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FeM the N. 0. Picaune, 15th us1.
NEWS FROM MEXICO.
Twelee days later from the Capitol.
The long expected schooner Water Witch
Capt.Trennis, arrived at tbis port yester
day morning from Vera Cruz, which
place she left on the 51b inst. She brings
.letters- and papers as late as, due:-from
the city of Mexico dur files come down to
the 31st of July. just twelve days later
than were received by the Relainpago.
Mexico bas not yet declared w ar against
the United Statesi although 'she received,
by the British brig of war Persian, full in
telligence of the action of Texas upon tbe
propositions made to her for annexation,
and some rumors of active military move
ments on the part of -the U. States.
Not only had there been no declaration
of war, or even of commercial noi-inter
course, but we can fir.d not one word in
our ample files to show that any military
operations have yet been resolved upon
by Mexico. The story that 10,000 men
- were soving towards Texas, with a view
of its re-conquest, must be purely rumor.
But let us see what the Government has
On the 21st of July the Ministers of
Foreign Relations, Senor Cuevas. and of
the Treasury, Senor Luis de Ia Rosa, ad
dressed most impoltant communicaitions
to the Chamber of Deputies. The gen
eral tenor of the. first document.is a fol
lows: "The Government, in' full council,
having deliberated upon toe questions in
volved in ihe annexation of Texas to the
American Union-having. weighed well
the evils consequent upon the interruption
of peace, and yet the greater evils which
the Republic would suffer if its outraged
honor and the violation of its territory
cannot find protection by the ordinary
medus established by the law of nations
has unanimously- determined to resort to
the extreme measure of war with the U.
States. The Government has weighed
well the responsibility of taking sdch a
step, noiwithstanding the repeated provo
cations offered by the United Siases, espe
cially as the quepi.an of peace would seem
to devolve naturally upon the new admin
istration about to come into power.; but the
actual Government. has not sought to ap
pear liss resolved upon a just and national
war. than it has shown itself disposed to.a
worthy and honorable peace.
The Government continues adopting
the most efficacious means for the recon
quest of Texas. If it has not done all
that it could wish, it has done at least all
in its power, and the Chamber should not
doubt either its zeal or patriotism. And
now the Government comes forward to
propose the necessary financial measures
which should naturally precede any mea
sure of hostility. . .
Thereupon, tie President directs the
Secretary to lay before the Chambers the
following propositions. resolved upon in
full con cil of his ministers: .
-1st. From the moment in which the
Government shall learn that the Depart.
meat of Texas has annexed itself to tire
American Union, or that the troops of
Union have invaded Texas, it will declare
the nation to be at war with the United
States of Notth America.
"2d. This war shall be conducted with
- a view to preserve the integrity of the
Mexican terrritory under its ancient boun
daries, as they have been acknowledged
by the United States In treaties from 1628
down to 1836, and to secure the- national
Thus writes the foreign Secretary , the
communicationl of him of the Treasury ts
most definite and important. and we give
a full translation of it:
M1ost Excellent Sire-On the 19th of
April Jast I had tthe honor of presenttng
to the Chamber a plan in which were pro
posed various measures wI icth the Gov
ernment thought proper to be adopted to
obtain the means requisite for carrying on
the war with Texais. There was then
some hope entertained that the efforts of
the Governmtent might enable it to avotd
a war and its unhappy consequences. All
such hope is now' lost forever, andi there. is
no choice for Mexico between degrada
tion and infamy on the one hatnd, and war,
with all the calamities and disasters itn
'separable from it on the other. Mexico
has been provoked into this niar, and for
a long sertes of years has endured this
provocation. At this day she wtould be
unworthy of preserving the land cnquer
ed by the blood of our fathers, if she did
not arm and rise upen masse to oppose atn
iniquitous aggression, to defend her na
tionality, and to make herself respected
as an independent people. The time is
. passed for discussing the incontetable
* rights of Mexico in the Texas -question ;
the tirne for action has arrieved, and to act
-promptly and decisively, for sustainitig
national cause before the entire world,
which is now looking upon us, and which
will continue to fix its regards upoc us, to
see if we are worthy of forming a nation,
or do indeed deserve to be cottquered like
bordes of savages. The Government can
not nowv resist the impulse of its duty and
its patriotic sentimentts, nor the unanimous
wishes of the nation, impelled by neces
sity into a wvar, The Mitnister of Foreign
Affaires has already brought forw ard the
plan (initiative) of the Government, and
wvithout doubt the National Congress will,
adopt it, in onedieuce to the vouice and
wishes of the Republic. But the Govern
ment is now called on to rapeat that whtichz
it avowedens the 19th of A pril: that eve
r-ything ts prispared and tmatured for war,
anJ that pecuniary resources are alone
.wanting to earry in immediate execution
the design. of the Government. ,The
necessity for these resources are now ur
gent, and the Republic will risk its politi
'cal existence if it defers granting -them for
many days. These retources shonld- be
ample, they should be proportioned to
the, magnitude and urgency of the 'ex
penses entailed by a foreign war. 'rhe
funds necessary for this war cannot he
measured by common, by ordinary means-..
-The situstion of 1.he treasury demands
that it should he supplied by extraorditna
ry myeasures, and, at the same time, mea
sures so. burdensome as under no other
cirems tances wvould 6e supportable. A
national or foreign loan of $15.000,000 is
the only medus which .offers for carrying
otn the war with glory and a happy, issue,
thereupon, 1which the policy of nationa
yieldsjas a right to a people-to be in
demaifed for the expenses and sacrifices
of a war which has been iniquitously
The proposal of this loan may serve
as a new pretext frr unjust-opposition to
the Government; its ministers will appeal
to the nation, to the tribunals, and to the
entire world, tojustify themselves agsinst
any calumnious imputation-but now the
question for-the administration is not how
to save itself. but how to save the Repub
lic. The Governmnat, in compliance
with its duty, and with the-dictates. of its
conscience, repeats, then, in the bosom of
Congress, that the national independence
is in danger. nod that Mexico will inevita
bly suffer all the evils of a foreign inva
sion, if it 'ot concede to this Govern
ment the authority necessary to negotiate
the loan of fifteen millions of dollars, with
the least possible disadvantage to the na
tion. The Government will go further,
and declare its conviction that the author
ity which it asks should predede every
other measure which Congress may adopt
in regard to the grave question of Texas,
with which it is about to be occupied a
new, There are without doubt some ne
cessary restriciions to be imposed upon.the
Government in making use of this author
vty; but to fix these bolongs rather to the
wisdom of Congress than to the Gevern
ment. I can only assure Congress that
the funds which the Government mtty
succeed in obtaining for the war will be
religiously appropriated to the sacred'ob
ject to which the nation demands them to
be consecrated-to the derence of its hon
or and the preservation of its independence.
I conclude by proposing fbr the delib
eraion of the august Chamber of Depu
ties, the initiative (or plan) comprehended
in the foilowing propositions
. First,-The Government is authorized.
to contract a national or foreign loan,
which shall realize to the 'treasury an ef
fective total in cash of fifteen millions of
. Secotidly,-For the ultimate seerity
of this loan; and for 'the payment of the
interest -upon it, the Governient shall
hiypothecate'all the revenues of the nation
whicb.. by law are not. hypothecated to
Thirdly,-The Government shall give
an account to Congress. for its informa
tion, of every loan which it contracts by
virtue of this authority, and a notice of
the objects to which the products of the
said loan may be appropriated. .
I entreat your Excellencies-to commu
nicate the above exposition to the august
Chamber, accepting the assurances of my
Mexico, July 21st, 1845
LUIS DE LA ROSA.
To their Excellencies the Secretaries of
the Chamber of Depuiies.
This rather-cloquent appeal to the pat
riotism of the Deputies had not been act
ed upon by them so far as ive can learn
by our files, notwithstanding there is a ru
mor in town that the loan demanded had
been granted. We do not doubt that it
may be, more especially as no one ap
pears to entertain any idea that the mo
ney can be obtained. El Siglo Die:: y
Nuete, which has usually most ardently
sustained the Adiinistration,'in the pres
ent iuntance opposes the idea of any dec
leration of war. It holds that war has
already been virtually declared from the
moment that the United States passed the
measure of Annexation; that -the subse
uent action of Texas has nothing to do
w'ith the qucstiou as betwecn Mexico and
us; and that the two couttries are nowv at
wvar-an oflettsive wrar on the part nf the
Atnerican Union, and strictly defen~sive
on thte part of Mexico. It contends tha'
Mexico shttuld observe her treaty stipulIa
tions towards our merchants, as those oh a,
ostile nation, and that there is no occa
sion to proclaim a war, which can he done
t any moment or not at all, being a mere
matter of form. Many Mtexicatts accede
o this reasoning, and there are letters in
town which wvould itnduce the belief that
there will be no formal declaration of war,
but that the most strenuous exerlions in
the power of Mexico wvill be employed
to reconquer Texas. This, of course,
nould not in the least retard or otherwise
affect the measures of resistance to an in
vasion of Texas which the United States
is boutnd to take.
A great numbe- of Mexicans-some of
hem "veterans of Independence," retired
military men, Gent. Altmonte. and oven
Canalizo, the ex President now in con
inement 'at Perote-arc coming forward
n crowds to proffer their services to the
Government, to carry on the wvar in so
ust a cause. Yet we Cannot but believe
that there is more.Mexican gascotnade in
all these - proffers than a real destre to
The citizens of the .capital heard on the
28th uht., by way of Vera Cruz. that 3,
000 infantry. 600 cavalry, and some pie
ces of light artillery from the army-of the
United States were about to rendezvoos
on the west bank of the Rio Bravo, to
gether with 1000 Texans. They knewv
not whether to credi: this news or not,
but awaited in all confidence intelligence
that the Mexican army of observation has
thoroughly flogged this force, if it has re
ally made so atudacious a move. At all
events, the editors declare that the hour
for the struggle has ariived.
Capt. Trennis reports that when be left
Vert Cruz there z as no American vessel
in port. On his second davy out (thte 7th
inst.,) he saw an American vessel of war
bearing towards Vera Cruz; but from the
distance he could not make her out
There were lying at Sacrificois one Eng
lish, one Spanish and one French vessel
of war when the WVater Wiich sailed, and
the American squadron was motmentarily
From the N. 0. Picayune, 16th inst.
FURTHER MEXICAN ITiEMS.
In saying yesterday that the propositions
of the llezican Minister for a loan- of
$15,000,000 had not been acted upon by
the Chamber of Deputies. we intended
to say tbat they had niot been acted upon
fnally. We had befote us a p.-tper con
taining their proceedings on- thte 30th nIt.,
which related wvholiy -to this loan. The
cmnittee to whom the Ministet-'s project
had been referred, made their report
Minister's demands,.nder certaill restitu
tions. These are not of great moment,
but may be or some interest just now.
The committee recommend-that tie loin,
should be either national or foreiga, dr
buth;' they would limit the rate of interest
to be paid to 6 per cent.; would allovr'io
loan from which less than one million in
cash should be realized by the. treasury;
and would carefully provide that no bonds
secured by pledge of the pdblic revenues,
d-ould be issued, l'qAre the whole nomi
nal amount of them shall be actually re
caived into the treasury in cash. Those
familiar with Mexican finance w-il readi
ly see the drift of this last.restricion. It
is ..necessary to enter furthur into this
subc, till the final action of the cham
ber ,s known.
Extract of a lette'received in this city. da
ted KE WEST, Aug. 13, 1845.
"The news frbm Vera Cruz via Ha
vanna, is of a very belligerent-n.atre. The
President of Mexico has recommended to
the Legislative Chamber, an immediate
declaration of war. .Our government also
has been wide awake; within a few- days
past, the steamer Princeton, sloop of war,
John 'Adams, brigs Washington -aian Ma
rion, liave passed this. port, bound to the
westward, to reinforce the Gulf. squadron,
which. together, will..form a force strong
enough to blow. the Castle of- St.Juan de
Ulioa out of water. We have,.no proteC
tion here at all, not even a RevenueCut
ter. . The news from Vera COrbz. is up to
be 2d Augut,which is much later,I ex
pect, than you. have in Charleston. :The
fortifita lions here progress veryjs1owly
the Captain of Engineers. ha-viog lost-his
principal draughtsman,- Mr. Leyer, a young
Polander ofrgreat pronise-he wss-thought
a great dealofl by'.he CorpsqfoEngineers
as a draughtsman. -e died a few days
ago of (lysentary,,a very prevnlotat com
plaiut here in.sumper.--Patriot, 20th inst
From the N...Y- Hierald,.18th inst.
TEN DAYS;LATER FROM EU
A RRIVAL OF THE STEAMER HIBERNIA.
The steamship Hibernia, Capt. Ryrie,
arrived at Boston yesterday noon. hav ing
made the passage. in less than. twelve
days. She brings ten days later. intelli
gence.. The news is not of mnch inpor
Large sales of cotton at- previous pri
The Cotton market is not so active,
but prices are without change. The low
erqualities of American are being forced
upon the market.
Mr. M'Lane, the netily appointed min
ister from the United States of America
to this Court, has arrived at Thomas' Ho
tel, Berkley square.
The annexation of Texas to the United
States, has not at all excited. surprise.
- Mr.- Jenifer, the Minister at Vienna,
from the United States, has reocived his
order of recall.
From Mexico.-In another column. cop
ied from the New Orleans Bee and Couri
er, we give Pome additional items of news
from Mexico, brought to thai port by the
There appears to be little d'oubt. from
the complexion of the recent intelligence
from Mexico. that a collission- must even-.
rally take place hetween the Meican
Government and the U. States. Whether
it will occur in the shape ofa formal dec
laration of ar on the part of the for'ner,
or by a forcible attempt to.prevent the oc
ciupation of Texas by the A merican forces,
should make nto differettce in the course of
policy to he pursued by our Government.
We had sufficient experience during the
progtress of tbe Floarida war to learn that a
tempornsing and changeful policy is but a
wasteful expenditure of blood attd treasure,
w hile it perils 'he reputation of tlte country.
The Mexican war once began and-the most
energetic atnd certain measures should he
adopted to bring it to a speedy 'itd suc
essful close. An army shotuld be raised
and t he services of the most efficient officers
called into requisition, to proceed at once
to the scene of action in sufficieit force to
conrquer any army that Mexico can possi
bly bring into the field. A strong naval
force should be put into immediale commis
ston to act iu concert with the.land troops.
and within ninety days we have little
doubt that Mexico will sue for peace, as the
only meatns of preventing her territory
from becoming a dependency of these U3.
States. Let the Administration -but move
promptly, atd there will be but one voice
us to the correctness of its course. The
dignity of the country demands it. Justice
will sanetion it, and the people will ap
prove it.--Chas. Courier.
Orders have been reeeived at Norfolk to
fit out the U. S. frigate Congress for sea
Franklin C'ollege, Athens, (Ga.)-T he
annual commencemetnt exercises of this
intitution began on Monday and closed on
Friday last. Samuel J. Bailey, of Barn
well, S. C., took part in the Junior Exhi
bition, delivering an address on "The adap
ttion of Means to the End"-and also
John Rennie Blake, of A bbeville, S. C..
whose subject was--"The Importanlce of
Correct Principles." ''he exercises of the
graduating class took place on Wednesday.
llThe first honor was divided among three
graduates, viz. Ed.P. Palmer. of Beaufort
District, S. C., Geo. C. Whvatley, tf Paul
rling cotunty, Ga.. and WV. Louis Jonies, of
Lberty county, Ga. M lessrs. Pahncr and
Whaley delivered Valedictory Oratiotns.
The second honor wn~ awarded to Thlos.
G. Pond, of Columbus, Ga., who delivered
the Latin Salutatory addresses, an an ora
tion on 'Oglethorpe, the soldier; the states
man, the philanthropist." The degree of
A. B. was conferred ott 16 graduates--be
sides the South Carolinians above named,
WV. T. Bailey, of Barnwell District, S. C.,
also received the degree of A B. The de
gree at A. M. was conferred 13 gradurtes
of the institutiotn, and on James Camak,
B.and M. D., an alumnus of Nassau H all
College; New Jersey ; and the H~ono.rary
Degree of D. D., on the Rev- S. S. Davis
ofrSouth Carolina. antd the Re'.. Ed ward
Nurville, of Georgia. The. annual ora
tion,- before the two literary societies of the
College was delivered on Friday, by the
Rev. B. M. Palmer, Jr., of Columbia, S.
C. The Cormcnrcman, Sronn was de
N. F. Pratt, of Ronvell, wuibn county, Ga.,
from Gal vi. 10. "As we have, therefore,
opportunity, let us do-good unto all men."
On Thursday afteruoon the oration, hefore
the Alumni Society, was delivered by the
Rev. Thomas F. Scott. of Marietta, Ga.
His subject was -Mental Philosophy in
relation to the Science of.Goverunmet."
EDGEFIELD C. H1.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1845.
We will ding to the Pillars of the Temple o
Our -Liberties. and if it must-fall, ie Will per
ish amidst the Ruins."
As money istiry sarce, and the drought has
ct off the prospect of the Planter and Farmer,
we. have come to the conclusion, to reduce ouw
tenhms tosuit the tmes. In future, we will put
the Advertiser to Clubs at the following-low
For 5 copies for ona year, $10 in advance,
10 - '17 50 '
1, IE & 24 00
'"20 " - " 30 00
Eithe'r of our presentsubscribers will be taken
as one of the above CItibs.
We hope our friends will exert thenselves
in our bebalf. and try to get us a few more sub
scribers, as, we ge at this time very much in
wantof the needful.
To our delinquent subscribers we. have afcu
words to any. We have waited long and pa
tiently on you. bit we cannot, and will notswail
much longer. All who are indebted to us- for
more than one year, either for Subscription,
Advertising or Job work, and who fail to pay
us. before the 1st of October next, will find their
accounts in the hands of those, wbo will add a
little cost to their old accounts.
THE EDGEFIELD MECHANIC'S WASH
ingtonian Society, ivill meet on Monday
The public generally are invited to a:
THE. WEATHER.---Since our last, some fine
showers have fallen in this neighborhood. On
Suitday tight and Monday there was a heavy
full of rain. at this place, and in. the vicinity.
Corn, peas and potatoes will be benefited con
Cons.-We learn fiom highly. respectable
unthority, that during the present week, 21,000
bushels of corn of excellent quality, were re
ceived in Charleston, aid can be bolght now
for cash, at fro 6u2 to 68 cents, or on a
credit for four months, with interest from date,
by giving city acceptance. A sufficient quai
tity will be kept constantly on, hand, until the
wants of the country are supplied.
We earnestly advise'our pliterswho have
made short crops, and all othuers, who may need
corn, to supply themselves at once, either in
Charleston or elsewhere. Corn can be de'liv
crd by Rail Road in llambiirg or Aiken at 8
ents per bushecl. We call the atteittion of onrn
r&iders to bhe iadvertiseiment of .ilr.J S. Ryan,
of Charlestoii, who uiffers a quanmity of Corn
and Hay for sale.
EAGLE AND Pnosix H-rE.- .Ye Call the
attention of our readers to the advertisement
of Mr. Frazier. From all accounts his House.
the U S. [Hotel. isone of the best that ha~s ever
been kept in Augusta, iiid we have no doubt
that the Eagle anud Phioix will be eveni better.
This is a strong recoinmendation for all trav
ellers to visit him-those from o-ar side of the
river hiave an addilional inducement in know
ing that 'Ir. Fitzier is a South Carolinian,
red and born
SouTusas QUARTERLY REvuzw.--We in
tended somte time since, to give a notice of the
!uly number of the Sonthiern Quarterly Re
view. Bitt as we neglectcd it, we will do so
now. The followving~is the list of the articles
in this number :
Article I. The Exploring Expedition; 2nd,
Writings of Washington Irvinug; 3rd, The Ro
ia Law; 4t1., Thie Agrjicultural Prospects of
South Carolina ; her Resources andl her True
Policy; 5th, An Issue with the Reviewer of
Notts ''Caucasian and Negro Races," 6th,
The Northern Pacific ; California. Oregcn and
the Oregon Question; 7th, Critical Notices.
From the above it will be seen, that the sub
jects treated'of in the Review, are of a most
diversified & highly interesting character. All
the ar ticles are respectable. and some of theem
evince considerabile hbility In them will be
found much useful information to the saholar,
the man of b'usiness, arid the general. reader.
We know of no literary journal, which treats
iu subje.cts so generally of interest to the
Southerni people. It always defends their insti
tutions and their peculiar policy ini a highly able
and independenit manner. Many. of the best
writeuzi of the South, are among the contritbu
tors tio this work hint the Review,. is not sec
tional. Though eminently Southern in its
politics, it frequently contains literary articles
of general interest. It is much to ~e desiredi,
hat its circulation should be more widely ex
teided,anid that it should not be suf'ered to
languish and finally to perish for the want oif
adequate support. As many of our readers
know, it has succeeded the 'Southern Review,'
which waus so admirably conducted by the Ia
meited Legare. May It not be doomed to an
early extinction, like that bright star, but may
it longeontinue to shted its light on all the dark
tlaces of'our wide extended land.
The first articlein the Review gives a length
en.., notice of the first tree ontmn ofn nar
promising an appearance as t'ey do at
preseut.-P. 0. Bee, 10th inst.
Wheut Crcp.-The wheat crop of the
present year has not only been an abun
dant one as to quantity, but is likewise re
narkable'for the, excellence of its qualfty.
In - tb4 valley of the Susquehanna the
products of numerous farms have been
found to .weigh sixty-eight- pounds per
Bushel. In' Frederick countp, Md., the
crop of one farm recently sold to a miller
weighed 68 to 69 pounds per bushel.
For the Adtert ijer.
Mr. Editor,-Having beeu requested by
some brethren" who, were eyewitnesses.
and inrinisters bFthe word$' to prepare a
brief statement of a remarkable work of
grace, in the Calliham's 'mll church in
the Edgefield 'aptist Association; it af
fords me- pleasure, to record it, and I hope
-that- the following statement.will find a
plaie in thecolumsuof your paper.
"'j~h~ ' - M. CHILES.
-.Wha ath. Ge Wro , n the
Saturday before rue la'Lord'sdayli. this
month, tbe Brethren Z. Watkins and A
P. Norris, Missionaries-inh 1'e6:-sredrvi
ion of the Edgefeld Bajtisr s in
commenced a m'tiuigathe abave.name
church, in comisay with boiligD' D -
Bruuson, the present :tpply,.4he C-a 4
gregation.was unusuallyargfoiih s U
dray of such a meeting and remarkibiy ati
tentive to the preaching of :he word.- A
~eeting held wtth the Phembraniah cinecf
in. the adjoining 'nieighb.hIliod t '' ks
previous,.and cointiilg for Mmi had
prepared the Mis oftpeople .o this
meeting, though 'atthi time'no great a p
parent good had been prduced. -The'l -
bors of the -ministers wet. directedon the
first, day of the moeting tohe mei brs -
of the church. Ai the close- of thi. ser
vice two. were received into shrisian el
lowship, who bad :experienaed a change
some time previously.- 00 this day ;he
church entered-into a Ienant to en
in.-earnest prayer -at tbe .ging' doirVai'.4o
twe sun.:fdr the' le-ssigrof Gdf uponth
meeting, The' servicesuon-the- fjord
day were peculiarly solemn.- At the elose
-ol the services in the, forenoon, anjvita
tion was given tothosejir the. congrega
lion who desired0 an interest in thepray
ers of GoQl's people, which was accepted
by a large number. who approached near
-the pulpit deeply distressed on the-account
of' their sins. Ia inhe afternoon the num
oer was increased, and at an inquiry meet
ing it was ascertained that several:bad
obtained hop. in Christ.- An opportunity
was aflorded those who desired to unite
wtth the church, to relate the'dealigs 'of
kGod with -their souls,-'on the third. day,
wneu five related a satisfactory experience
and were cordially received. into christian .
fellowstuiip. The meeinggreatly increas
ed in soterest,. and on Wednesday the AM .
day, 23 more were received by experience -;v
and 3 restored. On the seventh day 26
more related their experiences to the
church and were received, and I by let
ter. On. the. next Lord's the meeting
closed under interesting circumstances,
the whole'numlier received by experience
and baptism was 60, 10 by restoration,
and 1 by letter. Of this nutmber it is.be
ieved there were none undir fifteen, and
but one over thirty -five years of age...r
T bat individual, supposed to be fifty years
of age' had been severely afflicted with
paralysis for some ten- monIhs, during
which time he obtained a hope in Christ,
and at this meeting was conveyed in his
carriage to the water side, and assisted by
friends was placed in an armed chair in
the water, where he wvas immersed upon
professioni-of his faith in Christ, A large
number of the converts were yonng men,
who it is hoped will become active and
useful members of the church. A nunt
her also were young females of whom the
same hope is entertained. One of whom
immediaiely after her union with the "
church cotmmenced her "laiors of love,"
in encouraging her young friends in seek
ing the Lord, wshich effbrts were owned
of the Lord in producing a good eff'ect.
No extraordinary excitement occurred
among the people or preachers, hut a deep
solemnity and ardent desire to hear- the
word characterized the state of feeling
among the people, and the preaching' of
the gospel in its simplicity characterized
the services of the ministers.
The church whom the Lord has so a
bundantly blessed, was the church in
which onr aged father in the gospel, Rey.
Samuel Cartledge, lteld his membership
until his deat-b, of which he had been the'
supply for up wards of fifty years..
F~or some twvo or three years past, this
church had been in-a deplorable state;
difficulties of a serious nature existed a
amongst several of the members, and u
til'-the present year, had for some consid
erable titne been desttte or a regular
supply in tbe ministry of thne word. The
work w' rought among them has removed
these difficulties it is hoped, and taught
peace and harmony in their midst. "'Ob.
that men would .praise, the Lord for his
goodness and for his wonderful works to
the children of men." - J. M. C.
P. S. Interesting meetings have. heen
held at several other churches within the
bounds of the Association, during which
a goodly numb~er were added to the church
such as we trust shall be saved.
Health of thme City.-Notwihstanding
the protracted drought. the very low stage
of the river, and the indication of sick
ness in this neighborhood, our city remains
very healthy thus far. Causes not inci
dent to the locality of the place, did a
few weeks ago, produce a fatality among
some two or three persons here, but since
these have passed away, we have the -
pleasure of knowing, that otur city' is
healthy, especially in a time,.-when dis
ease visits town and country alike.-Ham
burg Journal, 20th inst.
It is rumored (says the Norfolk Beacone
of the 19th inst.) that orders hai beetn
sent by express vessels -to the ikediter
ranean Squadron which is the nearest, to,
repair to the Gulf of 3iexico. and also to
other naval stations, announcing an ex
pected declaration of war by Mxc
ngainist the United States. Me i 1
..,Z' tAsrtited States Explorng Espedi
tion, during the years 1838, '39, '40, '41 and
'42, by Charles Wilkes, U. S. N. Commander
of the Expedition. -It is understood, that the ar
ticle isfrom ihe pen of the Hon. Joel R. Poin
sett. It is scarcely necessary to-say, that the
witer eomes to the task which he has assigned
himself, with a mind fraught with peculiar in,
formation upon the subject of which he treats.
From extensive foreign travel, and diligent
readitig, Mr. Poinsett has ltad admirable op
portutnities of acquiring vast stores of informa
tion. and he has'a happy art of imparting inter'
esr'to the topics upon which he treats. The
fourth article notices an Agricultural address
delivered some time since. by Gen. James H.
Hammond, an Agricultural addressby the late
R. W. Roper, Esq.. and Essays on Domestic
Industry. by Wm..Gregg. this article is ote
of partielar interest to the pianters, especially
of South Carolina. It coAtains mush 'very
useflo,ii'ormation,. and.,is 'worthy of careful
The sixth article, the Noythern1 'actfie: Cal
ifornia, Oregon and the Oregon Question, has
for its text, Bobert Greenhov's- History of
Oregon and California, on the Northw.est coast
of North America." The Oregon Question, by
Thomas J.- Falconer. Esq., and several other
works on the same subject . Astoria,'orAnec
dotes ofan enterprise beyond the Rocky Moun.
tuins, by Washngton Irving. Lewis and
Clarke's -Expedition, by A blcVicar. - Letters
and Sketches with a'narrative of-a year's resi
detce among t e Indian tribes of the Rocky
Mountains, by PJ.' De SmAt. This article is
of considerable length, and treats fally of the
'Territory of Oregon and the clain .set up to it.
by our Government. It containsa great deal
of.g valuable information, and' sheds mnc'h
light upon this perplexed subject. The writer
asks how are we to' dispose of this-great ques
tion? He is decidedly of opinion, that the war
spirit which has prevailed in certain sections
of our country has been particularly 'anfortu
nate. He says, that reasotibliimen will not
leave to the sword what the pen can settle, nor
involve in a bloody war, the' most powerful
nations of the earth to gratify a whim, a caprice
or a little false pride. He thinks. that~ we
should meet this qnestion in a spirit of modera
tion and kindness-not falteringly or meekly.
He says, that mutual concessioner and com
promises should be made, and in this manner
peace can be peserved, and by these means,mu
tual rights can be secured.
Article 7th embraces several critical notices,
the most important of which,is upon the'subject
of the Literary Remains of the Rev. Dr. M axey,
former President of the South Carolina Col
lege. We would cheerfully transfer a portion
of this article to our columns.but our limits at
present forbid The other articles in the work
before us, possess meuit, though we will not
here particularly notice them, but refer our
readers to them.'
POLICY OF TuE ADm:NsiSTRATIoN.-From the
subjoined, which we copy from the Washing
ton Union, the Governmenat organ, our readet
may learn, what will in all probability, be the
policy of the Adiitistrat'on upon the Tariff.
We shall take up this tariff subject here
after. But we meet at once the issoids of
the National Inielligencer. Neither its so
,acious sas nor its croaking warnings to
the thriving ttanufacturers, will have an.
effect to turn us from the path of justicE'
and of truth. "The Tariff must he red o
ced (asi Mr. Walker says) to the revenue
standard." Does the intelligencer meanr
to say that we shall not reduce th" tarttl
f 1842 tr its proper dimensions ? Upn
ouar ptritciple, every matn who is in favor
of a niore equal participation of the public
htardens,- will plant himself flat footed.
Does our cotlpmporary maintain that the
rich manufacturing capitalists shall contitn
ue to clear 20 per centum on-thoir capital.
while the great staple interest of the coun
try -the agriciulItural class-scarcely ave
rage itnore than 3 or 4 per centim ? Can
such a system as this continues to oppress
a free peopfle ? one privileged class obtain
inug high profits for itself, at the expense of'
thte great body of the people, the conso
tiers-viz: the farmers, tmerchants, pro
fessional nmn, &c.
The Rice Crop.-The Winyah Obser
ver, of the 16th inst, says: "' We had not
sup~posed the itnjury so' great as it turns
out to be sittce tbe heading out of the rice.
The crop is deplorably short, and, we
shall be the better able to speak of it as
the haarvest progresses. Since our last
there have been sotme hieavyrainas, and
the fall of rain in the up-cou'otry has given
at last rain enough to allow many of the
planters to flow with fresh wvater, but the
season is too late to effect much good"'
Courier, 19th insL.
The Crop.-Tbhe Griflin, (Ga.) Jeffer
sonian of the 1.5th inst. saye-"T'tere is no
mist ake now about the drought and- short
ciops. From all quarters of lower and
upper Georgia the report is the same, that
thte drought ii eitcessive and not more than
half crops of cornt can possibly be made.
Cotton is small and stunted, and although.
it can do with less rain than corn, will fall
considerably short of an average crop thro'
out the State. In the upper counties the
seasonls have been more favorable and the
crops are good."
Crops in Louisiana.-The Concordia
intelligencer of the 9th inst., stales that
he picking season had commenced in that
piarish somewhat favorably to the planters
generally, that the cat terpillar was at
work on some plantations, but its destruc
tive operations had not yet apread io any
extent. "Free from this bane," the In
telligenecer says, " the fields look well, and
on all the soil which has proved stiff
enough for the severe drought to whtich it
has been exposed, good crops are looked
From the Southern Tribune- wa learn
that, many of the Point Coupe. planters
commenced picking cot ton on the 4th inst.
and in some instances the number of
pounds picked to the hand averaged about
150. Time staple is said to be generally
of a fine texture.
The Baton Rouge Gazette or Saturday
last says: "The crops in the parishes
of East and WVest Baton Rouge, have not
generally, for several years, presented as