Newspaper Page Text
From tA Charleston Evening News.
THE COMMON SCHOOL SYSTEM
While the people of South Carolina are
contemplating the expediency of construe
ting new rail roads, or erecting manufac
tories-of extending their commerce, or
improving their agricultural resources, as
meansof increasing their population, their
wealth and political power, there is one
subject upon which we hear but little said,
notwithstanding that by it alone, that pop
ulation can be rendered happy, that wealth
.advanta;eous-to the State, or that pulitical
power safe in the hands of the people.
Itswere idle to expatiate on the advan
tagesor'evn'the necessity in a popular
government of a general diffusion of the
blessings'of edueSttui. 1rom the days of
the Romans, when one of their brightest
philosophers expressed his doubt whether
the man who administered justice to the
people was of more value than he who
taught the youth the principles of virtue
and lnowledge, to this age which delights
to call Itself more enlightened than any
that has proceeded - it, no statesman has
been so far -blinded to the truth as to den iy
the paramount claims of popular educa
tion to the attention of every ruler. We
may enlist armies to. protect our frontiers
or build- navies-to defend our commerce ;
we may construct roads for the facilities of
travel, or build canals and improve rivers
for the transportation of merchiandize, but
if the minds, the immortal minds, of our
citizens are allowed to remain.fallow, all
our labor in making the republic great or
pywerful will be of no avail. . Our armies
and our navies will appear only scenes of
degradation, our cities and villages will be
deliverod up to vice, the child of ignor
ance, and our people will become the
prey of demagogues.
The cry has gone up and 'long and loud'
o our land against the influence of what
.s familiarly 'and contemptuously called
"old hunkerism;" but the only way to de
'stroy effectually such an influence, is to
educate the masses. . Give the people
knowledge, and you give them power.
Educate them and they will think, and
thinking, act for themselves. Legitimately
there can.be but one species of influence
that man must always exert over his fel
low citizens. It is the influence of the
.strong mind over the weak.
But the people by education are not only
made more fit to govern the State, but
more capable of controlling themselves.
There is no greater preventative of cri-me
than the liberal diffusion of learning. 'By
general instructi-mt,' says Mr. "Webster,
-we seek as far as possible, to purify the
whole moral atmosphere; to keep good
sentiments. uppermost, and to turn the
strong current of feeling and opinion, as
well as the .censures.of the law, and the
denunciations of religion, against imoor
ality and crime. We hope (or a security,
beyond the law, in the prevalence of an
enlightened and well principled mooral
sentiment '* -
If then-, as we of course assume, there
can, be no -doubt of the immense advanta
ges which result-to a State fromtbe gene
.ralg ifusion ofahesetempn f, nowlede
amgispe-ole ~gith 67 there be.
any doubt, that.the only mode of accom
plishing. this :desirable. object is by the
proper establishment of Common Schools,
and the proper.regulation of a Common
School System. This is the topic to which
we propose on a subsequent occasion' to
advert ; to enquire into what are the faults
of our system ; how these faults are to bxe
remedied, if they are remediable; and
what is the beat method, not economically.
for in such a question, economy is not to
be considered' as paramount, but effectu
ally, to carry out the design of givmng
knowledge to all the people.
For a topic so important as this, we
need sei.rcely crave indulgence. Its con
sideration reCoinmends itself to every lover
of his country or his species, and now on
the eve of a new legislative sessiotn, we
aro desirous of callitig the attention of our
law makers to the importance and neces
sity of a thorough revisal of the whole sys
tem of Common Schools in South Caro
lina. It is a work worthy of all the labor
and all the talant that can be devoted to
The defects of the Common School Sys
tem in this State, arise from either the de
ficiency in number, or inconvenience in
locality of the schools-from the qualifi
eations, in many instances, of the teachers
-fiom the insufficiency in the character
of the educfhion-from the. negligence of
those appointed to soperintcnd,-or from
the general apathy of the public. Each
of these causes would in itself be adequate
to impair materially the utility of the sys
tem ;combined, they have, with the ex
ception of the schools in this city ; almost
entirely destroyed it. The, system indeed
of Common, or as it is called in this State,
of Free School inistruction, has bbcome of
late years exceedingl'y unpopul'ar en thiis
account. M0any have confouided an in
sufficient snd defective sjstem with a good
and useful one. Trhey have blamed it for
the errors of its administrators, and have
eondemned trhe public support of schools,
because they find that heretofore the fund
has in too many instances-been squandered
on ndeserving objects, and without pro
ducing any good' results,-forgetting that
we should never argue against the use of
a thing, from its abuse,-and that in S.
Carolina we have raver yet liad an op
portunity~of testing what is the effect on'
the peopie, of'a'good; and efiective system
of public imstiuction
*Speech in the afassachntette Convention:
fbr revising the ConstItution.
From thre Southern Chronicle.
We are greatly gratifted to learn that the
Nion. Jbhai Ik- Mlanning has establishted a'
geholarship in the South Carolina College
f-or the education of' indigent and clever
young men.. This- beautiful act of mnnif
icence excites moro admiration than suir
prise-eommag from one of Col. lantning's
libeathpart and enlightened mind-and
wvell bfifus a name which for three gene
rations has been beloved.and honored in
?ur.State. -The name of the grandfather'
is inscribied on ilitfield of'.Eutawr-that
or ti.feathdr, whogg Bgepesentative
in Congress god overtrgoiifi State,
belongs to our hitraa: l writ
ten on-tigheagrls of rlgse ghoew him
4.negg.Mgstg . irekp-m
scribes the name upon the most cerished
institution of our State.
-in such an appropriation of wealth
there is a, most complex'bfnifcence. It
involves the dissemination of learning
that noblest purpose to which the human
intellect can be directed. It relieves the
pressure of poverty in cases where that
pressure is most bitterly felt-where the
instinctive aspirations of vigorous minds
and the genial current of high natures are
frozen by it. It is an act of gratitude and
affection to the donor's Alma Mater, set
ting an exumple to others which is to be
hoped may not be without its efTect.
We understand that a very broad dis
tinction as to the organization and man
age:nent of the fund is entrusted to the.
Faculty, and we doubt not that they will
promptly make it as effectual as possible.
We are sure their hearts will be engaged
in it, for next to the happiness of furnish
ing such a fund, will be the pleasure of
Telegraph improvement.-Mr. Cornell,
the Superintendenl of the new-York and
Buffalo Telegraph,-may cry out "eureka !"
if he has actually solved the question how
to cary she wires across navigable rivers.
The Albany Journal gives an assurance
that such a discovery his been made, and
says, Mr. Morse fancied, originally, that
he could use the water itself as a sufficient
conductor, by placing large masses ofeopper
upon either shore. But upon being testeJ.
it was not found practicable. It was then
supposed that by enclosing the wires in
nassive~tubes, and depositing them on the
bottom of the river,the connection could be
permanently secured. The experiment
was made, and a day or two afterwards
the tubes were torn up by anchors. So
fhits mode was abandoned.
Mr. Cornwell has been studying for a
year or two, with a view to overcome this
serious obstacle to a continuous connex
tion. His reflections have resulted in
what he deems to be a practical discovery.
He tested his project on Tuesday, and it
resulted to his entire satisfaction. What
the discovery is, he does not choose at
present to itflorn the public-except that
the connection is secured through a naked
wire placed in the water. Those who
are aware that water is among the very
best conductors of electricity, will question
Mr. C.'s veracity, until they learn more
of the details of his discovery. But of
this the public may rest assured-the ex
perinent has been successfully made, and
under circumstances which promise per.
From the Char. Evening Nwos.
Caution.-This community and all the
cities of the Union have been long abused
by the begging vagabonds who infest this
country. The hot bed whence they spring
is Genoa. Hale, hearty and able men
gain a livelihood by begging-exhibiting'
certificates of lossess and misfortunes by
"field and flood," &c.,-ex-ci:iug the sym
pathy of the unwary; and hence make for
tunes in the course of a few years; wihidi.
they take home, and live at dasetwae
expense of their dupes. teen es
alluded to are not unfr ne,
obtaiied. from those, is
have opportunities of procuring i srg
nature of the Governor, and seal of the
State, and also of Mayors, by collusion,
stratagem or misrepresentation-and m ike
a lucrative tratfic of papers thus criminal
Let, therefore, the citizecs of Charles
ton, and all others of the Union set their
faces, and shut their purses against these
p~iteous mendicants, schooled from their
infancy to the business, like the blind
bggars and pickpockets of London'.
F'urther, there is a regular and well es
rablished chain of this business in the
United Stattes, and New-York is the focus,
whterc resides the head and receiver gene
-ali of all sums collected; with the distribo
iotn of which, and its mnysterious mnanage
nent we are unacquainted.
It is believed that there are several of
.honm at present prowling about Charles
Milurder.-We understand that a shock
ug murder was committed ntear the Gold
Hines. in this district, on Sunday night.
Ldth inst. It appears that two men, named
-Morgan and Andrew Jackson, had been
luarrelling and fighting during the day,
utd that at night, after Jackson and his
'amily had gone to bed, Morgsn went to
lie residetnce of Jackson. and shot him
bvile he was in htia bed. The ball entered
is back and ranged up to his neck, causing
is death inmediatoly. The wife and
~hsld of Jackson were tn had with him at
he time lie was shot. Morgan has been
arrested, and confined in the jail at Ches
erfield C. H.-Ch/eraw Ga:ette, October
Deaths of Mrs. Hall.-We regret to an
iounce the death of Mrs. Dlaniel Hall,
2ne of the oldest inhabitants of this city,
and whose conduct during the revolution
try war was distinguished by that patriot
im for which the ladies of America were
remarkiable itn that time of trial. She
lied ar her residence and birth place in
Uourt House Square, at 1 o'clock yester
lay, having but a few days since comple
ed the 88th year of her age. We shall2
ake an early opportunity of referring to
ome oh the eventfui incidents in the long 'j
and honorable life of thi'matron-of our'
ei ty.-Eve. Newor
Northern Slavery-The Northerd' pa
pers are filled of late with details of the
tufferings of the wtorking clasbes, partictu
larly women, in-consequenceeof the paltry
pittances paid- theth for their free rab~or. It
might be wveil for the noisy frietnds of'the i
blacks iolet their charity begin at honme,
atnd devise sonie means for the- relief of'
the suffering slaves-of their own eolor, in- I
stead of wasting their sympathy on our
laborers,'whose catrnfort it is the interest of
their owners to care for, and who enjoy
mnore real f'reedomthan the pining slaves
of the 'needle anid loom in- the' Northern
The crop of indian Corn in' the W~est,
for 1846, will be more than 500.000,000
of bushels. The crop of Wheat will ax
ceed 400,000,000 of b'usl-els, which would
produce equal to 28,000,900 barrels of
Correspondence of Ca&rleston Evening .e&as a
KEY WEST, October 15, 1846.j
'REMENDOUS (HALE AND Loss Ole Ei: t"
As an opportuni:y, may. happen, l seit :
the only time I can space to .give: youthse
following information ,rojative.to the des
ola;e condition of our town, caused byone
of the most tremendous gales as ever has.
been experienced on this coast for i j~st
It commenced on the night of.the 'Oth
inst., at about 11 P. M., and lasted untit
Monday morning, the 12th inst. -The
whole town has been overflowed;' and 1
am sorry to say, that we have lost soite.
fifty or more inhabitants, who were lkilled
or drowned by the falls of roofs, &c.
The wind blew from the N. E.. to E.
then to N. E. around to S. W., rippin off
shingles, roofs, and blowing down houses,
in all about 100. 1 hardly know haw to
commence-Key West Light House and
House, Sandy Key Light house and
House, together. have been washed away
Nearly every house has more or less
been injured by the Gale-fences blown
down, Custom House Fort, &c. in ruins.
Loss estimated at $30b,000. The town is
in ruins-many bodies have already.been
found and buried by relatives antl the au
thorities. The tide run full -six feet, the
entire town overflowed, many were coni
pelled to swim to save themselves.- The
scene was truly awful. -"
I came near being lost with my youngest
child, but thanks to the Alnighty, mysblf
and family are all safe. Had I not been a
swimmer Imust have drowned while en
deavoring to ford the streets.
The government will lose by theloss'of
the brig Perry, Revenue Cutter Morris,
two Light Houses, Fortifications, Custom
House and Hospital. not far from $300,000
Many vessels will doubtless get ashore,
from the fact of Sandy Key Light House
Dead bodies were occasionally being
dug out from under the ruins, and no one
can tell how nmany there are missing. As
far as has been ascertained, fifty persons
have lost their lives, and it iss'mgular that
so few are dead Or injured, whet ire re
member that the air was full of boards,
timber, slate, &c., and buildings fallitrg In
every direction. Stone itself could not
withstand the galt, and every thing seem
ed to be going to destruction. Many per
sons eseaped in boats, and held on to trees,
expecting every moment to be wisbed
away. The scene was awful beyo'nid all
power of description. : ,
The foregoing statement is -alftihat I
have been able to- collect, as my Atnd is
so worried and beitrg also much fatigued.
You will please correct mistakes.
Your3 in' hiasto, J. A. -T.
Arrival of Con. Sloat.-This gallant'
Commander arrived in New Orleios from
the Pacific on the 22d inst. He states to
thl editors of the Picayune that:6o the
7th July after havin heard of ttles,
of the 8th and 9th 'he "t ree
pensibility ad t oth- [ates
wss$o iated- on
the 9sih co--.
Liw or inks,
will prohiily succumb to our arms if the
war contiues. Mazatioh is niow an A
merican and English port rather.thau a
Mexican one.-E't. News.
,rrivi of Com'mandorc Sloal. Comman
der-in-Chief of the U. S. Squadron
tn' the Pacific.
Commodore Slont, accompnanied by his
son, Mr. Slott,' dn officer in thei U. S-Navy,
arrived in thiscety festerd ay, on the tow
boat Jene~rso'n. frn the S. WV. Pass, having
been brought thither from Key WVest in the
irig Eliza their way' to Washington. Com
nodore S. has kindly favored us with the
Collowing information :'
"The flag of the United S'tates was hoi
nted at Monterey, upper California. on the
bth ofJnuly, 1846. On the 9;h, it was dis-|
liayed at San Francisco, Saunoma and 13o-I
lega, and a few da'ys at'ter at Suiters Fort i
>n the Sacrimento; On the 12th, a flag
was furnished at the request of, and wvas I
toisted by the foreignors, (principally
American and Engltsh,) at the Pueblo ofi
San Jose. On the 16th, the reission of I
s'.. John, about forty miles from Monterey, I
vas-garrisoned and fortified. O'-he '261b,
he corvette Cync sailed with a battalion
>frilenten, to take possession of S't.
[)iego, and cut off' the retreat of.Gen.
Jastro (thme Commanding General ofUpper I
Jalifornia) into Lower California or Mier
"Whn Commodore Sloat left in Mafn
erey. all Upper California, Nort h of Sant a
Jarbara, was in the full and very much to<
he satisfaction of all the inhabitants, wvao o
mave been long desirous of seeing their 1
ountry under some sta ble government."
The Commodore left Monterey otn the c
19th July having delivered over the corn
nand of the squadron to Commodore
stockton, who has hoisted his flag on hoard f
he Congress. Ho reached Paname on I
he 23d August, whence he proceeded toi
3hagres;- and, embarking on the' Royal r
blail Steamer Forth, arrived in Janmaica r
mn the last inst. After a few days, he re- u
mbarked on the Br. steamer Tay, for i
-havana. Here he found the U. S. brig 3
'erry, ih he immediately took for the
murpose of conveying him and suite to
qorfolk, Vs.,-or the nearest port, by wbich f
to could speedily reach Washingtn i
The Perryanfortunatly encountered the a
~ale whichm has committed such havoo on
ife and property in and about Key WVest, i
bout forty wiles north-of that place; and I
uch was the dreadful state of the weather
-wind and sea being such as no seaman 5
n board had ever witnessed, in regaruf tb t
ntensity-that all means were -found r
mnavailing to avoid' going on a lee shore. c
['he brig struck-on the' Babonda Keys. k
teing thrown on1 her beam ends; but, - by
:utting away her masts, she righted, and
gettidg~ over the seawardmost reef, she was s
romparatively easy. No lives- were lost,
Ithbough at~one time all thought they were
nevit ably (loomed.
Coinmodre Sloat got to Key WVest the
text day, and took up the brig Eliza Chap
nan, to convey him and suite to tha Balize,
o,- the purpose of coming to this city with
he view of hastening on his way to Wash-j
Meican papers, seven days later,- have
seen reeived at NewOrn.. b...the,.Pie
yuno. They show the -tone of feeling
revailiug among the, Mexican people as
bcf bitter animosity. This is mani
eitad however more io-wordsthan adtion.
Th3 supreme tribunal of war has been
rganized intho capital,- and -the notorious
zeu. Alvarez appointed President thereof.
A decree was issued by Gen. Salas on
be ]Oth.Sept.. authorizing the issue of
iatur~aliztion to all foreigners who desire
o become citizens, having useful profes
ions or trades, or who are willing to join
The citizens of any nation at war with
he Republic are excluded from the beno
its of this decree. Apart from the ulteri
)r operations of this decree, it strikes us as
having an immediate design, to enable
roreigners to serve as Mexicans in Mexi
Gomez Farias, the Secretary of the
Treasury, addressed a circuiar on the 9th
afSeptember to the Governor of the States,
:alling upon them to make up the arrears
af the national revenues, which had been
ut short by the blockade of ports. &c.
The Government is eneroetically en
deavoring to organize a national guard.
A meeting of the citizens of Vera Cruz
was hold on the 20th uIt., in obedience to
a call upon them, to perfect an organiza
lion. The papers speak of the project
as the grand scheme of their regeneration.
Late and Important from Mexico and
Pacic.-Tbe barque Elizabeth arrived
here this evening from Havanna, whence
she sailed on the 10th. The British mail
steamer of the 1st from Vera Cruz arri
ved at Havanna on the 6th.
Santa Anita at the head of 4000 men,
left the city of Mexico on the 28th ult. for
the seat of war.
A decree has been promulgated at Mex
ico city, reducing the duties on all impor
tation 50 per cent, and suspending laws
whici prohibited the importation of certain
descriptions of merchandize.
Paredes, Ex-President of Mexico, was
at H-avaina, on his way to England.
California.-The probable acquisition
of the territory by the United States, if
we nay judge from the dlemonstrations in
he London Journals, at all agreeable to
the British people. The Times speaks in
its urnal surly style, of the coming transfer
'f California, as materially affecting the
iterts1 of British capitalists. California,
it declares, is the only security which they
rave for moneys lent to Mexico, and it is
ot willing that "the rights of mortgagees
or which we exchangad our advances,
hould be demolished by the unscrupulous
ess of the invadors or the imbecility of the
A New Mode of Attack.-Mr. J. Wise
he celebrated Eronaut has tendered his
ervices to the government throngh the
:olumns of the Lancaster American Re
publican. *.Mr.. Wise. pr oposes to take the
asile of San Juan de Ulloa by, means of
what he calls a "war balloon."
. i:i pla'n, h;e describes as follows : A
>allo'on of co'mmon t'willed muslin. of 100
bet in diameter, well coated with varnish,
and capable when inflam'ed of raising 20,
Mia pudegrli ditr ed bbinl.
ihells and torpedoes, leaving 2.000 pounds
or ballast and men.. The belloon may
)o inflated on shore or on board a man-of
ear, having a cable of five miles itr length
ttacl-ed to it, to govern its manouvres.
Leaving- the shore or vessel, nut of reach of
he guns of the Castle, it i-i to. hover at
he height of a mile above the Castle, and
iterally rain down destruction upon its in
nates. This offer completely throvis
japt, Brobdigntag's plan of cutting op an
aroy in detail, ito the shade.
The Hamburg Journal of the 29h nl~t.
ays "Onme thousand two hundred. and
wenty three bales of cotton wero received
n this place oin Trhursday last, 22d instant,
if wvhich it wvas estimated 1000 were sold
n urrival. and the balanced in store on
>lanters' accounts. This we believe is the
argest day's receipt ever known in the
lace ; and we mention it as one evidence
i the increasing' trade and business im
uortamnce of our town.
We are gratified also, to state that this
of the growing im'portande of our town.
i is fast becominsg and ibnportant m'arket
mr the sale of flour-large quJamities of
bmich are being brou);ht here for shipment
o Charlestoti and other ports, and the
reatest activity prevails in the business of
he place generally. We predict that the
resent season in this place will be one of
inexam'pfed prosperity, both to the plan.
er and merchant."
Cheering News.-The following extract
f a letter from a highly respectable gen
leman, residing at Mecklenburg, near
(noxville, East Tenniessee, received in
his city, will be, perused with pleasure by
ur readlers.-Eve. News
"MEcNLEN BUao. (E. T.) Oct. 19, '46.
If you- write via Augusta I will hear
-om you in four days. Busines is fast
taving other channels ahd coccentrating
self on Charleston. The early visions of
'iy youth are being realized. East Ten
essee is essentially an Atlantic courtry
nd, as I have said for twenty years, our
'nports and exporls must pass, through
our city-they will soon do so."
We are pleased to learn that Gov. Craw
rd has, ptursuant to the authority vested
him by the last Legislature, employed
n Artist to paint full length likelinesses of
ie late Gun. Andrew Jackson and Hion.
Vm. II. Crawfordy to. be placed in our
,egislative H alls.
The Artist engaged is Mr. William Wil
an, whose porti-aits taken here last win
er, ;;ave so much satisfaction to our com
inity, and proved him in every way
ompetent to the'honorable task assigned
The South Carolinian of the 29th tilt.
sys: Li. C. R. Bryce. our worthy towns
ian, has been appointed by Col. Butler,
kdjatant of the Palmetto Regiment.
H KE Commissioners of the Upper Blatta
lIon of the 9th Regiment S. C. M., wilt
etition the next Legislature to discontinue the
Cey Road, axa Public Road.
By order of the Boaid,
A. TUCKER, Clark pro 1cm.
sannmher 2 3m 3 9
From the'South Catolina'an
We present to day, a :omnpletereturnoof
members elect to the Legislature-ofLSouth
Carolina, for 1816. .tThose marked-thus- -
are Senhtors elected.in 1844.
Senator. Thomas C. Perrin.
Representatives. Smith, Thompson,
Martin, Pressly, Gary.
Senator. Joshua J. Ward.
Representative. John A. Alston.
Senator. A. Pattreon.
Representatives. James J. Wilson, J.
M. Allen, Jos. J. Harley, H. B. Rice.
Senator. J. H. Rhett.'
Representative. Warren DuPre.
Senator. N. R. Eaves.*
Representatives. F. W. Davie, Thos.
McLure, J. B. McCully.
Senator. W. T. Hanna.
Representatives. T. W. Blakeney, J.
Senator. F. H. Moses.
Reprecentatives. C. R. Chandler, J.
B. Witberspoon. F. H. Kennedy,
Senator, J. L. Manning.
Representatives. G. W. Cooper, Mo
Senator. Gen. W. Dargan.'
Representatives. Isaac D. Wilsou, J.
Senator. N. L. Griffin.
Representatives. 0. Towles, Benj. C.
Yancey, A. Simkins, D. Holland, John B.
Holmes, J. S. Pope.
Senatoi. J. Buchanan.*
Representatives. Samuel. H. Owens.
E. G. Palmer, J. R. Aiken, W. W.
Senator. B. F. Perry.'
Representatives. T. E. Ware, G. F
Townes, P. E. Duncan, E. P. Jones.
Senator. J. B. Skipper.'..
Representative. Charles Murrell.
Senator. W. J. Taylor.'
Representatives. A. Hamilton Boykin,
James Cantey, Jr.
Senator. Wm. Irby.
Representatives. C. P. Sullivan, F.
Moseley, C. Williams, P. L. Calhoun.
Senator. Lemuel Boozier.'
Representatives. John C. Geiger, J.
Senator. T. W. H uey.*
Represent atices. D, Barnes, Thos. J.
Wright, L. Secrest, John W. Johnson.
Senator. V T Ellerhe.
Representatives. % W I-ariagton, B
. . aANION.
-&a/on I K Henneaa.*
Representatives. Wm Evins,C Ciaw
ford, W W Harllee.
Senator. John P Neel.*..
Representatives. B Waldo, M. Hall, H
Sudimers. . .
Senator. 3 M Felder.'
Representatives. David F Jamei'son, L.
Senator. A. Evans.
Representatives. D S T aylor, James L.
g rr, J T Broyles, WV Sloan,.E H Gritin,
Alexander, Jr.,.J W Harrison.
Senato?.' William Williams.
Representalive.\ V F Colcockc..
PRINCE GEORGE WINYAW.
Senator. . R F W Alsion.
Representatives. J.J Middleton, J H~ar
leston Read, Jr., S T Alkioson..
RICH LAND DISTRICT.
Senator. Joseph A Black.- . .4
Representatives. A R. Tayloc, A P.
Vinson, WVm F~ D~eSaussure, Jas D Trade
Senator. Gabril Cannon.
Representatives. J E Henry, fl B Fos
Ler, J P Miller, S Otterson, E P Smith.
ST. ANDRE WS.
Senator. John Rivers.'
Representative. W J Boll.
Senator- David Walker.
Representatives'. M1 E Carn, T Pye,-J
ST. JA-MES SANTEE.
Senator John Blake.*
Represeutative. 3 H Lucas.
ST. JAMES GOOSE CREEK.
Senator. William Mellard.'
Representative. James S Shingler.
ST. JOHN'S COLLETON.
Senator. P C Grimball.
Representatives. W J Whatley, E M
ST. JOHN'S BERKLE Y.
Senator. P P Palmer.
Ricpresentatives. J Harleston, T P Por
ST. GEO'RGE'S PARISil.
Senator. Dr~ M T Appleby.
Repi-esentat ive. R S Bedn.
ST. HELEN'S PARISHl.
Senator. R. De Treville.
Representative. B J.J-lahpson.
ST. M ATH EWS.
S'enit. T J Good wyn.
RKepresentative. 3 M Diabtzler.
Senator'. B Perry. -
Representative. John Boyle.
ST. PFE E RS.
Senator. Josiah D Johr.s'on.*'
Rpesentatives.. A MI Martin, WV W
ST. JOH N'S' A NDSt. MICIIA E LS.
Senaror. John S. Ashe.
Represint atives.- W D Porter; 3 Phil.
s,3 Simons, P D Torre, J RI Walkter,
,~ G Memminger, W~ A':Pringle, G C
seddes, J E CarewF D Richardson, A
I Dunkia,.H Horlbeck, B .F.Hunt,;D E
luger, Jr., C B Northrop, T O.Elliott, N~
~ST.'STE PH EN'S PA RISE.,
Senalor., T'L Gourdi.
Repneentath'es- W M.ayi P%,%b'
:r 8ieneior.. J D-Witherspon.. -,
Repesetatives... R. G McCaw, G .
Williams, W.Giles. R A Springs.,
Senator. W H 'Gisi.
Representatives. J F Gist, W Fenan
des, D Wallace. J Gibbs.'
WEDNfESDAY, NoVESBER 4.'18. -
RAIL ROAD MEETING.
The citizens of Edgefield and'ihe . d 'oinr
Districts, are requested to, meetc in.the Cott
House at this place at 11 o'clock. onjafia +, ..
next, to take into consideration, thl.buii '
of a Rail Road-from Edgefield Court House to
Aiken. We hope the whole ofEi! ' :ill
conider itself particularly inter t oithisen-.."
terptise, and that it will he fully represetaed4tir
the proposed meeting. It is very desirablo Pats
every man who is willing to take stock isad -
Road should be present, as the whole mastis+'
will be.publicly discussed and such.steps taken
towards commencing this.wotk as may:on .tint
occasion be deemed advisable.
MT At a meeting of the citizens of Green
wood, and the surrounding neighborhodd; held
on the 23rd instant, recommended u'nanimone
ly, that a Public Meeting of the friends.,oftthe
contemplated Rail Road connexion, between
Cbay'leston and Greenville, South. Carolina
should assemble at Greenwood,, on Saturdam,
the 14th of November next, for a full fte and
mutual interchange of'opinion in rfdietfee
thereto. The citizens of Abbeville. and the
adjoining Districts are respectfully invited to
We are requested to state, that thle fecanies
Washingtonian Society will meet on Mold
evening next: a general attendance of its mem.
bers is requested as business of imduiruda '
Will require their attention, and several ad
dresses may be expected.
RAIL ROAD MEETING AT EDGEFIEED'
COURT HOUSE:- 't'.
We call attention to the proceedings of the
Rail Road meeting -which' assembled 'tt"thih"
place on Monday last. We were present afd.
heard the openin'g remarks of -the Chairmain
Whitfield Brooks, Esq. the addresses of Col.
F. W. Pickens and Preston S. Brooks, Esq.
The apeakert wok very sound.practiil-vieiws
about the propriety and great ~utility of con
structing a Rail Road from this plane to Aiken
or Hamburg. They ,deinonstrated, that the,
Road would not only prove highly .advanta
geous to this place .and the surrounding conn.
try, but to the State at large. The .next;meetai
ing of citizens of this District will assamble at:.
this place on.the first Monday in December..
In the mean time, public attention to this-sub-'
ject, shoulds be kept ali'v.a. I shoidl adot '$t" '
suffered to, slumber,.bgt should e.yer.be ?wi'
kened, and, the' projept of a Rail Road'skbnid
be talked about aid agiiate'l on ill proper of
casions. Gentlemen whose urinds are stored.
w ith useful facts and information on this sub.
ject. should freely contnuicate them,either.
orally, or by wi itten essays in the papers of the.
District. Everything which might enlightens
.the citizeps of thi place and the planters who
are tmainly intcrestecf in~the Ruoad, shouid be
spead befo'rethmem. When the. subct has
been iully discu'ssed, and all have been w~ell
.in''ormed, then let a S'ubscriion paper, be
offered. T'hen will be the~monment for decisive
action.. Iet all then nct as one man. Les..
there be "a long pull-a. strong panh, and..
pull altogether," apd success will most assur
edly crown the. project. .
Trial and conviction of a Steve for aMurI
-A negro man natned Jacob, theproperty of:
Mlajor Johin B. Holmes, or this Distint. was'
tried a fe w days-since, for the murder of'a slave'
belonging to Mr Guy Brqawar'. Ire was'
fousd guilty ,upon his"owv'n' oo-nfession. 'As
there'were so~ne mitigatiiig ci'rcu'mstnces in
the case, whioh wieni lfatto extenuate the of.
ence, thte court which tY'ied'pim and a ntambr'
of the most resp acta ble citizens have signed-a
petition, asking for his pardon.' The time foi -
his execntion we understand, will be- the first
of January next. - - - -
Th e/cr.-.Aiter a succession of trvarm
days fur the season,- on Friday evening'thiie
was a m~oder ate fall of rain, whichmontiaied.
at intervals throughout the day on' Saturday.
On Monday morning, before day, it .rained
heavily for some houts...
In another'eolumn ;will -Bd foniidd ast e.
the caption of which is " Our State, its eprs
aed condition-the remedy." .It is the first ofa..
series of articles, whicha will be publishie:reg.
ularly in the South Carolinian. These essays
appeared originally in the' Charletoi~J e'w,
about twelve months since, and wvere wriiteu
by one of the editors of the South Caroliuiiiri,
over the signature 'of -"Colbet.'W TueniS'r"
thimjks proper now to' republish them in liius
own paper, in order to give them a more exten
sive circulation. We will insett in odr column
such of the'se essays as may prdVe of imnterest t
our readers. They-contain u6ay'souuimd pa '
enlightened vie ws; which are forcibfy elihki
el. Weibespeakc for them a careful ~i~lier~d
the 'part of our readers.' .TllMin~jet dr~u'i
they turt,tis of- tfe utmnot'nmjiortnd T5t
prosl(brity and future aavineendef Sus
Carlin. Tat our State isr~oparativeiy i
a: depreused-> and languishinig febordiuiori, we
think cannot'be denied. Titrytdii
ment to some-extent isalifvigig.l
sections oftha st'te idiiki'i0
in their systemn af ariclti ; oflid
were considei'ig u* riegxiadstd arae
dergoaigs piodli fa 'nvtin'bl'~j1idi .,n
miantiring', aid fy iiisa #faiuipte
mUore generallylunderstood. Thle lhai s'hgi
the1 rearing of stock ofvarons'kind.1'y:6ib ."
thekens'mn'sh iahe Yaa h~i:A3Ji~r