Newspaper Page Text
. ce .
it t$liter yAse rm les
ditcl wrot for my Amertc.
If an o6ere..to surise from (he
~ e in my.Nhics that Fibinkyt fuar
Teris-not entitled to a position or. lace
O9ugh he be the fittest individual q it
- -linust presume that [ do niot think
i ygdauc h.to,*tadtotuhis ow.n I
-it'bout'cuthes, prop or pul I ha v
iaht to speak plainly on these iaters,
for two ibirds of the one hundred profess
rsofghe University in.Berlii, my unative
place$ibe foreigners.: IfT- is acknow
-edged ibe the -best for the place, those
io..h1a she power are morally bound to
appoint tm. They ought to get the sci
entific work they stand in need of, dono
by T-; on- ibe - saime principle that the
British lord goes to Stolz the German
i lointonoudon, to ,gei a pair..of breech
es, ?ccou.e Stolz makes them better than
any uative tailor. People waste a great
man-v nords of most noble import in their
-proper places. when talking of foreigners.
Uheap patriotism that ! Envy to tihreign
eAbelongs to tie times when -percgrinus
was: equ valent :o hoslis;" not to our
Christian period, and age of brond cast
knowledge. .1 think they never had- a
better professor in Cambridge than Eras
mus1, t foreigrfer. We find in the his
tory of all modern natiotis- foreigners
mitn"g the most promitieut benefactqfsvr
1e1D ers on the pai' of glory, aud among
th)e staunchest and most loyal citizens.
liavi'; leti their native soil, they .cling
the faster to their choice, as the h-sband
cleaves the faster to his chousen compamion
t ian to his kin. Has any native Spat
jard done for Spain what Columhns the
Genoese did ? % ho led the. E~nglish to
our North Amp4ica but Cabot, the Vene
tian ! Whai".British unonarch was so
English a king as William the Duien ?.
hat inaive Neuitwrlander was as ivedded
in is ouur ya-\illiai of Orange, the
Germ an, h rat foinded the republic,
ard then cenen ed ti firmer with his mar
tvr blood ? Vnat..Swedo has been more
wedtsh iumtni ter e the Frenchinett?
What Frenehman Erench than Na
poleon -the it * ' hat German so
Gerian ' Eugene, the Savoy
prince n .t France,? What
nati or as national and
gr .Second, a Ger
in native Prussian
the great king of
rsi.e Sc:1 IsCuvier
no e p artie, though lie. nas
by i a ucation a German So
was. Benjamil Constant a Swiss. -No,
'Engh man ever labored more faithfodlh
Pir his couutrythan Sir Satnuel-Romily,
a whose -'Frethveins ihere did :not
ip a dop o- English -blood-" It was
the ot gese Magellast.bo discovered
StPacic.nd ..e ziraitskbih hear' his
nmte, ytivth Esailed lie did not un
url his nat ivei riessand.Glo ',-but v-e
s and Lidns of S pini.-- i sea the
W14d6 hiftowed frimltheveinsof any
4! b4pi --ore inerican thyn
i eff u h rel.WMontgomer.'s
hany it 's..German beartl
-a n&aerican7 kins
Aa t gt i hscitizen.pled6
teas:se -n any
~ P~O~y~Ctkkera ttD uiiliscoa.the
1&: . - -_=W A Y
- Oh -Oldsare tilled' by nasyforeig -
eis 'Amuh our most 4toenious artians
are rfiwy foreigners. .At our.bar and in
our councils are many who saw the first
light beyond the seus. Among our great.
est:iierchants. are .foreigners.. Itn short,
6reiguersjhelped to tou*nd the republic;
fqe-ligners have done great and sigualser.
viee to her, and numerous foreigners are
* eyery where in those classes which form~
tlie se'at of vitality'of any great people.
WVhat then does all this talk about foreign -
ei-s amount to ?
".You say, Mr. Y- replied to your ar
guments in favor of T-. that atier all.
* there is a difference between a na'ive and
an adopted citizen. So thero is. We
emigrants are from choice of action, what
the natives are by chance fC birth.
*. if Mr. Y-'s were laying low on the
sick bed, and the best physician tinppenied
tou be ia foreigner, he would surely nt kill
b;e wife by nativism, and why shouldl the
*nielleet of the young be cosidered less
utiiortant than the sull'ering body of otn
adult; for, .1 argue all the time upon the
assutmption that T- is thefittest person,
as Y- has admitted..
--Ilaving said so m~ch oni the stujeci
far more than I intended-I cannomt help
adlditug one more rernarc. .it is often as
serte~d by the ' natives" that emigrants
cannot understand our government, antd
consequestly the citizensh'ip ought t0' be
i*ithiheld from them. That a proper pe
rind ought to ela pse before they are allow -
ed t take the oath of aelk-gianece. I most
willingly admit. But I go further. A
dopt foi- all proper election laws-lans
which demand the publication of lists of
legal voters, suibject to correction, previ
nus to the election day, and they will do
more against illegal voting thatn all the
clamor of nativism. The govertnmenit of
theLnited States is no more a mystery
than- that of atny other government ; and
a certain number of years is quite suffi
cient to impart to a sensible matn a kncowl
edge cftit, anid aw.akena in a generous
heart, affections for it. It is certainly a
remarkable fact, that the best accotants of
complicated governmrents sent always to
havem been - given -by. foreigness. De
Lolmera native~ of Geneva, has given.
upon-the whole, the mrost practical ac
count of the British Constitution; De
Tocqjueville gave the best account of the
-working of-our organic laws, and he is a
Frenchman. Sir Williamn Temiple, an
Englishma~n, a~nd Basnage, a Frenchmen,
liave gtven the ounly clear and serviceable
accounts-of the very complicated govern
in.nt of the Unuited States of the Nether
lands. A forliori theu, foreigners cannot
bso wnlly unfit thoroughly to prize and
peoietrate the government of an adopted
- ohnryr -if I am answered; All emi
gnit re not De Lolmes . nor De Toc
a~lls, I reply : Nor are all native
ifitzei e barhlls, Jeffersons, Calhotuns,
Clasys or Websters.
i. K Serne (Demn.), has been
ledlm ~oionress from the first Con
e e oisiaa, mplace
- G ~
It can hardly be sa.
e tmatino qnanm
kcntug,(4nd be rh ighly
ed. 7i1 am told, today, that the di
plomatic corps, or at least a espectable
portion of it, deem war as very probable
If a war should arise. and not for Oregor
alone, but for the purpose of checking the
progress of free institutions,lit is more
than probablo that Russia and France
ill also take a haAd in hostility to us.
indeed, it would i~em th;tt we shall hav
our band. full of fialiiina-quite euough
to satisfy the most clamorous war man tc
his heart's content.
.She-uld lr. Allen's Joint Resolution
annulling the Treaty. pass 'ho)th Houses,
as is possi'le, many suppose that waftvill
take place at the end of the year But
we shatl soon have some,iutel' ace from
England that will :tend to co or dis
sipare our fears. '
Air. Bowlir. introduced a bill for estab
lishing a territtirial Govenumnt over Or
The Oregon nut ice bill was t aken up.in
Committee of the Whole.
M Giletnof Maryland, made a speech,
assertin- the-right of the U. S. to all Or
egon.~ ~4 Britain wanted it) go ta
war would do it whether we
eave ;or not. Unless the ques
1ion 8A.be settled by treaty, there
might heiar. He did not believe that
Great Britain would offer an ,icoinpr
mise that we could accept, nor would.sre
accept any that we qauld olier. had
lately offerekher a p hic, in
the judgement (if tbe-whblorid,- would
he pronounced lililid r part. -it
was amazing to hiteUT aited with
her history that she did not accept the
491h. if the coniet shotid .otme, it
wrould'not be forOregon, Iut. war.wuld
he waged against'Awnericing ogress
The rejection of-our. offer by the British
Minister was rash und impolitic, and over
it he believed humanity %:ould have cause
Mr. Levin, of Pa,, follon ed and spoke
ith fiis.characteristic enthusiasm, strong
l.y.supporiing the claim -f he United
States to the:.n hole o-Oregona.g -1%iL.
laimed Oregon not only fromti the title de
rived from discovery, ociu pat ion;ind pur
chase froii Spain, but also from otr'own
natiotial claims, fundedon conguity,
and upon our own iaiioi ;destity as a
The Senate did not sit today. It the
House. Mragrni es. of S. G.. reported a
l1ill from the Uuimmittee un Naval Afrairs,
to provide for the promotion ai.d appoint.
mient of officers to the Revenue Marine.
A McDonell, offered a resolution in.
stracting the Naval Commiiteep make
itiquirici into the number of ships"Tand
steatmers of the .m'ercantile marine, over
00f huAled tons, and te practicability
ot converling them ,.intiua maratime nia
litia -. r- a
Mrr'Aurtifrom tlke Coneineeronp.jil
itary Affairs reported a ill providinfojr
now so much apprehended by- sim' -and
talked of by all ;
The Oregon:untice was again discussed
in Committee, and Mr.- Hunter, of Va.
made a most excellent speech, replete
with eloquence and forcible argument.
against the policy ot -giving the notice -
lie had satified himself that our title to
Oreaon was good. No one would be
n illing to sacrifice a loot of it south of
49. Many were unwtllintgto give up any
portioin of it. unorth 1)1 49, all having the
samie object in vie. , the quustion a as
how it could be obtained. He (Mr. H.)
tho-ught ii could not be obtained by giving
the notice. Mr. H'advisedJ'that we should
le t the miatter rest ; that we should go on
and settle Oregon; that we shouldl appro
priate thousands and hundruds of thou
santds of dollars to the promtotion of the
coltonizatittn of Oregon. By this tueans,
we tiold secure, ultimately, and before long
the whaole of Oregon.
Mr. Andrew Kennedy, of Inda. spoke
on the other side, and with much vigor.
and originality of thought and expression.
vindicated the policy of giving the notice.
\V ASrIll~ToN, Jliin. 12, 18-46.
In the Setate this tmorning, Mr. Fair
field from the Committee on Naval Al
fairs, reported a bill providing for the in
crease oh our Naval force, It authorizes
the Secretary or the Navy to have con
sruciedl ten iron steam vessels of war,
viz :-three frigates, five sloop., and two
smtaller i esseis. It auihorizis the Presi
dent whenever he may deem it expedient
to have ctompleted and placed in commie.
sion) all vessels niow on the stockg, etc.
TIhe amount appropriated is $5,625,000*
It was laid on the table arid ordered to be
Corrjonzdence of thre LEe. News.
As Mr. Henton conitnded that 1is bili
for an additiotnal regimient of riflemen was
a peace mteasure, so ou behair of this hill
ii is contendLid thait the vessels ate all ne
cessary for the completion of our peact
establishment, and that it has no reference
to , ur Foreigmi relations. People may
say what ihey please, but the rep~orting' o
such a bill at this piarticnlar tinie, giver
color to a diferenit idlea.
Mr. Dix presenited a memorial from thn
widow of Alexander Hamilton. relativi
to the piurchase of her deceased husband'i
papers. It was referred to the Librar'
Ceommittittee. Mrs. Hatmilion is still ii
he city and freguenatly visits Mrs. Aladi
tson. It is an interesting sight to see thes'
two relics of the olden time conversin;
M.r. Bentoni reported a hill for the re
peal of the Salt tax. Some bushels c
petitions have been presented, askinig th
passnge of such a hilt. -It is hi tim
that some action were har on the subject.
Mr. Wescott informed the Sencie, tha
by an- act of the Legislature of Florida
the name of his colleague had beei
changed to that of -David Levy Yulee.
This was the origitnai family name previ
ous to their emigration to ihisicountry.
Mr Calhoun presented i-esointio~ns froni
Georgetown, S. C., relative to the Tarifi
nd askiung thisesablisfhment of: a W-BPe
lP. a reso
pied,- rile .Com
ava aquirc into
ntions r aar steam
s to re njthe present
C the'de the Gulf of
- Mr. Allen called bp te jWint resolution
reported by him last week, froi the Com
mittee on Foreign -Relitibns, noihnri::intg
the Presidenr to giteteiire'e Telalivie to
Or;gon. With a-view ofifflirding every
Senator an opportunitof -well consider
ing the subject, he moved stpone the
further consideration of the resolution till
the 27th iust.
Mr. Haywood expressed a hope that
furthei time would be allowed.
Mr- Calhoun also hopid, iat on so tm
portant a subject, the diost ample time
would be given to Senairs to make up
A fter additional discUssiotnila further
codsideration of the r-Oditu614a was post
poned to the 101h of Frebirarf." The vote
was, Yeas 32; Nays 18.I bjesolutions
of lr.fHanegan, on the same sbJet with
the amiendment.of Mr. Calhouti thereto,
w also postponed .1o. the.same day.
Tlis.loos as if a conciligot" spirit %ias
On motion of Mri-. Douglas,,the Com
mittee of the Whole was diichargel from
the further -considertion of the bill re
ported 6y him from the Teritoriul Corm
mittee, providing for- te settlement an10d
organizatiou of PTerritorial .(overnroent
in Oregon, and the hill was reconmiifed
to.the same Committee for-the purpose of
amendment. It is supposed that the
clause -graning 640 actes, to each settler,
altd whiclhas been so highgy condenned.
will be stricken om. The recommitmctgt
of is -bill, taken inl conI''iton Mith the
p-' oneieut of Mr. AIlens resoluions
-in t Senate, showsit ie suggesltions
of Mur. Calhoun have poii een nithout
The reninder of-Ihe'ny as devoted
to the consideiration", in Commititee, of the
on Foreign Affaim.
Mr Toombs, of N. Y idvonated the
giving of the natie, but-4ith the qua lifi
cation thathe President hashave a dis
cretionary power, as toihe prdper time.
Mr. Hamlin of Maine -was 'or .giving
the notice withont any qu ah tiun. He
contended that the tinte was gone by
when mild measures'o od4he. of any
Mr. .J. R. Ingersol sum ipted an addi
tional anendm.-at to th.e tfect that the
President be -authorizeL:,ar-iny time he
may think proper, to open, negotiation
with the British 46overnmenet for the pur
pose of 1erminatitig eIm66 vention of
Correspottdencp of theC$$Mr, Toer,
WAsHzqTM ian. 13.
The anietyoff 0e pujliUmnind, in re
gard tiNour For ign- Relatiors,--it appears.
is somevrhat ahaed:bygi 'e. ong-vote That
was gien in the Senate'y rly, for the
po'lponement the B nuotliog the
Conventon f .SW.6 we that Mr.
ClauatI iegh real ill
resi'ent ilinglaid for eampromi
sing, oa'the trasisd fthe 49th parallel rte
Senate is ready to rafify ii-a fact hither
tit doubted;., The whole stren'th of :Mr.
Allen was 18-just on;- third of the Sen
ate. The atasentees would, e-c:h of.thern,
have Voted iar t':e postponement ;.and it
is, therefore. safe to say that two thirds of
the ennte will ratify any treat) of com
piromise that tthe President will he likely
to manke. It is only to be feared that the
President will never have tan opportunty
to make a treaty tin the batsis if ite 49th.
That he would most gladly do ii, especial
ly now that he is c. ritioaof support in the
Senate, there is no dloutjh
In the Senate, to-day, Mr.'Allen gave
no~tice that he wuld introdutce a resotu
tioan declaratory of the prinyiples by which
the United States w-ill he governed. in re
garut to the initerpositiotn of the lpowers of
Europo in the political ;affairs tiC the inde
pendent nationis of Amecrica
This had relerence to thte La Plata af
fair. It is fortunate thtat we have so 'ta
ny good subjects of gearrel with roreigni
nations just now-for it serve's to e-xercise
the laculties of our great meni.
Mr. Bentton introdneed his bill repeal
ing the duty on Salt, w'hich lie has been
vainly laborinig to achieve for 25 years.
Mr. Berrien itrotdtuced a resolaution in.
qtuiring whether ay further legislatiotn is
necessary to enaforce the Act oaf 1844. reI
ativb to the establishment of a post roaute-,
by sea. from Savamna to Charleston.
The Senate spet tw'o hours in E xecu
The House spent the daty in calling for
reports and resolutions.
Correspondence of thre Evening News
In the Senate this mornin, Mr. Allen.
piursuant to notice, askced leave to intro
duce his joint resnlution, declaratory of
the principles which ought to govern its im
case of the itnterference of foreign powers
with the independent governments of
Mr. Calhoutn expressed his astonmish
ment that the Chairman of the Cotmmir
tee on Foreign Afinirs, shotul, on his own
personal responsibility, and without con
sulting a single member of the comnmit tee,
seek to introduce a resolution of en impor
tar.t a character. After further remarks.
he gave it as his opioimtn that the very
act of the omission of Mr. A,~to cotnsult
I the committee, was of itself a suflicient
reastan for refusing leave.
Mr. Allen defended his motion on the
ground that in pressing it, he was carry
ing out the recomtr endations of the Ex
f Mr.- Calhoun rejoined. dnd again pro
tested aga inst the -introduction of dny
such resolution on- thfe -individual respon
sibility of a rentleman who held the sta
tion of Chairman of the Commintee.
After further conversational -remarks,
Mr. Jarnagan moved ta lay tbe motion for
leave on the tablew~
The motion prevailed.
:In the House, as'sioon' iithe journal Was
S.j read, the consideratton of-thd joint resolu
f iotgiving the Oregon itieo,.was again
-I resumed im Gommittee of'jle Whole..
Mr. Stenton iook the.foi-,iild:tade a"
trarm iptebeh.in givinjlghe 'iotf as a
peace- ieasure, and- in deatance of the
'Mr.- Gordon followed on the same side.
He thought we were a well prepar-d
for war tow, as we ever should be.
Mr. Brinkerhoff. also, breathed defiance
t6 any power 'Which should attempt to
prevent us fiomi taking possession of our
Mr. Wentworth was afraid the people
would say, there was a good deaiof hum
hug with reference to this Oregon buincss.
They would say it was all talk and no
Alessrs. Yancy, Houston. Chipman,
mnd others disclaimed having been pa
ties to any bargains on the subject.
Mr. Wentworth replied that he chareed
no such thing. He merely exhorted
Southern ger.tlemen to return the compli
meni.sith regard to Oregon.
Mr. Chipman made a humdrous spe.ech
full of anecdote, in support of oui claim
\4 hen he concluded the Committee
rose, and the House adjourned.
The small plx is now raging l'earfully
in this city,. and yet, thle authorities ap
pear to be asleep.
Several propositions are now befoi'e
Congress, for the purciase of various pa
tent rights for destruerive projt-e:-i!es Ibr
harbor defence, and for fire ships.
From the Charleston Mercury.
ABOLITION AND OREGON.
W e have heretofore extracted from
leading New York jou.rnal, proofs that
the movement of Mr. Adams and his tail
is lutkeJ upon hy his own political friends
as only a new phase of Ahoittio-or
rather it is Aholitition developing. its tilti
mate design and real character. 3Mr.
Adams. .. ho for long years has as n pub
lic man had but one predomirieti idea
hatred to the South and war tipon slavery,
now takes the. lead for war-measures
against Entgland, and Ihrgets every thing
else for the sake of Oregon. Mr. Gid
dings follows and supports hint. and at
the same time declares in languige ot
course and brutal exultation, thaut war
with England wvill revenge The q.arrel t
Abolition witlh the Suuth, and for that
reason he goes for it. This is the positiun
of the Abolition leaders.
The N. Y. Express nhbich is as little
given to sympattize %with us as any of its
whole Whig brotherhood, spetaks in the
" We make light of these grave sports
in the logomachic ring at Washington, for
we see, or think we see, in the turn the
debate is taking, atid the breeze that ir
springing up, the starlight of peace,-of
a contnced, prolonged and happy peare.
As we have been for sonm time anticipa
tingi this Oregon question is becoming
pretty much of an Abolition question, and
if it does become so, it is very certain nt
warlike steps can be taken in the Senate
of the Unitea States, unless the honor of
the country calls for them. The moment
Mr. Calhoun showed his hiand, and Mr.
Addms tonk ground against him, fiollwed
byso distinguished an Abolitionist vs Mr.
iddings, there was a pretty clear indics
:id6'that' fro m Virginia to.. Teras there
k no 2arfijrdiV-rnnn W'A
do I-'tilin -whei Mr. Adams' and Mr.
qiddings' speeches get among the people
f the South, the Oregon fever will cool
f 'as fast as hot water cools when the
hermtoitterer is in the neighborhood of
zero. On such epeeches as Mr. Giddings'
the South never reasons, buit feels, and we
therefore set down his and Mr. :Adam
speeches as the great pcace speeches of
he session. Mr. Calhoun, throgh them,
ill unite nearly all the slaveholding
States, nov. fifteen in number, for peace ;
and unity among them, or nit approxima
ion to it, is ntow soverteigtnty in this Un
Oregon-Mr. Calhtoun.-Tihe .Souh-J.
Q. Adams-and War.
Among 'hee developenments which have
reached us iftis week, is that made by Mr
Adams. . We tnoticed in our last. the wise.
udicious and masterly statestmanship' il
Mr. Caibtinn. as exhihited in his councel
iatory resolutioins in the Senate, There
is one man honever, who even otn the
verge of the grave-is ever wakeful tt the
rling~ passioni, haired, unidying. unquten
ehable hatred to the South, her institutionis
and prosperity; n ho defeated and silh need
for a time, has been waiiting for a
death grapple, anti has seized this otccasin
to fastetn his vengeance upon us. The
seech of Mr. Adams foreshadows the
acomtplishmenit of all his hatred to the
Slave States, by hiurryitng us into a war
upon principles wshichi tmust be fatal tthe
South, whether successfutl or not, lie
goes not alome for Oreanmn to its extretmosi
limit..;, hut for the Canadas and ah the
British pts.essions nt t his Conttineux!i
Now on the South, as tmosi exposed, wsill,
burst the fury of the wvar, for it will be for
their conqttest or rtuin Englanid will strive
-if she is successful, we are rumited irre
trievbly-if wse are successful, and the
Canadas are conquered anti annexed, we
shall tie at the mercy of J. Q. Adatms and
By the0 las' atdvice's receivied from Vera
Cruz, by the L.. S. Sloop of WVar, St.
Mary's which arrived ii Pensacola on thte
18th inst. after a passage of 11 days, we
learn that the H~on. Mr. Shidell, our Mitn
ister to Mexico, had nuot been receivedi by
that government. We anoticipate our im.
mediate danger from Mexican hiostillities.
Mr. Calhoun.-!H[s resigned his posi
tion as chairman of the Finance Commit
tee. General Speight of Mississippi has
been ro elected to discharge the duties of
that post. From a personal appreciation
of Gen. Speight, we confidently predict
his talents wvill prove adequate to the
onerous duties of the position. Carolini
r'ho Hon. Geo. WV B. Townts. (Dem.)
has been elected to Congress fromt the 3d
district in the State of Georgia to fill the
vacancy occasioned by the resignasion of
.W. Poe, -Esq. rhis is a Demoicratic
gain, a'nd gives that party a majority in
their Cong ressionalI Delegation Barn
WI'e will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of
-Our Liberties. and if it must fall. Icc willper
ish amidst the Ruins."
FDGEFIELD C. H.
WED?ESDAY, JANUARY 21. 1846.
All Job work done at thisoffice ier'eafter,
must be paid for on delivery.
Rain.-Atier experiencing fair weather for
about -i week. there was a considerable fall of
rain, at this place, on Thutrslay last, and on
Monday night we had a severe rain and sleet,
which continued to the tine our paper went to
MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY.
The citiyCns of this place, are requested to
meet at the Court House, on Saturday next,
at about 11 o'clock. foi the purpose of taking
into.consideration, the formation of a Mutuai
Insurance Company. All freeholders are par
tlcular ly retluested to attend.
We are indebted to Dr. LaBdrde. of the
South Carolina College. .or a copy of the Ad
dress of the Hon. Wm. C. Prtston, to the Stu
dents of the Sounth Carolina College. Also,
for a catalogue of the Trustees, Faculty and
Orrgon.-By referner to the proceedings fif
Congress, which will be faund in another col
omn. it will be seen, that the Joint Resolution
to annul and abrogate the Convention with re
gard to Oteg.mo. made etween Great Irain
and the United States in 1827. is -itphed
till the l0th of February. The Resolution will
be the special oader on that day
Jewish Cha-nge of Sabbath -A Germtrn pa
per says. that theJewish lieform Committee,
4iti ne at Frnnkfort, has decided that the Jew
ish ab bath shall h~reafter be kept on Sunday -
Madame Rothschild.-This remarkable lady.
the mother of the Rothschilds. so celebrated for
eir immense wealth, is about 100 years old.
She resides at Frankfort, in comparative sim
plicity of style, as is stated.
Trinity Church in NIet Yokk.-The prop.
etty heid by rtitjiiy Church, in the city
f New York, is estimated at one hundred
million of dollars.
Negro Editors and Legislators.--A. New
York paper says, thirty-two . editors.of news.
apers in the British West Indies' and twenty
t.V4, .members 'of Legialative Councils, itre
olored tien. sev'eral of whom' are negroes.
A Runaway 9lfAch.-An Ohio paper repoats -
the narriage of a couple in a. buggy acagou,.in
rront'ora Hotel, at a place called alontau.
[he parties werC in a hurry.
'Te Nashville Rail Road.-The Legislature
ifTennessee,have granted a charter for the
Rail Road. extending from Nashville to the
Georgia line. When this road is completed, and
h'- Capitols of Tennesse' and South Carolina
ae connected. and nur --wn Road is also
inished, we intenud to have some rare fun, in
trilp whichl we will make. On som bright
norning ina stammer, we will fly away like a
ird u pon the locomotive ulight at Nashville in
a irice, take a peep at the monaster giant, 20
eet high. which they have for exlahition, in
hat city, dine ont "hog and homamany."~ kiss aI
nmber of the moat beautiful. rosy checkedt
~Vesterna girls, (if thaey will Ie.taus.) tand come
ack againa to the sunny South. before we tarei
.PnTr oF -r. PEasIDrNT OF 1THP. BAsE OF
TUE .+rA-r oF ouTrn CAantaSA.
We haweread the Report of the President ofthe
ank oft thec State of South Carolinaa, idade in
prsuance of a call fromt the Senate. It wotald
fford u, taleasuare to paublisha this Report. but
its great leangth precludes. It is sufuicient to
ay. thaat it Is highaly satisfactorily, with regard
o thte cndaitiona of thue Bank. and shows clearly,
the imapolicy and fully of exposing Id the public
the names of the defaulters to thec Bank, and the
unas which they respectively owe. The Sen.1
te wath great nananaimnity accepted thte report,.
ad discharged ihe President of tlae Institution
from anay irthter anaswer to the call made biy
e resolutiona, anad ardeted an extra numher of
theeport to hie printed. We can only make
the following extract from the report of the
->Of the defauilters to the Bank, some are
doubtless more or less i-riminal, while more
are themselves victims of their own or others
misfortunaes, tar perhlaps even of the dishtonesty
of others. Soame have faithafully surrendered
all their properly, anad paid as far as they had
a cent. Matny are dead; others have remno
ved ; hbut most of them are alive, or htave dei
scerdants or relatives, ad whose feelings
would he deeply woutnded by thaese exposnres.
Who can safely, azt this late day, say wvho nf all
these arc guilty, and who innocent? The
sense of all, especially comnmetcial comumui-n
ties, is againast sah proceedings, and all the
sympathies of hutman nature will take sides
with the weak and opprcssed - and if it be
done. thec regaad and good teillof great num
bers of its friends anad customers will be turned
into hatred anal haostility to y our Bank; ;at will
bccome rmire odious than a pittblic execution
er,tasmuchas it sacrifices the dead and the
inocetnt. No mani whose name is in its books
will ever feel scafe', for no one is so strong in
wealth or so high itt credit, that visitatioans of
Providence or the failtare of those he trusts
may not rob him oh amtple means to pay his,
debts, and leave hais namec to be exposed an the
catalogne. The customers of banks are al
ways sensitive and easilf ;alarmed. an~d they
will not feil to regard thtis as an entering wedge
-the beginning of a series of exposures which
will ultimately embrace every' other transaction
in your institution, aud -annahilate evea pro
tction to their lausiness wvhich is provat kin.
.he chiarter-the. besi,ofhempvtall leavejIt and,
go . atao the private institutions where Baik
dam urs, galihdd illtbe left for the
.Bank oDhEtag or i herefqsedas ~jespe
rate,.1rhe ends# eass)3. (b old-ts business
and: dr desiryedMl ed, and tle
Statesubjected to lues'of.fearful amount..
in the adaninistrative ,policy-of -the Bank-in
its charier. - What ir- there -o lhduce as to
make it ?iHave 'priate: BanI ewerawak'
to their ovn.-advantage. seais beexample?
Far from it; they know too wellU" s roceed
ings would be fataltotheir intethe
past history of the Banik4f tih 'o-its
necessity? Let factaprve .seanswer.' It
was chartered at the boganiiigofi tnwl r
with England and hagi e':,
sides thi,4 wa it has passe thri a e vmnar
the most fearful and tryingsidissi h whr
human pursuits kn-eve3 fbjeced
convulsions and reverstensm. .ommefeand
Agriculture which has produced the'mst haz
ardous -contition in .e4affaim'f-.AtsMan '
individuals. By a faithfuladheMlince to-ite
charter.it has been conduJqted afblii fpris
perously amidst all these trials-fdr athird of a
century; and besides,iti :Sa*,maps.
unnunbered, gsvmg.relisad g its
Citizens, and eventthesati a
served its-whole capital,,'
enough ofproif tocyria
bad debtsrered e tlh -
likewise paid a nelt profitf.
cieding seven per cent ii3h
and to the State debt. '.t n y
it any bank has or could have
The TariF he H bs
a Representativu riu Ma1a4h
s ritten a letter to ih.e eifi
eiror Spy' in which he coisio
Sion [hat befate ei be~enes e r
is sealed, and the princileqle j
will be triunmphani; H;.ia s
sion on the:fact that fier eA
hon 25 Democratic membeij7 n .
upou ;- horn ie Tariffites -can
n Mile or the success of their rmeaset
Sillirequ ire all the Whig, qimfai o6 d , i
the Denocratic te.pe*kos o
arresting the pasage oUthe4F e e
I tm the Senie, will'eii :I, ear
ival or the Texan Seafators,'id f'o s C
tili be Free Trade men.
*ore, "saysi Mt. Hudson. ai "'
-esignation; ,that we a : 1
o D-.mrocratic Free Trade.I ,
The rdllowihg Preaable an ion
xtrre recently passen -u bi itifState
Donventio of South Cerolin'a: M
"Whereas, the Rev. Judsonis 'now
n this country. and .it would.afrdhe
lighest gratification to our ch-.c to
eceive him in our rpidst. e
Resolved,'t'at bi. Iudson ne affe on
ately invited to visit the Sraif b
Darolina, and to abide-witb .
be may find it convenient; enaaldi e
assured -if our Mostn paefu'd!9 ea'gitiwi
bim, and our earnestilesire ibebd kehdtbis
'ace, and to welcorrie .himf tiutd1ires*
aud our hearts," . . 9 Rvj4 .
A Fire at Coucord, ,'. t
hursday last, in ie: grcerypaotef
esers.- Cilmiore & ..lp nav r if.,
,oad depot. That aodeh
ag were etirely de rroy T
oenamed a ve r at M
nostly groer es.and1:1
ained severa cai's
-all of whidb iwe r .d f
naured MA0b1iHe j
and S-5;000.i -
nen's and NationaithisIito
n Bo'ton-.5,000irresaht. r a ~
omnpany htayie, Iais IC1d
he, buildidg i-orth $4,000 or d
ars wonh.$6,Q009 on.Ilqi there itasf -
u be no insurance. The tolskIpZwil
loubtless reach $66,000,
We have been informedthatl'le Gran- -
seville Manufacaudin Colia y -~
terarily organised':ai. a'inee -;of, e
5:',ckholders on the l4tliinsrt a~txc
if land was purchaselby ibe'm, 3Etatn
og about 7000 acr es.,embra'e iive loi
ix mrillsites, the best w ater-m on fireeeek
L Lommraiuee was app~ointed roproe ti
nediately to make ar~angemonrs for um -
ier sand bricks, to contrdct-for t he building
'f dams. and diggiii canal, atrilii a
mall expenseis tocosvIn' thie -dait~of
bree of the mill, sites. intooane.g a td.nig.
I to a point abounding withograntstsand
whiere the water will have apentedjdtar
'all of about 38 rest; and is suppbsedato.be.
n the lowest stage of water.wetral9in i
ower 10 400 horses. -...;
The Companay is again torneet in"Han
iurg. at the Hlsambu'a .Bank on Tstesdey:
'vening, the 10th March neuxwhmkit. 4
vill be fully organised--Char &dwe '..
We observe -thatgbe railroed-pdmpany
ire placinig squared logs of ?timbetM~on
he -Meeting-street road, -etwe'ent:Bun
Isary-street 'and the Rail Roaadgepaotlre
he purpose of constructing a rati.for.
onded carts, drays, &c; over tai jprion
f the public road,,.which is @ggtyry.e
nuch cut up, by the. .constantsasqung ofb
bese vehicles heavily laden.--GzraCqu..
George Popper, esq, thbe ali eitid
ten of Philadelphia, after the diseMttlr6
ate Jacob Ridgway, whosie death as
sterrtinued a few days .sitice'phasallft er
rortune of two millio'ns'of-ddi, investedN
mhnost wholly in real estate, and'-biond.
anal mortgages. This large estate will be'"
jivided atnong some eight or-tedebidrdn.
-1bid::. p 4
A hog 'hat is bemnired, is dev iasy 00
il he has bemired others.
A matn that hath no .virtne a himself
anvieth it in anothe.
A ni an's strongesuYau 'a -eneraly
atn his weaker. sideJ '
Co omis -Fo A
ra this aitii hanstbesn 'irttf :~h"b~in.
ieceiptaiid'tias Tb~e1 v
rheena quite thie revese w rhplrat a
loss to give cprrect qapaw~f les
made bein aet n
fromt 5 . ents.
Flotir, con rvn75Oh i