Newspaper Page Text
- erreupoudence of the Charleston'Courier.
sWAsHINLGToN, March 8.
The Secretary of War. Mr. Marcy, the
secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Walker;
and Mr. Cave Johnson, Post Master Gem
94al,.-btered. upon the duties of their sev
-ejil oilces to-day.
.- 46Buchanan has not yet taken his post
as Seeretary. or State. but will probably
do sa early next week. It is now gener
ally believed and asserted that Mr. Cal
- oon- will accept the offer of the mission
. i-8Egland. We shall. soon know, ror
"omie one will. doubtless be nominated in
tbe.cous'e of fortyeight hours. Some say
tbat Mr. Calhoun has not peremptorily
declined the offer of this mission, and that
-he' will certainly accept it. It is positive
ifat his present Chief Clerk, Mr. Cralle,
.10f Virginia, will be appointed Secretary
The rumor that Mr. Rush, of Pennsyl
vania was to have the London mission
was premature. if not anlerly uprfounded.
If any one in Pennsylvania were to have
is, it would be Mr. C. J. Ingersoll. The
audmiaistration could -have no motive in
selecting Mr. Rush, and he. none in ac
cepting the office, for he filled it nearly a
quarter of a century ago, wrote a book
about it, and is too poor to go to so expen
sive a Court.
Col Butler, of Kentucky, has not yet
been appointed to any place, but his will
be among the batch ofnominations to come
in on Monday.
The Senate promises to be thin on Mon
day, owing to the number ofrvacancies and
. MIr. Baneroft's nomination as Secretary
or the Navy will probably be considered
and approved on Monday. f have heard of
no deinite objections to him. It is genei
ally said that Mr. Woodbury and- Mr.
Fairfeld thought it would be improper to
take a Cabinet Minister from a strong
whig siate like Massachusetts. especially
when men as capable could be found in the
-States of Maine and Neiv llampshire.
It is said, too, that Mr Bancroft is a Dorr
democrat, and a little touched with fan
-ticism in regard to slavery. This is, how
bver, denied and explained by his friends.
We -bear of many appoir.tments in pros
pMct. As usual, the members of Congress
some in for a strong share of the spoils.
Several of them are to-have buieaus here
among them Mr. Weller, ofOhio, and Mr.
W. J. Brown, of Indiana. The Globe ad
vocates the doctrine of rotation in office.
The Madisonian complains-that the Globe
won't take its own physic. There are in
dications that there will be many remo
MARCH 11. -
The Senate, to-day, confirmed the nom
ination of Mr. Bancroft, as Secretary of
the Navy. It is understood that the nom
ination was unacceptable to the Senate in
consequence of Mr. Bancroft's-peculiar no
tions on the subject of existing institutions,
and the, mode of altering them. But the
Senate overcame their scruples, and finally
coneluded to sufer Mr. Polk to have such
a Cabinet as he night prefer. Mr. Polk's
situation -is not free from embarrassinent.
and he will have a difficult path to travel
in other appoiitments. He needsalltti,
- indlgence, therefore, that thqSent imay
be willing to aford him. -
The position of the Calhotn man and
of Mr. Gass at the present time. is much
that the ultimate majority in the Senate is
by no means cert ain to be favorable to the
silminihtration on all-nominations or mea
sures. It is to .be presumed, however,
that thenew S.n~ators frotn Iowa and Flo
rida,- and Texas, ii in regard to most
things, support the administratioi. I lei-"
that some of the expected nominations of
Mr. Polk will certainly be rejected..
He- will make no nominations immedi
stely except for the -purpose of filling ac
tual vacancies. No nominations were
* made to-day, but a batch of them may be
sent in to-morrow, and -among them that
of.Mr. Armstrong, of-Nashvijle, as Consul
It has been suggested by some that -Mr.
Calhoun would accept the London mission.
But that -I find is-a mistake. He has been
offered that mission or any thing else he
might choose to take, and decidedly de
clined taking-any thing. In reply to the
.question where. Mr. Calhoun will go, the
answer of his friends is, that he will gg to
Fort Hill, they say, and be says that be.
will not return to the Senate, for there lie
'wonld find all-parties hostile to- him, and
* mocrals seeking to-entrap him, while
* port. . ' tion would give him no sap.
* ngs onr the subject -one or two meet
against the act of annexatt:- 's pretest
testis said to have been drawn in a -
. and moederate manner. -I have no doubt
that ir will. soon, appear, not through the
agenc'y of the Government, hut some-chn-~
nel or other. -In the mean time, it seems
that-our Goverdiment ha. nothingi-o do but
to await-the result of the "sober second
'thought " of the Mfexican Government~
t Corresondce of the Baktimore American 3K
No: noinations are understood to have
.been confirme'd by the 0.8,. Senate toiday,'
nor 'acted uipon, except ta be referred to
. the-respective trdamittees..
It is said. and I have no' doubt the fact
is so, that Mr. John Armstrong of Nasif
* vill, ,Tennessee, has been nominated as
Consul to Liverpool, and Mt.-John Davis,
of Pennsylvania, a -few years since one of
- the representatives in Congress from that
- State, Surveyor of the port-of Philadel
phia, is-place of Mr. Cooper, the tragedian,
whose temporary commision to the samne
ofie- had 'expired. There were various
other' nomninations 'made; it is said, but I.
believe they were for minor offices.
This morning Mir. Buchanan, the new
Secretary of State, entered upon the du
.ties oftbls department. - -
I ala (ear* that Mr. Bancrofi, recently
consfrmed'by the Senate as Secretary of
the Nay, commenced -the duties of 1gs
offce tbis-morning,.and- was waited'upon
by thecefrks and gentlemen having charge
of -the-difihrent bureaus in the Navy De
.parti~ He will to-morrow receive the
mIvit, it is reported, of the naval offi
ao here. in -l'al unlform.
SENATE OF UNITED STATES.
In-.Executive Session, March 10, 1845.
Ordered, That the injunction of secrecy
be removed from-the appointment of the
Committees, and that they be printed for
the ub of the Senate.
On Foreign Relations.-Messrs. Allen,
chairman, Cass, Archer, Atherton, and
On Finance.-Mestrs. Woodhury, Mc
Duffie, Benton, Evans, and Phelps.
On Connarce.-Messrs. Haywood. Dix,
Huntington, Johnson or Maryland, and
On Manufactures.-Messrs. Dickinson,
Sturgeon, Simmons, Semple,and Speight.
On Agariculture.-Messrs. -Sturgeon,
Semple, Upham, Bates, and Barrow.
On Military Afairs.-Messrs. Benton,
Hannegan, Crittenden, Dix, and Phelps.
On Military.-Mesrs. Atchinson, Sem
ple, Barrow. Fairfield, and Corwin.'
On Nval Afairs.-Messrs. Fairfield,
Colqditt, MeDuffie, John M. Clayton, and
(,n Public Lands. -Messrs. Breese,
Speight, Ashley, Woodbri-ge, and Jarna
On Private- Land Claime.-Messrs;
Han negan, Semple. Juhnson of Louisiana,
Dayton. and Thomas Clayton.
On Indian Afairs.-Messrs. Sevier,
B-Igby, Phelps, Morehead, and Atchinson.
On Claim.-Messrs. Bagby, John M.
Clayton, Semple, and Dickinson.
On Revotutiorary Claims.-Messrs.
Semp'le, Jarnagin, Greene,-H annegan, and
On the Judictary.-Messrs. Ashley, Hu
ger, Webster, Berrien, and Breese.
On the Post Offce audl Post Roads.
Messrs.,Niles. Sturgeon. Simmons, Sem
ple, and Johnson of Louisiana,
On Roads and Canals.-Messrs. Ather
ton. Lewis, Corwin, Sturgeon, and Wood
On Pensions.-Messrs. Dix, Ashley,
On the District of Columbia.-Messrs.
Colquitt, Sevier, Johnson of Maryland,
Miller, and Woodbury.
On Patents and the Patent, Ofc.
Messrs. Woodbridge, Hannegan, Stur
geon, Speight, and,Lewis.
On Retrenchment.-Messrs. Lewis.. A th
erton. Dayton, Morehead, and Dickinson,
On Territories.-Messrs, Baghy, Allen,
Lewis, Evans, and John M. Clayton.
On Public Buildings.-Messrs. Day-.
t.on, Simmons. antd Bates.
To audite and control the contingent er
penses of the Senate.-Messrs. Atherton,
Simmons. and. Semple.
On Engrosscd Bills.-Messrs. Speight,
Greene, and Jarnagin.
SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.
Tuesday Match 4th, 1845.
At 11 o'clock A. M. the Hon. Willie P.
Mangum, President pro tern. of the Senate,
called the. Senate to order.
The following Senators Elect were call.
ed by the President pro tem., and duly ij
sworn Senators of the United States ror
six years from this date:
Hon. Thomas H. Benton, re-elected
Senator from Missouri.
fI66* Lewis Cass, elected Siiiator from Y
Michigan, in the room of Hon. Augustus n
S. Porter. whose term expired.
Hon. John M. Clayton, elected Senator
from Delaware, in the room of Hon. -
H. Bayard, whose term of service expired. ~
Hon. Thomas Corwin, elected Senator I
from Ohio,. in the room or IBon. Benjamin ~
Tappan, whose term of service expired.
Hon. Wiliiam L. Dayton, re-elected-t
Setnator fromn New Jersey.
.Hon. Dantiel S. Dickinson. elected Sen- c
atow- from New York. his election to rhe a
residue of the 'ern1iof the Hon. N. P. Tral. 8
madge ~having expirea.
Flona. John Fairfield, elected' Senator
from Maine, his appointment for the pre-.
vinus residue of a term expired. a t
Hon. Albert S. Greene, elected Senator It
frm Rhode Island, in the room of Hon.
John B. Francis, whose term of service
under appointment expired.
Hon. Jabez W. Huntington, re-elected a
Senator from Connecticut.
Hon. Reverdy Johnson, elected Senator
from Maryland, in the room of the Hon. -
William B. Merrick, whose term expired. c
H-Ion. Samuel S. Phelps, re-elected-Sen- h
ator from Vermot.
Hon. Jesse.Speight, elected Senator
from Mississippi, in the room of Hon. i
John Henderson, whose term expired. r
H on. Daniel Sturgeon, re-elected Sena
tor from Pennsylvania. .
*Hon. Daniel Webster, elected Senator
from Massachusetts, in the room of Hon.r
Rufus Chboate, whose term expired.
All the old Senators were in attendance,
liiiitHon. Isaac C. Bates, ?confinedto
Hon. JamigY evere. indisposition) and.
quence a)f severe Irge (absent in conse
The seats occupied pi~~his family.)
of March by 'he Hon. Mesr. 14th- "I
Tenntessee, Rives, of Virginia, and Whiite; I
of Indiana, are vacant by -the expirationa
ofetheir terms of service, and the omission I
of those States to elect persons to fill their a
places. ___* 1 I
In the -Act making appropriations for
etain fortifications of 'the United States, a
for the year ending 30th June, 1846, we
find the following:
For preservation of the site of Fort I
Moultrie, Charleston.harbor, South Care
lina, twelve thousand dollars; .
For dike to Drunken. Dick Shoal, Char- C
leston harbor, South Caro~ina, thirty-Aive C
For Fort Sumter, Charleston harbor, I
South Carolina, seventy thousansd doillrs; ~
For preservation of ni~e site of Fort.John
son, Charleston harbor, South Carolina,
one thousand dollar..
To Extinguish Fires-A correspondent .si
of the Btuffalo Advertiser suggests the pro- oi
priety of having reservoirs of water 9atur.a. -p
ted with sl, and says:t "One gallon of el
brine would be a-more,effectual damper of -B
fire than four or even six-gallons of com- a
mon water; and yet another advantage ft
from the use of. brine - would be,. that in di
the coldest weather of winter no difficulty gi
would be experienced from the freezing of he
ihn liquid in the hose." I
The New York Correspondent of the
Aarseston Courier, of a late date, says:
' You -have heard of the newdiscovery to -
EPngland called Anastatic Printing, by
thich letter-press line engravings, wood- i
:uts, lithographs, &e: are reproduced in a t
ew moments in plates capable of giving I
ifteen -or twenty thousand impressions.- p
V1r. Wiley received by. the- last. steamer a
i French paper thus transfer d in a fe.. c
ninutes. The typography, w cuts and
til are precisely like the o al. Mr. c
Niley has kindly given us an accurate s
lescription of the whole procis by which h
his is done. To make th eillustration c
note simple, take the Chare ton Courier 6
or the sheet to be transferred to a plate. g
Jpon a plate of polished zinc lay the sheet
if the Courier spread out, so as to fit close' p
y. Then with a sponge mooten it tho v
oughly with dilute nitric acl.and the 1
Pork is done. The chemicln mposition il
>f the ink resisting the actiou ofihe nitric .
lcid those poriions of the plate covered by
he letters are protected of course from it
orrosion. while all the spaces between 11
ire eaten out. In a few minutes the acid d
ias done its work, cutting away the zinc F
vhere the ink does not proteciV On re- a
noving the fragments of iieet the ii
'late presents a surface of )ated let- B
ers, line for line, point for phti engrav- m
ig for engraving, just as covelfed the face if
f the sheet. In other words Uiprocess tr
t just as simple as to put se blocks it
f lead on to smooth ice and -t pour hot 1
rater over it. The lead wvpid protect ti
lie ice: under it, while the intermediate ti
paces would have melted away. On. re- r[
noving the blocks the rsurfnc bOld he tI
aft unieven with points of ice pond- p
ng to the shape of the block. 'I hnve ei
voided technicalities in order to give it q
ierfectly inte!!igible descriptioritef an in- p
rentiqn Which has caused so much won ti
ler, and yet been tnvolved in perfect myP a
ery. You can .try the expeciment, and tl
o can any one, with very little'expense. It
l'he great difficulty is in the preis work- h
he letters have such a slight elevsjinn from .
he plate,. it requires a pecubagarrnnge
nent to prevent 'he sheeffrnm meeting
he plate between the letters, and thus dirty c
he surface. It is a German invention, and a
3 already in operation in Germany. The
Aondon Athenaum is thus tiansferred, mi(1
ifered toaubscribers for nine shillings ster h
ing-a little'over 82 per year. The prin- -h
er says he can afford it at this priee, with R
inly three hundred subscribers.; The sub
cription price in E ngland ii'about six 6
lollars per annuin. . This invention will n
irobably supersede stereotype plates en- li
irely,.and reduce the cost of priuting im- is
nensely. Literature wtill be diffpsed at a f,
ate that will bring it iithin tir reach of c
very one who desires it. An engraver's 1
lete, which costs him months of labor, it
an*thus be produced in a& -tter of an
our. This will also mateU-iafl-Yeffect the
opy right law-. It will give us a great
ad equitable arrangement with foreign. P
ations in coly rights, or it, wi1. destroy "
bem altogether. The print!d pub *
isher, by this invention are eqily in'er
sted wthi the authoi in a copyright.
very thing must be made secures or there .
i no security whatever.
Information Wanted.-The 4FBzst Ala E
amian" says Some moorfis . sine,, a
oiung man yiiioame of Jacob C. Kin- e
edy, left this part of the countiry. and no C
efinite intelligence has since been recei- t
ed of his whereabouts.*. He went to the F
2lad Mines in Tallapoosa, and then into r
'lorida, and was said to have been lost v,
-om Chattahooche river. Btit as very ir
ttle credit is placed upon this intelligene., si
is friends are anxious to make an efiort a
>ascert ain where he is; if he still be-liv- a
ig. He was about 21 years of age, fair se
amplected, dark hair, blue eyes, v~eiahed I1
bout 160 pounds, and was abon' 5 feet a'
inches in height. Will our fri-nds of the
'ress do an act of humanity. .by placing
is notice in their columns ?
Any communication may be addressed a
his brother, George W. Ken ne.dy, Tat m
The English A pprentice S~jstem.-WVe V
bserve by the Demara papers the arrival e
tBerbaice of the British ship Roger Stew- d
r, -on the 20th of January, with 348 E
sfricati ~Emigrants from Sierra Leone. '
'he Berbice Gazette Pays: "the arrivttl
rented a great sensation, and every face
are token of the satisfaction the evett a.1
ecasioned." D~ouhtless, these are sotne
r the free laborers the British are about n
troducing in their colonies-the capita. fr
ud, condemned and apprenmiced cargoes IL
the slave vessels toaken hy. and after C
,nfinemen; at Sierra Leone, being resto- C
id to those homes and that freedom froas: C
hich philantropists allege they have. been I
ra, are re-shipped across the ocean toJ
il in British coloniee under the "name"
rapprentice.-N. Y. Morn. Newes.
Another SLT in the Firnmamern.- T he v"
agnificient chandelier suspended in the tr
alnl of Representatives supported twen -A
,.ilighta, the number of the Statcs,.atd .
rh vg~Qe was ascertained ona'
nother lig tim g xas qtuestion,.
he galaxy, making twentyliJ5jadded to E
oncidence hunters may also remark9,e.
be vo in favoreof admission to the Seta
te was twenty seven, being one for each Iia
bate including Texas. It is also remark. .
ble- that. a majority in the House otn the *
nal passage is fifty six, being just four .
mesa the numbe.i (14) of new states !hat h
ave been added .to the-Union since'the Pt
riginal confederation. -This may he in- r
icative :of. the number yet totcome in. p
.ike .Banquo's .glass it. reflects ?the lottg ii
as of States that areye't to swell the Con- a
,deratiti.-Ibid. - u
Neto York to Newo Orleans in a Noment. t
.The New York Sun is not extravagat
predicting that in 1850, even at its pre
tnt rate of progress, and without coming *
t accelerating improvements, the dailyv "
roceedings of Congress will be reported
ich 'night at New Orleans, New York,
oston, and the intermediate cities. Trhe a
embers will hardly have -limg to pass
am their seats, in the Capitol, to their N
nner, before the gtiratcle-working Tele hi
-ph-will have told n thaou.and miles off,.
>w they have performed their morning's
THE NEW CABINET.
In the formation - of the Cabinet there
vere 'diffieubies to surmount.. perhaps, as
rear as ever enviriandd the first Execu -I
ive officer of the Union on his accession to
his dienitty. M r. Polk lis overcome these
ifficullies with equal judgment and im
artiality. If he had nitemnpted to bal
nee in his Cabinet the leading branches
fthe Democratic party by appointing to
,e Secretaryship, a representative of
ach, he wtuld have sownabroad cast the
Reds of dissention. and reaped the full
arves' of distracted councils. In the
otposition of his Cabinet he wvas compell
d to regard the claims of the four great
eogrraphical divisions of the Union, with
ut the sacrifice of other aims, and he ap
ears in have had these leading objects in
iew in the selection of its members. 1st.
'heir general reputation for ability and
itegrity. 2nd. Their attachment to Con
There can he no other principles of se
iion for a President of the U. States in
to fortnation of his Cabinet, elected un
er the popular inflietices that placed Mr.
Polk itn office. Mutch more importance is
tiached to offidial -experienp than is due
the choire of a new Cabinet. The
ureaue are composed of practical tnen
ell conversant with official routrine atid
te details of administrntton. Of adminis
ative ability no judi'einue President of
ie United States will deprive himselfi'f
y indiscriminate removals. The Execu
ve branches of this Government always,
terefore, remain in full effectiveness.
'he Heads of Dephrtmentt should possess
ie competency that results from a com
rehensive knowledae of the great inter
tts of the country, and a thorough ac
uainiance with the ceneral prineiples of
dlitical science and administration. With
to names of Biucfranan, Bancroft, Marcy
nl Walker, the country is familiar. while
te National councils have henefitted by
ibors ard services of almost every mem
or of the tiew Cahinet.-Chas. Patriot,
The Cabinet Comp.ete.-Get-rae Ban
mrtfl. Eq., anyA the National Intelligencer
rlast Tuesday. was yeterday tinani
miusly confirimed as Secretary of the
[avy. The manner -of confirmation is
ighly creditable to the S!ate. Mt. B.
as an European reputation. His talents
re equal, we think, to any emergency or
-ill adqantely -fill any ltation -to which
o might be called in the Federal govern
tent. Th6 appoitmen'rit nust he pecu
arly acceptable to the South. Mr. B.
a statesman'(Ivoted to the principle.s of
ee-trade, and a firm sopporter of those
Dmpromises of the constitution that con
:itute the guaranties of Southern rights,
iterests and instituilions.
Sessions of Congress.-The Boston Post
ublishes n tale showing the time when
ch session of Congress commenced,
,ded, qnd its -duration, since the first ses
on in New York.. The sessior just
osed, commenced Dec. 2d, 1844, and
aa 92 days .long. There have- been 62
-ssions of Congress held since the adop
on of the Constitution. Extra sessions
'ere called in 1790, 1998, 1810, 1814.
338. and in 1842. The sessionuE1841-2
,as the longest ever held-269 days, the
%sion of 1809 the shortest-38 ddys.
ongress held its first ad second sessions
nder the Constitution in New York -
'rom Decen.her 1790, in May 1800, it
et at Philadelphia and on the.17'h No.
ember IS00, cottmtencedl its first session
i \Vtshing'ott. The dlays spent in se
on. dturing 56 years. summed up. :nake
period of 23 y ears atnd 115 'Iy. The
rerage ttmnher of day s occupied by each
issioni, is 153 dlays ; the Whiig sessioni of
341-42. wats nearly twice as long as Lhe
verage seisions of Congress,
Public :Meeting.-A large meeting of
tizens tootk place- last night at the City
all, for the purpose of making arrange-'
e-nts to 'receive the H on. Joht C. Cal
mtit with appropriate respect, oti his ar
val in Charleston. from the Seat of Gom
trnment. The Hon. Ke'r Boyce was
illed to the Chair. amid .Major A. 0. An
-ews'acted as Secretary. H enry BaiIay,
sq.. ff'ered a Preatmbtle atid Resrlutitis,
hicht he prefand by soine highby comn
iroentarv remaurks to the - character of
r. Calhoun. Several otlher gentlemen
Idressed the meeting. among tshom were
e - Hoan. Messrs Yatncey and Belser,
embers of the House of Representatives
lim Alabatma. 'rho. p;reamtb!e and reso
tions' sere unanimously adopted. A
omtmittee o1f fift) were appointed by the
hair, to act with a Comm'nittee of the
ity Council, to carry out the projects of
e mteeting, and the meeting then ad
urned.-Chkas. Patriat, Mareh 12th.
A notice of the celebramiion of t he 22d
ethruary, prepared for our last wasun
didabily mitted. The day was nshsred
by the discharge of a national saltute.
12 M., a processiotn moved, from the
apitol, in the order previously published,
the Presbyterian Chturcht. The Fare
elI Auddress was read hy D. S. Walker,
sq., and was followed .by an exceeding
interesting discourse from the Rev. Dr,
(m. B. Johnosoni. The subject was an
ce oo~.thte moral and intellemnal char
ietnts, whmicimdpton ;and the noble ele
itutedi the g r e otmbinatiome, con
tan, were sever-ally clea mmrad
appily illustrated, by reference ttan
rnate t-vents in his ever memorable ca
per. The application was equally' sim
le and forcible. Barely have we listened
tan address replete with so much of'sound'
ad enobling sentiment of practicallvyea
able truth,.so well expressed.- A publ.
ition, wes believe, was solicited, but like'
e many other things good and trtue which:
>mne from the same source, it lives only:
the memory of those who heard it ; in
her words, it. was entirely extempora
,ous.-Tallhasse (Pta.) Sentinel.
EIAfi HUNG.-A Cherokee was hung
Tahleq'uah, the capital of the Cherokee
ation.-on the 9th inst., for the murder of:
swife near thait place some three months'
ie.. The name of the manwas Oo ta
.DGEF1ELD C. H.
WKDMESDiY, MAc.19. 1845.
" We will ding to the Pillars of the Temple of
Our Liberties. and if it must fall, we jiU-per
ish amidst the Ruins."
FIRE.-On Sunday night about 8 o'clock,
a fire broke out in an outhouse of the lot occu.
pied by Mr. Josiah D. Tibbets. of this town.
This building and another, used for the pir
pose of a crib and stable, were enveloped in
flames, and were burned down. A large sta
ble on the adjoining lot, of Mr. Butlet. was in
imminent danger, but wassaved by grearef.
forts on the part of certain individuals, and the
Fire Company, which labored very effectually
in arresting the progress of-the flames. A con
siderable quantity of corn, fodder and hay, b.
longing to Mr Tibbetts,was consumed.
IAvY RAi.-On Wednesday night last there
was a fill of rain at this place, and it continued
almost without intermission throughout Thurs
day. For sone days afterwards, we had cold
and wintry we-ither.
The Court of Commun.Pleas and General
Sessions. for this District. adjourned oi the 16th
instant after setting the whole week His
Honor Judge Frost presided.- The greater
portion of the week the Codrt wasengaged.in
small State cases; the principal one of which
was that of Joseph Richardson, who was con
iicted of stealing a Mule, and' sentenced to
two months imnprisonment. anad to receive fifty
lashes. in five weekly in3talments,conxmencing
on the first.Monday in April text. -
An, Extra Court 'has been.ordered, to com.
mene.on the 2nd Monday in July neit, to
continue twO weeks. irties concerned will
take due notiedi tiereof, and act'accordingly.
FIRES -Numerous fires have recently oc
curred in Southern Towns. Our readers will
remember. that Wetuinpka, it. Alibama, was
a short time since visited by an extensive con.
flagration. Several attempts have been made
to fire . Columbia. Charleston, Georgetown
and Savannah, have also been visited by. fires,
and nuch valuable property, principally Cot. E
ton, has been destroyed. . Large rewards have c
been offered in some of these places for the ap.
prehension of-incendiaries,- who are supposed
to-have caused the fires.
South Carolina Rail Road.--From a state- '
ment published in the Charleston Courier, it
appears, that these has been a increase in the ri
amountbf btas(neqs and receipts 6f the..Rail 9
Road Companj. In the months of January and
Feb., for the present year, -the amount of-busi
siness' nid receipts actuilly exceeded those of
1844, by about five thousand dollars. The
receipts for January and February 1844,-were
$84;896 61. For February and March 1845, d
S ,592 65.
The Presidentof the United States has sent
a Messenger to Texas, with a copy of the
Joint Resolutins fnr Annexation, omitting theC
amtendmnt which was introduced in the Sen.
Mass Wssrza Aoms.-Miss Delia Webster t
who was sentenced io thePenitentiary. in Ken
Lucky, for stealing certain slaves, has been par
iJoned lby the Governor. It seems that she'was
rented with great kinidness,.net to say gallantry
ns the prison. Site was not subjected, like.
~omnmn wretches, to the prison discipline. She a
sas not required to wear the uniform of the e
~onvicts-her beautiful ritiglets were not shorn 'u
>ff, ntor was she compelled tq perform servile
asks. Shte has, - itce het liberationi. made her (
svay back to the North-perhaps to preach
against slavery.-. - *
We have read .a copy of an' Oration "on
he necessity of popular nnlightenment."I by
[-fenry L. Pinckney.' We will ~giveit a'mnore
A short time since, we gave some notice of
he. abomiinable mistakes which the. Devil1
nakes us .commit in the publication of~our I
>aper. It seeums that the archt.enemy of men-1
inm recently been in the office of the Charles
on Courier. HeI lately made a correspondenit c
>f that paper say. that "aMrs. Polk, wife oIhhe
President,'was devoid of affection." A most
torrible calymny! ;This was altogethier a I
'alse readinig of the copy, wvhich the compositor:
'et 01p. It read thus-"Mis. Polk, wife of the
P~residenti. is devoid of affectation"-".- We
vould itot htav. lheiieved, that there was such,(
mn utter watt of gallantry to the beautiful sex. a
aven in the Devil haimself.! ti
At the annual election, fiel in Charleston, a~
Be 12th instant, for Directors of the Union
Ban '-atkharolina, the followinig. gentle'.
men were eleeres,,o.uerve for 'the ensuing
Rtene tlodard,s Sanmel Chdi~
Alexander Brown. 'Otis Mills,
C. Burek myer, A. Ottolengul,
Win. Mazyck, W. C. Hichborn, -
Smith Mowry, Jun -John I, Hedley..
A- Tobias, . Chas. N. Hiubert.
At-the annual~election,.held in.Cliarleston, a1
an the 12th intstant, fori .Dire~ctonrot the State F
Bank. the following gentletmen were' re-elected
to serve for the ensuitng yeari:- - - -
lames Jervey, George Gibbon,
hohn Wilkes, Thomas J. Kerr, *
N. R..Middleton, Gedrge (M. Coffin,'
V. B. Legare, . Edward Sebring, -
I. H. Ladeon, ..E. W. Mathewvs,
-9. R. Ripley- Andrew Moafi.
For the E.geed Adcertiser.
According to previous notice, in -!he
Edgefield Advertiser. Delegates from sev
,ral,. Temperanc' Societies or Edgefield
Dierirt, met in the Baptist Church of
Edgefi'elde on the evening of the 11th
Warch, for the purpose of forming a Dis
riet Temperance Socierv. On motion of
o the Chair, and .E. J. Mims appointed
The meeting ivas commenced with
rayer by the Rev. J. M. Chiles. The
Thair having explained the object of the
reeting. the following Delegates enrolled
heir names, with -those of their respective
Societies. viz :.
Rocky Creek W..T., A. :Society-Dr.
i. Burt, Rev. Wm. Watkins.
Gilgal T. A. Society-Rev. James M.
.ThiIes.-L. De vne. -
Edgefield, M. W. Society-Eev.. A.
icQuordodale, E. Finn, Dr'-. . Mtimi.
)r. H. Burt.
Little Saluda-T.' A. Society-Re.~ Z.
Walkina, Benjanlif1 ~Ethtidge, Joseph 1
Shiloe T. A: Sociely.4ames iervis,
Antioch Temperance .Society- Re
UI. Ahney. P 'Brimus. n.
Beach lsland -W. -T. .A. Society-S . 1u
3Ilark. J. M. Miller. - - -
l.og Creek T. ArSociety-. Hghes,
Good Hrope T. A Society-R.' Byasi
Gazoway Temperance" Society-..H.
On mo(ion .nf Dr. H. Burt. the dijair
Lppointed the following Committe.of Five,
o draught.a Constitution . for the: govern
nent-of this: Society, viz-: Dr. H Bert,
lev. James M. Chilet, Saiuel Clarke,
lohert Bryan and Rev. M: M.,Abmey,
During the recessoin'e Comnte, tfhe,
neeling was addressed ii an loiquent.and
ible manner by James Tuppe,.Esq.of
The Committee ihen.'reported the tol
owing Preamble and .Constitution, which
vas unanimously adopted.
Whereas, we the' Delegates. fri~m. the
lifferent local Societies in the Distict or
Edgefield. feel the need of more concen
rated and efficient. action, for the 'p-rgmo
ion of the Temperanoe 'cause, and havitag
net for the purpose of devising and adop.
ing some plan that may secure such ac.
ion, do, now agree to 'form a District
remperance Society,'and adopt tje fol
owing articles as the Constit'ution, by
vhich our operations shall be directed.
Art. I. ThiS-Sheiety shall be known by
ho name if the Edgellefd 'District Tem
Art. II. This Society shall he composed
fDelegnitesfrom the v'eriotis Tem terance
Bocieties in the District of Edgefield.
Art. III.* The object' of thir Society.
hall he to advance the cause of Temper,
nce in the District of Edgefield. by se
uring grearer activity arid unanimity o'
fort' among the individual Societies
Art. IV. The officers of -thi Soilety
hall be a President, two Vice Presidents,
Secretary and Treasurer, to be- 'chosen
rom the Delegates, by ballot at each an
ual meethig, who shall, with three other
members. chosen at fht'e same time chri
ritute an Executive 'Cornmittee . whiih
hiall be entrusted with the general busi
ess of the Society, except, when it' is it
elf i session.
Art. V. It shall lbe the dftiy ofrihe Pres
lent, Vice President, Sm etary and Trem
urer, te discharge the druties usually inc
ent to such offices.. The' Kiecutive Com
mitee shall he-reqtiired to furnish suitable
cerona to address the meetings of the So.
iety, prepare business for the same, and
take such recommend Ations as they.may
eem suitable and iroper.
Art. VI. The regular- meetings of thris
iociety, shall he held a t Edgefield C. H.,.
r stuch other place, as the Society' may
pipoint. on the first Tuesday evening', of
lie terms of March,' June 'and October
~ourts, and on Christmas day.
Art. VII. The Executive Comnmittee
hall have power to enrll. extra meeting..
.benever the interests of the Society, in
lieir opinmon. so -require.
Art. VIII. This Constitution may be
Itered or smended' by a vote of two
liirds of thie-members' present, at any reg
Jar moetmngs of the Society.
The Societ y then went in a eletion of
)llicers, which resulted as follows:
Dr H. Burt.-President. --
-Samuel Clark, E-dmund- Pennl Viee
E. J. Mims. Secretary and T reanrer.
H. H. Hill, IRobert Bryan, 4Rev~.Z
O~ffmotion of, Rev. Z. 'Warklis, siie
lanki of' the Society. were. preserntedit~
lr.Tuppe!, for hiii.abje and eloquent ad..
Ons motion. of Rev.. Wm. Wa' line,- the
'roceedings of th' titettin'g were ordered
be jirinted in-th'Edgeieia. Advertiser,~
-id the Temperance Advocate..
The 'ietig adjourned till 'firtuesday
vening of Jutte Court.
E. 3.' M IMS, Secret ary.
DOEFIRI.D DrsTRmcT.TEMP~tkwCE. SQCtETy.
The Executive Commitieeqo. the Dis
ict Temperance Socjiet'y met at Edgefield
~ourt House, and" by- nuanidiotis 'pontept,
ppototed -'Mr. J. G.. Bo.wwman, Editor-of
lie T'emperance Athocate, to address the
egular meeting of the Societf 'id June,
ud Tb'is 'Pope, Esq.,.his elfernate'." T
Also, appointed the followiing-gendeta
s Temperance Le'eturers,.in theiudespec-.
ta uda Regent.-t)r. 8-urr, Pope'
aorrisr Dr. Holland. :
- Seventh Reguitcu.-A. itCaine, .F,
-Nigth, .Regiment.-Rev-.~Mr. Brwi
fortin.Holnes, George Blocker..
Rdigbled, That the.-Sectr'e~y.of the
xecu tiyve Commtttee, publishf in The-Adi
erriser the proceedings of the Committee,
nd that the differe-ni locaiSpocietiesin the'
)istrict be respectfully :tequested w"jilgfs
imemetipg upon the proceedin'gs of die
istrict rTemnperance Society, .aird-avant
timtselves of the;Iabors' of the Temper.
rtce Lecturers appoiunted, and' also siuch
Lh.er Lecturers as. they may .choose .to'
.- -- -E..MS,75
ec'ry xeutive nmainee