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c We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it
VOL m . l o t
V T- -0 -A-l
W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
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EXTaACT FROM AN VNPUBLIsHED POEMI.
Maria sings! ye woods around,
List to the soothing, dulcet sound!
List as ye did, in by-gone days,
When Orpheus sang his magic lays,
And savage monsters of the wood,
Forgot their wonted wrathful mood,
And came from far in friendly bands.
And knelt and licked the poet's hands.
A rusttc on the maiden gaz'd,
And seem'd delighted and amanz'd;
And as she swept the light guitar.
Deem-d she was from another sphere!
Tnz LOvrt TO UIs FLF.ENO MItsTREss-A.
lifairest and best, thou art softly sleeping,
To ake alas to Pi I
Thjlg-angg ey will ith
. 'hen' aN'haltopen gin -
Over thee lovei nvate~h amleepting,
I'll gaze whileI-remnain,
Josephine! Josephine! Josephine!
Oh srilo as thou art wont uni mce swee'tly
Our moments they are dear, they are-fe*,
Thei fly, alas, how fleetly.
- Adieu 'Adi eu'
Wake from thy sleep, for soon we sifall sever,
Perhaps foreeer, bright maid!
But from my heart, thy dear image never
While life'endures, shall fade!
As I have lov'd, thus love me ever"
Till in the grave thou'stlaid,
Josephine ! Josephine! Josephine!
Oh speak as thou art wnt, to me sweetly,
Onr moments they are dear, they are tew,
They are flown, alas, hov fleetly! -
The editor of the Galveston Nersa. whWi
has recently travelled through that portion
of Texas bordering on the coast betveen
Galveston and Matagorda, exteidiug from
.50.to 'IU0. miles interior, and in-cluding
Austin's Bayou, Oyster Creek, the Brazos.
Bernard, Old Caney. Peach Creek, and the
Colorado, says that the Cotton crop in the
greater part of that region is much stiperior
to anj be ever saw in the United States;
and he believes will yield fromt 150)0 to
S4000 pounds to the acre.
"The-sugar crop," he says, "is, now
generally made, I have seen but- two' yr
three sugar plantations, and upoo'these tht'
yield is-very little short of 1000: pounds-to
the acre, besides the usual piopornoon of
molasses. Mr. Sweeney on the Bernard
has about 70 acres itn cane, and has already
made nearly that number of hogsheads-ot
sugar decidedly superior to die- ordinary
New Orleans qualities ; some of" n will
probably be exhibited-' in the Gulveston
market, and will speak foi itself-" --
Saistics of Hog.-We -meet in the
Baltimore Sun with quite an-interesunfg
table of statistics in relation to thesesnimals
By this it appears that there are thirty itl
lions of hogs in the United States, and-forty
Lsix millions in Europe. T1he.' European
hogs have divided their favors among the
various states of the continents in. the -fol
lowing ratio.:-Russia has -16,000,000,
Austria and Great Britai 6 eacrn',-rance
5,1Italy 3. Bavaria, the Netherlands~ Swe
den and Spain, about 7 bet~ween themi,
and the remaining (bree millions are
scattered among the- other ytgtes. Ve
hope some of these days to be l'urmsioed
with the statistics of the phppty; .but in
this case, the censtsltakers mnusiLbe Careful
to make a distinction between tha7 biped'
atand the quadruped-varieties.1,.
The Hon. W'. -L. Yancey -'rhe Wa sh
ington. .Correspondent of th'N. , Eve
ning.Paothassthe following complimentary
noticeoffthe'sbove named getttddiSn:
"Mr. Yaineey, of Alabam~WOa'is4ada
dressed the, house-on the reference or he
presolutions, .is not .surpasse$ia gpubhi
'speaker, in any deliberative iIyof whih
1 have any knowledge. %f:"s every;
logical, and witi--clesp 1eTeU~1g
and if he continues rnnblt. . Atll@'b
one of the mnost 6~mnefl'neUId
ADDRESS OF MR. EDWIN D.L1EON
We are indebted to a Student of the South
Carolina College, for a copy of 'An Address
delivered before the two Literary Societies of
the South Carolina College, in December,
1845 by Edwin DeLeon, of Savannah, a
member of the Euphradian Society." The
subject is, "The position and duties of' Young
Mr. DeLeon wi a citizen of South Caro
lina, quite recently, and removed to Savannah,
Ga. He is well known as a graceful and
pleasing writer in the literary jonrnals, and is
now a contributor to :he Southern Quarterly
Review. In the pamphlet before us, he de
scants upon the duties of the generation who
are coming, or have just come upos the stage
of action. lie gives a rapid sketch of our pro
gress in literature, science and the arts. He
also gives some notice of the literature of other
countries, especially of the cheap publicatious.
which he condemns unsparingly. We will not
tilt a lance with him, about the matter, but
however objectionable many of the cheap
books and pamphlets may be, they are perhaps
equally as valuable.as divers heavy tomes which
are published daily. and quietly laid on the
shelf, without being read by any person but
the authors. We are in favor of cheap publi
cation;ouilves, bat we desire t see the stan
dard of all such books publbshed, considerably
elevated. The reading public generally. will
not buy costly works, and it is to the interest of
publishers, to issue cheap -ones. Standard
works can be pultislied in a cheap form, and
wewould be much pleased"to see a larger
number of them in circulation. Will not
some of our publishing houses give more par
ticular heed to this matter I A tarte for such
reading, we think, could be created, and the
comninnity would derive thereby, considerable
benefit. u e would he pleased to nmke seve
ral extracts from the Address before u. but
can only afford room for the following bio
graphic sketch of some illustrious scholars of
Thick and many are tht names which
crowd upon me, as % orthy of all praise;
but the fleeting moments warn me to
be biief,.and I can but, pause long
enotigh to- pay .a passing tribute- to tne
mtinories of. three,. selected from - the
C40ber;fdii-yjiunfus N66tsarid -14fgh
5' LCege nie whidely differine il
many ;espects, but .similar -in a broad
philanthropy, and an" intiring zeal fot
the honor,-the interest,and the intellec
tual elevation of South Catolina !
The first was an eminently. practical
man; a thorough utilitarian; valuing
what he considered the useful, far above
the beautiful ; a man who would have a
reason for every thing ; an earnest and
sincere disciple of the school of Ben
tham and of Malthus ; a school which
las had its day ; based, -s we now be
lieve, upon narrow views of human life,
yet numbering among its adherents many
01 the most powerful and cuitvatevd in
tellects of that period ; but aniong them
all, it would have been hard to fin: more
varied,-etensive and ready knowledge,
than that contained in the capaci.aus
bitin of Thomas Cooper.
- Of f1i r-ligious heresies I do not
speak ;save to remark, tha. whatever
val ying opinions may be formed upon
that subject, th'e're can be bit oil" as to
thi- parity ef his life, the extent of hi-;
cquirements, and the unbounded phi
lanthropy of his heart, whose kindly
pulsatioinsever bbau in tinisomn with be
nevolence and charity, until stilled in
death ! Peace be with his as'aes. WVil
fully, lhe wronged no main; if he did
evil, (as etme be'lieve,) ii was because
he conscientiously believed it to be ad
vancing ,h:- cause ot truth ;-and those
in wvhose hearts the bitternese of former
controversies may still ling. -, shaoulge-.
member, that though it is human to-enr,
it is divine to fo give ; and ::oncede to
nis menmory the praise of having been
one of the earliest and most zealous pi
oneers of science and literature in his
(if Henry Juniius Not:, wvhat caW' F
say that you have not already anticipa
ed me in ? for mnry of you are familiar
wit h his- worth ande his usefulness. As a
Belle Let ters scholar, he had fe w eqtals
and no' superior ; possessing, too, the
rarer liculty of imparting to his class
te samet love of literature Whlich ani
mated his own mind ;-and'thi' most plea
satnt memrories I- retain of my collegiate'
career, are connated with the honrs
spent in his lecture roomn, listening with
rapt attention to ilhe gushing flon -of hu
inor,.wit and knowledg , which pouared
ith melodious flue-ncy from lips otn
which, in- itfancy, :he Attic b.-e might
havefound a fit resting place..
Nor 'is hi's absence more 'to bo de
plred as a scholar titan as a man ; he
was aItving example to-the youth tun
4cr iis ching, o'l all, the qualities'whiclt
consttiie the perfect gentleman; for his
eanner was always marked' by that tir.'
taiftydtad1niesconsiderationy for the
felkn~thr~ve is tfh'etruest teist,
f'thae chneartr ndr U karnei'n
whether we respected or loved him most.
Nor was this confined only to the Col
lege; in society he shone with equal
brilliancy ; yet he excited no envious
feelings, for he never had an enemy in
the whole course of lis life,
"None knew him but to love him,
None named him but to praise,."
and thugh he sleeps, like Lycidas, be.
neith the waves, yet they have not
pi oved the wateis of oblivion to his mem.
But of Hugh S. Legare, the scholar,
Critic, jurist, orator and statesman ; who
in his single person so combined oil the
varied excellencies of each, in such
perfection that it was impossible to say
in whtich lie most excelled; cut ofi in the
midst o his usefulness, while fresh lau
rels weie twining for his biow, how can
1, with my foeble utterance, speak in
fitting terms of praise ?
" Quis desiderio sit pudor, nut moddi,
Tam tari capitis!"
Yet happily is it not needed that I
should notdo so; for "his praise is hymn
ed by loftier harps than minn ; and his
'ulogy pronounced by on", companion
of his youth, friend of his manhood,
best fitted by association, attainments,
and eloquence to do full justice to his
lofty them.e; for what more fitting than
that Cicero should recount the triumphs
elf Honenosi1u, ?
Yet may we not seek to confine the
lustre of his fame to his native Staite
for though his mortal remains may moul
der in his ancestral vault at Charlest'.n,
yet, in the noble words of the Grecian
orator, "the whole earth is the sepulchre
of iiustrio'us men."
. From the Columbia Chronicle
Ta COLLIOE-PRFEsIDENT PRFsToN's
A memorable era-for good, we trust
in the history of the South Carolina
College, commenced on Monday last,
in the assumption of the duties of Pres
ident.of that institution by the Hon.W.
C.' Preston. The occasion-apart-fr'om
the "eieal satisfaction w hich all classes
tanre of e station-, of Mis e
tlem'ta-n as made particularly gratify,
tig by the delivery of an Inaugural Ad
dress to the Students in the College
Chapel. Although no public invitation
had been giveu that an address would be
made, a romor had gone abroad that one
was expected, and the Chapel was crow
ded with an au litory composed of the
most respeciable ladies and gentlemen
of Columbia, who hid embraced the op,
pottunity of hearing :ho distinguished
orator. The Address was delivered
eith nuch pathos and fovling; and while
it commanded thw d. epest atte!,tion of
the enlighm-n-d audience', also elicited
their unqu dbfied approbation. We have
beeti polit-ly favored with a copy, whi-'i
A D D R E S .
Young Gentlemen of the College:
Emering upon the office to which the
Trustees have HtppUinteJ tme, I have
thought it not inappropriate to present
myself to you ina somewnat formal
way, and to make a few remarks which
the occasion seems to justify.
The intimate relations whlich ate here
after to subsist between us, invomlving
very gtave tmcsponsibilities on my part,
and the deepest inter ests of life ont yours,
will be the more readily and efficiently
established by an exposition of my un
derstandiug of our most prominent res
pectiv.- dutiesr and of thme feelings and
purposes withi which I now assume mmir.
I. has been rthe pl-asure of the Trus
tees to call rme from walks of life very
remote from those I now enter upot.
For many past years I have been busy
amnidst the active pursuits ofien, taking
sotme parts in affairs, where the conrflici
of interest, the collissionmof intellect. and~
the tumult of streniuous and stormy pats
sionms, left but little leisure for .those
calnm and meditative emuploymenits whiCE
are the occupation within these waltls.
After thirty year's absence from themn
I re'turu, but in n new and trying condi
tion; with sympathies in all your par
suits, t be sure, andi tastes not entir ely
alieniated from science and literaiure,
but with a deep and fearful anxiety thal
I may, inde--d must be unqualified t
discharge the trust as it ought to be:
Under a conscious deficiency, I wo~uld
have shrunk from this aflic", hut that .1
yielded my opinion td that of those
for whuose judgment and experience, rinc
krnowledge of the Inst itutiotn, I have ar
entire deference. 01 that Boatd o
Trust--es, whose coe'maod I'obey, I car
safely affilmt,.that having~ in the chance:
of lifer beir otcasionally throwh wil
men distinguished by t;he consent of the
wvhole country,-F havd indt foun~d gn
where, even in- those' exilted !stations te
which aanation's interests calls' its-mos
~6innVA1aMdowedA bade M
To its dis a tslligen5y q
the destfiuies iherisiri- instit M
tion are welli1ld tyv
self to confo ishes witi be
sane impli.i dFacewhen'vet
may think it uitslOf tvate
life, as now, nuish th pair
suits in com tthim.,
I have the in aguisg
in their judg _j has ieedfj I-6ri
of one who IblitStat,
on some. idh iii es
tions. To be d asiis t4ui u--n'-,
der such cir:cu ce to.
out solicitati a &-:s ace-o* 0
dece and ho i tein
the hopes, b e lffietion efbI
State are so di
with gratitude Kpp
painful sense 0 IPA
swell of stron ntiopsrvl*
heart, all vani
sciousness of c
What I bb
tion, and wh
sort make am'
other respe re
tial love fa .E
a solemn sen R -aniy
he peimitted 7.Q ers,
witb the wvold . U b,
in adopting "'
of seeing my b
of ingenious d CiaI gO
laudable .aeaa A fifivc
important or o
to instruct th
"'A efuit q
ndi, fore jui
In-tlie-pleasiig taskriosirich I now
address myself, it- wdIl be my- constant
effit to- promote youi studies, and to
prepare you fo- the duties of life, (more
important than life itself,). with such
stores of learning as may be acquired
here, but more especially. with ardent
and virtuous aspirations, to acquit your
selves with honor hereafter.
The immediate ind ostensible object
of our association is the pursuit oflearn
ing, and this might sren to he out sole
purpose; but. iu truth, learning is only
a means to. the great end we have in
view. It is an-instrument whieh is pre
pared and fashioned here, with some in
struction as to the mode of using it. It
is but the armour, but 1 part of the ar
moor to be worn in the battle fie.ld of
life for the achievement of honorable
and glorious victories, for the triumph
of truth over error, of virtue over vir,
of right over wrong. And althou,;.
cherish the conviction that there is a
nat ural and intimate connection b -t ween
knowledge and virtue, yet I know that
they are not inseperable There have
been melancholy, instances of great in
tellectual powers, united to acquisitions
from the whole circle of learning, with,
out a corresponding motal elevation.
These, however, I regard as anomilies ;
} rejoice t~o believe that in the general
ord.-r of Providence, whatever enlarges
and exalts the intellect, promotes, puri,
fit-s and invigorates the virtues of the
heart. If I dlid not believe in such a
connexiaon, F would abandon myself to
indolence and' despair. But the noble
sad distinctive faculties of man, whose
combination constitutes his dignity and
glory, are harmonized by his Creator
intb a concerted action for a tommon
piirpose. . Whatever enlightens the
mind improves the heart ; as the sun,
which illminates the atmosphere, wvarms
tihe earth,.and although it may happen
that his beams are reflected from fields
of ice, yet his general mission is to call
forth whatever is useful and beautiful,
and impregnate with vitality the whole
body of nalur?.
True knriwledge is .the knowledge of
trut h;.as:it .is saidinteGeasha
nothing' is. beautiful bnthe tie ts, tha
the wide sig'nifcation of the word, it may
be .said that nothing is good but the true.
To confer upon learning its just digntity
and importance, it must be considered as
subsidiary and auxiliary to the paramount
ends of our being. .Ii must always have
in view our responsibilities-in3 this life, and
the awful responsibilities of a. far more
exceeding weight hereafter. You are to
be made tntellectual men, that you may
be fit for moral agedts; so that as you ad
vane. in leacning, you may-tidvance in
the knowledge and appreciationl of virtue,
remembering always that the lamp' whlich
.you light ups is not a gandy sho, to
please by its varzteat radiance, butr~ is
W46r.for a. mo're usefulind noble
h 'ow- you amidst the doubli
ng rrot~and of passion shieb obl
ucure juraey tirongh.life, itheoiiily
anays "auuadspatfisof a..pece.
U h arfiibg.a ofdsael"is , gracef
and ornamentaf and knodleim:s*wer.
bit I.oning "and.knhiedje -ttamt-heir
true beauty a
nited to viriti :senitui bled
and, -s ePia i CS -,by" ,
making the 4ighe4 i
eure. ie ig
heera jad. eh r
alli ira: sssirable.>T il
whieb'nak e.eleman rn
nets which b ititizen
eo I a. -which
bel ~to 43Tbiis my
d P pd p rp o (or
ca if we anpr,
dain a corres ing
iins 0 uen
eas oin borersin
the.same c49 lt. yare pros'
Pcr'6f-a u W t bae This. our
see m'" a a s 0 f hoje an
LOY e rwar witia r:and
c tq ai~ 1ounato rlgj- es or a
ric oe g and stil arte nr
aer trio her r -as
L anN~be ti-rong l
value o a notment i.ch
have al 'ed, h of im nt
cd:Iqse io e.g
did igd .s i unitrdtion. oi
sili ege * en ly uponthel
lo -ii assedfthe pidd ci
add a ready er-zal.
c m nute d r~h amail litnTI
the governwentivhose deficiency depends.
solely upon it, must fail in its-nip ogjactaj.
You cannot, young. gentlen edLjob
ought not to be governed by mere dint of
law.-you must feel that there are other
and higher rules than it imposes,-indeed
other anJ higher laws than are to be found
in our statutes-laws in your own bosoms,
written on your hearts-hejlpenalty for
disobedience to which, is the consciousness
of wrong.-and-the reward of obedience,
the consciousness of rigit. r ..,
It may, and perhapsmtrust be necessary
wherever human nature isto be governed.
to invoke the interposition of the law
but our habitbal, and by far most pleas
ant, and as we hope, most efficient appeal
will be to your honor and sense of right.
. We do not indulge the chimerical ex
pectation that a moral discipline cad be so
far enforced as to supercude an occasion
al application of penal laws. Our obser
vation of life permits no such hope. for
in no association whatever-ino senetsesor
councils. can be regulated by thg..jnere
discretion of the memb'crs-rnfi less
can it be expected froiri the thoughtless
ness and passions of the young. - Acts of
discipline must occur, and when the oc.
casion requires them, they will be firmly
and promptly applied-but what we do
calculate on is the prevalence ot'a perva
ding sentiment, that will render such a
necessity inifrequent-a sentiment which
willispire niore fear of offence than of
The impulsiveness and impatience be.
longing to your time of life, naturally
make the degree of exertion and industry
requisite to your proper advancement,
irksome andspainful to you. Indolence
presents hersolf to the young-aye ! and.
to the old-in a thousand sed aeing forms,
Industry is of a hard and crabbledaspect.*
The one seems to point to a smootihe and
flowery path-the other to :arugged and
painful ascent-but around t.hat..seducing
path lurk all the ills of life-and that
toilsome ascent, at every step opens.wi
der and wider a broad and, beautiful pros-.
pect, and leads evemrually eventually to.
those elevations to which the noble spirit
asptres. . .*.,a . -
Indus:is the prolific mother of many
virtues: She produces as well as austaitns
them; they all cluster around and nestle
about her, growing and strengthening by
care. Genius itself, that divine quality
which seems to be instinct with innate
power, and to rise by its own upward ten
dency-genius itself is piumed for its
highest flights an:l trained to'them by in
dustry. .it it an utter mistake to imagiue
that any endowment can dispense with
labor. It is a fatal error into which
young men fall; no great1 achievement
ever has or ever can be effected without
it; the mode of its application may be ob
scure, but its presence is not the less cer
lain. We have heard of the -forest-horn
Demosthends -" of natnre'sdarling
Warbling his native-wood notes wild'?..
"of the blind old man of' Scio'a rocky
isle." -These :wore .men of, genins.. nu
questionably--lut- .Hgnry,. and ~laku
pear. and HomneW!,ret also ueo'of (s'
bor ; theyhad- the bein
bd wredstled igfht~ '
Onvi zntercoutiss, I trust, gf
inesde by the- courzes~~
.losten 'My governsteuzl J~~
by The affecti6i-of. :dre
faslon'the - -
-.1 trust - also entlemen;
oilcial and's-oeial relatns -m~
that hen yor goidtnitjn woIr
certain byW upeien'ee
I collegeg with- ic h.11a-j
no indifereot feelings,e
he chaces of- life thr4
Yoyng 'en,f h!
ther.-. T m
ipe tigt iherewo
i add p .
lowedthat hori0 etest; pe ao Irah -
e . ri W i .._p
eigners ih th beud volaime-f 'myEdc.
No one hasi evdie spoken so' .arerss d
on the subject sal-have, sod lis?Iiisaj as,
I then stated, if (foreignbriarrives har
let him make' up his-mind .weihe.i
will acuept of-theizonshjip offered by
the laws or the land, orP.0fer to j-ive as
an alien. But if he takes she-oatl or'-a
legiance,4teraziust he 'abioluteily goed ~
.1o hts acting in any shape or-manner a's ~' -
foreigner; and.. to congregate-in times of
electido.undr the banners' uh' .rms
sons or Eri,.":.or the."Notle Sanse
Germany," as. I have see n anysel or.ai.
any wa to bring a feMing argising"ou..
a common antd foreign extreetibd''r'oar
upon'elisetios or other pbliial sub3dt's,
rails litale shoi of treason againutL-ho
sovereign of the land, and'is p asivel,
rank treason agaiost the-civic. hof tiality.
which lhis country .ofer.1 us a ally
es natura offere- bniuntifully, e ei6jj pii
land to the people. sand if th-iioreigner
is too huable inintellect to see sptreasoO n.,
he commits, those ngive cititis perpeto
ate ror him thebaime agaiishtbe vital
of. their own dotry- who aN er, feast,
fuddle. bribe and- sedue the needy (or.
eigner or stolid pauper. . .
"If, however, any one were to imply
from this passage that Ireeau to conocen
snce those parsons.. ef the .Ndtive party.
socalled, wh'es-i. Wholk #loetrine may ba
expressed in this grat 49gma: Vast. V
merica lay before us; we, a few, hassene
thither, and having arrived, wsnt to lok
the door behind u, sgpas tfhe whole ox
tending white race, ag in the teeth of he
very law of expanding~ civilization, which- . ~
has ever beenthat o? r.olingpopulation..
if any oite were tb suppose that I feel the , .*..
least sympathysih these egotist, ._
must hae st-raligly mistaken my mean
ing. I know but. one atuve party inthi
wholePountry,-which, without solecism.
might adopt the name of nives...h..l. '.
diat. When I address an assembly la' -. .
this country, whom do I see around ma e
but foreigners, or sons or grandsma o
foreigneri.? I think the limes of t holg' .,
Daniel .De Poe, in his satire, The Agg
born Englishman, in which he bhshed-ih
English' "nativism" rutnniug, highagaist
great William the Third, apply etill 6ote
'But grant-the boat.Hocm's
to pass; - k
A true-born Englishma of Nrora e '~
A.Turkisha horse eaa show b' s . P
Tro prove his wea-dseenrda . .'*A. i4
In what cohnsists she tisstivM4 cpt
to this'soil, thia lanibis~c'tin
what uhsuierioritj hea tie
red main declayiag hima oT~o
ly, but. hims~hf the rekil owners ~ !..
thye Indian will sot or chagti-i v
ground,. if it rest' not in h
ship or Europeaiioood V ( t.
everg ti.d Ci 5 #
in tho fetpfate