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We Eoill cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our LjbertisqZ 4n naf fail, we will Perish amidst the Ruin."
VOLUME XL. 401~t 14
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Prom the Charleston Evening News.
THE STAPLES OF. CAROLINA, TIlE
EXCHANGES, MONEY. &c.
The year 1847 will be remarkable in
the commercial annals of Sonth Carolina.
A higher than an average crop of Cotton,
at more than average prices, a large crop of
Rice. at high prices, and an abundant
Grain harvest, assure the material of gen
eral prosperity. The aggregate value of
our Uplanu Cotton and Rice crops will
exceed by nearly 33 per cent., at least,
that of ordinary years.
Au average annual product of
Upland Cottorn in S. Caro
lina yields a v..lue of $6,000,000
An average crop of Rice in S.
Carolina produce. 1,500.000
The Upland crop of the pres
ent commercial year for S.
Carolina-alone, is estimated
at $275,000 bales, and the
aggregate value at $30 per
bale will be 8,250,000
The Rice crop of the present
year for South Carolina ex
clusively, we estimate at
100,000 bble., which at $3
per-c wt. will produce 1.800.000
Upland and Rice crop of the
present year. $10.050,000
* Uplan,1nd ic ero- f c ! a 4
mer years, average, 7,500.000
'Bing an access of nearly 33 per cent.
over previous years. The above estimates
are only approximations, and confined to
South Carolina, as the income from her
crops is spent mostly within her own lim
It becomes a very natural inquiry, what
effect will this large excess have on the
exchanges and the vale of money ? By
the laws of trade the exchanges metst be
come la'gely in favor of the Sou.n, and
in the purchase of Foreign Exchange in
the Southern cities, the probable point of
depression will form an anxious subject
of investigation. A fall in Sterling Ex
change to that point which will yield a
commercial profit, will bring here British
gold for investment in bills and in payment
of a commercial balance. We think it
highly probable that such point of depres.
sion will be reached, and the exchanee4,
turning in favor of the South, the e(tec- I
tion from the value of money will be
highly beneficial to the Southern cities,
and particularly to Charleston as the
commercial centre of the Sonth. The
pecuniary pressure, if the Mexican war
should continue, will be thrown on, those
Northern cities where the revenue from
imports is prinlcip~ally payabile, which will
be taken from them in the form of specie,
for payment in the West of the expenses
of the war.
AGRICULTURE AS AN OCCUPATION.
A correspoudent of therAlbatny Cultiva
tor thus discources upon the. choice of a
A sentiment has prevailed, and I fear
yet prevails to an alarming extent, that
the practical farmer occupies a place in
society a grade lower than the professional
man, the merchantt, or than many other
laborers.--Man~y of our youth have imbibed
this sentiment, and have been encou raged
*in it-by the fond but injudicions parent.
Thus, not a fewv who might otherw-e
have been useful members ofsociety, have
been thrown upon the wvorld, mere pests
to the community. I have certainly no
K.atipathis to the learned professions, the
mercantile business, or mechamical em
Sployments. Thiese are all necessary and
important, but I insist that agriculture is
neitherless. important, or less honorable,
or less useful
The difficulty is not so much in the
several kinds of business, as in the fact
'that an undue proportion of our fellow
citizens are engaged in the former. to the
neglect of the latter; and more than all,
that the sentiment which I have sugges
ted, prevents multitudes from engaging in
*From my own observation1 in a life of
more than 45 years, looking ;back and
following the history of my early associates
and from a somewhat excluded acquiain
tance with the wvorld, I am .fully of the
opinion thatthat sentiment is onie of the
most fruitful of idleness and crime. of-eny
ibat can be named. And yet,.multituides
of young me~n and guardians act, e: seem
/,t at nnder its influences.
1 knew a man in my early boyhood,
who kad a profession, but very little else,
(expect a numerous family) who was often
heaid to say, that his sons should never be
farmers let what would come. Those
sons are now vagabonds, except one, who
has already come to an untimely end.
His daughters married gentlemen, and
are both living in abject poverty. This is
only one among the multitude of cases
which might be mentioned.-Still men
will pursue the same path.
I know a farmer with two sons-smart,
active lads, enjoying good land, who, uoi
long since, rented his farm, that he and his
boys might live easier. I was inclined to
say to that father, take care. sir, that you
trqin not those fine young fellows to idle
ness, dissipation and vice.
God made man an agriculturist, and
while in a state of innocence, his first bu
siness was to till the ground. And in
every age of the world, some of the great
est and the best of men have been farmers.
Job and Abraham were farmers; Wash.
ington was a farmer-as also a multitude
of worthy names and noble spirits, who,
like them, have blessed t.;e world with
examples of greatness and honorable
deeds. And I rejoice to know that many
in our own time. of highly .cultivated in
tellect, and enlarged views, and worldly
competence, are proud to be ranked among
Far better had it been for the world
had the number been ten-fold greater.
Far better were it for the present genera
tion, if, in the choice of an employment,
parents and their sons would view the
subject as these have done; and let those
sons be directed in their choice to the
same wise results. Thus, much of the
idleness and crime which are exerting
such a fearful influence upon us, would
never have existed. Manysof the tempta
ions to vice would have been avoided.
I know a father engaged in a profession.
who has an only son, for whose interest
he has ever fell the deepest solicitude.
When that son was 16, like many lads of
his age, he manifested a strong desire to
engage as a clerk in a store. The father
felt that agriculture was an equally hono
rable btsines-rmuch safer and more free
frotm temptation; yet lie did not wish ab
solutely to compel him to a course adverse
to his own choice. He therefore engaged
a place for him with a merchant of his
acquaintance, to be occupied in a few,
months, on condition that the son should
till persisghis.det s inties :,H ttt~
tnok the son alone, and informed him that
e' 'hid procured such a place; at the same
time pointing out, in a kind manner the
advantages and disadvantages of the rimer
cantile business. and of agriculture. He
told him that he was now of an age that
he must choose for himself. That which
ever way he should now decide, he would
be aided as much as practicale-that
he might reflect upon the subject one
week; and then let his decision be known.
At the close of the week he decided "to
he a farmer," to the joy of his father.
From that day onward, he has pursued
steadily his course-is now pleasantly
situated on a comfortable farm, and is
proud, at home and abroad, to be known
as a farmer.
Would it not he wile fur many a father
and sont to imitate this example ?
The New Planet.-We recently noticed
the suggestion made in regard tothe name
of the new planet. We ventured to say
that the name of the discoverer should be
given to the new world. A letter in the
tCharlest'n Courier, from Paris, says that
the subject has been brought ttp before
the French Academy of Sciences, and the
question propounded :"What name shall
the new ph~lnet have ?" "That of him
whlo produced it," exclaimed Arago-';he
name of Leverrier ! France will accept
no nther !" and he might have said. "The
world will accept no other."-Bal. Pat.
A imall Calculation.-Su ppose a man
drinks four glasses of liquor a day at five
cents a glass-in a wveek he spetnds one
dollar and forty cents, and itt a year se
venty-two dollars and eighty cents. This
will bny the following articles:
Four barrel, of flour, say $24 00
Four pairs or boots, say 15 00
Forty pounds of butter, 10 00
A hundred pounds of beef, A8 00
A new hal, 4 00
A new satin vest, 5 00
A bonnet for wife. 5 00
Sugar plums and cake for children,-1 80
Singular Wil.-Uudley Pickman, who
died about a month ago, was one of the
wealthiest and momst distinguished mer
chants of Salem, Mass. The-value of his
estate is estimattedl at $1.200,000, which
was distrib'nted by his will as follows:
The sum of $100,000 was given in trust
to each of his six children, whbich he hoped
would keep them out of the poor house ;
to each of his servants the sum of 815 ;
to the Church of which he was a mem
ber, the Pew which he had occupied for
half a century, and the balance of his
property, only about 86001,000 he gave
into the immediate possession of his chil
dren. It is a singular fact that the grand
father of the merchant was one of the
wealthiest men of Salem, while his father
was one of the very poorest, and lived the
life of a decayed genitleman. Nothing
therefore, would seem the best capital for
a young man to begin life with.-N. Y.
from the N. O. Commercial TimeE.
WHITE INDIANS--ANCIENT MEX.
Among a large number of volumes
which have recently appeared on the
subject of Oregon, California and the
neighboring regions-called forth, in a
great measure, by the interest attached to
the recent controversy with Great Britain
and the present war with Mexico-we
have ri 'ved much information from an
nonymous publication entitled 'Scenes
in the Rocky Mountains, Oregon,Catifor
nia, New Mexico, Texas and Grand Prai
ries; or notes by the way during an excur
sion of three years: with a description of i
the countries passed through." The work
professes to furnish the results of personal
observation, and in most respects, is a
very full and clear transcript of scenes I
and events in the countries of which little i
is positively known, and that little vague
and inconclusive, The facts contained
in the book are valuable and interesting,
the style ambitious, bombastic, und ex
tremely faulty. Fortunately. in the pres- I
cet instance, the garb in whidh the author t
has chosen to convey his impressions is of
minor consequence. The public have
only to deal with the material, and this,
as wye observed, will abundantly repay
earnest attention and analysis.
While adjourning in California, the C
author had occasion to become familiar I
with a race of savages, of which the few
loose and imperfect accounts hitherto fur
nished have inspired a genetal desire for c
more ample information. We allude to <
the "'White indians," or "Munchies." as
they are called. A synopsis of the details
given by the writer may be interesting to
The Munchies are a nation of white i
ahorigines, actually existing ia a valley
among the Sierra de los Mulimbros chain. C
one of the afiluents of the river Gila, in
the extreme North western part of the d
provice of Sonora. They number nh'ut
eight hundred in all. Their features are
If the Caucnsian type, with a fair com- C
plexion and graceful formt. They are
patriarchal in their -habits. peaceful in a
their character, and possessed of many f
of the arts and comforts of civilized life. $
They spin and weave, subsist by agricul.
Lure, raise cattle, horses and sheep. The'
laws are few and aim
coeretve. u ma
as honest and virtuous. at religion they t
are said to differ but little from other In. i
dians. The country inhabited by this c
singular and anomalous people is difficult t
of access,and enclosed ly lofty mountains.
Hence. perhaps, the sparseness andi obseu.
rity of all previous accounts of them.
Their dwellings are spacious apartments, a
nicely excavated in the hill side. and are
frequently cut in the solid rock, shey know
little or nothing of war, and when per
chance, an enemy crosses the rocky bar
rier which surrounds them, they retreat
with all their valuables to caverns in the t
mountains, and their remain till the dan
ger be past.
Of their origin, we are told, they have I
los: all knowledge, and even the dim light
of tradition has failed to cast a ray upon
the darkness which enshrouds the history.
The few writers who have spoken of this
tribe, are disposed to conclude that the
Munchies are the progeny of Europeans,
and must have settled in Mexico since the I
time of thte discovery of America. Such I
an inference, though warranted by their
by color, their gentleness of character,
pacific, habits, and comparative advance
in the civilization, is nedrly irrecotncilea
ble with their utter ignorance of their own
origin. It is highly improbable that a colo
ny of European stock would, in the space
of three centuries, have lost all tecollecton
of the original country of their ancestors.
Their language might aid in removing
the doubt and difficulties whtich environ
the subject, but neither the author of the
work in question, nor the scat tered notices
which we have oncontered elsewhere,
afford any satisfactory informationi ont this
head. -That they do not spritng froma the
source wvhich hams given birth to the other
tribes of Indiane, is sufficiently manifest.
Thie Munchies diff'er from the latter in
every respect. But this even admitted,
tho Ethnographist does not advance a
single ste p, but is left in the bountdless field
ofospeculation atnd conjecture, without
chart or compass.
To the above given curious sketch of
the Munchies, the work we have cited
adds another deeply interesting account
of various circumstances related to him,
by trappers anid travellers, which go to
prove that the unfrequented part of the
eastern boudary or Sonora, there is a
pop~ulus town, of which neither historians
nor geographers htave rmade mention.
Stevetns, in hi. incidents of Travel in
Yucatan, admits the possibility of thie
existence of cities in the unexplored parts
of Mexico, similar to those of which he
discovered the remaias in Uxmal. and
Palenque, and inhabited probably by the
same race of people. From the ntarrations
of the travellers referred to, such a com
mutnity, comparatively civilized ana pop
ulous, dhoes exist. It was first seen at a
distance by some handy,hardy ad venturers
who had reached a mounitain peak, over
lookinig an extensive valley, but were
unable to find a passage down its precipi
tous sides. Subsequently, an exploring
party was formed of t wenty, or five and
t wenty persons, who succeeded in reaching
tho suammit of the mountain in question
andt ;6'beheld a city with all the ar
chitect beauty of dimes, pillared edi
fices, ppl es, etc.; in the ignguage of the
narrato4 city with its domes and pala
ces; sam hich' a swarming population
was distltiy observed, apparently enga
god ioX40 prosecutiom of-their various
avocatio". After incredible labor, a
descent !most perpendicular steepness
was lib' liardly practicable except to the
Most ip, id mountaineer. Half the
number ihe exploding party succeeded
in their. prilous attempt to reach the bot
tom and enter the valley. Their compan
ions'wh mained in observation on the
mount )p, .traced them to the City,
into whiiftn hey saw them boldly venture,
and mibg -;with the inhabitants-but, as
s related toy wore never seen or heard of
igaThe teinder of the party. af'tet vainly
uaiting I' their te-appearand; during
hree wees; - were forced by hunger to
oturn ho -.Such a story. although at
irut gla a .emingly the idle coinage of
t heatdd in, does exist4 and is invested
titb the usual attributes of authenticity.
.The d :inhabiting this valley, are
treumed' be the descendants of the
ncient xicans.-How much of the
ruth alid fiction are blended in these
tatemestJ is impossible to divine; but
is eventZ re: rapidly progressing which
will colon' the adjacent country with the
tardy, per 'ering and penetrating spirits
f the Au 6Saaon race, the period is
erobably'n-very remote when the nys
erey which nvelopes the White indians
nd the inhabitants of the new discovered
ity, aboveteferred to, will be entirely
"AF'F li IN TiHE REAR '!
One of !'-Lateat loke.-There was
ua as wel 5ghating down in the neigh
orhond -of'the Rio Grande last summer,
ad a Yaok e in that section. albeit a tol
rably s wdu specimen of the genus, got
a fire in t rpar" which raked down and
emolishad'ieb best calculations ever made
ir a small" une, anta at the same time
ised a lau -which filled the adjoining
haparal forsamile in every dircetion.
Water w escarcdduring the heat or
urnner at JHazil luiind, and liquor not so
lentifurat'i eias the necessities of the
Ijournersir ired. It was at one of these
rifly n_ tha ur Yaakee, by some
ooo Ott id of a.l e
s and odd bits
uild a small shanty, was the work of but
short hour; to set his barrel upon a
nuple of skids in the hack part of the
int, to tap it, and tocommence retailing
he cider at a dime a glass, occupied buta
hort time r.ore.
Customers flocked in by dozens, the
ider we-nt off at a rapid rate, and the
(ankee was making his "eternal fortin"
t a stride that would have elated John
acob Astor in his early days. Some of
is patrons complained that a dime a glass
ur cider, which was not worth more than
wo dollars a barrel at the outside, was an
outrageous price ; bnt the times was hard,
he retailer's conscience easy-he had all
he cider in the market, and could not
itrd to sell any cheaper.
This state of things went on for an en
ire day, the Yankee's quarters being beset
ty throngs of patrons. On the following
notniug, and beftre the cider was yet half
old, they becau to thin off gradually, and
iy the middle of the afternoon it was only
tow and then a straggling stranger that
visited the shade and cider of the retailer.
What was the matter? What had caused
his sudden fallen off of custom? 'rho
reader will soton see.
Towvard, night a new face appeared iun
the shanty and called for a glass of cider.
Lt was drawn, swallowed, and the cus
aomer took out his purse and enquired the
'One dime,' said the Yankee.
'One whad?' retorted the custotmer.
'One dime,' coolly replIed the Yankee.
'One h-Il' snarled the customer; why,
I can get just as good cider here at five
centsu a glass.'
'N-o y-o-u c-a-n't,' drawled the Yan
kee, 'bere aint a pint of cider 'cept what
I've got in that are barril, this side of Or
leans, I'm darnetd if there is.'
'I know better,' ejaculated the custom
er, tartly, 'I bought a glass of cider, nol
two hours ago, and only paid five ceate
'I'd like to know where you eff'ected
that small transaction,' quarried the Yan
'Right round here,' was the answer.
'I guess it wvas 'right round here. Righi
round where, I'd like to know?' continued
the cider vender.
'Why, close by here, somewher--just
back of your place,' returned the customer.
''l bet you tu drinks you didn't,' spoke
up the Yatnkee, *and-we'll go right round
'Dotne,' said the customer, and off they
Sure enough. 'right round here,' thea
found another cider establishment in full
blast. A second Yankee had riggeda
small shade in the rear of the- first Yan.
hoe's shanty, had tapped the other end ol
the' latter''s barrel of cider through a board,
andvwas retailing it at five cents a glaut
to a perfect rush of customers.-N. 0
A Tale ofSorrow.-About six months
ago, a widow lady came to this city fror
the Staie of Maine ; she was the mothsl
of five children., four of whom she brough
with her when she came: Het chief pur
pose in coming here was to find employ
ment for her family, whereby they might
obtaid a comfortable living and enjoy the
comforts of home. About three months
after taking up her residence here her
yonngest daughter, about nineteen years
of age, was taken sick and died ; in the
following week a son yonnger than the
daughter also died ; then in another week
a young man who was a boarder in the
family died; in the same week another
boarder a young man was taken sick. went
home and died in the following week ;
then in the next succeeding week another
daughter died; and on Wednesday, the
last of the four who came here with the
mother died also. The one who died on
Wednesday, was married about two
months ago to a worthy and industrious
mechanic of this city. They all died of
typhus fevers These simple facts tell a
tale of sorrow and bereavement.-Lowell
We-id-hii the Baltimore Patriot the
fo'lowing letter from Gen. Worth relative
to the death of Captain Ridgely. It is a
feeling, characteristic epistle and worthy
both of the subject and the author:- 1
.MOrTERET, Mexico, Oct. 20, '46, t
My dear Stewart.--I feel that the obli- i
gation rests upon tue, "although the
hearer or bearers of evil tidings hath but a
losing offiee," to announce the affliction it I
has pleased an inscrutable Providcnce to t
visit upon our ancient friend, General t
Rtidgely. His galla.t son has passed fromn
the theatre of his fame and usefulness to
the grave, as universally mourncd as he
was belove - and admired. An aged fa
ther, mother, wife and child will, it is ho- c
ped, find some 'mitigation of their deep t
affliction in the mingled sympathies of the
country at large, especially the members
of that profession which his valor adorned.
When borne to his lonely grave no
"inky cloak" but th.e heavy heaving of
manly bosoms testified the depth and in
tensity of that grief which admonished of
the final separation from ia loved and ad
Not associated with myself other than
in relations of respect and social regret. it
will be the melancholy oftlce of his im
mediae commander to communicate the
sad circumstances of the untimely death of
Captain Ridgeley, so recently and fre.
ntly present at the harvest of death,
bl. member, to
ttng to !teak
ce o i . eavy withering blow I
Ridgeley's manhood must brace itself to
sustain those who will have to lean upon
and look up to him for example in resig
natioh-to the will of God.
WV. 1. WORTH.
To Major General G. H. Stenart. Balt'e.
Ma. CALHOUY AND THE PaEsIDENcY.
It appears to be the impression that Mr,
Calhoun, nominated or not nominated by
a "Baltimore Convention," will be a can
didate for the Presidency. The corres
pondent of the Charleston Evening News,
writing from Washington, urges the friends
of Mr. Calhoun to insist upon his occupy
ing this position, that is, to be a candidate,
nominat ed or 'not, and he asks, "in the
etentof the election coning to the House,
who stands a better chance than Mr. Cal
houn?" The Richmond Times comment
in- upon this, has prepared the following
table-showing (we use its o'vn language,)
first, the states which may be certainly
expected to vote in the House for the Whig
candidate ; secondly, those which will al
most as certainly vote for one or the other
of the Democratic candidates; and lastly,
those which are regarded as doubtful.
The Georgia delegation already elected,
being equally divided, the admission of.
Iowa and Winconsin will make the whole
number of States 29, of which 15 are a
majority, each State giving, nder the
cotnst itutioni. one vote.
Whig.-Vermont, Massachusetts.* R.
Island, Connecticut, New York.* New
Jersey," Pennsylvania.* Delaware,e Ma
ryland, Kentucky, Ohin,* Florida-12.
Demnocrat.-Virginia, S. Carolina4' Al
abama, Mississippi, Illinois,* Missouri,
Arkaansas,4 MichIgan,* Texas. Iowa.
Doubtful.-Maine. N. H ampshire, Ten
nessee, Louisiana, Wisconsin, N. Caro
[Delegations have been already elected
in the States marked thus (*~
It appears from this table, that if. the
Whigs gain thiee of the States marked
doubtful, they will have fifteen or a ma
jority by States. and will of course elect
their candidate- They have the best chance
for New Hampshire, Louisiana, indiana,
and North Carolina, and an equal one for
Wisconsin,Ten~nessee and Maine,in which
last a partial election has already been
held, with highly favorable indications forI
the success of the Whig party. It will
thus be seen, that the Whkig nomination is
likely to determine the question asked in
the correspondeoce we have quoted ; "In
the event of the election comning to the
H ouse, who stan~ds a better~ chance than
Mr. Calhoun."-Georgia Jouruil.
A Good Arr-angement.-J n France, all'
ladies w ho do no' possess a decided amiple
fortune, make it a poitnt to learn some
pr'actical are or business, which, in case of
reverses of fortune, they may use to obtain
a living. There are said to b'e six thou
sand females among the easy elasses in this
city who are destitute of any acquiremient
that could be made available in case of
PFron the 6eorgia Constitutionalisg No.
Yesterday, the 23d inst., will be'regard
ed as an epoch in the history of*A'ugusta,
and from that day we hope to be enabled
in future years to date a'greatly increased'
prosperity to our city.
We visited Bull Sittico. with a view
witness the flow of the watei itto the
Canal, and had,the pleasure df deicendig
it, in company with the President, sevoralt
of the Directors, and a number of' oher.
for several miles towards the city; e
were on a boat not quite as elegant asthe
trireme barge of Cleopatra, with its silver
gars and golden canopsy, but it 'boreia*
party as joyous and as buoyant with hop,
We were all in high spirits at this iong
wished for consummation of a .pr jcot
which is to be the sure source of incresed
wealth and prosperity to our city. *OurI
.raft bad been used to' transport 'granite'
for the construction of the lock and dam at
the head of the Canal. Upon irs beinaJ
a happy impromptu converted into a p
menger boat, it was dubbed by one' of;;r
party, very appropriately. "Roun i'd
Ready." Thus is our. useful entes'jig
identified with a brilliant name in our coun
ry's history. by the application -of a
soubriquet, which will be as famous au
mmornl as the gallant deeds of himts to,
whom it was first applied
The eaperiment of leting in the water,
)roved entirely successful. Ere'tuis goes
:o press, the steam will have nuo doulbt pas-.,
lad through the entire length of the Canal,.
tand been returned to the bosom of' the "
Savannah from which it is taken.
We hope the time ik not far distant, ere.
we will have occasion to record the suc
;essful application of this' great poiver'to
he propulsion of the machinery of Various,
Animal Magnetism.-Makingan ass of
A ltiquarian researches-An editor
ooking for news among his exchages-aftee':
:wo day's failures of the mails. .
Carving-Cutting an old acquaintance,
whom you know to be under the wind and'
Civility-Sending a man d challenge,"
mnd telling him at the same tine that'youi
ire his "obedientgervant."
Dancing-the anties opa p
flarmony-The singing, ute tea-ket
tie while .you are reading, the morning
Generosity-Exerting yourself to get up.
a subscription for a benevolent purpose,
but forgetting to contribute to it,
Indignation-Men of straw burning a
Liberality-Giving every one liberty to
think on matters of relegion and politics
Music-A child crying for its "ma" in,
Penetratinn--Looking at an eclipse of
the moon through smoked glass.
Phrenology-An Irishman operating on
a man's head with a shillelah.
Physiognemy-An Indian tracing lines
un his face with red paint.
Poetry-The jingle of dollars in a man's
Imitator-A fop or dandy : the original
being a monkey.
immaculate-Without spot; a white
gander for instance.
Immediately-Very soon, if not sooner,
instantly, if not more so.
Immemorial---further back than Memo.
ry can see with a spyglass,
Immense-Almighty big, as the little red
ant thought of the cockroach.
Immtersion-A rite performed by (rgf .
Immoderate..Eating the whole
turkey at dinner, then burying it boenrath,
a peck of plum pudding, and' maistaiiing
the heap with a gallon of beer.
Imnp..-A little, dirty, insignifleestldeviJ.
not out of his teens. The botte-imap is.
thme invincible spirit of rum. People eti.
the devil in them' by swallowing~himr.ip,a,
.The Lawe of Brand.-A eas.oti imipare.
lance was decided recently b~y the Supremes
Court of Ohio, involvmnd the lata ofranst4
Josiati Lawrctice broughA suithagainst.Mji-.
ler, Brown & H ankins, for damages oc
asioned by a-reliance upon,:thieir brand.
The plaintifi (Lawrence),haid.bouigi a,
quantity of Mess porit of the. dlefanglant,.,
(Miller, Brown & Co.) without, any .ber.,
examination than that of their brand..
That corresponded with, the perchase. lh
turned out to lbe eit~hen-not mesa porkt, or.
of interior qualhiy-thin pieces,. &kc. The
question was whether &hbe-defndtanzsecould
be held liable for Ste loss incutred by a re
Jiance on their bhuand1 The Court hield
they could and thejury assessed dam~ager'
Silent Carriage Whels.-T hese .have
appeared in London. The ise of wheels
consists of an .elastic muh'lar ring 'of ca
touchoue, enclosed in a leatherun ease. ~and
inflated with air to'any digresftigittnes
desired. The motiou of the oarriage is ex
Thlero'are 99 places of meli~ibus wdorhi
in Boston, costibg $2,246,500, i d haib
pastoi-s, are maintainied a' ageijix
pease of'$170,826.-There are 80 Sunilq
schools, huvinfl1864 toadhiars.' and ?1,O