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..IU I .X . . . . - -
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( Correspandence of the Charleston Patriot.1
WASHINGToN, Jan. 31.
The Senate did not sit io-day, having
again adjourned from Thursday to Mon
In the House a hill was reported by Mr.
Saunders., from the Judiciary Committee
to establish a uniform Naturalizationt Law.
The 1st section provides that every alien
desirous of becoming a citizen. shall de
clare his intention on oath, in a court of
record; said declaration to be accompan
ied by. a written statement, on oath, sta
ting the particular place of the birth, of
such applicnt. the time of the ar-rival and
the State in which he had resided since his
The 2nd section provides that any alien
being a free white person, n ho shall have
resided in the U. S. after he has mrade his
declaration, and who shall have resid.ed at
least five years witiii the limits (f the U.
S. preceding the time of his application.
nay be admitted as a citizen.
The 3d section provides, that any alien
being a miner, under the age of21, who
shall resided within the limits of the U. S.
two years next precedibn Hs arrival, at the
age of twenty-one. and who slail have
continued to reside therein. ti the time he
may make applica-ion to he admitted a
citizepq "fer_ iT . e. 1 r
years within the limits of the U. S., melu
diig t-he two years of hi- minoritly, he ad
m1nitted as a Citizen.
The 4th * Section provides. that %n hen
any alien' Ito shall have complied with
the specified conditionstmay die belore he
is actually uatu)ralized, abc widow anil
children of Such alien, i then dwelling in
the U. S. slall he considered as a ciizen
of the U. S. and srill he entitled to all
the privileges ofsuch on nakitig ranuncia
tion and oaths. And the children of all
such persons as may he naturalized and
become citizens, being under the age of2t1
,at the time (if their parents being so natu
ralized, and admitted to lhe rights ofa cit
izet, shall if dwellin- in theiJ. S. be con
sidered as citizen..-And children who
have beeb., ori may be horn out of the lin
its of the U. S...if any free white citizet
thereof. temporarily abroad lir any pur
pose of business or travel. without renun
ciation of his citizenship or aillegice tn
the U. S shall be deemed to be a nativc
citizen of the U. S.
The 7th section provides that any per
son vho shall by fraud; attempt to procure
his certificate of nattiralization, shall be
punished by a flue not exceeding $1000.
and imaprisoniient not more than six
A resniation was adopted declaring that
the Gregon debate shall ense to morrow
at two o'clock. Thi. was I believe intdu
<:ed by a notice by the editor of the
"National .inotelligenicer" that he should
not publish the speeches.
The consideration of'tlie hill was then
resomued inUommtittee of th- Whole
After speecties from several member-.,
Mr. Adams took the floor. He was to
favor of so sha ping the biliuas to direct the
President, on its passage to notify Great
Britain. thait after the proper notice. the
joint occupation of the. Territory sball
cease.' This was he thotught the proper
course, for said he if we are to have war,
let us have it based on the principles of ev
erlasting right. 'fom rA.Y
Afler some remarksfrmM A.Y
Brown, -theo Commtittee rose and the
Office sei-kers are becotmitng violetnt. To
4.ia ran applied to N'r. Ibow the door.
ho --4for, a place atnd on being denied.
went o~iand senat Mr. D. a written chtal
lenge. lie wvas taken into cuistody but
being drunk was- dismissed with a repri
Mr. Webster made-'asplendid argument
this morning in the Supreme 'Court on thme
constitu tionality of the MassaChusetts Li
ceas Lass. ~AsHIN'GToN, Feb.. 1.
The Senate was not in session to-day.
In the House, after-the disposal of somie
unimnportant miat ters, ihe consideratioo of
the Oregon bill was resumed in Commt
tee of the Whole. .
Mr.- "Winthrop denouniced the whole
discussions as calculated to do tmore harm
than good.- He- wsas in' fav6r of leaving
the wyhole waiter into the hands ot'the
negociators, until such time as the resulh
of their labors should be made knownt
After some remarks Irom Messrs. Ken
nedy, Morse and others, at two o'clock
the debate tirminated.
On motion of Mr. Winthrop the bill was
amended so as to Provide that there shall
I be no-slavery or involuntary servitude, ex
cept for crime, within the territory.
On motion of Mr. Hainmet, by a vote
of 79 to 77 the bill was amdnded. so as to
-lirect the President on the passage of the
bill to 6iottfv Great Britain that after the
expiration of the requirei 12 months, the
joint occupacy of the Territory shall cease,
I do not think this-will be agreed to by the
Nunmeous proposed amendments were
reported after v. hich the Committee rose;
attd with a view of having the amend
mentsof the Committee printed. the House
The bjill will come up as the first busi
bess on Monday.
WVasutic-roY. Feb. 3.
Among the Petitions in the Senita- this
mornting, were several from the north in
favor of the annexation of Canada in the
event of the annexation of Texas.
Mr Potter. in presenting one of this
character, took occasion to remark, that
the annexation bf Cunada would, in a inil
itary point of iew, be of great impor.
tance-to this country.
Mr Fosier strongly objecte:l to the re
ception ofany sttch peiltions. It was dis
Courteous i:n ihe highest degree to Greai
Britain, nod could not but he offensive.
After some remarks in reply fdImn Mr.
Porter, the Petition was laid ott the table.
Some resolutions of enquiry having been
adopted, the remainder of the day was de
voted to the consideration of Mr Mlerricks
Bill to reduce postage Several proposed
ameudtr ents were considered and reject d
after which a motion to adjourn prevailed
There was no report on the Texas reso
lutions. The galleries are crowded daily
by persons anxiously awai-ing the result.
The consideration of the Oregon Bill
was then resumed, the question being on
concurring in the amend inents of the Com
mitte ofthe Whole.
.TI.e qteation was first taken on the fol
"Provided, ahways, T hat in cases whero
liny British snbject, resident or trailing in
said Territory of Oregon, shall be arrested
charged with the commission of any-mis
d'emeattor or felony, tWe same shall be de
livered over to the nearest tribunal of the
British Government having j'risdiction
over the offence. TIis provison not- to
apply after the period of twelve months
ticle of ti e Convetition now subsisting be
tween the two countries rn relation to said
This was agreed to unanimously.
Thte followintg amendment was also
agreed to by a vote of 131 to 69:
Provided however, That there shall neti
ther he slavery nor involuntary servitude
in said Territory, otherwise than in the
pititshment of crimes, whereof the party
shall have been duly convicted.
The following additional section to tle
hill was agreed to by a vote of 11 to 82.
See 43. And te it further ettacted, That
the President of the Utnited States be. and
le is hereby, required to cause due notice
to be given to the British Government of
tihe U nited States to annul and abrogate
ite "cor.vention with Great Britain rela
live to territory on the tnrthwest coast of
America, roncluded August sixth. eighteen
hundred and twenty-seven," agreeably to
i he provissions of the second article of that
co.nvention, Provied, That nothing in
this amt contained shall be so constructed
or carried iinto effect by any of the officers
or citizens ofthe United States, as to in
terfere in any way with atny right which
any of tie subjects of Great Britain may
have in the territory herein inentioted, as
provided for in thte cotnventiotn aforesaid,
until the expiration of twelve mnonthls atfter
notice shall be givetn, as above provided..
by the President of the United Stactes.
. The following amtjdidmeirts were agreed .
to by acclamation:
"And whereas, by a conventint entered
into between his Britannic Majesty and
the Utti'ed States of America, it wa tp
lated antd agreed that any country on the
Northwest coast of Amterica, to the west
ward of ithe Stony Montains, should be
free atid open to die citizens anid subijects
of the two powvers, it beinig competent,
however, to either of the contracting ptow
ers, tn case either shtould think fit at any
tm after the 20tht of October. 182S. on
giving due notice ofiwelve months to the
other contiacting party, io~anoul and oh
rogate thts conivention .
''Be it therefore enacted. That nothing
itt this act shall lie s't construed as to close
or obstruct any of the harbors, hays atnd
creeks, or the navtgation of rivers withtin
tlte territorial limits of~ the Territory hereby
orgattized, o'r tub part of the etiuntry thtat
may be claimed by either party on the
Northwest coast of America, betwueen the
42d degree and 54th degrees 40t-minutes of
north latiturle, againist the vessels, citizens
anid subjects of Great Britain, qgreeahly
to the provisions of- the 3rd a--tiede of, the
conivention of 20t h October, 1818, bet ween
the United States and Great Britaini..until
the termninatiotn of the said stipulation of
The bill thtus amended was read a. third
time atnd passed, yeas J40, nays 59:.
The House then adjourned.
Itn thte Senate this morning, a resolution
was adopte-d, calling ott the Secretary of
War for a record of the magnetic experi
metnts made at the Girard .College.~
Mr. Bares reported a bill, restricting the
grant of pensions to widowvs. so that they
shall not receive persions for the sanmotime
that they weore received by their deceased
Mr. Evans, from the Finance Commil
tee, to whom was rferred the Sub Treat
ury. bill from the House, reported back th
ame, with a recommendation that th
bill. be indefinitely postponed.
-The Oregon bill was received from th
House. read twice and referred to a Selec
On motion of Mr. Dayton, a resolutioi
wasadopted, calling for information as tI
whether Duff Green now holds any offi
cial station at Texas, and if ad, what ari
Mr. Archer, from the Committee ot
Foreian Relations, to whom was referred
the joint resolutions of the Hlouse for the
Annexation of Texas, made a long ad
verse report, accompanied by a resolution
recommending that the joint resolution be
rejected. The report was for the present
laiton the table The debategvill-com
The hill in relation to the enlistment of
boys in the Navy, was pa.sed.
The remainder of the day was devotei
to the consideration of Mr. Merrick's posi
The resofution of the Senate appointing
a joint committee to count the votes fot
the election- of President, was taken up
The House then went into Oommittee
of the Whole, and resumed the considera
do . of the bill to reduce and graduate the
price of public lands
A long uninteresting debate arose. after
which a resolution was adopted to termi
naie the debate at 2 o'clock to-morrow.
Afier the dispo!ition of some unimpor
tant private and local bills, the dHouse ad
Mt. Calhoun is now sufficieutly recov
ered to attend to business.
This evening the President holds his
asi "drawing room.' The ladies are
oing by hundreds.
Last night the weather moderated. and
to-day, we were-visited by a snow storm.
Correspondence of the Courier.
WAsHmINGTo , Feb.2.
The recovery of Mr. Calhoun is now
spoken of as somewhat unexpected, con
idring that tie has reacled his grand
clinatoric. He has certainly been very
dangerously ill. He was sitting this rmorn
ig, and has h
You %%ill, from the proceedings ofthe
Senate to day. see that the Committee on
Foreign Affairs have reported against the
projct for the annexation of Texas. Mr.
Archer made the report. It is very long
and argumentativo, and was, I learn, the
joint wotk of. Mr. Archer and Mr. Berrien.
It was not read, but will appear the day
fter to-morraw in the lntelligencer.
it concludes with he following resolu
1. That the joint resolutions from the
H-1 ise for the annexation of Texas to the
Uion, be rejected.
2d. That the bills, resolutions, petitions,
&e., on the subject. referred to the Com
rite, be laid on the table.
Thus the Committee discharge them
sdlves entirely from the wholo matter
close the door to all further- consideration
f it-and refuse utterly every action bear
ig upon it.
The Committee was unanimous in favor
f the report, excepting Mr. Buchanan.
r. B. said that he was in f'avor of the res
olnuons from the House, and would take
an early ojportunity of vindicating his
A (lay is'to be assigned for the conside
ration of the hill. and it will probably oc
cupy the rest of the session.
Mr. Evans eported the Sob Treasury
bill withm the recommendation that it do ntt
Mr. Dayton offered a resolution whbich
ivas agree-l ?0, calling upon the President
in state whtete Duff Grmeen has any di
lomatic appointment, and if so, upon
The postage bill was again taken up,
and a greater disposition to debate it thatn
to pass it was manifested. It is supposed,
owever, that the Senate will pass somne
ibg or other, thogh not in a form proba
bly that will suit the [House. The friends
of post1 office reform are inmdiffe-rent to the
passage of any but a very thorough bill,
which will please and benefit the public
even if it cost more monmey from the Trea
An important amendment was adoptec
to-day, on motion of Mr. Ashley, of Ar
kansas, by which it is provided that ir
case there he a sufficiency in the receipt!
nf he department it he made up out o
the public treasurv. The sum ap~proprta
ted by thme hill for the aid of the post offict
esta~lishmer,t is $75.000..but this is no
deemed enough4 to meet the deficiency foi
the first year, without curtailing mail Ca
Thtere was another long debate on thn
long discussed and often decided question
w hether members of 'ongress should h ay!
'the privilege of fratnking to its present ex
tent. The proposition w as revived to-day
ad Mr. Allen, of Ohio, made an earnes
Ispeech in its support. -He defended it a
a democratic privilege-a popular benefi
-a means of uniting the representative t
the cotistituent by the .dearest.ties-ni
easy means of diffusing information .thro'
out the country.. .It was. of no profit to th
member, Cot- it consumed his time, and re
quired labor .to answer all his letters, an
frank docume~nts and speeehes to his con
The House was engaged on .the bill fc
the redinction and graduation of the pric
r the public lands,
From tie Charleston Mercury.
In a case urged before the Supreme
Court of the United States on Fridaj lat,
in which. tbe right of Massachusetts to
enact a ce'tain law was in question,.Mr.
Webster, according to the reliorierof the
Baltimore American, 'Iook occasion to
make some allusion to the laws of the
States affectidg the rights and privileges
of personstand expressed the liope that'the
Court wdoald give its view of the question.
Mr. Webster desired an opinion no doubt
upon such laws *as those of South Caroli
na affecting the privileges, of persdns of
another'State iisiling that State. He
spoke of the excitement which prevailed
upon important subjects in ihe cduntry,
and thought it time-high time-that the
Court should give an opinion upon ques
lions or so much interest."
We r6ndt informed as to the ligai
point in otistroversy, and of couise cinndt
know to wijat extent the Court should go;
but it was en appeal by a citizen of Mas
sachuse.is froni a decision of her own
Courts, atfd would seein therefore to afford
but slim ground for approaching the prin
ciples iuvolved in the controversy beiween
Massachdugts and South Carolina. The
opinion of the Supreme Court would of
course have much interest, but it would
have no practical weight. It cannot con
trol the mo,!ements of ihe Abolition party,
and consequently can give no ptetect:on
or -emody-to the Southern States. For
that reason alone, if there were no other,
it cannot and will not he suffered to check
the defensive legislition of the States. But
the Supreme Court catinot touch the real
question involvcd in the law of S. Caro
lina, except by deciding that Free Blacks
are citizeus.of the United States, in the
same sensea W hites. Among thd news-,
paper discuisions of the subjject, since Mr.
Hoar's expedition to these parts and his
greaterexpeilition.out of them, we bave
found a great abundance of every thing
but law and' reason. The following in a
late numbeF-of the New Haven Register,
is a fortunale exception.
SoUT CaoLiNA AND MASSACHUsETT'iS.
'The whigs are pouring ouc oceans of
wrath, because South Carolina will iot
permit M1astachusetts to interfere wini the
matters of internal policy which the for
mer sees fittd adopt; to 'rcetet her citi
-10 , oa ., "outh--Carolina prohibits
the free blacks of Massabhusetis, or any
other State of the Union, from coming in
to tile port df Chari-leston, otl thd ground
that there is goda reason to belieire, ds she
says, that these persons, if permitted to
minglet smong the slaves of that country,
would incite them to another St. Domingo
insurrection. Tb all tihis; Massachusetts
says, no matter whether these apprehen
sions are well or ill-founded. the Constitu
tion of the United States hai given to the
citizens of the several States, all tlie priv
ileges of citizens in any other State wher
ever they may choose to go; and if a black
citizen of Massachusetts choose to go to
South Carolina, there is no power in the
State to prevent him. The Constitution
..of the United States declares that,
"The citi-ens of each State shall be. en-, I
titled to all the privileges and immunities, i
of citizens ir the several States."
True, says South Carolina, but free o
blacks are not citizens within the meaning i
of this claus! of the Constitution ; and on a
this, the couroversy between the two prin- I
cipally hinips. Now before we hastily I
condemn Swth Carolina, for saying that t
negroes are tot "citizens" within the mean- e
ing'of the Constitution, it may be well to 1
see what oir own judges have said on i
this very sulject, long before it was pushed
into politics. Judge Degget of this city,
wats, as is w'ell known, for several years
the Chief Jistice of the Supreme Court of
Connecticu, and in, giving his opinion,
which will se found in the 10th volume of
the Connecient Reports, at pagle 349, he
uses the folbwing language:
"To my aind, it would be a perversion
of terms, aul the well known rules of con
struction, to say that slaves, free blacks,
or Indians, vere citizens withitn the mean
ing of the tem as used in the Constitution.
God forbid hat I should add to the degra
dation of ths race of men :-but I am bound
by my duty to say they are not citizens."
* gNo CJarliniaz has ever gone furthiert
than this. -s
Again, tve naturalization laws of Con
gress. passd in obedienice to 'the reifuire- 1
meats of ne Constitution, have always
carried thrugh the same distinction. They1
provide thi, any alien being a-fr-ee white 1
-person, ma- he admitted - to become a citi
zen of the'Jnited.-States, or any of thein,"
excluding elacks from citizensh'rp-hj n
uralizatios Whether 'this was right or
wrong in or forefathers .who recognized.
these distisetions, is not now the question.
They psaps. felt as Chancellor Kent
who was nany years at the head of the
Courts in he State of Newv York, expres
ties himsel in .the second volume of .his
commenitafes, at page -258-:
"The Aiican -race. (says the Chancel
lor,) are isentially.- a degraged caste, of
inferior raik. and condition-in society.
Marriageabetween them and whites are
forbidden in some-of the- States where
slavrery dos ot exist, and they are pro
h ibited-in lf-the slave, holding States; and
-when notlbsolutely contrary-to law. they
-ra-rrvoltig,.add-regarded as 'an oll'ence
-against pulic decorum."
But eva .if the free .blacks- were citi
-zens- of ue United States; within the
meaning V the-Constitufion, and had- the
r- right to gcto-South Carblina at their plea
a sure, can bey while -there, be on-any bet
I me footinithan the free blacks of Sonib'
Carolinda? Clianeellor Kent in the sam
volume abcde; quoted, at the 70th page
thus gives'his opinion: -
-"The article - of the Constitution of thi
United States declaring that. citizens oe
each Staie i-ere edtided to- all ibe privil
eges.and-lmriiiiies of eitizens in the sev
eral States; aglplies ildy to natuial born o
duly, 'taralized citizens; and if they re
move 66ih one State to another,.they are
entitl to the privilges that persons of the
same ile riplion are, entitled to -il -the
States-to which the reimoval is made;-arn
to no etfer. The laws and usages of one
Staie. cannot- be permitted to :resirbe
jualiScations for citizens to be claimed aad
exercised in other States in contrdvention
of .4eir local policy."
it this is so, Massachusetts ih any view
of the subje6i thust fail in her object.
Now when we see how these matters
have been- coniidered by the most learned
judges atthe north, such as the late Chief
Juitice Daggett, of Connecticur, and the
late Chancellor Kent, of New York-when
nninfluenced by party prejudices, should
we not rather distrust the hot zeal of those
who arie laboring to make the controversy
between these two States, a new'elemeut
in whig politics? It may be uncharitable
to sny it, but I cannot help believing,' that
if South Carolina had been a whig State,
Massachusetts would never have attempt
id to worry her intb this controversy. She
would have been treated as kindly as in the
whig State of Maryland, that hasjust sent
he Rev. Mr. Torrey, of Massachusetts, to
he penitentiary for ten years, for.interfer
ring 'ith her 'local policy"-or the-whig
State of Kentucky, that has recently sent
iss Webster, (of New England) to the.
)enitentiary of that State for 2, similar of
*ence, and had now the Rev..Mr. fair
Maks, also of Nev England, in custody
*or a like interference. If South Carolina
iad done this, ihe Whigs-6f New England
vould have bee' raving by tNis time'but
when such stauncb whig Siates.as Mai-y
and and ftentti*ik moves, that alter the
:ase entirely. .-W.
.WHY WE DESIRET-EX-AS.
We have Gsaid the people of the Siates
ieed Texas as a patrimonial estate, for
heir children and -their children's children.
Iany of our readers we have no doubt
ook around their habitations and say to
here-is room enough to. enter.
ainded by il WR USnt bv r
nterest, or circunscribed by narroW'views,
may we thiuk;.-ptoit by a little attention
:o the progressive increase of our popula
ion, will place this question'in a strong
To. our purpose-Mr. Darby .twell
mownto our readers as 1r Geograpirer,
las composed and publish an essay, show.
ng the probable .increape.of our population
or the next fifty-seven-vears ;:at the end
>f a hich tirfie, - 4i :willi amount to more
hun' e huo'drid tiflifons of people.
Will Mewj ibl ibant Teras.
But this looks at fit-st so extravagait
hat it rejuiies some investigatiou of' racts
D prepare the mind fora reAdify belief.
Jan onr population rise so rapidly to a
umber so vast and astounding ? We of.
er Mr. Darby's argument, and u e believe
By the census of 1790, the population
f the U.. States, was 8,929,827.-1800, it
ras 5,305,925. This is so near an annu
I increase, of three percent., that Mr.
)arby has made it the basis of his calcu
ition up to the year 1901. It is pleasing
) observe the correspondence of ascertain
d facts with this calculation up to 1840.
rhen our last census was- taken. 'The
llowing is extracted from his table :
By the census tables. By annual in
1790 3,929.827 3 per cent
1800 5,305,925 5,281,458
1820 9,338,131 9,535,182
1830 .12,855,407 12,811,-118
1840 -17,063,368 17,217,706
1850 ' 23,128,004:
1860 . 31,095,555
Thus it will be seen, ibat wvith Mr. -D's.
atio of-increase-4 per cent. pei- aonum,
he census-table ahowsba surprisingly exact.
onformity up to 1840. when for the-inst
ifire h'i iaeettion exceeds the cetisus by
small fraction. The rush -of .emigrants
nto this-epuntr~ysiuce ih~n;.ii~s -unques
ionably gi-tn td thie geual .population ihe'
scndency, within the. last three years.
['ime andl monopoly of the lands by the
vealthty, may check the'increase -in somne
legree, but enough' is certain, toprove that
ye shall soon have needof Texas..
We ought not to drop-thiasubject, with
itut adlverting to .the flood of population
xhich has and. is still pouring over .the
appalachain mnouhnains, into -the, -great
rent-ra1 valley of North America. The
'main spine"~ of these mountainas.in,1790,.
vas beyond nine-tenths of the popu'lation
f the United States. Tihey were located
>n the Eanteiroipe, containing altogether,
ibout 300;000 square miles of territory.
l'he-great vdley~of the West, it is true,
was beginning to be settled in. Western
Virginia, Kentucky,.Tennbssee and a .pari
>f New Yoras and Pennsylvania. But the
wam whoop o the savage, and -its fearful
ittendant circumstances, were tlijelot of
mmany who 'ventured .into tinjs unbroken.
wilderness.. Finy. years had rolled by
when thecenusof 1840 was taken. The:
wilderness' had hecome a nurnbir offloor
ishing States, wiha geiln
ion of moro than five iilironsVThed h&
i spread over a cduntry more than threat
times as'large as -the East'eroisopd'oEo'er
I mountaids, to-the A tlantic, -d7their-zet
I tle'ments brjsniied-and civilized; Iie sides
r, by uid, 'ith the bedutiful hil"ntva-is
of Texas. They-havegoon foward.-at*"
rate of nearly thirifynyiles-Per annuor, and
many have not stoppedi-ntrhe line
planted their staindard and celonitzed with,
our blood this fine codntry. Ad Il't-h!r';
with 4. fine'- almost: unoccupied eounrge
organiied. Foa us, nd- h iddpingt u Cone
that Federalism is to bid-w; AStop? esirt
here thi-he umotley Mexicas arirtu-:thfaka
godd iheir threaterdf fxterminalion, a';
thrust iaek our-race"with- terrible recoifIfr/
Who are thiy -id Coqdgess-bardaremakeD,
this quesiion of calcularion for patyfas--.
cenioucy?" - Wetgainrepeat, tba-Teiaz
now itr the: custody -ad dwiibrship of-o'u-'
relations andfriends risat -not-be-ull6wedd'
to ,slip 'through ohr fi.-gert.- - ItIjsizndbleo
patrimony,-and mustere 1ong, deseud'v.I
L From--th New- Orlens T ' 3k r.j
-LATER ftFROM- T'X4S *e.,
The miiuhderst'rnding betweea the Pres
ident and Gen. Greene ha-niha e-enau"
justed.- A report has'-been brought to:
Corpus -Christi;--hat.-Santa'Ajir -had
been captured and shot'nea '
confidence -was placed in -it. Larget
of anthraoite tost are saidto tav6 been.
discovered near-j'i e iouresofibe.Trijnity
The lon ;WmSmtb, Senaiorfroih Bert!
ar, died ofthe iiffluenzasat lWashington on
the 1-3ih uist. 'Seveuteen petssM'esaib d
;o- have 'died' of that sane disease-iti
Washitigion within six;weeks.-The-rast
ports - about Captaia- Elliotr, Abe Britikr
Chaigs'il -Affairei founded sipon arset- e
ment io* th-Philadlpha Ledger-tothe-'
effect, fi ti le had been authorizedry'ig .i
government to propose aad gueranted ithly
tain conditions, is unhesitatingly-deered'A'
by the Houst~an Telegraph -to-be totalbv.inr
correct. -'The Telegraph says .'iPaptain.
Elliott' has- been authorized to make no
[ rom the' N. 0. PiyaeJanay:WJ -
Gen. Hamiltoa -Jdrge Longstreet and%
.CoLIN'Calt were in Washington.:!- '; -
An arrival at Galveston
from Corpus Chrisdi does-noi confirm the
repnrted camure of Santa Anna.
owing to the 'icarei ofspie hybau
been, 6onpellid "to rturn without making
"purchases. The, difficulties. on--he. Me
can frontier prevent the trade'o thatflioiins
Seguin :and' his.band, confine their depre
dations 'entirely to the trading rotu.e be.
tweet) .Bexar and the towns befow teii
Presidio and above Loredo; . 7
The' Griveston 'Aegistersays, that Iie,
children of Mrs Simpson, 'vh6'were-cap-.
tured- at Austin 'by hostile 'Indians, are
now il the possesson of the.Toweash an
Wacoe iribes; in the'Wichetaw niountaird
The Texas papers.-are rejoicing over
escape u Mr. Navorro frbin hai ng cap
tmiIty. ' The veteran has manyfriendsi
The - Caniii&che Itdians were ot salts
fied with he boundary run-by Texasin
The following are the Contents of the .
Southern .Agricuhrurist,;for February:
Address by R, W. Roper, Esq ,dclivered
in Columbia, S. C., before. the Statig
ricultural Society, ,on fheit Annivereary,
November 28, 1844.: Theiactoy system.
a.visit to Lowell; by T..S. K.- Linseed'
Oil. Inisecta injurious-to the Fartier and.,..
Gardnner, by Willis yordcontiued
from page 468 of vol. 1V. Autiquitv.o[ -
Guno as 11 Manure, communicated by'
W mn. Logan. Idc-ressed growth of Cotion.
silk culture, recommended by A.C.-an --
E pp... .Artificial.Maipures& Actunblation.
-of Manu-rrs,'i apractical f'armer.- Ex.
perimnent8 w..th ,tgianures.- Appearaoeo os'
ing Lime-rotation of ro, by .~ W.
Cob filea1, by qp Economist.. ,-roge~r
method of erecting'.the chimniey Tor &;.u
gar, or Steam Mill .City of.-St. Louis .,
Masouui.e 'iacimonth Leadline. Gar -
den, vs. Field leaus. Imyroved ottoG
Gins. 'Gas ight. Amnericat Provuids
in Great Britain. IRot in Potatoes. 'he
teorological Observations in thle city of
Charleston for 1844
Cournterfeit IfalfDollara. Cnuuter feis)
coin is ver'y abundgat-in Philatelphia,aanO
the greatest vigilance-is 'necessatiy in-ordpy
to avoid the deception.. -'We. 'were shown.-~
a half:dollar, says the Ledger. of thle new...
stamp, the ring and appearanice-o(f fich1
were calculated'-to .impose ponghb up
wary.. The greasy 'feelmg -totlietouchr
was the readiest .mode of disbverighe
true character of-thfl iece.. e-e
papera of' othei'eck esa~nd the -ine or,'
speak of couinterfeit. coinTinadihg-terie
belief that the issue eavery large.<-l~
An 1npoqlr..T) 44abang&td ha
nessee papears areetiewidi:Adoi.'dfjci
tion to. the pubho~ i Jtfsuio.'p/,
"Hacodk6Slal* .w jsehbi i)ieate
countiy begging: siptios: te~e
Columbia.:- daselbie deseihei
aratmotreja long fietnme
- resident y~'o6f Y rij%'mm;n