Newspaper Page Text
iVe il li dfrf to the Pi1frs of the Temple of
Oar.Liber6ties. aR if il :rnst fall,tee tcUPcr
ish amidst the Rins."
,DGEF E I.D C. I1.
W jaAy, l"FlIy UARY 24. 81
rf All Persons indebted to ths
Office for Subscription. Por mure
than one year. and all indebted
for Job Work or Advertising
previons to t''c Is. ot' January,
,1816, and fail to settle the same
by the 12th of March next, will
have Cdst to pay.
THE EDGEFIEL.D DISTRICT
(GP'We are requesled to enil the i
tention of the Temperatice Societies of
this District, to tie meetiiug of the Edge
tilid District Teiperance Socioty. to be
heli nt this place in the Court House, at
catide light. onl the first Tuesdny evening
of Marcel Cotrt--cach Society i. etled
to four nembers.
.71 T trather.--Sinic our lust. the inclin
elit weather as innied. oin Thursday
there was a heavy fall of rain at this place,
and afterwards the atmosphere was inite hn
mid and cold.
Anotihcr Larjic Turnip.-Mr. nlin B. -lam
ilton. living on Sleepy Cr-ek, 1resented us
with what we call a MastLer Thrnip, " It
weighed eight pomnds atid anquarer, aid is de
cidedly the largest prestnt we have teceived
in a long time. M r. L sny. he hobuained the
seed froi Florida. and that he has many more
at home, nitich larg-rer. We think from the
report of tIe Turnip crop of Sleepy Creek,
-the people nist have been tid: atdike. Cone
on fiiends. with your presents, putticirlarly
those in the riape of not.r.s.
Aerial Naizat(;on.-Mr Wise. a distin
ntshed Aeronat . ha again consotin liiivr
of tie pracicahi'ity of :erosqitg tie Atlantie
Ocea.t by bllloans. tie thiks jnat sufhlcient
advantage miilt -be taken of known :aerndl
.current to euatble the iiaigatdr to direct the
course of -hin.rallon itt. will. 6o roon as a
-regilar linbef e.:arrial pi*rcfs shall 1be estah
I iplired betweentoie of-otir AmiricaitritS 0nd
nnsylcania an9 5.. C. SchJos-Tbe
'Annual Report of the Superinltendt'or Cmn
*ni Schils, -for the State of .Nnnsylvaiti..
shIQws that tie whole noumber of School Die
tricts in the State..in the year 1844, was o'ne
tionsend-ane hundred and seventy two. Tkie
whole- number in 1845 amonited to one Ilion'
sand one hundred and eighrty-ine. 'The Stdte
appropriation to Common Scld's 11r Is 5.
'was $200,000. In 18416 the sarme sdim wits
also appropri.ite d. suibject to ceistain deduic
tions, lehviingg but St32.00O0 foribe-edticationi
of the people. This speaks well f'r Pennr
r-ylvaia. Nothing is of so much importance
to a State. as the cducatiotn of her children.
WVe have long desired thiat South C'arolinia
should re-orgaize her~ Free Schoool system,
and that she shtouild maeke. tire most liberal lip.
*propriutions fur thre schrnols of the poor.
*The snmt now appropriaited by the Legisla
tre, we think, is not eticient. Some years
past, thre subhject of Free Schoo in the State,
attracted conisiderable attention. Various
amendments to the pre'senrt systemi amli sone
new plans weure propos,-d, bitt no alteration
of- much imipost.moee was effected. We caill
the attentioin of our Legi-lature again, to this
highly imnportant anutter, and edruest ly hope.
that something maorc should be done, for the
eduacation and moral training of the lairge nim
ber of destitute ehildreni in tu- St~re. We
think, that tire law with regard to the cdinmon
schools is niot well uniderstood by the Commis
sinners throughouit the State. We arej n
frmied that .in several Bistriets, the Boards
appoimnted,.pnt a different donstruction upon
thc Act of the Legislatures They diff'er ir.
*opinion, with ,rarJ to tire class of childrenr
entitled to ai portioni of tihe pnblic fond set
apart for eduication. In tire samne Distaict one
Butard will. differ with a precedi.,g Board.
This proves that -legisfalioni is necessairy 4o
explain the preseirt law at least, if for no othrr
purpiose,. -But as vi e said before. we believe
that the system now established, should be re
mnodelledl, and that Ilarger tp propriations5 should
be made. -
Religians Inslruction of thea Negros.-We
copy iromn thre Sithb Carohnmian, the- subrjoined,
uopon the ,religons instruction of the Negroes.
"I nish, ir:i E titor, you *ould urgo
upon thoeisavehitul'ers. of the up'cotintry
tiro propriety ofl: emuilating tire 'worthy
zeal of thioge of tihe low coutrtry,inl promo
tinig the religiouis istr'octionl of their slaves.
and :inwiting the Miethtodists (or any
~others,) to alid thenm them to that noble
dein gtal regret that we aroeso
Lutoeleehi nd ;ur honorted brethren of
BIea'ufort,4 Golle tr~n, Ge-orgetownl ete. in
:tIiehat-eh-nrepronrch will not be per.
rriitted'to rest murch totnger on us.e The
spfrItiseems miniur~ onward ts, through
Barnwell, etc; uisi t Ihe pe-rceiVed by the
folio'tvinA extreet lrm a commrounircatton
tij er giietzberg, tn the
S~lernirihl~st h iuY chjte; presehnting,
niea'ujet ,hrni shaieholilers
miaif ot an titatiyd sv%*
Ther~~lia - ta
mebeshon:nfut iu. omre colourea.
The greater. pordu of ~ibe coloured
icmbers arm tboenegroes of Goi~ror'Jas
H. Hammond, who. at a cotfsom ten
or twelve hunidred dollar#, ha's; erected a
very -handsone church for- f libdnefit of
his negroes. and tie use of ihe' M. E.
Church, South. Our fourth quarterly meet
ing was. held here in Oct. last-,-_and iho
chutch dedicated to the worship of Al.
mnighty God by our estimable presiding
elder, Dr. Capers. The outlding is bey
ond the ordinary style of country church
edifices; it is neatly painted inside and
out, glazed &c."
By permission of the friend to whom it
was addressed, I give also the fillowiug
extract of a letter fRom a gentleman i ho
was then in the neighborhol:
"Gov. Hammond has '.tile quite a
handsome church near his plantation for
the use of the Mlelodisis and those of his
negroes who belong to that denornination.
They had a quarterly meeting aist week.
anti Dr. Capers preached a gloTious
sermon ot M-unday to about 250 whites,
and as many blacks. It was on prayer.
and would have gone tothe very bottom of
your heart. It tooched even mnisie, an I
saw many an eve overflowing. lie is a
true christian, after my own ided. I
understand [hat quite half of Gov. I1am
moind' s adult negroes are inembers of
the M.ethodi qt oi- Baptist church, and that
t:e negro children repeat 4 chapters it the
catechism, and sing ieautifilly. 4 byimns
I unders-and the Baptists had a line
church already, and that Gov. Hammond's
object in erecting-the Methodist church,
was-1o afford those of is negroes who
hclong to that Society e-jual ojpo-tuni~ies
of religiOusui orship and instruct ut it
For the .-dccrliscr.
Trn EDuEFI1ELD RAIL Ro.D.
At the iast session of the State Legisla
ture. authority was given (or the forinna
tio( of a Coriot nte Cm''pony, for tie lutr
pose of connecting Edgefield Village with
the Soutih Carolina Rail Road at 1Ham
burg or Ailsen, or auy intermediate point.
and provision was made that Books should
be opened for the suhrsciption of itock it
thevonteupliated Road, on the first 'Mon
dyi and Tuesday in March next, at Edge
field Court House. and ; at other places
1-ss pdirectly interested. The same au
thority was given ir extending ithe South
Carolina Rail Road fron Columbia to
Greenville C. H. In each bill providing
1u 6 these Roads. aid was asked lho. the
State..either by its tatkini stock, in .the
Road. or by-.ending money to tIhe Coimpa
nies whtene-rcr i-hey should be organmze-t.
I hta-ve been infotirned' Itat, in both, instan
ces it was refused, a nd. from very oppoite
reasons. .Refused to the Greenville Road
because-ofits being too greal anyn-leria
king. traversing a mountainTus cOuntry a
distance of 130 miles, and to the Edgefield
Road bocause. of. the shori.distatnce it
would- go, .not exceedmngiwntyi
comtmndming very. natural facility, ad in
truth beitig- an pmnderiakiing.i'w'hichi.iven
uwnl- ;_pW I.. e e sit
theaLegishat~iiri-drightin- denytng otI
.ppcatonis antas j residsiet f Edgefield
Village. 4 -regret tha our application .4
hut to jnst-acomnentary Upon'its potihic
spirit-and liberality. This 'refiet hais he
come -abolulely painful 'n roasequence.
of a contrast, I have beet forced to insi
tute, since reading tire proceedi-ngs of the
Rail Road -Convemion held at Laurns.
vile, on the 19th u-itmo, bet ween the in
terest and energy manifested by our neigh
hors, and our.indhila'ernce antd apathy.
Am thte LaumrensCenvention) foutrbistnects
were re;presentedl-Greenviille, Laurenms.
Newierry antd Lexington. Ad nititing
tat the entire cost per mile or each Itand
wilIl be thte saime. -( which I titnk not
etought i'n one mastance, anid too much in
the otther.) I proapose a comparative vie'w
of thte atggregamte weahhl of the foutr DI.s
tric'st as indicated b~y the ntumuber oh Ne
groes, inte tax on gomods, thme value of pra
easions. ihe ntmber of acres atn'l vatlue of
land. & w~ hich better exhibits their re-soot
ce., the total amonunt of tauxes in eacha, anid
of Edgefield alone, attd. contrabring t he
propolrt.io-Unte cost of thteir Road uh ours,
as snew-uing how mncht more wsilliog and
zealous they are to endt themrselves to the
pubtilic weat, and more libterally a wakened
to their trne interests.
G;rceenville hats 5.737 slaves, 454,831
actes of land. valued at $11 l.987: tax man
goods. S312 12 ci nts ;;ale of profes.
siotn' $10,790. Total amnount of taxes
$4269 88 cents.
Laumrens hits 9.544 slaves. 435,141 atcres
of land, valued at Sl195,537; tits ott goods,
$221,-6; vatlue oft professions. $15.170.
Total t ai $6,496 2-1.
Newherry hats 10,765 .slaves, 368,316
aces, valued at -$20i,7417 S2; tax on goods
$288.75; v-alue of professio'n. $25,100.
Total itx 57,31:3 98 cents.
Lecxington has 5,058 elaves, 687.490
acres, valued at 5202.360 ; tnxes onmtgooods,
$6,l6 cents : value of uruofession,. $t.205..
Total taxes $3.562 48.
1'The gross ammunt ot Taxes pa, oy
the four Districts. is $2l,64278 cenn,. and
their contemptlated Roadh is 130i miles in
leth~l by the nearest rotttc.
Edgetield has 38.011 slaves. 937.588
acres of lantd, valued at $46 1,869; tax on
goda SS54 26cer.ts; value of professions,
$800 Tot al tax $13,119 20 cen ts, and
our Road but 20 omijles long, the tmost
Now if a calculation he made of the
cost of the Greenville Raiil Road, and the
proortion ofC its cost to the amlounit of tax
money paid into the Treasury., by the
four Dist-icms, through wvhtch the road uwill
pass, and the same be done with thte cost
of the Edgefieid Road, and the amount of
ttles paid by Edige-ield District, it will
be seen that our Road will cost one single
Distit less ev-en by one-fifth than the
Greenville Road will the four Districts
united. Int plain english. for every dollar
that the people ofihis District take from
their pockets, the penple'of those four Diii
tricts must take over five. Notwithst and
inghis differencein the amount of money
required for each Rottd, and-the.prr
-vanesi ownids th~ n mpeuon - f
iheppeo ios 1ri4' ev n
anreips ha rearedh'e pa r t i
-eiiise. POtu er por,
in soik (as I >liink,)-ciw bmt an
laboring under ithe elfectao os disas
trous drought hasgallail f16rward
and pledged her:faiih ,r 0 O
selfish consi4ekiioii thii sfA
pass through their 'ilt'ag~e" ip the
springs ofher lib'i-lity owe it 11
to to. further, and. belie. at if her
village cannot be made..4 4t can he
henefitted. she desires 'aromoie' (te
reputationof tbe St ate. .itpa wish AV hose
blebsings:that -may nalurall a lio their
share from''*o great an ki n Itin-, iind
not child-like, reinsing n or a g:ixl
thing hecaue sihe- cannt whele
Her patriotism. is noi reS lii
its of her town, and .trie neC
teaches her that that r ieledo ti
he16 honor and well beit I el, Sta I
reflected upon the Dielet *bic
pose it. Lexing1n ~g wifi *' 1
miles of the Columbia ;I ow OW
nearer to her Village_ of
the contempltted R -ar 1;pt lively
aiding its advaneeni. 'W lu thinh
has becridone, but Y6 wind w No
meeting has beed ;on the.sub , and
our Commiisicners n n-given
notice that'their B ' will o pened.
though it is fhon% whitnii . ekf tite
appoiuted time. .-This 'ioPln'"neglect
on the par t of onr Distr ctid liariteilar
ly of the ViVlige lo itt ti tirest' , I am
iti.aable to nnderst and, unie hbe-that our
)COP, live never duly &oRPicred the mI
metnso adyantages which'Wnfdo lie sectired
to them. by ia!aUg .our.jijOthe- TI-rn
aIsNoCus of a Rail -table
apprecittioi of tii valuti'VI- property
I-say a TERtrMttOUs, ia-4 f eotd is
brought here i.t mustneos ,V stop iere.
If the Road frm C0l1ti, nvlle
is completed there- nn- Iheb int. -
ment to canty otie furthefi Nd fele
as the motintain trade wilf .been al=
readi ntei-cepted,.and whAvu "voe no
where torutin to.. If the Gceenville Road
be not completed it wiltbe.fmo ithe same
cause, which will ever prevent the aauotin
nation of a Road-froi Edgeeld to Green
ville, since the distance byihAenl Road
from Greeaville-.to ColudibiV is" little less
than to Edgefieli, amlil *it"esary gra
ding of the Road from G*6 lfleto die
field infinitely heavier thanft7t lea'ding
from Columbia. For. taj'art, I be
lieve the Greenville Road neve will be
accomplished. ,-u day LtJAs 'too gi
gamic an enterprise, .reqirig anleagtes
million and a hal 91 dorlla whicb muIst
com,- from the pockets be:plantiug
communit iv, ate--this-clas" ' -having-yet
,recovered from tie revulsi4 aused
by the inordinate -issme'.o r7 onry
by every Bank in iheiOti press
ed'by the cutrighteou i "42''hd
the drought of last. yea. be.aiterly
uuable to advance that' ut.rillin
this opinion ie corFeCid brahllof
the S. C. R.-Road is tsEdge
feld,' hat will be ti *isuki
S . a eV ee
in Pfickedis andi-. lM a
Newlirrrj will ti'a rfilfr.
'Tho- wagd0 iradiif.wi ritr, Carolioa,
Eastern .etidssee and Nirgiuiaewhich is
estimated tit over i2U00*4vgotis per;year,
would be here arrested, and:ibeir back
loading obtained .here; . )F f-shle trade
that ids its' way "On.v' to Au tista hiriu cIt
other passes ian Eldgefield, wo'uld aiso
be hrought to us. Oiarilifger-would be
come -a summtier retreat foribe cIi-tis of
Cimarheston,,manny muoo of tvhoui wiouhta
co~e to Edgefield ibhan Aiken,. boca..se
itey wo..ald hiere ind .better.snoiety- ani
hetter nccomodation, Edgeneld - tiien lie
itig more utnIe to suppori gdodl hiotel, the
yearro-und tbiin Aikten. I-utnreda atnt
hutndreds of' e olrs that.a~rt. noni cirted
frtom our Stmte to Notrtherii .wterang pItJ
ces midt. inito .Northern 'ei'.iies,. wouhi be
expendetld . onr own-and= tuse upper Iihi
rriets" Evers htIl.in i-eieroicni a i1
held village would woni be gr~tced ogy
hsandsomte suitimer cotiages, mbiabirod *li
nu mbers. Mof tie rehoicest 'oele-ts of
C'htirleston. Evecry freigier,~ larmer,
school teacher Itanyerluiolion ~tierean
printer, htiti er culte ijhuk'd per, 'tie
-chain ie.,y brick mat-ker aniWpiirtry raiset'r int
itnd counvenjent to the -vjntagte, would.l at
bentefittedi 25.per- coin. on every oe-sea p
l ion of ca pital Ton teplantters 'abv
tihe lbtge, the advainges'of a tradinag
t o -at Edgefield nt .tld hb incalculati,
adl those below -cann'it be~itjoired, as toe
A ugu-ta markete iwill ilse-ojeio t hem.
As in the -ridtculoaus artggtmenh I have
heard utsed agatnst making our vtitage~the
head of trad(10thta our-socety will be
injured,".I .wgqd onzly.-#rethark,a thanttf
those wvho,use it would pay directly, ais
much ton-'ardih'diildind.te Rtdid a sthey
pay indirectly 'for. their.. " select soci~y,'
they would'heercnnie infrirly more valua
file membeelf'2,ciein general -thti
tne casts ihrsocietj liiafready, must latnd
shouildi he reserWd t d'hat the line-, of
distjitction..h'ave eveE feen foundit motere
marked .anid accepiabile in large toon:i
than-in small villages. :In- truth ;,ur so
ciety would be itmproved, and an mcrease
of. its circle wrould renderit moresocable.
We wvill -suppose, lhoweveo;sh's-Nh
Greenville Road front Colu:6bithii~e
time completed, a:ud*he bare.. posst . ti
of a coutinuation, of a Rail'RJail~trom
Edgediedto Greenville is destro~ed.- No
sensible man can believe that all the trade
which may-be larought to Greenville by
making it thie terminus oif- a il Rotad,
will be suficients to- sutliport two roii's.
Whai would thit h le otar cotditin A b
beville canoc ail'ordl iricar n' Rail Road
fortfy miles -oberthy counchy- ti iould ha've
to pass, for her- soleineoinodjttin. So
that Edgfield muist ud e'ssaeily be the
head of a~large portion of the tradle above
neutiioned. The:ninhber of. hudes of
cotton received. -Iimstioirg -uring' the
esnofy'44 ias- 67.000 ii&d in .that~ O
'45. 73,000-rusking wer'-wer age. e0h1 0,
100 hales 'receive'd p/r eadifI'ilicrsea
suns are- not. corriectly-deigiiined.~ieiin
the t wo precedittj'th eih'aidit.' No'n., at
ln't clie half the uumihe of' bsles 're
ceiv'din Homliuig are npide in Edgeflshd.
bievii trand xAnidersou,-and".sat least
bhrees f'ourthsedf ifhis half watl:Rertainly
be ifogeedeedei-~lr i
Jmbla and ft~li ffdd. ole
r in( rpfd ibly-ia'portida~.~1 i
P.Georgia trade,;comiag'fromtithe banks'eof
the Savannath.:sahdue liarksdale's ferry.
[Commnission .merchats are allowed 50
cenis jer bale for. selling colon, and es
ttit.ing the- anuui of reeipts "by the
wv*are housjes inl Edge-ield at 26.250 bales
'heir com missions aclone n ould scalier in
our mist $13.050., Should the planters
come wilh Ieir wagons and sell their
cotton themrselves, the dishursenent of
mioney - would Ie, even greater. I say
noihing of tie amount of money recaitied
by storauoe, drayage. talken in by ti ho
'els aiod laid ot with our merchants.
'ile .avilig -1) the-. .plantera of the District
generally, bolh of tiie and money in
being able to. iransact their. jublic and
privitte hu-ines- at the same place, should
make thenf zialoiusly interestwd in the
acCoIIplhsheitint (of' he work.
I l;iiv':porited out cotparaiivel. but
flew ofIfe adau ajges 41ch life consiue
tion of :tis -road, wtould secre to the Di.
triet and village; but those 'that have
been mtsentiOned. Ackether with liei appre
(Ation rf every 'escripirot of property.
in and couiigiiuu ito the village of Ed~e
-ficitd, and the, tacility of ctmnunoicats .11
n it h '- iimeiropo if tie State. is cer
tainly irdcement euough tic bring the
ra.adt but 20 miles. and would make the
stck pay hiandmsine interest.
Ti:- track is as level as any it the
world, oad Inviting to the tindertaking.
The little gradin; that in:v be necessary
Is of the lightest km1d. The purchase of'
lihet land over n% hich fihe road woild pass,
if, indeed, remuneratiun be required at all,
Would be but a trifle. The timners are
all convenient and of the best quality
possible. Then %h% are we inac tive ?
Why ask terms ot j nticton with ine old
road when our charter autnorize- uis ti
run our road within an litndred feet of it?
Instead of having o-ur passegers and pro.
duce subjected to prelerence tor delays, as
somle) apprehend, even if our ricad were
to stop one mile from the old road, they
lould wai for our passengers every day
if n':cessary, and that compai) would
iIsef r:t.n a branch to where our road had
ierminated. Verily, our puilosoph) is of
the stamiip of the miser who lives and
dies in) poverty, vriile luxurious comfort
lies within his reach--his iwordinuit cu
pidity being t is heaviest c'rse.
The following suggs iOtn nt borrowed
frotn a neighbor. but as I believe it good.
1.-will use it, Let the freeholders within
ten miles of Edgefield village. valot; their
real estate now and return upon oath 10
what extent that value would be increas
ed by a Rail Road to this place. and then
subslribe the amoutu of the supiosed in
crease r t any Man interested who
osvus slaves subscrnbe a fair. proportion of
work, atid those.who jo-no., or ahquld
yrefer it s'ubscribe tkeir quota in money,
and if, they enter up:;n the work honestly
d vith a-wil- to accomplish, my Jife
upon it, in one year fron the..day of sub
Scription the iI)Mel sight of a Steam. En
giie will be realized in. Edgefield. Our
ioicin be ,completed- in one year-the
COl0b1ibis and, Greenvilluearad;.c.annot he
ir lor,. and the. pee _ia ad.van ies
rh ii d f -F qjtt0'0
Gteetvie da will buil&.b& 0
k pbi-h iul-ce'spi)it an( ~I er.
ality' and. intelligenee of tny fel!weiizslr.ns
to conie forward .ind relieve our village
frirm ihie oditim, which a reftsal to under
take so small. yet in its results so great
ai enterprise, has cast upon it. and
promptly and he.irtily begin a work that
"ill redound so much to every interest
.nd to the wealth and reputation of our
emom.unity. N rIn.
22nd February. 18-4G.
C iorrespondeunce of the Char. ('ourier
~2-ING CToY. Fe-h 14.
Th'le glenare did not sit todlay.
.Jn the House. the prtvaten calendlur wais
aakeni up, acid attended to very iniduscri
Mr. Owen presented mo.ulutionfs of the
Legislaituire of the Stiare ofr Inidiana. -in
relation to the Oregocn qUestion. iwith in
struc~tin to her represenitatives, trot to
voie itr ancy course tof nerion, thait woul d
operaite to the stirre'cder of ancy soil. pro
ve to hce American.
.31r. Routert Smith asqk-,d the consent of
it.e House'. cahich wais nott givan, toc offer
o re~sicltiocn i hat c he ucmmtiitee cof F'or
eii.ni Affairs Ice inistrceed .to enquire ito
the expe'diency of r--pcorting at joinic resoclu
:tmn. directing -the Presidenit of the U. S.
to negotiate with Spalin for the purchase
of the 1bland -of Cuba. u0po the princi
pIes recomimenided in the pcrocedingsof a
public uceeting .held at Spcricigfiehl, Ili
icis, herewith presented.
Geov. Reynolcds, a man oef some expe
rietice in putiic :matter. oliered the resic
breticit above mentionedi ini the lilinois
meeting. antd there is rno doubit, that ainy
pcropocsition of thce kinid, would meet with
success among those who believe that it
ise 'ur "mcanifest etesticcy" to revolution
ize, atnd occupy the Continent unid the
ilatnds adjacent. It is a procof of the
wis-dom of the House and Seunte, that
thtey have disc..untenanced these propo
sitions. But what a little more popular
exc itement tan the subject will do. arid es.
pecitally after the next census, there is no
Tine-TarifF question will not lhe brouight
utp in Congress. till the agitation in re
gard to the Oregon question shall bce qui
The project of a Tariff proptosed by the
Secretary of the Treastury, gives general
satisfaction. The large manufacturers of
the east are content with the 20 per cent
taken for revenue. It is, in fact an am
ple protection. Thirty her cent ad ualo
rem focr ironi of all kinds; is a reasionabcle
rate of prtotectionf, but it alartms the Penn
aftvanians. .Though the principle of this
schieme is to tax luxuries at the highest
rate, yet we see thar -silks and wines are
taxed at thirst per cent only-ithe same as
iron; which would seem to show a par
ciality for the Pennsylvatnia interest.in
stead ofC hostility to it. -,*
Corieipondcnee of !he Southern Patriot.
*> Februtary I~
The debattwon...the -Tariff, will -com
mutsbin1do Hosse'in tlle conrse of n~few
the.House. some tisre thisni eeksbW
biydituesday. Tiere ire a -mady
wealthy Eastern,.M"tifacturers,iu this
( ity, who are hard at worki,.% ith their
friends to prevent a redctict.ou'ptho lar
Tf.. Jut they spend-both theii tim oand
their money to t0o purpose. That there
will t- a tong debate on the new Tarff
Bil there is no doubt; but the bill vwll
pass by a large majority.
Correspondenee of the Char. Eve. Neic.
The excitement relative to Oregon apl
hears not to nave abatted in the least. foi
it a seiy early hour this morning the gal
lerics of the Senate were crowded to ex
cuss by persons auxtous to hear the do
bate On the floor were the Briash,
FIrenci, and ulher ioreign tMinisters, and
all the privileged places were occupied by
the members troil the House of Repre
scutatives, wlg luid come to listen.
After tite dispusal of the mniscelluneous
business of toe morning nour, the Oregon
resalittptis were taken up.
Mr. Hanegan took the floor, with a
i.uge pile ot~ books and documnttuts upon
is aek. Aler some introductory re
maris, lie neut on to assert our title to
44 dteg. 40 min. is clear and indispoutable.
lie nex. asserted that neither ihe Execu
live nor the Senate possesses tie power
to alienate any purition of 6ur territory,
and that if thoy did possess the power, it
would be dishonoraule to exercise ii. Re
ferring to the speeches of some of the
Senators in the last session. wherein they
atteipted to she% that the territory is
comhparaiely worthless.,he indigintoily
denied the assertion, and quoted inumer
ous extracts from docuiments, or ilia pur.
posu of showing the amazing fertiliy of
the country. After disposing of this
branch of the subject. he noticed the prop
osition of' Mr. Clayton, that ihe Matter
should be discussed in secret session.
Such a course would, he contended, be
unurthy tie representatives of the A
etieriLan people. It was it question which
empiiacally belouged to the people, and
Seiators were bound to give in public
their reasors for relubing to yield an inch
Mr. Colquit has the floor for tomorrow.
Just before the adjournment a voluatinon
mressage was received from the President,
but as it was not read, and there was no
executive session, itcould not have rela
ted to Oregon.
In the 1-louse it was resolution day. A
oreal number of resolutions calling for in
lortianoni from the Departments on va
rious subjeruts, were offered and laid over
for one day under the rule. -
Mr. G. Davis of'ered a resoluiion call
Ing on the Secretary if the Treasury for,
a copy of his Tari Bill, furnished ic the
Committee - on Ways ano M10anis, with a
view of its being printed lor the use V
memt1lbers- but on motion .of.Mr. . Ralf
bun, the resuldtion as laid on the table
by a large majority.,-.A second and third
a.ttempt to accorplih :theohject were
subsequently idde, pbut with no better
success. As I it i'1. b report
- i notiodoof Mr. Jonesi the Cozw
tce oh the'DsisritL were aistruteed to te
port on the exjedienicyonautihuriaiug a
retrocession of this districi to Maryland
A resolution was also adopted, directing
the Post Ollice Committee to repert on
the expediency of si ameudiog the law,
as to authorize the people to elect deputy
Correspondence of the Char. ouriaer.
There w- s guna a rush to tihe Seutame
chamber agaim today, on ace-junit of the
cotinilualian ot ile Oregon tdiscussio.
Trhe Vt e P'resinaent pr~ nted a memorial
from citizens of Pa., in favoi of an amtend
mient of the Gouiistuiioni for prohitutting
slaverv.. which was mlain the ule.
Mr. Jonoisoni, of La., entdeavored, bus
tl-thout effect, to call up tile Biil for the
conifirmuat on of certain 'land claims. Alf
ter the presenliaron of mneimirtals, &c.,
the Oregont resolutions wYere taken iip.
antd Mr, Hantnegan of Indliana, spoke
about two hours on the suwbject, and par
ticulaulIy in stupport ci his own resolutions
against comiipromise or arbitration.
ho reply to a ret.ark made on a formner
day by Mir. Miangumn, that Oregon was not
worth conitendotg icr, he went into somne
,tatemeuts to sitew its great agricultural
and comimerciail value.
Mir. Mtanigum here remiarkedi, that he
had made ito asserlion as to the value oh
Oregoni, for the reason that our informa
tion in regard to it was contradictory
some nriters having asserted that is was
poor, barren, and without watber, and
some of its champions amng the West
erni mem bers, having asserted in the
Houise that it was well atdapted to the cuL
tivation of sugar and cotton up to 61 dea
It is stated that the Government. has
information that Paredes has been finally
piut downa; at least, so far as the exercise
of civil power is concerned.
it is supposed that the NoirtherL Protv
inces will soon be in a slate of revolt, as
some of the Stihern Provitices arc.
In the men time, thme statenment imade
in the Courier des Etais Unis gains cred
it-that Miexicoi is in have the aid of Eu
rtpeani governmetnts, and lha.t her integri
ty, iticluding Texas, is to be guaranteed
While the Oregotn debate "drags its
slow length along" in the Senate, the
public appear to bave miade up iheir
intd tin the suhjeci. The general opin
ion. seorms to be that a fair cotmpromise
with Great Britaini 'ught to be made, anid
that the .49w. pasallel. and Yancouver's
Island is ihe proper basis of comipromise.
The prospiecipf. war toiszmuch diminish.
ed. ihiat no oneonoesersto-apprehend
such a result. Arl .honorable adjustment;
by negotiation, has bieercalled for by -the
Houso, amid ilily. heSeate.,. The
notice, it seennow to..be agred 'jl
hasten atvecjuutmemu ofdhe4(iljaul~;
.in the &enats today,:huo.d$inities
oneForet n: A ffairs rprted Niihiii
s e ht $~L eottls&f4
ti6-lai they he
C. Asagr o -
com ig the' vote, it is ezr e -e
that'rliey will adbt th I
tions, that there -ii-a mhji i
in :0.vo (|. e r
doubt. At ko-- n'dock, th
suumed the considetation t8
question, and" ,r. C ui j
at lengtli on he sii
was felt as t M. .Cs
regarded as onee of those
the question hang's,i III
knonu to be opposed toi i
sures. Mr.. C. took v
ground With ti Szi
lie was for the noti as apoik
The: proceedings, of
quite barren of inte(rest' &
Mr. Thomas Smith,.oTJUiii
a resolution, after eetd
posing an cuquiry siti'
advising the Presideit t*:6
Cuba. The reeolutioni
and lies over for debate I t -
other resolutions..which w41 i
ed doriug -the present .s
tiser says, I it iscurrep
inessenger with despnach
British Minister at Was i"
through Boston a day?,
Portland, where hew'6
the steamers which ply
tween Boston city a d
Thei steamer will leavePoeli "a
day evening- for Halifardd
steamer Margaret, the relsy bk
Cunard line, wonld ber .fls.
diately to Englaud. If this re
rect, these despatcliei
Eni ,laid. topte "odajsi16
packet shiip Varick'He -
Vmn. J. Romer, froii No
And yeO An(Aer
ton Times4. ol 'Wediseadi
We learn rom a very re
that a fast sailitngiiAier A .
sailed from Portiatid on.'iesd
for Liverpool. Shewas e
the owners by Mr laeda
ish Miaister ai Wasinng-n"
out. despatches: l on ltn b
Messenger, who .llt.'
them on Friday evenng
The Hon. Waddy TiioTApsqn
conteinplaiien sortly tadpubl
Bealh o~ fi-~ oQ
man in hecouny. T
ocrat -announeep ihe dgar
Ashbell Bald wt a.- wd
dedce ii thiP ehyon
at the age of nearly 89.
ted trpbav y iega0i"
isler of 'the E "s
rpm o T i' en
certi froid'a n:.4d,\'die&,
recent ilna otft lSeat
of a family who have.ij -
shlort time, passed Ilo
vicissitudes than ifhti' a -
man in ih Uc 'di fuilt%
ly tenipseln tI 's lifa u
oses. Souhere it iscHisra
name~ wasng Yle, was cthjelei6Iap
w or, or Gand Vhie heier t a~~
m.theEpeor engaeord , is a ~ . o
againsat s w ter'cst liifethend te
which itibecam the.du ohe
he Mr.d Yule tceck ad.'a
the Pr tince ino is. esawrter
wntritand wile v:s. he ira ei)
mto h oroldi c Empes. de f tiskp .
saetfo the riono.t aee
fhire acts werer cat hscfet t ied
an d ieonn t-the amebo du'~h~i
hte edsortl and ftanewads/:.sa*d~ I
the facofstnatof his-. estat
man.verit' t inubns, ahe only.
inamro in ucse. enet t h
savdce i his paerentse to tha y
tw he beyond thaeq atho s*jky, '.,
Em ,perhand. eaneosd
niedep Stots Gibrae.fwh~i
thsfandher thf Seatr-Y.edt &
mwane es ub, an'd lmj
Turkest evr st rss ingq
buse, uk. .wa-d
an Wa e with his parent.
aoucte ti. f h
didate fUnthed Senaels
Hio. pehpi h yngs
mos usefu ad prmsngh ,
wihandit t) he fae atyia
We are ar at
dids atrthe Snaatt
F"eb. 2i -, .t
T.Hoiu, Est~ ~s