr.
Townsend, the principal stockholders in
the present Company, he assured us that,
by an outlay of about $2,500, and cottoin
at'the present low rates, he could.matru
facture Bagging, weighing two -tid'to
the yard, for 15 cents a yard, or, if twilled,
a somewhat lighter article, but egually
strong at the same price. This Veduction
in the price of Bagging it appears to us,
would of itself be a matter of some consid
ration to the planter, but more especially
when it affords an additional and no in
consideration market for the consauption
of the lower grades of this stapl duc
Let us enter Into a talculatiotW. and
mark the result : If cotton could be used
for all bagging consumed in the Southern
country-and we know of io reason why
it should not-say to cover 2,500,000
bales, at five yards to the bale and to
pounds to the yard, it would require 12,
500.000 yards of bagging, and 25,000,001)
lbs. of raw couon, say, in round numbers,
62.000 bales-considerahle more than the
whole crop of the Vee Dee couutry and its
tritnaries. But this is not all: the poorer
qualities, which are now scarcely worth
Cppring for shitiment, w.ould thus find a
ready market at h-ntme, and mof course to
this extent relieve the foreign mtuket of
its superabundant supplies, and still fur
ther, by diverting the labor of a portion of
our operatives into a new thannel. B~ei
sides these considerations, the Soth ~
would be saved a heavy and exharstina
draitn upon her resources, which at the
present titme cannot amcount to much less
tian $2.000.000 per attuno' intere-st andt
patritism both point to the line of 'Jury.
and we trust that those whot should feel n
inerest in this enterprise, (and who does
ot?) will not allow the present opportu
ily to slip wvithout it a raugible ftortm
Another/-We take advantage of this
opportunity to state, that our enterprising
fellow-citizeti. Mr. Jatnes WV. B'urn, re
cntly expressed tot us his intention of eri
tablishing a Factory on Juniper creek.
about seven miles from this town, where
ie haa already Grist and Saw Mills in
successful operation. Mr. Burn is justi he
man to succeed in ith etndertakitng. lie
is a practical mechanic, intelligent, indus
trious, enterprising, anid with. suffiefent
means, earned too, by the sweat of hit,
brow. to cornmetnce the undertaking with
out involvitng himself in debt. We have
no doubt as to the result-ce must-he
will succeed. il life and health -are spared
him, andi no untm'vard accident occurs.
He asks sto other pro ect ion or encourage
ment. than that which a free and unshack
led trade will affoird jhime.
President Jones of Texas-T he Presi
dent of the Repuiblic of Texas Dr..Anson
Jotes, is, as we learn from onie who new
him in early life., a native of JBerkshtire.
Massachusetts. He lived with his family
when a tboy, in Len, the shire town of
Berkshire. and was remarked as a Gne
promising lad, of manly deportmnent amia
ble tetmper.. The family afterwards ire
moved to Philadelphia.-N. Y. Sbun.
W'fealthy Citizes.- There has been puli
1ised in New York a painphlet. contain
ing a statetment of the wealth, and a bing
rapical notice of the wealthiest cifigens
in that cety, reckonting fromt II00.000 up
wards, John yacob~ Astor is glut down ait
$25.000,000: his son at $5,O00,0'00; Mlr.
Forrest,- the tragedian, fit S150,000; A. 0.
Philips at $l.000,00O6 Mr. beach. pro
pri'etr of the Sun newspapeit, fa set downo
at $250.006, Mr. HSale, of the Journal of
Commerce at *i00.000; Mr. Hafl of the
Commercial Adivertiser, at $150,O0001 lir.
H alleckr of the Joutnal of Comtmerce, at
150 000'. fitzr brethiren of the press
show well. ?. G. Stuoyvett $4,000,000.
UTnEnss -h u ubjoiie Resolu.on ih*oe
duced in the HTduse of Representatifes, by Mr.
Milton Brown, was passed:
Declaring the terns on which CongreA' will
admit Texas into the Union as a1 State.
Resowed. by th Senate and House of Repre
sentalices of the United States of America ru
Congress assemble I, That Congress doth con
sent that the territory properly included within,
and rightfully belonging to the republie of
Texas, may be erected into a new State. to be
called the State of Texas. with a republican
form of government, to he adofpted by the pco
ple of said republic, by deputies in convention
dssenibled, with the consent of the existing
goverinment, in order that the same.may be ad.
mitted as one of tife States of this Union.
Sec. 2. And be it further Resiolved. Th.at the
foregoing Ctosent of Congress is given upon
the followingcoidition, and With the flollowig
guaraities. to wit:
:First. Said State In be fortned, subject to the
adjustment by this g-vetnment of all questions
of boimdary that may arise with other govern.
ments; and the constitution thereof, with ihe
proper gvidence of its ado ption By the people
of said republic of Tetas, shalf he transimtTed
to) the President of the United States, io be
laid before Congress for its final action. o or
before the first day of J~aniary one thounand
eight hundred and forty-six.
Second. Said Stite, wheon admitted into the
Union. di'ter ceding to the United States ill
ines. minerals. salt lakes, and springs. and
alsoall phlic edifiers. fortifications, liairacks
ports and harbors. navy and navy-yards, docks,
n-iezines; arms. armtaments, and dll other
roperty and means permitmng to the ithlic
defence belonging to said republ;" of Texas,
shall retain all the publir funds. debts. 'axes,
and does of every kind which may belong to,
or be due or o iv 'g seid republic. and shall
also retain-all the vacant and unappropriated
lands lying within its inuits, to be a -lied tothc
payment of the debts and liabilities of ,.aid
repub'ic of Texas; and the residte of said
lands, after d-scharging said debts aned liabil.
ties, to be disposed of as said State may direct;
but in no event are said debts and linbiities to
become a charge.-np im the goverement of the
Third. New States, of coivenient s'ze, and
having sufficient popitlatiet., may .hereafter,
y the consent of said State. he formed ont of
he territory thereof. which shall be entitled to
admisit under the pr ivisions of the federal
ontitution. A nd such States as may be form
d oat of that portion of said 'territory lying
south of thirty eix degress thirty mintites north
Intiltide, cominoitly known as the Missonri
omnlomise line. shall he admitted into lite
[uinn, with or withont slavery. as the people
of each State asking admision may desre. And
in stch Stale oir States as shall be farmed ont
of the said territolry north "f the said Missomri
compronise eie, Tlayery nr invoinntary servi
dt'e. except for brime,shall he prohibited.
The yeas and nays were taken. and are as
YzA5s-Nessrs. Arrington, Ashe, Atkinson,
Bayly, Belser, Ridlack, Edward J. Black,Jas.
Black, James A. Black, Blackwell, Bower.
Bowlin, Boyd, Brodheead. Aaron V. Brown.
Milton Brown, William J. Brown. Burke,Buirt,
Caldwell, Campbell. Sheppard, Cary, Renben
Chapman, Augustus A. Chaptnan. Chappell.
Clinch, Cobb. Coles, Cross, Culinm. Daiel.
ohn W. Davis, Dwsnn, Diet, Dellet, Dng
lass. Dromgoole, Duncain, Ellis. Farlee. Fick
in, Foster. French. Fnller. Hannett, Haral.
son. Hays, Henley, Holmes, Hoge, Heokins.
Houston. Hthbard, flumbhell, Hnghes, Charles
J. Ingersoll. Janeson. Cave Johnon, Androws
ohnson Geonge W.IJones.A. Keniedy. Kirk
patrick. Labraiche. Leonard, Lucas. Lumpkin,
Lyon, M.Causlen, Maclay, McClernard. Mc.
Connell, McDowell. McKay. Mathews, Joseph
orris,1saac E. Morse. Murphy, Newton, Nor.
is, Ov en, Parmenter. Payne, Petit, Peyton.
E. D. Porter, Pratt, David S. Rheit, Relfe,
Rhott, Ritter, toberts. Rtusell. Saunders, Sen
ter, Thomas H. Seymotur, Simeons, Simup
son. Sidell, John T. Smtith, Thomas Smith. Rt.
Smtith. Steentod, Stephens, 3. Stewart, Stiles.
[anies W Stone. A. P Stotne. Strotng, kykes,
Taylor, Thompsn. Tibbett:,. Tucker, Weller.
Wentworh, _Joseph A. Wnght, Yancey anid
Nvs-Messrs. Abbott. Adams. Andlerston.
Baker, Barringer, B. rnardl. Bentont. Brengle.
3rnkeroff. Jeremiah Brown, Bniflinte"n.t Car
enter, Jeremiah E. Chary, Crerrall Catliti,
Ca sin. Chiltont, Clingmta n,. Cflintoin, Collatner.
Cranston Dttna, Datrraght Gariret Ciavis,11I.
Davis. Debeerry. Dickey. Dillinghamti. VDto
lap, Elmer, Pish, Florence. Font. Giddings,
Gogg in, Will is Green, Byrame Green, G'in
nell. Grieter. Hatle. Hannihtul Hatuilin:, Edward
. amlin,~ H ardint. H-arper, Herrick, itndson.,
VnshigtotnI int. Jamues B3. Hunt.J It. let
.ersol, Irvin. Jetiks. Perh-y B. Julhreont, John
P. Kennedy. Pre'st,,n Kiti., D. P Kio.,i, Mc
Clelland, .\elvainee, -.ifarsti. Edl'vuard J. .erris,
Freetan H. 11nrse. M10seley. New., Patt sn.
hiix, Peelleck. E. It. Potter.'Prestotn, Ptirdy.
Ramey, ltaththnrn. Ray eer. Rledineg. Robeinson,.
Rockwell, Rodney. lleegerns. St. John, dameple,
Sceek. Severane, D)avid L. Seymoeer. Alteert
Sotnth, Caeleb B. Setuth. Stensonc.A ndrew Stew
art, Sunenners, Thomnasson. Tildene, Tyler,
Vance Vrce~neter. Virmn. W~etheered. When
tea. Johni White, Beenjeuin White. Williamts,
Wjnthrop anud WVil liamn Wright-98.
A mhotioni toe recoi--ide'r was rejeried, acid the
.topeets.-You) woutld'dlt hear ofrso
many ruu away mcatcthes if It warnet for
them ctussed bocardlia' schtoeds, I knetw. A
'ittg chap sees our- of these nngeliferous
gals a goin' a *dlkiee' and imqmires who
he is antI wha' she is,-Hle hears she ha-,
rigreat fortene. and he knunu~s ehe has great
benutyspendidt gal -,he is, mu. She haS
een tau;;ht toe stand straeit, like a drill set
jeant. She kneows how tee get into a ear
riage andI show tdo legs, and to get (lit eof
one as much otelike a h~ear andl as mteche
uch like a lady a-- pessible. Shte -enn
stand ini first secontd or thtird pomsitioen ini
ehurh, ntd held her elbows gcacefulh.
ery important chu.ch lerasotns them, oo.
much more chani the letsons parson renedh
'i'hen shte knows a little flieny prayer book
akes a big hantd tuod butgeaeUus. arnd a
big one mnaIes a big one leook siniall: atid.
besiedes, she~ kntews all about smtiles, thte
smile to sit with or walk with, the smile to
tlk with, the smile of surprise, the smile
seoty, and the smile piteeous. Site is a
ost iccorntplished gal; that's a face, how
can it lye otheerwise in natur? Ainit she at
a female semibary, n here the 'mistross
dnt do nothiin', she catn teach everythin'
'cause it's a fashionable school, anid very
dear. It must hye gooed since it costs.so
ntch. and you cant get ntothing gooed
vithout a good prce that's am lact."-Sani
.Mr. Nile's Propositio.-Mr Nileq, af
Cooenecticu'. has intrieduced into the Sen
ate a proposition feir the annuexatuion of
eas. it is. to effe'ct that, wvithin onte
year, Texas shall formr a State not larger
than the larges!tinow in thee Untiotn, aund
ed the residue of her terrieo,y to the
Utited Sta tes-300,000) edollars co'.be ad
rn'ced' bv ihiq Goeerrnmentt to pny the
eirs Fredik.Dawon the sum furnish
ed by him to build up the T'exali navy
the Missouri Compromisa in regaid to sia
vety to be observed. We hail this prop
osition coming from the quarter it does,
with great pleasure, If is instrically 'vain
tible, and is entitled to the most favorable
c'nsid-ration. We have no fears froni the
multiplicity of propogiions;' It is by a
candid discussion and comparison of the
who!e. that the he .t features can be com
hined, and unite all friends of the great
measure in its final support.
CONG RESSIONAI NEWS.
Corresponidcace of tie Charleston Patriot.
WAsafINoTOt Jan 25.
The Star of Texas is still in tbe ascen
daut. In the Hous'e this morning. after
the rejertion ofrnometrous propositions, the
joint resolutions ol Mr. Milton Brown were
suhstitu'ed for those of the Committee on
Foreign Affiiirs, and finally passed by a
vote of yeas 102-nays 98.
The principal featores of the measure
are as follows:
A netv State is to be fdrmed outi of the
rerritory of Texias. to be called the State
of Texas. The people are to form a Con
stitntion. which shall be forwarded to the
President of the U. S, ont or before thb 1st
of Janiuary next, so Ilbat he may submit the
sanlie to Coogiesi.
All sne-tions of boundary tith pther
Goverrnents are to be settled by the U. S,
All fit- pqhhic works of Texas, such as
diocks Fortificat ions, &c. are to be ceded
to i he U S.
Tire unaippropriated lands of Teias are
to be kept by her foi the prpipse of pay.
ing her own debts, and the U. S. is not to
ie liable for any portion thereof.
When fite population shall le sufficient
tour oaddititmil States 11aty bb fortiel from
tle remtaioing Territory tn Iwo of which
slavery is to be prohibited. In rhe re
maining two of which slavery is to he left
0 1h. determination of the people. - -
No oihar iusiiess was transatced. The
greaatest enthosiasia prevails, and the most
saoguine hopes are entertained with regard
to the fato of the measure in the Seonte
Correspondence of the Mercury.
WASHINGTO. Jan. 27. 145
1 think you shoulI have confidence in
my inthrmnation and estimates of the state
of things here. You will recollect, that I
told you that the Texas questmion would be
carried by the Squtlern Whigs, and gave
you the count of one hundred Democrats
and nine W higs for it. Thiswas the iden
tical vote, saving one, by which Mr.
Brown's Resolutions were carried in the
House, and this was the real vote by which
the question was setiled. The vote in the
House. was a vote given. after the Nor
thern Democrats land been bluffed off by
rho Whigs and bealen by their own party.
They fell into line after in vain trying to
hcak it, either by their own strength, or
by the strength ofour enemties combined
witih them. As to the Saenate-it is in a
prnfound, anti silent state of doubt. When
the opinions of Senators are expressed, I
vill he able to give you some-eformation.
I now say this, that the measure is suppo
sed to depend ve'y tmuch nt the course of
the Virginia Senators. Accordingly the
Legislature of Virginia is watched from
this plate wilh great ankiety. The two
Senators of Virginia tare understood to be
against the mecasure tat pr'esent, and Mr.
Archer, insirueted or not. So far. Mr.
IPoster from Tennessee is the only Sou
thern Whig Senator whno is decidedly in
fiavor of the mneasture sent from the H-ouise.
Hie itndeedl is its author.
Mr Calhoun has been sick ror three
dlavs with a cold and fever. He is s-tid to
day to be better. Your Senator Mr. Me
Duflle is also heiter. -
Arn Oreg to Blill was pissed ; as a coom.
panion piece to Texas.
Corre spomdence of the Cou-nd.
WASH ING TON. .Jan 28.
'ie inion gaints ground that the an
nexartion theasuare wvill cditmiand a very
Stroung vie itn the Senate. if not a matjotri
iy. Shottld thre Senate; hmwever, adjourn
wi'hontt passinag the staasure, Mr Polk
will no dotiht. feel himne'lf emnnpelled to
'all an extra session. We learn that the
Virgitnia Legi-lature will inistruct thelr
Setnators on the subj-et, andi that Mr. Ar
cher will not obey. %ti that Mr. Rites
n ill either obey or resign, probable the l'or
An r-xpressa ttnail has beenestabmli-,bed by
the pout atife dlepanrtmient between .Cov
ingtont. and Montgomery, to cornpete withr
the private expfr-s on atat line and to ac
commondate the planting aiid comumercial
interests of the South. It commenced to
tay. Prepairt lettera and newsapaper slips
are to lie sent by it. ,
1t is annonneed rhndt Mr. Polk will lesse
Nashville for Washinagton abe first of Feb
ruary, by the route of the Otldo1 should
thne tnavigatiotn he ape -
tt bh-Ih Houset. to day a ihemnorial was
presented fratm Mr. Whitney, of New
York. jirraposing to make a rail road from
L-ake Michigan to the Pacific Ocean,
wiha view to muake it the great thorough
fare fromt Chinua. and asking Congress to
grant him thirty mtiles of territory on each
side of alae road in aid of the enterprije.
The Senate was engaged ini the consid
eration of thre bill redlucing~ abe rate of pos5
rage. &-., atnd Mr. Mlerrick cotneinded his
explanatiot arid defetnce of the bill.
"Mr. Hunratintgtmt moved to redure the
pastaage of newspapers, buit it was opposed
on 'he ground, tat the newspaaperi, though
they fortmed thre chief borden of the mails,
were charged now with tents thi tenth of
thre it-oetmouna of the estimauted reven'ue
under the hill.
A proposition stas rhadle to a-rie tire
postage on letters for distances not excee
ding thirty miles, to three cents. It was
not finanlly disposed of.
Mr. Niles. who was fornyerly Post Mas
ter General, spoke very strongly in sup.
pori of a reform of the whole system of
poetage. He remarked ttbat the public
dlemanded it, and that the example of Eng
lao had fully- ptoved thrat it was practica
Thre injaonction of seeresy was removed
from the China negotiation, and it isn said
that. the correspondence is ver-y interesting.
The House. to da'., was engaged in re
ceiving re-solarions, reports. &c.
enoreing the claim# of our citizens pas
Mexico. This subject now demands much
Mr. Ad:ms off'ered a resolution, calling
,or the correspondenee between our Gov
ernment and the British Minister, respec
ting the Oregon boundary.
EDGEFIELD C. H.
FRIDAY. E'BRUART 7, 1845.
We iill cling to t Pillars ofthe Thspsle
our T, ibertses, aillsfit mustfiItoe waill Peris.
amid the Ruins."
COTTON BVRn.-At a Fire which oe.
eu-red at Wetumpka Alaon the 29th ulit
i806 bales of cotto'n were destrdyed by
Ore. And on 25th at Yazoo city Miss
1500 were himni.
The Wveder.-Since our last, the weather
was quite cold for a few days, and on Mondaf
evening tire was a rall of rain, which con,
tinned i.early the entire night.
Ott Tuesday the 4th, the weather tAs very
cold, and on Wednesday the thermometer was 4
three drgrees below freezing point.
Cold IWeatir in Europe.-TIhe winter hai
been qnite severe in the north of Europe. In
Loidon the weather has been very cold, an&
we have seen it stated, that there lasbeen muzir
ceon the Thanie'
Congess.-The bill providing for the elee
lion or Presidential Electors on the same day
in all the Stais, ispassedf both .uses% ani
been signed by the President. . -
SENATORIAL ELECTrION.-A: an election for
Senator, held in St. iiMkes Parish on the 20t'l
and 21st nit.. Dr. J. Fickling was elected.
We are Indebted to the Hon. A. Burt for a
copy of the Speech or the' Hon 1#n. L. Yan.
cey, ofAlabama, on the Annexation of Tea.
We are indebted to the lion. Willian' L.
Yancey, for a copy of a public document.
THE CHERozEs.-The seat ofgovernment'
for the Cherokee Nation. is calle4 Tuleqnah.
It is sittated east of Fort Gibson, in a beauti
IlItract of country, partly woodland .and prai.
rie. This site was selected in. 1839, after the
re-union orthe eastern and western branches
of the Cherokees. The Cherokees have a
Constitutilot, which guaranties to thmiia. Re .
publican form of government. A paper called
the Cherokee Advocate, is published atthe seat
of government. It is published both 10'the
English and Cherokee language. Wm. p.
Ross Editor, and J. D. Wofford Translator.
It is owned by the Cherokee Nation. The
Cherokees are a noble race of Indians, andi
are making rapid advances in civilization.
Govzton WVR1GTn's MzssAE.-The Mes
sage of' tove.rnor Wright, of New York, like.
thejfainonss novels of Richardson,, is of inter
milnable length We. doubt. ii it contained as
much pleastant reading as the "long drawn out"
stories of this writer. It is said that four hours
were occupierd in readinig it, consequently the
Express of Pomnroy & Co. was about one hun
dred and thitty miles from Albany, when the
Clerk had finished reading it.
We have received several numbers of the
"Murscogee Democrat," a new paper pttblised
at Cohthbus. Georgia. hy L T W. Andrews.
It is a bold and inde pendent advocate of Dem
ocratic pratciples, and lays on its castigation
without nmercy. We welcome it to our exchange
TmiE Surru CARor.::AN-The last number
of the South Carolinian contains the farewell
address of the editor, A. Hi. Pemiberton. to his
friends and readers. Col. Pembertot. was for
several years the Proprieto~r anid Editor of the
South Carolinian. It is scarcely necessary to
say, that he has fo r a long term of years. been
tan able and fearless- advocate of the doctrines -
of the Stati Rights School He has sold his
establishmtent to Col. As G. Staunmer, of New
berry lDistrict. Col. S. is wvell known to many
of our readers as a gentlem-tn of talent and
handsonte literary attaiaments.
Tua TEMPRaANicE ADvocAE.-SinCe the
retiretment of Mir Arthur, the Temperance
Advocate wvas under the control of the pub.
lisher; Mr. Morgan. John G. Bowman, Esq.,
willhereanler be at the head of the Editorial
departnent of the papter. Mr. Bowmn is a
distin'guishe'd[ lecturem on Temperance, and his
apphointmnent will doubtless give satisf'action to
the Temperance Associations throughout the
TurE ORIoN AND SitoM's MAoAzIN.-Th5"
Orrona which was published by' W. C, Rich
ards, has beetn merged. into a new monthly,
called the "Southern and Western Monthly
Magazine and Review." This periodical will
be coniducted by Wmu. G. Simms. Subscribers
to the Orion who have paid in advance to this
publication will receive the M1agazine published
by Mr. Simma, until the time tor which they
haive subscribed, has expired. Tfhis will be at
the exzpense of the late ptublisher of' the Orion.
The literary reputation of Wam. G. Simus,
wich is spread far and wide over our country,
will inasure f'or his klagazine an extensive cir
culation. We have no doubt but that it will
be conducted with ability, end we hope, that it
will receive a liberal patronage, especially front
Southern readers. The Magazine is publishetd
as Charleston.8 C.