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SWe will cling to 1he Pillars of the Temple of our Libertes. n~i ust fall w wilPerish& amidsu ke Ruins."
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- Ar iae u it u r a I.
-From the American Agriculturist.,_:
)'rA-UT1CAL FACTSABOUT PO K
. AND AACON.
JWaiI is he 1oss ig';ceight on making
Pork into Baco ?-This question is often
asked. and every farier..iarticularly in
the West, ought to knos bow to answer
it. As a generaj and safe rule, from facts
within my ow'n.knowledge, I have always
contended shatit is better for the purchas
er to buy pork in the hog, and .nake his
own bacon, when he can do it for one half
the pire, per pound, than to buy it ready
made. That is, if pork is usually worth
3 cents, and bacon "hng. round," 6 cents,
it ii better to buy the fresh pork. I amt
writing for the West, and inn Westoro lan.
guage. That your Eastern readers may
understand, I wi l say that "ho. tound
means 2 hans, 2 shoulders,.atd 2 sides
out of whicha4terthe bones :Should always
be taken. I always irin:.of belly pieces
f.>r lard. Hams and shoulders .too are
wel; trimmed. ..The method of.sal ing of
ton asianishes some of thse netw enigrants
from Yankee land Nebodv ever made
-henter baon far 15 years thian hive and
- * a k bt I I about
_.its he..-or ter of ili e Nou~, e
pile o1 ricks.. ..1 let it lie about as many
days as the htatsiweih pounds each;
overhauling once. Tihenj hang up far
aaway Irom t he fir.; in a-very open and'airy
s-nokehouse. and smoke well with hickory
or other sweet wood-% .'tendraw 1oiose
caton base over each juini, aind tie'rodi:ll
the string by which the ";neat hangs. Do
this- before the flies rutme in the spring,
an4.you may let.it-hang as -long as you
like, atad it will be good-at least, mine is
so, For sany years our house has ntot
been without a supply- of this most excel
lent kind of meat. whih is a munch snore
healthy food than the eternal round of
fresh beef, &c.
But to return to the subject.- On the
20th. of January, 1846, Lkilled 5 hogs,
abtut a your and a half old, and one about
half that age, of the Berkshire and China
breed, fattene. upon..coru fed-in the ear.
the qwsotity not counted, as it was too
cheap to regard that.
Th- following tablerwill show the weight
of each hog, and the weight of each piece
of meat cut for bacon.
j Hams. Shoulders. Sides. His.
3124hs. 30.lbs. 3- lbs 40.11):. bs.
30 ' 3 39
.308 " -29 '- 31 A a 1 1.
295 a. " aJ9a
289* 29 " 11
259 "127 "4 3 ba -
381-" 20 "a 1 t 1 a
20 " I2 9"12
ScrpsS~c-2 lbs. of fels 213bs. o
.'irltitios ~l 310 b. of "efr and fa
dif~rne~-e 35t "g 37 lb4 weh of
12 hes 35 dit"holes 3-3titt
12 ades;2a 9 *1 o 3.ed~44 21.
ThsPorkwhe kile -a wort 3" t
h ciaps c.- lbes.gmof seezed a3ls. tof
. oldrb ting od15. feaf soard and.
Okmngs7 lbs&.lor i heconting n
difernc -weigind;(31 bs wihat f1
6rses ;1 andL17 o. 6ltlses,-1644lbs.
-sTis or 0k. wenuadkidws wth ets.f
a..leanhe wllms it wl otysrink
hroeff odd'pounds n in t metd at
ahijnle. l.oul amto $48. 1ad'The lad
drid on:q 129des, aemstabetifu artcl.
woudi thlod :wbife's sat
wel me1adeid,9vs. rTead a
up. .u.eighedpit, ad-fotndonbacethe 1
(is4;)1p~uam8 inli oibik thEa
tii4shoulrsafs I'b ueingoor-fond1
a 1olpr'ucentg of loss-abanttpgem on~
fhoslittle th~be - as n'dl' w7iihreo
rie me. . 5. h-sd
and lard at 44 ets., and be well paid for
trouble and cost of making bacon, because
the heads, &c.. are worth much more than
I stated them at in any family.
The principal object in this statement is
to inform those who have had less experi
ence in this matter than I have, whether it
is most advantageous to sell their hogs
fresh, or cut and salt; and for that pur
.pose I have endeavored to be accurate.
Each person in his own place will judge
of his own market and relative prices, and
if his hogs are not so good as mine, anake
greater allowance for lns and offal.
Will some on'e who keeps a pork barrel,
make a similar statement, and publish for
the benefit of your readers ?
Lake C. H, (now called Crown Point,
Ind.. May 15, 1846.
From the Southern Cultirator.
COTTON-CA TERPIL LAIt.
Mr. Catmak :-As Iain one of your sub
scribers, I feel in duty bound to contribute
all the.information that I am in possession
of, that would enhance our Cotton crops,
by destroying the worms which have been,
and are now, nakng such havoc on some
farms that the crops will be an entire fail.
ure. I, for one. believe that all diseases
and disasters have theirefl'ectual remedies,
which if rightly applied, and at the right
season, will prove successful. I know
there are many farmers who disdain to
believe any thing like' experiments to be
profitable. They are all anti prosperous
kind of beings (not Farmers.) who are
content to sit on the stool of do anthing
and murmur at Providence, and will not
even listen t-a any new idea. take hold of
no new inventions, but hold on to the old
rules. Fatherlarnt them well; father cut
his pig's tails when he castrated them, and
they do it too; and father lost about one
pig in ten or fifteen, and they do ton.
Well, Anti, just ask your neighbor who.
has hogs with long tails if he ever..looses
any by castration, and my word for it he
will tell you no, scarcely ever ; and on the
other hand ask your neighbors who has
short tail hogs if he ever looses any by-the
operation.. He will 'say. oh 'yes some
how or-othcer I never canget- a-good hand
to attend rwe-operation, as I know I al
. a ttend . ttieste<. things whet.. the
s ,inedown jour prijudie; ail 'ndve
cut oif a pig's tail nite they illnot Bleed
to death. -Try it; and as I shall tell you
haiv 'tokeep., the worat out of your 'Cot
tontry it also.; and if either fails, inat pub.
lish your nama in the Cultivator, and 1
wvill pay the eubscriptinn for one sear of
all who will try it f.irly and fail.
About the first of July 1 discovered the
wormhs ha 1 made their appearance in mny
Cotton. About that time wse had a few
very warm days which made them disap
fear; and I saw nosign of them till about
the 15th Atngust; and then on close exam.
ination, I found nearly every stalk had
more or less worms and eggs; in the bud
of the stalk, I counted:as many as 12 eggs,
and saw some at the stage when the weorn
was coming out of the egg. The eggs are
very small, about the size of a mustard
seed, and of a pale dove color. The worm,
when it first hatches, commences eating
the bud where the eggs are deposited.
The worm, when first hatched, is about
the size of a sman-ll ant's body ; and ia a
few days they will shed and commence
searching for the squares. On the 151h I
caught numbers of flies which lay the
eggs, about sun se', and found their bodies
full of eggs. I made it a business every
evening to go into the field to catch the
fly and examine them ; and I found every
evening they had less eggs in them ; and
~on the 20th day I caught numbears aof the
flies, and itn pnlliang thetm in two I founad
thecy had lai-1l out their eggs, or at least I
could find none in themn. I had not top.
ped my Cotton till I found at whlat timae
tho flies bad stopt laying. As I wished to
make an experiment, I staed any hands
to topping and gave them Instructions to
top as low down as they discoveread aany
squares had opened, atnd also to top all the
suckers; and I will assure you it looked
like a ruinous business, as sname times it
would take one third of thec stalk. 1 anade
the hands rub wvhat was polled off', so as to
destroy wh'at eggs and worms thecy gath
ered. At that time I offered to take 10
bags of Cotton for any crop, which wvas 70
acres ; but since tbe topping I would not
take 30. It is true it was a considerable
task, as amy hands would not top more
thaat 1i acres per hand a day.
I feel richly rewarded for my troubles
anad experiment, and know of a truth that
othters tnay be henofitted, if we ever
should be troubled by the wvorms again.
I would have wrote sootne-r, bot wishiang
to be satisfled with thme experimnent, makes
it too late to be of any advantage to the
farmers this season, as the wormu has got
down into the large bolls.
But I fear say some .4nti wvill say, Fa
ther topped his Cotton, and he had wvams
inrit too, and I don't' believe the experi
ment will do. But again, let Father keep
his eye on the fiddler, and watch the fly,
the egg and -the worm, and top with jndg'
nent, as 1 have given directions, and be
will say,.away with prejaudice. Give me
insatuctionand let- me" know tho'signs of
.-"iid .' hich will be by taking the CuI.
- - ' -WATTS.
~'-egt~i~~r-I acase recentl be
fore the Alpesl eota' fltimore Ghe
I that where.the tender was in all other
respects iegal, no matter what might be
the amount, the tender of cents bearing
the impress of the United States coin was
THE ANGEL'S WING.
BT SAMUEL LOVER.
There is a German superstition, th when
a sudden silence takes place in company, an
angel at that moment tnakes a circuit around
them and the first person that breaks the si
lence is supposed to have been touched by the
wing of the seraph. For the purpose of poetry,
I thought two persona preferable to many, in
illustrating tis very beautiful superstition,
When by evening's quiet light
There sit two silent lovers,
They say, while in such tranqnil plight,
An ungel round them hovers:
And further still old legends tell
The first who breaks the silent spell.
To say a soft and pleasmng thing.
!lath felt-the passing angel's wing.
Thus, a mtsing minstrel stray'd
By the summer ocean,
Gazing on i lovel.y maid,
With a barn's devotion:
Yet his love he never spoke,
Til now the silent spell he broke,
The hidden fire to flame did spring,
Fann'd by the angel'stving !
[have loved thee well and long,
With love of heaven's own making!
This is not a poet's song,
But a true heart's speaking;
I will love thee, still nutired!
lie felt-he spoke-its ote inspired
The words did from Truth's fountain spring,
Unwakenod by the angel's wing !
Silence o'er the maiden fell,
Her beauty lovelier making;
And by her blush, ie knew full well
The dawn of love was breaking.
It came like sunshine o'er his heart
IHe felt that they should never part.
He spoke-and oh !-the lovely thing
Had felt the passing angel's wing.
CAPTURE' OF SANTA FE...
The St. Louis papers of 25th. Septem
ber. contains authentic. intelligence 4)f the
tiewsgwas brought by the steamer. Little
Missouri, from 1ort Leavenworth* The
mail frontSanta Fe, reached the Fort in
"S days. The capture took place on the
A remarkable fact c.>nnoctod with this.
capture is. it wilt be seen, that Gen. Kear
ney de:lares his purpose to annex all New
Mexico no the United Slat's, on both sides
of the Riat Grande.
Tne St. Louis Republican contains the
diary of an officer belonging to the expe
dition, in which the occurrences of each
day are noted. His accuurt of tho cap.
lure is as follows :
Tuesday, Aug. 1S.--Started as usual.
and at six miles cane to the Cannon,
where the Mexicran irumy under Armijo
had been asseibled. There had been 3,000
troops thete, but it seems that the nearer
we approached them, the fewer they be
came. and when wte passed thr.uAb lhey
had all gone. The [position they chose
was nour the lower end, and it was one of
great strength. The passage a as not
more tha forty feet wide-ina front they
had made an obstruction with timber, and
beyond this, at 300 yards difant, was an
eminence iu the road, on which their
cannon had been placed; and it was
thought by us, that ineir position was
equal to 5,000 men. We reached the hill.
which overlooks Santa Fe at 5 P. .M.
Major Clark's artillery was purt into line,
and thre mounrted troop~s and infantry
were marchred throutgh the :town to the
Palace, (as it is carlledl) art the public
squrare, where tire General and his staff1
dismounted, and were received by the
arctinrg Govsrnor and other dignitaries, and
cotnducted themn to a large room.
The General stated, int a few words,
the object of his visit, arnd gave assurance
of sarfety and protectiont to all unoifeuding
cittzens. WVitile this transpired the stars
and stripes were hoisted nn the stallf whfch
is attached to the Palace, by Maj. Sworuds,
and as soon as it was seen to wave above
tire buildings, it was hailed by a national
saluto froma tire battery of' Capraints Fie
chrer and Weightmran. under the command
of' Major Clark. While tire General was
proclaitming the conqurest of New Mexic.o
as a part of the United States, the first
gun was heard. "There," said he, "my
gons procelaim that the flag of the United
Stares floats over the capital," The peo
pie appeared satisfied. The Gen.. slept
in thre Palace, (we demtocrats- must call it
the Governor's horuse.) One company of
dragoonts was kept in the city as a guard,
and the business of the day, was ended.
.Thua, in the short space of fifty days.
has an army been marched nearly 900.
miles over a desert country, aud conquered
a province of ever 80,000 souls without
firing a gun-a success which rmay be at
tributed mainly to the skill.,and ability
with which Gon. Kearney has managed
this ar'duous .and delicate business .In
ex)Iaiinughis object isi coming .into tihe
country, arid the. kindrcits he felt for the
inhallitanns, he wvas mild, and eonrtenus;
but then, (would ad,) Iclaim ,the wvhole
of New Mexico for ih'e. United Stnates
puitnmy haa on it ,from rlhis nioment.
(bringing his band fir'mly edownon bis
thigh,) snod dematf3 obedencfui l ws,
qdnesdayi. O ..9d'he Sen. ,ad
rresed ihe whrol people rt-anore at
mpsigttuve- assurances of protection in
their rsons, property, and- religion.
Many milies had fled on his approach,
and hEAhold their. friends to bring them
backa id to say to them that they would
be maoi' safe under his administration
than had ever been. He stated that
in ia k j4[possessida of New Mexico, he
claim ~he whole of it for the U. States,
withoa fieference to the Rio Grande. He
absat 'them' from their allegiance to
Mexic sd Gorernor Armijo, and pro.
claini rJimself Governor of New Mexico,
and med thet as citizens of the Uni
0:.. Ling Governor and Alcades then
took t .ohth of allegiance to the U. States,
and thejpeoplu, with a simultaneoussbout,
exclai 6 "Vive la General."
Iti :rI (says the St. Louis Republi
ean ) m that Gen. Armijo, the Gover
nor ,w Mexico. had actually 4,000
men a is command, but very badly arn
ed,.aa*iat on the 16th August they left
fort A place appointed as the battle
,round F hen be got there, however,
a conu~ast of his officers was called, and
'-matitb is satisfaction." they refused to
fight.,,' i .econd in command, Col. Ar
chulottj pas exceedingly valarous up to
a late e, but very suddenly changed his
entir wsof the necessity of the quar
rel. ysoon.after this determination,
Gove 4 Armijo turned his head towards
Chihu a, followed by a few dragoons.
IiJA opposed. that General Kearney
wonlj 'tiinate a Mexican for Governor
of th: artment. and appoint an A mer
icanS tary. All. those in office who
are - t. to. be *irnstworthy, would, in
all " ! ity be continued in their places.
. e' earney, it was supposed, would
have at~rce of2,000 men in Sant Fe, and
marth4 a short time to California, with
a likei her.
Tb -adem who were overtaken by
Gen. liy's. force were close out hand,
butit$wir believed that- they would not be
at ake sales of their goods in Mexi
c.. . would be. compelled to make
their . 'slowily down tho Del Norte,
awaii ei result of Gen. Wool's move
mnia "not U:alif'ornia.
Lie en o the &rtille ;yhas
wtc a 4 ce omeilays in session..
Anebrospondent of- te Reptblieau,
writing from Santa Fe. Aug. 21th, says :
'Onto-morrow a body of troops will
march towards Albuquerke, to take pos
session of that district. It is supposed
that a cetachment of the army will also
soon be sent to California.. 'he atrtillery
under Major Clarke, is erecting fortifica
tions in front of the town. The two cotn
patties tinder the commend of Capts. Fis
cher and Veightman, it is genernely sup
posed, will be stationed here, supported
by some other forces; Maj. Clarke com
nands the garrison. These are the current
reports, generally credited, although Gen.
Kearney can hardly know for certain, how
the appearance of things may change, and
what steps may become necessary to en
sure a permaunctt tranquility in the prov
in conclusion, lot me sag, t hat we have
no' lost any men, in the artillery. nor have
we any sick, at the present time-that we
are a.l as contented as we can possibly
be, and burning with impatience to hear
from our friends in St. Louis, and our
brother soldiers in the south."
Civilization in Sauta Fe.-A gentleman
attached to Gen. Kearney's expedition,
says in a leter from Santa Fe ta a brother
in St. Louis, "This is the most miserable
country I have ever seen. The hovels the
people live in are built of mud, one story
high, sod have no~ flooring. T'hey sleep
on the grounid aand ifave neither beds, ta
bles or chairs. In fact they burrow in the
ground like Prairie dogs. We entered the
city on the 18th of August, and took pos
session without tiring-a gun."
Santa Fe.-This having become nt place
of interest in the public eye, since General
Kearney's expedition to it, we extract
from Mr. Gregi.' "Comnmerce of the prai
ries," a description of the town and its
neighborhood. Mr. Gregg made several
trading expeditions from Missouri to San
ta Fe,.and iecamne well acquainted with
that place, as with the intermediate coua
-Santa Fe the capital of New Mexico,
is the only town of any importance in 'the
province. We sometimes flid it written
Santa Fe de San Francisco, ( Holy Faith
of Si Franicis,) the lalter being the patron
or tutelar s'aiut. Like mst of the towns
in this section of country. it occupies thre
site ol' an ancieht ptreblo or Indianvillage.
whose race has been' extinct for a great
many years.' Ats situation is twelve or
ffteen tmiles -east of the 'Rio del 'Norne, at
the western base of a snowe clad 'mou ntain,
upon a beautiful'strealn of s mall mill pow'
er size, which ripples ilown in icy cascades,
and joins the river'somie twenty miiles to
the southwestwafrd.' Tie populatiinn of
the city itself but little erceeds' three thou
nd ; "yet, including' se'veral serroindingt
villages which-are embiraced in its corpor
ate jurisdiction1 it amounts to hearly six
thousaoadsOtls. "The thwn' ia very irre
gularly 'aid' ouzteanimost of the streett
~are,litl,eUtetainf ennmmon' highways
traversingsatteied~ettlements' whiebt are
itrsprsed~witb corn ields nearly'sufli
.ienat to'sapply the inb'abitbintg'with graih.
The onrLv atiempt at-any thingslike mrchi
in four tiersof uuildingsi, whose4'ronts 'are
o-eidf thde tef-dscription.' The)
prise-the Governor's house, the barracks
the Casa Consistorial of the Alcaldes. the
military chapel. besides several private
residences, as well as most of the shops of
the American traders.
"The population of New Mexico is al
most exclusively confined to towns and
villages, the suberbs of which are general
ly farms. Even most of the individual
ranchos and haciendas have grown into
villages-a result almost indispensable for
protection against the marauding savages
df the surrounding wilderness."
Corr. of the New York Herald.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 1, 1846.
The greatest activity prevails in the
War and Navy Departments, among those
whose especial duties relate immediately
to the preparations for carrying on the
war with Mexico.
There is no doubt that all the available
strength of the nation is to be employed,
until our republican neighbor cries for
quarter, nuc consents to terms of peace.
The st..tements recently made, through
the New York Herald, of a contemplated
attnck on Tampico, is a fact now beyond
Last June a large number of guns and
shells were shipped to the Gulf. fron this
city and elsewhere, to be thus made use of,
if so advised by the proper department.
A delay of offensive operations was ocea
sioned by the anticipated return of Santa
Anna; but now that the administration
has been disappointed in what they had a
right. or a reason, to expect from him, and
being unwilling to await the deliberations
of a constituent Congress, the long peut
up war thunder is to have vent. that with
its accompaniments, it may awaken the
dro.vsy Mexicans to the "still small voice"
General Patterson at the tead of five
thousand men, including the seven hun
dred regulars from the. North, to he sent
under direction of General Gaines, is to ad.
vance-on Tampico with all possible speed,
after. the. necessary provision shall have
been made for that purpose. The. naval
forces are, at.a. propertime, to unite their
strength with those of the Iau I, and thus
insure success. .
Orders to this end,.were issued yester
d 'a ready ave possession o a large
portion of Tamaulipas; but the entirety is
to be secured.
Extract of a letter recessed in Charleston;
dated, WAsHtNGTON, Oct. 2.
The Delegation from the Winnebago
tribe of Indians, met in council yesterday,
at the oflice of Colonel Albert of the To.
pographical Bureau, and after a long pa
laver, desired time to deliberate on the
propositions of their great father, and will
convene aguin on Saturday next. Thus
you see these rude sons of the forest are
not quite so rapid in jumping to conclusions
na sonme may suppose. ite council was
held in public, and marry of the fair sex
were present, seemingly delighted with
the scene before them. An Indian talk is
an exceedingly interesting thi'ng-the elo
quence is unique-the gesture natural, and
when in full costume the orators somehow
nake personal displays that serve to add
to the natural ruby of the cheeks of civi
lized dames. Nevertheless, no spectator
can witness it, without adtniting.
When that elegant and refined woman,
Mrs Madison, did the honors of the White
House, she took a deep interest in the
chiefs, who at that tine visited their great
father. They used to come occasionally
to the drawing room-and I recollect on
one evening, a dignified old chief who had
been induced to change his costume for
that. of his more civilized) broteIors, took
hold of his coat sleeve, and looking archly
at her, told her she had made him a snake.
She asked with some surprise how that
could be ! lie instantly replied, "do you
not see you have made me change my
A Ckange.-The Union indicates (says
the Charleston' Mercury,) a very important
change ini tlte mode ol' counucting the
Mexican war, which is likely soon to give
it a decisive result. Napoleon's maxim
was, that a war of conquet should sup~port
itself. Accordingly when he had overrun
a district, his first care was to establish a
government especially adapted to draw
out all its resouirces for th-e support of his
army. We have been acting on very dif.
feront mnaxitms in the Mexicatn war. We
were to contend agai'nst nothing but the
armted forces of the Reptublic, and in no
way to assume the privileges ol conquer.
er8, except by bearing all the expenses of
gotverning the conquered. The consequence
has beoen thant thte Mtexicans have made a
great bargain of our invasion. Losing no
thing, they have gained the priviledge-of
supplying oar armies at enormous prices.
This is to be lamended hereafter. The
UJnion quotes from VATTEL thai
"Instead of the pillage of the countr~
and defeneeless places, a custom has beet
substituted ,mre humaise and more advan
tageous to the sovereign makitng war.
mean that of contributions. Whoever
carries on a just ivar, has a right of making
the enemy's country contribute to the sup
port of the army, and towerds defraying
all the charges of the war."
And-the same paper adds, after laying
proper stress upon our offer to degotiate
anssvered oh the part of Mexico by~an..o
for to toait - .,.,M"
A* goiu'as lhe diory, as$vtAhl
Mexico was resed bhe overan~j
there iront*doubt tha: eiybr 14
catd isat adoined.Te vt16
of-haMaon aoo iiel1rje1
respeced, except what may be: neceesary
for the support of our army. Their per
sons and property, wiih this exception, will -
be sacredly protected. Their religion ai'd'
their altars -ill be respected as tryIlyas'ir -
they were Americans in tbebosodi of& u.
FromA.Mpeslet o Troops.-Orders
were received late on Friday evening last,
from Washington, for the despatch of
Company K, 3rd Artillery, stationed in
this city, under the command of Major
Wade~ to ;he Rio Grande.
Major Wade with the promptness which
characterizes the soldier, embarked ar12
o'clock noon, on Saturday, with. his copn
pany, in the steamer Beaufort Districi, for
The company mustered sixty-four, rank
We separated frotm Maj. Wade with
regret, for a residence of many years en
deared him to our citizens. generally.
We desire for the gallant soldier health
and glory in arrs, and wish him a speedy
return -to his family and friends.-Saan
Translated froma Frenck Paper.
Added to the talent .and virtues- which
raised the new Pope, Count Mastai Seretti,
to his high station, he has the advantage
of belonging to one of the ancient noble
families of Italy ; whose ancestors were
distioguished.fur the most gallant courage.
and some of them shone iu the saloons.nf
the Emp;re and afterwards in Paris at tile -
time of the restoration. -.
Mastai Seretti was thirty' years a i,'
Lieutenant in the service of Austria, a
handsome officer, who wore his unif'orni '
gallantly,.and was always ready Gore - .
advnature that came in his wayIY
many of his age and profession, he had. n
duels, his love alf'airs. his- debts,.his-good
fortunes in garrison, and alldthe light and
smilingdjoyasofyouth. Oa one brightda .
his heart was siraek in'a'rnestk.andoathe
passion that had .:o utaon possession s
his. heart;. be place'd tliis earthy hopes
brit'at the, aog&ft hse'd these?
dreamswere.:rea l rejlfess- 4
snatclhed agny > b'tq
deceptions, and becamile a priest. -
Now,: doubtless he is consoled,;. ines
religion and the Church. have giv~n ffidia
splendid compensation for' he happiness
To rise fronri an under Lieutennt ro a:
Pope is a wonderful promotion, whicli,
reminds one of the magical changes in the
time of Napoleon, and will not often hap
pen, even to the most fortunate soldier.-.
SEVEN DAYS LATER PROM EuaoPE.
Arrival of the Steamer Hibernia.
Boston, Octobor 26, 1846.
To the Editors of the Journal of Commerce : -
By the mail steamer Hibernia, Capt..
Ryrie, which arrived here this afterajoon
fron Liverpool, making the passage in 13.
days and 18 hours. we have advires from
Liverpool to the 19th September, London
15th, Paris 16th, Dublin 17th, and Havre
Well-founded apprehensions of a faltee
in the American Cotton crop have ca'used
an increased demand for the staple in Liv
erpool. and prices have accordingly ad
vanced a farthing per pound.
Her Britannic Majesty's government
and the people of Spain have mahifested
so much hostility to Louis Phillipg'e:
youngest son, that the celebration of the
nuptials has been postponed for the pres
eat, if not forever. The immediate con
seqaence is a tremeridduos wy ocwft
between England, France and Spain.-,
The r'emote consequence will probablj be
the destruction of the ent ete-cordiate, which
has so long existed between the courts of
St. James and St. Cloud.
The total failure of the potato crop ap
pears to be a sad reality. Every where ina
freTaujd, and in the greater part of the
Brim ish island, the vegetable has. .turned
into putrid tmatter, which even the brogs
will not devour,.. From the Continent of'
Europe, including' Russia, we have dis
mal accounts of thie progress of the blight.
The use of the potato as an ordinary food'
is now almost abandnnedf.
Liver pool, September 11.
AwFUL Frat AT LVEaRPOOL.
We have againO been visited by another
awful and fearfually destructive. fire,.he
equal of which, as regards the intenser ra .''
pidity of the fiam es, -or .the shocking
amount of property destroyed, 'has .toot '
been wit nessed at Liverpoolsince- he .;s .
lamity which laid the sugar works ofdelf- -
srs. Brauniker, in 'Harrington,...-n a is
ruinis' Last nig'ht,.about half past a, eat
alarm of fire was raised ums beingob
servcd to dart frrim'ihe aojr~fthe basildin;
occupied bj Messrs. Mafie and Sons, st
gar refiners, in'1acelohfairists Dale Br,
The billdi'n-g is ee~en stonres':high, -ezeii~
sivo of theceliar; andgiftsgort after diaon
burst ghrotagl,.; he~ lamqs, rzng~hi.
mighty torrent,4roggJ1gnmense haet~.
inthe imn :dt..ei ab av b .
stons occa iligoodlayd an *
followed by the ecmission oyden
'of nil ie sisnst sbca~h