Newspaper Page Text
4s, iiedisint, Master,and all
:thi As -ecept two. ;We. returned to
thleiptai-2 A. ; tuch fatigued and
'disspointed.-,.:t will ivrite:--by ibis'con
vayance- and telr bit of the ext'day's
fight. Yours, &c.
e A 8 as~e &-G 98 60~68 -
The! ominaai,of Gen..Taylor 1o. the
sidency. ic.-In common witb the
great mass of our fellow citizens, we were
pained to notice the proceedings of a cer
tain' portion 'of the people of-a distant
State, in regard to the nomination by them,
1PGend aylotto.tePresidency of the
"United States. Such proceedings, how
evertIle-16be;.motives which actuated the
zinsioibrtaifabem, were much to be de
- pirecated. and to say the least, were in ex
': eesively bad-taste. At atime, too, when
the press, the entire press, political or oth
erwise, was sounding the praises of the
gallant Taylor from one extremity.of the
land to tbeother, when his name was em
phatically onevery, one's lips, at such a
timeto drag forth into the political arena,
to be made a mark for the poisonous shafts
'of envy and detraction, to have his con
duct, official and private, subjected to the
fiery and too.often fatal ordeal of captious
and dishonest. political criiicism,-to have
done this, would have been to adopt the
most itdpolitic and unwise; not, to say run
ons courseever pursued by an.. intelligent
people towards a popular and deserving
man. Gen.'Taylor has hosts of friends.
ew.inen, We will vetiure to say, ever ac
,quiired in so short a period such unbound
ed popularity, among al. classes of a well
nformed people, as Gen. Zachary Tay
lor. The people have delighted to do him
"honor, and whether he be Democrat or
Whig; they will continue to regard him
with that ardor and devotion which a gen
erous and noble-minded people are wont
to feel towards a man, who by his gallant
ry in the field, and decision and firmness
in council has adorned the proud brow of
the nation with laurels, which time will
essay iit vain to render less vivid and
bright. Gen. Taylor needs no office how
'ever elevated t6 make him more dear to
the American people, nor to increase the
splendor of his fame. Let hitir repose, in
the.. language. of another, "beneath the
shade of laurels honorably won." . When
the nation. requires his services in other
1han a military. capacity there will then
be time to fling his banner to the breeze,
and if it is so .willed, to elevate him to the
highest honor ihtrhe nation's gift. And
here we may be pardoded, we trust, fur
alluding to the practice, much toi common
in the laud'Tf-thrusting forward the names
of political aspiratits long before there is
any necessity for such a proceeding.
Scarcely is one Presidential election over
ere the m'aterials of another are made
ready to enkindle into a blaze. Thus,
the hopes and expectation of many a mau
howas reallf popular with the people,
bave.been' doomed tocertain 'defeat and
disappointrmsut by the hasty and ill-timed
movemionts of partisan or over zealous
friendeds- The country alter suth an - ex
cemint'.1ss as yidrduced-by the late Pre'
"'ei' -git juqtrWrepose- T
" eit i d iiwoulid7iiif i the nau
al world, suiceedtie storm. Blt$ujliti
ians havy decreed 'terwise and already
he meriabf distinguisld men of all par
tes-are-being canvassed with a degree of
iiidustry andenergy worthy of a more au
picious moment.-Suth.- Patriot.
General Gaines We learn f-rm the
Washington Union, that a Court of lnqui
-y ,to consist- of~ Bv'u Brig.. Gen. H. Err
dy, JEv'j. Brig. Gen- G. M Brooke, and
Col.. J.: Crane, members, a'nd Bv't Capt,
'J. E'.Lee, recorder, has beet- ordered by
the-President to convene at Fort Monroe,
on ihe.15th of July, to investigate ihe con-'
duet of Bv't;Major -sene-ral Gaines.
,1st. In calling upon the governors .of
* severalof the States for volunteers or mi
* litiato be mnustored into the service of the
United States, between the 1st and'16th
of. May., 1846 ;-and to examine also into
thle .authority and circumstances under
w hich the sal.4. alls.were made.
162l .calling upon the governors of
aeveral o1 the States, het ween the-16th of
May and 10th., of Juine, 1846, for volun
teers or militia: to be- mustered ito the
ser' ice of the United States; and-also-in
appointing-or authorizing certain individ
uals-from the 1st of May to the 15th of
J-je, 1846-to raise troops to be mustered
into the service of the United States; and
to examine into the authority and circum
stances under which such acts were done.
3d. In organizing and mustering, or cau
sing to be mustered, into the service of the
United States, a body of volunteers or mi
litia of the State of Alabamia about the
12th-of'June, 1846; and to examine into
tbe circumtstances'calling for the said act
of General Gaines, in reference to instruc
tions given to htim by the Secretary of
War, in letters dated respectively the.28:h
of May and the ist of June,-i846; and the
order of June 2, 1846, relieving him from
the command-of the western division of
*4th.. In giving orders, since the lit of
-Ma'j, 1846, to officers of the ordnance.
*conmissary, quartermaster, and pay de
areisto issue and -disu-dhnte ord
anendordnancte stores, strbuistence
utors, andJ fbr. the, disbursement and pay
mnet of ptibli funds to certain desrguated
indivntlialsor'hody of men ;.and totuquire
-also wbother the persons to whoin such
issues or payments were ordered or inede,
were legally In:the service of the United
States, or properly authorized to receive,
orihave the kustody of public, property or'
The Court is ordered to report ke-faete
of the case, and to express an- opinion
The Washington correspondent of the
*Philadelphia Atuerican, after arnnounctg
sheappointinent of Gen. Taylor to' be a
Major Gerieral, says
Tt T-.usanagement .of the war i4t noW
committed to the hands of Gen. Taylor,
whdouprorisarthns far has shown him
to b enineifwy orthiyof the dlestintion
anld-considence The plan of operattons
is exceedingly extensivei-The force under
'$e Tajlor ist areh to ls city of
is(ihat under general Wool is to
provinces of Chihuahua an:Coabut.-abd
to co-operate with (en Taylor, and that
under Col. Kearney is to take-pesSOssioO
of Sant4aF in its
spleie '4 rge dtscreiton is neces
aari lyatrAe4,t %Ocimian'drinchief!
VriLten 6rddrg'io ibis effect were issued to
Gen. Taylor on ibe 15th inst. the first, it
is said of fuich. moment that have been
transmitted t:'im =for three months past.
The Indians wio offered tbeir-ser.vices
to Col. Kearney, at Fort Leaveaworth, to
march against the Mexicans, have return
ed to their homes, as their services were
not accepted. The departm'ntt-at Wash
ington has issued orders to the various ln
dian agents to use their influencerto repress
the disposition to volunteer now so proia
lent among several tribes of Indians.
From 'fera C raz.The following ottet
was'received by the James .L. Day, on
her last trip. It is truly gratifying to per.
ceive byzit that the steam frigate Prince
ton performed oo admirably: .'
. aA Cans, llthJtane
Editors Picayune-This city has uo0
been under tblockade for twenty-fve days
-The frigate Raritan. is the. commanding
ship at this time-Corn. Conner being
still at Pensacola-and. is at, anchor neat
Green. Island, while the Pensacola steim
er is lying off and on; just outside th'e.Fari
under sail, and completely prevents all in
tercourse. from abroad. The Princeton
now proves herself to he equal to the whole
fleet, indeed superior. She, arrived. here
in 17 days from Boston, having sailed all
the way. excepting two days. In the-horse
latitudes she was becalmed.' She fired up
-in 24 hours she was in the trade winds,
which brought her off this port, where she
again fired up to.enter. She arrived herd
full of coal, and sailed during the .passage
9 and 10 knot for days -together. The
Falmomith was blockading on her arrival,
and they sailed together for two days.
The Princeton can sail round her, and is
equal under sail to two-tbirds of the ves
sels in our Navy.
For 12 days she has been underway just
out of reach. of the ?guns 'of-the Castle.
When vessels make their. appearance she
makes sail for them; and when they are
very fast and wish to run, she fires up
goes alongside and places a prize officer
on board.. She is the -admiration of the
English and French men-of-,war here. If
the President and Congress .are, wise they
will immediately order a large num'ber of
ships like her, as they are invaluable both
-in peace and war, The P. is more useful
here than three frigates.
The Raritan has the scurvy, and it is
also said the dysentery.: on board,.produc
ed by having . been much at. sea on the
coast of Brazil, from wbence.she clime to
tbi4 utation. The Mexicans-expect an at
tack upon the castle.of San Juan do Ulloa.
as soon as the squadron arrives, and are
prepariug. for it. The castle and towrr are
crowded with soldiers: nearly all the fam
ilies and; citizens -have fled to the interior.
Congress has been. in,-session- for- more
than, a week and.hae resolved-to-push the
enemy on: theioa Bravo del Norte.- ' - Fis
generally bcliced That Santa Anna,.even
if elected, will under no circumstances re
turn to;Mexico.: He has moniey and is too
much delighiedi 'th the-dissipated amuse
meats of Haventa to return: here, Gen.
Bravo, the present Governot- of this city,
will- in all .probabilitiy be elecied Rresi
dent. .tany of.ihe wvestern Departments.
have 'doelared against this-G~overnment,
but they are equ'ally in favor of pusliitg
the war. It was-rumored here to-day thai
Gen. Taylor is advancing from Mat amo
I will continue to inform you of what
occurs here by every opportunity.'3
Yours, &c. H 1ER RE RA .
P. S.-Do not. fail to send out a few
more vessels like. the Princeton. -
The Lewisburg (Va.) Chronicle states
that on the 22d of June three hundred and
ninty-one manumtitied slaves of the late
John Randolph passed through that place,.
otn their way to their new home in the West
-a tract of land having been purchased in
Mercer .eounty, Ohio, fur their benefit.
This army is beaded by an old patriarch
of 110 years. who rode on a horse beside
tho young and healthy, leading the~m to
the land of their adoption..
Correspondence of the Charkeston Courier.
- WasseToN, June 1.
Thore is much exditement at the Cap-.
ilouo the subject of the Tariff bill. The
greatest apprehension is felt.hby the friends
of free trade, that they. will not be able to
make, at this session. any advance towards
the establishment of a mnore liberal sys
tem. It is also very plaitn that the party
is broken into fragmnots, and :that they
cannot he0 united again, under the present
administration, without any' tax on tea
The Senate, to day, aftr a long debate,
recomnitted the Patent Offie' bill, with
instructions to provide for the abolition-of
the law which imnposes on the Commis
sioner of Patents, the duty of making an
agricultural report. The last report- cost
3,000 dollars for printing alone.
Mr. Buchanan, it is said, has resigned
the State Department, and Mr. Secret ary
Walker will act as Secretary of State, ad
.Mr. Buchanan will de tless go upoo
the Bench. Ifs-nominanaoa is to he maade
Cerreoemfnauca of tie charleston Pariot.
Wh'sBIuwoio, dJune 1.'
ltumor was very husy 'in this city yes
ter'ay that the 'Domination of Mr. Buch
anan bad gone into rho Senate as Judge
of the Suprenme- Courtr Such, however,
is no the fact-so far . but that Mr. B.'
wll 'leave the IOepartment of State before
ise t~esent session efrse-is no longer to
be doulited-and 'that Mr.Baneroft will
quit the Navy Degartmeit iseasittedo b~
questioned. 'rjB'uchanan, I beneve.-is
anxious to lie 'beacbed ' 'The 54.40 is a
dead failure~ and- all the -earned unitin:
genistes argument aboutibhe unquestiona
ble title wrill iturnsto 'plagueteinvetoi.,
-I is petty 'generally .nced.r mst!.. -
Rush will supercedo the presntancitlt.
bent of the-State Department if tha Ie
so, the President; will have a able aud
efficient counsellor,-a _rdullent a' ner.
getic statesman an'd one'whose exp fence
in .dipluomiey is by..noe'inos iir
The bill to retrocede the town and county
of Alexandria to the State of Virginia was
passed this day in ths Senate by avot&6f
32 to 14. This was regarded hero-as the
stepping stone to the removal of the seat
of govornidet, 'and no doubt All be.'man
gre all .that has been said about its perpe
tuity of l6cation. The mothentthe qes
tion ceases to be regarded in a cOnslitu
tional point of view, there is in 'security
that it 'will 'retiain longer t6aiuntil ,tife
next census-the greatest diaflcjy will
be as to whore the location shall btaed.;
but- that it -will be taken'soneishere in
Missouri seems to be the giferaimpres
ston among the Western people. 'cannot
but regard it as a vital stab t'o ib District
of Columbia. .
Mr. lannegan introduced, s.to
calling for the Orders, if soy t -..been
given by the.War Departmeft t General
Taylor in relation to the #o ocu" n of
the War. This looks as ttbei was a
settled disposition on 'the par t ome of
the friends of the present. dm nstratiio
to see it brought to a close, a' ttis- feeling
seems to be ripening in the coiatry the
people do not desire military glory at the
expense of blood, and tteastle andtaxa
Gloriots triumph of -the $ithht'Ize'ariI
Bill passed bg a ndjority.of nine
teen, contrary to every human calceutation.
This day. the Tariff Bill was passed by
the House of Represeutatifreighy a fair
majority of 19 votes'. . This .was Lmdst
unexpected, but glorious event-=the leep
est interest was 'observable every where
-vithin the Hall, andedhi galoncs of the
The Secretary of ths Treastt~y, asan
anxious and attentive-listeli both yes;
terday and to day, 'd'd seemed higbly
gratified at the reshit He obtiineeJ a
copy of the Bill, and postd oilf with it to
the Department. The tantics of the Dem
ocrats were admirable. abd to-no.one man:
is more due than the veteran editor of the
The great test .vote was n dthe subject
of Salt, -and so close was-that as to be by
ome vote only-an the passage, tlie vote
stood yeas 114-nays 95. -
Naver did I perceive more excitement
thatr when the- passage of-tie bill was
was announced. -
The follow~ng i, a list ornthe yeas ani
nays referred to in the aboveletter
Yeas -Messre. Speaker, Adams, An
derson, Atkinson. Bayly. Bhdingcr, Ben
ton, Brigus, James -A. Black, Bowlin,
Boyd, Brinkeroff', Bruickenborough, Win.
G. Brown, Burr, Cathcart; Augustus A.
Chapman,- Reuben Chapman, Chase,
Chipman, Clarke, Cobb, Collin, Cullon,
Cunningham. Danil, Da Vm e Jeferson
Davis, DeMot, Dobbin, ss, Drom
goule, Dunlay, :Ellsworih, yp; hick
lin, Friec, Giles,- Goodyear~dr u ,: Go'
vor, ItaHnlai iarr!,' n, LI 'fe Hcet
tijHi otigh,-Go e * hion. Ed
nund W' Hnbard, James B. _unt, tun
tor, James f Johnson -ioseph John'
son; Andrew Johnson, 'George'W, Jones
Sehorn Jones, KaufmainKeoedy;Pres
ton, king, La"rencoN'Leakc, 'La Sere,
Luiniikin, Maclay; MeyleCltin, Mcuon
nell, alcCrate, Joseply I. MCowell, Jat.
McDowell, Mc Kay J in P. Martin, Bare'
1ay,'Martin,'Morris. N'orse! liiulion, Ni
veh,-Norris, Parish, Pa roe PerrillPhelps,
Pilsbury, Rtathtaurn~ :eid,. Retre, Rhet.
Roberts, Sa wtelle.,'Sawyer, S'am mon.
Seldon, Alexander D. Sims, L. H.-Stims,
Simpson, Thomas Srnith, Robert S-nith,
Stiton,Siark weather, St.4lohn..Strong,
Jacob Trhomnpson, Thurmati Tibbaits,
Towns, Tredet ay, Wick,'Williams. Wil
mot, Wood, WVoodward,1anev-114..
Na!,.-Messrs, -Abbott, . Q. Adams.
Arnold, Ashihun, Barr-inger,:Bell, Jamues
Black. Blanchard, Brodhead, Brown, Mil
ton, Buffiionton, Win. Wz Campbell, J.
HI. Chappell, Carroll, Cdche. Collamer,
Cranston, Crozier, Culver, Darrah, Gar
ret t Davis. Delano, Dixon, Dockery, Ed
sall. Erdinan, John HI. Ewing, Edwini H.
Ewinig, Foot, Foster, .Garih, Gehiry,
uiiddimngs, Grahatt, Grider, Grinnell;
Hampton, Harper, E.-B. Holmes, ,iohti
WV. H ouston, SamnuelD. Hubbard, Hud
son, H ungerford, Washington, Hunt.
Charles J. Ingersoil, Joseph'lit Ingersoll,
Jenkins. D. P. King, Leib, Lewis, Levin.
Long, McHenry,Melvisaie,Masrsh, Mill',
Moseley, Penilleton,..Perry, Pollock, Ram
sey, Rutter, Julius Rocktwell, J. A. Rock
well, R oot, Runk, Russell, Scene'k, Sea
matn, Severeace. Truman Smith, Albeit
Stmiih, Caleb B. Smith, Stephens, Stew
art,.Strohmn, Sykes Thibodemouv, Thorn
asson, Ben'jamin Thompson, Jlas. Thohmp
son,- Tildlen," Tombs, Trumbho, Vande,
Vinton, Wheaton, Whiite, Witdth'i-op,
Woodruff', Wright,'Young, Yosi'-95.
From the Charleston Me-reuri]. .
Tkre TariJ in the &niate.-T be foflowT
inig are the yeas and nays on Mr. Sevier's
motion, -to mak6 the'Taril bill'the special.
order for Monday nest, and eVery day
rhereafier till finally acted nit
-Yeas-Messrs. Allen, Ashfef, Atchison,
Bagby, Benton, Br'eeae, Bright, Calhoun,
Camss, Cialmers,~Colquitt.Dickinson, Fair
field, Han'nagan, Houst,Lewis. McDuf
flo, Pennoybacker, Rusk, Sample, Sevier,
Turney, Westcott, Yulee.-24.
N'ays-Messrs; Archer, Ba'rrow, Cilley,
John M. Clayton, Thais Cliyton, Cur
win, Crittenden,tDavis. Evans, Huntinig
ton, Jarnagin, Johnson of Louiuiaua, Johno
son of Maryland, islangum, Moreheadi,
.Niles, Peare'm, Phelps, Simnmons,Sturgeonl,
U pham, -Woodbridlge-22.
With the exceptioni of th'e' two names in
italics, the division is a strictly piy odeO.
and it is considered a tesi vo-te.
The following is a list, o'thiose who were
absent, classell as it is supposed they wottl
Yeas-Messrs. A thertunDlix,H ay wood,
~ays-Messrs. Bem'rien ^Canion, Day
ton, Ghitnd RMilier Wessr-d'.
Thus in a'fullSeae tiere vould be-at
tie vote, nd the latet heh: bill vould de'
pend -on the vote ofitbe Vit&-Presideht it
is tnt altogethsece'eta that thee will be
wfiull Senates and it' ib tibsolutely car'
'lain that Mr. Berrien -would vote against
the 'bill. He voted against the presenf
-Tariff, and unless he has changed his mind,
mnay be very willing to see it-go down.
Our correspondent seems to think the
Vice-President will do his. duty, in the
event of.a tie vote, and judging by the des
p-onding tone ofbthe principle Tariff organs,
we-are not without hopes that be will.
(O7'2Tihe- " ashiugton correspondent of,
the Charleston Mercury, under date of the
7th.inst., says:-""1 bave heard-this morn
ing from a very reliable source, that there.
are now in Washington several Catholic
Priests from Mexico, sent out here to as
certain- what would be the condition of the
Catholies and Catholics Clergy, if Mexico
coles itito the Union. The Catholic
Clergy-dare wearied, with the continued
plunder of rapaelous Usurpers. and if they
are assured of peace and protection in the
Union, woild be. glad to induce Mexico to
enter it.- This is a very important fact.
and may lead to -great consequences."
.Designs of the Administration Relative
to Mexico.-Tl'he Washington Union con
tains. the following remarks as perhaps
foreshadowing the desins of the Goiern
men in relation to. the Mexican war and
the intervention or European powers in
the dispute. - "It only remains for our
Government to complete this Mexican
war,.eveD as it has begun-to keep justice
on our side to the end--to-continue to show
ourselves always ready, in future, as-here
tolure, for an honorable and satisfactory
peace-to spare no proper effort to miti
gate the horrors or the war while it lasts
-40 lose no moment in pressing on its op
teratidds. both by sea and land, with the
utmnost vigor-lnd finally, to hold steadily
ouour course, laying out of view as im
possible, all armed interference on the part
of foreign powers; and in ease any such
interference should be attempted. sternly
frbidding and repelling it under penalty
of breaking up the peace of the world.
The Chinese Treattg.-The "Union" in
contradicting a. rumor that the Chinese
government had refusedto ratify the treaty
with this government,. in cinsequence of
the- absence of the American Minister,
says :l"The exchange of ratifications of
the treaty of the 3d July. 1844, between
the United States and China, was- maide
nn the 31st of December, 1845.- It was
proclaimed tm thisecountry on the 18.h of
April. 1346, by the President, and pub
lished about the same date."
The Mexican Pri-cateer.-We published
some time since from Jamaica an account
of a suspicious vessel, supposed to have
been a Mexican privateer, hovering in the
vicinity of-that island. The ifearld, pub
lished .at Yarditm:uth, N'ava Scotia, -on
tains a report from Capt. Kellj of the schr.
Mzeppa, which may be considered as in
some.degree a confirmation of the exis
tence of such a vessel. , apt. Kelly fell
in, lat. 28. long. 66-4. witha long black
schooner o(about. 150 tons..with tall ra
king masts, law.hlt and high raths..Du
ring tho-day she boarded tiro brigs. CapI,
K. lostiight of hierat darj. but, in an hour
feiwarsisiane itlitu&a.fe yards of
3p)wards of Ns.h6iirsa d theu s'aid off
n an easterly direction. Nu person was
seei on her decks,. and Capt. K; is of
apinion tbpit she was a pirate. lie attrib
utes his-euap.e totier being short of hands,
jn cons quence of her having just taken
. o prizes.-Chua. Eve. cws.,
The Souths Carolina Voluneer.-lt will
bhe seen that the Paltmetno liegiment have
selected their officers.* Of Cul. Butler,-we
knowv -that he has the repuatiomi of a gal
lamat soldier, andm an excellent ollicer ; in.
dee-i, ,,uch was thet confidetnce reposed in
him, that~several of tihe candidates for !he
comtmand of th. Regimetiwithdrew when
his name was annonced for that cmflicc.
Lieut. Col. .Dickinson. of this town, we
kntow will prove himself worthy of the of
fice to which he has been elected by so
large a majority.-For several years. he
hats applied himself to the infusion of a mi
litary spirit amongst the citizens of this
District, and lhe has succeeded When the
DoKalb Rifle Guards. (the comnpatny whicht
stands first on the list of thte volunteers)
were first organized, he was unanimnously
elected Captain; from the command of
this corp.. he was elected to the com mand
of the 22d Regiment, which office he no'v
holds, and ne doubt if there is a better
drilled or mote efficient regiment in the
State. Of Major Gladden, we know, that
htaving niem himzbst our Brigade Encamp
ments, we can say, without tbesitanion,
that he is well qualified in every respect,.
tor fill his office. Hei is a cognpetent officer
on the field, and withal, a clever, wartm
hearte l and soctal citmpanion, around the
camp fire. With such officers, we believe
that the Palmetto Regimrent will he atmongst
the best drilled and most efficient body of~
volunteer rooj e in the service.-:Camden
Genetal Taylor and 1/he. oluieer.
We understood yesterday that one of the
followers of the camp on the Rio Grande,
wvas in our city, and gave doleful accounts
of General Taylor's strictness in diseipl in
ing the volunteers. It seetius ihat he makes
theofficera submit to a aix-hour drill, every
day, under a non commissioned tJ. States
Officer who instructs them in the manual,
&c. This gives great dissatisfaction, but
" Old Rough atnd Ready," tells the grutm
blers-"gentlemen, you have heavy res
ponsibilities to your' country, resting on
you-you must learn how to discharge
your duties." And the old General is al
together right. Volunsteers are not seat to
Mexico to~frolic; and they should always
expect their duty -to be severe, and make
up their mindg tot the itnconvenience, be-'
fore they enlist.-ALabaniaz Joutnal.
& Baltirmora jury. lockted up on the 4th,
ordered -1he following moderate bill of
fare-"Four hams, thtree dozen chickens.
onequarterof veal, four hind quarters of
lamb. tdn gallons of oysters, forty pounds
of-beef, :fve bushels of potatoes, twenty
bunches of beets, four boxesof cheese, or.'e
bari01'of Crackers, -lemons, hrandy, giit,
and rye whiskey~ftve barrels-of rice,"oue
peck of mint." *. . .
Laying ar Corner Stons.-T he corner
ta-neof te-a new.,Capitolmol Alakbca..was
laid on the 4th'-idilet, at nootgoieff,by
the Masqnic Fratirnityr ofthatrWi2yviih
tbe usua mpressive cerenonies. of tiat
15 DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
Arrival of the Steamship Brafannia.
The steamship Britannia arrived at Bos:
ton on Saturday morning, and her news
was received in Philadelphia by eipress
:from whence it was communicated to the
Baltimore Sun, by the Magnetic Tele
graph, some twenty-four-hours in advance
of the mail. The news is of considerable
importance, and very interesting, particu-,
larly. so far as relates to the reception of
the news of the victories of Gen. Taylor
on the Rio Grande.
The corn bill has triumphed in the comi
mittee of the whole in the: house of Lords
by a .majority. of thirty three. Conse
quently, all fears as to its final passage art
at an end, and a rich market for our super
abundant crops of breadstuffs may noi
be confillently anticipated.
- There has been a-decline of one eighth
pence in the Cotton market, though the
demand continued study.
In England and Ireland the wheat and
potatoe, as well as other crops, have a
fine and prosperous appearance.-nd the
prospect =.f a plentiful harvest was con
sidered good on the 19th uIt.. when the
Britanaia sailed. It seems. tbe-efore,that
we have monopolize) all the rain in this
direction, unless the storm clouds have
paid them a late visit.
Sir Robert Peel's retirement is more
confidently spoken of than by former ar
rivals-there is, however, nothing positive
knwwn yet with regard to his intention in
this respect. It is based .on the supposi
tion, that on the completion of his great
measures he will 'etire from active life. -
The war botween the United States and
Mexico erirgosses public attention. The
victorie.' of the Americana on the Rio
Grande hiis changed public feeling both in
England and France, from sympathy. for
the Mexicans to contempt. This change
of opinion, 'however; is as. uijust'to the
Mexicans as the former feeling was, to the
Anericans. The Mexicans derive.much
credit for their gallant. stand, and it was
only the superior tact and energy of Gen.
Taylor and his brave litile army to over
Mr. Guizot's drian is still pointing out
the necessity arnd policy of France and
England interfering by a joint-action of
some kind to protect Mexico from what it
terms the repacious and tyrannical conduc
in the United States in seizing. ou the
territory of a weak and unfortunate na
tion. The government organ, however,
does not touch -nn the subject, and the
probability is, that *the organ of Mr. Gui
zit is used as a feeler to. ascertaiti 'the
views of the -.peopfe in' regard- to such a
movement. ... . -
Le Compte, the attempted:asiassin of
L'ouis Phillippe, JDing of.the Freneb. has
been executed. -This annouticetnie lt .i '
.be.:received whht undiversa!. surprise, s
this unfortunate: man has izretofore'been
unifortmly epresented ar- labrig intuler
f/aii: f . ie Pope of . l.
hoess, the Pope of: Romo is dead, .lavitjg
expired. suddenui on theist of Juze, ,ar:
ditnal Priuzoni, itdis said, is the person'most
likely to.succoed iim.
'rom IWilmr limith 's nitra -;
THE CORN lI;LL. -
All cears for theP. . l.- y of the Cor n Bill
are over. The most critical- stnge-that
of the ,Cotmmitee, -has been passed i
ump 1hantly, aad-with a turnericul btrength
greater ihtn was7I anticipiated.
The Ilouse of Lords w~ent into commi.
'.ce on the Bill last Mionday. On the &rst
night the Duke of Buckitngham-mnoved an
ame'ndment, the e'ffeci of which, if carried,
wirmld have entilied upon the coumiy a
permanttent sliding scale, varying~ from
tour shiltings to ten shillings per quarter.
Tis is the import duty wvhi~ h Corn will
have to payuntil February, 1849, when a
nomtinal duty of at shilling per quarter is to
be i'sposed- fur registry The Dukte in
proptositng his amendment, did so in a
tamte, hutm-dub speech, which showed
that ho had nto faith in its success. The
result proved that he was right The votes
showed a clear mnajority of 33 against it.
There was a large mauster of peers on
either side, and as proxies are not admis
sable in commttittee, to supporters of the
Govertnent were far miore numerous
than ptrovious calculations poited at,.
Whtat its political consequences will be,
this is neither the timne nor the place to
consider. It is far and away the greatest.
fiscal measure of the age. Its influence
will not be limited to our own clime ; it
will influence, in a greater or less de
gree, the policydoevery commercial coun
try in the world ; and already its effects are
observable in tho relaxation of tthe Rus
san TIariff, and in the altered views of
nations which have thought that their wvi
sest and best policy was to follow the late
s'ritgent code of England.
The United States, our greatest corn
mnercial rival, cau'not long remain inert.
H-er - Legislature wvill march wvith the
times, for it would be a libel upon thte inl
telligence of that great and potent country
to suppose that she can longer he insensi
ble to th'e e'li'ghtened reciprocal views in
cotnmercial mnatiers which Eglish philos
ophters have chalked out, and which
English statesmen have carried practically
into effect, at the sacrifice of their dear
est perso'aal and political connexions, prej
udlices, and sympathies.
The world has never witnessed, never
will witness, devotion less selfish, patrio
tisnr more pure, than Peel has given, by
sacrificing his power and party on -the altar
of Free Trade. But a bright reward will
be his-the brightest reward -which a
great and honest Minister canex perience
"To scatter plenty.o'er a smiliwg land,
And read his history tn a nation's eyes."
The Crops.-The'Mt ledgeville Federal
Union of the 7th says:-From every di
rection- we hear that the wheat and-oats,
already hprvested, have turned out-abua
dantly. The cropu of corn is exidediogly
pr oniising. In this immediate vjcinitj-,:lt.
-has been.- retarded by contintued 7dry wen"
ther for-about'three wreeks, hbut the heavy
a'nd general rein wvhichi rell o. Sbnday,
last. will restore .it and :ensur'nnenl
been 1^6 :ur eiat'ap~a
bea lar eone s . .
The season so far1 '(suiis'3ii
pee; Loiin '7r~we.,aaa ;= t
patious to~ti cotnad i t;rta
lions-have, scarcely~evr liet saen ~
backward than they ar'~ i hs ;
of the wyear: ~.Tue colt -.plait 3s4I
and puny heynd 8Yintpin4. A+w' h r
of the, front ,)tantations tbecitr . , j.<
been _seriously ainjureds &% du
that -ilia coaoaa on ) 3ay6o.(I & j' y
is ordosbe is exceedingly- ta
i e . e l.Th e C ro p s -W e ba v e . fi e r ~ pb a m e t
before. as -for a 'good- naya boot itl -L
crpya*thaw.i our~f~~eiv ~ ,:
fo~nay Mans year . 4'i,.
in )secUaof.t e-tate i -
the w hole lengthaud' breath'~ii
wheat ia.grown; -Eierypios
have seen and cdinverse'rih!1~A t.
his crop: a xdd at. iY'
calculatioos.aod that he~bas-tohe"? 't
For this section of Georgia-iaGe) r'
belt-his issavinzagreaztecJ a-s"iI ".
was ever, said before.;- Isct
whero Whet. growing for i~1~
muin pursuit of ovur farmerd V0'e lupinp% "
a most bountiful hettv -dd5_ce d i - K '
their labors, and that more* Wbeaz.wiJh2
oflerdd for saleahis year, an Gporgma. be
has ever. been offered-before: P~eair
therefore. may.~ expect to~get.:floir afra.
reasonable rate." We: mu ot on ito--;'
incut ion. that the- Whoat: tbie7' . i..y
is-generally of asperior.
The Co -cropidoks veryr
the scsoos have beob generally gd;~i
in- our immediae- ueigbborboo dxlgzborlty, :.
we have had-fite-rajoa. Ii . zav6 Kitad~Ts"
the corn look remar rniiag r. p2"
Tectocpdu promising. From all thatj a n1ira
is rather back ward fur th idpatJtr
both in this, and ote secibnof the8
" -eI O 1. . - '
191) GEEELDC i? --
*WED~taSDAi, JULYT l$ ?
The atteitbn- of. the reader u;eis d _ "
CommunicationQ ,of8SP ioszns Auq1 i Esq sWe
map., in some future -lUbeos n
pouts~ in hits con nunicat th4 '
Ki e'wiil oily; in 3 ast ia~ ,ci .
that we wzsb;our patrouns to deaaa,k'
the pnbli'tie, cqwuuauotz t'
spoke u uw oaf Jstpeter ~ '
:dept OtI:Vlun~teers " f)flg~i 'Pj
Bhx O~heial el 06 :
GL:.nmz;: Esqg',_ o;o said Ein:r.
- - t: lt~~ " wr.. 1L "-. - :