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"We wi cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberti-s, and if wist fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
..PUBLISHED EVERY WED$NESDAY.
BY Will. F. DURISOE,
EDITOR & PROP-il ETOR
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Comsmnications, post paid, will be prompt
ly and.strictly attended to. -
Liberality gives a lan an insight into the
Says our Lord Jesus Christ, "If any
man will-do his will he shall show of the
doctritne, whether it be of God." I take
this my brethren, to be a general rule of
interpretation. Doing Wright then is the
way to understand the Scriptures ; and
this is undoubtedly, the trite Spirit of that
passage, "lie that believeth, hash the
witness in himself." He that constantly
goes on to do wat God commands, shall
find'his light break forth out of obscurity,
and his darkness as the noon day. On
(he princilpal of in-terpreiation. thenwhich
our-Savior he're lays down. ~what can d
covOtous man understand of such a pas
sage as this, "For ye know the grace of
our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he
was rich, yet for our sakes he became poor,
that ye through his poverty utight be rich"
or-such as this, .'To do good and to com
munientc, forget not.;,fer with such sacri
fices God is well pleased ?" or such as this
he soweth sparintly, shall reap also spar
ingly ; and he which suet hi bountifully,
shall reap also hounrifully ? or above all,
$011 is. -it is more blessed to give
so many wrest ac
destrucuion by imnagining that they derive
from them those.doctrintes of licentiousness
which give every man a hope of heaven ?
is it not obviously. because they do - not
adopt the principles of interpretation of
which we speak. obedience to God? Why
do so many. damnable heresies walk
abroad in the earth, and receive 'he em
brace of such maultit udes t bo otherwise.
have strung pretentions to'wit and learning
doubtless because. amid all their specula
tior.s, they have nut acted-they have not
done the will of God. And for the same
reason, many who call themselves Chris
tians have not drunk in the Spirit of libe
rality, though the New Testament is full
of precepts to inculcate it. They do not
in this ways and thtireoirtebfy understand
not, and. leel not. And for the same
reason too, when love to God and love to
man arejaid down as the essential pro.
perties of 'he Christian ; and when the
rule of judging thtexis'ence of these is no
other than the conduct- many who lay
cl'im to tfsif cliaucier, railize nothing of
its farce.- They act not for the welfare of
inen-they do not the will of God in this I
respect; and :hberefure understarnd not, and
feel not the power f'ttie divine requisi
It is remarkable. moreover, that th
condemnaatiion or :aunleittuh of the last dasy
i-s represested' nm- detpensdls" on our pierfiar
mnance or nonS-perforii mancte of the duties
ofrliberalty; the...e being. as we find in
other passatges-of Scripture, the evidence
of our fuisth atnd love. I was-hungry, und
ye gr~ve toe tnwai- i was thirst y and ye
gave mo drinkt; I nats a stranger stud ye
took me in; tauled ;andt ye clothed met; I
wvas sick and ye vtalled sme; I was in pri
son nnd ye c:itme unsio tst.-lInastmuch as
yehave iflone is inito otte of the east of
shese mys~ brethren, ye have done ir unto
WVhen this ssate:nn andi interes~ting ac
count of thae day of judgment stands sso
clearly before us as it does in the wrist en
word; ansd when she guospel is so full of
exhortatiOns so liberality as we all know
that it is, how dire a nian assume the
tame of a Christiao, ivhile he doers-t
hesitate to indulge -all the niggardly cal
cutations of covetousnes as his daily food?
Can such a man have tearned- t he priul-iple
of interpretation which ste Savior has
raid down, doing right 1-If then, amy
brethren, you wish to take ste fll iullu
once of divine t-uth into y our hearts;-iI
you wish so understand the grace of she
Lord Jesus which brocght haim down
f'rotm heavens for your sakes;-if you wish
to knmow and feel ste power of Christian
hensevolence so abitndantly inculcated in
the Scriptures; act-do tbnilioP God.
Woiten.-Womnen are better than men,
Whyt ;saerifines are they not capable o1
nejiing how unuselflsh are they in theis
affections ; how abiding- is- their lovel
They entchant us by their dahversation
' They add gmace and a softer coloring t0
life, and assist ustro bear with its assperi
ties. 1n our youth they are instructors; is
sorrow our comforters ; in sickness, th
s weet beguifei's ofrour siisery- hateve
-is rousgh in us they reline. Whatever
rusggedness there is ins our tntures she:
p-d:., om ennve-They are the onb
divinities on earth. Alas, that so many
of them are fallen divinites. But who is
it makes them so ? Who is it that takes
advantage of their weakness. when that
weakness ghorld be their hest claim to
protection ? Let himi answer who abuses
Among the various beautiful traits of
their beautiful natures, that of maternal
love should he noticed with peculiar admi
ration. . have heard of women haters.
and-am told that such a class of beings do
exist. But surely they who hold the sex
lightly and are unaccustomed to speak of
the, in terms of reproach, can never have
been spectators of the watchful tendernes
the anxious solicitude, displayed in a
thousand touching incidents, of a mother
for. a, child.
They can never have witnessed her
self-sacrificing devotion to her ofilspritg,
ber patient and even cheerful.perlormance
on the many laborious offices ofeducatioti
al trailing, or their tongues would. falter
in the utterance of one wvord of detraction.
Pyramid of Drink.-The operatioa of
drink, in its various degrees. may be rep
resented by a pyramid, thus:
Very fresh. 0 0 Very tipsy.
Fresh. 0 0 0 Drunk.
Lively. 0 0 U U Very Drunk.
Comfortably. 0 0 0 0 0 Stu'dly drunk.
Sober. 0 0 0 0 0 0 Dead drunk.
Sobriety.-The sober moments which
immediately succeed to dinner. are the
rradt miserable in existence. The latngor.
he sense of utter inefficiency, mental and
bodily, are dreadful. After a few glasses
you ascend the frst step of the pyramid,
and become .comfortable. In this state
you are not much disposed to talk. There
is a tranluil luxury in your feelings, and
a reverie comes on, which, if you drink no
more, is likely to terminate in sleep.. A
philosopher seldom passes this point, ex
cept in company.
Drink on, and you step up to lively.
Now you begin to talk. and your remarks
are smart and pertinent. You have the
reasonable power in high perfection, but
sided withal by a happy fertility of illus
tration. This may be considered as a
mental aurora, annuoing that the sus
uf fancy is about to rise from the "purple
your ideas now, for the sun has risen. Y. u
;row more eloquent and less logical.
Your jokes are capital, in your own esti
rntation. Your perceptions are still toler
ably clear, beyond yourself.
Very-Fresha.-Your conversation is more
highly colored. Your eloquence is im
passioned, and you overwhelm your con
pantons with a flood of talk. You begin
it sui the action to the word. Ideas not
tiquite coherent, but language still tolerably
distiuct and correct.
Tipsy.-Now on the top of the pyramid,
you begtm to grow gifidy. Gestures very
vehement, and epithets ituch exaggerated.
Argunteuttive, but not rational. Words
considerably abridged, and ideas lamen
Very Tipsy.-You find out that you
have a turn lr vocal music, ami regale
your friends with a song. Speechify in
incoherent language, and evince a most
decided tendency to mischief and locoto
tn. Proud es a peacock, stout as a lion,
and a:narous as a dove.
Drunk.-Perversely quarrelsome, and
stupidly good nainr.-d. Deathsng mtuch in
shale tauds and knock downs. Tougue
stammering and feet unsteady.
Very Drunk. -Abortive efforts to a ppear
sober. See every thing double. Balance
totally lost, anid drift ab~out like a ship in.
a hard gate. Vocabulary reduced to a
1'tuplidly~ Drunk.-Head antd stomach'
tmopsytivey. Eyes fixed and glaring.
Utter intcapacity ota speech and locomno
tion, accutmpantied wvith an indistinct yet
horrid cynsciousness of your situation.
Dead Drunk.-Ana apolectic sleep, an
confused dreams of~ the devil or y our cred
Uoney,-Honey is distinguished into
three kimihs; first the virgin honey which
is the tirst produce of the swarm, obtained
by draining front the combts without press,
Iinig; the second sort is thicker thtan the fli-sl
and is procured bty pressure; the third it
the worst sort which is extracted by heat.
ing the combs over a fire and then press
ing ihett. In the flowers of plants neai
the basis of the petals, aire certain glandi
containing a sweet juice, which the bee:
suck up, and flying with it to their hive:
discharge it again from the stomach thara
the mouth itot somei of roe cells of thi
cottb. This honey is destined for the foot
al the yountg, but, in hsaid seasons, the bee
are somtetimes reduced to the necessity o
feieding' on it thenmselves, and die of hutt
ger after they htave eaten it all up. Il
some pilaces a good swarut of hees wvil
yield ini two years, nearly thirty pound
of hontey ; bti it is miost abundantt in coon
tries where flowers abound throaughouit hi
year. From honey is made the drini
Marble Sugar.-Thte Saletm (Mass.
Gazette -says that the pulverized whit
sugar, nowvused in families, cotataints
every pound oaf sugar two ounces of pul
verized marble. When used dissolved, i
Sdeposits a sedliment of clay or mortar.
Ott a post mortem baiination ofithe hiud
f of a mant whd 'hiid .'lalIj- died of it. hi
bowels- were foutr o 'he completely Mi
,. Ad amized and pineclayed !
From the Charletona Me rcury.
THE :MEXICAN CONQUESTS.
The Hous of Representatives liaving
adopted a esolution, requesting the
President "to eommunicatr any and all
orders or instructions to General Taylor
Gen. Wool, Gen. Kearney, Captain
Sloat, Captain Stockton, or any other
oftice- 6f the government, in relation to
the establisment or organization of
civil government in any portion of the
territory of Mexico which has or may
be taken possession of by the army or
navy of the United States: also; what
forms of government each officers, or
either of them, nia' have established
and organized; and whether the Presi
dent has approved and recognized. said
governments," the President on Tues
day communicated this Message.
To the Huse of Representatives
of the United Slates -
In compliance with the request con
tained in the resolution of the House of
Representatives of the 15th 'inst., I
communicate herewith reports from the
Secretary of War and Secretary of the
Navy, with the documents which ac
These documents contain all the
"orders or instructions" to any military,
naval, or other officer of the government
"in relation to the establishment or
organization of civil government in any
portion of the territory of Mexico, which
has or might be taken possession of by
the army or navy of the United Stlates."
These orders and instructions were
give.. to regulate the exercki of the
tights of a beli6orent engaged in actual
war, over such portions of the irt a tcv"::.
of our enemy as, by military counqoesi,
might be taken possession of, and he
occupied by our ar.,.ed forced-rigtws
necessarily resulting from a state ofwar
and clearly recogni.d 'by the I ws of
nations. This wets all the. authority
which could be delegated to our military
and naval commanders, and its exercise
was indispensable to the secure occo
palion and possession of territory: of the
reguilatons auttorZed were teopornry;
and dependent on the rights acquit ed by
donquest. They wero authoriz-d as
belligerent rights, andware to he carried
into etfect by military or naval officers.
-They were but the atelioration of
martial law, which modern civilization
requires, and were due as well to the
security of the conquest. as to the in
habitants of the conquercd tot rilory.
The documents com,,nanicated also
contain the ieports of several highly
meritorious omlcers of our army and
navy, who have conquered and taken
possession of portions of the enemy's
Among the documents accompanying
the report of the Secretary of War,
will be foundna "form of governmeirt"
esmablished and organized by the milita
ry commander who coi:qured and occu
pied with his forces the territory of New
Mexico. This document was received
at the War Dep.artment m the latter
part of last motnth, aYd (is will be per
ceived by the report of the Secretary
of War) was not, for the reason stated
by that officer, biought to my notice
until after my annual message of' the 8i h
inst., was communeicated tO Congress.
It is declared otn its face~ to be a
temporary govern meat of said tetitory,
but there are portions of it wvhich purp)ort
to establish and organize a permanent
territorial government of the United
States over the territory, and to impart
to thte inhabitants political rights wvhich,
tnder the cotnstitutioni of the United
States, can. be enjoyed permanently
only by citizens of the United States.
These have not been "Iapproved and
recognized by me. Such organized
regulations as have been established in
any of the cohiqtered territories for the
s cutlity of our confqeust, for thte preser
vation of order, for the protection ol
te rights of thn inhabitants and for de
priving the enemy of the a'd~intages o~
thtese teiritories while the tmilitary 1p0s
session of them by the forces of the
United Stlates continue, wvilh be recog
nized and approved.
It will be apparent, from the reports
of the offcers w~ho have been require<
by the success wyhicht has crowned theit
arms to exercise thte powers of temipora
ry gove'rnnment over the conquered ter
ritortes, that if any excess of power ha
been exercis.,th4 deperture has bee
the offspring of a pati-iotic desire to giv
to thte inhabitants the privileges one
immunities so cherished by the peoph
of our ow' cotuntry, atid which the
'believed calculated to improve thei
condition and promote their prosperity
Any such ex'est Nas resttdd in n
practical injury,- bui can an'df will 6
early corrected in a manner io alitenat
as little as possible th. good fedTingsi
the itnhabitamus of the conqu'red tetrrit<
ry. JAMES K. POLK,
WVAamtNaoN. Doe. 22. 1846.
The doe onts, consisting of despat
cdes from:- War. and .Navy Depart
ments, arp ewhat voluminous, and
relate in- maIl po ti on of them to
the subject finquiry. We select such
passagesa re directly to the point..
in his fisf 7tter of instructions to Gen.
Knarney, der date of June 3,1846,
the Secre of War writes:
"Shoul conquer and take posses.
sion of N Mexico and Upper Califor.
nia, or iderable places in either,
you will e blish temporary civil gov
ertiments t ein -abolishing all arbi.
Crary rest? tons that may exist. so far
as it may. ,so fa ? it may lie done.
with safetf In performing this duly,
it wouldbe - and prudent to continue
in their ' " neut all such. of the
existing ,as are: known to be
friendly to nited States, and will
take, the f allegiance to them. The
duties at . custom houses ought at
once -to'be; educed to such a rate as
may be bar ysufficient to maintain the
necessary cers without yielding any
revenue ta le government. You may
assure they ople of those provinces
that it is, wisi and design of the
United Stag; to ptovide for them a free
governmen *ith the least possible de
lay, similar tlintwhich exists in our
territories, hey 'ihen will be called
on to exec the rights of freemen in
electing I own representatives to the
territorial. gislature. It is foreseen
Hat, what' Idles to the civil govet n
ment, wil n 4ificult and unpleasant
part of yn duty, and much 'must ne
cessarily b Ait to'your own discretion.
In your Iolc conductyou w-ill act
in beu ' nner as best to conciliate
the inhabit t, ins 1ender tiem friend
ly to the it'd Si.ites." '
On the d of November, Gen. Scott
writes to - Kearney thus :
Your s ch upod, and conquest of
New Me ogetler with the military
dispo;iti -'fir holding that prov.
ince, hatt fr;ou,n1 dnsgiuthurized
to say,: anc pprobuiofIII
:Exe~rt t m t i~ " 4 oubtd
Upper Califurnia, -will be execute with
like energy, judgement, and success.
After giving various instiuctions to
Gen. Kearney touching his novetents;
co-operation with the navy, appointment
of civil officers,&c., in California, Gen.
Scott adds :
"A:: a guide to the civil governor of
Uppe: Califo'rning in our hands, see the
lettet of June the 3d (lasth addressed to
you by the Secretary of War. You
will not, however formally dedlare the
provirce to be annexed Permanent
incorporation of the territory must de
pend on the government of the United
Those instructions to Gen. Kearney
were very liberal, and lie stents to have
follow-d them csuefnlly except in his
"annexation" of New Mexi.o, to the
the United States. That was an idea
of his own.
The instructions from the Navy De
partment were more cautiously worded.
In a despatch dated June 24, 1845, the
Secretaty of the Navy instructs Com.
Sloat, in.the event of war with Mexico,
to take possession of San Francisco,and
as tier as his f'orce would allow, to block
ade the other Pacific pos H'e is
cautioned so to act as to encourage
frier.dly feeling among the people of
Cahfoa'nia towards the United States,
and if possible to secure their neutrality
during the war.
Under date of M-ay i*5, 1846; she
Secretary writes; cotm'municatinig the
fact of the existence of war, and giving
Comi. Slosat various inscr-actions, the
the mast importanm of which- are as fol~
You will henceforth exdrdise all'the
rights that belong to you as commnander
in chsier of a belligerent squadron.
You will consider the most impoi tant
public object to be, to take and hold
possession of San Francisco; and this
yoty will do witlient fail.
You will ulso take possession of Ma'
zatlan and of Monterey, one or both, a:
your force will permit.
In informat ion received here is correct
you- can - establish friendly rela tibn
between your squadroniand tihe inhabi
tants ofi each of these tlkree places.
Gasymat is- also a~ good harbor, ani
is believed to' be defenceless. You wil
,udge about attempting it.
When you cannot take and hold pos
session of a towtn yons may establish
blockadeif you have the means to do
e tffectually-, and the public interest sha
IWith the expiession of'these view
much is left to ydur discretion as to ti
selectibi' of thd points of attack, th
1ports you will s'eize, the ports whit
e you will blockade, ast to the order
Syou? shccessive movements.
Aconnexion between California, at
even Senora, and 'the prese1t goveri
ment of Mexico, is supposed scarcely
to exist. You will, as opportunity of.
fers, conciliate the confidence of the
people in California, -and also in Sono.
ra, towards the government of the Uni
ted States; and. you will endeavor to
render their relations with the United
States as inti nate and as friendly d
It is important that you should hold.
possession, at least, of San Francisco,
even while you encourage the people to
neutrality, self-government, and friend
-. You can readily conduct yourself in
such a manner as will render your oc
cupation of San Francisso and other
ports a benefit id the inhabitants.
These instructions ate repeated on the
8th of June, and on the 12th the Secre-.
tary writes still more esplicitly.
The object of the United States is,
under its tights as a belligerent nation,
to possess itself entitely of Upper Cali
When San Francisco and Monterey
are secured, you will, if possible, send a
small vessel of war to take and hold
possession.of the port of San Diego;
and it would be well to ascertain the
views of the inhabitants of Pueblo de
los Angelos, who, according to infdrma
fiod recnived here, may 1"e counted on
as desirous of coming under the jurisdic
tion of the United States. if you can
take possession of it, you should do so.
The object of the United States has
reference to ultimate peace with' Mleii
co; and if, at thai peace,' the basis of
ulti possidetis shall be established, the
government expects, through your for
ces, to be found in actual possession of
.This will bring with it the necessity
of a- civil adtiri;as!ralien. Such a go
vernmient should be -established tider
your protection ; and in. selecting per:
sons to hold office, due respect should be
had to the wishes of the pcople ofCali.
fornia, as well as to-the actual. possessors.
ofau'orfty in that. province.- It'maj'
b prerto require-an;.oathf'
vho are enirt a w
will also aure' the p'eopre of' C ifornia
of the protection of the United States.
The extracts we have made embrace
the substance if the instructions ema
natinu from Washington, and it seems
to us they leave nothing more to be sid
on the stupid charge .of usurpation,
brought against the President. He has
directed our forces to take possession of
certain territories, and to retain them
in a way less oppressive to the popula
tion, while the war lasts.
You cannot prume currant and goose
berry bushes to standards. Nature never
intendedt hom for trees. and it is seldom
safe to violate her intentions- She de
sirned them for bushes. and bushes',it is
best to allow them to be; but pruning
them so as not to allow the limbs to inter.
fere much with each other, and so as to
exclude the decayed and lissected limbs.
About as pretty a fruit as families bere
abouts can cultivate in their gardens. is a
black rasberry or thimble berry. The
uushes grow wild in most of our towns;
and therefore, the original roots can be
easily obttaifned; but they never produceso
abundanitly nor so sweet fruit in-a wild
s'aili, as~when custrivated in gardens -
They are hardy, will withstand any win
ter, are great. very great bearers, nothing'
injures thema and the fruit is delicious,
eaten fresh from the hush, or set upon the -
tea-table, wtith'a'little sugar and cream
niixed with it. They niak'e an elegant
appearance growinig anid a dozen bushes
will supply an ordinary size family with
an abundance of the fruit for use in the
esas'on of them', besides enough for the
best of preservss.-Mine Cultidator.
. To'Preserve Peacht Trees.-Thbe appli
cation (o the trees consists of salt -petre,
combined in the proportion'of' one part of
salt-petre to eight parts of salt ; one half
pound of this mixture to a tree seven -years
old and upward, to be applied upon the
surface of the ground, around and in im
medhiate contact with the trunk, of the
tree ; this will destroy the wvoriti, but to
more effectually preserve the tree sow
this mixture over the orchard at the rate
tof two'bujshels to the acre. The size of
mtle fruit is iUtcriased, and the flavor very
gi-eatly improved, the worm destroyed
and the Yellows prevented.
A Silent Earthquak.-Many - persons
in Havanna assert that at the time of the
-hurricane at Cuba and Key West,inm addi
tion to the tempest of wind and water,
they distinctly felt a violent convulsion of
r the earlb, li'the~ paaving of an earth
I quake. The resultsofthestarm seem ta
confirm this assertion. The little islartiao
, San Pe, oil Key West, on which tho'ig
eho'ase stood, disappeareid'in the stortn, 1a
Sking with it the light house. Whatu
Ivefy' renfark'hble, is that the soundings 0
SKey'Ws al-e ch'inged. Where wer
shallows, now is deep water, and 'where
wais deep water now are shallows. This
d iis the uniform mode in which convulsioni
of theaearth seem' to nctr
From ie N. O. Delta, -
LATEST FROM T .FFFL EV
Lois of tk U, S. brig Sres-=Ower 20
men dbibhikee-Capure q American
the Mexicans-Situation frthe1 .
e learn froi Porser Warringtoit
thg U. S. brig of war Somers,.wascap.
qized, add sunk in a few minutes, i
heavy squall from., the North, on the )8h
inst., at 9 o'clock, P. M.; o0 Groeh.e
land. There were 80 persons op
of whom,-it was supposed at the t2,.,
had perished, andatm,on theim3 e
ed Midsbijiipo 'LI. A. Clemson and, ohn
Ringold Hlynsdo. . Since .theif.out of
the 39 have drifted hore,:96.gho #
died from exposuret.Eight men went
ashore on hen coes, .nearVera Cru0, d
ter having been in tliKater 30 bourd ayd
were taken.prisoners of war by @A exi1
cans. Great creditzis due tibe officers ad
crews of the Egfis.tidd .Fr encb vessels
of war at anchor near the Somers auh.
dire ; every ..assistcnce possible' on their
part was rendered.
On the 5th inst. Midshipman R ..19.,
Rogers and poctor, J. H. Wright, with-a
boat's crew from the Somers, ,went for tbej
purpose of reconnoicering below Vera.
Cruz., When. Rogers, Dr. Wright, and
a seaman bad gone sorde ditance #in
the boat they were surrounded by, seven.
3exicau soldiers. Mr. Rogers and the
saden were made prisoners and sent to
the Castle of Perote.
Con. 'Conner adived.at Antog L.iadp.
on ~he'13th inst., pi zopd the .Princeton
and went on 1oard the frigate -Rariaan as
his flag ship.' The sloop John Adams was
blockading Vera Cruz.. Frigate PotorueWf.
siriv4 i GreenIsland '13th ist., Frigate.
Cumberland sailed for.Norfolk on the 6th.
Left at the anchorage at Auton1I za'rdo
the following vessels, viz:-Frigate ari-,
tan, steamers Mississippi,' Vixen, and Pot
ritia, and store'hip Relief, and schrs,Bo-.
nets and Petrel,..41so, brigs'Oeco,;.Cbin-.
chills, add Garnet, loaded with coal ; and
brig Abr'asia from Pensacola, with pro-..
visions and stoies from the squadron..
Extract d a leiuer,ftom a well informed;
source. at Vera, Ciuz: "The recent-iatl
ligence from , Typi.co, is, that this Stgte
is mu.ti-sg6sted withe. neglect-oC ?te:
S~upreme ';Government of-gl Mcp o
aidsng'them. It wa though .uorum,
o he Me au Cogres couldi oot go
to etfe -'. --.
A few moments after writing the above,.
I received intelligence of the entire loss of
the brig Somers,. with two of her ofices,.
Acting Sailing Master Cletisoi and'Passed,
Midshipman Hjns'on, and 30 of thg .ciew.
She capsized and sunk off Vera Crux.
The remainder ,of the officers and crew. .
were saved, amidst a severe gale, by. the,
exertions of the.English, Wrench and Span..
ish vessels'or war lying off Vera Cruz.
Nothing was known of this at the anchor-' *
age until the remainder of. those on the.
wreck were broughr down by one of the
steamers. - -
"The Somers has been performing the,
most arduous blockading duties for several,
months, under every vicisitbde of weather.
She .was to have been relieved to diqy.by.,
the John Adams-but ,her race is run.
She lies a wreck in 17 fathiows water, al
most within gunshot of the Castile.".
We are indebted to our polite and aer
cotmmodatiug. friends.of the Tropic for thpe
followiug interesting letter from the inu
telligent correspondent: - -
Of Vera Craz; Decnber 9,'46.
.Messrs. Editors-One of the most af
flicting calamities of the war occurred Ses
terday in the loss of the brig Somers, which
foundered near Green-Island. with the-loss
of Passed Midshipmen Henri A. Clgny
son sind John Ringold Hytjson, and tmjore~
than 30 of her crew., That any escaped
is due to the hu~mano exertions and intre
pidity of the British, French and Spanish'
ollicers of the squadrons lying aitif:
cios, who witnessed the sinking of the
bi-ig ; anti, .not~ithstanding the fearful.
height of the sea, and the rage of the,
gale, sent several boats each from the'
principal ships to the rescue. Twstiig
boa~ts are said to have been out. ..
It was honorable t'o huanu nature to.
attempt such an undertakirif ad'thejr.
success must he regarded as a reward Tor
their intrepidity, directly conferred by an
1' hear this name of Gient. Tarletoa, of
H. B. M. frigate Endymion, and Lieut.'
Wood, mentioned in terms of the highest
praise. But all acted bravely and nobly,
witlt,.but little distinctien,individuelly.
H ynson was an oroament to thie Navy*
of the brightest character-.'. He hasteg.,su
periors, except accidentally of rank, in hisi
profession. His. equal~s .and' it'feribia ll
loved him. *A specimnep of~his .galtlantry
-has been" shown . in the- ,par ,pjptuen -n
the reent cutting out oz urnn pf the
vessol under the castle, ad , '~ld he
could now have saved his life, bit, for his'
generosity in giving up his spar to a .sar.
- or w.horp lhe considered weaker than hlrn
sdtff. lb seeklug antother support he went:
I knew him inttirihaly,d ean truf.
prononuce his the noblest mn'a anda the.
warmestheart that I have-ever yet found'.
in the~huined breast. Mr. H ynson's only'
btder is a residen~ of your'c~ity. In de-'
pi~ring his said bereavement, he c'aneE
rjoy all the consolation that is to be~ deni
vedl from the renleetion that' hiaf'th's offi
cers of the Navy join in his grif n~aso
a tnouru a brother. . . .,
'Of Mr. Clemson. I knet n4ihing, t
nm told that he' was ay tenne man .of fine"