Newspaper Page Text
foree, w was to be under
the command of Gen. Bustamente.
They say the United States are sending
troops. into Texas, and that they, the
Mexicans. will march through Texas on
their way to -Washington, without de
It was reported at Vera Cruz that the
Mexican Congres bad passed the bill an.
thorising a loan of $15.000.000. This,
however, must be a mistake, 'as Vera
Cruz letters of the 4th and 5th speak or
the bill as being still under discussion,
and city of Mexico papers of the 30th ult.
are of the same effect. But even if the
bill should pass (which is not improbable -
it will hardly avail any thing, being ham
pered with conditions which we should
-suppose would render it impossible to ob
tain the money,-if indeed it could be
obtained under any circumstances. The
hope was, that it could be obtained in
It was the opinion of all prominent
men at Vera Cruz, that Gen. Almonte
would be elected President. in which case
:they supposed that war woulb be inevit
- The Anna Louisa brings $19,798 in
-specie. J. T. Marachalk. Esq. came
passenger in her, as bearer of despatrhes.
[Mercury, 2d iast.
Nzw ORLEANs. August 28.
Prom Mexico by way of St. Luis.
'be company of traders recently arrived
-at St. Louis from Mexico, Durango, Chi
huahna, and Santa Fe. brings a better ac
-count of sh6 country than we have read
for many years. They represent trade as
being active and increasing. In Mexico
they are increasing their maunfactories,
both for cotten and woollen goods. and
are cultivating sugar with great success,
producing large yields of-a fine -quality.
They alsecuitivate largely miscal, which
they use in place-of hemp, for bugs. ropes,
&.-.; of its roots, they make a fermented
liquor, known as pulque, and also distill
There are many citizens of the United
States disseminated over Mexico, carrying
on a large portion of the commerce and
manufactures of the country ; these ir ust
suffer in the event of a war. Report met
the companies of MeGaffin, Dr. Jeffers,
and others, with about fifly wagons, within
a day's journey of the Arkansas; two days
behind, met the company of Mr. Houck,
with. eighteen wagons, met two smaller
companies, one with two and the other
.with three wagons; met a ecmpany go
ing to the State line, to trade and trap.
At Council Grove, met Mr. Algeue, with
The Simerone river was dry, and the
company had to dig to get water-many
watering places that never failed before,
were found dry.
When the company left Santa Fe, it was
known that Garcia Conde had been ap
pointed Governor of that province, and he
was expected soon to arrive. .
Just before the company left Chiluhua,
the people rose and compelled those in
the administration of Government to re
sign, new functionaries were appoinied,
and all became quiet.-Jeffersonian Pep.
From Mexico.-By the arrival of the
barque Ann Louisa, from Vera Cruz, we
learn that the Mexican Government were
making great preparations for nar; they
had taken all the guns and munitions of
war out of the Castle, fearing, as was
alleged, in the event of an attack they
would fall into the hands of the Ameri
A large number of troops had marchbed
for the for the frontier of Texas, the whole
force when assembled to be under the
command of Gen. Bustanmente. The
Mexicans say that the U- States are send
ing troops into Texas, and that they (the
Mexicans) will ma~tch through Texas 0on
their road to the capitol at Washington
without declaring war.
Congress has passed the bill g-ranting
to the Government the loan of Jifteen mil
lions to carry on the wear, and this amount
they-confidently expect to raise in Eng
land. The American squadron had not
yet arrived at Vera Cruz, but were hour
ly expected. It is the opinion of promi
nent men at Vera Cruz that Almonte
would be elected President, in the event
of which they say war will be inevitable.
The Ann Louisa brings only $19,79S in
specie.- Cour. 4EnBg..
NEW ORLEANs, Aug. 30.
From Texras.-The stesmship Klim
arrived yesterday from Galveston, and
brought a full mail of letters and papers,
but not later than the advices already re
ceived by the Undine. In place of resort
ing to our files, we make one or two ex
tracts from our own correspondence, re
ceived by the McKim. We cannot find
any further intelligence than has already
been received here.--Payusne.
HousToN, TEIAs, Aug. 22, 1845..,
*Gentlemen: We are mat as yet disturb
.ed in the leas; by the wur rumors which
seem to be waking you up in New Or
lieans. The Mexicans made noa showing
en the fron tier. The last accounts from
the Rio Grande represent that the few
ragamuffins lingering in that vicinity
were in miserable plight.
We learn from Austin that the Conven -
tion had nearly concluded its labors, and
would propably adjourn before the close
of this month.
Up to within a fortnight we have had
one of the fmeat seasons even known in
Tezas. The crops was never more prom
ising; the corn, which exceeds the crop of
any-previous year, is already made ; and
the crops of cotton, especially in the river
-bottoms were never better; itn the uplands,
however, it is beginning to sufier for want
-of rain, and must fall short a good deal il
it continues dry much longer. Here and
at Galveston at as very dry..having been
without rain for two months, The health
of both places, however. enntinues re
markably good. I never knew it more
healtny any where than it has been notbi
here and at Galveston this season. W.
[Exeracrj ArcstIn. Aug. 9.
We hope to adjourn in about ten days.
Mufnh or the Constitution has already
been engrossed, and therefore not' subject
tib be--atnended but upon motion to recon
sider. It think we shall give in in' such
- -'A. s will please our fre, in the
Unitea states ant be acceptable to our
-From tie Picayune Extra.
L'ATEsT -FROM 'COnrUs CHRISTI-ARRI
4 VA 'oF THE ALABAMA-No
FieBTIrtO YET. .
NEW ORL.EANs. Aug. 30, -A. .
By the arrival early this tmorning of the
fast sailing steamship Alabama, Capt.
Windle, from Aransas Bay, we have in
telligence from Corpus Christi up to
Wednesday evening last. One of the
editors of the Picayune came passenger
in the Alabama, and brings the latest
The most important intelligence, 'per
haps, is-the non confirmation of the many
late exciting reports relative to thc move
ments of the Mexican army, and the prob
ability of an engagetneut betweeu the
forces under Gen. Taylor and the Mexi
cans So far, there is no proipect of a
fight. Gen. Taylor, himself. does not
anticipate such an event.
Gen. Arisia is at Matamoras with about
2000 men, entrenzhing himself, and
knows or General Taylor's position. It
is believed that if Arista had marched at
once upon Gen. Taylor when the latter
first landed, he might easily have over
c me him, and so on with other detach
ments as they continued to arrive; but it
is now too late. Our army at Corpus
Christi at this time numbers some 2000
strong, and is in a condition to resist five
times that number of Mexicans. The
country. two, between the Rio Grand and
Corpus Christi cannot now support an ar
my in an attack-one oafthe principal im
pediments being a scarcity of water, of
which there is little or none at all.
On Sunday, the 24th inst, the Alabama
aechored off St. Joseph's Island, in 53
hours from the Balize, with troops and
volunteers from this city. On the pas
sage there was a little iough weather,
witti epsiderabie thunder and and light
ning. but no accident occurred, and all ar
rived in good condition.
The next morning all the troops latrded
and went into caRtp on St Joseph's. Maj.
Gally's and Catptain Forno's companies
1-f artillery, embarked for Corpus Christi,
thirty five miles distant, on board the
steamboat Dayton, and joined Gen. Tay
lor's encampment the same evening.
The schr- Edward S. Lampden, with
Quarter Master's stores, from New Or
leans, arrived at St. Joseph's on the morn
ing of the 25th.
On the morning of the 26th inst. the
U. S. brig Lrawrence, Commander Jarvis,
arrived from the Balize, and came to an
chor off the Island of St. Joseph's. All
well. When the Alabama left, the Law
rence expecter to sail on tne 29th-yes
The schooner Mary Wilkes, from this
city, arrived at Aransas last Wednesday,
having on board Col. Whistler and Maj.
Stanniford, of the army, together with
hors-s, stores, &c.
Mr. Ringgold, who passed through this
city soie time since with despatches to
Texas, arrived at Arransas on the 24th,
from Galhesion, in the Texan revenue
cutter Santa Anna, with despatches for
Corpus Christi. He also came passenger
in the Alabama.
On Monday the 25th. we had news of
the arrival of the 2d Regiment of Dra
goons, under Colonel T wiggs within four
miles of Gen. Taylor's encampment,
which they were to have joined last
Thursday. Thoy were very forttunate in
thteir long match with thcir horses-not
having lost any. There were, however,
two or three desertions. They heard and.
saw nothing of the Mexicans on their
Near San Antonio there was a large'
body of Catmanchtes, (uhout 300 in all,)I
sotme of whom visited Col. Twiggs.-|
They seemed friendly, and much delight
ed at the United States making war
against Mexico. They informed Col.
Twiggs that they were going towards the
Mexican borders and intended hostilities
against the Mexicans. The daring or
these Indians is well known. A conver
sation not a little amusing occurred while
they were in the Dragoon Encampment.
They seemed to admire the horses very
much, and asked Col. Twigs if they wotuld
be allowed to steal any -of them. The
Colonel, in his usually eccentric mannuer,
told them that if they took any of his
horses hte wotuld hang them. The Ca
manches did not much relish this style of
" plain English," but asked if they might
not steal the Mexican's horses. The Col.
said they might steal wvhat they pleased
from the latter, but not to trouble any
thing belonging to the Americans, or he
would stritng them up.
During a thunder storm a few days ago,
a tent was struck by lightning at Corpus
Christi, and valuable servant belonging toi
Lieutenant Bragg, of Ithe Artillery, in
stantly killed by the fluid. Others were
considerably stunned, but they recovered.
Lieut. G. W. Lay, came passenger in
the Alabama, having despatches for the
Government from Gen. Taylor.
The sehr. Florinda was at Aransas, to
Pensacola last Thursday. -
This ts all the news of the slightest im
portance, which we were able to gather.
So far everything at Aransas atnd Corpus
Christi is quiet. The troops and volun
teers are all well and infine spirits. Gen
Taylor, assve have already stated, does
not anticipate a collision wi-th Arista or
any other Mexican force. HeI will throw
detachments of the Dragoons forward be.
tween his quarters and the Rio Grande
from time to time, so that it will he im
possible fcr an army to advance upon him
withbut his being apprised of the fact.
With the men under his command, end
the excellent pieces of artillery-two
twelve pounders and six sixes-taken
down by the volunteers, from this city,
his position is, in every respect, perfectly
safe from any attack the Mexicans may
think of making upon him.
Deer and other game are plenty in the
vicinity of the p'ost. and the waters abound
in the finest gesh and oysters.
The Union ,referring to a statement..in a
letter front Yera Cruz. " that orders had
been issued and approved by the war
Commiltee, to the Mexican troops on the
frontier, to take their positiotn ten 'leagues
tacked to defend themselves"-adds the
" Should Mexico carry out this scheme,
we-ask whether there be a man. with- an
American heart in his bosom. who would
not put forth an arm to arrest the invader.
The National Intelligencer ay hesitate
to defend our rights and oiiihonr; but
fortunately for those rights and that honor
that paper is considered rather inthe light
of f'heoorgan of foreign influence than of
Anterican feeling. Let the day come
when it may, that the Mexican banner
dares to pass the Rio Grande, we are' sat
isfied that the great body of -the-whig par
ty will come manfully forwa to the na
If this 'language is intended 's an ap
peal, and to arouse popularJfeeling, it is
quite unnecessary. Never did this coun
try exhibit such an appetite for war, and
a thousand Nationai Intelligencers, with
all their lumber, could 1ot -check-this tor
tent, once the gare oden. Philadelphia
has sent to Washington to offer 5000 vii
unteers-Col. Jehnson writes t6 say that
he is ready with 10.000 Ken:uckius
and we hear the same thing from St. Lou
iii. And that the feeling which prompts
these otrers. is genuine and-no boastful,
may be fairly inferred from the alacrity
and emulous eqthusinsm with which the
Militia of Louisiana answered the recent
call to actual service. The people are
quite ready enotigh for a brush with Mex
ico, atid it would be as easy to raise 50.
000 as 5000 volunteers for the Rio Bravo.
We trust' there will be no need of them.
We do not believe there is ady thing se
riously true in the above stateg1ent about
the movement of Mexican troops.
[ Wercury. 5th inst.
The New York Journal o4mmerce
gives a list of the 29th C o , fromt
which we have prepared tfllowinug
There wili be (including Freida) fifty
four members of the Senate, of whom
our have yet to be appointed. (t)f the
fifty actual members at this day. twenty
four are Whigs and twenty six are Den
ocrats. The four to be appointed-viz:
one each from Virginia% Mississippi, Indi
ana and Tennessee-will most -probably
be Democrats, making the Seodif,- when
full, to consist of twenty four Whigs and
The term of earvice -if twelve Vigs
and five Democrats expires in :1847: of
four Whigs and thirteen Demtocrats in
1849; of eight Wbige'and aix Democrats
Three of the four to befiuete ill hold
office until 1851; the fduria froMissip
pi, (mn place of Mr. Wsal r. til 1847.
The Senators from Fidr h Vnotyet
The House of RepresenfdtiVd have all
been elected with the exception of six
members from Maryland and the Jour from
Missisippi-and tour vacancie" -de each
frotm Florida, Massachusetts,' o'e, and
New Hampshire. There are a ,tvo va
cancies trom death-one in N Jersey
met of the political character of the
House so far as elected, and a eimparison
in the same point of vibw with 1he lormer
Gogress. The stales are arlatnged tn
the order in which the elections took
28th Congress. 29 A Congress.
States. WV. L. F. W. Nat. L. F
Louisiana* 0 4 1 0 2
Illinois 1 6 1 0 6
Missouri 0 5 0 0 5
Vermont 3 1 3 0i 1
Alaine* 2 4 1 0 5
Georgia 2 6 4 0 4
Pennsylvania 12 12 10 2 12
Ohio 9 12 8 0 13
S. Carolinia A) 7 0 0 7
Arkansas 0 1 0 0 1
New York 10 24 9 4 21
Nw Jersey* 1 4 3 0 1
aticigan 0 3 0 0 3
Massachusetts*8 1 9 0 0
Delaware 1 0 1 0 0
K.lisland 2 0 2 0 0
N. H ampshire*0 3 0 0 3
Virgiia 3 12 1 0 14
Conneticut 0 4 4 0 0
ldianna 2 8 2 0 8
Kentucky 5 5 7 0 3
Tennessee 5 6 5' 0 6
N. Carolina 4 5 3, 0 6
Alabama 1 6 2 0 6
Totals, 71 138 75 6 127
Showing a Whig gain of five, and a
Democratic loss of twelve. Of the
members who voted for Mr. McKay's bill
for the alteration of the Tariff at the last
session ot Congress, and were candidates
for re-election, thirteen have been super
seded. of whom t welve have been suc
ceeded by Whigs and Natives. Of those
who voted against it, and were candidates
for re-election, sixteen are supeeceded of
whom nine have been succeeded by Whig
and N atives.-National Intelkzgencer.
Anti Matrimonial.-The lovers in Flor
ida hay, heen driven into annexation in
the rmost hurried manner. The laws for
bid under severe penalties, the marrying
of persons without a license obtained trum
the Clerk of tbe County wl~ere thie mar
'riage is to take place, and during tt-e ses
sion of the Legislature, whicb has just
closed, a law was passed to abolish all
these Courts, after the first of October,
a ithout appointing another officer to grant
marriage licenses. The consequence wtil
be, that all single persons must wait for
t.e action of a future Legislature, before
they can marry. Such an oversight par.
ticularly in a youthful State, is unpardec
able. The girls should call a mass meet
ing, and compel the Governor to call an
Starch factories.-T here are no less
thau twenty potato starch factories in pro
ess of building it tbe county of Franklin,
Maine. La',i year a single factory otn
Farmington River turned out fifty tons of
The amount, of Treasury. Notes out.
st adino on the 1st inst ant, it is officially
stated, w ae $742,014 18.
i Courier, 6th inst.
The Revolutionary Army.-It is pleas
ant to revive assoctations connected with
the revolution, and whatever has relation
to that memorable event becomes of in
terest. A friend who has been searching
among some old family records, chanced
upon the following statement of the force
of the United St ajes, and as a matter both
of record and of interest, we subjoin it:
State of the United States Ann'y in 1778.
FIT FOR DUTY.
11,330 rank and fle.
The Army of the Utited States Septem
Lt. Colonels, 43
First Lieutenant, 314
Second Lieutenants. 269
Pay Masters, 61
Quarter Masters, 62
Surgeons' Mate,, 50
Sergeant Majors, 68
Qr. Ma-ter Sergeants, 65
Druin Majors, 61
Fife Majors, 46
Drummers and Fifers, 997
Rank and File, 30,134
-Philadelphia U. S. Gaz.
Post Ojfire Statistics.-We have ob
tained from the General Post Office, the
following list of the receipts which have
been made under the former and present
post office laws. These facts may assist
in showing the present operation of the
new system. . The receipts of these post
offices are here variously stated-some the
average per week, and the others for the
mouth of July, In every case. they fall
short of ther receipts of the former law,
but in various proportions, as will strike
the reader's eye at once :
Old rates. New rates.
Albany, $400 per week 8250
Boston. 500 " 300
Charleston, 600 " 200
Hartford, Conn. 666 for mo. of July 550
Lexington, Ky- 276 July 1844 256
New Orleans, 1.000 per week 450
New York. 5,590 " 3.000
Providence, 300 " 200
Rochester, 1,100 July 700
St. Louis, 450 week 300
Utica, 818 July 425
Pittsburg. 400 per week, 175
Bangor. Me-, 405 Jnly 310
Buffaloe, 1.100 1 900
Detroit, 500 " 400
Mobile, 380 wock 131
Natchez, 350 Jnly, 190
New Haven, 900 " . 600
Richmond, 500 week 200
Savanah, 900 July. 550
have often pondered over the legal enact
ments, for the protection of the rights of
married women, and have invariably ar
rived at the humriliafting conclusion, that
with all the boasted gallatntry of our legis
lators, they have always been too sordid
in titeir provisions on this subicet. The
days of feudal barbarism, and the law of
primtogeniture we had imagined patssed
from our society. und our Statute Books
at once, but we find we were badly mis
taken, for still the marriage tie hinds the
property derived from the wife, and the
earnintgs and gifts of love, and paiernal
affection, are often snatched fromt her, to
pay in dollars and cenits, derived from
their- sale, the speculative anti indis4creet
debts of the husband Alabama and Mis
sisippi have stepped forward in imitation
of that glorious principle of the civil law,
which guarantees to wotmen, whatever
she has in her own right prior to mrarri
age, to be hers ini defiance of the improv
idence of her tiusband, and why should
South Carolina linger .in the chainis of
barbarism, and still permit the uodiaous atnd
heartscathing relic to deftace the fair pa
ges of her written law ? Are our ladies
less liable to want, or are their husbands
more provident and careful of married
wealth than they are in other States?
We imagine they are no:. and lamenta-ole
instanices come utnder our eyes daily, ur
ging the necessity of immediate action by
our Legislature on this subject. There
is perbaps no better evidence of the ad
vance of our civiliaation in tbe land, than
to see move~men's of the above character
warmly advocated by the intelligent. wvho
are charged with tihe formnation of public
character, by means of publbe laws-and
in the enlargement of the privileges of
woman-those who are to be the wives
and mothers of the sons who are to step
into our place<, and fill the spaces of our
shadows, when we depart, in the eman
cipationt of the civil existence of the wife
from that of the husband-attd of 'anish-'
ing forever the term feme Covert from pro
ceedings in the Courts of this State-in
efectinig all these desired reformations, wve
see honor sod distinction ahead ihr him
who does the noble work. We know not
who will be bold enougo to advocate a
general law for the relief of married wvo
men, and thereby making perfectly secure
their comfort forever. It is true the Court
of Equity cant telieve the married women
oh the State, by provisions wvithin its
jurisdictiott, but it is ungleasant for a
young and blushing bride to step out of
the honey moon, into a Solicitor's office,
and tell him he must file a hill of settle
ment, for shefears her husband may spend
her property, wvhich he had not as yet re
duced to bis possession: and we fancy it
would be rather unpleasant for her to see
the proper preliminaries before entering
into the "silken tie." For all these con
siderations-for the effectunal breaking up
of that wvorst plague of humanity, t"for.
tune htunting"-let some one make a move
on this subject.-Carolinian.
Georgia Tobacco.-The Savannah Re
putlican of Thursday says :-We have
eceived from Major WVm P. Bowven,
some specimens of L -af Tobocco, raised
this city. It was grown from. seed ism
ported directly -from Cuba. b) Messrs.
Lama & Barrie. and will compare admi
rablv as'o ,trengtb, color and texture, with
any article of the kind which we have
ever seen. We are informed that the
yield is equal to about 800 lb. per acre,
and the result of the experiment dispels
all doubt as to the practicability of pro
ducing the- article in this climate, and of
the best quality.
Major B has, during the past sea
son cultivated another specimen of the
plant known as the 'low peav-tree,'
which in size of leaf had quality, prom
ises very fairly. The seed of this was ob
tained through the kindness of Judge Ber
rien, at the Patent Office in Washington.
It is regarded as a very superior article,
and appears to be less infesied with the
worm than the plants grown from the Cu
EDGEFIELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBEa 10, 1845.
*We ill ding to the Pillors of the Temple qf
Our Liberties. and if it must fall,we zlper.
ishamidsi the Ruins."
As money is very sarce. and the drought has
cut off the prospect of the Planter and Farmer,
we have come to the conclusion, to reduce our
terms to suit the times. In future, we will put
the Advertiser to Clubs at the following low
For 5 copies for one year, $10 in advance.
"I10 " '' " 1750 "1
". 15 " 4 4 24 00 "
20 " " 30 00 44
Either af our present subscribers will be taken
as one of the above Clubs.
We hope our friends will exert themselves
in our behalf, and try to get as a few more sub
sbribers, as we are at this time very much in
want of the needful.
Ta. EGEFIFLD MEcBANIC's WASH
ingtonian Society, will meet on Monda3
Dr. V. Labore is expected to deliver
an Address, ou the oceusion.
The public generally are invited to at
TaE WEATHER -On Thursday evening
there was a heavy fall of rain at this place and
neighborhood. On yesterday ,evening we again
had a refeshing shower.
MILITARY ELF.cTION.-On Frilay the 5th
instant. Capt. Giles D. Mims was elected
Colonel of tha 7th Regiment S. C. Militia
At ant election fitr Intendant and Wardens of
the following gentlemen were elected.
A B. Addisoni Intendant.
Wardens.-Edmund Penn, Geo. A. Addi
son, B. C. Bryan and F. H. Wardlaw, Esqrs.
At an election for Officers of the Palmetto
Fire Comnpany of Edgefield, held on the 30th
uit., the following gentlemen were elect'ed.
C. H Goodman, President.
S. F. Goode. Vic~e President.
James B. Sullivan, Secretary and Treasuer.
W. WV. Goodman, 1st Engineer.
J. Cohn, 2nd "
Win. Legg, 1st Director.
Jackson Covar, 2d ''
N Ramey, 3d"
H. Cooper. 4th
John J. McCollough 1
Turner Crooker, Axzemen.
Mayor and Aldermen of r harleston.-On the
1st instant. the folloi'ing gentlemen wvere elec
ted Mayor and Aldermen of the city of Charles
ton. ti'r one year.
.'hn $chnierle, Mayor.
Wardens-C. M. Furman. A. J. White, W.
Riley. J. English. B. D. Roper. Jr, M. T.
Mlendenhall. C. Patrick, G. WV. Ingraham,.
J. Hunter G. C. Geddes, A. McDonald, and
R. W Seymour. Esqra.
T HE MAs-We call attention to the corres
pondence betwveen the Post Mast General and
the Hon. F. W. Pickens, on tl-a subject of the
mails. By reference to it, the reader will see
that there will be no change in the .transporta
tion of the mails from Augusta, via Hlamburg,
Edgefield C. H., A bbeville C. H , 'Anderson
C. H. &c., to Greenville C. H. The mail will
be carried as at present, in four horse coaches,
and at the same intervals of time. It seenms
that there was some misapprehension about the
matter, but thero can no longer be any, as the
reply of the Postmaster Genera! to Cal. Pick
ens, will plainly show.
CoTTON.-By the arrival of tI e Steam
ship Caledonia. at Boston on the 3rd inst.
we learn that the Liverpool Cotton ipar
ket was firgi on the 18th ult. and bad ad
vanced I-8d per pound.
DAODERREOTYPE P:r URs.-We have seen
a number of Daguerreotype pictures execo
ted by Mr.8S. W. H ALsEE, an Artist, who has
for some time past been operating in our Vil
lane. We but concnr with the general opinion,
i'n pronouncing die pictures of Mr H. most
excellent. Several of them are of the gentler
sex, true to the life, and of course -beautiful.
Th'e pictures are generally colored and have
a high finish about them. On several of them,
in the back ground, the Artist gives views of
beautiful scenery, such as mountains and trees
in full foliage. He frequently throws in pie
tures of other objects to please himself or thre
person who sits. for the likeness. The Daguer
reotypes are all gilded. and doubtless will be per.
marient. Mr. Hlalsee takes likenesses at a
very reasonable rate. and evinces great anxiety
to please We commend this gentleman t'o
the liberal patronage of the public, and hope
that he will receiVe numerous and substantial
tens on f their high regard.
We have received the list jnatber of tha
"scifntife American." the advocate of indis-.
try and enterprise, and Joutnal of mechanical
and other improvements. This paper is pub
lished weekly, in New York, in which'is the
principal office, and also in-Boston apd Phila
delphia. The terms, as will be' seen by the
advertisement which wa- copy, am two Iollar
per annum.' From the number before us, we
think,that the "Scientific American!' wig be
a highly useful and excellent Journa, well
adapted to the persons for which it- bas -been
specially got up; Many selections of an in.
structiv.o and pleasing character, will be found
in the number just issued. Whilst all classes
of persons will receive valuable information
from a publication of this kind, the mechanic
and the artist will be particularly beatted.
To the latter p.ersons, we especially recom
mend the paper. The typographical esteu
tion of the American is very neat. The pro
prietor promises sevesal engravings in the
Correspondence between the Hon. F.
W. Pickens and the Post Master General,
on the subject of the Mails.
E DOEEoLD C. H., Aug. 23. 1845.
Deaf Sir:-1 see that you propose to
run the Mail but once a week from Ad
gusta, (Ga.,) through Hamburg,'up to this
place, and by Abbeville to Greenville, &c.
I do hupe you will reconsider this propo
This route is through the most populous
and wealthy portion of this State foi 145
miles-and a population of 140,000 in the
Districts of Edgefield, Abbeville,-Ander
son, Pickens and Greenville, will be more
or less affected by it. We at one tine
had the great New Orleans Mail daily
through thi place, but that was moved
through Aiken, and the route now estab
lished is three times a week by this line,
which you propose to ieduate to a weekly.
In the Southeru States oul populatibnris
sparse, aud but one hatj are allowed the
benefits. It is witb us eipecialiy a polit.
ical institution, independant of its comner
cial advantages. In a farming and planti
ing country, the ordinary benefits of-the
Government are principally seen and felt,
through ithe distribution of its Mails; and
the political information they disburse,
produce sympathies and ties caliulated to
bind the Union together. In my-opinio,
if the Government denies to the agricultu
ral sections, the benefits of frequent Mails,'
it will do more to loosen the ties- of the
Union gradually and silently, (and there
fore the more dangerous,)' than by -almost
any other uperation.
The Postage ought nqver to have been
reduced. If the popul~u and commercial
cities felt its burthens they had also its ben
efits, and re-imbursed themselves jn. the
extensron of their trade and.commerce, by
the extension of their'torrespondence.- -
Besides their correspondence was finalry
charged upon their customers. I think
the political benefits in political inform'a
tion extended to a- country populationu!as
important as commercial benefits are.to
the cities. The fact is, that it is through
the Mails that our people are- to be edu
cated, and trained up topolhticainfmMi.
erties. We are juggled- and7.cK.eted
enough by the ?rdingpoliticians anda-s
sociated towealt of our great cities, as it is
now, but take away our Mails and-it will
concentrate all power in the /umdas of a
feo located at great central points.
I hope you will pae lung before yen
introduce a system of reformn such as~ihis,
the consequence of which may be' fatal to
Republican equality. Better to rely upon
Congress to alter the 4aiv of last session,
by exposing some of its great errors, than
to execute it by reducing the benefits of
the Mail as-now extended to agricultural
Districts, even though they should not ex
actlv reimburse the Government for the
Very truly and sincerely,.
(Signed) F. W. PICKENS.
To Hon. CAVE JOHNSON, P. 31. Ge,.pral.
POs-r OFFICE DEPARTMtENT,
1st September, 1845.
Sir :--1 have to acknowledge the receipt
of your communication of 23d ultimno, and
to-furnish you, in reply, with the following
statement of facts in the case referred to
terein. There is nowo, and has been fors
yars past, a' route in operation between
Augusta. Ga., and Greenviile, S. C., three
times a week in tour horse coaches.. Sev
eral applications were made to the Do
parment to change that part of it which.
lies between Greenville C. H. and Ander.
son C. I., to run. via Due West Corner
and Craytonsville, instead of -Temple of
Health, Centreville and Varennes, which
were declined, 'To effect the object,.the
members of Congress. from that section
ad, at the last session, a r'oute established
from Augusta to Greenville, running over
the same ground with.the route .now'in~
operation as above stated, exceptbecween.
Abbeville C. HI. and Anderson-C;Holise,
which the Act directs to be runisia IDqe
Wiest Corner and Craytonsville,'but con
tains no clause discontinuing any portton
of the old route.
TJte new route was advertised merely
because it was established by Congress,'
and, as is customary with all new routes,
for once a week service only. It is not
probable that it will be let, as it is compe-.
tent for the Department to change, the;
present' service-to embiace Due West Cor
nr and Craymonsville..if it shall deem- it
expedient at the lettings to do so, which
will' accomplish the purposes this appli.
cant: had in view.
Yuprobably mistook the special ad
vertisement recently issued for the regular
annual advertisement ; and, consequently,
concluded that the Department desired-to
rguce the present tri-weekly four horse
coach service to a weekly horse mail.
I am, respectfully, your ob't. sern'?;
C .TOH NSON, P. M. General.
Hon. F. W. PicKns, Edg. c. Hi., s8. C
Snakes.--The Fort Gainea (Ga.) Wing
of the 23d ult. says :--A couple of rattle
snakes, measuring between' six and seven
'feet in length, were killed recently in-this
vicinity. One was taken, by a negro-boy,
with a forked stick, on Thursday last,
roped, and brought into town nlive. It
measdred 7 feet in length, and 1II inches