Newspaper Page Text
(Froe the N. 0. Picsyune, of 6th intanti
LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM
SjAzTA Anxra CAPTURED!
The schooner Water Witch arrived last
eight from Vera Cruz, which place bhe
left on the 26th oit.
Col. Win. Boardman came passenger
in her, with despatches from M1r. Shannon
to the U. S. Government. -
By this arrival we are in possession of
the fact of Santa Anna's capture. Since
our last advices, he had made several at
tempts upon the. city of Puebla ; attacking
it at the jheed of four thousand troops, one
.half of which wete cavalry. In these en.
deavms he was repulsed with considerable
Soon afterwards he left the arity, about
four leagues below Puebla, with an'escort
of several hundred men an: proceeded to
wards Jalapa. Before arriving at that city
he parted with his escort, and attempted
to make his escape to the mountains on
fiot, and in the disguise of a friar.
On the 15th of January he w3s discov
ered in a baranca (ravine) near a little In
dian village called Jito, some. leagues from
Jalapa, by a couple of Indians, who were
hunting. The dogs belonging to the Indi
ans became restive and furious, the Iadians
followed the direction ofaheir barking and
found the Dictator, who offered themn his
-vatch nad such money as he had about
him if they would guide him to his haci
enda. This they refused to do, but gave
the alarm and be was tnken prisoner.
When he was captured lie had -taken oil'
his cork leg.on account of the inflam mnation
produced by walking upon it, and was
carried by his servants.
On the 20th of January he was put in
the prison at Perote, where lie now is.
Col. Boardman met Parades on the road
between Mexico and Puebla, marching at
the head of the Government forces, to give.
Santa Anna battle; but the fortunes of the
Despot became so desperate that he de
serted the army and was captbrcd before
Parades came up to him.
From the N. 0. Picayune, 7th instant.
The intelligence which we laid before
our readers yesterday, of the overthrow of
Santa Anna, of his capture and confine
ment, puts a period to the stirring interest
of news from Mexico. . -The revolution
having been completely established, it
oaly remains for us to gather such items
of news connected with recent events. as
were unavoidably overlooked yesterday,
in consequence of the late hour at which
we received our letters and papers.
The .capture of the ex-President was
effected by a detachment of the volun
teers of Jico, under command of D. Ama
do Rodrinez, on the evening of the 15th of
January. According to the official report,
he surrendered himself wvith alacrity and
yet with dignity. lie demanded to be es
corted to his hacienda at Encero. there to
await passports which he alleged ie ex
pected. to enable him to leave the country.
Our files from Mexico and Vera Cruz say
nothing of the manner of his capture, save
what we bave just stated; the account we
gave yesterday that he was discovered by
Indians through the sagacity of their dogs,
was on verbal authority ; wo find no men
tien of it in the papers-the omission is
not, howvever, proof of its inaccuracy.
Immediately upon his capture he address
ed a letter to Gen. Rincon, through Gen.
Guzman, requesting that his person might
be respected and himself spared fronm the
insults of his enemies. His demands were
comnplied with, and under an escort of five
hundred men lie entered Jalapa in the
evening, that hour being selected to avoid
any demonstration of popular feeling which
his presence might have provoked, Hie
wvas subsequently tranisferred to Perore,
and the orders were positive that he should
be strictly guarded, but at the same time
treated with the consideration due to a
distinguished soldier in tnisfortune, and al
lowed every indulgence compatible with
his personal safety.
On the 1'yth of January, the two Chtam
bers of Congress were atssembled in their
capacity of " Grand Jurors," atnd the cap
ture of Santa Anna announced to them by
Senor Cuevas, the Minister of Foreign
Affairs, in an address marked by greamt
temperance and dignity. 'The reply. of
Senor Rosa, who presided over the Cham
hers, was in the same spirit- There is
nothing said of vengeance by either of
them ; they recommend that the passions
wrhich were naturally excited by the resis
tance of a general at the head ohf numerotus
forces, should be allowed to subside now
that the same general is a prisoner at their
mnercy. The editors, too, of the capital
write in. the same strain ; they maniifest no
cageruess for thne condemnation ofthe pris
oner, and de,precate any baste in his trial.
or -any. violence unwvorthy the justlee atid
magnanimity of the Mexican nation. The
papers of Vera Cruz show a disposition
widely diflferent from this, and call vio
lently for the blood of the tyrant. The
latest dates from the capital alo not indicate
distinctly whether he has yet been ordered
thither to take his trial. We might fur
tish further details of the gallant resistance
made by Gen. Inclan to the repeated as
eaults of Santa Anna-upon Puiebla, but nowv
that the issue is known they would be de
void of interest.
Santa Annn, prior to his capture, had
renounced the Presidency and thrown up
his command of thme army, which he de
volved upon Senor Sierray Rosso. Gen.
B~ravo had received the orders of the Presi
dent to remove from their commands a
number of the officers who hod adhered to
Santa Anna, and to fil their places. These
were to undergo trials. -The soldiers com
posing his army were daily arriving at the
capital in small parties.
Gen. Alvarez left Mexico on the 20th of
january for the Southern Departments,
fully enmpowered by the Government to
take measures for their entire adperma-.
General Valencia, having vacated his
coimmnd of the troops of the capital, has
been ordered by Gen. Herrera, from the
three names presented to him by the Coun
cil of Government, as the-President of the
Now that the contest with Santa Anna
.. over, the Government is turning its at
tention to the incursions of the Indians in
the Northern Departakents.. Nothing can
be more Aeplorabie, adcording to the repre
sentatione before us, than the state of things
in Durango and the Northern part of the
Department of Zacatecas. Durango has
absolutely been overrun by the savages.
Bodies of several hundreds have encamp
ed at one time and for several days in this
Department, robbing, murdering and car
rying into captivity the women and chil-.
dren with perfect impounity. Senor Cue
vas, on the 15th ut., addressed the Gover
nors of this Department, and of Chihua
hua, Zacatecas, Coahuila, and New-Mex
ico, that a large body of troops, amply sup
plied with the munitions of war, should
narch promptly to their defence, and put
an end to the outrages from which they
have suffered so much.
The trial of ex-Presidcnt Canalizo and
Basedre, ex-Secretary of War, are brought
to a stand, apparently from the want of
public prosecutors. The organization of
the Court for the trial of such cases i said
to be altogether faulty, and the editors call
the earnest attention of the Government
aid people to a radical reformation in this
A force of three hundred men arrived at
Vera Cruz, on the 15th tilt., front Cam
peachy, to astist in resisting the escape
of Santa Anna. Their aid was not need
ed. as it turned out.
The Minister of War, Garcia Conde,
hsd entered with great energy upon a re
forti in the administration of his depart
ment. Abuses the most enormous, es pe
cially in- its fiscal arrangements, are said to
have existed. The press is loud in its
commendation of his prompt and vigorous
Evidence has been taken in regard to
the mint of Guanajato. It appears to have
been perpetrated by Sr. Sierra y Rosso,
by direction of Santa Anna, the assertion
of the latter to the contrary, notwithstand
Resolutions have already been enter
tained in Congress for conferring honors
upon Gen. [gnacio inclan, for his very
gallant defence of the city of Puebla. The
general's address to his troops, after the
forces of Santa Anna had given in their
adherence to the Government, is full of
generous tribute to the gallantry of his as
sociates in comman-1. and the devotion of
citizens and soldiers to the cause of their
Ollicial notice was given on the 14th to
all foreign residents in the country, that
they must during the month renew their
-letters of security " or passports, under
pain of fine or imprisonmont ; and the au
thorities eeie charged in see the laws of
November, 1842 and '43, in this regard.
Gen. Cortazar hasvoluntarily reltnquish
ed the command of the Department of
Guanajuata, conferred upon him by the
Government. lie pleads his infirmities
and the desire to attend to his private af
fairs, but declares his readiness at all times
to take up arms for his country, when her
idependcnce shall be nenaced against
any foreign nation.
Gen. llerrcra has exercised his power to
grant pardon in favor of several officers
and soldiers condemned to death by for
mer councils of war.
Our files of Mexican piapers are so vo
itffuinious. tifal we hte excieded ihiim
its which we had asssgned for ourselves,
without at all exhausting them. Another
day we may recur to some topics which
appear to us to be of ititerest in the United
From the .V. 0. Pieagunc, Oths instant.
LATER FROM MEXICO.
By the arrival at Ihavana, ott Wednes
day last, of the British steam ship Tay,
Capt. Sharp, da:es to the 31st nuh. fromr
Vera Cruz have been received.
Santa Annta still remnainecd a prisoner at
the Castle of Perote- the same cold, dreary
anid dismal place in which he so long held
the unfortunate Texans in captivity. It
is stated that thre Grand Jury appointed
to try the fallen tyrant, wps furious against
him, while the present Executive of Mex
ico mtantifes-.ed a feeling of-clemency and
at the same time of regret that lhe did not
escape out of the country and thtus save
the Government further trouble. A leuter
dated Vera Cruz, January 3tst, expr-esses
the belief that the life of the tyrant would
not be raken. Hiis young wife was in
prison with him, as was also an old frieud
of hris, Senor Lazauo Villamnil.
Among the piassenlgers by the Tay was
Senor Antontio H aTo. Santa Atmna's former
Minister of Finance, who has made out to
reach the coast in safety from Mexico.
Oe of thre editor-sof this'paper, who came
passenger itt te Alabamra, was informned
at i'avantra that Senor 11. had escaped
through the assistance of the English Con
sl at Vera Cruz, and that he- came board
of the Tay trnder an essumned tname. Re
joiti wasstill atlarge and is whrereabouts
Every thing was said to be quiet itn
Mexio, it was reported that the Republic
was to be dividled into three military de
partrents, Arisla to have command of the
Northern, Paredes of the Centre, and
some other General of the Southern see
Tire Greenville Mount aineer of the 14th
inst says, "In our last we gave an account
of a snow storm and very cold weather;
nearly the whole of the presenit week it
has been uncomfortably wvarm, so much so.
that fires htave nor been retinired for several
days past. The atmosphere is smoky and
dr,and seems more like the month of
My than the middle of February.".
Mad Dogs.-Considerable uneasiness is
manifested in some of the citizens of this
and the adjoining'Dlistricts, on account of
Hydrophobia, as exhibited in Dogs, Hlogs,
and Cows. None have as yet appeared in
this part of the District, but we understand,
from good authority, that South of this, on
the edge of Union and Spartanburg Dis
tricts, there have gone mad from the bite
of mad dogs. several valuable cows and
hogs. It does seem to us, that a strict dog
law should be- enforced itt every town and
village, until every contemptible cur that
is suffered to run at large should be shot.
It will be well for all to be on their guard.
Never borow your neighbor's paper. Take
nne yonrself, ad be sure to pav for it.
[Correspondence af the Charleston EatrioL.1
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8.
In the Senate to day, the bill tb regulate
the rates of postage was again taken up.
and after discussion, read a third time and
passed by a vote of yeas 37 nays 12. Its
passage in the other house is very doubt
fll. During the discussion Mr. McDfiie
made a strong speech in opposition to the
'vhole bill. He contended that the duty on
cotton bagging was far more burdensome
than the present rates of postage.
By a communication received from the
State Department, it appears that Duff
Green is merely a Consul of thp U. States
at Texas. and that he holds no diplomatic
station whatever under this Govertiment.
The Oregon bill from the House, having
been reported from the Senate Committee
without amendment, will be taken up next
in order to deba:e the Texas resolutions.
No doubt is entertained of its passage.
In the House, the whole day was taken
up in the consideration of private bills. I
believe this is the first day of the session
that has been devoted exclusively to them.
Correspondeuce of4he Chirleston Mercury.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10.
It is now ascertained that three Whig
Senators will vote for the Texas Resolu
tion sent from the House. Foster ofTenn.
Merrick of Maryland, and Htnderson of
Mississippi. It is also expeotedthat if ne
cessary, Johnson of Louisianai will also
vote for i hem. Here then, if allite Demo
crats vote fbr them, their passag-is certain.
With all Democrats, being twai.y-four in
number, three Whigs will pasihem, 27
being a majority. The questgn then re
mains with the Democratic Senators.
Their vote passes it. Will th'all vote
for it? I think they will. Be on-& Co.,
will dodge as long as possible, but when
fairly cornered, they will have to vote for
it, all blustering to the contrary notwirb
standing Such is my opinion, but many
still doubt the result, because they have the
most boundless confidence in the inveteracy
of Benton's private hostilities. They cal
culate that he will never suffer the measure
to pass, so long as, or in such shape Ihat its
success would redound to the honor of those
he is fond of thwarting; that it must be his
thunder or no.thunder. I trui they may
be wrong. The question it.is aid comes
up in the Senate tomorrow.
Corrcspondencc of die Charlesto Courier.
A new proposition for the admission of
Texas into the Union is to he, offered to
morrow, from the whig side of the Senate.
t is said that a bill will be intioduced. or
offered as a substitute to Mr. Beodton's for
the adjustment of boundaries with Mexico.
he payment to Mexico of a fair compen
satIon for the territory ceded tous. &c.
It seems certain, indeed, thahsomec mea
sure looking to annexation will pass the
Senate. Mr. Benton's bill, and, indeed,
any bill short of the measure which- the
House passed, will'probably be disappro
vd of by the South Carolina Delegases.
The Senate to-day took up the bill for
tho payment of the claims of American
citizens on France for spoliations, prior to
1800, and after a very oto-tua' iqo
*iur-o1 1 on3a1Wfs passeWto a
third reading-yeas 26, nays 15.
The probability of the passage of the
bill is the subject of much interesting spec.
ulatioti. Alany of the claimants have
made up their minds that if the bill does
not pass this year. it never will. A fter the
lapso of nearly haif a century, the patience
and hopes of the surviving claimants are
Mr. Huger presented a memorial from
the Charleston Rail Road Corupany, ask
ing Congress to encourage the importation
f machinery for-propelling rail road cars
by air pressure.
This was the day assigned in the 1House
for considering the territorial bills.
The most itmportant bill was that for the
admissiun of Iowa and Floria into the
Florida comes itn as one Stateat present,
but it is ultimately to constitute two.
It is now asertained that Mr. Benton's
bill will be acceptable to at least a portion
f the ultra friends of anntexatiot, provided
it be so ameaded as to fix the line of the
Missouricompromise as to the ine beyotd
which slavery may not exist. They deem
it ecessary that this mat ter sinuld'bje uu -
erstood and settled, in order tc avoid any
futre difficulty with Congressuon the sub
There is nothing in the partllel of lari
tde 36" 40 that is desirable KI any body
-nothing but some indifferent prairie land,
a~ very little of that, so the cancession is
:ecidedly on the part of the anti-slavery
The Te'xas debate was to have taken
place in the Senate to-day, butit was post
poned till Thursday, wheh Mr. Morehmead
is to open the discussion in a speecb in
supprt of the re port -from the Committee
on F'oreign A ffairs.
The bill providing for the-'payment of
ihe claims of American citizens on account
of French spoliations prior to 1800, was
taken up, andJ was about to -lbe passed,
when Mr. McDutle asked forfurther time
to consider the subject. A hill involving
so large an appropriation, and which rela
ted to transactious which ,.took place forty
years ago, ought not to be suffered to pass
without some mature deliberation. 1'he
subject w as aiccordingly postponed.
The House was chiefly enigaged in the
consideration of the bill for the admission
of owa and florida into the Union. There
was much opposition to the extensive ter
ritory of Iowa, and it was Ainally some
n hat limited. Objections were made o
the provision for the ultimate creation of
East Florida into a State. These objee
tions come from the West. The Atlantic
States will find it to be their policy to bring
in as many States on the seaboard of the
Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico as possible.
in order to countenance as far as possible
the ultimate and inevitable preponderance
f the States in the great valley of the
Mississippi. The bill was not finally dis
The Secretary of the S'tate of Ohio, in
the absence of full retarns, estimates that
thera are in that State about 13,000 teach
Iers, and 460,000 scholars; connected with
... moetan 1 3000 commors schools.
WED5ESDAY, FBRUAnY 19, 1845.
"Ve will cling to the Pillar s of the Temple of
our Liberties, ind tfit must falt,we will Perish
amid the Ruins."
The Weather.-The weather has been
fickle enough for the last ten days. After
experiencing the severest cold for about a
week, we enjoyed the balmy temperature
of Spring for two or three days. The air
then became cool and rain succeeded.
Printers Blunders.-The intelligent
reader has doubtless discovered-in many of
our editorial notices, communications, ad
vertisements and selected matter, very ri
diculous blunders. We have seen our
selves, after our paper was published,
many such. When it is too late, we dis.
cover many words spelled wrong and
bad grammar, nonsense, obscurity, mis
placed letters, et cetera. All these errors
and sins, we unhesitatingly lay to the Devil.
"He is the author of all our sins of omis
sion and commission." This mischievous
spirit spoils all our articles, and the com
munications of our correspondents. No
matter how careful and vigilant we may be,
he teill make us do wrong, and tqill mar
all our worki. He is the great plague or a
printing office. He is not only an enemy
to the editor and publisher, but also to the
compositors. He often knocks all their
work into pie. Nothing delights him so
much as this. Frotm the mighty enemy of
printers and others, let us all pray most
earnestly to be delivered.
Mr. Gregg's Essays on Domestic Indus
try.-In our last number, we acknowledged
the reception of a pamphlet entitled "Es
says on Domestic Industry: or an inquiry
into the expediency of establishing Cotton
Manufactures in South Carolina." The
design of the author in writing these essays,
will be best made known to our readers,
by referring them to the preface of his
pamphlet, which will be found in another
column. M1r. Gregg is well known to this
community. as a gentleman of intelligence,
high respectability and eminent capability
for business pursuits. Mr. Gregg is not an
advocate of the present Tariff, and does
the prosperity of Cotton manufactures.
He advocates with considerable force the
propriety of a change in our industrial pwr
suits. He recommends a much greater
diversity of labor, than nowv exists. Hie is
of opinion, tbat a considernblo number
of establishments for the manufacture of
coarse cotton goods could be supported in
our State. He shows the cause why tman
ufact uring establishments, have heretofore
failed in South Carolina, and abo shows
-in what manner, failur'es could be avoided.
His pamphlet abounds in interesling facts.
and contains some of a startli-ng nature.
He thinks, that if Cotton manufactures are
established in our State, and a greater
diversity in o-ur industrial pursuits shouldl
take place, the wealth and prosperity of
our cirizetns would be considerably aug
mented, and that the comforts and eveni
thte luxuries of life wotuld be mtuch more
equally distributed umid the great body of
our people. Whatever mnay be thought
of Mr. Gregg's views. with regard to the
expediency of setting on foot a numtber of
msanufacturing establishments, it must tie
adtraitted that a diversity in our industrial
purstts to a certain extent, would be ben
ficial. Whether t-here is an over produc
tion of Coton or~ not, is immaterial. We
are not disctissing that question. It is evi
dent, that in tooth Carolina, a sufliciency
of the comforts and even the necessartes of
life is not produc~d. WVe do -not raise a
sufficiency of corn and grain generally.
We are too much dtoendent on the Wes
tern States, for horses'o pleotgh our fields
togs to 'feed ouir ntegroe-, and hagging in
which to pack our cotton. We are tribu
tary to the North for. thte eKerseys wi'h
which we clothe our servanb, and for a
thousand other things which inter into
daily use. This shu I not beo we
should be much more independ.M thanti
we are. A diversity in the empimen1~t I
of our laboring men to a certain exa, C
wvould certainly be desirable and advante.
geous to the whole cotmmunlty. There
are certain sections of our State, wyhere
cotton is now raised, to which it is not
well adapted on actcount of~ the soil and
climate.. Many of the Dist-icts beyond
the Saluda river, are not wel'suited to theo
productton of cottoni. In tlese, grains of
various kinds could be raisid mucht more
advantageously. Whethe it would be
advisable to establish nvmerous cotton
manufactories itn these IDstricts or not, is
uncertain. But wve feel hs-ured, that the
owners of farms in thoseregions would bie
best repaid for their labr in the produc
tion of grain and the raring of stock. We
have thrown out these iews, Imperfect and
hasty though they any bo,Jn order to1
draw the attention of our thinking read
ers to the matter.- The subject is one of
great importance, and me'rits the serious
consideration of all.
In conclusion. we commend the pamph
let of Mr. Gregg to the careful petusal of
our citizens, and we can confidently say
that they will-be well repaid.
We dre indebted to the Hon. A. Burt, for
various public documents.
Fiie and Snow Storm at New York.
On tie 5th of February, there was a tre
mendous snow storm in New York city.
The streets were rendered almost impas
sable, and the mails were all obstructed.
The sfiow on a level was nearly two feet
deep. Whilst the storm was raging, a
fire broke out in the buildings of the Tri
bunte newspaper office.. and they were de
stroyed. Messrs. Greely and McElrath,
proprietors of the paper, sustained a con
Gales at the North.-Heavy gales have
been experienced recently at the North,
and very serious damage has been done to
tite shipping. Winter which has been
very late in its approach, seem to have
set in with great rigor in the Northern.
From the .Temperance Adcocate.
We truly rejoice to perceive from a no
tice co-tained ir the last "Edgefield Ad
vertiser." and heiring the signature of that
distinguished and indefatigable friend of
Temperance, Dr. H. Burt, that a conven
tiun composed of delegates from the several
Temperance Societies will be held on the
second Tuesday in-March next, to.consider
the propriety of organizingla District Tent.
perance Association. We regret that our
space will not allow us to do little more
than merely advert to this mpvement in
to-day's paper. We sincerely hope how
ever, that the example of "old Edgefield,"
will not fail to exert an influence in all
Districts where such organizations do not
exist. In this way only, can the friends of
the cause expect to attain a minute and
thorough organization, and a salutary in
fluence be cottinually exerted through the
whole District. By the agency of such,
the unfortunate inebriate will be perpetu
ally warned of his danger, while the means
of escape and safety are as constantly kept
in view. If the "ictim of disease, conse
quent on intemperance; and there yet be
htope in his case. the example of his neigh.
bor or frieid. wrested from destruction by
the Temperance reform, is held up to his
view fir his encouragement in mnaking even
one more effort to escape the abyssof otter
destruction. In the saie manner all t he
important information constantly accumu -
lating and circulating through newspapers,
addresses. &c.. is easily diffused through
-out the whole mass of our population-and
we confidently believe that this system.
if thoroughly organized and prosecuted,
Would ere lona dry-up the sources of the
cupidily of the vender of all intoxicating
tiqiors. ann inmruce even-them to'seek their
living by fairer and more reputable means.
We hope that our friends in Edgefield will
let us hen. of their progress and success.
The Anniversary meeting of the Stock
holders of the South Carolina Rail Road
Company, apd of she Sout h- Western Rail
Rouad Bank, was heldt yesterday, at the
BHask Ilall in Broad-~sireet.
Col. Jacob Bond I'On was called oc to
presidle. A report was read by she Pris -
dent of the Bank. of the doings of that in
stitutioni which was referr-ed to a commit
tee of three andi ordered to be prnintedl. A
long and very interesting report was also
suibmitted to tie m'eesting b~y the President
of the Rail Road Company, which, arter
ose discus5sion5, was referred to a Com
mittee of seven, who are'expected to re
pori uponi the same to an adhjoutrned meet
zig so be held this day, at 12 o'clock.
Anl election for Directors of hsoth insti
utions takes place this day. at the Batnk.
Charleston Couricr, 12th& inst. -
At an eletiotn, held yester.day at the
Bank of bSouth Carolinsa, for- thirteen Di
-ectors to serve for the enpuing year. the
blowinig gentlermen were elected: John S.
Joadell, Reobert Breewn. B. . llowland.
Samuel liCartney, WVilliams Birnie, Wmn.
alder, J. C. Blum, P. A. Nevle, James
3adsdeni, J. Baneroft, S. H almes, T. M~id
Iletonl, Win. M'Blurney.-Ile. .
At a meeting of the Board of Directors
if thse L. C. RL. R. Company. held on
rihursday, Col. James Gadsden was unan
mnously re-elected President.
Asr a meeting of the Directors of the South
Vestern Rail Road Banik, held yesterday,
as. Reow. Esq., was re-elected'President
f said Batnk.
The Charlestoni Courier of the 13th inst.
aye "At an a tjourned meeting of the
boekholders of tile Southl Carolina Rail
tread Company, anid Sonidbwestern Rail
toad Bank, held yesterday,it was resol
'ed to accept the provision of she Act of
se Legislature, a uthorizidng the construe
on sif a Bratnch Rail Rnadi from Gadsden
Camden. After which the meeting
djourned to meet again this forenoon at 11
The following gentlemen-weres yester
ay eleced Directors of the Southl aro
Ina Rail Road Company, for the ensuing
ye<.-Chas.. Courier, 13th inst.
Enrsident, James Gadsden-Directora
Joel gltams, Ken Boyce, John Bryce, C
B~urcknver,R. Cald well, Dr. I. M. Casmp
)ell. W- '9. Dukes. F. H-. Elmore, Wade
LBampton, Alex. Mlazvek, C. A. MIag
nood, G. A TPrenholm, Tristam Topper
andI Andrew V1allace.
South Western Rail Road Banic.-At
an eiee:ion which 'cok place yesterday,
lie following gentlesrrn were elected Di
ectors of this institution.-/..b.
Jams Rose, M. C. MorEdecai, James Le
are, W. C. Grayson, D- 4C. Levy. Ed.'
dlowry, Jo. Williams, Wsa. Parttn, 0.
I. H illarad, Alex. Mazyck, C. A. Mag.
vond, W. C. atewood
The folloting is the Preface of Mr.
W. GREGG'S Pamphlet, entitled -' EssAs
o. DOMESTIC INDUSTRY."
At the request of a number of gentle-.
men who desire me topublish in pamphlet
form. the Essays which recently appeared
in the "Charleston Courier," under the
head of "Domestic lndustry."'nnd siiged
-South-Carolina," they are Wow revised
with a few addifions.
The Manufacturing of Coton in the
Southern States, is a subject that has en
gaged my attention for many years, and '
elicted much interesting enquiry and In
borious investigation. Albout eight years
ago, I purchased a considerable interest in
the Vancluse Manufacturing Establish
ment, near Aiken, anl mypractical expe
rience in it, (it being-under my charge for
eight months, during the summer and fall ,
of 1837,) has produced a set aled conviction
in my mind, that Manufaciaring is a busi
ness that ought to engage. tie two Caro
linas and Georgia. I had ihen, but recently
retired from a very lucrative business in
Columbia. on account of ill health, whieh
forbade my becoming the purchaser of the
above-named esiablishment. which was'
sold by the company in 1837. . It. howev
er, came into my posoessionin bonnectiotr
with Gen. James Jones, in March, 1843.
The investigation prompted by thisowner
ship, and the experience of tienty monihs
active operation of I his establishmen',hbave
confirmed my previous impressions, ind I
am now prepared to stake my reputation
as to the issue. I firmly believe,.that our
advantages are such as to enable-as to
compete successfully with. ony country,
now engaged in the inanufacture offeoarse
Couton Fabrics. We have the maiterial A
among us, which, set in motion by this
branch of industry, waud create an ener
gy that would revolutionize our State,
morally and physical ly,-uproot the I'M-,
mense forests that now cover the fairest
portion of our soil,-diembowel ihe -hid
den treasures contained in our immense
beds of iron ore.-revive the drooping spir
its ofour enterprising Iron Masters.-shake
the very foundation of the beds of granite
that abound in all paris of our Stae,
resuscitate our worn out soil,-co'nstruct
for us good roads and bridges,-erect-hou
ses of such durable materials as should
make them monuments ofonr-enterprise,
and d wellings fir the ofispring of our chil
dren's children,-and which wou.ld place
us in a condition to meet any emergency
that might arise.
A tour of inspection through the manU
facturing districts of the Northern States,
during the past sunmmer, has not only con
firmed all my previous impressions, but
has probably excited in mae too much en
thusiasm on this subject, which I regard
as so vastly important to South-Carolina.
A portion of the matter contained in these
essays, was written during ray sojourn
armong the New England Cotton spinners
without any expectation ihat the author
would be known to tie public, and with no
desire beyond that of advanc-ing the pros
periy of our State. To what extent this
object may be promoted by these efforts,
time only will reveal; I trustrhowever, that
if the facts here stated are nor the reans
of producing a single esiablishmet-to test
the matter. and prove to our people what
nay be done in South Carolina-ilhey will
at foet, *waken a spirit of eiu~q-iry. and
elicit the efforts of those tvho are better
qualified to investigate the subject than
If the language employed in any portion
of these essays, seems indicative of un
frienadly feelings towtads Stouth Carolina,
otr if the essays themselves, abound it re
proachful-epitheus and utnpalarable truths,
I bmeg that it mny no0t he construed as to
imply a want of atrachmenit to-he State.
The fact of my having gone to considera
ble trouble and expcnse. to procure the
dala in them, with no oilher object in viewv
than that of cr-eatiug a spirit of enterprise
utmonig my felaow-citizens, which l trust
will eventuate in her good,. must release
me from any impiutatino, of a wat of'at
tachment to South-Carolitna. or of detract
ing from her merits. I'o he in the taidst
of the scene, which surrounded me, when
i commenced writinig these essays, andi
to compare it with the existing condi
tion of thitigs in our State, would indeed
require some philosophy to wvrile or speak
on the subject, withiot using reproachful
WVe all know wthat the Manufactur-in g
of Cotton has done for Great Britain. It
has given her an influence which makes
all other States iribut ary ta her. We also
know. that this lsranich of maanufactures,
was the foutndation on which thai Vast and
continually increasing struciure has been
reared in New England. which has given
an impetus to~ all other species of manu
factures, infusing~ a spii-it of enterprise
health, and vigor into every department
of industrial purs'.its. I have always been
a close observer of things. but when I-vii.
ited the mountainous dlistricts of Connecti
cut, Massachusetts, Vermont and New
Hampshire, (for it is positing itself to the
very summits of the mroutains,) I could.
not but nbotice, with surprise, the effect'
which this branch of -manufactures had
produnced. WVherever it finds its way, all
other branchws of industry follow. It brings
into requisiiotn every element around it,
gives value to every species of properly,
and causes each and every individual to
cling to his little domaitn, as the future
home of his children, and reesiing-place for -
his bones; atnd though it be but a barren
rock. he places a value on-it scarcely t'o
be e-timatead. Every waterfall is brought
into use; every forrest tree is measured,
even to its toptnobt branches, (for nothing
is lost in that country,) after the trunk has
been worked -into boards and shingles, the
tops are cut into laths. Compare thisstate
of things with that of otur Stats, in which
man hesitates about buihling a comforta
ble- d welling house, lest the spirit of emi- -
gration deprive him of its usd-in which
the cream of a virgin soil is hardly exhaus
ted, before the owner is readly .to abandon
it, in search of a country affording new and
bet ter lands,-in which our forest lumber
eutters fell, with ruthless hand, the finest
timber trees o~n the face of the'globe, se
lecting' those portioua which are the most
easily turned into tmerchantable lumber,
and leaving the balance to rot en the
ground, where it was cut,-whieh, so soon
as the best timber is extiatisted, a water
fall, which would be wvortht thousands of
Jollars, it- an~y other cotuntry. is abandon-.
rd as wholly wvorthiles-and in ...i:ch