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W M. F. DURISOE, a We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and f uioi Perish amidit the Ruins."
VOLUUME XI. - A .. 20
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SOUTHERN BAPTIST CONVEN
This body, comnissed of delegates
from.New Ytrk, Pennsylvania, Mary
land, Virginia,- North and South Caro
lina, Georgia, -Albama, Louise-na,
Kentucky,Mississlppi, Tennessee, Tex.
as, and from China, assembled in the 2+l
Baptist Church, in this city, on yester
day at 11 o'clock. Rev. W. B. John
son, of South Carolina, the President
s of the last Convention, took the Chair,
and James C. Crane and Jesse Hart
well acted as Secretaries
The proceedings were opened by the
reading of a hymn by the Prsident,
which was sung, and . most f rvent and
truly appropriate prayo was offer+-d up
by the Rev. J. B. Je+ter, invoking a
blessing upon the work in hand, and upon
all who have in charge the cause of the
'rhe Constitution of tho Ba ptist South
ern Convention was read, and the cre
dentials of memb,-rs received
New York.-Spencei H. Cone.
Pennsylvania.--G, o. 11 mpton.
Canton, Cina.-J. S. Shuck, S. C.
Tcnnessce.-B. C. Hlowad, C. C.
dunner, U. S. Pettus; P. S. tayle.
Louisiana.-J. T. Ilinton.
lississippi.-G. Tucker, T. G.
Bewitt. Wnm. C. Crane.
Georgia.-B. M. Sanuers,TS'ocks,
C. n. MalsryJ. lHocelwns. Js. Them
as, Jr , A. WilliamS J. R K,.nlrick.
South 'arolina.-W. B Johnson,
J. 0 B. D ogin, P. C. Edwards S.
Furman, R. G. E"dwarids, R. Furinn;ra,
J. M. Timmons', J. .'slptpp'r, J. S.
Niens, L II ckann, II D D mean, A.
J. Battle, L. Dupre- , T. V lrimbauit,
R. Fuller, J. A. L,:wton, J. Nchik,
N. .Y1. Cr awford, M T. Mend-" nhall, T.
W. Mayne-, D. She phe..d, J. Divver,
E. -G. Sass.
North Carolina.-T. M -rediih, G.
M. T,top-on, J. J. Fonch, N. J. Pai
nee. J. J. James J. .MD.niiel.
Alabama.--J U. D ihoaie. A. T. M.
ii indy, H, Talbiree, Y. H-* '1l, .
V Gnon. B. Manly, J,, , B 11 iman,
A. A Canne ua, J. 11. Debene.
faryland -A. R. Laverinc, J. A
MVIcKa-air, O. W. Briggs, W. Crane, G.
Virginia.---W. Ds, L. Sainsurg,
Mile, Daev:s, T. Sm' ,nen6.itow, T. [Huan,
P. WVarer. W. H. Jo d in, F. HI. Ros
bprtson, C F. Fisher, B. Toll, fihh'
Rvlan'i, WV. S an hw..ud, A. H-ali, W.
Hi. Kirby, A M. Pouindextaer, W. .
.Bavnha~m, W. P. Fasrish,. J. Marim, J.
Walker, B. H ancorck, R. Hi. Basgby. J.
B Taylor. B. Gsimaley, L. WV. Allen,
J. D. McGill, E. Ki -gslord, J. S. Ba
con, E. L. M aeoons, A. Snead, C. T.
Wortham, W. Mylne, J. B sieby, R. A.
Christian, A. S. Brouddus, J. B. Je-rer,
J. C. Crane, E. Ball, A. Thomias, R.
Hierndon, C, S. Cocke~, 3 0. Turpin,
S. S. Sumner, T. Bmnfud. S. Smith. R
Jones C B. Gennet,C. Tyree, J. Clasp
ton, J M. Garnet, W. Todd, J. P-4-.
.lard, J1. Witt, P. Mnntagu--, M. T. Sait
ner, 41. W. Dadge, 3. L Gaihmey, J.
W. D. Creath, J. N. Brown,8S. Harn is,
~C. George,., 0. Maver, J. R. Sconi, R.
N. Herndorn, J. L. Prsschaid, 0. B.
Brown, J. S- Tinsl.y, J.1H Steger, -3,
T.~ Anderson, T. B. Ansderson.
American ani Foreign Rible Socie
ty..Rev R.Bahcosk. D D., R.-v. E.
Kingsford, and WV. H. WV c-ar, Eag.
American Bapttst Publication.--.
Rev.1a'.,S. Milcomn. Rev. J. C. H airri
son, Rev. W. Shidrach, Rev. W. L
Dennis. Rev. Ga). K -mp'on.
Anvrican .Sunday School Union.
Rev. R. .Babcock, D. D., Rev. J. B
Taylor, and.J. C. Crane.
Kentucky General Association.
Rev. A. D. Seavs.
The meeting then proceeded to or
ganieby the appointment of its officers
.President.-Rev. W. B. JOHNsoZN
D.D., or South Carolina.
Vice Peident.--.Hon. Thos. Stock~
of Georgia ; R-v. Jm's B Taylor, of
of Vt.; R"v B. C H .w-Il, of Tern.,
and Rev. W. C. Bu. k, ,f K.-mucky.
Secretaries,-J.mes C. Crane of
Richnond, and Jesse H itwell of At-,
Treanuer.--Dr. M. T. Mendenhall, of
At the afternoon session, Rev. Dr.
Johnson returned thanks for the honor
again conferred upon him in hi, ell c
tion as Presiden of the Cony. n-ion.
He invoked harmony and the prevalence
of a true christian spirst---bat all utdfet
ences of opinion might be expressel
with calnness and kindness, :e...embe'r
ing the important relation and respot
sibility of each member of a body ch. -
ged with important matters; and th.a
all might feel the desire to see their la
bors I. ad to good results.
Communicat ions from vat ious Asst.c;
ations were presented and read, and tiues
bearers thereof invited to -taKe seats and
unite in the de'lihetations.
Mr. Ma lory, of G. mgia, sutmitte t.
with appropriate and feeling remai ks,
;he following resolutions, which wete
1st. Resolved, That it becomes u,
as a religious body, assembled to trans
act business intinateiy connected with
the welfare of Zion, the deslinv of im
mortal souls, ind tie dlory ofl' G .1. col
--only to acknowledge our u-ter h'Ip
:-'ssnes, and the ne'ces.ity of arnd'tiniiag
to .1ll our deliberations nuder the influ.
ence of the divine sentiment, "ot by
mnightl, not by power, bu. by my spii it,
saith tha Loid."
2.. R. solved, That it becomes the
.lity of every member of this Conven
tioni in viewt of the vastly iinyot tait
<ubjeccts which claim, -,u. considi at lon,
-nd t ce momentions results, e' hther injo
ions or salutary which may be expect
e'd to flow from otzr prese'n' -cousae of
actiot, to cnltiwcteo an hcmb'', serious
and dievot ono;i ft ame of min-d.; to look
constandy to ( oi1 for th-- abundant and
powerful infloetnres of hi.blessed spiri
ha e- t ay be abh-d -to prosecute o r
gentleness atnd love, that nothing niy
be done throtgh strife and vain gloty,
,hat the honor of the great head of the
eht.rch may he very near our hearts;
cnd that we may be inablod to act in
harmony, and in accordance ,cIt the
31. Resolved, Thtt a committee of
too delbgTctfs from c'ach state, anal the
District of Cohotbi, b- appoint- ci t -
c'"nsider Hnd r--port upon th.. exp-' di
encv of orsga;--zing Coatds of l a.agers
fon Bible acl Pitcacation op.-rat.ons.
R-v. 0. B. Brown propos, d -the al
.ointment of a Comittee on the subject
of a revisal of the Constitution of t i."
body ; which, .after remmak< by AM nrs.
*imoders. Burk, W. M. Craie, H ynes
and Finch, was neg av ted.
On ntian of t Hayne, it was
Resolved, Tih it -lie R' v J. L. Shock
ofthe Canmn, Chin.,M'iissionay Board,
anid Y.on S"-n St e, a i-ittive pr:-ach. r
if the above B-eard, bothI now presetrt,
tie introduc.-d by th.. P.csid.-nt to cibis
body, to-m-t row at 11 'clock, A. I.;
and that the Presid'ent be r-qu-.s'ea t.,
receive them with a ftratornal address,
anad te nder themi the hand itf r-ecogtii
On motion er Mr. J C. Crane.
Rt. s I ved, That brothIe r Thoats Si,
mnics, Mis,iaonari te Bourm-h, btaing
ptresent *with u<. be corde-ily inva'id to
a seat wv:h ti<, aind that thP Prl'i tent
be regnewstecd to et.mda to him the hcandl
of friendship and chrtstiani alfer-tion..
Whereupon M'dr. Sinmans wa~s itntro
duced by the Pre'sidenct, and invited to
participats in tho deliberations of the
After The appointment of several
committees, and prayer by Rev. Da.
Babcock, the Convention was adjourned
with a benedictio~n, to meet on Thurs,
morn ing, at 9 o'clock.
Duelling.-The Grand Lodge of Miss
issmppi, on the 19th imt-; untanirnously adop
ted resolutions for the suppression of duiel
ling. declaring it "a barharons relic, the
off~apring of the savage custom of a trial
by combat,'' and that --it is neither a test
of courage nor a fair adjudication of
q-testionts at issite." It was also resolved
that "as Masons we hereby promise to use
every meants in our powver 1o ab..li-h the
'false co~de of honor, and now e'all upon our
brethren throughout the Unioun to aid in
effecting this de~irable end." .Weo are
pleased to see 'this ancien't frateinity take
this stand. and we trust it will aid in
suppresstng a practice which is disgraceful
to t he a ge.-Orthuopolitan.
Presumption of Lawo.-Two lawyers in
Philadelphia .w ere recently arguing a case.
in whbicta '.hey exhihited a great diversity
of opinion as to the relative rights and
'duties of the marriage state. They, how
ever agreed on two propositions :that the
law presumes a husband to have at all
times a cot~ipJgte. control of. his wife's
s: actions': and that mn nine casesatn -ton
this presumption resolves itself into a.ftc
lion! Great fellows are those Pbiladelpbia.
From the Washington Union.
OFFICIAL DESPATCHES FROM1
THE ARMY OF MiEXICO.
H:.A:UQUAI.TXRs AaMT -OF OCCUPATKoN,
Camp near Matamoros. May 16, 1846.
Sir:-1 have now the honor to subtn
a more detailed report of the action of rhe
The mHain -body of the army of occupa
tion marched under my immediate ordere,
from Point Isabel, on the evening of tho
7th of May, and bivoucked seven miles
from that place
Our march wirs resumed the following
morning. About noon, when our advatice
if cavalry had reached the water hole of
"Palo Alto," the Mexican troops were re
ported in our front, and were soon disrov
ered occupying the road in force. I or
dered a halt upon reaching the water.
with a view to rest and refresh the men,
and Iortn deliherately our line of battle.
The Mexican line was now plainly visible
across the prairie, and abont three (uar
ters of a mile distunt. Their left, which
was composed of a heavy force of caval
ry, occupied the roat, resting upon a thick
et of chapparal. while masses of infantry
were discovered in eoccestion on the riht,
Greatly outnambering our own force.
Our line of battle was now forted in
the following order. commnening on the
extreme riht : 5th infantry, commanded
by Lieut. Col. Mclutosh ; Major fting
gold's artillery 3d infantry. cutmmauded
by Captain N. T, Morris; two 18 pound
ers, commtantded by Lieut. Churchill, 3d
artillery; 4th nfentry. commanded by
Major G. W. Allen; the 3d and 4th regi
ment, composed the 3d brthzade under
comtnand of Lieut. Col. Ga;rlantl; and
all the above corps, ttgetler with two
squadrons of dragoons under Capes. Ker
std Mlas, composed the right iving. under
the orders of Col. Twig. i.The left was
form-d by the battalion of artillery corn
mrinded by Lieut. Col. Cnild<-. Captain
Doneti's tight ar' hl'-ry, :tai the 8th inf'an
try. under Captain M.uoigomery, all form
ig the 1st brigade, under cutnotanl of
Lieti. Co!. Builtp. rite train was pack
ed near the water. under direction of cap
ains 1rvsmti and Myers, and protected
fy captain Ker's sqasijroir.
r ' al ht:~ b.
enemny-the 18- pounder battery following
the coad. - While the column: were ad
vancing. Lieut Blake, topographical en
gineer. volunteercd a recuonnoisance of
the enemy's line, which was handsomely
performed. and resulted in the discovery
of at least two batteries of artillery in the
inervals of their cavalry and infantry.
l'hes.- batteries were soon opened 'ipon
us; when I orlered the columns halted
and deployed int o Iine, and the fire to be
returned by all our artillery. The 8th in
fautry, on our extreme lft, was thrg.wn
hack to secure that Rank, '1'hte first fires
of the enemy did little execution while
our IS pounders and Major Ringgold's
:artil-ry smoi dispersed the cavalry, which
forme.t his l-ft Captain Duucan'shatte
ry, thro n forward ti advance of the ine,
wis doing good execution at this time.
Cat. Miy's squadron was now detached
to support that tattery, and te left of our
posiciou. The Mexican cavalry, 'vith 'wo
piece. of artill. ry. were now reported to
be moving thrugh the chapparal to our
right, to threaten thai flank, or tnake a de
diostration against the train. The 5th
infantry was imi ediately detached to
check ttte mnenent, and, supported by
Lt Ridgely, with a secrion of Major
nedgilt's hattery andl Capt. Walker's
comnpanyt onvnluiu eers elTectuially repulsed
the enttetmy-tte 5thI infanttry repeulling -a
cltriiha it -i-rne, and thte artillery doin"
great exeicution int their- ranaks. The 31
inflantry wvas noiw - otached to the right as
a still, further security tco that flanik. yet
ihratenedl by tthe enemy. Maj. Ringgold,
n iih the retnain sectiou. kept up his
fire frott an advancedl potsition and wvas
suported by the 4th infantry.
.Ttte graesptthe prairie had been acci
dentally fired by. our attillery, and the va
lutmes ,f smoke ntow pa~rtially concealed
the armies fr-otm eac-h nther. ,As the ene
my's left, had evidently been driven back
and left the roa~l free as tihe cannonade
had been suispended. .1 ordered forward
the 18-pounders on the road nearly to the
position first occupied by the Mexican cs
vary, andi caused1 the 1st brigade to. tauke
up a ney -positiotn saill on the..lefi of -the
18- poner battery. The 5th was advan.
cedl from its fortmer poisiutitn.and occupied
a point on the extrette right of the new
line. The enemy made a chantge of po
sition corresponding to our own, and alter
a stispension of nearly a~n hour the action
The fire of artillery was now most de
t ructi ve--openns were ciost antly mnade
throughi tite etnemy's innk-s by our fire, and
the constancy with wvhtelh the Mexican in
futntry sustained this severe cannoniade
was a theme of universal remark anti ad
mrrion. Capt. May's squadron was de
tached to make a dettaatstrationt tn the
left of the enemy's positiosn, and suffered
severely from the fire diartillery to which
it was for some time ex posed, The 4th
infantry which had been ordered to sup
port the 18 pounder hattery, was exposed
te a most galline fire of artillery, by which1
several men were killetd and Capt. Page
dangerously wounded. The enemy's ire
w as directed against our 18-pounder bat
tery and the guns under Major'Ringgol
in its vicinity. The Major himself, whili
coolly dJirecin the fire.of hs n'ece,.wa
struck by a can bas and mortally
In the-meatitim ,e btuation-of artille
ry under Lieut I. Vb'ids had been
brought. p to sup t the. infattry on our
right.. A strong .onstration of caval
-ry tias-bow mad y.the enemy against
this part of our li .and the column con:
tinued to advance. der a severe'firefroin
the 18-pounder. e battalion was in
stantly formea in .quare and hela ready
to receiveTle cha of cavalry, but when
the advatcin'g -ia 0us were within close
range e deadly Br of can'nister from the
18-pounders di d hem. A brisk fire
of sniall arrps 5wopeneds upon the
square.hy which i fliLerLient. Luther,
2d artillery. was ily ounded, hut a
well directed vol1 rnrmthe front of the
square silencedp esars firing from the
enemy in tbisqd . , ras now nearly
dark and the actin s closed on the right
of our line, ti e e hiving heen com.
pletely dri'ven ba roan his position and
foiled in every at pt against our 'ie.
.. While the abo 8 going forward on
our right and-nud y own eye. the cne
my had made a us attempt against
the left. of our lid : Captain Duncan'in
stan-tly ;perceive movemncot, and by
the boid and b'rilli atmaneuvering of his
battery, conpleto ,repulsed several ef
fortsof theeneriy lvancein force upon
rir left,fia k. pp teekin succession
by the 8th infanT l0 byCaptain Ker'a
squadron of dra ii. hgallantly held
the enemy at ba d finally. drove him
with inmenpe ldob the field. The
action hero, and "the whole tine,
continued until d hen the enerny re
tired into the ch l i rear of his po.
sition.-Our a bivouacked on the
ground it occupiet Durtig the afternoon
the train had beetimoved forward about
half a mile. and tip, packed in rear of the
Our loss this da ;sa nine killed, forty
four wounded, at. two missing. Among
the wounded weti:Maor Ringgold, who
has since died. a aptuia Page, dan
gerously wound Lieutenant Luther.
sli;htly so. I anbeA ;tabular statement
of the casualities "he day.
Oar own force " aged, is shown by;the
field report. .here i.to oh ave been 177
officers, and 2,1 U g aggreg ate, 2.2d.
The Mexican for enrgo to tate
mer ofttheits r . t r rs
tillery, at ' ..kceeded. i tat nut
her ; the irreg ocicnot known. Ttheir
loss was not.lis San 200 killed and 400
wonutded-probihly greater. 'his esti
mrate is very moderate, qnd formed upon
the inumber ac:ually cantel upon the field
and upon the reports of their own officers.
As already reported in my first brief
despatcht, the.conduct of our officers and
men was everything that could be desired.
Exposed for hours to the severest trial--n
cannonade of artillery our troops display
ed a coolness and constancy which gave
me. ttrougthout, the assurance of victory.
I purposely defer the tnention of.indivi
duals until amy mention of the action of the
9th, when I will endeavor.to do justice to
the many instances of distinguished con
duct on both (ays. In the meantime I
refer, for minute details, to the reports of
1 am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servni,
Br. Brie. G.eneral, U. S. A.
The Adjutant General of ine Army,
Washington, D. C.
Head QuarTers Army of Occupation,
Camp near Fort Baiwu. Texas,
May 17, '1846.
Sir: In submitting a .more minute re
port of the affairs of "Re.saca de la Pal
mnn," I have the .hnnor to %tate iaat early
in the mnorninig of thie 9th inst the enemy
who h..d encamped nea'r thie.Geld of bat
tIe of .the day previous, we discovered mo
vitng by his left flank, evidently in retreat.
and perhaps. at thie same timre -to gain a
newv position ot ;thef, road to Mlatatnoras,
and there againi resist our advance.
1 ordered tiie espply tratin to be strongly
picked at its position, and .left with it four
pieces of artillery-the 1*o 18 pouinders
which had don'e such good service on the
previous day--and two 12 pounders ' hich
had not been in the action. The wounded
officers anid men were at rhe aame rime
sent backt to Point Isabel. I then moved
frward with the colutmns. to the edg~e of
thiech apparel or forest whica exi ends to
thef Ri Granda, a distance of 7 miles
The light co-ompanies of the it -Brigade.
under.Capt. C. F. Smith, id artiller), and
a sOeet detachment of, light troupe'; the
whole.pnder the comnmatrd ofaptain Mc
Call, 4th infanry, were thiown. for ward
into the'ghappar.l to. feel. i'hs enemy and
ascertm hu~posit o~g A bout 3 o'clock I
receivedl a 'ere trami tise advance that,
the enemy was. in poeiton on the road
with at eastfr gi pecesof artillery. Thue
comnarcd gas itme4iaiely put in niotion,
and about 4 0'eldek,, eaIme up wai.Capt.
McCall, who reupurted, the enemy in on-r
froot, occupying a ravine which tetrsects
the road and altirted by thickets of dense
chapparel. Ridgeley's battery anid the
advance under Capt. McCall was at once
thonfrard on the road, and into the
chapparal on either side, whbile the 5th in
fantry and oneO witig/f the 4th, was thrown
into tbe forest on the left, and the 3d and
the other wing of the 5th, on the right of
the road. These corps were employed
asiskirmishers to cover the battery and en
gaged the Mexicran Infantry.
Captain. McCal'ascommand became at
-bC etiped With S e weey~life tbhe
.light artillery, though in a very exposed
position, did great execution.. The ene
my had at least eight #ieces.of artillery,
and maintaine. an incessant fire upon our
The actionitiow became general, and al.
though the elemv's infantry gave way
before the steady fire and resistless pro
gress of our own,.yet his artillery was
still in position to check our advance
-several pieces occupying the pass across
the ravine which he had chosen for-bis po
sition. Perceiving that no decisive, ad
vantage could be gaip4d until this artillery
was silenced, I ordered Captain May. to
daige the batteries wi;h his squadron of
ragoons- This was gallantry and effec
tually .exec'ted, the enemy was driven
fron his guns, and General La Vaga. who
remained alone at -one of the batteries,
was taken prisoner.. ''he squadron which
uffered muc in this charge, not being
immediately supported by infantry. could
rut retain possession of the artillery tar
ken, but it was completely silenced.. In
be meantime the 8th infantty.had been or
lered up and had bcome warmly enga
ted on the right of the road. The regi
ment and a part, of the 5th were now .or
ered to charge the batteries, *hic'b was
zandsomely done, said, the. enemy entirely
riven from his artillery and his position
) the left tf tne load. . . .
The light companies.ofthe 1st brigade
ntd the 3d and 4th regitnetits of infantry
sad been deployed on the right .of the
-oad, where,. at various points, they be
:ame briskly engaged with the enemy.
" small party under Capt. Buchanan and
Lieuts, Wood . and Hays. 4th infantry,
omnposed chiefly of men of that regiment,
trove the enemy from aibreast-work which
e occupied, and captured a piece of ar
il-ry.. An attempt torocover this piece
was repelled by. Gapt. Barbour, 3d infat
ry. The enemy was at last completely
riven frotn h bis position on .the right of
he road, and retreated precipitately, leav
g baggage of every description. The
ihh iufaatry took . possession- of a camp
vhere the head quarters of the Mexican
eneral-in chief was established. All his
tffiical correspondence was captured at
i s place.:-, " . - - , i . ,"
hThe artillery battalion (evcept the flank
:ompanies) had been ordered to guard the
anggage .train, which. was, packed some
listance in rear, . That battalion.was or.
red~ to ene..be enen and with
and Capt. Dncan's batiecy..followed him
rapidly -to the river,. making a number of
rrisoners. Great numbers of the .eneny
were drowned in atempting to. cross- the
river near the town,..The 'corps last.men
tioned encamped near the. river-the re
uainder ofthe army on the field of.battle.
The strength of our marching force on
iis diy. as exhibited in the next field re
port, was 173 of ers, and 2,049. men
tggregete 2,222. ...The actual number en
aged with the enemy did not exceed 1.
700.- Our loss was three officers killed,
tnd seventy-one wounded. Among the
>fficers killed, I have to regret the loss of
Lieutenant loge, 2d1 dragodds,.y. ho ;fell at
he head of his platona, *vhile gallantly
harging. the eneeny's battery, of Lieuten
ant Cochrane, of the 4th, end Lieut Chad
bourne, f the 8th infantry, who likewise
met theiir-death iii the thickest of the fight.
The. officers wounded were Lieutenant
Colonel Payne, Inspector Getneral; Lieut.
Dobbiris, 3d. inriptry,- serving with the
light infantry advance, slightly; Lieut.
lpoonel Mcintosh, 5th infantry, severely,
(t[vice;} Captain Hnoe, 5th infantry, r.
verely, (right artn since amputated.) Lt.
Powler, 5:h infantry, slightly; Captain
lontgomery, 8th infantry, slightly; Lts
tes itd. Jordan, 8th iafantry, sevrely,
(each t wice ;) Lieuts.: Selden. Maefay,
lRonrbank and Morris, 3d inifantry,-slightly
A tahmolar . statement of the. -killed and
wountded is annexed herewith.- -
I have no-accurate data-from which to
estimate the enemys force on this day'.
He is known to have, been reinforcer.-af
ter the action 'of the 8tb, both by cavalry
and infantry, and no doubt to-an extent at
least equal to his loss o' that day. It is
pr~obable that 6,00 men were opposed to
n, and in a position chosen by themselves,
ad strongly defended with artillery. The,
eremy's -loss was very great. Ngi 200
of hiis dead were buried by us on the dagy
succeeding the battle. His loss-in killed.
*oundeu.and missing. in rbe two af'airs
of the 8th andI 9t15. is I think, moderately
evttmate~d at 1,00.0 men.,
Our victory h-:ve - been decisive. A
small force has overcomne immense odds
of the best troops that Mexico. can fur
nis-veteratn regimtents, perfectly equip
ped and appointed. Eight pieces. of ar-.
tillery, se'eral. colors mnd, atamidards, .a
great nutmber of pristoners, incltiding four
een ollcers, and a large amount of lbag
gage and publi' property have fallen in
our hands. - .
The causes of vt~torv are doahtess to
be found in the supert, 'dualities' of our
oticers and men, I * a ge alre.dy' in for
mer reports, paid a g .ieral tribmute to the
admirable condluct of the troops on both
days. It- now becotmes my duty-and I
feel tt to be one of great delicacy-to no
iceindivtduals. In so an extensive a
ield as that of the 8th, and in -the dense
cover where most of the action of the 9mh
was fought, I could net possibly pe.witdess
to more than a small portion of the ope
rations of the various corps;.and I -must,
therefore, depend upo the reports of sub.
ordinate cornmtandlers, w htch I'respectfully
enclose herewith. -
Colonel T wiggs,' the second in commad
was particularly eveon botbdaysin ox
ration of tle right wing. Lieut. Colonel
lcintosh, commandingshe 5th infantry.
-Lieut. Col. Garland, commanding the 3d
brigade,.Lieur. Col. Belkoap, command
ing 'the 1st'brigade, Lieut. Col. Childs,
;ommanding the artillery battalion. Maj.
4ljen, Cap.taius N. L. Morris and Mont
gomery, -commaniding respectively the
4th' 2d, aid Bth regiments: of infantry,
.werszeal6us in tho performance of their -
Sduties..aid gave. eiamples to their com
mands of cool and fearle e donduct. Lieut.
Col. McIntosh repulsed , With his regi'
nent p charge of la'icera in the action of
Palo Alto, and shared with itjnathe honors
and dangers of the follow'g. day, being
twice severely wounded,, Lieut. Colonel
Belknap beaded ,a charge of the 8th in
faotry,.which.rasultgd- in driving the ene
my fro.ri his -guns, and laving us in pos
session of that part of the fieldr , -
Captain Duncan and Lieutenant .idgely
deserve especial notice for. the gallant and
efficient mannner.in which they manu
vered and served their batteries. The
impression made by Capt. Iauncan's batte.
ry upon the extreme right of the enemy's
line, at the affair of Palo Alto, contributed
largely to the result of the day , while the
terrible-fire kept. up by Lieut.. Ridgleey,
in the affairof -the 9th. inflicted heavy
loses upon the.enemy... The 18 pounder
battery, which played a conspicuous part
in th- action of the 8th, was admirably
served t,y Lieutenant Churchill, 3d artil.
Jery, assisted by .Lieut. Wood topograph
ical engiueers. The charge of cavalry oa
the enemy's batteries on the 9th, was.gal
lantly. led 6y Capt. May, and had com
plete succeps. -.
.. 'apt. McCall, 4th infantry, rendered
distinguished. service, with the advanced
corps under his oiders... Its loss, in killed:
and -wounded, will show how closely it.
was engag.td. I may . take this oceasion.
to say that, in two former instances, Capt.
McCall has Leddered valuable service as
a partisan officer... In this connexion, I
would mention the services of Captain
Walker, Of the. Texas rangers, who was.
in both affairs with his company, and who
has perfirmied. very. meritorious services
as a spy. and partisan. ,..v -- ..
. I must beg leave to refer to the reports
of subordinate Commanders for the names
of msrij ,tcers, .non-commissioned.. offi
cera and privates,. who wvere distinguished
by good conduct. on both days.. .Instances
of indiviuital allantry and persjeal coot
4ic t...t-t-eagpemqywerenp WaltIg
the.affair of the 9th, but cannot -Gd place
in- a generdi report. The: officers-serving
on the stai' 6f'the difierent..commanders,
are particularl9 mentioned by them.
. I derived efficientaid on both.days from
all the officers df my staff. !.Captain Bliss,
assistant adjutant general, Lieutenant Col.
Payne. Inspector General. Lieut. Eaton,
A. D. C.,. Cptaia Waggaman,. commis
sary ,of subsistence,; Lieutenant Searrat,
engineers, and Lieuts.,Blake and Meade,
topographical: engineers;% promptly con
veyed mny orders to every part of the field.
Lieutenant Colonel Payne was wounded in
the affair of the 9th. and 1 have. already
had .occasion tot report the .melancholy
death of Lieut. Blake, by accident, in the
interval between the two engagements.
Major Craig and Lieut. Brerenton, of the
ordmnance department, were actively en
gaged in their appropriate duties, and Sur
geon Craig, medical director, superintend
ed: in person the. arduous service of the
&eld hospitals. I take this occasion to men
tion generally the -devotion to .duty of the
medical staff of the army; who have been
utiring in their exertions. both in the field
and in the hospitale, to alleviate the suffer
ings of the .wounded tof: both armies.
Captain.Ciossman, and Myers of the quar
termaster'a deparyment, who bad charge
of the heavy supiply train ,at both engage
ments, endueed.it in a mostsatisfactory
manner, and finally brought it up without
thei striallevt loss, to itsedestination..
I eticiose an inventory of.the Mexican
property captured on the field, and also a
sketch of the field of -Resaca.de Ia Palmio,'
aiqd 6f the'route from Point Isabel, m-tde
by~ my, aid-de-camp, Lieut. Eaton. One
color, (hattahion of Tampico,) and mnaay
standards and guiduns of cavalry a'ere ia..
ken at the bartle .ot' the 9th. 1 n ould be
pleased to receive some. instructious as to
the disposition .o .he made of these tro--.
phies-whether they shall be sent to Wash
I amn, very resipectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Brev, .Brig. Uen. U. S Commwanding.
The Adjutau't Generaj.uf the.Armny,
Washington, D. C.
LATE FitOM altEiCo VIA -HA:ANA.
iMy the schr. Mlerchant. Caspt. Kean, ar-'
rived at Chiarlesion, on the 15th. we re
ceived files of H avana and Mataza pa
pers ,(says the Courier.) to the 10th inst.
From th. Havana Diar~io de la Marina of
the 9tli inst., we translate the following.
letter, which is later than the advices'.
from Vera,,Crus brought by the steamer
Mississippi at.Pensacola, publisbed in an
other. 4olumn I
Correspondence of the Diario de la Marina.
.VIaA Caus. June 1, 1846.
The.Consuls of the neutral nations have.
pirotested against the blockade'of this port,
declared-on the 20th of last month by thes
commandant of the U. 8. fleet, which a!
lows only 15, days for foreign vessels to,
leave'the fort. The principal portio of
the 'Arean fleet is now ai lila Verde,..
and the American men-of-war St. Mary'*~
and :'alntouth. and a small brig are cruis
ing before .Tampico. . :
. .Many families are leaving this~cey lor,
.tbaearinr Wi-4n wlow him~ai188-~