Newspaper Page Text
yejumpA Argus and Wl, Extra, of th 29th.
WETUNiPKA IN Ris.
It becomes our unpleasant duty to an
nounce the destruction of two-thirds of the
business part of our.town by fire.- About
3 o'clock this morning, the store house of
J. S. Oliver was discovered to be on fire,
which being of a very combustible nature,
as well as tbe buildings immediately ad
jacent, the fire spread with great fapidity.
In less than an hour nearly the whole block
between Main and Company streets was
destroyed. The flames rapidly passed to
the west side of Main street, and suddenly
enveloped all the west side in flames, ex
cept the store Ihouse of Messrs. Logan &
The fire simultaneously passed to the
east side of Company street, burning all
South of the brick building occupied by
Messrs. McKleroy and Heard, hicluding
the same, 'and -the Post Office. By very
great exertions the Hotel, at present occu
pied by Mrs..McNeel, was saved. A gen
re breeze blowing to the southeast carried
she fames aesoss the street and constimed
the fine new brick edifice, nearly comple
teJ, and belonging to Mr. A.H agerty, as
well.as the old brick building; thence to
the American Hotel; and thence to the
small brick building, occupied as a law
office by the Messrs. Graham; from the
house last mentioned the flames spread to
a small dwelling- in the rear, occupied by
Mr. Woodruffi and with the destruction of
this building and out houses the fire ceased.
During the destruction of the American
. Hotel, thefise new warehouse of Mr. C.
-Utrommelin. of Montgomery, well stored
with cotton, was in imminent danger, but
the active exertions of Mr. W. H. Thomas,
and out- citizens generally, saved it. Re
garding the bidge in great danger, should
the store house of Mr. Douglass take fire.
-unparallelled exertions were required to
save it; and in. this etrt'Samuel Beman,
Est., G. Hobghtbn,'tud <Henry Stone ren.
1red signal servide.
The follov'ing ;iudividuals are the prin.
cipal sdffere W T tiatchet, A H agerty,
,T Johnn, . 'oes, S Catlin. Charles
Yancey, Dr. Vidieit, ;Mr. Woodruff, B.
. Cleveland, Lyle,'Garnet.& Boswell.
F. Adams, Dale & T-es, .bs. Oliver, J.
Winn, J '& ,W .Ttniblle, Dr. 'Cenper,
. 'errell, Lacey ' Co:, Mrs.Dixon, Win.
- arlow, John Leer;, D) C Neal, Dr.
Crocheron, 3 Heard, W H McElroy & Co,
Wm Price, John Conklin, Jesse Beau, W
H Harvey, B Mtcongaby, J D Palmer,
W W Mason.
. Es' *ated dathage, 200,0009, bledcs
*6O- which was i nbred.
The Argus Office, by great ekertio's,
was saved; but the Whig office, with the
press and most of the pridting materials
were destroyed; and Mr. Charles Yancey,
bthejproprietor of the Wetumpka Whig,
takes this method of informing bib patrouis
that he will start off immediately for a
new press and Materials; itd w-it soen be
ader sway again.
iswilation to t Yesideint Eleet.-We
Amiq WsP faVTd gIth the follAng ii.
vitation extended to him by the citizens of
'Charlestdn to visit this city on his way to
Washidgton, by which it will be seen that
he will be unable-to c6mply with the re
iuest, on account of other engagements.
it is probable he is aow on his way to
COLUMBIA. Tenn. an. 20th.184.5.
To ~the Hon. Jak1 Schiecrte M4yor of
Sir, I have had the honor to recieve
your letter of the 28th tit. transmnittimg to
mue the peamble and fesolution-"adopi
ed Dhaetirmoiusiy by a'large meeting 41 lmy
fellow 1:lrzens of Chbarleston, and also the
resolutions uihe City Council, conveying
to me their cordial congratulationis," upon
4he *esult of the late Presidential election,
anti Taviiing me ro ilit your city on ur#
way to Washington.
it would aflord me sincere pleasure I
assare you, str, tb ab'ce~t the invitations,
and to interc'haftge personal sakitaiiuns
with my felldw'ci-tizens of Clirlestoin, if
I could do so with ay-ednvenience. -1
regret that necessary isgagements wifl
detli mne at home 1mit the first of next
month, at whfbh tid~ie 1 have made my
arrangsnie~nt9 Io'proceed by the usual and
most dh-rtbt -route from .this paht of Teti
nessee to Washingtdtt. ..
In declining tlie 'inirrtation Whj~lh yoiu
have conveyed to me, I beg you to -adure
those whom you represent, that'I-dulyedp
preciate the honor which the? have dlotie
me; and htope at 'sme _futbre jgenod to
have it id thy pdwer to visit your city and
make their peftiodal sequamtance.
I have to rleiet that you w ill ternder rd
the President of the south Gaooina Rail
Rtoad Company, umy thanks, for the ac
tomodation of their road," w bibh thhbj of
for from. Augusta to iiamb'wg and Char
I am, *ith' great respect?
Your obedient servant,
JA M ES K. POLI(.
A enzer~able Paztriarchi gaithered to is
gajjers.--M'r. 5ob Palmer, the most aged
4nd venerabfe6f-our citizens--one or the
?atriarctts of th6 clty ned a worthy of the
Revolution, clo'tt his earthly pilgrimage
-an'oug us, en the:39th' Sanary, -1845, at
the- extremet old -age c'97 years, 5 months
and fourdays. 'thwas bairn at Falmouth,
M1assachusetts, on the 26th Asgust; 17d7f,
and ere he had Tendbedllatily, or short
Iy -iler, migrated to this city, wheie he
~ositea'to reside utlithe daye6l'1isdedth.
EimselfthbWet of a elergyman, Who min
istered'in'tby ?pt~bit''soffiee at E'almontb,
about 40 gears, be 'vas the ancestor di
ddhas giveid two seni and 2 grand sotn.
to -tbe Christian nminittry. A carpenter by
trade, his- intelligencie, skfill and *6rth
placed him high in-the rank or our most
respectable mechanics;- and,-hy honett mn'
dut~ry, he earned a competency,' whiebh
enabled 'him to tear and educate a lar.e
sti g'Vis the long eveaing of his
diys tort.r'onbh labors on earth, -be
he *s-ea~lEd tio his evetlastitng rest in
Hfaren .With niunerous other patriots
in thecivil line, he Went through thie perils,
ad bore his part in the tijals, pvatons
edt safferings'incident to the war of the
-. qminsiin baviimee inos8these, who
on the capitulation oftharleston, were in
carcerated in the Prison-Ship Torbay.
Throughout his lengthened spat 'of exis
ience,'he sustainsd an exemplary charac
ter in all the'ielations of life, being univer
sally knowi and respected for his steady
and consistent piety and spotless integrity.
For the long period of 75 years, preceeding
his'deaih,~ieliad bein an.open and uni
forni- professor of the religion of Christ,
and his walk in life was su.as to qdorn
the doctrine of Ood hig $aviour in all things.
He retained his mental and physical facul
ties in a surprisitlg dtFgree; and. with little
apparent decay, until within a short period
of his death.-Charleston Couriet.
The folrowing act is officially published
in the National Inielligeneer. fh- almost
all the States of the Uion the time for the
choice of eleetbrs-will have to be change4.
AN ACT to establish a uniform timn p'for
holding elections for Electors af Petsl
dent ard Vice President in all the Stdiis
of the Union.
Be it enacted by the Senate and Ilolik
of Representatives of the United Stutes of
America in Congress assembled, That the
Electors of President and'Vice President
shall be appointed in each State on the.
Tuesday next after the first Monday in the
month of November of the year in which
'hey are to be appointed: Provided,-. That
each State may by law provide for. the Ill.
ing of any vacancy or vacancies which
may occur in its college of -Electors when
such college meets to give its electoral
vote: And Provided, also, when any State
shall have held an election for-ie purpose
of choosing Electors, and shall -fail to make
a choice on the day aforesaid, then the
Electors tmay be appointed on a subsequent
day in such manner as the State shall by
JOHN W. JONES,
Speaker of the H. Reprentatives.
WILLIE P. MANGUM-.
Presid't of the Senate pro tem.
Approved January 23, 1845.
From the Natioal Intdligencer.
New York, Jan. 30, 1345.
Considerable sensation has been produ
ced among our engravers by the news of
a discovery. which is not only likely to
affect'their interests, to a great extent, but
which, if generally made known, must lead
to consequences affecting 'he paper cur
rency of the civiized vorld, the impor.
tanee of which it is hardly possible to ex
aggerate. I am indebted to Mr.-Chap
man. the well known artist, for an account
of the invention, nd a specimen of a plan
produced through'its agency.
The discovery consists in a process by
whicli an elaborate line engraving of any
size may be s6 accurately. copied that
there shll be no perceptible diff'erence be
tween the original antt tle-copy bywhich
an engraving on steel or coper may he
produced from an impression of the prit
original gplite. tiwver haviing been -seen by
the copyist--and ;he copidd enigraing be
ing capable of 4rieldnlb frem Aen td -twenty
thousand imtgtesssions. Thd producer wiHl
undeirtake to supply a Bank of England
Snote so -iutycinL M.id*1
able to swear which wtis the originl-A'nd
ihich the cop. - -
from the specirben in my possessio,
onbtained-by tis-procesI, and which is-cop.
ied from a proof engraving of the Saviourr,
frotm the bairin of M. tlanchard, frtm the
painting of Delaroche, I shotild infer that
these claims on the -part of the discoverer
could be fully subitaniiated. The niest
delicate touches are trensferred wlth per
fect fidelity, and this a~fter upwards of four
thousand impressions fronm the duplibated
plate had been taken. The Lon'don piub.
lishier of thte engraving submitted tine iof
these copies, together with a proof of the
original plate, to several artists, painters,
and engravers; and the opinintn at which
they arrived was. that, although 'it was
not difliotult to to distinguish the original
from the copy, they were so thoroughly
alike that any plerson of practiced eye
mnight~suppose the two to be from the same
plate, the one being merely taken with
greater care thtan the- othte; they were
precisely the same, line for-line, atid touch
for touch ; and this ekamplp completely
establishes the principle. They consid
ered the invention the most wonderful and
the most utiaccountable that had been
thede in modero titthes i-n connection with
Mlahy gudssne have been niade as to the
fiioie by whtich this marvelloua process is
effected, but -as yet without result. The
process does not even infer a necessity of
requiring the print delivered as a mojdel,
whieb ts returned unscathed. The inven
ier is an Englishmatd -and on engraver by
profession. He hie taken out no patent,
neither does ho think it expedient to do so,
'iasmuth 'iif he doed, djy unprtnctpled
person may at once adopt it, with little
prohability of the itiventor~ being able to
prove that his process h-as been the niedi
firr-by which the print has been .produe.
A friend of the ia thdr'oT'ihe invetion says
witjustie.- There is noinowing to*hat
eatensive changes in legislation -it rmay
conduce; for, if any printed or foritten doc
ment cani be forged with so miuch ease
and certainryv to defy any detection, the
consequences maylbe retore a'pp'allid'g than
we care'to anticipate,"
The invention embraces the capacity.to
reproduce any form of letter press;4 r anf
quality of print, drawing, or lithograph,
in an unlimited quantity, in an inconceiv
ably space of time. For instance, from
a a-eingle copy of the Intelligencer plates
might be'produced tn t wenty minutes from
which impressions could be worked off
with the ordinary rapidity of the steam
press. The Buest .aend rafest engravings
may he reprinted ddiqftitum; bank notes
may be-reproduced in fae siiie, without
the siigniebt point of difference; and 'last,
theogh Dot feilst, books may be reprinted,.
as front steeretypes, in unlimnited quantity.
Indeed, the varietds thelianical add othei
iterests aflee ed by this rerniarkable dist
covery harve not yet been'half saunerated.
ikNr'Auncieato--A petition'was yeu.
terday presented' (says the National Intel.
ligencer7 in the House -of REgpresentatives
by Mr. Se~erance, from a number of res.
pedtable ditizabis ofhed State of Maine,
prayiog forthe "id ad'nexation of Oh pray,.
i.a fE*Br'ndnwsk't6 th tY:8.'
Intrigues for the Succesion.-Our pri
vate information leads us to believe an
intrigue is oc foot in Washington to sacri
fice the annexation of Texas to the ad
vancement ~of certain men -to the succes
sion. ' It must, however, prove abortive,
and recoil with tremendous effect upon its
authors. It is iin fact an act of hostility
to the new administration, deeply mortify
ing to every friend of Republican princi
ples;. and cannot fail to embarrass it, in
the execution "of the leading measures or
its policy. None can be friends of the
Administration who are not friendly to its
measures. On no subject is the President
elect so deeply committed as the modifi
2atio of the tarif, and annexation ofTex
as- They in fact, carried his election.
and .in the organization of his Cabinet
he must from necessity, take care to select
the most efficient fribnds of this important
policy. That his Cabinet will be a unit
on these important measures, none can
doubti who know T1. iaai.... Th's irriidty
which exiss 'n this poii has no'doubi
led to the iicple .,teps ihtendel to dr
ganiie a coaliion,, for tfe purpose of sac
rificrng the interests er the country in thege
measures, destroying the moral inkuence
of 'n admiinistrai on too firm .to be cop
trolled, and on theii- riins ofelhatingcer
tain men to the imperiar honoa of the
Chief Magistracy. Governir Wright's
failure to say one word, Ji a message of
fourteen columt, bn these subjects, the Jin
consistent and inekplicable course of Sen
ator Benton; and as *e are well-informed
the secret effort which has been partially
successful', of removing the New York
Senators, who are friendly to these mea
sores, -are enough to fill the mind of the
most confiding. with serious apprehension.
We can neither codprehend nor sibmit to
the selfish and intriguing policy of flew
York. Her moral influence is shaltn, and
her principles suspected, rrom t6e fatensi
ty with which she looks to the nie spoils
of - office. Whilst we iudtilge a iope that
our information 'afi be Anbounded, of
one thing, however, the public liay rest
assured. The Administration will faith
fully and firmly carry its policy into exe
cution, and redeem its pledges to the coun
try, in spite of open. roes and deserting
friends. It wiii firmly adhere toit' prin
ples and measures avowed by te Balti
more Convention; and if the anneiation of
Texas prove to be the grave of more of oui
political men, the fault will be their own.
-Warrenton (Va.) Flag.
A Washington Correspondent of the
Richmond Enquirer, writes what follows:
"Last night's mail brought a letter-from
the President elect, to a Representntivo in
Congress, in which it was stated explicit
ly, that no selection of Cabinet officers had
yet been made, nor had Col. Polk coun
seled with any one on the subject. He
further remarked, that in choosing.his con
stitutional advisers, it 'would be his aim to
steer clear of all cliques and cabals--that
it was his firm determination to aIly him
self with no faction, come from what quar
ter it might, butto held himself aloof from
ach and every connection that could pos
sibly end in involving his admisisiration
in the sightest degree with the question of
mnd 1i a subject of congratulation with all
hoeo who. look as flepublicns should,
solely to the suicess.of Mr. Polk's admin.
strtioti. The President Elect will be
riuniptiattly Wusteained, both by Congress
and the peogile in ibis coorse, which is pre
isely the one dreaded by the wvbigs, as
ikely to upset all their hopes of profiting
y disisensiou~ iti ouir -anks;"
ttre of North Carolina seem -determined
hat, so far as they 'dan c'odtrdl thie matter,
isfortune nnd i&Fnie shall 'no 16ng'er have
the same diegree of punishient niet'e'd out
to them.'A bill has j.ust been passed into a
law, "niore effecitially io prevenit the ini
prinnment of hr?.st siebtori.'' provides,
in a few words, that Bo-ealier be Ca Sd
shall be issued aganist a tiebtor, mnless the
Plaintiff makes aflidavit in wriibg. that
the Defendant has not jid'rty.ud sdtisf~
such judgement which can be reibe~d by
a feri facias or has fradulently oncealed
his pi-operty, or is about itg-hve from
the State. Power is alse giiven tea Plain
tiff, to proceed again-st 'bail at otre, with
out having previously 'issued a Ca. Sd.
against the Defeodent.
The cases will be rare indeediereaftifr.
in North Carolina, w~len helplest familes
will be deprived oftheir natural p-otectors,
simply because-thiey 11ae been unforftu
The tendency of this 1aw, we tost, will
be to lessen the system of unlimited credit,
which too gener-ally prevails in otr coun-.
try, and is productiveof deplorabe Cease
The father oifthis-humane law is Mr.
Halsey, of Tjis-ti and Wshingtc.-4Ral
eihi Register. ___
The iony they Legislate in th&Wet.
We learn -from the LouisvilleJournal,
that during a late judicial trial wlich took
place-in Vernon, Kentucky, beroo oec of
the justices of tlie peace, two law'ers em
ployed in the case (one of thee a Buck
Eye) got into a dispute about~ roa idica
fos matter-, when the justleeiseefposed
and threaiened to -Sare theml-if thej did not
-deport themtselvres more decorousl There
-pon the Baclt-Eye .itrn'ed tai tle justice
and told bims -be -had-no-right tdine any
body, that he wais et a eeurt, aul that he
was a meddlesome fellow any he~v und a
i-caito boot! .'Upon this tbe Josiet rose
with ih6 hench on' drhieh- .ii honor
presided in.,h-anlds,.-(fivesfeet inlength,Y
and 'i*itlt a sweepofsity,-he pheed the
further end against the side-of lb young
Buck Eye's head witisuch judiial force
tha' the poor fellow on recoverioi his sen
ses, found himself prostrate, with~miu head
-iealy in the fire.. His cries o imurder
w re alarming. The trial Was'a:an end.
Fateh Accident.-Thbe Albatr (Ga.)
Corier of the 1st inst. says :-"3. Sam
uel Thompson, a highly respetible and
othy young man of Lee, couty, Ga.,
was thrown from his horse on Iionday
evening~ la'st, while returning -hone from
Starville, 'and sojieriously injure' that he
did iuia few iouirs afterwards. lis horse
tuok fright, and becoming un'mangeable,
hrw him against a tree.
THE OREGON BItL.
We gave a few days ago, a brief account
of the Oregon question. so far as relates to
the rival claims of the United States and
Great Britain to that Territory. It may
be proper now to state the provisions of the
bill by which it is proposed to establish the
exclusive jurisdiction of this Government
over the whole region in dispute.
The chief features of the bill were in
deed set forth some time since by our
Washington correspondent, but the prum
inenee which the whole subject is now as
suming may well warrant'a recapitulation
In the first place, then, the whole coun
try of the Oregon lying between the forty
second and firiv fourth degrees. North lat
itude, including the entire .space now sub
ject by treaty with England to the joint oc
cupation of both conntriei is to be embra
ced in the territorial organization proposed
by the bill. A Governor is to be appotnt
ed for five years, and a. Secretary for the
same period ; also a Judge of the Courts;
and a record of the proceedings of these
functionaries is to be transmitted to Wash
isgton every six months.
II is further provided that the Governor
may itark off the territory into districts,
and enforce all necessary regulations to
render the militia of the Territory efficient.
. When there are five thousand inhabi
tante over. twesty one years of: age they
shall have power to form a Territorial
*The President is required by the bill to
erect-stockade forts in the territory to the
number of five from some. point on the
Missouri river, and,op the most practica
ble routQ p.. south pass in the Rocky
Mountains. He is also required to erct
fortifications at or near the mouth of the
Each Isettler in. the colony of eighteen
years ofrage and upwards is to have 640
acrea of land, ifhe will cultivate the same
for fivp: successive years. If a married
man, his wife shall have 160 acresJ;.ana
the fatbkr shall have the.same for eacl.of
his children under eighteen years ofa;;e.
In the House of,Representatives on Sat
iirdai some amendt'nents were made in the
bill, the mosti mportant of which was one
requiring the President of ile U. States to
give notice to Great Britaimof the termine
atio, of the existing treaty, ad providink
that the enactments of the bill hall not
apply to British fsubjecis Wo the ppriod'.of
twelve months after such notice shall have
been given. Another amendment ilows
to the.sphijeets 9f Great Britai,6 free igress
to and from. all bays, harbors, creeks and
tributaries,: between the 42d and -40 40
degrees of latitude. . . .
Such are the r6ain fa'tures of the Gre
gon bill. It. proposes a very summary
mode of deciding the q'uestjon of disputed
possession; it assumes that the wh'ole re
gion in controversy is 'irsband that no
other power has any ground of claim to
any portion of .it -Balt. Am. 4th instant.
It will be seen by tie following, which
we find in the Boston Post, that the sug
gestion we made some time since in rela
tion to that coach, made expressly to-carry
President Clay to Washington, has been
qd d gna that Prrsident Polk will be
is as it should be: and the IItinalRai
road Company have shown their sense in
thus yielding to the force of circumstances
with a good grace:
That Coach.-The conch ordered some
nonths since by the National Railroad
Company, to be built by Messrs. Down
ing -and Abbott, ofConcord New H-amp
shre to take Mr, Clay over the mountains,
on his way from Ashland to the White
House, has arrived itn this city on its pas
sage South and goes by the brig Chat ham
to Baltimore, constgned to Hoiuard Ken
nedy, esq. with directions to have it am
Wheeling in sea'son to take "President
Polk" on his wvay over the mounta'ns!
It is said to be a very creditable specimen
of' Yankee skill, taste, and faithful wvork
manship. It was to have been called the
"Hlarry of the West," but -'the people"
behaved so strangely different last No
vomber 'from what tii railroad comnpany
epeced of them, that they have simply
ofiristned their coach the 'President."
. ssyorlessrs. H ayden, of Haydens
ville, Mass., the celebrated steel-pen man
ufacturers. that they commenced about
the year 1830 tlie business of makiug but
tos liy hafd, employing only two or three
persons besides themiselves. They gradui
ally enlarged theii- ltusiness. and in 1838
they had a cspita-l df -$100:000 and gave
'diployment to 200 persons. In 1539
they added the busin~ss of mab2 factu ring
tel :gens to That of bit ton-tmakinug, and
ao they have 6 capital df $115.'000, and
em~Ibf daily -275 hands. The number of
brttons manufactured at .their establish
ment daily, in 1844; was 1600 gross, atnd
the number of pens per day 100 gross.
The case of these two brothers,affords an
other proof of the ability of industry, en
terprise and. good managemeat to coin
The *entucky Legislature h'as pdsd
a bill providing that any person who shall
be guilty of enticing or assisting to entice
or carry off any slave from the lawful
ownr; and any person who-shall harbor
or conceal anf such runaway or stolen
slave, foi- the piirpnse of his or her con
cealment and escape, on convtction, sball
be confined in the penitentiary oft the State
for a term of not-less than tws tier more
An official Siatei'ent in the Madisnniant
of 2d itnstant, made by Secretary Bibbi,
hws that the receipts into the Treasury
'(theUnited Stames for nherjuarter ending
-th'e 31st of December, were, as nearly as
-can now be 6tated, -frot customs. 84,100,
361*; from pblic lands. 8600.000; miscel
maneous.2 $,000-in all $4,745,360. The
expenditures during the same period were
A Land Slip occurred at Kensington,
N. Y., en .Monday evening, -as we learn
from the Journal of that place. A portion
of the hill adjacent toihe Steep Rocks otn
the H udson river, comprising an aiea of 6
or sevep. acres and about 50 feet id depth
broke off'in three masses at three several
times; and slid down the face of ile hill
to the beachb below, a distance ofahiout 200J
y...A . Upon striking-the level ach mnia
broke into pieces, piling up a chaos of gi
gantic fragments of pure clay, iuterming.
leI with trees.some of them -of large size.
The perpendicular height. of the hill is
150 feet. The action of the water, and
the rapid succession of freezing and thaw.
in at intervals will account for the phe
EDGEFIELD C .H.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14. 1845.
We will cling to the Pillars of the' Temple of
our Liberties. and ifit must fall,zce will Perish
amid the Ruins."
( When we changed the day of pub
lication of our paper, we supposed that it
would be better for a large number of our
Subscribers. It seems, that according to
the present arragement of the Mails, this is
not the case. As our object is the accom
modation of our patrons, and as we have
no preference for any particular day of
publication, we will return in our next
number, to- Wednesday, and issue our pa
per te-ularly on that day.
We have ieceifed from ihme unknown
friend, a Pamphlet eti'itled "Essays on
Domestic Industry, Pr an Inqpiry into the
Expediency of Establishing Cotton Manu
factures in South Carofina, by Wm. brek.
Esq. of Charleston, S.C."ront the 9rssof
Mestrs. Burgess & James.
We will endeavor in our next to. give a
more extended notice of this pamphlet.
The South Carolinian.-We recently
noticed the retirement of Col. A. H. Pen
berton from the Editorial Departmeni of
the.South Carolinian. His successor, A.
G. Summer, Esq., makes his debut in the
last tiimber. before the Patrons ot the pa
pet. The Inatigural is well written, and
affoid's Julicient proof, that the Editor
writes currente calamo,though he may never
before; have " clipped the Editorial quill.
and stains for the first time,the virgin pago,
in the discharge.of the duties of his voca
tion." The principals of the Editor.are
of the straightest Democratic School, and
hisJournal %,ill be conducted accordingly.
Pa-ficulir attention n'ill be directed to the
Agricultural Depirtmentof tic? paper.
"Strict. bu candid criticisms will occasion
.ally aypear 6n literary works of all kinds.
orte fler will
choice essays on topics of general inter est"
It will also contain regular "Sketches? of
Foreign Travels.' written Ey a gentleman
of this State, now in Paris, and who de
signs travelling in E urope, for several years
to come; whilst occasional extracts from
notes of travel written during an extensive
tour in this, country anid in Canada,. will
be given likewise.
The number before us, is neat in its
typographical appearance, and contains
a pleasing variety of articles of a political.
literary and miscellaneous character. We
welcome our brother into the ranks of the
corps editorial, and hail him as a useful
ally in the noble cause of State Rights. to
which he has consecrated his talents and
his ynuthful energies.
South Carolina College.-We have seen
a Catalogue of the Trustees, Faculty and
Students of the South Carolina College for
the present year. Lesides the Faculhy
comnposed of several Professors, there is a
Teacher of Classical Literature-B,. WV.
Denton. A. B3.
The whole number of Students amounts
to 122. In the Senior Class, there are 3,5.
In the Junior Class; 29. In the Sopho
more Class, 46. In the Freshman Class, 2.
From Edgefield District, there are two
members of the Senior Class. In the
Junior Class, 3, atnd the Freshman Class,
The Board of Trustees consists of his
.Excellency Gov. W~m. Aiken, President
of the Board, Lt. Gov..J. F. Ervin, Hon.
Atngus Patterson, President of the Senate,
Hon. 'Win.'F. Colcock, Speaker of tho H.
of .Representatives, Chancellors D. John.
son, Win. H erper. Job Johnston, Benj. F.
Dunkin, Junilges, -JohaneS. Richardson, Jno.
B. O'Neall, Josiah J. Evans, A. Pickens
:Butler, David -L. Wardla w, E. R. Frost,
Messrs. James Gregg, Wadle Hampton,
'Sen., Geo. McDuffie. C. G. Memminger,
T1. J. Withers. Jos. N. Whitner. Win. F.
Desaussure, R. WV. Bar-nwell, T. N. Daw
kins, Thos. Smith, James Gillespie, R. F.
W. Allston. W. B. Seabrook, E. Belliti
ger. Jr., D. E, Huger, Wmn. McWillie, J.
L. Manning, Jas. A. Adams, William C.
IPreston, R. Henry, Jamnes . Blandipg,
Pro fessor.-'ev. Robert Henry, S. T.
P.. Presidenit and Prof. of Metaphysics,
Moral and Political Philosophy.
Thomas S.. Twiss. lProfessor of Mathe
matics, Mechanical Philosophy, and As
tronomy-and Secretary of the Faculty'.
William H. Ellet, M. D., Professor of
Chemistry, Muineralogy and Geology.
Francis Liebier, Professor of flistory anti
Rev. Win. Hooper, Professor of Ureekl
mad Roman Literature.
Rev. yames H. Thormvell, Profess'or of
Sacred Literature and the Evidences oF
Maximilian Laborde, M. D., Professor,
af Logic, Rhetoric and Belles Lettreas.
Ocers.-Thos. E. Peck, A. M Teras.
3rer. Herry C. Davis,-A. B., Librarian.
William Baskin, Bursar; and C. Loous,
In the account of the election of Town
Council of Newberry, the name.of .Dr.
Fohn Long, who was elected a Warden,
Church of England.-It is known to
many of our readers, that considerable
lifficulties have arisen in the Episcopal
Church, in England and ihis country, on
accounto certain doctrines put forth-by
Dr. Pusey and his followers. Thesodoc
trines are snpposed by their opponents to
bear too close a resemblanceto those ofihe
Roman Catholic Chuch, and two parties
have consequently sprung up. . it would
teem from the subjoined, that efrorts will
be made by high Dignitaries of the Church,
o heal all diferences of opinion among'the
adherents of opposite parties.
"The Archbishop of Canterbury has de
termined to summon a meeting of bishops,
o consider the present state of schism in
he Chuch of England. in consequence of
Puseyite doctrinqs, and to adopt measures
of mutual conciliatio-n."-Baptist Adv.
Tobacco in Georgia.-It would seem.
Fromr .a Savanauh paper, that the culture
of Tobacco, in Georgia, is destined to be
oome very' extensive, and that in a few
yeart It wilt become one of the most im
portant products of the farm. The inqui
ries for seed and information as to the-best
mode ofraising the fitop are multiplying.
We have no doub. 'hat Spanish To
bacco, planted to a certain extent in that
State, and in others having a similar soil
and climate, would yield a handsome profit.
Teniperance in Massaekiisufs.-It iS
stated, that theieM ide ai the present time
one hundred and twchiy towns in Massa
ehusetts destitute of a grog shop.
Colonizaiin Society.-The Report of the
Colonization -Society- presented at its last
meeting in Washington city, states that the*
Society is in a more flourishing conditiod,
than it was during the previous year. Its
finances have increased. The expendf
tures of of the Society, for the past year;
amounted to $34,00. The receipts a
mount to- 832,000. Four shipments of
emigrants were made durieg the past year;
Oregon.-We see it stated-that the emi-.
gnnized themselves into a body politic.
They are governed by a Legislative Co mi
mittee, consisting of nine persois, and ai
Executive Cotmmittee of three. The laws
are generally the same, as' those of Iowa.
A town has sprung up in this distant region,
and a printing prsess has been ordered from
one of the Northern cities.
"Westward the Star of empire wends its way."'
Fellows grown gray ininiyuity.-A Phi
ladelphia says, that there are in the Penn
sylvania Legislalture,lwenty twcobachelors,
the greater portion of whom are grey
headed. The editor goes on to say, tho'
more shame for them, while hair dyes are
to be had. They should assume a virtue,
if they have it not, and endeavor to seem
young at any rate..
Pennsylvania.-Both Houses of the Le
ges-lature have ytnaaimously passed a bill
to pay the interest of the State debt, fall
ing du e February 1st. The amount ofT
interest due is about $850,000.
Annexation of Texas.-The Committee
on ForeignRelations in the Senate, to
whom w~as referred the Joint Resolutions
of the House, for the annexation of Texas,
have reported through their Chairman, Mr.
Arche4 against Annexation. Mr. Blu
ehaan alone dissenting. Whether tha. -
Senate will agree to this Report, is very
Special Protection.--We subjoin an
article on this subject, copied from the~
London Economist. The reasoning of the
writer is good and very clearly shows tho
absurdity of tho doctrine of Protection.;
He proves, that special or particular pro
teetion to certain articles of manufacture.
in Great Britain is at "the expense of all
other interests."- If this be true, with re
gard to the mzatiufacsures of that- country,
how much more so, is it frith regard to
those of ours ? --
SEctA. PaoTECTioN. - .
We have often contended that proteetio
catn only be either unjust or uselii-un
just if applied to -paticular -classes-use
less if it equally applied to all ; and we are
glad to find that the Times hias at Fength
adopted this oh'viouis paiotiple, when it
says, in contitnutin of the above-extradt :
"Special protection is absolutely incom
patible with equal and general proteclion.
No class can be protected. except at-the
expense of all others. Give equal, prtee
ion to aH, and you give special protection
Special protbclion tan only he at "the
xense of all otheira" egn~al' protection
w tll give "special protection& to ntoue:" if'
special, therefore, it is unjust--if equal,
it is useless and absurd. - -
But were it ever -so useful or desirable
to give equal protection to all--to elevarta.