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" We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, awe
FggeXel& e oU1t B1ouse, a. 0 ~bI1fV ~ o
.,, .EDGEFI-ELD ADVERTISER,
-~ I . -BY
E . IYRISOE,! P'ROPRIE-TOR.
ToDorA.us and FIFT CENTS, per annuni
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es'Alfgubscriptions will be continned,
qoesuotheraise ordered before the expira
fion of lie year.; but no paper will be dis
coetinued intil all arrearages are paid. un.
Jemst-the option of the Publisher.
nyg.pA UrpO9dirocring five responsible Snbscri
rs I sL receive the paper for one year,
leatars irs ioni picinuslyinserted at75
-9eetiitjersare'. (12 lines, or less.) for the i
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-' essie"pubished monthly or quarterly. will
-.behrged $1.per square. Advertisements
K mr-aniig-.ti ninberof insertions marked
un gwll bfcontinued uutil ordered out
oW 0um1cations, post paid, will be prompt
laid itri-ittyattereded to.
A Joseph Abney,
70 KTORNEY A 2' L A W,
Threin"iel his office to the first door on the
4ght. in tleSeciond Siory of Presley & Br y
ult'kIrick' Store. Jan 21 2
W. H. ATKINSON,
,Av'ORNEY AT LAW,
Jay'be found in hts:Office, oppositeComopty's
Janary7 --50 3t
tiF undersigned have formed a part
4. .X nersiip in the.practice or Law aud
qi .One or the otter
Psitlattend .tio C.urts of Abbeville, Barn
Office at Edgefield C- H'
. L GRIFFIIN,
4J'n w M.L . BU 1A .
C 1The friends of Col.Joir QUrATTLI
a-A atinAunce bi ai a-candida.te fori he'
ce ' .C olector, at the next etec
~ The friends ofr ifinlars,
Eqannounce bima as a can dioefor the
oticelfJ.Tax Cdilector at ihe iist election.
.-Nov G.. f 41.
QW Tbrriejds of_ SAM'soN 1. '1.
,apnoince.hilu as a candidatefor the Oftite
ofras Collector at-the next-election.
Oct. 30 tf 40
( We are. authorized to announce
A. GraAIfAn1. Esq., as a candidate for
frdiny o Etlgeflield )istrict, at the
eb. 7 2
T 'he friends of Lieur. JAm: B.
BARS announce him as a candidate for
.heblffice of tax Collectur at the next elec.
0:7Wo are -authori.ed to .aH noUUC
}IA1titIAL It. SM11 i'll asa candidate
forTas-Collector at the next election.
Dec 24 tf 48
gjThe friends of hlaj. S. C. SCOTT,
Ounounce him as a candidate for Tax
Zollecior at the ensuing election.
NovG. 'tf 41
.7We'-are authorized to announce
OfficeofTai-Go~ector at the next elect ion.
769tie independent VsIters of
Edgefield District !!
. *'elotoCiizcs:-Contrary to the aid
G.id.and -wishes of- my frietids. I offer my
self" as apadidate for the office of Ta;:
,Copjetor,.uand -1olIert goutr suffirages. 'If
Glected, which I do not expet to be, I will
-discharge thestuties of the oflice to the best
or my abilities.
JOHN .4. McCO[ LOUGH.
SeptemberJO10.-.... - . z3
bRG S T ORE,
ffwoi1tlitrforim my friends tha-t'I -hiave
1removed my Store to the large and
Splendid. Warehouse, No. 8S, Third, ne-ar
MarkeStree, where I am *pyrepared to
fura'isfi aiy -friends' and customers, oot
F AM I-LY a ME DIIN ES,.
btut also with every description of Drugs,
cika~ler.Paints, Essential Oils. Glass
ere;erfumery!, &c.. in fact-,-.every thing
aitiselyjepl'by Wholesale Dealers. ,lav
fbgmade my purchases wholly for CASn!,
andfrom 6ret hands, I am enabled- to exe
-Clnorzders, by the package or other'vise,
av aiceaai Pure andEUnadultera
thine Unione-. a
pmin~ tn stoc before they make their
apre as& s.-~ DAVID JAYNE.
"No.M88 !ir1,ueds ,garke Stdeet
dte . i v Iif d s i
Correrpondence of the Char. Courier.
WASHI G'TON, Feb. I.
There is still mnch agitation here ot
the Oregon question, and views in regard
to it are variant ; but I hear that manv
sensible and judicious persons who have
the best means of information, believe
that the whole question is upon the point
In the Senate today, resolutions were
presented by Mr, Cass, from the Legisla
iture of Michigan. in favor of the assertion
of the title of the U. S. to the whole of
Oregon up to 54. 40.
A Bill for the relief of the securities of
Saml. Swartwou:, was ordered to a third
The Senate seems to lie determinad to
obtain some infbrmation, if any should
be in the possession of the Government,
in regard to the appointment and proceed
ings of the U. S. agent in Mexico, Don
Einelie Voss. Notwithstanding all that
has been said upon this sultject, we are
at a loss to know how ie obtained his ap
pointtment. what were the extent of his
powers, and whether he has received the
indemnity or not. Two resolutions fully
covering the subject have been passed by
At one o'clock the special order of t.be
day was c;tled up.
One of the largest and most brilliant
auditories ever assembled in the Senate
chamber, was collected on ihis oceasion.
Mr. Allen, as Chairman of the Commit
tee on Foreign Relations, comtinued his
speech in support of tho resolutions re
ported front the Committee, for the abro
gation of the Convention of 1827. Mr.
Allen presented some very origina.1 and
startling views-say eccording to Mr. A's
views, we are very far from an adjust
mnent of the Oregon question, for he stron
ty intimated that Great Britain had no
yher propositiot to make, and that the
ghestion had now come to a crisis, He
stated it as his op.inion-and, under any
circumstaaees, the -opinion of the head of
the Committeoe on Foreigo- Affairs, is- h
d. ...o. much consideratioti-that e
inerfere i tfiis.mi ter, fr e'pps of
insisting'that Oregon should bean inde
pendent country, and aeleckto the pow
er of the U, S.' He alluded particulinrly
to France and Russia-the latter of which
had a territorial interest- in the sane vi
cinity,'and the lmrmer of which-lid start
ed the doctrine uf a balance of power on
the Aruercaent Continent.
When Mr. Allen concluded, Mr. J. M.
Clayton took the floor for tomorrow. Mr.
Clayton holds a high and deserved rank
in (tho Whig party, and it may be pre
suimed thti he will speak their sentiments
on the subject.
The House, today. did little or no.thing,
;and bntt few of its members were present,
being fatigued and worn out by the long
and anxio:a sittitgs of the past week.
Mr. T. Butler King explainetd to the
[louse that he had withheld his vote on
the Oregon question for the reason that,
in his opinion, ilormation uccessary to
a proper decision on the subject, had been
held back by the President.
Corresponcence of'the Batt. American.
The tinmors are becoming so current
that the Oregon question is to be coupled
with the Tariff, .and rbe hi.tter sacrificed
to the furmer, hat I do nt feel at Lib-ty
longer to remain silent upon a subject so
important. The free trade tmembers of
Cong':ess have saddenly taken a moore
satisfactory turtn of tmitnd upon the two
questions. The Secretary of the Treas
ury, too, is about sending in his plan for a
newv law,. atnd there are tmany indicatiotns
which show the following facts:
That a tariff will be reported with a
20 per cent basis, in which will be inclu
ded all cotton goods, hemps, &c., but
which will em brace exceptions itn favor ol
coal, iron.,.sutgar, molasses and ready made
clothing ; mhese .aricles to beatr a duty oh
30 per ce'tnt. WVollens, coarse and fitne,
and worsted, to pay a duty of 25 per cent,
-atucl shawls a duty of 75 per cent.
This taif,~ I a. weli assured. will prove
so satisfactory to itbe British Governmnent
.that if it becomoti a law, there wvill he-no
difficulty in the way of a compro.mise of
thle Oregon: question, upon the basis of
the 46th degree of north latitude. The
-bargain, in a word, is in contemplation.
by wituieh the tariff will be seerificed, and
the Oregon question settledl.
The Comtmiiee of Ways and Means
have lhad the -object of the revised tarill
before them this mornitng.
Correspondencre of the Char. Crurier.
The Senate did not sit toda'y.. It ente
tains especial abhorrence of :Fridays atid
Saturdays, but it would appear that they
have a dkead .of the Oregon question, or
at least of action tupon it.
The Senate is ultimamteiy to decide the
Oregon question. The people .look to
them-the H ouso looks to them-the .ad
ministration looks to-them-for the final
settlement of this question.
Trhe viewua if the Senate in regard to it,
hfave been a matter of naucb-h p'eulkion,
amut.ini my gpinion, he~ speech- of' Mr.
.Clayton has decided .the course of the
Senate, and even that-of-the atiminitrn
,titiad of the nenntre. lr. '-lavtn,1
holds a rank in the estimation or the whig
party. second only to that of Mr. Clay,
and the general tenor of his speech is, as
was expected, favorable to the recommen
dation made in the President's Message.
His strong and clear views on the subject
or the notice, have, as is generally be
lieved, been adopted by a considerable
portion of the wbigs in tile Senate-tha:
Mr. Clayton has taken a ground that will
prevent the possibility of a war, is getter
A rumor is current and credited 4ere,
that negotiations tave been informally
resumed between Mr. Puckenham and
The recent tielligence from Mextco is
ofsuch a complexion, as to justify the
administration It withholding any recont
mendation ir ulterior address," of the
injuries we have so long sustained from
The late movements it Mexico are
such as to creato an impression here-that
Mr. Slitdell will be ultimately recognized.
rnd lie ablo to efflect the object of his mis
sion. There is no evidence whatever that
Gen. Paredes, as the present Executive
Chief, is unwilling to enter into a treaty
of boundaries-, nud of an adjustment of all
other pending quesiotns between the two
The posititin taken by Gen. Arista, who
is known t6 be in'flovor ol the most anii
ca'ble relation1 with the U. States, is well
calculated to influence the condnet of
Gen. Paredes. ,
It is well understood here, by those'who
are well versid in Mexican politids, thit
Gen. Arista belongs to that party or Mex
ican polticians who long cherished the
policy effecting a separiate and intlepen
dent confederation of the Northern States
of Mexico. connected with Texas. This
pJan wap efeatied by the sudden revolu
tion .m- Texas, which resulted in the in
dependentce of' that Slate. Among the
most promment men % bo were early ed-.
gaged in this project. were Governor Za
vala, and Gen. Mexia, and other very res
pect able officers of high rank.
These finportant.facts twere well.known
antd understood by the leading mnediahe
i eulutiouazdryu tie -
5A e65Flie 'bl 011
Werwment of --M3 Ic iii.nd eaorog to.
force thern to surreidder their e tittt
guaranteed to theit by-the asticles of con,
federation of- 1824, imd becouie a portion
of the central government subsequedtly
established by Santa Ana.
Among the rumnors afloat, is one tha.t a
message will go into the Senate, tbomr
row, propositig a basis of a treaty with
Great Jritaii, as suggested, infornally.,
by Mr. Packenham, to our Government,
and upon which the President proposes
to consult tle Senate. The rumor is no
doubt premature. But at the same time,
it is probable thit Mr. Packenham will be
instructed to oller an ultimatum, as to
which tle- Presidetit will, nn doubt, con
stilt tl e Senate, before ie rejects it.
It is non well understood, that tie
whole Atlantic horder is opposedl to a war,
and that they to tot see tio necessity of
onep. It has cotmte to be considered that
Atlantic const is tle enetny hield in view
by the West, and tlnt its destruction or
annoyance is the object of Western jeal
ousy and hostility. nore than any profess.
ed sense of national honor.
The Senate chaiber was again crowd
ed totday. and every avanue leading to it.
Mr. J, 51. Clayton, of Delaware, spoke
on the Oregon question. Mr. Clayton
has always held a ratnk int the whig party,
secontd only to that of Mr. Clay. His
views, therefore, will have a great infilt
ence amotng the most initeliger.t and con
servative of' the people of this country.
M r. Glayton's speech. which I l.istened to
vety attentively, struck me as a plain,
moderate, cumtmon sentse view of the
Theo form of theo notice which-he advo
cated, was thatt proposed by air. Critten
dlen, which omers compromise and concil
intion, It was .his belief that the atten
tiotn of the twp gove?rnments wvotuld be
drawtn by this to the, question, and that
the necessity of settling it, would thus be
impressed upon them. He did not he
licve that we couldl escape a watr by leav
ing the questton open atny longer.
He rebuked the seittiments of Mr. Al
len in a manner that will have more ef
fect than any intemperate .oratory. It
went htome-striking-into the very quick.
M1r. Hanegan has the floor for tomor
The H-ouse today, was engaged again
upon the Revolutionary .Pentsion Bill.
Counterfeit Coin.-Counoterfeit Mexican
dollars are beintg liberally circulated abroad
at the present time, and they look nearly
as well, too, as if they were genuine. A
person in New Orleann,. in a-paym-entef
S500, recently received eighteen of them.
They came from Texas, and it is-tmore
than probable that a brisk business iscar
-led ots the article in that country.
T'he State of 9'exrs.-T ekag has'been
divided into thirtytivo -ebunties-Calve
ston -is the largest city-l-ouston ia-ne~t in
population; Austin. the seat ofgovertilnetit,
has'aopolatioji of 1500, and .Mashin
gtoft iu h limetn tnumber. Saint
Sttti hles~irf admonas
Pr4. es Packet., Dec. 13.
E OF PARANA.
Nicial shape from the
Angl l aiders in the Parana.
withresp to .battle of Obli gadu,
has-vet ed h , bnt the Montevideo
journals ' t ding their habitual
menda vidence enough that
there w eaxaggerated in the re
port of Il eatine General. It is ac
knowledgl ihe fire lasted -nine h-urs,
and that isselo-of the combined
fleet wer . riddled with shot, in
cluding t ined Argentine brig San
lartin,'. reych colors. the British
brigaiide ,and the French sicam
er Fultor Aihough great anxiety is
evinced i Jght of the loss suffered
by the "a from the number of of
ficers'allo finve been killed. and
the wound U w to have been landed
at Noatef artia Garcia and Clo
nia, it is ~ abet it must have been
very sevree 4 this as it may, it is clear
that the-re ace opposed by the batte
ries of Olb' o-against such overwhelm
ing odds.ik "the. highest degree hero
lc, and -aarneitber 1gland nor
France sin 4v r met with before since
the last gen a eace. It is also indubi
table, thal the Argentine Govern
ment om & the means at its disposal
-had.the n, been of a larger cali
bre-or-.e 3d the amanition held out
-the res uld. have been far more
disastrou he cnmbined sqiadrop. if
even it . 41;o ignominy of deftat,
There vidently hard fighting, and
the glory imeans on the side of the
assailanRs. 4oes the Argentine Gov
ernmeit y symptoms of subrnis
sionl. - s biistled on the banks
of th ady -. renew the strug
gle on th6 pportutnity. Tite hostile
fleet Wi ag. its way up the river
amid d pd dangers, and if the
asespitit. nes to sinate .th rer t
publis er likely never to ge
a tW Ted terday, the.
.~~~~ ~~ .C hu-te
f ttI h' h' p - ie river,
gt hittrii , othe eutjet. jt i:icnden
;hattis-ate.*aspiuiiaj pait oft bei
Argentine:Conferacy. it;is still claimed
as such,: its indepe' dence never having
been acknowledged. This circumst ance
complicates-the affair, as -it serves as the
pretext for a very severe decree iasued by
the Argeatine Government, declaring all
the nerchaitt ships of wihatever nation,
that have accorupahied the hostile fleet
withbinten.t to take advantage of iheopen
ing of te. trade of Paraguay, liable to
seizure and eorl6sca.tion, -and their -ollicers
and men to the treatment of pirates. The
merchant vessels accompanyitig the fleet,
are about half a dozYen of them from the
United States, aud if this deeree is more
than a threat, they ar.o most decidedly in
a bad box. 'To call them pirates. seerhs
rather. hard,-itill harder to hang thei mis
such. But it is scarcely easier to give
them any other- natea. They belong to
countries at peace with the Argentine
Confederacy; they have penetrated its
acknowledged Ierritory against its posi
tive prohibition; aud they have done this
under the protection of a hostile fleet,
forcing its way at the cannon's mouth.
What are they, the.tI- Can they claim
the protection of their own Goverinments,
if they are captured! lowever, it is
likely they rested their hope of impunity
on the certainty of the success of the in
vading forces-a certainty that hans been
considleratbly shaken by the result of the
first battle. We wish them a safe deliv
erance. -But if' they- should get hanged,
they mtay take this consolation, that very
probably they deserved it.
From the N. 0. Eultelin.
* R~EVOLUTION IN YUCATAN,
We insert below a translation of the
Manifesto of separation from Mexico re
cently issued by the Legislative Assem
b!y of Yucatan. It will be seen that the
declaration is nlot of absolute .intlcepen
douce, b et is based on the refasal of' the
present Mexican .Government to conform
to the stipulations exacted .by Yucatan ini
laying down her artne in J843, and is
conditional (in its~praseogy.) on the
contiilu~ed disf-egard^,9y Mexico, of tihose
agraeinents. It is probabjle that the Gen
eral Governwnt will'succomb and offer
fresh guaranties.; b'ut it is very douibtful
ithether she .will be able to appease, or
obtain any newv bonds of, the .boldI people
of the Peninsula, who have been so long'
desirous of re~ieving -rhemselves from the
anarchism of )1Ieieo.^m The.accusaution-in.a
the Mtanifeste, if- a dispottition on~tho part
of Metrico, "tosell the honor: of the no
tioni to foreigners," and subject it. 'a to re
ceive its layws- from the strongest party,"
has reference,.we imagine, to the intigues
reported to be going on-for establishing,a
hIonarchial.QOvernment in Mexico, -and
placing a End~pean Prince on the throne.
Tihese rumors., we see. -have found their
their..way into-, the correspondence of the
Natitonal Jntelligen~ter,-: without remark
from the editors.- -
. eio Machine.-- .ve been examitring
a new machine for sewing,. which hae re
cenily been invented-and consriucted - by
an. ingenou~s i-machuhie -a; ambridge.
So. faiasI~a atuformuerl fodQthe subject,
chine of the liind, and it appears to me to
le an eminently successful one. The ma
chine is very compact, not occupying a
space of more than six inches each way.
It runs with so mutch ease,' thai- I shoulid
suppose one person might easily operate
twenty or thirty of them, and the work is
done ini a most thorough and perfect man
ner. Botih sides of a:seanm look alike,
appearing to be beautifully stitched, and
the seam is closer and more uniform than
when seued by hand. It will sew
straight or curved seamos with Equal faa
cility, and so rapidly thai it takes but two,
minutes to sew the wyhole lehgth of the
outside seam of ai patir of meti's pantaloons
It sets four hundred stitches a minute with
perfet case. atnd the proprietor thinks
there is no diiliculty is setting seven bun
dred a mtinute. Th'e thread is less wornr
by this process, than by hoond sewing, and
consequently retains more of its strength.
The simplicity "f the constroction ttf this
mnachitne and the accuracy.1 rapidity and
perfection of :ts operation, will place it
in the sinmen rank with the card matchine,
the straw braider, the pin macline, and
the coach lace loom-nmachines which
never fail to command the adlmiration ,of
every intelligent hbolder--Cor, Worces
POLICY OF THE~ NATION1.!
There is much good~sense in the Ihllow
jng from the Journal of Commerce:
Thels policy of the United States is ex
tremely sitmple. We are an industrious
utilitarian people. We keepcelear of no
bi!ity, Church and State alhinuces. great
armies and navios, and att expensive
equipiages of national pridle. We are
simple republicans. Our objecis 'the
greatest goiod of the greatest mnu.iber.
'I'he nations of Europe are most of them
military in their character. They itncur
vast expenses to keep up their wprhike
policy. Our wisdom plainij is, to prpet4
usto onr cheap policy. By 'cofining'
ourselves to our own indtrl lprsi
we can preserv our utrial punruits,
securnty much better than by ibe. force of
great armie~sand naviels. Wetmaygoon
buildhng 'our -cities. pe'N'estipg our piano-.
'faccuges our agrrict~o' and .our com-'
alltheuseularts.. makin.oum eoutry ths
glory ,of all lands and the 'dcsire of all,
people, and. no -natinn will ever think of
disturhing us. If England-and Frne
will be glorious in arms and iax the peo
people heavily to payetho emprmous ex
penditujte, it will he all the better for -ts
as industrial competitors with them.' In
the ljuited States the sational taxes a
ut)ourt to ten dollars upon each fai-lJa of
six persoos. In England the taxes ~are
texr times as much, or~ an hundred dollars
to a family. This gives us a very great
advantage in cotmpeting for the business
of the wrld Let us then obey that sa
gacious motto which erewhile was im
presedl tipoti our coppers, "Miid your
business." Let Franca and England
bturden thems~elves with maintaining the
balance of power. Let te tn o
bother ad other toevery cew Statothat
is brand by armid and navies extend
their domninions. W~e shall fond as mnatiy
nations asking for annexation as it will be
wise for us to admit. This policy of
"masterly inactivity" will cotmpell the
world to appland and honor, and finally
to imitate us. it will convince judlicius
mn throughont thec world that liberty is
safe, Dot only to those whno enjoy it, hbut to
their neighibors-also. It will crunmble the
thiroitee of Enrope, so fur as they rest.
upon falso prtinciples, much nrer sorely
and rapily than any war which we can
possibly wage. It fact it wtas war which
btuilt those despotiims, anti must tipholdl
them. War wotild expose our liberty to
be trodden under~ the feet of artmies train
ed to a mnechanical submission11-lo their
chiefs. Peace, progress 'and universal
hnppiess ,0.ro our policy. This will
bring ihe. world trstandard. Military
glory helongs to the Old WVorld. We as
pire to-a better character, a nobler honor,
Ours is ,the. glory,- not .of doing maoet. to
desolate sind destroy or race, bmt to ole
vate antd bless it
S. T. Rail Road Bank.--T he follow
ing gentlemen wvere on yesterday elected
Dir ectors of this institution, for the ensu
James Rose, Alexander M~azyck, M C.
R'lordeica, James Leg'.re, C. A. Magwood,
W. J. Grayson, Estil A dams,* G;.:A. Hop
ley. Win. Pat ton, D. C. Ley, 0.13. Hil
lard, Geo. 13. Lockief and WV. C. Gate
dVlce Joka Wiiliams.
tVice :Ed. M~owry.-Th.
So. Ca. Rail Road.-T ke ~following
gentlemen were yesterday eleeted Direc
tors fer the ensuing year:.
James Gadsden, WG. Dukes, A. Ma
zyck, J. Ml. Campbell, Andrew Wallace,
F A. Eimore, Wade H'ampton, J. Ad
ams, John Bryce, Robert Caldwell, T.
Tupper, C. 4. Blagwo;od,* S. Mowry, Jr.f
and W1m. Gregg.
*Yice Ker JBo -ce.
J''ank oj Sot ,CarlianA.The fflbsi~
in" gehttetsen r6elected Dimie$tfo0
the ensuii year : .'A N
Taft 'rsy .Braic, edl
der . U. Blnia,, P~. A. Neyle, y. gadsden,
J. Bancroft, S. Holines,,T. Middle'oni
and W. M'Burney.
tru place of B. J.- Howuand. declined --
Ata meeting of the Directors -of. tie
Bank of South Carolina. held yesterday
James Cogdell, Esq., Was unanimoday.,.
re-elected Presideur -lb. - -
To the Editor of Ihe Charleskn Mercuyr.4
Sir :-In your paper 61%fl. loth in 4
you rerer. in becoming terms. to a piar- -
graph which ha's recentl. sppeared. it -:
several papers, alledging tiat,as the:Go
vernor or Alabama had veined a bill r -
the relief" of the Hon. W. L. Yancey.
"tlhis member :of Congres would noW be
liable to imprisonment in the penitentia.
ry." Tbat Uparagraph etiqIrint false'amai
inalicious. It dfoes not state for what or -
fence, Mr. Yancey % ould thus be liable,
but leaVes it to be inferred. ihat he hat -
been guilty of some 'eony. You are
right, however, in cotnj -t ring th t irre'
fers to the duel with Alt. Clingmnanq : I
there is no law in Alanita hi which Mr.
Yancey could lie puinish P4l "by imprison
ment in the peuitern'iary" for that affai. -
buch punishment i- confitnedl by her "Pi
nal Code." (chap. P 6f11.)1 to offenices Coi
mited ivithin the Suire. There is a pro Y
vision, bowever, (Ibid ? 12) iv %h'h
parties to a duel, either ill or out of the.
Sthte, are rendered -inelligible to any;o ;c
flee ander ter Conssii:ion. It was to
exempt Air. Yancey from thI disability -
that an act passed the last Legislatire o d.
Ahibama. The Go'vgriot vetoed-ft, -i
true, but it was imuiediaeiily-re passed b
the constitutional' ziajorities. aud is -no w
a luw. These are the fac: (f the'cWss,
and they will shtiV hoW nilitcinoa. the
paragraph in qupsit- is. !Besides, it l
well known that the duel with hir. Cling-!*
man. took place esly in l84.. Since
that time, Mr. Yanqey bps re-4degssv'e
rol months in Alahama, an- hais -bbe:4
re-elected to Congrelr. ' Mad be
amenable -to the "Pengl Cbsle," wutd.h
not'have been apprehiend long ag4, a-.
consigned to the-penige'ntikrty, fichj- 4
the very towti in whikbh he resudt? B E
reelection to Congres wiltou t
from one hf. thi, m~t Vg gfL ,
aa a it th, s
inie i tW r nitzeu (tfatso
tocen a ~m' )e o. cois~ ahin t, ,7~
gnoirous rcerationl. The,
Mr. Yanucey'#shjivions aiauedd n'.SyqK
deport:ien t uin iA )rbple affai,'endeared. .
him to his e riiiiuetinWs. Wh' ''egardeii
him as dlefeadmg tbe rlWhts'ihe-Sonth r
n ."tbe fiel.l.".eshe had befo'e os-o
quently done on'th& floor of Congress.r-, . *
At hogue lie is un.versally esteemed, not
only as one -of the most intelligent and
accomplished eitized -.of tle :Staee, at QIL
honor and an. ornameh: o ier btaracter. -
but as a gentliman of the most unblem' jiIt
lihed inotegriiy. to whose naei a shadow
:f dishonir has net'er ataachdr
The reasons of the Governaor for the
re.jo.weTe.certain constitutional scruples,
but they need niot be. examined. as they
tad no'reference to the alleged'ofenc, -
ind the Legislature at once passed tIe
a~ ;estoring Mr. Yancey to all his pc.
litical privile'es, tahd rendering hitn eligi
Ale to any office in the Staie. . -
It is hoped that Ite papers whieh hjig
givent circulation to this itserable slander
upon a pure and high-minded gentitnif,-- :
will be equally prompt to correct the er
roteous imnpressions which.it has made..
Feb. 13,1846. ALABAMA.
The Corn Crop of last year, veouipect -
ill tnrmout much sborter, in our middle ., id
and lower country, ithan wte had'ah~y res - ~ ~
son to aticipate; We 'are told~,-that far.
mners, who tnever (ailed'to riake amle''
supplies before, are already (now-in Jan- J. _
uary.) buying enre. T~his is 'almostpa on.
expected.' The excee'ding claintir i enf
tremendous de~ci'epcy in the monblain' 1
country, completely -stified complaint in
the lower distracts, but the deficiency-there
wvas very great, -and greatly felty never
theless. .We are now beginnitg- -to-se ,,.
the results. Cart, is -now selling eomti~ ~
rjy at a dollar 'a buehel in ninny ofbe age
tmiddle Districts, and uhmis at- a peiod'
ni hen, in ordinary sensor,., it- cannot-welq
command half that sum. The doni'oit erops
proportionately short ini the same regions,
wdll make the burdeo of supporting the
homestead untl thre *ww crop - is realized,~4
a muatter of extreme trail atnd difficulty....
'We see it stated thatmioe of our hineri
ican~captains has dmiesvered a cotinuni
cation between-the Atlaiitic'mnd Pacik~i
by the river A masoii thiereby supercediag -
the necessity oif a enttpi or rail road acrs
the lstbma of Puinma. . "j'
Seven Day Bapth-ts.--T he Seventh Da
Baptists have been pietitionihig, die 'ye-"
gislature .of New Jers~ey ito gintbsm' -4~
equal privileges w'imhthe Chrihtianistrb'~ ft4
obserie the first day nt ti:esueelg anrib-.
a bill has bieen :reported Ju-a3ccod~5lif r i
with their wishes.:lVat' thodspor~fnI*A'
this billis negreyibi~rmed, thopghiweg .
presume it is'to'gratheta the pygn
of workiug on the~frstiy. i;f4 tl .
'An Arkasks.*bried ~r4idAq 1
isadthtm -Ar91as, '.a
li wlfo usmeien: nn jn..... -