Newspaper Page Text
enaracier, and go promise as an naval
The commander of the Somers. Lieut.
Commandant Sem mes. andhis survivingj
2EddeTriand nariiwere taken ino'the dif
ferent ships at 'be Sacrificios afiehoruge,
and treated with much kindness until this
tiorning. when ""ey were sent down to us
- ,th-tbo. first-intimation of-the-dreadful
The John Adams. without a pildt, ran
through the reefs in the heaviest of the
gale which carried the Solvers down, and
succeeded, at the most irdatinent hazard of
-destruction, in reaching tii anchdrage at
San Atton Lizardo. A merchant brig
G1~ascagfeIin t'te same manrier. The
Adatis takes the Somers' place to morrow
inorning-fillingup the breach !
The Cumberland frigate,~under the
command of Capt. Gregory, and unoffi
Ceed and inanned with the crew of the
Raritan, sailed for. Norfolk via Hatada
1o'the 6th iit.
The Mississippi, bearing the red ag of
cormodore Perry; the -Raritan. Capt.
Vorest, the John Adams; the Relief; the
Vize. the PerritaQ-ate 'Champion.) two
orthreegun boats, and four or five mer
chant vessels, lie:at San Anton.
Co-nrodoreConnor is expected' every
hour with the Princeton, Spitfire, and their
seuiahl vessels from Tampico; and the Al
bjtnyatad Boston from the North; and we
confidently expect, upo- their arrival to
iake ar timMediate commencement upon
Alvarado.'"Some of the patriotic citizens
ofilat place have thrown out polite in
timations of their readiness to recommence
the exchange of their copper for our iron,
fnd Com. Connor is-.'dot the man to de
cline a traffic furnishing such returns.
I presume you h'aeoi.yer heard of
the'attempt'of Mr. Rogers one of"there
cent cutting' out party. to set fire to a buil
ding-used as a-magazine noor the towan.
His life was probably saved by not sue
ceeding. Himself and one of his bout's
-crew were made' prisoners, and it is said
to have been sent to Perote-reason not
statEd. That is all I knrsw of it.
* My'news frot the intbrior is all sEond
handed. and you can gather such from the
newspapers which deal in that article. As
a faithful chronieer I record only well cet
tifled facts. The rumot that the Cdngress
till not convene, for the want of ioney
dmongst tbe members ta defray their trav
dling expe'se, is rot worth much, I take
jt,.ondf only, notice it here, because so
tkucli harped upon.
''regret 'to see some of the New Orleans
pters so anxious to do justice to Com.
C'onnor, as to overrate the credit of Com.
Perry. -1 presume the latter officer will
correct, or lias corrected, some of the mis
statements to.. hich. I allude. He is a
gallant, just and warm hearted officer, and
will not suffer no man to force upon him
the credit due another, and no real friend
of his will ever attempt an ope.aiion of
Very respectfully, yourn,
List of the Officers and Men Lost.
HIenryA. Cletn*o, Acting Mister ;'Joba
R. Hynson. Passed Midshipm . Wim. G.
Brazier. -Ebeneze 'Terrell, harles H.
" Havea, JamR an. Jamesu.Thompson,
. C Arms^* r(m YT'g W~m.
-- g, s et~itlrvel,'MajortCain,.s'=Deus
nis IKelly, Alexander Anker. Charles Me
Farland, James Fennel, Charles True,
John D;,Wni. Pu'dy.'Edw ard a cCor.
mick, .Wm. Einaley, 'Win.. Quest, John'
Hargrave, W.. McCi ;rily.'Jta i Ctristo
pther Myers, Clemnnt C Willen, Thom'as
McGowan. JOs,-p2 Antohiq, Ada h ee
-monte. ManuelHo r'; m. .P -
era, Henry WV. Sptear. James Chapman,
Lewis Jacks~on. 'igouttus Le opold, Thos.
.Jefferso, Wmn. H-. Rosee, Peter Herman
'dez, ~ ier
Lis ofO~iersand M4en Saved.-R.
Se'mmes, Liegt.''omjfnanding, M. Gi. t.
Clainorne, Jno. L. Parker, Lieuts; John
-F. steele, Purter;-lJo H:;.Wright, Passed
Aseistant Sergeon; PFrancis *G.. Clark,
-Midshipman ;'Elmund.T. Stevens. Pur
ser's Steward; Jacob iazalid, iman.
Amos Colsin, William Jconson, Mathew
IEuck,Jtohn McCergo, John G. Va'no Nor.
den, Charles Seymour., Joljn Wilhamson,
'onPollen. John Smith, Henry Strom
tnlljlomfaItllholten, Geto. Wakefield,
/'~evefFrancis H-aire.. Wti. Toland,
Wm.Vt ".'hotnpson. Christopher Law.
rence Jes Todd, Sfephetn Maynard, S.
.* Bnnet-t,. Tilo.. D.JMuens, War. Power, J.
-itisey iot-eph Jones, Charles Nutlee,
Wishington-ettoper, Wmn. Dix,. Francis
A. Waldeun. James Chamabers.
Capture of Midehipfanl Rogers.--The
suecessfil exploit of burnintg the Creole, a
fast sailing vessel supposed to be fitting
out as a privateer aud- moored alongside
thevery walls of the castle of San Juan
do Ulaa, embtondened' the officers of the
Somers to undertake fresh euterprises.
- One oft hese was a reconnaissanlce t Vera
Cruz itself, with the intentti)on of ascertamn
ing the locality of the magazine and the
rensibility of an attempt to blow it up,
and'ou' this hazardous undertaking a little
p'artyi which- Midshipime R. gers and
Surgeou- W righ-t volunteered to conduct,
'.For tw:o nights. favored by the darlineas,
the party pursued its reconnoissance; on
the third,: after having obtained a most
complete land sattsfactor, kuowledge of
the localities about Vera Cruz and ascer
taining that their hject- could be acenom
piished, the listtlebrnd 'vas'surrotnded by
a-stabll body of Monican' lancer's while re
t urning to the boat. 'Rdgerstiand- the only
sailor along'witthirn were at once taken
piisoners--Mr. Wr~ight. by 'presenting 8'
pistol at the hotrsedian, succeeded iin keep
ing them off until he reachedismern at
the shore, when they at once shoved off,
andc succeeded in gaining thte vessel'fn"
safety. Mr. W. did not dare fire, thinking
*it might bring a large force upon him-: as
-.-irt'as, lie had the satisfaction of knowing
that he had .saved the boat and her crew.
Of the-disposition made by yourng Ro
gSrs we have no definite' inf rmann. One
nieounit has it that he wast chained and'
:aTixrd'siffy- elie Mexicans to the cold'
angloomly deslc f'Peroe but-this ued&
confirmatio.MAnset 60 the BtitishCon
s-ul at Vera Cruz is'mentioned in one of
ottr letters' whtcliuddes him great credit.
Jittesih1 that on leirnin~gt that tMi. Ro~
gers -we about to march to Perote;.he at
ont-artied off himselfliu'questtof bror,-or
el1e sent him the sum of $100, besides re
fieshments and clothing. -for 1 ' comfort.
It is'ertain thit the-gal lant ing id
while perfoniiazuss4inai ad imlp
tans service;-'as not; at fist started off fur'
Perte, whatever may have since befallen
him.-We shall look for accounts of him
-with interestr-as-alsv of the -unfortunate
prisoners whom the elements have thrown.
into the power of the Mexicans.
'WAs9IGTON. let. 28
From the Correspondence ofthe Bait. Amerkaa
In the House,-Mr. Hlaralson of Ga,
asked leave to offer the follon iog Resrlu
Resolved. That the Secretary of 'WaF
be required to refund to the several States
the expeiss incurred'hy them in subsisting
volunteers after the Proclamation of May
last, calling for Volunteers; and previons
to the time in which the Volunteers were
mustered into service.
The Resolution was a joint one, and as
such was referred, to the Committee on
M r. .D Baker of Illinois, the Colo
nel of the ill. Volunteers, next addressed
the Committee, theokine the Hioise at
the first for the floor and the Chairman of
the' Committee s or awarding it to him.
ie did not design to take any part in the
controversy, which had been been going
on between members of different political
Coming then to the imponant subject,
he said that the Army in Mexico needed
more men and more money, and they
hoth now, immediately-at once. The
army was deficient in the necessary nu
merical force. The country they had
captured covered an imtnense tract and it
would require large forces of men to gar
rison Monterey, S'atltillo, tamargo and
and Matamoras and other points of country.
*hich bad been secured.
According to Mr. Raker. there wrere but
11,000 men belonging to our forces in
Mesico--avlailable men. after the places
taken had blen garrisoned. Mexico was
better prepared to make a war now thai
she was when the war commenced. The
Mexicans did not jet Believe that we
could conquer their country, and during
the existence of the war whey bad' become
more nationalized than they had been. and
many of the Mexicans had made 'heroic
sacrifices to save themselves and their
We bed really done little or nothing to
conguer a peace.- The President had re
ceutly called out nine or ten new regiments
but they were very far from being upon
the ground. At i..ost they were buat.ont
seven thousand men. Mi.xio had 25.000
men and some of thermt her bravest 'nen.
Six months ago we sent into the firld
26 regiments; They went iUto the s,r
vice -with, high hopes and 'eager ethe
rations,.but alas, he.w.mr y'of them slept
upon.lte banks of the Ri:a Gran.;e. About
'2000 men, of the best blood of the nation,
who had never seet the enemy, found a
grave, upon'the'Rio Grande. The country
had paoved niosi sickly. and the army had
suffered most severely.
- Even the young'meo of the servicehad
bee- amnmg the greatest suffererir Id
somgr.giments one-seventh *adone'
eighth heddiad frot the exposure to the
climate, the want of water. and the change
of food !-What those men had done they.
they had done for fame. glory love of
country It was cold blenined cruelty to
desire that these men, should he called to
endure another campaign, when by a
prompt and energetic war w-e could pro
cure a peace before another campaign.
' Mr. Baker continued :What was to be
Jone ought to be done at otce. If the
volutnteers were to be paid imore than 37
a month, they ought to receive ii now,
and it was better to pay them in -money
than in lands. l-e btrid seen voluoteers,
poor, emaciated andi suffe'ring sev'erely
for the comforts of life.
He had known ten cents a pound to be
paid for bread, twenty cents fur poor sugar
and fiftig cents a p~ounmd for choeeie. I' was
a long time. too. before the Volunteers
had received their pay,-six mtonths he
fore the Illintois Volunterr- rereived theirs
He cared not whether tht5 war cost $20,
000.000 or $100.000.000 Let the mem
bets of this House then tie implored t) (10
sometbing and to act promptly.
Correspondrucc of the Charleston Cordrier.
I -' WASDUNTsO,,~ Dec. 28.
-Col. Baker, of Illinois, is the lion of the
city. lHe is followcd lby cutrious crowds
of riends, whit *ant to kunw what--he
thinks of the' war uni its prospects-how
he got over his wound that he received
in the ro~w among the voltuteers--what is
to be done next. &c. Cot. Baker came
here from the seat of war on a militasy
mission, not for political, purposes. He
has been lboring to obtain some assis
tance for: the volunteers, who; as he ret).
resents, are suffering from' madny priva
tions. They are in w ant of cliii hing. anid
they were much embarrassed by heitig
obliged to pay very highi prices for -every
thing they bouight on the Rio Grande.
There are larce stosres of clothing in the
p~ossessioni of-the governiment, but the vol.
nteers have no wuy-to obtain any. T'hey
have slept and Iougtmt in the same clothes
ever since they entered the service. They
want aid from the government. They
want encouragemnent. They want rein
forcemetnts. They are. paating for distine
tioni, and ready to sthed their blouod likte
water to conquer atn honori ble peace.
Mr. Baker resumed his seaitio the flouse
this tmornintg, but previously tendered his
resignation to take efict ott thu 15th Jan
usry. It was generally under-stood that
th'e Chairti of the Co~nmmittee of the
Whole would give him the fitor to day.
A crowd-was accordiugly collected in thte
gillerieu. Cot. Biker's speec: enchained
'the attention of the Hlouse He did nlot
fdil to i'mi art mtiueti of his own enthbusiasm
to the whole House,
His bpinioit thuttsa blow for peatce must
lhe struck at once-this wointer. It will be
easier, he thinks, t1 taku the-city of Mex
ico. arid ,thzere dietlitfterms of peace before
the 1st of next April, tian it. witl.ever be
aufterwards. All that 'we .have done has
been tp gain gfory;. but wA have .done
little to cripplethe foe ur diminishs his.re -
sources. We havn- rather enabled. Jaim to
coinmeiltrate his reaouresnos harmo;:a
facions, to uni;. .the a imleeopeimp~-;
f,:nce of 'tihe enont ry. Na nennpler. . a
gentemnan from S. C., (1A3r. lb es,) had
jAit sai~d t the late seg utl i~ e
li'eve a41 laBses, prtli nd iterests,
in Mlinco ifere uitted in d nceoftheir
-bourifii. Ww--mils' strili' ii deisive
blow, ef'ect some brilliant achievement, to
force them to conclude peace. What we
-did-we-mtier do inimediatel'j=this winter.
A summer campaign would e destructive
to our troops. and it wuuldabe-crnel to ex i
plse them to it.
Mr Raker proposed a joint resolution
which had :lready received the sanction
of the Secretary of War, to authorize the
issue of clothing to the volunteers.. This
Was itnmediately passel: igaclaIatidri.
Cot. Baker is a staunch whig, and was
at thelate .sossion an ultra Oegoan man.
He has recovered entirely from his severe
From Me Cormspondence" of'Ethemn. Netws.
In the Senate this nornig 4a very inte
resting memorial was presented by Mr.
Davis. from certain medical gentlemen of
Boston, relative to the nei~ly discovered
gas, the inhaling of which renders a patient
insensible to pain during th pr rma:tce
of surgical operations. It aft ' that the
gasproduces no bad effeetfu hesvstem
and in a few minutes aftbr inhaling renders
the individual ne unconseiouias-if he w"ere
annihilated. What a boonr will this lie to
criuinals sentenced to execuion.. if. our
criminal code will allow it. yTh memo
rial was referred a SelecaGcomamittee.
who will undouliialy report nt avprief
instructing the Sireons of-t0e Army and
Navy to use the gas;
.lr.-Berrien reported ill to refund to
':,e State of .ieorgia-e i duties paid
by her upon imported ati oad iron, ladi
down on,the Western Atlangc. rail road.
Mr. Sawyer having toe flotor;directed
his remarks chiufly. to, lr. .Giddings, who
a short time ago denounced &henui in such
glowing terms -Alluding' to the. oppoi
tion of the Whig party to ihte war, r. S.
said that he should not be at irisurprised,
if before the close of the seisin these
same Whigs were to'- turn-round and
charge that the President has'notijrosocu
teed the war with vigor enough.,. H~ con
tended that the provocations. o, Mexico.
furutshei ample cause for tIe ,war, and
eiildeavoed to shota that the conduct of
the opposititon is of a piece with that of the
old'felcrlist during the last gar.
Fromt Le. Correspondence ofthe Char.'Evcc News
In lice H.suse. ii .1rsatge:sars received
frtnn the Presdent stating tmat he has
signed Cite bill ir tie adiission of Iowa
into the Union.
Mr. Stark weather,. of Ohio, moved a
reconsidera!otion .ite vote,'by which tibe
House yesterday passed .th joint res'
olution providing for the clotio of ih,
volunteers, by forwarding it toitieofficers
for distribution. lie accompanied his
mtion by. some. remarks to tholeffect that
all officers sit entrusted with c intg oug at
to be 'required to give bood He also
,tated that ie holieved the-o ifr (iCl.
B .1ker) who spoke ye rd4U received
hi pay as i'"eflicer ofl ie .'-and his
atd..miteI an* - .. - i rgress.
After further remarks. evidently intended
to apply to Colonel Baker, the liltion
to reconsider prevailed by a vote of 91 io
51. The resolution was then referred to
the Military Committee.
A mong onmcrous resolutions adopted
was one by Mr. 'Tibhats. instructing the
Military Comintee tol cotnsider the expje.
diency of reporting a hill pro'viding for the
raising of troiops by draft; als'o of creating
officers hy promotion from the ranks.
"r. Haralsoin, from the Military Coin
mittee, repoted the hdll to raise, for five
years or the duratiom of' the war, at the
opetiob of the Pre~ident, nine regimietits of'
infantrry is to be comiposed of' the saunw
nuember acid rank of commeiissione'd ecTicers.
etc . as are proivided for a regimemi of
drmtgoons antd infatttry tunder existia laws
anti to receive theeatne pay, andu be under
the samto regula.ttins. 5s to the rule's di
artic les of watr. Proividled that it sehall
bce lawful for the Presid.-m of the U. S.,
in the recess of the Senate, to apepoini'
sutch office's as miay not be appitede du
ring the prtesenit session, teo lbe subtject
however to the action-ofthe Senate at the
The Presidenit is authorized to apipbirnt
an additional Majeor to each of cthe regi
ments in the A rmty ofthbe U. S., who shall
be taken cr',m the Captains of tho armny.
Each eef the regimnents raised by this act;
to be allons ed a regimtential quarter-master,
to lie taken froct. t he subulterns of' the line,
whlo shall lie allowedl ten dollarsa additiontal
pay pter month ande forage fer two horses.
Every ablehodied reernit agreeinig to serve
for five years or durin~g the war, t) be
allowed a hounity of twelve dollars, six
dollars of which. is to be reserved .until
said' recruit shalt have joitied his regeet.
The bill was twice read and referred to a
Cormmifittee oh' the Whole. There aplpeaere
to he no doubt of its passage.
Mr. Nurt frotm the satme Cuminee
reported a hill, providinughat w hetn any
oflicer of1 the Areny shall become dieuali
fied from- wounds or otherwise, he shall
retire on his monthly pay without rations,
a ad lice next eclicetr in thce line of pteomo-t
tiotn to fill his lplace. The Seceeary of
Wsar is aut horizeed to refer aney such case
to an-u A rmy Botardl, whto shall give their
opitnici on' the merits of the case. It was
also twice read and referred.
.4 National Government Massacred.- A
hoerrible massacre occurred in tne' city of
Katman-too, the capital olf the.kingdom of.
Nepaul, in Neitihern India, last Septeep
Iter~. The Qeteen had a. favorite. one
Getneral Guggun Singh, whom the King
caused to be tnurdered on the 14ih1 of Sep
tember, at 10 o'clock at night. Her ma
jesty 'was so ontrage I ate the loss of her
paramour, that she at once instig~atedl the
massacre of the pritune inisters the mem
bers of' the Cabinet,, he nobhiity,.Council
olf State, getnerals an'd chief mqj, to the
ncumuber tef tmoo hundred! The King.alone
escaped, hut . his wheraliours wasn'
knowsrt A-single nobleman only was sav-*
ed. and the Qrieeei appoiinted him cein
mandler-in-chiel. The Queen is the King's
secondi wife.' 'The' male -childrenhv lhe
liist wife, who would- he'v~e.' precedell her
rhildren in the g. vernmenttowhero-am'0g
thns an 'orjn c-naafininlngemnu tL.
paul is a povetful kingdom, having about
three millionte of--inhabitants. The-nation'.
af religion is Buddhism. .Most of the peo
pie are T'artars, as may readily be infer
red from the conduct of the-' Queeuz..
From the Patin-Ito Banner.
THE WAR AND Ta KOPOSITION.
Te S' ntimtets expres..rd by sne of
the leaders of lie Whig party in Congress,
in relation to our war with :Mexico, are
any thing hut pairiate. How much so
ever we may have daifered as to the ori
gin, necessity, character. or justice of this
war, it is unqiestionably the part of pairi
Otistm, to sacrificeall differsice of -opinion
uon theraltar of a common- country. and
to sustain the country when she has spo
kern through her coontituited iuthorities.
The spirit of party. when restrained within
due limits --the limits prescribed by, patri
otism,-or'ihat supreme love we owe to
our country, is by nit means to be depre
cuted.. On the contrary. it works safely,
and ensures fidelity and purity in the ad
n:inistratioi of Goyernment ; but when
party fyrgets, or. if not forgetting, actually
disregards the only principles upon which
it can be reconcile. to patriotism, from
-that nomnent,-it loses its essential,' vital
elment, forfeits our esteem, and DEoEar'
RATES INTO NERK FACTtON.
Far be it from us. t' attribute the'sen
timents of GIDDrsos, DAvIs, and others.
to the Whi,.party as. a whole. The fire I
of pairiotisn burns no where more brightly
than in the bosoms of multitudes who call
themselves Whig. Although we claim .
to degas fin and uncompromising in our
Demoicrntc priaciples as an abiding con
victionti iftheir truth can make us, we are
are not tine ofthose who would' arrogate
all the decency, all the respectability, and
all the patriotism to our own party. This
is a species of moral wrong and usurpation,
of which, we hope liever 't be guilty.
We woufd not find fault with the Whigs
fir qutestfning either'the necessity or jus
tice of this war; in a Government like
ours, the utmost freedom of opinion, and
latit ude of discussion are allowable. These
sacred and inalienable rights of freemen,
however. should always be exercised in
strict subserviency to the demands of pat -
rittism. The love anti allegiance we owe
to our country are like those we owe to
our parents. This very love and allegi
once, if they be sincere, woulbt prompt us
to desire that they be not placed itn a wrong
position. We tmight advise. remonstrate,
protest. We might even expostulate, tiul
never, either directly or tidirec:ly, should
we oppose.. As it is , with'.the motrat tie.:
and allegiance which bind it,. su 'ur pa
rentsso it is wit:rite"'idliticl'one which
hind'iti to our country. They are elually
dictated and enjoined by nature. We may
he tratorious to our country, b. 'simply re
fusing to lend that aid which it is in our
power to render, when, from our position.
she requires it at our hands. Treason
canuor, perhapis, ins strict propriety of lan
anage, be predicared of free Governments.
Treaso, in a technical sense. is the high
est and no-t aggravates) form of'soelition.
It is an offence. committed against the se
curity of. the king or kindo't:-as, f-r
exttnple, to compass the death.of ..the
1et .rr~r w t uatusm m:r roi alb
here to his enemies. or give them aid. In
monarchies, such crimes are visited with
the mns signal punishrrEnts, and we can
perceive nn good reason; dthy, even in
free governmets, they should be treated
with less rigor. The word treason im
plies not only ho-rile intentions, but fratd
anI breach f trust, and gerrerally, treache
ry, a word oif the sanie, or a similar origin.
But there is snother, antd - still higher and
more aggravatedl kind of treascon. wi-h'.
because guailty of no direct, or overt act, is
niot, therefore, tlie less criminal. Ott the
ccntrary. by virtue oif its very imapurity. it
is the meore ctcamonus. This is moral trea
son, ancd of'tibi have stuchi ment as Gi
beent gtuiltty. As we said before, part
spirit atnd oppositio:c. w~hen rest ricted
withtin due bounttds. are riot only alta .'a
ble, beut right. They fcbst'r a spirit of
vigtilance in the people, and are am'noii the
miost useful guardinats of' liberty. Ahstract
ly. concsidere'd. they imply merely a con
trariety or ripinion, and so regordedl. they
admit of nieither condemniaciin nur tpraise.
It as not atpposition itself, hut the circutm
stanices untder which it acts, that stamp it
with a'plecuifutr and distinctive charascter.
A llied with faction, it ceases to he lawful,
to lie haarloss, to be pattriotic. ic then
constitutes otne of the groatest of political
evils. anid is the more dantgeras, innis
m-tch as it alwa'.s acts amnd -r thre specious
garb of patrilotism 'rhe opposition to
our, war with Mlexico, so far .as it lias beeti
developed, allordls mnelaticholy evidence
tthac the:ties which bitnd somec, also too
many. to a purtys. are strioger t hati those
that bindi thtem to their count'y ! It is no
long'tr oppositiont-ic is faction,'and dan
gierous factiona. Nor as it necessary, as we
intimated above, that it shoildi resort to
treason sand rebellion. Unfortuntately,
there are but too many ways in which it
cain accomnplisth its fell purpose, without a
resort to violece or commtoetion.
A ractius oppositioni is ever potent foar
evil. ft can counteract the best-directedl
eljrtt. and render the opterarious of thte
Gaveerrmee feteble' and ineffecttnal. There
are tm..des in which we cati afford '-aid
atnd c-omfort" a0 the enemies of oiur co~un -
try wit hout comiiiti an1 overt act of'
treason, -There is treason of thought. ol
sjteech. ofcounisei. of alwsays puttitig our
own couintry itn the wrong, deny ing the
justice of' her cause, pe-rhaps detnoutncing,
its sinfulness, and thus. hy. indisection,
vindic'ating-thtat of her enemies. This is
motral (reason, acid the most tufamous
because it is 'irreponsible. Such is the
tr-eason-of Giddings, Davis, and Gentry.
and such may yet be-the'treason of others.
Fario Campedthy'and'- Tabasco.--Tho
N. 0. Picayune has been placed in pos
session ofa advice's' from Campeachy, to
the 9th uit.,- and f'rom Talhasco, to the 19th
Novemer; by way of Havana. Revolu.
rions appear-teo be the order of the day.
Iin camnpteachiy. a revolutii~ in favor of
independence anti separation from Mexicd
hvid commenced, on the 8th December,
brit the result wvas not knownva. Another
b'ad taken !lace in Tabasco, at the head
af whtch was Signnor Fraconis. It ta le
lievyed that tbn object of' tbis momnt-tctei
,wae aern a'.=nma.atinn, fr.n Mexico. ]
,DG EFI ELD C. ii.
WED.NESDAY, JANU1ART 6. 1F17
RE.MOVAIL:='he Of ice of the ADo'
VER'rISEI. is removed to the no, building
irr rnedinfely in rear ;'of the Court House.
The Senate has confirmed the nomination of
M'r.'B'ancroft as our .Minister to England.
COL. P. AM. BOJTLElt,
This gallant officer, now commanding the
Palmetto Regiment from this State, has been,
flatter-n gly named in various newspapers, as
one eminently qnalified to receive the command
of the Brigade of Volunteers, of which this re
iment will form a part. We do most cordially
concur in the recomnmendations of Col. Butler
alluded to, and express our sincere benef, that
no other gentleman would be more acceptable
to the Volunn teers from South Carolina, and
indeed to the whole South and the State. and
we add that we know. to this district especially.
Col.. Butler is a native of Edgefield, of the pure
blood of the ,Revolution, and has led a life that
has endeared him t. his' counnrymen, illus
trated the patriotism inherited from a' noble
and gallant ancestry, and shewn that he is in
every way admirably'* qualified for the com
mand' in question, and we earnestly trust thlat
it may be bestowed upon him.
The Wecather.-We never experienced war
mner weather for the season, than we did during
the past week' The present winter far mild
ness hats been remarkable. The whole .nonth
of December was uncomtmnly pleasant, and
the first of January was a bright and beautiful
day, but the temperature was .rather too warms
for the season.
W : feel it due to our Coluambiacorrespondlent
to state, that in setting up some of his letters,
our compositor maide several serious blgnders.
In some cases. the sensee was murdered, and
there were omissions, especially in.'the letter
next to the last . It is;searcely necessary now
to point them ont. We hope that the intelli
gent render when he perceived them. made all
due allowance for errors, and corrected them
for himself. We will endeavar to be more
careful in future'*
A TRIP TO CAMP JOHNSON'
On T'hursday lust, we made a visit 'oCamp
Johnson. at which place the .Sonth Carolina
Regiment of Volunteers for the Mexicarr War;
was stationed. This cam was so called iiji
hononnorithiin h-r"o 'Sitate; anisl is
tant abont four or five muiles from H amburg, in
Edg-Geld District. The spot selected, was di
rectly on the road leading from Edgefield Court
Hunse, to Beach Island, in thin District A
portiomn of lane in the wo.ods was cleared fotr
pitching the tents, and they were on the edge
of ant old field, which, served for the parade
gund h iuto a elh n
plesat nean wswlldate fo) hepr
pliW nonedN toDs, thSaRt6 weha etee
RocatoLwew alke Otic tho the tetb
andiepe at eve thin te ee balwdng
imdo. Wel iwerear cooll teCtann Hoome
The Sfnat phrk ahnd othe eiates whe
werbnt aske ur weainiser y bugl n
Thi galn enwcmandirpningi theneaiwe er
Pleetto Reienpte o this reake, aen
didtteran gt manyd tings vario- aneaes ra,
ohe emieniy Regtimednto raceand t-e ommand
oett Brigadnyo Voneers,om of hihthis lte
aren will fbead part. Won mostha thrdat
conc th tOhd rec oys. eos cofidenBtl er
allue topandwiresnever sinfere etego, thnat
otheroc ofntlenwdg o.re ebe
pedto wi tne the foe Sutih rola- n
ided the gime genealy and thei Satend
wnune a the privation this discomeorteiay
Ct.lend a iso a sldtie' ofEefInl the uerno
boof the vthu.iogiment was eieed abyf this
asideaed povmet litheirysipie, iand
gerall~ the patromednheridfom evoble
with prllmtanestr and oren. tAlte hen
paryd wa en.theail'Covliedordresedcth
Rmnt in isin usand eirousstye trus twat
trerb weate Borokesea,o thnw dgeid durnn
the Gpvsto wen~ Th presente canermory ofd
fDeceberi wamsss omthel pffierst, and
dayiutope therture as rther quoarni
We fee itarge toseourg Cofpeincorsfomn
mt. satnd thietrat isetn insoeeot is ters,
o:redinsTe mostd serai erhbioblndhich
lie sawm cae the asion washa ifrterd ad
thrude ent omisomsespeofi the letera'
necetwtretheering. thes scrsof necer vow
tor w.,ith theirut Wmie. p ha h iae
gent oreerinanons he p eivd tenv e gold
dukin aln.aceep forurrselves, adresd tby
Ome miliarsy ids.. Hweverde a soame
:oansoaio. A hc plac cuteySnn aobsrina
as statidal sober eomk, calld's sodcfeor."
We werfte uiaif~iedies andno Is dis
als miste Dititkeeso.slce, a i
Housn each even, itherDigtricg Afth
lleciigt ents, ii-theiry ere oeiico, andgen
oSatrai old fiel wich-as srudfo therdes
plearsntion,n we unerstd wfor ePaint
tiuah pros o wihltws eete.A
., j.Excellency Goverunor.Johnson,ander the
mecent Act of the Legislature "prescribing the
mode of electing Tax Collector," has appoint
ed theAlon. Henry L. Pinckney to hold the or
gee o' Tax Collecto' of the Parishes of St.
Philip and St. Michael, until the second Mon.
day in October next.
The Hon. John. . Calhoun has been pro
posed as a candidatefor 'residgnt, in an able
letter by the Hon. Elwood Fisher. late demo
cratic Senator from Hamilton county, Ohio.
South Carolina Volunteers.-The follow ing,
we believe. are a complete return of the field
and staff efficers of thePaltnetIto$g ment:
Pierce M. Butler, Color el; J. P. Dickinson,
Lieut. Col.; A. H. Gladdbn'Mjr;ifies
Cantey, Adjutant; S. Sumter, Sergt. Major;
W. C. Minragne. "Ass:"hasteM ter; tMx
ander R. Montgomery, 'Qnr~te Masil Set
geant; James D Blaiidiag Aesia't dCo -inn
sary; and W. Hyllested, Commissary Sergt,
Dr. William.L. iReyold f jarail,,Ja
been appointed Chief .Surgeon. and Dr. Da.
vis of Columbia, and E. Bland of.Edguield, -
Assistant Surgeons of the Sot Cahirollseg.
ament of Volunteers. The appoinatinentu 1ve
been sent on to Washington. for con iiatn,
of whoa there can be no doubt.
Rocket and Howitzer Comspay.-A r.pd.
ny for Rocket and Howitierseee'ieU Maico
arrived at Baltimore from Phi!adelpJ unia h
25th ult. It is fully organized, -aoncopsist.ao
92 picked. able t.odied, young men undr'the
-command of. Capt. Talcott of the- U St ea s
Reward to the Brave.-Patrick-Kelly,-the
teamster of the lamented Ringold vsho iad
his arm shot off at the battle of aloAili8ter
the term of his enlisument had expiredbas, by
a bill passed by the House of Representatves,
been placed upon the pension list. .. "
War Afairs.-A correspondent of the.1.Y. .
Journal of Commerce writes.from Waslington
on the 25th December, that "the Administra
tion have just determined to call outbo-more
volunteers, but to propose the enlistment-ofteti
regiments of regulars to serve during the wahr;
and to be commanded by officers appointedby
the Exeentive, and to be st bjectto the uiticl&
of war. Three Brigadier Geierals'anNi a
jor General will also be provided for i
For immediate use new regi ents could not
be available.-they could not be organized.be.
fore the Spring. Such a measure last'-May
would have been an immense saving.
The Post Master General has issued a,circu
lar to Deputy Post afasters, directing thematd
remove the wrappers from all transient aes
papers, printed circulars, prices current, pam
phlets, and, magazines received t theia re
spective offices, and if found to codlain any.
manuscript or memorandum . anykind, eith.
er written or stamped., or any marl gns
except the, name and addraqas
whouiitris'directed, shall refuse 'to '& fyind
postage. the Post MI aster is tosend it to the
fice from whence it ctme: and hav ieoen
der prosecuted for the pealty of $5.,, The
name of the se '^r written or stamped on the
wrapper or a newspnper, subjects-him to the
saite penaly. .
Robbing the Dyail.-W illiamn H. Wiener, af
clerk in the post office at Point Jarvis, New
York has been larrested on the- charge -of ab
etructing large aumi9 of money from the mail.
Telegraph to Newo Orleans.-A cotmpanyhas
bteetn formed forthe purpose of constructing a
Telegraphic'.conmmiication between Wash
ington and New Orleans, via Rich'non'd; Chsi
leston and Stobile, and a gentlenien di Ne..
Orleans is now in Philadelphia, for the purpose
of obtaining subscription to the stock. anad hay
ing the wvork cointnenced at once.
Fromt the Charleston Evening'. Newos.
GOV. JOHNSON'S' A DRiESS.
drtess was ~delivered by Governor Johnson
te th:' Palmetto Regient of South: Cnro
linn' Volumn.eers, on~ Friday the 22d ult.,
when they wecre reviewee4 by him :
Brother QIlcers ankt fellowo Citizens Sol
Duty ro our' country is ranked amongst
the first of mot al obligation. To triumph,
or to suffer and bleed in defence of her
rights is equally a crown of glory to the
soldier. A proper sense of this has brought
you htere, at the call of our common coup
try. You go volhintarily to fight her batIles
in a foreign land, and the prayers and lels.
sings of the State attend you. Rememflr
thai South Carolina looks to you io.sn'snin
her honor in the field,-.and the promptness
wvith which you have volunte'ered for th'is
service gives assurance that ahe will not
be disappointed. Allow me' a word of
parting advice. Irn the field toelichyjou
go. you will be associate'd'ailibrethie in
arms from every seeii: of tiese united
States, engaged in the same comm~on
cause,-remember that the strength of ti
army consists mainly in concei-t of action
and mutual confidence betwen officers and
men, and soldier and soldier. Stulier
therefore no jealousies to enteriti'o your
intercoturse with them. Rival them only
in the protmpt discharge of the duties yon
owe to our country. Obey implicitly (ie
orders of your superiors, and eulisate
among yourselves not merely'a totang1
but sincere brotherly regard,-and let yotr
hand he ever ready to sustain a fellow sof- .
dhier whetn he is in peril in a just chne
Respect personal and' private righti,;'and
you cantnot be otherwise than ho-fored.
To you, gentlemen officers, is c'nidccd
he command of these gallant..men.. I
know you will discharge that difili
fidelity andl ability,-an'if'thestrife'm~ust
come,1. see now in the prospective (l.io
Patlmetto B-anner floating triumphantuly
nver the storm of' War. Go,-beid" the
God of B'attles be with yobu.
Brigadier General of' the.Sothern,,i
vision. -Names have been brought before
the public (or this distinguished post.
which we believe, hagve been eaouttced
withont authority. Thea public mind is