Newspaper Page Text
EDlEFiELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY. ilanci 25, 1516
Law and Magistrates Bllanks
of every description on good
paper, neatly printed, and for
sale at this office, at 50 cents the
single quire, and less by the
'1o OUR PATRFONS.-We will
make some change iin the ap
pearance of our paper and in the
editorial department, wli i we
will more fully announce in our
The Weather.-Since our last we have had
several days of wartm and pleasant weather.
and vegetation has advanced rapidly. On
Saturday la., the weather again became cool.
On Monday and Tuesday, there was a
heavy full uf ,aiu.
We have received fron the lion. A. Burt.
a map of the Oregon Territory. Alo,'a eopy
or his Speech upon the Oregon Question,
which we will enadeav.,r to p-dblish next wreck.
Mr. Calhoun's Speech rpon the Onion
Questwon.-Wie Iavet published this week, a
synopsis of the remarks of %1r. alhon upon
the Oregon question. We regret that our
limits will not permit u. It publiish the speech
entire. It will be Sten that he is in favor of
peace, and an adjutitnient of tho botnm ary of
Oregon upn to.: 49th par:ralle!. ie thinks
that the British (iovetno-at' iwi!I accede to
thsiofler, if proposi.' by our Gon.-rtniaent.
The Speech of -\r- C wag l-'.ti"] .o with
profound ,attention. and doubtless % iii pr.
duce a good efi:rt.
The chancellors of South Caro.'ina.-None
of these distinguisbed gentleuen, who are such
an ornament to the Bench of South Carolina.
are natives of the State, except Job John
ston. David Johnson is a native of Virginia.
William Harper is a native of the British
West Indies. and B. F. Dunkin of Massachn
setts. South Caroliu is ever ready to honor
and reward talent, come frutn what quarter it
may. though she has never been wanting in
native genius of the highest order.
Dumas, the French Novdist.-We sawe it
-rwt+y-aammL._ thatt-Mnjae I) l ls
tinguished French Novelist, the author o tae
"Regent's Daughter," "Anaury," and other
works of fictina. was a mulatto.
James Dc Vcaux, the Painter.-Dr. R. W.
Gibbs, of Columbia, South Carolina. has re
cently published a memoir of Jas. De Venx.
at distinguished Painter, lately deceased. We
have not had the pleasure of reading this book,
but we have seen some very favorable notices
of it. Dr. Gibbzs was the early friend anid pat
ron of. Do Veaux, when friends were 'rew
and ihrbetweenl." Die Veatix was a citzen oh
Charlestonl, S. C.. anid executed several wvorks
for different pers'ons in this State. Tfhey are
said to posse.s considet able merit. Rteco 11y
this Artist had tiavelled in Italy. for the part
pulse oh studyimg the great mastiers. Fruim
that cotuntry he wrote several very intetestinet
letters to bist fitinds at lhonme. Litracts fromr
these anid friom hik jonrtial are gtiven in the
memoir by Dr. Gibbs. Th'!is work is publikbod
for the benetit ofi the fail.y iof the Artist, whlo
nre represented to be pour. It cmi be pur
chased in Chiarlestoni or Columbiia.
A Razor Strop.-Thle editor iif the Columibiai
Chronicle, has recently received a miagnificenit
presenit of a Razor Strop, or Strap, (which
termi do you p~relhr ?) Sutme of' the Str ops are'
for sale in otir Village. They are miatnufac
turedhby Ira Freeman, of flamburg, S. C.
They are said to be excellent. As nto peCtson
has been liberal enoitghi to give us one, we
cannotsta-y tiny thing of the una lity' of this
Strop. Do you take the hiint. Messrs. Mer
The Carolina Baptis.-W e gave somie no.
lice of this religious periodical in a recet
nymber. Numiber 7 Vulhnie I, is now before
us, and contains a good deal of interesting
matter. originial atnd selected. Wit have itans
feried froni this joutinal, to our ptages. somec
beautiful aiid very forcible cxtracuts fronm a Ser
mon prteached more than forty years aigo. by
that eminent servant of Gtod, Rtichard Fur
man, upon the death of Alexander lHlamilton,
who was killed in a duel by Aaro ni Burr T.se
late maelaiicholy death of a distinguished son of
Virgintia, who was killed in a diued, miake's
theseenmarks of Dr. Furman vcry apipropri
ate to the present ccasion.
Mvedical College of South Carolina.
The atnual course ol Medical Le'ctures
terminated in Charleston, on the 7th of
March. The class numbered 209 ste
deints from different States of' the Union.
One hundred and fifty-one were from
South Carolina. Of this numiber, 74, af
ter examination, were considered tworthby
of the degree of Doctorinf Medicine. The
following are the names of thes gentlemen
from Edgefield Diktrict, upon whom de
&rees were conferred:
poseppi 4. Addison and Arthur Young
We will endeavor to publish a full list
meihs.,,...a,,s in a ;hort time,
An Evil under the Sun.-There is an evi
under the sun, which Solomon never men
tioned in hiscataloguo of the "evils that flesh
is heir to." It is this. An editor prepares with
considerable care and trouble. an article. politi
cal or literary, with which he hopes to delight
and astnish all his readers. Some one ab
stracts the manuscript from the drawer in
which he has carefully laid it, or It tails into
the fire. and is consnmed Unluckily, the
por editor cannot rememnher any thing of
what was written. Is this not enough to turn
one erazy I The loss or destruction of our
matnnscripts has happened to us more th:m
once. Solomon was not an .editor, fortunately
for himself, or he would have noticed the
above evil, as a very great one under the sun.
The Ion.'B- F. Porter has resigned the
chair tf Professorsisip ef Law in the
University of' Akihama.
A Big Baby.-A West!rn paper lately con
tainel an account of a child, one year old,
weighing 103 pounds. Now we men of types
cannot brag of sueh a monster as this, but
we car shiow prthicr and smarter babies, than
any Iloosier or Sacker.
Mr. Editor-M1 r. Ficejeriek C. Cmite'r, of
Colihnbia. Somth Carolina. has invented a new
Coillar. which for simplicity. che-ipnes' aid dt.
rablity is onriv;ah'd l any tb ing of thw kind I
liae ev',r se:n. Tie Collar i- lorns-d upon a
piece il whize Pak, or other tough wood a out
au mnte in diumetet, bound at the lun er part to
tit the chest of the animal. and open at top.
and contains the hooks, rings, & c. to which
ti at:e. and j01l' chaints are f.sienedl-this
c:ntpri~itlg both C(!ar and 'h:Imes itt one
piece, not largie and very little heavier than
an ordmury heather collar It is partic uhuly
well adapted to the use of wagoun.. Tue in
ventor has relic ed $.G000 toi the patent, hIt.
tiecitg that the geat demand which already
exists will en-Ible idoi to realize :k cater profit.
by ztakietng aiii. . the ot icle to Plianters.
I have depoited eine of these Collars at the
Ilartt-st Shop ot Air. Abhby, of this place.
whte th, public are itnttei to call atndt ex
i .Prome lkico-Imn portont. -The W ash
n,Ii:l Uma;n~z of 3Jl0ad y last says- '-New,
romu Vera Cruz down to the 23 i
ultimto was received last night it the Lbe
partment of Sate. Alnoute had resi:ti
,he oice of 3lioisitr of WYa'r, anl Tornel
had been appointed his smucessor. Luca-.
AI:tan, the editor of tho new royalist
journal at Meir.xico, (ite Tieili.) had
beeu coopel-ld by public indi;.oation to
fly fromn the city. his life. b' ing in danger,
uihi, li paper bad been pronounced sets
zions. Sie t :e royalist party has taken
open tr iund in favor of monarchy, the
.iexican peolde have h.-comc nuch belt r
inclined iotwards the United tates.
Upotn tte whole. our allairs wit : Mexico
wer" : sunin a zmore hopeful aspect,''
Califirni.-A lat-e tnmiber of t.ardy
Amtterican advenitr.ers have mtade ar
rangetmtents Isr removiut to Catortia as
soon as the openziing of Spritg will per
mit. We see in the Ves:ern papers c:o
tice of two expeditions. one under Mr. Le
vitt. and the other nader .Mr. Gravson.
Iti spedI that from.500 to 1000 iu
of April, for the purpose of establishing a
colony at San Diego Bay. This Bay is
Soith of Francisco. and situated \Vcst of
of' the Gtlf of California. It is said to
possess the greatest advantages for con
merce, and to be the tmest favorable place
in Califiernia for a new colony. Mr.
Grayson, with his party, will leave lide
penlence on the 15th April eitxt. The
tide of emigration to that beautiful coun
try will incase early with. just such
thardy antd coiuruiaons individuals as ktnow
tow to soubdze the nilde'rness antd m~ake
it hi ,om as the rosc.,'
Mexrio-Ieresting. -Ne ws front Vera
Crz doni ti tzo the 23id tit, was re'ceivedh
lazst tnight at thze Depazrtimenrt of State.
A Ikitoite hadl resi gnedr the office oh' minister
oif war, atnd Toroeh had becen a ppointeid
his successor. Lucas Alamrani. the editor of'
the new reoyatlist jourttul at Mexic~o, (it..
Ttieo.) had bee'n contmpeIlrd by pu0bl ic
indignationt to fly frotm thte city. his life
bieitng in dauger, and his papet hzad been
pr'otnonneecd se-di tionst. Since thIte r'oya list
party ha;. ta ken repen groundtr itn fatvor of
imoarchy,. the Mlexicano people have be
conle ettuci- better, i utcIinted totwards~ the
Unlied ee Stautes. Upon the whiole, our nt
fairis n'ith M~exico nere assumittg a mazre
hopefutl aspect.- Union.
Finance of Virginiac.-Thze State Trea
surer hams given nottice that he is prepared
tio redremi 5-45 (17( nf the public debt.
Tthis is a mnti grattitfying evidence of the
soun~d finane'ai:~ coundit iont of. Virginia, anid
is the mtore ti hte cono e ned. us somte of
her sister S aie, have foiled to ptrovide
anty meiatns for thte paymttent of even the
intetrest ott their debht.-C/ias. Courier.
Fire.-Tlhe alarm tf fire w~as givent to
our eintze'is ahot 8 e'clock onz batzurday
e'ventinig last. It wias founde to be a houil
din2 sittuatedl in the rear *r Mr. Juames
Donalahi's store. Thtis buildling wans once
a gin houtse', but hatd been tused for somte
timie past. or a ptortioln rof it, as a store
titonse for poweder, by several mterchans.
Thec flamzes Itad made too tmuch pre
gress at the iume ii was discov'ered, to
save it; anid the fact n hieb was pretty
generally knownz, that powder was sioredh
ztere, preveted any effores tie extingotsh
themt. elTe adjoinitng btuddinirg was saven
however, af'ter it tail enught lire, byv diree
ing all i heir attentiont to) it. Dwring the fire
were four suceLs-ive exploisioins, at inter
vals of att'rt 5 mzinutes each, ea the sev
erael lots eif powd~'(er igtnitedl. We atre in
formed that there wa~s a boxc con taining
several kegs poiwder. in the house, the
i:.nition of which. wve suppose caused the
second explosirin, which was eqlual to a
discharge of Artillery, and exceeded i.:
grandeur andie beaut)t any fire works wye
ever saw. Ftrtunately, the weather was
eazm, and the rains of the preceding dlay
ocr two. had left the roofs of the' honses so
damp, tha t the successive showers of live
eioders, sent many hundred yards over
the town,, fell harmless opon them. The
fire wvas, tno doubt, the work of an in-a
cendiary. who prrpabhy anticipated great
Correspondence of the Char. Co
<VAsINeToN, Marc 1 .
Messrs. Editors:-The. cloud t ituhas
rune over us, threatening war, b as to.
ie dissipated. There is now bi$tIttle
Ireatr felt here. as to a collision wilh Girent
Bhi'a~n rst'esing Oregon. Th er per
of the Senate hap, prohably, ai ."heen
pacific, and since the delivery ( the
spet'eci of M1r. Hlaywood. of Nort ,Caro
ima, it is genesally understno nd be
lieved. that the temru:.er cif rie 'sident
of the Unitted States is also paciL it is
cenerally conceded that the Ian sage of
the Li.ast -named high Tunctioriary ~ to his
ina:gural addreoss, and in his .opening
message. was adopted in conset ence of
the resoltioins of tie Bahtimoreoonvr
Lion, which placed him in non tlan for
t.he Presidency. It turns oul;' Never,
that even those resolutions werp assed
after a largo portion of the members of
tite Convention had left it for then imes;
arid, in fact, by a minoity of th hod so
shat city might, or might not, resss
the opinions of the entire Convn tion,
and of the whole democratic par it is
not probable, at the time f tl a ssago
of those r--solutions. that the i r of
Oregon question was fully und; rood by
the Atimican people. .
The Senate did not sit today.;
The Heuse was engaged upon the
River tani larbor Bill.
Thu debate was cutinuedi f ~n ,elevetn
o'clock to half past four, when : rHouse
The investigating Cotmimitt nn the
charge of corruption against I e Senate,
brought by the Vashitington Tiincs, held a
session today at the -Ca pitol, atl es:ain
ed a number of witnesses.
According to rumor, the isformation
camte to the editors of the Times from
two individuals, not membete. of Cou
gress. It may have been represented to
the Times that the original source of in
formation was at member of Congress;
out. so far, there is no evidenee that the
fact was so. No member is, bt present,
timplicated in the al'air.
The investigating Cotmintist if she
Senate was in seseitn ill tix o'clock t,
.say. They exatminied some witnesses to
day, and summoned others. IThe inves
tg.:tsotin may not be closed till Mndav
The whole statement of the Times lts
i(wn tound to be rash. inconsiderate. and
without a shadow of oiundatiorW. Their
I itnesses explain a they (lid not in
lorn the Times that Mr. Packenhatm held
.:scaucus with whig and democratic Sena
ors, at his o6 s table. but that a caucus
was held by the Senators, at the Capital,
and that Mr. 'ackenham, though not
ptesCut, was seen'al the Catiital, at ur
nusually early iu ur. That even this i:
trie, does not appear. 4
The trial of Mr. May, fokilling Mr
Cochrane, in a duel. took place today lie
lore the Criminal Court of this District
lie was indicted under the djilling act o
Congress. for sending a challenge, and fli
b-'aving the District to fight; but then
was no evidence to sustain either, ant
and Mr. May was acquitted.
ois. made some explanation and retrac
tions, as to rcmarrs which th~y' had mad
about ' pretended dentois." 'h
democratic party will not byreak up, or
acconut of the diftrerencc of opinion pre
vailing among thea as to the Tariflr ques
siun, the Internal improvement question
and the Oregon question.
Correspondcce of Ohe Southurn Patriot
lt.....(. t t
There were two points of nutractiaon it
othe* Sen;:ae thsis muornting. nhieba' dew
dese croiwi as early a-, J0 u'claock. lI
wva, k:uuwn that Mr. Caihous was abotul
tao deLliver his views ons te Ore'gati ques.
tiont, ainil a rumaor lad spread strough slht
City tha osse of she witniesees btefaore lihe
IlivesstigaK~ting Commstistee load refused i
:e.tify. andi was to het broniglt so the ha:
of the Sentate to be punaished fur contu
Mr. Vtzle sitbmittedi a resolution enil
ig hao rmattion absaolusely little shtort of a,
stati-tical hsistory of te country sinlce the
Mr. Benson, from the Select Commit
tee, sthait lad in hand m the i nvesstigationt of
she charges against te charaicter and dig
nity of sthe Senate, made a report, writtent
wviith cainness and deliberattiona and show
ing; fromu thie evidencee that te charges
were a gross anid malicious libel otn te
Senuate, and that she editors hsi ad) orounad
ass shtowns ftrom their OWnS' wisiesses for
the charges thus gratntitsusly tmade. li
conacludes by a resolve that the editor,
publisher and reporter for sthe Times he
excludeh from the gallery of she Sesnase
reporters. Mr. Benitont read sthe report
from the desk of the Secretary, atnd with
all due emphasis.
Mr. Turstey, of Tennessee, rose after
the readinat of the report, to say tat he
contcurred in every word of it.
Mr. Diekinsona, of New York, also a
membstler of the Commtlittee. sttad thtat ihe
hadt no particular symnpasihy for the par.
ties-they hail been braisght before te
Cuammittee. and after a due examinationt
there had b'een foiund not one sintgle word
of evidence to sustain the charges. The
tibject of the Commsaittee was to show the
ralssty of this a-sserioss asnd slot to arrest
atnd costsmit te utffenders.
Mr~s. Jsarniauan rose to say that ihe had
beens himsself alluded so, -atnd that was the
reasonu why he had not drawn up the re
Mr. Berriens rose to express Isis utnaf
ected surprise ilhat a mnember of the comn
nittee, wiho had been present. heard the
evidlence', anad had Cfcancrred its the report
Ioulid say that tobe gentiemnen were the
rictimts of imposition;--by whaom were
hey imposed ons? They liad honded in
hec names of personts by whaom thsey were
n prove their assertions, an-iJ its each and
very snstance they had beetn cosntradieted
y those very persons, and stanid bsefore
he country as the malicious libellers of
Mr. Dickenson replied to Mr. Merrien,
fter which she report was conecurred in,
be prinsing ordered, and tomuorrow the
nhieet ofr a enr nambn oes~a un.
At one o'clocR, the great Southern
statesman made his bow -to the Senate,
and never since I have known him, did he
acquit himself more honorably or more,
I will say, to the sati-faerisn of the vast
mulitude by whieh he was surrounded.
The -House of Isepresentatives mUsi have
been liaerally empty. I doult wheglieri
yoti will find his spseech in either of the
city papers. as he n ro:o a polite note to
the reporters of each journal. requtt ling
them not to publish hi spLeech until it
shuild undergo revision. It is ill-iimipor
-5tuut itat is .nui occupying the -hiplh and
commnanding poscinou~ which ir. Calhoun
uow holds in the hearts of the American
people, bhould not be misiepres-ited in
the smallest particular. Fie was on this
occasion more than hinse-lI ; he seemed
to feel the solem a respunusibiliiis of what
he was uttering to go celore the world,
and to bo m cri cd of as it deserved. I
have listened to AMr. Calhoun on ma'ny
great occasions inl my lfe, and must can
didly admit, that on the present, he was
far more powerful and eq teni ihau ever.
I apprehend there is not a papes-r in the
Soudth that will not pubibsh his staiesnan
like views of i hi. question
Mr. C. disscited from the opinions ex
pressed by Col. Iicton. that all the pres
ent diifliculty witn Eu;ltand grew ou of
the joint i:cenpacyv ~t 1ti1b and ic:.7.
lie tool a wholly difierent 'iew fr1a this
Senator. lie said the eouventiun was a
substitute for war, and those nu made
it, acted wisely in tilwir day. Si .ce then
there has been a great change ir. pulbe
opinion, here and in Egluand, in favor U1
Cu.o'promise. 1ie thulissght a eery urgi
majority of the Senate and the couitry
%n as for conp.ctmise, and, w hat n us star,
Englaud was for coimprouise., as no muau
who ilhad read sir lIobcrt I'el's reply it
Lord John liussell, cuid fail to see;
yes. tho preier was reedy to cotpmto
mise on I ue ufl.r wihich hasd been ;made u)
us in 1l15. By an adljustmesni of ibis
question with sogfand, ne woultt d be bitl
to settl uniisb .lexico.- tha: . ould remin
inactive s1 long as ihie qaestisn was open.
He hoped after ilhe O(.rgin nitttwr wi..s
settled with Engladt, th:t we wou ld deal
geierously by V exieu. i dfe tnded in a
lmot masteri manner tle policy fit
--austerly in clicilj" as adeocated by
him,- That we were :oin g on to settle
quietly the counir),'---ngratnon was poor
ing in tihere every year, and inust co: in
Lie to do so mi a ratis of store ihiani a huu
tired for every one taut could cm s,'r.,it
from 1ngl'land, (istant from the t..rruary
more than .U.00 miles. He dvfeleted
hinisel' in like miaininer from ilie insinua
isns tr,nn out nut lie had bees activ,
enuOh it aelusrittg Texas. and slow is
act on the gneautun of Olegin. W'iti
Texes, lie said, sime wouldl have destroy'
ed us, while wi th Uiregtn -it wuuld save
-us. W n lTexas, the tine had airriv,:d
when, if' she did 2.01 come to us, lno mtus
have gono to England. lie insisted thw
Texas was a great part of the valley is
:he 31ississippi, and yet ii had been ealiei
a 6;uuthern gneation. lie showed wha
our country w osit becmtte if abe purse,
peace, and what he might becune in i
-war of' ten years, ci en ii that war was a:
it. tie alluded to le inres icy there w:,
for preserving peace at the.pns sut tiii(
above all oihers, vheni lgllanl au~ is kn
'cuuntiy were at-oui takitig the sail in
free and extei.ded LnomanerCe. ile iisist
ed that tu tW O tnuiuts could dl eacels ths'
so much good as Engl asi aid Amitrica it
pence. and no two enuld do each utile
so much harnt in itie sit it ar.
Mr, Berrien hab tle flour tuttorrow.
'At lie early hour of' tine s,'clock, ta
, deitt e C hame i t he'lCSiiroiged isy 2 hui
who were t.tt xisos to Liet'i? rl . C .d Ian
At ottoi l'ct k, ih OlcUtegt n (questiot
wais tise upti5.1, Uitd .M r. Cianssuun sptks
absout one buurt'and a h.df upon the Ure
Thef effect of Mr. Cailtoajn's speechf i:
very greal, as fari as c'sscertnis tiose ii
w~ huii it was adtdre.*sed. iL ey otte ray:
tuat ic sioithed itie tu'jwtL.s usi patiy ti
the betes. and prepai ed s lia. h .dy fI:
aueli a course us nuslst ail i ii the ad
j us-mecnt of tihe 9jjurslion. its Uppi.Lf t;
thei ulira rsegos piarty n as ti ri le. -
A's a pirntsf t mt it flad sutte deee, I in'
state itiat Mr. fiarnega:, at thc ils~e is
fits speceti, t..sL sms snlJ.std umgraiiuta
ted fiim in tie ni ar'u51Slat insmer. 'There
is a good sketchi of' te spe, I ii thle Ila
telsge~r.r sof las toisriit:a, and I utndei
Stunl- slne iaUlse re1.ort r e'iutgra.tats atm
sell upotn thaviig uitie a fai .f:ulo reporii'
of it. But, I fears, to-dayi, that Mrs i. Caii
hsoist, i' ho did tnt aee i, tl thIoe i lipe:
eaine unri, is <hsatialledsi wiith it, antd nI,
in a lew 0a35, p.cset is speeh, as pr>
pare~d by hantlsctf, wisichi wdl be miore sat'
istaciory to the pubibe.
Tihough . Mr. Galfho~un disclaims an:y
know ledge ui the action of the Pr'e stet,
there is reasion for tilhei tug i fat ithe Pres
idenit did, through 'i r McLas.e. mlake an
overture to the iriia Governieii, in
respontsO 9 to in coneiliatory niu ce ofi the
Ore'gsn dtfliculties, takeni it tfto Quicen's
speech, andJ i the repliy of' Sir' Rtotert
Peel to Lssrd .losu Rusell's ciesianis. ii
iw's certatufy Ihis sdui' to do ilsis as Mr.
Calhfoun pslatmly intiinaites. 'The rel
masy be here in a uay or t wo, fby the
packet which suileds .'n i le 4:IhMatch.
Mr. Datyton'c resolunuini, callhng osi the
President toi staie wnsetler lierepi ssothting
counnected withi, s' gr'swtg ot of our f'or
eign relatisis, ni hig' requiires ani increase
of osur iavaf aoi nd tti tary forces ; anid n
sio. fits reasonis fur thne opimions, was to
day aidopied, nem. dis.
Tihis resolutissn srinsgs to a pintt the
whole queslisn- ft wil solve ithe nostery
as ao ifhe President's positiot.
Mr. Galhoun conissders that te Presi
dent's mnessage caslled for war. But cir
cuwstances have greatly changed, shoughn
the President hass not yet siandied ar'y
ebsange in his vieuis. iiis reply inay besi
expectedon Monday. In ifthe entimae,
however, do doubt is entertainied that he,'
as well as the Senate, is in faivor of' a
Mr. Berrien made an admirable spee::h
to day, iin favor iofcomtpromiise. He avoi
ed as r, as h= coud .t.e ,.....:o.. ..r
title, but he showed that all our. sources,
of titles concored in fixini;9"xis lic
limlit of our eiaii ; Had thatthisgovern
ment was biand, by itsvown neas,: to ae
knuwiedgo tslerights of Greitt B'ritaii$,
beyond that parallel.
From the Baltimore Ameriran.
SUBSTANCE OF MR. CAL1OUN'S
ON TIll OREGON QUESTION.
This ques'tion now camtle up, when Mr.
Calhoun rose and aid
The goe,-eio:n was now whether the
notice should be given at the end of the
veir. hilaving been connected w'iah the
negica tionci he altid say nothing of title.
as it Would be exceldinl ly indelicate tier
him to do so. lie shouhl say nothing
eit!er calculated to ollend an) one.
.All must perceive that the -aspect of
this question had changed since the neet
ilog fi Congress. The Pre-ide-nt's tmes
sage declare'd that " no compromise
which mlight be made" ought to te ac
cepied. The Preside t further said that
at ihe end of one year fihe time would
me,ie when we must either aaeert ir anon
don our claims to the wt hole of Oreson.
Isie wa, obliged to :admt, hotneve, tiant
there wais a raiil iinferccCu tI, be drawn
th:,t if the British Government would re
nen the oiler of d9 deg. direct or substan
tially, it would tie acreptel.
Mr. Calhoun said lie was opposed to
i;icec, beecanse it wtld not produco comii
protise, wthile usbers were ready to up
pose the o:icCe if it wnu.d produce: com
pro::.i.e. iBtween war and comprontae.
SenatrI pnjiti thu one 4i le chose tle f'r
ier, nt hile lie and his friends w ere in la
cr -> Comipro:ise hecause they did not
reg:cd our title to ihe whole of Oregon as
clear and uncquetina!.le. ile tuought
thlie sullTt wl a prop(r otte for ComcprO
nois" ii cd Ir a fa cc adjuStmienl of the ter
ritiry ill di-pute.
ilr. (Ca l.un Thought the construction
ol he :hl es,age did tiw wa rranit any c'n
clsiin of a lacilie cbaracer. 'I he Pres
ident in Ik iICs ge hail directed that wei'
sho'uihl vindicale oucr claim t to Lhe wholt
of Oregon by an appeal to armes and not
i any :nier lrim wr h:a ever. lie di.'i ino
believe that Ihe President inte-ciel to in
tiatidate E nglanlt :y recomcending tl:e
notice, fur his own ;;ood sense mat have
taught him timIct it w ould have produced
directiv dtll'ietret etlect.
Nur did he otncrt with Seat tots whc
thongccaict it iiwisc iat the C(oniveictin l
suoatlcd e:Cver have bC CenC enterel uo at all.
'Ih Consc ( itetion wcas to be made or na ti
nc (nid have ensutd. Enc.ghand nuild nill
omprolm;se the qluestiun c pon "19. alai(
no nere obliged, tucerelorC, to .iialke the
We hazzcrd t:o:l:ing in saying ilia
there was a large nojurity ti tics b.iil
Sto were bir c:improniie-honotrabL
CUmpromisC-utpon this rces-iun.
T'ntc Bt i;iah Goernaent and the Prin
linister of EnglaiU were undoubtedl;
in liiv." r of comtprromlise, and upon the
basis of the line w cihic had been once
irU.osed by us atd declinei by Engla
The decluration of Sir Lobert.l'eA aulgI
to pradui.e its eiect u;.oi ecr Governaieti
.d lead to a reuencal of egti-aioai
w Iy of an amli:cbl... settlement of thi
question. lie tri-teJ indeed that iniir
uccition hard goue to Euriope, ttough h
had tic ollicial inl-urination o ilie itoe
which wc'uld lead to an amicable coilm
pniase itf this questio.
Wihe.i the .lecistsage was de:ivered lher
wais 1.0 hope fcion:plioisC, hfat tle'
nc ai hope now. All iaust sce it-all iii..
f el it. It was , it.(.t Ihes coi:iat ne
alo a1 to ' oml ricse t:uca qucestiona. T'he a
we.re d ilerect idc.-us .f conaistenacy.
8 .e geni'lemtena noiild aithl re to occi
ttcctg alunys,3I n) catt.-t whli cihe circaiui
staces. Somc~e no iu!d adheatre tic lace
eeae thceir iricelples chacigedi or 11.ca
lii wha'lit n~Iocni vcau th~ik iof the phli i
einea whio ncocid pire~wri:he ~tcalomelii
noiin:.2 clse tilccugha ccil slilges ofI the dics
CeJai. You nc.id pronounttace him ai cc-~e
its ycOn icuc I hocae liaten who no ~olci lio
mlodiae thecir ctlicci Iby the circumistan i
cs thcat laie h~i birouaght.
lie hcoped thia: has cri-t:. Is whoc wenci fin
tie cchoile il'Q i..-gala Ia.d ibuiIc e
cicgnged these iltiiis sice thce ii~Clell;.
ofCoiire-s. The,\ sawac liedpir)
*cnd ai d iie l'clj.le, ald a cla\ idetd 'jlib
Ivtl. .ad it thent baecmie thaemi to give
-h Ito utice, tic refuse comliprimi e, an itciI
el cht the whlcie oI Uregacn ? lie iappeal
ed tic his Iil-s as pa: riots tic decide t hi
. q jes in. in regard lio naileie lie shioak
iippoC)e it uniile- givein ac ticodili:fiirin.
T'lce Iiuncse iResiouimac he coul.1 ii.
vote- i'or, hieracuse it wact equicvocal itt in
ciharactier. If I:.ee we g ci:, let it bc
givenl iin a pclcin ancd mceaiing ntlineir, sc,
that thel 'i esiden-lt acid thae cworldi cocati l
derstancd what wa~s m tOd by it. lie nu ci
inccined~ t) give the noctiice ica such a foirm
as was recoun aercie bclIy c he1 liesoltiion
ofr ithe Senautor ium Gci eorgia,-bu heIc
held ics vocte subiriate io amnhlieIr quaes
ioan, ncIi-ic iteh a ihit thce queistioni shcouldi
bc ec eaed pieaceacbly aurid nciihli ian cap
peal Io armus. lie wais resclvedl tic do ntihtt
incg whcih woldc pcrevet anl icjable ad
jutment I ii lie whcili: qucesiioni.
ar. Calhiotua thieni vinicacted his conac
sistenucy anad thce poditin lie itck inc 1843.
lie wacs Iheci icr aidhlering~ to the conveni
cnic antd thoiighcs the timie hacd c-omae fori
aiinig b'y ii. Uregilc c tas easy for us a o
colonize, ancd dt lieuIihcor Enighci tic cio
piricie. To Engcland' ulie ierriiory wais
of compaciriutcvely tic vcaue. tnol sic onhccl
as Nc n Zeciaicnd, wiieI the codloncy usel1
nos d(.000) ciailes ol' cr nearly I ie cir
eundehirece or ulie globce. WVe emcigraited
hkic lice Tacrtars, biy filiiies, anud at conta.
paratdi vely ncoC expenise.
All wacs gointg on nell, buti the imes
hadic chiangecd Tih peopjle ofC Orcegoac
wen-.t ihere to avid hcigh tduties. atnd
wo culd lhe lienacltd fromil cs by an ty ~rhaer
pri..cipiles thcan free trade. Our laws
a'uld beo miasi caui liusly exatnded over
his people. Thcey hiad an ina~niie cJaci
ty usn g'verni themcselves, and it was hcigh
ly propera that they should do so.
.lt hacd come aucnw to a point that we
most have compromlise upon tis ques
uon. The timne had come. ici a word,
whenu the basis of this compromise must
ie forty nine. He tried to resist this in
1848, acnd to pursue the American. policy
tlo qvcry mnn man must see nnw nnght
to.babresben pursued. Ills frirnds'wheO
is ftyt~J remu n.easures had been forced
niitzu inslueetion w iBliout due reflection.
an-ir cmtino.ut(e and aUiunt nar;.
T no unmnuly fear' upon the ques- 4
tmon, niud I may appeaul nith cooliuence
to miy past history thati I am governed by
n.o suecli fea-s n..
T ou;, wars -ae necessary, Iregdrdm.
pe.ce as a positive gaod and nar as a
psuiave evil. A5 a god I defend peace,
and tll oppose War as luo;g as long av it
would be honorable. If n e went to war
I,,r ' tiue n ola of Uieou, or 'all ^ or'
nune. ne cu) aight be. that we should"
cme out n ithl none.
11 we went for Oregon it would bea
cone.-t fur empire, and Oregon. would be'
loit sight of. No good nould conie of
war to the people of Oregon or any body '.
else. Should we loose the te'irmrf'ibs"
people of Uregon would suffer beyond
calcultaoiiOl. 11 ne comiirouiIsed upon
4Jk. mot one of our pe->ple would louse
But as u national measure he was for
cUll mslOit,,e. Though war should givauos
Unuaua and all of U(Jeguu, sull he should
tie opposed to war. The work aof-war
would accumplish a mighty social and I
attical change. Tese Wav 'no power
V. hieh could do us o much good in peace
and so much hat in in war as Engiaud,
ai.d Lte good and evil were every way. re
lIe believed that a war would plunge'
us deeply in debt, Seven hundred and
ihay mtions wouad he its cost atleast,.
and alt to meet the cot of ibis useless war.
B e shounl be overwihelmed nith deb'tas'
we were in tle it.eolutiun.
A watr nun:I be the death of State
rigts, and oreter estamblih a nilitary
desp, t.sm. Losses of properly and lushes
of life w ould comae also -Iroin war,-but
these ne e lotitiug, l..r timte could'remie
dy all itis. 'As ime Irwndm of humanity,
civiizatio and prugr s, he was r
peace. now tlien could men, who were
JUeinocrala par exeClence ie in livor of it,
when tastikl and insper money were its
St,.icam and LieurteLy were the modern
i.1ientious nut belore applied to war.
The Lauit d States and L.glund were
now, lliouuu; their amighty cumaerce,
dmilusamn b iaings over tme n orld. The
n'of1 las well a, we were to 1-e sufferers
truem war. Let peace comnii e nod the
tCime nould colme predicted by foet0s and
philsoipucrs when there should be war
Peace vas pre-eniiently out policy';
other natiolls'tay ieseirt to nwar to obtain
great.iess, but %u were great aiready-a
iacutlon covering tl eit) -three degrees of
I .t. l . Our great nzassion was to occupy
tiams wide domauina with a virtuous pup
ula.iaa-tu spread '.owns aut.d cities over.
the n inila surface. %i ar was but an im
1edimtilii in this great work. Establis's
Peace, and time under the guidance ofta
n ije and cautious policy nould-effect all.
A ''n is, at-i tiasterly inactiity" would
prove prol'uund wisl.at n i:h us. Time
ii ould ellect every -thing. We hat a
-ro m ing population of 60J,090 a year,,aud
ih wo ol.f be a iililiou slOln. Before some
of the y ung citurs were as .grey' as be
vas. w o ,:.ould have a populanian of 45,
-uutW. --it r e _rimnrOier generarro' we
s-:o.dda tave eighty millions exteuding frnm
-ce :n to c.:tir.
iMlr. Calioun closed willh some remnrks
p. r-naal to bunelf abut.1 Texas. Ho
:t.c.:e thai Texas w".e not a Southern
<llssion in ally rc-pec. But if he had
Ip' sitd a1 l'olIcy dfl-rent in the one case
t a.: the olier, lie lihd acted with a view.
. s cutn: mby ;rea:est good ul' both.. Its
hunt catsc he desirted to avoid war. Time
w-ala hamve lost Texas to us, whilo ii
.n d have given as Oregon.
Tlrcmtandous P,'asl~ts.- We hav"e se.
meruii is frinmj v:sr:'us dlire.:hians, or an.
,.mpr ce:ead swell ei (lhe ri ers and
nulll altmms. Aml Pui.lelphia oni Sat
.rday, te waler in the dehmuylkill' was
sev~en feet sihorae thme topj i.f thei. dfam, near
l''irmmountt.anmid the' gro'unmtiors of:any
bi.anses werel' flIooded.-Th'le railroad near
.hie Dehmen are wams overdouwn. Tme turnpike
anmd ramuradt between liarrisburg antd
II lthpmre, lir a diktance oif vix miles, wats
six~ feem ulecr wt.-'r: of comurse thea irains
cumul mo: i1. All thle in'mitaums of
ox's Li I d were ta ken moff ini bos. g
imm ny .:d~tes anmd amills niere swept away .
#.t A-baniv lie river ro~e six iniches higphe~r
Ilu intt the g112_reta freshie' ufuf 1839. Thie
pe'ple lied from mtheir houses, dhe 'vater
mceing several feet deep .in .ho5. on a level
n 11th mlie piler. .iummy ofi (lie sireers wvere
irmpass.abl.-, exC:-pat ini bats- Reports
fraim New Jerscy reiiresemit the freshieg
as terri'e:-roa~ds and houses flooded,-.
ne::ee.- amid briig.-s, anid eveni large trees
carreci a ny Ly inhe runimi;;i ice. Butt we
canno2t give mnure particulars at peet
Eleclion of Pcostmasters.-.A proposhi~
has becen untrmdur,.d in Congress for so
omnmondinig the Poist Otfice laws tham all
!epmuty piosmumasiers shall be. elected by
thme itmhambiismuts of thme bowns in which the.
paost offices are loicated. The proposiiotm
alppeamrs to omeet with the generaI ap
problationr of alto piress, andI " erc ii not for
line prnopentsity of pamrmy Goverinmenm, to ,
use thme po er ommf mlappintment as a poliical
emngine, atere. woul bIe no doubt that this
unpor ant reforrm woublIi be accumplisbed.
lnhrmsling Fac.-Ia is asser.ted thiat
within he- last six or seven years, the
umtmmber rim Jen s i-i thie Holy Land 4:zas
increased frdm two to forty ilhousamnd,! A
smissioan hass beemn estabmlished at JerusalenM
bmy thme London Society, and a churchi
has bmeun built Uponl Moaiiti Zion. .The
hook oif coimmlton prayer has also been
trlanshlied ito~ H ebrew, andu a missionary;
a comivered Jew. is staionmed. bere; and'
"tlbus," observes a writer. "after ar period
of eighteen hundred years, the Psalms~C
David. in lehrew, aire again sung by a
H erew Christianm Chttrebon Mfougt Zion.
where first set to music .by their inspired
author, thme Mweet- inger of Israel, tlge
mlhou'and years ago."
Iowa and Missouri.-The lliiulty
with regardl to. the bone~dary between
Iowa and Missoari are about to he~nd
justed by brinaging 'the tiatter urnder'thie.
aumihorityv of boith States, before. mthe .S&
nremne onnre of the Uniterd Snac~''