Newspaper Page Text
From the Temperance Aavocate.
PROCEEEDINGs OF TI STATE TEMPER
ANCE CONVENTION OF S. CAROLINA.
The delegates of the State Temperance
Convention, according to previous apipoin'
ment, convened this day. Wednesday t e
13th of August, in the Presbyterian Church
at Pendleton. T';e Hon. J. B O'Neall.
President of the State Temperance Soci
ety, took the chair, and requested the
Rev. Dr. B. M. Palmer, of Charleston, it)
open the Convention by prayer, Mier
wl-ich Mr. R. H. Speers, of Gr -eanville,
and J. R. Wilsoin. of Abbeville, were apt
pointed to act as Secretaries to the Con
We omit the names of Societies anl
Delegates. except tho-io fromn E.iaefield.
From the Mecdanirs' Washingte nian So
ciety-Dr. (. L. Gooutm'in.
Edgrfeld District Society.-S. Clarke.
Beach Island T. zociety.-S. Clarke
and James Panton.
Mr. Clark, of Edgefield, offered a reso
lution that a committee of five he app->iur
ed to select speakers. and to make arrainge
ments for the entertainment and instruc ion
of the people; whereupon. Mi. Clark. Mr.
Maxwell, Mr. Norton, Mr John Smit.
.and Dr. Simpson, were appointed the com
Dr. Watts offered a resolution, that a
committee of five be appointed to collect
and embody the statistical information of
this Couvetntion, when Dr. Waits, Joel
Smith. Joseph Grisham. T. C. Hanze.
ain. C.. West Caughmnan,were a ppointed
Mr. S. R. Black, offered a resolution.
which was seconded by Mr. Speersahbat
the Temperance reformk has many -nd
important claims on the Patriot. and par
ticularly on those ofour own country whb
wish to secure and perpetuate the blesings
of our free institutions. Mr. Black, fol.
lowed by Mr. Speees.in short hut interest
ing speeches, gave iheir vie% s on the reso
lutiO.., after which it was unanimously
i Mr. R. A. Maxwell, offered a resolution
that a committee of seveo he appointed
to inquire into the state of the Temperance
reform in our country, and the canates
which have impeded its procress: where.
upon the President appointed R. A. Max.
well. W. Caughman, D. C. Webb, James
Fair, J. M. Woodruff and J. Herbert, said
Mr. H. A. Jones offered a resolution,
which was seconded by Mr. Saxon. that
it is desirable to obtain accurate statistics
of the effects or intoxication, exhibiting
the amount paid for intoxicating drinks.
the sums paid as the immediate conse
quence of intemperatnce, and the crimes
and pauperism which are the immediate
result of the same ; ani that for this pur
pose a committee of five 'e appointed to
report at the annual meeting of the State
Temperance Society in Columbia. The
mover addressed the Convention on the
subject of the resolution.
Mr. Clark, from the Committee ap
pointed to select speakers tt) saddress the
meeting, reported that Mr.- Lesli-anti Mr.
Speers would oddress the people this even
ing; when, on motion, a recess took place
until half past 3 o'clock. The Conven
tion re-assembled at that, hour, whent Mr.
Leslie delivered an address, confinin:; his
remarks chiefly to the deleterious ittfl.en
ces of the Retatl system, upont the moraels
and the elective franchise ol the country.
The Convention then proceededl to the
consideration of the resolution offeredi by
MIr.Jones, of Abbev'lle; when after ome
remarks by Mr. Saxon,. as to the ptropriety
of adopting the resolution, it was nani
muously carried. Mr. Saxon moved that
the President be owie of the commatittee,
which motion was unatmmtously adopted.
The President appoinited tho followink
gentlemetcn to comtpose the Committee. II.
A. Jones, R. C. Saxon, S. R. Black, J
0. LewIs. Z. F. Wright, N. Gist. J. B.
Dorn, Gen- J. Gilliam and Rev. J. L.
Kennedy-the President, J. B. O'Neall
being added on miotion.
The Rev. Dr. Pahnter then offered thte
following reoution, which was seconded
by. j. R-v M. M ullimrax :-That the
grat:M . ia bdy aght to bte constant
lV oxpreseu to Aanaghity God, for his fa
vorable consideration of their humble ef
forts itn the cause of Temprrance, and that
therefore, to evince as strongly as possi
bie their dependetnce on God in this great
moral reform, the 25th day of Decembah-r
next, be set apart as a day of thanksgivinag
to God, and prayer for hais farther aid.
and that each Society be requested to tab
serve the day with religious solemnity,
and have a discourse preachted on the sub
ject of Temperance.
Dr. Palmer then set forth, in a clear and
impressive manne~r, the propriety of adlop
ing this resoltntiotn, w~ ten the Rev. Mr.
Mullinaux followed and stupported tale
resolution in a few pertinent remarks, af
ter n hich it was unantimtously adopted.
After prayer lay 'he Rev. Josepah Gris
harn, Otn notion, the Conventiaon adjourned
unitil 9 o'ctoc'k to-mrorrow.
At. candte-tight, a respectable number
of ladies atnd gentlemnen assembled in the
churctt, where they were ably addressed
on thte subject of te Temperance cause
generally, by Mr. Rt. H. Reid, a mtember
of the South Carol-na College, and Dr. F.
G. Thomas. A fter the hatt,:r gentleman
had closed his remarks, Judge O'Neall
mtade a short but impressive addiress, etnfhr
cing-the propriety of signing the pledge.
The Pledge-ofthe Penadhetont Temrp.rance
Society was theta preset.ted, when the
names of eighteen persons were added.
Thursday Morning. August 14.
*Pursuant tao adjaournment. t he Conven
tion re-assembled in the Presbyterian
Church, where a very large and respec
table nutmber of thte ladies and geaatlemren
of Pendleton anad its vicinity hadl convented.
Prayer was offered by thte R-v. A. Rice,
after wshic~h the nminutes of . esterduy were
readl and caorrected.
The President then called on delegates,
if atty had -not pr!evio~usly da.ne so, to
come foarwardl and enroil their natmes, when
the following additiontal delegates a ppeared
viz: tae Rev.H. W. Denstsota, from the
Greenville T. A. Society, who atlso pre
metnted a report frorn that Society, Mr. A.
B Vr. fron. n-o..-,.. Retr..- . A.
Society, Pickens Distrit; Natb. Doon,
Esq., from the Pickens C. H. T. A. So
ciety, and J. F. W. Leaphart, from the
Washi gion Society, Lexitgton District.
Mr. John G. Bon% mian, then offered the
following resolution, whici he supported
by a few remarks. to-wit: That this Cul'
veutioo appoint delegates to the.. taic
Temperance Cuovenitions of Georgia anu
North Carolina. TI e resulutiou % as put,
and unanuiously adopted. Mr. K. A.
Maxwell, S. R. Black, S. Clark, Dr. F.
G.Thomas, and Dr. fl. Burt, were ap
pointed to attend the Georgia Couventinu,
and on motion, the President of this Con
vetntiun was added as a delegate. The
following gentleten were apjuinted de4e
gates to the State Temperance Convea
tion of North Carolina : Rev. J. W. Van
diver. Juhn G. Bowtman, Dtvid Leslie,
Rev Sanuel B. Lei% era, Maj. W. T. El
lerbe, and W. r. Uaston.
ir. Bownan then submitted the follow
in resolution : -That this Convention
w ould again earnestly recommend the
formation of District Temperance Socie
ties, whete such Societies do cot already
exist, and that the members of this Con
vention do hereby pledge themselves indt
vidually, to use their best exertions to
carry into effect the objects of tbis resolu
Mr. Bowman then proceeded to explain
the uIlects of the resolution. and in the
course of his remarks, referred particularly
to the D.stricts of Lanrens and Abbeville,
which, by adopting and faithfully prosecu
ting this system of organization, -had be
cotne the Banner Districts of the State in
the Temperance cause. He concluded
by calling upon the delegates from Laurens
or Abbeville, to tell this Convention what
system fiad effected there, when Mr. Sax
ou, and Major J. D. Wright, delegates
from Laurens, went briefly into the details
of twe tyslemt. and spoke from personal
observation, of the very happy effects
A btch had resulted therefrom. The res
uluttou was unanimously agreed to.
~The Rev. Mr. Humphries tiren offered
the followtng resolution, % hich was secon
ded by the Rev. A. Rice: That the rem
perance Re firmation has been a signal
means of increasing the spread of pure
and undefifed religion, and therefore, it
ought to have the undivided siupport of
all Christians. Rev Mr. H6mphries ad
dressed the Convention it favor of the
resolution. Rev. Mr. Rice made a few
remarks, fully concurring with the mover
itn the views which be had expressed,
when the resolution was unanimously
Mr Bowman then submitted the follow
iug resolution. which was seconded by
David Lesley, Eqq., to wit :
Resolved, That the Temperance Reform
addresses itself t,, the Chrisian, the phi
lantilbropist and the patriot-that the traffic
and use of intoxicating drinks constitute
a great and alarming evil-that the former
is doing tnore to impede the progress of
the temperance cause, thatn any other
thing. and that, therefore, it is earnestly
recoImenided to all the citizens of our
diate, to use all lawful means to abolish
this nuisance in their respective neighbor
Mtr. Bowman. followed by Mr. Leslie
and Maj. Wright, fully-discussed ihe retio:
lutioi, after which it was unanimously
Mr. Clark, from the comnmittee appoint
ed to select speakers, reported that Mr.
Pat ton attd the Rev. H-. W. Denison, would
atddress the people this evening, The
Convention then adjourned to meet again
at half past 3 "'clock; arid at that hour,
the Rev. Mr. Denison and Mr. Patton
addressed the meeting , after which the
pledge of. the Pendleton T. A. Society
was presented, and the namea of thirt'y
persons were added to the satme.
Mr. Clarke, fromn the committee ap
ptoiutedl to select speakers, reported that
Mr. Bowman and Dr. Thomas would ad
dress the pedple at candle light, at which
time a very large and rO5spectabjle audi
entce of ladies and gentlemten nvere in at.
tendanco at the Church ; and upon the
conclusion of animated addresses iby Mr.
Bow man, Dr. Thomas, and Julge O'
Neall, the pledge of tfte Pendletoni Soci.
ty was submitted, and 38 new signattures,
a majority being ladies, were obtained.
Maj. WVright offered the following reso
Resolved. That the thanks of this Con
venition be tedered to the two Secretaries,
for the patient and faithful discharae of
their duties, which was unanimously adop
Mr. John Smith, of Ltaurens, offered the
Resolved, That thte "thanks of this Con
ventiot he r eturned to the pastor, officers
atndltem bers, for the use of the Presbyte
rian Church--uuanimousiy adopted.
Rev. Mr. Hutnphries oil'ered the fol low
Resolrrd. Thbat the thaniks of this Con.
vention he setndered to the cit izens of Pen
dletotn and vicintity, for their kindtness and
hospitality during the session of the satire
Or) motion of flr. J. P. Watts, Mr. J.
C). Lewis was called to the chair, after
which. Geni. Gillam moved that the tnantks
of this Conivenrion be tendered to the Hon
John Bielton O'Neall, for the very able
attd dignified manner in whbich he has pre.
sided over the'deliberations of this body
which motion was unanimously adopted;
after which Judge C'Neall resumed the
chair, and respotnded in a brief but appro.
priate address, expressive of the high esat.
tsfaction and pleasturo which he had ever
dlerived from his co.operation and labors
itn the promotion of the great ar.d noble
cause of Temperatnce.
*After prayer by the Rev. Mr. Palmer,
the Convention adjourned.
R. H. SHFERas, Secre'ries.
J. R. Wasors,
The North Eastern Bounaary surveys
are abont beinig finally concluded. A litte
thirty feet wide was ent through the for
ests, and cast iron monuments four feet
above ground, erected at regular intervals.
[ Charleston Courier.
Iowoa -Judge Doge (dem.) has been
reelected to Congress, and the Constitu
tion submitted to the people has been re
NEW ORLANS, Auk. 21.
Naval and Military Operations-.--We
learned yesterday morning, through -the
attention of our correspondent at Pensa
cola. of the arrival at that place on the
18th inst. of the U. States steamship
Princeton, and of the steam frigate Mi s
sissippi on the following day. On 'the
20th, the sloop of niar Falmouih arrived
there in company with another sloop of
war supposed to be the Saratoga or the
St. Mary's. There are, therefore, now
concentrated in that harbor, belonging to
the American Navy, two steam frigates,
the Mississippi and Princeton, the frigate
Potomac, the sloops of war John Adams.
Falmouth, and' Saratoga or St. Mary's
and the brigs of war Somers and Porpoise.
[The Fr.-neh brgs Grilion and Le Mer
cure are lying in the same port.1 Ou the
Western coast of Mexico, these are. or
shorily will be, eight or our vessels of
war, and this force will be iner.-ased by
the vessels 'of the East India squadron.
now on their way home. The . Mexican
navy and Mexicali privateers, will 601
want, therefore, for somethitip upon which
to wreak their vengeance .for fancied
Purser Ramsey arrived at Pensacola hn
the 20th inst. from Mobile, with S100-.000
for the use of the squadron.
The.U. S. Quarter Master, stationed
here. has received a letter front the Bay of
Aransas, dated the 14th inst., supposed to
have been conveyed by the Falmouth to
Pensacola. It anniounces the -loss of the
schooner Swallow, with stores for the
troops in Texas. The lettet also men
tions 1 rumor which prevailed at Aransas
that Mexico had declared nar upon this
country. The presumption is, however,
that this rumor reached Aransas from,' this
city, and was founded uponthe communi
eations of the Mexican Ministers to the
Chamber of Deputies on the 21st. ult.
This presumption it sirengthened.-by a
letter received here from ariiicer under
Gen. Taylor, dated Corpus Christi, the
15th inst. According to the'Courier, this
letter states that our troops had left St.
Joseph's Island and were encamped on
the main land-all in goo& health and
line spirits-no enemy near-none ex
peeted. A Courier had beendespatched
to Matamoros aad reiurned'iwho reports
only 400 men at or near that place.
This does not indicate that Gen. Taylor
is in any immediate danger, nor- is there
any thing very warlik3 in the intelligence.
otherwise. The camp of Gen. T. is
very pleasantly situated, and.a fine breeze
almost constantly prevailed.
We copy from the Courier of last even
ing an extract of a letter just received
fiom an officer of the U. S. Dragoons.
which gives soie particulars of tib macrch
of the seven companies of the 2d Dra
goons from Fort Jesup into Texas:
NACOGDOCHES, July 81, 1845.
The seven comparies of Dragoons ar
rived here to day, after a: very warm
march of seven days from Fort Jesup.
We shall leave on the Isi of, August
for the Tritity, and thence for the San
Antonio, where you shall agrihear front
me. The -command-~ ha.; eh
very .well, -and-- -1p hdservice
w hen we reach the disputed boiusld try.
NORFOLE, August 2y.
.1'ilitar.-The B.ru'alton of Aritllery
ordered frotm Fort Monroe to join our ar
my in Texas, conisist of cotnpanties G., E.,
1. and D.-250 rank and file. The officers
Brevet Major John Monroe.
Brevet Major Win. WV. Morris.
Capt. J. 1B. Scott.
Assi-.ant Surgeon, J. B. Wells.
First Lients. R. Smnead, E. Deas, J. C.
Pemberton, E. Bradford,
Secnnd Lieurs. M1. Lovell. E. WVhiring,
J. Gill, J. P. Johnson, J. R. Reynolds. -
All the oillcers attacmed to the Battalion,
now absetnt otn detached service, are order.
ed to join companies here or in Texas.
WeV understnd that orders were received
fler~e otn Sutnday, changitng toe destination
of the frigate Congress from the Pactfic to
the Gulf of Mexico. The Congress is to
relieve the Potomac now in a leaky con
dition at Pensacola. T1his latter ship -tas
been mordered to Norfolk and her crew is
to be transfered to the frigate Columbia.
Captarin Stockton is to proceed to the Gulf
of Mexico as soon as the C. -ngrecss is
matnredi. Thu following oflicers have
beeti orderedt to this ship: Commirander.
Samuel [. Bu Pot; Lieurs. J. W. Liv
ington. 3 F. Schenek, KC. L. Tilghman,
w- S. Drayton H. Eld, W. (.watime);
Master V. B. Mlorgatn; Surgeon, Samuel
Moseley ; Passed Ass'nt. Surgeon. Johtn
S. White ; Assistaat Surgeon, Charles
A detachment of 30 marines, under
charae of [Lieutenant Ktnsing, fir the U.
S. frigate Congress. arrived here from
Baltimore on Sunday last a thes steamner
Ott the arrival of the U. S. brig Por
poise at Pensacola. she was nearly out of
wageur. provisions. &c. Having caken 00
hotird a fresh supply, she put to sea again
it, a few hours, for her destination, the
coast of Texas.
Tme U. S. ship Jamestown was at Ma
deira, Jutly 5th, all well.
Trhe U. S. Schr. On-kay-bye, Lieut.
Com't Sinclair, received orders yesterday
to sail immediately for T1exas.-Herald.
tImportant Rumor. -A considerableex.
citement has been ratsed here, sttys the
Oswego'Advertiser, by a rnor that the
U.. S. iron rteamer Jeffersoq. now at this
pmort, has been ordered to the3 Gulf of llt
ico, by way of St. Lawrence, leaving the
commerce of~ Lake Oaltario: without lro.
tection, and tihe Revenue laws to take
care of themselves. -
Insanity in thme United Stales- -The
American Journal of Insanity states that
there are 25 asylumns for he'insane in the
United States, containing (wo thou-sand
seveni huntdred and fifty-three patients.
Rhode lsland and New Jerusey are buaild
ing asylums. Delaware, North Carolinia,
Louisiana, Alabamta,.Missitiippi, MIIison
ri, Michigan. Indiana, illinois and A rkan
sans. are destitute of any stich cstablish
recetnitItinge the Court,. presented, that
\oustol in uueimes- brought- befotre them
was in conseqUesuwe of diuukehness -and
tiat'm , uch- o .1t -lia -b'een -iccaasined by
tae pi he1C. areacaug of-Candidutes lor office.
Tuey say liata iis -nu.w'- raddced' almiaas,
to a certainly, that thoso ,who treat 4te
most are elecied. and that those %'to are
unable or unwilling to treat, are- pretty
sure of being defeated. This is certaioly
all alarinng state of public murals, and
calls Aluud bor refrpin. When a man's
voLo can -be purchased lur a glass of whis
Key, our libei ties are in dauger-such
in-u suould nOut. e ulluned thils iliataua
ble driviiege.-Parmer's Gazette.
Metancholy Accident.-It bas been our
-unpleasat -duty it recoid iore painfu,
ucLureuces. n stIqW Ihe last. flw .,%eeks;
tlan usually ,aids to ilie lot 61 a cnitry
nuispaper, and sill% we have another to
lay oelore our readers. . On.Saiui day last,
illr Jouau .ellers, a worty and respectable
cizen ul tua uistric, residing within about
soUmmles o1 Cuesatrbelu . H., was
cailed suddetuil 'rut this world to appear
bi lure lots Alatemr. I hti paIticulassoI thas
ieanuloily event nI wC termfaiinaaed his
existeuct-, nave oeen related to Ms, and
are, in sutisauce, as follows: I'he well on
Mr. betters' premises' had for some time
tyquired cleauing out. bui at haviug.beeu
dscertained tout there was much foul air
in it, noune were williug to riski the des
ceut. Yet aW.re uof this fact, ou Satur
day eveuiug aast-M..r. 6. vety aiprudeut
ly iimude the attempt, auil has paid.lor his
taierity wiab his hie. Calling to his aid
only fits hitle son, about len or twelve
years of age, and.a negro girl, he went
down with a baskiet, vv ich he filled either
oneu or twice with rottou wood, &c.,
k hich being bauled up, he aiteampted to
ascend by climilng up the sides of the
well. I is lie had nearly effecied, having
reacied itjiu a lew. leet tl the..upper
euro, when he caaaed or the rope. . At
tha- momnent Ias little sou looked dowantbe
ell. and aw his intner an tae act Of fall
ang buckwards; 4av.iag let gohig hold wath
tas hands,- is -leet- being still braced a
ganst tne sides of the well. There is but
litle doubt that he was overcinie by. the
luul air, and fainted amiediately aller
calling for. the rope. His death -was al
imist instanianeous, he never haiving spo
ken alier the fIall. A Gorsuer's iquesa
.,as tield on the body. but no surgical ex
amainaio-i tsaoK place. Mr. S.-w a bout
40 years.of agu, in very i.moderate circua
stucb, and las lelI bebind hiin a wife and
seven or eight caldren. He was an ocu,
nnamical, sadusartoius man, a consistent
smbt-uer of the Baptist Churc.., and pos
Piessed the coulilence anid respect of nis
neigiobors. His loss will be fela in the
coaaimnatuiy, hat to his lamily it is, irrepar
able To tis sile, the SanoeK of iis deal
came with peculiar severily in- tier pres
eat delicate situation. But a few hours
beoire' lie left her to ataenad to his larmtinig
Operaltons, full of healtil and vigor. and
she was n..t aware ol his return until lie
was brougit to tier a corpse! Let the
eye cit pity shed one symnplithizing tear
lir the lone ine an her disress.-Cheraw
Gazette. Aug. 26.
Melancholy Casuality.-We..regret to
learia'i thai ALr. W illiaiJ.- S:dilallEi
gmneer of the steamier Oaceila, v1as drti'u'n.
el on the 19th inst. lour niles belo v.
Poait's Ferry. winle bathing in the Pee
Dee. He wae swimrantig in dltep waler,
whien lie suddaenily called for help, hut be
fore any arsikance could be rewdered him,
be sunk au rise nos more. The buody was
found the following day, naot far fromi
w here ho was drowned. He was a native
of either Maine or New llamipshire, of
exemtplary habits, highl) respecled by hi.,
eamployers, and possessed a thorough piruc
aical kaiowledge of. has iiupartani pmefe~ss
ional due ies.-Farmer's Gazette, Aug. 26
Deatha by Lightnuing.-We understand
abai Jacisson Godfrey, aged about nine
ieen, soan of Jamaes Godfrey, of Union
counnty, was5 killed by lightning on thle
22d ansi. H e w as passing bet ween t he
house arid kitcheai wheai he stooped d., n
to pick up a bridle lying Lu ihe yard w ith
a steel h:il, ns hen he n as struck on the back
of the neck by thae elective fluid. 1' i~s
supiposed thai ahe hit attractedl the 'fliid
(Charlotte .Journal. Aug. 29.
From the Waushington Union.
Extract of a letter, dat,-d
-LExaNoToN, A ug. 18,'1845
SThe * True A meracana' had beco.eme so
off'enzsive, that somte of the catizens called
on .ur. 1. Al Ulay to re-quest himu to dis
coniinue its publicatacon. The reply wias
saill imore pror oking, and a eaeetiing was
called to-day of the whole county. Mr.
Clay again replied. promisiang to change
the character of h~is -paper in some res
pects. But the meeting, consisting of 1,
51)0 air 2.000 mnon, appointed a cornmittee
of 60 tei pack up and send off to Cincin
nati the press, type, &c. A parn is alrea
dy off, and abe reamainider in preparaioen
to starl in the maoraanng. 1i is borunatne
ahai alaus interruption oif the place is aboul
to aeraminate withouat the hiss of li.
"There is no longer the satme reasoin
(amoeng troe whtg.) ts conciliate the aboli
lionists, n hich existed last year; and all
who encoauraaged'C. Mt. 'lay mc expeci
supphori appear to haave f.aileid in the nhour
ol trial ; for, it is nail to be supposed thea,
as weak as he is, lie would have made atll
the preparationis for defence, and been so
unsparinia of abuse, short of'trong expec
tations of support."
Illinois Crops.-A gentleman who is
thoroughly acquaintedl. with Illinois, and
has recently passed through the state, says
at the croaus of ceorn and wheat through
ouat are very good. Saame ofC ahe ceorni i
eighieen feet high. llintiis had tnever be
fare so valuabile creips. -
[ N. Y. Jour. of Corn. Aug. 21.
Health of Charleston.-T he keeper ol
the Civ Burial Ground receives, as com
pensali~Oa for has services, fees for each
corpse that is interred. Durinig .the pres
eni year, however, the burials have beeni
so few that the. amount of his receipts fall
fair eihort of former' 1ears-indeed, the
worltay Superintenadant has been coan
pelled to apply to the.GCity Con-cal, for
an appropriation, to make up the defir ien
ca nd-. give him - n en'uivalent1 f'or -the
- Annexation-in Prance.-Th6 last letter.
-written by the-Paris correpxiondent pf the'
Nationai Intelligence'r, shows the siiit in
which the news of Texan antexation has1
been received in France. He says: '* We
received yesterday .the excellent news of
the self annexation of Texas. This con
suiation appears it, us just what it should
be. The long British- and French agony
is over- A few days ago the Jourialdes
Debats expressed as a lingeritig solace,
the hope that the Texan Congrdss would
find the tirms of adinission too hard to be
adopted at oncesand with..ut qualifiration.
and if the question were referred again.to
the Congress of the Union, perhaps. an
entire failure would be the result! What
has happened ii-resistably adiotnished the
monarchial powers of the vanity of all
attempts to palter, or tamper. or intrigue
with any branch of the republican Amer
inan fatily. Tha! the representative of
i-f France in .Mexico should have been
the chief agent ibere, and -written a letter
in the vein and style of that which he ad
dressed to his worthy coadjutor, 'resident
,1in e. prodne.s more surprise and dissat
isfacion in Paris than any other of the
disclosures. The Aloniteur of this 'day
gives the advices in extenso, without com
The Debate observes, that although the
event was foieseen. it has caused a- cer
tain degree of astonishment. "The A
merican Union fortifies itself (se renforce)
by this.great dismemberment. of Me-xico.
Mexico is in a state of the iost deplorable
anarchy, and California. no doubt, will
soon become another subject of annexa
rion." The National ivjoices in t.he de
feat of the joint diploman-y of England
and M. Guizot; it %ugnalize- the futility
of their effori,; dwells on ihie mistaken
policy of the Fretich cabinet, for which
England after all. will not be grateful;"
hopes that the United States will not con,
found France-the nation-with her Ex.
ecutive government, and so forth. The
Commerce has two editorial columns on
the subject; a narrative of transactiotis is
first offered; sees no likelihood of Mexi
can hostilities; recites and strongly con
demns the concurrence of the French
Ministry with the British; quotes the ob
noxious language of the French envoy;
laments the impression wjhich Mr Guizot's
bargain with Lord Aberdeen must make
on the American people. The French,
hewever, prefer alliance and cordial amity
with their natural friend, the great mara
time Republic of the western cotitident."
From the N. 0. Jeffersonian Republican.
We have omitted heretofore. to notice
the last number of the Southern Quarter
ly Review of Charleston. It is really a
unoble work. We have never met with a
periodical that foreshadowed its glorious
destiny more strongly. All dotbts as to is
character andi stability are removed. It
must succeed, aid not only give a strong
impetus to our national literature. hir ex
ercise an imp.ortant aaetciy in the spread
of sound constitutional princitIles and tlie
perpetuity of our blessed Union. Why
shold it not succeed ? There is a broad
fields for its operations until -now unoccu
pied, There is not is the whole South or
Vest another periodical- of'heavy' metal.
Those that do exist are of limited circula
tion, mainly devoted to light literature,
and rra mrarked ty great inequ..lities,
sometimes sp)arkling hut often exceeding
ly tame. A work able to grapple with
tholse higher questions that are cotistatntly
springing tup under our new and very pa
culiar systetm of golveirnmentt; questions
of jurisdiction, (If the relative powers of
the Federal atnd State authorities. as itt
case ol McLeod ; of the States to each
other, as in the late controversy between
New Ytrk anid Virginia; and of the States
withI foreigni powers, ns -in the cane of
MIississi ppi with the Eu ropeain hond hold
era-has long been wanted. The news
patper press is frequently too partizan in
ius charact~er, too inflattimatory. sectitonal
and superficial for the satisfactory discuss
ion of such grave questions, especially in
this young country, where mniy of ouir
precedents and decisions cotnfict,- and
wvhere the public pocicy, muaximns and laws
aannot in many respects. claimn to be de'f
initely fixed. In the fortmatiotn tf this
structure, political, social andt legal, a
wolrk esta.tlished on iho basis of the
Southere Quarterly, cond uctedl with ability
and extetnsively circulated mttst exercise
a very great and beteticiatl iuifuetnce. It
comes to the consideration of thtese lund
other important matters, tot to advance
any particular sect or to pull down or
build up a party ; its sole object is to en
litthten the publicLind, to discuss great
and doubtful questi~ ns witb good temper
and moderation, to present anthentic
attatementu of fact and statisties, and draw
frotm them sound and legim ate itnferonces,
conducive to individual haeppittess, social
reform and the getntral imteres- (If the
comtuonwealth. Its editor, Mr. Whitta
ker, is a man of decided talent, high ai
ainmnetnt antd great diiscre titon. To mtuch
experience and oppo'rtuniity of ob~ser-vation
lhe also adds ihat rare gift so esseuntal to a
teacher of mankitnd--ttnd wiithotut which
tmere talent is a useless and ottetn danger
0ne endowment -sound practical sense.
This is the great character istc IC4) .. h~e
Quarterly. Ii is no visionary ; ito Utopi
ant; no rutmner after fantastie and gauze
covered ttheories; no at ubbor-n uiilitarian
insensible to the reliinents of life, and
to the necessity of -huttaizing many of
the convenltiolnal dogmas and systems that
now e'xist. Far less does it seek to wea
ken the broad, deep, super~tructures of
our Saxon ancessors, to ornment them
with the Corinihian collumtns of mtudern
tratscenidenialismt. It will not overluok
the great lessons of liheriy atnd law attd
government, derived frotm that noble ori
giti and emboadimnent in. our Conusti tatr(It
and laws, defitned by them and restrained
by them, to teach the dreamy anud .untcer
tatin philosophy of Athens, or the imprac
ticable agrariattism of Rome.
The Quarterly is stupported by dn array
of brilliant writers ~in Charleston and
other portiods of the Union. We most,
however, exhpress otur regret that it was
ever transferred from this city, where it
had its birth.
Grand Jury Presentment.-The Grand
-m .lry of o.n Conty. N. C., at the
time and atteution bestowed i ufil -
the d rties cf his office.-- CouritT, Aug.
WEDNDAY, SEP + EBE'R
1We will cng to the .Pilars.of the Tizmu, of
Our-Liberties .ud'if It muusr11 ,we'wi per
ish -amidst the Ruins."
As money is very sarce. and the -drought has
cnm off the prospect of the Planter and Farmer,
we have.come to the conclusion, to reduce.oqr.
terms in suitthe.fies. .nUwt e Will ilta
the Adveriiser to Clubs at.the folfowin owr
Fo 5 copies (Ar ona year-' i'Ald c .
10 i -4 - - t50
"u15 24.00 -
. 20 O300'
Either df oiriiesent'subtribers wilibe takesn
as ine of the above Clubs. -
We hope our friends will exert themselves
in nur-behalf, and irj to get as a few -mhire sub
scribers, as we are at this-time -very. miuct in
want of the.needful.
To our dehnquent subscribers we have a fo
words to say. We have waited long and.:pr
tiently on yon-but we cannot. and -will-notit -
much longer. All who- are--indebted t'us-for
more than one year. eithes. for Subscription,
Advertising or-Job work, atnd who-fail-to My
us beore.-the 1st of October, next-will Ond-their
accounts iii the hands of those, who will add.a
little cost to their old-accounts.
-TUE EPuEFIELD MECHANIc's.WASE'
inhtoaiaus ociety, will.meet.on Modday
eventig r.e t. ... .. - ;
Ti public generally 'are -invied to t
- R*us AND. LG1GuTNIc.--Dnring- thi past
week a great deal of-rain fell in this District
On Thursday night ihe're was "a'very . lidvy
fall of rain at tlis' place, during "ii,' the
dwelling house of Mr. WA. Harri, was
struck by lighting, which. did. considerable
damageti the house and some furniture within.
Nr. H., his wife and two childreq were in'the
house seated arotnd thesupper tabre. and three
of his servants, in attendance at the time. ill-of
whom were considerably stnnmed. None- of
them received much injtiry, althiiigh within
three or four reet of the wva I[, which.was struck.
M is H's guitar was broken; which was reiting
a rainst the wall very near her. A servant girl
was severely hurt, but is recovering.
SUrcoin.-It becomes our melancholy duty
to inform our readers,.that' Mr. Joel Roper.
Sen., of this District, committed suicide on
Saturday the 30th alt., by hanging bimself in
his Gui House. M R. -was an old and -res
pectable citizen of Edgefield. but for some time
past has beetoeV ie astepis"bje is -
which was afearthatbimself and failyisigh't
cotne to want. Mr; R. was about 60 years of
age. Hie has left a wife, several children, and
numerotis friends to.niourn his loss.
.Hosu. Gao. McDUFFiE.--This distinguished
genotletman arrived at this place on Wednesday
Ilast. He spent a few days at this place, and
in the vicinity, and enjoyed the hospitality .of
so.me of his partidular friends. We were
pleased to heur, that his health bad improved.
ELECTZON OF MAJOR GENERAL-Gen. W.
WV. Hlartlee is elected Major General of the
fourth Division. S. C. Militia. His competi
tor was Gcn. W. J. Hanna.
OUR ?luszsTza TO GREAT BRtxl.--We
heatn that our new Ministei- recently arrived at
London, and wasn very cordially received.
We omitted to mention that Thos. G. Kev,
Fteq, has recently become part owner of the
Hamburg Journal. The politics wtll be Dem- ~
Col. A. G. W. Walkerwas elected Sheriff
of Barnwell District, on the 25th ult., by a
majority of fifty-tharee votes.
TEMPERANcE CONvENTIO.-We publish
to-day, the proccedings of the State Te'miper
ance Convention, which recently assembled at
Pendletotn. S. C. They are, .of some length,
but as thme Temperance organization attracts
considerable attention fronfthe publicat large,
wvedeemx no apology necessary for the Insertion
of the proceedings.
Thme following is the unmber of persons who
have signed the Tetnperance Pledge, in each
District itn the statte, according to the Statisti
cal Report. The report however is not cor
rect, as many Societies did not return their num
ber to the Convention.
Orangeburg, 201: Fairfield, 509;Kershaw,
738; Chesterfield. 214; Beaufort,82ff; Yoik,
190. Richland, 1587; Charleston,6068; An
derson, 37: Laurensi, 1382; Lexington, 421,~
Chester,699; Union. 1015; Newlberry837
Greenville, 649; Spartanburg, 2312 ;Williamns
burg. 219; F.dgefield, 462; Marion, 219; Marl- -
boro'. 319; Georgetown, 204; Abbevillo; 1396;
Pickens, 671 ; Vharleston, 2000 ; Yorkc,268.
The grand total in the State amotints to
CoaN.-We tire much pleased't$ see ht di
rangemets hav~e been made to supply Chir.
leston,- Colutmbia~ an'1 Hamburg.- with' large
qutantities of corn.. sufficient for the wants of
the people. Twenty five thousand bushels
were recently brought on the Rail Rad to CG
lumbia The price of freigi-t is 5 cents-per
hushiel. The price of transportation'.to .Ham
hnrg is tho same. Corn is advertised in Co
liumbia, at 75 cenits a bushel. Itis believed that
it will soon be reduced to 62j at that placer
We iik it probable, that. in a litn1timeit
cari bq bought at a reasoinabld price .in'Hain
burg or Augusta. Our Citizens who may so
in want, shunid not beafarmed. Weiik, that