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Correpondence of Charleston Courier.
WAsBiNoToNq, March 12.
The French Minister has interposed his
goodroffices between this Government arid
the Mexicaa Minister, nod advised him to
remain here until he receives advices
and instructions from his Government.
Col. Almonte has acceded to the sugges
tion. In the mean time the Committee of
Foreign Affairs of the Senate have before
them a resolution, which they will soon
report to the Senate, requesting the Presi
dent to eter-into negotiation with the
Mexican Government, for the settlement of
boundaries, and of matual claims, and of
all questions between the two Go-vern
There is, thlelefore, no cause for any
previso, and no danger of tny war.
I learn that the Texan Minister here has
been advised, very urgently, to reconmend
to this Government the immediate adop
tion of the'proposition of annexation made
ia the Joint resoldtions, as they originally
passed the House, instead of adopting the
alternative of a long ara hazardous nego
tiation, and another ordeal of legislation as
proposed by the proviao.
Mr. Calhoun before he left the State
Department sent instructions to the same
effect to Mr. Donelson, .our Charge in
Mr. Calhoun left us last night, regretted
deeply by all our citizens. Mr. Cra lie,
hii late Chief Clerk, accompanied him.
Mr. Cralle was offered by Mr. Buchanan
the option of remaining in the office, but
The Senate confirmed to-day the nom
ination of Mr. B. F. Butler, as District
Attorney of New York, aid Mr. Davis, is
Surveyor ofrPhiladelphia. in place of Mr.
Choper, the old tragedian, and father-in
law of Mr. Robert Tyler. I understand,
however, that Mr. Polk will give Mr. C.
some other place. .
Among the nnminations.sent in to-day
vere those of 'Mr. Wm. H. Polk. brother
of the President, as Charge a' Naples; Mr.
A. H. Everett, of Massachusetts, Minister
to China; Mr. Jowett, of Maine, Charge
to Chili: Mr. Parmenter, late member of
Congress, Naval Officer at Boston ; Mr.
Shaler, of New York, Consul at Hong
The President has determined to send
in no nominations except for places nnw
vacant or soon becoming vacant by limi
tation of the term of service. The pro
cess, of removal will not, therefore, soon
commence, nor is it likely to be carried to
a very great extent.
The death of Senator Bates, which ne
curred last evening;'was announced in the
Senate by'his colleague, Mr. Webster, to
day. Mdany circumstances concurred to
render the event one of more than ordinary
interest. The re appearance of Mr. Web'
ster, in the Senate, and the subject of his
first address to that body, brought crowds
to the Senate hatnber- Mr. Bates. too
had been long known and highly respect
ed here, and his death was deeply lamented
fie was one of-the modern school of party
politicians; he had no fanaticism, no ani
mosities; no ambition of office, -His views
were elevated, and his manners refined,
frank and courteous. The loss of such
men, as they drop off' one after the other
cannot be too much deplored. *We can
not say of them as of the golden bough,
that on beIng torn away another will up
Mr. Websters eulogy was simple and
unaffected, and devoid of any effort for
display. .His emotions frequently choked
his utterance, and many in the. hall and
galleries wept as he presented in succes
sion, and in vivid light the picture of the
death bed. the mourning of relatives and
friepds, and the gloom spread over the
beautiful- town of the residence of the de
After a momentary pause. Mr. Huger,
of South Carolina, rose, unexpectedly to
the friendsoftuhedeceased, and volunteered
his testimony to the worth and the gentle
manly bearing of the departed Senator.
Mr. H oger spoke in an eloquent and in
pressive manner of the character of Mr.
Bates as a Senator. "Massachuset ts," he
said, "would find a successor, 'but hapoy
would it be for Maissachusetts," and hap
py for us should she find one of such sena
torial characteristics, of such honor, intel
ligence and arbanity?"
It struck every one as peculiarly proper
that the departhre of a Senator of what
may be termed the old sc'hool should be
thus spoketl of by the only temaining
Senator of that age and order, and it was
more particularly appropriate, inasmuch
as these Secators were of opposite politics
and belonging to States whose recent atti
tude toward. each other has been unfriend
The funeral ceremonies will take place
to-morrow. The Senate will probably be
detained here till Thursday.
No more nominations w~ill be made, but
monie are still unacted upon, mnd' t here are
also twvo communications bofore the Sen
ate from the State Department i-a relation
to Mexico- and Texas.
In-the absence of any official publica
tion as yet of the- appointments by the
President of the United States, confirmed
by the Senate, since the 4th of' March wve
have drawn together in the following' list,
for the benefit of our distant readers, atic~h
of the moat important oaes as- we could
AP1olWT~aNT BT THE PEREtDFtTi
By and sth t|e-adbiceand consent of the Senate.
James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, to be
Secretary of State. -
Robert J. Walker, of Mississippi, to be
-Secretary of the Treasury.
.W. L. Marcy, of New York, to be See
retaty of War.
George' Bancroft, of Massachusetts, to
be Secretary of the Navy.
Cavp Johnison, o( Tennessee,-to l'e Post
John Y. Mayson of Virginie,-to be At
Mexander Ea. Everett,o(-Massachusetts,
to be Commnissionei to China.
Beujamnin Q. Shields, of Alabama, to be
William H. Polk, of Tennessee, to be
Albert G. Jeweu, of Maine, to be Charge
Benjamin F. Butler, or New York, to
be District Attorney for the Southern Dis
trict of New York. .
Benjamin F. Purdy, of New York, to
he Surveyor of the P'ort of New York.
John Davis,' of Pennsylvania, to be
Surveyor of the Port of Philadelphia.
William Parmenter, of Massachusetts,
to be Naval Officer at Boston.
Prosper M. Wetmore, of New York, to
be Naval Agent at New York.
- Laughlin, of Tennessee. to be Re
corder of the General Land Office.
Robert Armstrong, of Tennessee, to be
Counsul at Liverpool.
J. V. Bradford, of Tennessee, to be a
Purser in the Navy.
J. H. Prentiss, to be Marshal for the
Northern District of New York.
Charles H. Hasiwell, Engineer in Chief;
and as Chief Engineers, John Faronjr.,
Andrew. Hebard, Jines Thompson, Win.
P. Villiamson, Charles B. Moss, Win.
Sewell, jr., and Win, W. W. Wood.
From the N. Y. Spirit of the Times.
We published a week or two since, a
most anusing story of one Judge Douglass,
'if Illinois, in which that gentleman having
accepted the hospitality of a large family,
occupying a single room, was obliged to
undress and " hop into bed," in the pre
sence of a young lady. This young lady
the Judge describes as a "Venus in linsey
woolsey-plump as a pigeon, and smooth
as a persimmon.*' The Judge himself was
"a small man physically speaking," and
the idea of going to bed before the young
lady-a modest. sensible girl, who from
habit, thought nothing of the circumstance
-turned his.head topsy.turvy. The idea
of pulling ff'his boots before her was death,
and as to doffing his other fixitns, he said be
would sooner have taken ofl' his legs with
a hand saw! At length the tremendous
crisis ifpproached. The Judge had par
tially undressed, entrenched behind a chair
which offered no more protection froim
" the enemy," than the rungs of a*ladder.
'then he had a dead open space of '.en
feet between the chair and the bed-a sort
of Bridge of Lodi passage, as lie describes
it, which he was forced to make, exposed
to a cruel 'raking fire, fore and aft, The
"Body, limbs, and head, setting up busi
iness on one hundred and seven an:J a half
pounds, all told, of flesh, blood and bones,
cannot, individually, or collectively, set up
any very ostentatious pretensions, I be
lieve the young lady must have been set
tlilg in her mind some philosophical point
on that head. Perhaps her sense of jus
tice wished to assure itself of a perfectly
f'air distribution of the respective motives.
Perhaps she did not feel easy till she knew
that a kind Providence had not added to
general poverty individual wrong. Cer
tain it was, she seemed rather pleasdt with
her speculations: for when I arose from a
stooping posture, finally, wholly disencum- i
bered of cloth, I noticed mischievous sha- i
dows play ing about the corners of her
mouth. It was the moment I had deter- i
mined to direct her eye to some astonish- I
ing circumstance out of the window. But I
the young lady spoke at the critical mo
ment. -.Mr. bouglass,' she observed,' * oui
hat'e got a mighty emall chance of legs
Men selom have an& notion of their
own powers. 1'never mode any preteni- I
sions to skill in " ground and lofty tumb-i
ling ;" but it is strictly true, I cleared at
one bound, the open space, planted myself I
on the centre of the bed, and was buried in I
the blankets in a twinkling,"
This story of Judge Douglass has sGg-c
gested to Field, of the St. Louis " Re-a
veille," the following adventure of a Mis
souri politician t
Trhe "gentleman from Illinois " is not
thie only gentleman whoae legs have led C
him into embarrassment ! A political
friends of ours, equally happy in his man
ners, if not in his party, among the Mis f
souri constituency. found himself, while F
canvassing the State, last summer, for a
Congress, in even) a more peculiar per- I
plexting predicament than the lilinoisjudge. I
There is a spot in the south western part b
of this State known as the Fiery Fork of a
Honey Run !-a delicious locality, no o
doubt, as the run of " honey" is ofcourse a
accompanied by a corresponding flow of ti
-"milk " and a mrixture of milk and honey, '
or, at any rate, honey and "peach" is the t
evidlence of sublunarf dotifentient, every I
place where they have preaching !
" Honey Run " is further christianiz'ed lI
by the presencee of an extremely hospitable a
family, wvhose mansion, comprising oneb
aparment-'neithcr more or less-is renostn- Il
ed for being uever shut against the travel- a
ler, and so out fienid found it during the e
chill morning air, at the expense of a rhen- a
matism in his shonider, its numerous an- d
aff'ected cracks and spaces clearly show-c
ing, that dropping the latch was a useless '
formality. The venerable host and hostess, ']
in their one apartment, usually enjoy the
society of t wo sons, four daughters, sundry *
dogs and" n iggers" and as many lodgers e
as mhay deem it prudent to risk the some- C
what equivocal allotment of sleeping part
ners. On the night imnquestion, our friend, I
after a hearty supper of harn and eggs, t
'and a canvass of Fiery Forkers, the oldt
lady having pointed out his becd, felt verya
weary, and only looked for an opportunity I
" to turn " though the' misquitoos were
trumping all sorts of wrath, and- net ap
peared to bar them. The dogs flung
themselves along the floor, or again rose,
restlessly, and sought the door step; thet
niggers stuck their feet in the yet warm
ashes ; the old man stripped,- unsc!rupu- |I
lously, and sot~ght his share of the one cols a
lapsed looking pillow, and sons, cavalierly,
followed his example leaving the old wo
man,-" galls " and stranger's, to settle any I
qguestion of dielicaey that might arise.
The candidate yawned, looked, at his
bed, went to the door, looked at-the daugh- a
ters; fiually in downright recklessness,
seating thimself upon the downy and pull-r
ing off his coat. .Well, he pulled off his I
coat, and-he folded hia coat, and then he :
yakvned,-and-then: he whistled, and-then t
he. called the old lady's attention to thec
fact, that it- would-never do-to sleep in his
rest, ad then be whistled again, san then'
muddenly, an idea of herlodgers possible
embarrassment seemed to flash upon the
Did woman, and. she cried
- Gal, jesi turn your backs roudd 'till
the stranger gets into bed."
The backs were turned, and the stran
ger did get into bed in less than no tite,
when the hostess again spoke.
"Reckon, stranger as you aint used to
us,'you'd better kiver up till the gals un
dress hnli'bt you '"
The nymphs were soon stowed away,
for there were neither bustles W unhitch,
nor corsets to unlace, when their mama,
evidently anxious not-to smother her guest,
considerably relieved him:
"You can unkiver now stranger; I'm
maeried folks,, an I you ain't afeard of me
The stranger happened to be married
folks. himself; he unkivered and turned
his back with true connubial indifference,
as far as the ancient lady was concernet,
but with regard to the gals, he declares
that his half raised curiority inspired 'the
most tormenting dreams of mermaids that
he ever experiented.
From thb Clarteston IMercury. V
MAsACHUSTTs AIND SOUTH CAMOLIA. -
We have published t he argument of one
of our own public men on the question of
our policeelaws in regard to colored per:
sone. It takes and sustains the grounds
on which we would rest the contruversy.
The subject has been handled els'.where
also. It was the matter of a lengthy de
bate in the U. 8 Senate on occasion of
the admission of Florida into the Union,'
the leading points of which %e shall pub-'
lish as soon as possible. In Massachu
ets there has been much discussion, not
all on one side. We have before us a zmall
parphlet, the work, it is said, of Mr. S.
D. Ward of Boston, which though it does
uot take the strong ground of argutnen(
which alone cas, satisfy us, is written in a
most liberal spirit. We quote a passage,.
uear the conclusion, -which might do good'
to both sides.
There are few States in the Union with
which any misunderstanding is more iobe
regretted by Massachusetts than with S.
Carolina. She is one of the Old Thirteen,
who -stood shoulder to shoulder with us
iuring the war of the Revolution. She
lurnished during that period of priva'ion
and danger, her full quota of wise legisla
ors, patriotic statesmen, and gallant offi
:ers. She.suffered as much and perhaps
more, daring that glorious struggle for in
!ependence, than any State in the Union.
She has sent, since that time, to the coun
:ils of the nation, legislators of the most
>rilliant and splendid talents, and has
nanfully redeemed in after years, the riclk
romises she gave in the early period- f
ier history. It is true she has not acqui
,seed so readily in the natiuial -policy of
he few past years as could have been
wished. But it is equally true that that
iolicy has pressed hard upon her, and it
would seem churlish indeed to deny to the
uffering' the comtmon privilege of ct
lanint. If she has striven to throw off that
>olicy, she has done no more perhaps, than
he right of self-preservationfWouldjusaify ;
tad if tie manner has sometimes been less
)rudent than it should have been, we think
ihe would meet with little difficulty in
inding a precedent among the records of
ier sister States.
The present difficulty between the t wo
tates is the more painful from the social
tnd friendly intercourse which has, until
vithin a few years past, sub~sisted bet'ween
heir capitals. Charleston and Boston
lave mained a closer and more friendly
nimacy than any two other Northern and
southiermi cities. In the days of the pros
eority of Carolina, when tier cotton plan
atious produced their harvest of gold, a
forthern summer was sure to bring to our
ity her fair daughter., her rich planters
od distinguished Statesmen ; her money
vas scattered with a free and generous
and, and the pains-taking inhabitants of
ur city are the richer this day, for her
areless and open hearted liberality. Our
reen hills and fruitful vallics, our quiet
skes and picturesque scenery, the co'i
>rtable ease and independence of our pen
he, were themes of never-ending praise
..d admiration. The Southerner loft us
a he would have left the home of his bro
ser, invoking blessings upon as. taking
is fligln at the sanme season with 'lhe birds
f passage, ud in flocks almost as numer
us. The Southern winter atlorded him
a opportunity of reciprocatting the hospi
slity he had received, nor was he back
rard in the discharge of hi. obligations
e nobly redeemed at home the pledges
e had given abroad ; his house, his table,
is horses and servants were all at the un
mited commanid of his Niorthern visitor;
bolifon' bad not then severed the tie that
ond him to his guest, he measured hts
indness with no stinted hand. We can
peak feelingly on the subject, for we have
iperienced the truth of the faint and un
stusfactory picture we have attemipted to
raw. Amongst all our youthful reminis
ences there are none so strong as the
iarm-hearted welcome of the Southerner.
'he day haar been' whee at the Southr it
ras recommend~ation enougn for the
tranger that he was a Bostonian. It is
ad to reflect how the state of things has
hanged ; that Massachusetts is now in the
'an-guard of those he esteems his roes;
bat he meets her citizens not as friends in
be festal hall, but as armed champions' in
be lists; and feels that at such a meeting,
a at that of the Southern low-lander and
be Scotch horderer, in former das: the
trife must be deadly.
The Legisfattire of Illnois closed its
Lnual session on the 3d instant; previous
au which the bill for paying the interest on
part of the State debt, and the bill ma-~
ing provision for comipleting the lilhinois
ad Michigan canal, (thie last bill being
nr-nied of thai part of the interest bill
rhich was at first rejected- by the Senate,)
,oth passed info laws.
Singular Fatality.NA British soldier
icidently fell into the water at Quebec,
Janada, a few days since, when a senti
el- walking by, hardily attempted to get
im out b. -reaehieg him the butt of his
riusket; Tshe drowning man grasped the
veapon, and in- his'-struggle it was dis
'harged,-the contents. of which entered
be head-of the uentineh,-and killed him in
- From the Charleston Patriot, Marth 16.
LETTER OF MR. CALHOUN.
The following reply was received from
Mr. Calhoun to the- invitation, thro' their
Chairman, Henry bailey, Esq., of the
.Comnittee of Fifty. t6 a public dinner:
. CHAIiESTON, 15th March, 1845.
Dear Sir-1 greatly regret that it is not in
my,power to prolong my stay sufficiently
fo accept the invitation so kindly tendered
by you, as the Chairman of the joint Com
mittee, appointed by the ~City Colincil and
the citizens of Ch-arleston, to partake of a
public dinner with the citizens of Charles
My arrangements will compel me to
leave your hospitable City to-morrow, for
my residence in Pendleton.
1 avail myself of the occasion to return
my heartfelt thanks to the City Council,
and the citizens of Charleston generally,
for this and the many other marks of res
pect which they have extended to me.
Jonever shall cease to remember them
'with the profoundest gratitude, while a
pulsation of.ny heart remai'ns. Never
had a public man such cause to be grate
ful to his constituents as I have to them
and the citizens of the State g'enerally.
It is my pride and consolation to be able
to say that after thirty six years of public
Services in various stations, and in passing
through many and trying scenes, their con
fidence had riever forsakeni me. If it has
been my fortune to render any service
worth remembering duriig that long pe
riod to the State or the Union, to them the
credii is due whose firm and unwavering
support never for a moment deserted nie
on that I ever relled with confidence, while
I followed the lead of Truth, Justice and
the Consitution ; and it was that -reliauce
whieh enabled me to pursue the course I
have without hrsitation or faltering steps.
With the highest respect,
- I am, &
(Signed) J. C. CALHOUN.
H. HAILEr, Esq.
Chairman of the Joint Committee.
From the Spartanburg Spartan
GREGG'S ESSAY ON DOMESTIC
"It being an enquiry into tzle expediency
of establishing Cotion Factories. in Sout!
Carolina." This is a well written and
well digested pimphlet, of some sixty pa
ges, devoted to the subject indicated by its
title. We have read this work with great
care and great interest, and -if Mr. Gregg
be right, and we do not say he is wrong,
it is well worthy of perusal, and alixious
consideration, by every South Carolinian..
Although, Mr. Gregg i6 a new teacher
ir. political economy, we are willing tus
learn from any, competent to itmpah in
frirmation. That there is much truth in k
his theories, we doubt not, but, that the
introduction of Cotton Manufactures into
South Carolina, would prove a sovereign
panacea for all the ills our people are la
boring under, we are not prepared to ad- I
But there is substantial ifoirmation t
these Essays; and, had such a pamphlet
been put into the possession of the public
ten years since, it would have saved the i
sacrifice of a large amoutit of property.
[I accounts, apparently satifactorily, for a
some things that have been an enigma to
us. We never could solve the riddle, how
we in the South. with innumerable advan- Is
tages over the North, could not prosecute, I
with success the manufacture of Cotton
Yarns and (Ifoth.
Mr. Gregg is right w ben he says oirerv
hody is road3 to point out the failure in ~
Cotton Manufactures, when the subject is e
birought before them for consideration, the A
failures beitng wvithout a solitary exception,
so far as we are informed. It is a true
some few small establishments have doune I
pretty fair, but that was because the I
owner acted as his own Agent, Machinist
and Overseer; and, we are happy to hear
that the unfortunate Vaucluse, in the
hands of 'its present ownters, is doimg a
good business, but it should be remnembered *
that, an es~ablishmttent of the capacity of ~
Vaucluse, would cost a niew Comupany, ri
miore than double :he amount that Mann- a~
factory cost Messrs. Jones and Gregg.
But. we suspeem the Stockhmolders of the
IRiv.intsville M1arnufacturing Comnpatny had a
hegun to find our, before the publication of d
Mr. Gregg's Essays, the causes of failures p
he indicates. WVe refer to thtis Establish- e
mnent, withim five miles of us, because we
know more of it and its Stockholders than
of any other establishmnent in the State.i
The Stockholder; have relied upon the
Ilomte Market, gud udder the miserable
credit system have found it a poor rel i
anco. The majority of the best informed '
of this Company, had come to thme con
clusion, that the Establishment was too E
small to make the business as profitable
as it could be made, and that tbe ho'De
market was no market at all. Should it
they follow their own experience and take C
Mr. Gregg's advice, we trust they may e
yet realize their former sanguine expec- e
Wte most cordially cowrmedd thtis pamaplh
let to the~perusal of every one desirotis of
obtaining valuable information. Where
in we should differ with Mr. Gregg is suf- ~
ficiently indicated in the preceeding arti
cle and need not be repeated. Still- we are
free to say that Mr. Gregg has given us si
important and desirable information, and di
we return him our unfeigned thanks. o
A Wrholesale Mterdrer.-The almost*
daily accounts from South America bring
fresh nows of the atrocities- of a monster
who it would scarcely be imagined existed
in the nineteenth centuryv. Gen. Rosas, the Ii
Dictator of the Argen tne Riepublic, still d
continued his work of blood and destrue. E
tion. The detaiJs, as published in an ablee
work by one Senor idarte, give the fol b
lowing result ef the wholesale murdersa
whrich Rosas has to answer-Died by pot
son, 4; cutting throats, 3,765; by shooting,
363; by the poignard, 732; in battle, 14,
920; and by various pirosecutions irecluding a
executions for desertion, and attempts to
desert, 1,600.-Phil. Chiron. a
Horrid Mfurder.--The subjoined extract i
of a letter received in Baltimore, gives an n
account of a horrid murder recently perpe. ti
trated. ' - P
LEKINGToN, March 6, 1845. ti
"Clifton R; Thompson and his brothor, C
Mr. J. Thompson had gone to Mount Ster- b
ling to attendi a suit in Court hatween C. ,d
I. Thompson and H. Daniel, which suil
as been continued from court to court by
he affidavitb of said Daniel, for a good
nany teris. He asked for a further hou
inuance in the case, an- to obtain it made
iflidavits to some things. Thompson Vias
leing heard by.ihe Judgeton the subject ol
i continuance, and accused Daniel of sta
ing a vile and false calumny in his atfida
Pit. At this moment Daniel rose and ob
ierved to him not to repeat that. Thomp
on', with his faee turned to the Judge, said,
'I do repent it;" at that rostant Daniel
Irew his pistol and fired-the ball passing
brough his body. killed him instantly.
)aniel mado ai effort to escape, but was
aken and hurried off to jail, or othrewise
ie wo uld have been murdered by the
nob. Public opinion seems to be very
nuch against hin, as it is looked upon as
to unprovoked and premeditated murder.
EDGEFIELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 26, 1845.
'We will ding to the Pillars of the Temple o
Our Liberties and if it mts' fall, we will per.
iAh amidst the Ruins."
COLD WEATHER.-For several days past the
reather has been uniisually cold and uncom
Drtable for tho season On Thurslay and
'riday mornings there was .good deal of ice.
Ve have had several ki linj frosts, and vegeta
on in cousequeice, is considerably retarded.
'tom what we can lehrn, the frmtat is much in
ured, if not nearly destroyed, and the forward
:rops of wheat and-corn greatly dnmaged. On
innday, the weader became somewhat warm
nd a rtain fell at night and continued on Mon.
FATAL RENcoNTRE.-I again becomes
ur painlu duty to record hnother fatal
ifray, which occurred on Moiday aist,
ear Ditnton's Post 0111ce, about nine miles
nrthwest of this Vill.age, between Mr.
'has. Price and Mr. Benjamin F. Joneis.
a whioh the latter was almost iisiantly
illed, by the discharge ofa shot gun in the
attds olr Mr. Price. We hav6 unici
tood the cause to be some family diflicul
es, but we forbear any remarks, as Mr.
rico came directly to this place for the
urpose of delivering himself into the hands
f the proper. authoritios. and will be tried
y a jury of his countrymen. Price is now
We also learn, that a similar occurrence
ok' place near Aikets. between a Mr.
uckhalter and a Mr. Taylor, In which the
itter was dangerously wounded, and at
itest dates wat not expected to recover.
We are indebted to Mr. S. A. Holmes,
f Augusta, through Mr. T. Crooker, for
spies of the Regents Daughtter and Arthur
As many of our readers -knowv, Messrs. Cal
atn antd McDuffie have fetufned to their
amnea in South Carolius.
U. S. Senator from Pennsylziinia.-On the
2th instant, thte Legislature of Pennsylvauia
lected Simorn Cameron to the United States
enatet to. fill the vacancy -occasiolied by the
esigntiton of Mr. Butchanana, who has been
poinited by Mr. Polk, Secretary of State.
The Legislature of North Carolina recently
>proprg' d the ananual sitm or five thoeusand
alars, rout the 1st or May next, for the sup
rt of a deaf and dum asyinmu, to be establish
I at kaleigh.
Thao following gentlemen were, on the 10th
st. elected Ditectors of the Biank of Huntburg:
H . Htutchinson, b. L. A dams, J. W Stoekes,
.Parrott, W. W. Starke, Geo. W. Garmany,
J. Blackw bod.
At a mteetinag of the Boatd, H-. Hntehinson,
sq., wan un~animously re-elected Presidert.
The H~amburg Republican says, the followv.
g gentlemen hive been appointed by the City
ouncil of Auguasta, Commissioners for the
mstructiront of a Canal from Bull Sluce to thalt
Henry A. Cumming. Julhn Phinizy, Senor.,
hn P. King, James Harper, John H. Manan.
htnles J. Jonkmns, Andrew J Miller, William
E. D'Antia ac, Johna Barnes.
Tle Augutsta Coastituationalist of March 20th
lys, the Canal Conmmissioners appointed by
e City Council. met on Tuesday last, and
eganized thtemselves as a board by the choice
'Col. H- H . Cummiag as President, and. Mr,
illiamn Phillips as Secretary.
ORATIoNt OF H EaaY L. PZNCLKNEY.-A friend
us sent us a pamphlet copy of ana "Oration
livered before the Literary Societies of the
outh Carolina College," on the 3rd of De
rotber. 1844, by Henry L. Pinkney, a mem
er of the Claric~sophaic Society. In pursn.
ace of a resolution passed by the Clariosophic
ociety, it has been published. It issued from
ie letter press of Mr. I. C Morgan. It is
etly printed in a clear large type.
The subject of the Oration is "The neces
ty of popular enlightenment to the honor and
elfare of the State." In his Oration. Mi.
inckney notices the objection whichi has been
ade~ against literary institutions supported by
e State. He shows that the Suate has the
ower to establish a system of public instruc.
n. -He shtows that the establishment of a
ollege or other institutions of learning, is em
raced within the scope of the legitimate and in.
sptable fnctins of thn. Legislature. He
iiotices another objection which has been made
against a State Institution. The objection is N.
"that the Legislature nets unjustly in compell
ing those to support this Institution, whose chil
dren are not educated here, or in other words1
taxing one portion of the community, for the
He says, "This argument defieats itself, be
cause irit avails any thing against -he patron,
age of learning by the State,it is equally fatal
to many other objects of great utility and value,
which d,-pend for their existence on the public
purse. From the nature of things no indi
vidual or class of society can receive an imme
diate or direct advantage from every application
ofthe public revenue. If no expenditure was
allowed except those, the fruits of which are
partaken equally by all, it is evident that liitfe
or no good comparatively could be effected by
the State." He says. that all classes are amply
compensated for their contributions to a Col
lege established 6Y the Legislaiure in the moral
ahii intellectual improvement of the State at
large, and in the perfeci assurance which is af
forded of the promotion of regulated freedom
to theniselves,.and of its transmission to suc
ceeding generations." He -refutes another ob
jection, which is, that the case of education,
would W4 best promoted, if taken 'romi the
Legislature and entrusted to the judgment of
the people. However properly dlgposed pri
Yate individuals may be, Air. P. says, ihey are
unable to act with tha't oncentration and effi
ciency which the.cause requires, and which
can be exerted only by the power of the. Statei
"They might-establish literary lnstitu
tions of a minor character, and dependent
upon particular associaiions-for t heir maid
tenance.'but in vain would we look for 1i
college worthy of the name. Through.
opt theUn ion, all the colleRes of the hight
est grade and reputation, have beedi estab
lished by ihe constituted authorities of tht
States in which they exist."
He dwells upon the great benefit which.thd
State has already derived from the College.
*ie says. whilst advocating a system of publid
instruction, he is not opposed to literary znmti
tutions of a private character, hut directly the
"State'patronage leaves-ample rorn for
the operation ol'private enterprise, whethei
undertaken by associations or individuals,
and whether it appear in the form of Col
legei or Schools. As many tributaries
unite to constitute the great flather of riv
ers. so all the Seminaries of learning do
.opbrAie in the general productio-n of a flood
of ligh'm. Thtn let 'then all be sustained
J.o the uttermost possible extent. Let the
Legislature and. Ite people vie with eapLhi
other in (14is e'alted 6bject of patriotic em
ulation. het them f'el, nud act upon tie
prinriple, tmal liternty instittuliois* are
lfountains of excellence, 'rom which piety
and knowledge are constnmtly issuing 'to
regeverate society, cud tlmt however they
may differ in qoality o0 power, they still
move together, like connueut streams, all
contributing to the general diffusion of in
telligence and virtue, even as the .stars,
however differing in brightness, contribute,
respectively. to the glory of the firinament.
Nor.let it be supposqd, tha ' oca
ting public instructioniI,'laIitOid . ld Se
to the cultivation of the mind alone. On
the contrary. the improvement of the in
tellectual faculties, im portant as it is, ougla
to be regarded ais only secondary to the
improvement of the mtoral. It is lame
table, in a Christian cotmmnunity like ours,
and in the enli~thtened ace in which we
live, that any scheme of education should
be permiittedl, which knows no religion,
but the ancient mythology, nor any code of
ethics, bum the crude philoseophmy of pagan
sages. As it is much more importaitt
that men shtould he goo-d thtan great, so
our youth shoutld be carefully imbned with
the prinecipl~es of virtue, and- not merely
qualified for the serular purposes of lire.
Mental accom;'lishemeats alone, afford no
security againist individual, or popular cor
-Thme last consideration that I shall
urge, is the equally useful tend ornatmental
character of learning. Who can estimate
the difference between civilization and sav
agism-between the refinement of a Eu
ropean cify, and thme crepucutlar light of
an-African hotrdc-bet ween t he American.
nation, as it now stands in all i's spleimedor
aud its power, and the aboriginal inhabi
tants of this continent as they gazed with
wonder at the appearance of Columbutst
What is there great or good, elegant or
useful,. for which manekind are not indebted
to the intluence of learning ? It has rear'
ed up cities, and founded emnpit es. It lia
conqttered the earth, the sea, and the air,
and subjected thenr alli;o the will of man
It has filled the earth net only with com
forts, but with luxuries-not oniy with.
needless thtings, but with an endless var'
ety of pleasures. It has perfected, equally,
the art of war, and the arts of peace. It
regulates the movements of -armies, andf
controls the destinies of nations. It cnavi
gates the ocean, spans the cataract, and
reclaims the forest. It elevates vallies,
and depresses hills. It introduces nations
to each other, and imparts to all the peeu
liar products and comrmodities of each.. It
unfolds the mysteries of nature, and teacht
es man to "look through nature up to na
ture's God." It enchains the -lightoing-,
converses with the stars, and traces com
eta in thteir fearful course. It stabjects the
elements to its power, and rides, -like a
conqueror., over earth and sea, by the ma
gic power of' resistless steam. It is seen
in the canal, the tunnel, and the aqueduct.
It is seen in the elegant mansion, and the
noble ship,'in the commanding fortr
and the lofty spire. It is seencn h
breathing canivass, and the speaking mr
ble. It is seen in the wisdom of phios
phy, the usefulness of history, and the el
gance of poetry. It cnlls up the sparttof
the mighty dead, and makes us acquainted
with the master-minds of every age and
nation.- It travels- with the traveller, and
accompanies the adventurotns explorer-in
his voyage of discovery. It instructs us
in the customs andi religion; the laws and I
polity, of every people upon earth, It do
velopes the arcana of the human mind,
and the wonderful structure of the human
frame. It restores health, and prolong
existence. It aseertains the causes of' dis
ease, applies a remedy to every ill, and vin
dicates the divinity of' the, healing art.- -ft