Newspaper Page Text
LATER FROM THE ARC] Y.
Repotted capture of a portion of uol. May's
comnand. bay .t body of Mericaris.
Mrxican force in the fielf! now r'stimated
at 50.000 Men-apprehended atack on
The brig Georgian, Capt. Crisman. ar=
'rived 3esterd-ry morning, having left Tam
pico on the 14th inst. The verbal news
she brought was alarming, it being to the
effect that Santa Anna had placed himself
between Gen. Taylor and Gen. Worth
with25.000 inen,and that a general action
waslttmedtately expected. All this is an
eniggeraIion. W- believe the authentic
facts to he as follows:
Col. Kinney arrived at Tampico on the
12th inst direct f(om Victoria. He entered
that town with Gen. Q Litman on the
evening of the 9th inst., and not on the7th
as we said in an extra sent off yesterday.
Gen. Quitman idrove the enemy before
him for the last thirty or forty miles before
getting to Victoria. The Mexicans were
reluctant to give up the place. As (en.
Quitman: entered the town the Mexicans
wero goiig out on the other side. Gen.
Quitnan had no cavalry & could not par
'sue them. Col. K.tsoeaks in the warmest
terms of the prompt and soldiery conduct
of this officer. -
Col. Kinney parted from Gen.. Taylor
ot Mo ant Morales and puibed on with
Gen. Quitman toVietoria. From thence
he mane his way, almost alone, to Tam
pico, taking Sota In Marina in his route.
accomplishing a distance of nearly 250
miles in three days, an narrowly - scapsing
frort the advanced parties of the M :xtcaus
on several occasions. He spent a p irt of
a ntgatt at the old rancbo of Croix, where
Sanchez was stationed with twenty dra
goons; yet in the morning he contrived to
give him the slip. He also succeeded ii
evading Romano Falcon, the man whn is
reputed to have killed Colonel Cross. At
Sota I:s Marina he found a company of
sixty rancheros. He'rode at once to the
aicade. boldly 1,11 him that Gen. Taylor
had sent hirri on r! few hours in advance
to prepare supplies, and by this ruse made
out to come ollsafely-the rancheros at
once dispersing. The services this offi
cer has rendered since the Mexican war'
broke dut have been invaluable. He has
ridden thb'sands and thousands of miles
through the country almost alone, his
favorite servant .Catalino has been killed,
2 ie has been himself beset and attacked
time and tagain; yet by his superior riding
by his koowled;e of the Spanish lang
uage, by his promptness and courage. he t
has so far succeeded in escaping. Such
services as be hip rendered the country
surely will not be allowedeto go unrewar- i
ded-but to the news brought by this ar
We have no reason to suppose the Gens'
Butler and Worth have moved from Sal
tillo, as was reported in town jesterday
morning. We believe them. together with
den. Wool, to -have been still there or in
the vicinity as late as the 1st inst. with ate
leit 6000 troops, ais -e farther beliee
that a division of the.Mexican armv. was
not far off, watching our movements ac'd
ready to take advantage of any favorable
opportunity which circumstances may af
ford. It may be,. and this opinion is en
tertained by the officers in the army high
i rank, that.the Mexican soldiers seen in
the neighborhood of Saltillo are advanced
pfarties of a force of some 1500 or 2000 I
rnen, kept in positin on this side of the
desert, bet ween Saltitlo and San Luis, toI
destroy the water tarnks in case the Amer- "
ican army should niove in force in direc
~ion of the latter crty. This view of the !'
case precludes the idea of a serious attack "
fipon Gen. Wool or Worth, the object of 'q
the Mexicans only being to keep a watch d
upon the American forces, to retreat be- n
fore any advance, and cut off the supplies si
of water as far southb as the opera'ions of
our army mtry make is advisable to do so.
That the troops spoken' of as tirreatening b
Saltillo,- are scouiting parties of this corps
of observation is confidently believed by
officers of experience and discretiont- Ii
though others, whose opinions si~e per-~ a
haps-equally entitled to renpect, regard the g
movenient of the enelny in a more serious d
light. The report brought by Col. Kin- ~
ney to Tampico, to the effect that 15,0)00 '
Mexicans were to attack Saltillo otn the A
27th oit., is but the rumor which has 0
reached here by the way of Matamoros;
and which our correspostdent "Alto" spoke e
of in a letter we published last Tuesdlay, n
Col. 1t. heard the rumor at Monte Mo. ri
rales,. probably,, and had-no op~portt-nit y to e
leard the edgJel of the anticipated attack.v
There is litle d'oubt, as we learn frotm 0
private letters; t hat there was a large M'exi- t.
can. force-probably tmostly cavalry-at t
Tula at .ast dates, all under comma'nd of a
Gen. Valencia. Gens. Ur-rea, Rotmero,
Fernandez-aod others are also reported to ,
he itn the vicinity. It may be recollected
that our last accounts from- the city of I
Mexico represented Valencia as on' his
march to Tula. a
From a correspotndent at Tampico we fo
Ibarn that on the 1st ofJanuary Gest. Tay- ci
Ior sent forward Col. May. of the Dra
goons, to examine the mountain pass be- -in
tween- Monte Morales and Labradores. t
~)this return from Labradsores he took t
-ther pass leading. to Linares and was
- .ted lby a large body of the enemy
rear guard-cut off. This was ef.
-*v rolling stones into the pass, ra
- searcely wide enough for a of
- -. -:san' ilby musnnged- to get sn
' mqiu bndy and reached a us
c as enabled to dismount t
- A sscc'fr of the rear guard,gs
-- u Ioo 6w. as tne etnemiy haud re
.u ta their prize. As onse time N
a inr passage of the gorge the dtra
ens woauld have been at she snercy of of
nue enemy had the latter discharged their de
eteces with any accuracy ; for the position thb
tbey occupied was directly over the heads lift
of our troops. We cannot ascertain Col. islc
May's loss, or whether lie had any men ye
killed or not.
At the present time, there can be no
doubt, Gens. Taylor, Twiggs, Patterson, to
anid'Pillow, are at Victoria, and with a hur
large force. H ad Gen Taylor but a pansy "I
of fi'e hundred'Texan Ringers with him, on
their services; with the enemy's cavalry foal
banging about him -in 'almost everydirees takt
fin. wowid be invalnnble. t
TAMPTCO; Jan. 101847.
Gentlemen.-An eipedition, .consisti
orfivee companies of the regulars and flv
of the Alabama regiment, is ordered it
report for a march of 3. P. M., to-day i
has been in preparation for several day
and is destined for a descent upon Tuspat
General Shields will command in person
We have it reported that'therea thousant
at Tuspan, but I presume it will be a
-'vini. vtdi. vici," affair. Our General i:
a netn of great energy, and since he hat
been here has instituted many projects
and reform' that will-be advantageous.
You know Judd-Lieut. Judd; he has
just returned from a scout to Altamara
where he % ent with fifteen men for th<
purpose of obtaining a number of mules
that were needed for transportation of the
stores of the Tuspan expedition. He
called on the alcade, ap-ilogizing for the
interruption of his slumbers, but said he
must have some mules. The alcade made
a long face and a long paper. Judd told
him that he did't want the paper-he
wanted the muies, and hinted to the gen
tleman to vamos around and let them he
Forth-coming. He succeeded in getting
some seventy of them and left the town
with flying colors. Rather better succes
than the former party had who went to
Altamara after the Mexican officer.
Yours, truly, B. A.
TAMPICO, Jan 12.
Gentlemen-Orders and counterorders,
Col. Kinney, of Corpus Christi, arrived
this m rrai .t with dtspatches from Gen.
Taylor--h- left Victoria on the evening of
the 9th inst., havint ridden over 200 miles
in taree days. ie was attended a portion
o' th. way by four dragoons. and cane
through with only two attendants. Gen.
Shaitildi rteeiv.-s orders from Gen. Taylor
to suspend operations for 'the present.
The capture of Tampico, according to
Col. K has created the greatest excite
ment tltroutghut the country. Gen. But
ler, wittt Geus. Wor'h any Wool and 8000
men-considered the flower of the army
were at Saltillo. A Mexican force of 15,
000 was reported on its way to att ack them
and our men hal taken position outside
in anticipation, as the town was incapable
of fortification, The engagement should
bave taken place on the 27th ult., and
Col. Kinney !speaks confidently of our
success. The war seems to be commen
:ing in earnest. You may rely upon the
accuracy of Col. K's opinion ofthe strength
sf the enemy. Ile is perfectly tuformed,
by.Mexicans throughout the country in
iis pay, and I believe is better acquainted
with them than any person In the country.
His account of his ride from Victoria is
ich in hair breadth escapes and- masterly
tratagems. Ileiays that he knows the
1lexicans better than they know them
elves,.and I thmnk has given proof of it.
Aens. Taylor and Patterson are at
:toria with 6000 men awaiting orders
rom Gen. Scott. It is not supposed that
any movement will be made against Sun
juii Potosi. It is pronontnced the s'rong
st fortified post in all Mexico. and Santa
Loon has said that~the man takes it is
welcome to the capital. I believe that a
hange-fwarfarewgiltake- piso o-G f
icot's assuming the -conmand.-The
mountaius will b: retained and Vera Cruz
ubjectel by a land -at'ack-then ho ! for
lexico ! . But you are doubtless better
afurmed of the plans of our government
bau ourselves. At all events there yet
emai,,s every thing to be done.
I have g.ven you Col. Kinne5's ideas of
he state of war and force of the enemy;
our readers know the man a nd I have
je informa~ioo fromn him direct, 50,000
ten looks like a largo number, butt i' is
ot asserted thtat they are all regular
-'ops. An army of sucht a natutre as theirs
quickly raised upon its own soil, and as
uickly fulls to pieces, but it is very evi
ant that the utmost energy of which the
ation is capable is arotised to the ncces
ty of checking our advance.
I believe I have not gr-owled about the
tail for 241 hours, thte fact is that we are
ecoming resigned to our late.
iIhaste yours, B. A.
WVe have receivedl letters from Tam pico
the 12th inst., one day later than the
bove, but they contaitn no later intelli
ence of importance. One of the let ters
seribes, in glowing terms, the improve
lent which has taken place at Tamnpico,
'ithin thte last two mtonths-sluce the
mericans have had possession. Instead
the harsh blasts of the trumpet, the
trill notes of the fife, and the deep rools
the druma anitouncing some new pro.
unciamaento, and instead of thte groups of
ugged leperos hanging abotut, and the gen
al stagnastion andl inactivity whlich per.
ailed, nowv all is bustle and life.-Puffs
steam are heard instead of the trumpet
te thrill whistle of the hardy teamster
stead of the fire, and every thing dentotes
new and better order of things.
Important front Mexico.-T he .New
ork Sun, of the 23d, has received the
test dates from Mexico by the way of
avana-They confirmi the statement
at tlte Mexican Congress had rejected
I the manyfovertures of onr government
rpeace. Ant exptess had arrived at the
ty of Mexico, from Santa Anna, de
anding 8,000,000 of dollars; antd declar- i
g that if lie did not receive it, the coun- -
would be inevitably losti r
itnconsequentce of thtis demand', the !
ingress went into secret session; and a r
ueral confiscation~of church property ,t~
is contemplated, for the porp~ose of' d
Ising the necessaty funds. The clergy, I C
course, were violenttly opposed to any|
eh measure; iand were threatening tor
the spiritual arms of the chturcht inn
tir defence, and to excommnunicate thte JC
vernment, the congress and the' army,e
it Sauta Anna at the head.-Eaening "
Death of Judge Davis.-T o the na mes'f
Pielkering and. Story, in the list of the e~
id antd inimaortal,iy nowv he added a
it of rohn D~avis, L. L. D., wvho de par ted n
very suddenly this morning at his res- tli
nec itn Miltont Place. He was for many tit
irs Judge of the U s. District Court. tit
.Bosto.n Trane. .Thursday. bt
Vew.-A reverend gentleman reading m~
uts conagregationa the passage of scrip, tim
i, "1 am that I am," after pronouncing shi
am." in a fit of absence of mind, turned th
r, and went on, "an ass a coalti the ca
of an ass"-when discovering his mi~s-'
:, he-rather hastily' turned ' backi and 't
Li-nmd, "that I amv"
From Correspondence of the Charlegon
WASHINGTON, Jan 19, ,847$
Mr. Sevier, from the Cominite .on
Foreign Relations, reported a bill .sirni
t lar to that of last session) apprgpriating
.$2.000,000- to enable the President to
i bring the war to a conclusion. Mr.. S.
ga"e notice that he should ask the.consid
I eration of the bill at an early day.
Mr. Benton, from the Commi ee on
Mii:ary Affairs, reported the Arne Bill,
with an amendment providing forasgrant
of 760 acres of land to all who4 lIr6 ol
unteer for 12 months, or duringtlie ar,
and who shall serve 12 nianthbx iiless
killed or disabled in service, and also ren
dering the lands inallienable previos'l to
the issuing of the patent, and post tiing
the issue of the patent until eeve ,ears
after the land is ldcated. "
Mr. Berrien called attention to -he fact,
that the instructions directed Officers of
Volumeers to be included, while the bill
made no provision for them. He there:
fore moved an amendment so as to include
the Officers of Volunteers.
Hereupon Mr. Benton and Mr. Berrien
had a debate all to themselves; each
speaking about half a dozen times-Mr.
Benton rough and little respectful in his
replies, while Mr. Herrien was civil and
Mr. Crittenden and Mr. Badger made
some remarks in explanation of their
views, both being members of the Com
nittee on Military Affairs, the former not
being in favor of granting the laddi to the
Oflicers, and ti-e latter in favor of it.
After some further remarks from Mes
! srs. Berrien and Bemon, Mr:- Calhonn
asked for the reading of the instructions to
They were again read.
Mr. Calhoun said he was not 'a favor
of the amnendment now proposed, rand he
doubted very much whether heshould be
able to bring himself to vote for any such
provision for granting bounty lands.
They had bad a good deal of experience
on this subject, and the result of, that ex
perience was, that it was the very worst
mode, both for the Treasury and for the
soldiers and volunteers for whose benefit
it was intended. But he rose to say that
in his humble opinion, it was due to the
mover of this proposition-it was due to
the authority of the Senate itself that the
amendment sh:uld be put in, so that'the
bill should staud precisely where it would
have stood if the members of the commit
tee had recollected that there bid been
such .instructions. He was disposed to
throw no censure upon the coimittee ;
there were a great many amendments
moved, and it was not extraordinary the'
this particelar matter should have !:.xu
overlooked. But, most undoubtedir, if
the committee had knowtn there were
such instructions, and omitted to put thet
in, it would be an act of the.deepest dis
respect to the Senate. Under this imnpres.
sion, though upposed .tb the prtposition,
he, fot one, should give his decided vote
to'put the amnad-neat where t wedld
have been if the conimtittee bad reinem
bered the instructions:
11r.Bno onon~e:ifil ofnO
py'risiont wooid" esoc:-nd a ptr rtfiebill
by-the act of the Senate, and could not he
again dissented from. The proper mode,
he thought,.vould be to send it. back to
tbe coiittee, and he now m'dde that
Mr. Calhoun said he was not in the habit
of doing any thing without reflection.
HeI- might have been mistaken as to the
stage in which this-bill .wass tnow. But
be had spoketn under the impression that
it ,was befojre the Senate as incomminee
of the whole ; if so, an amendment could
be inserted, and the Senate. would hasve an
opportunity to strike out the amendment ;
oir, at least, to record its vute upon it wherr
he bill was taken Out of the commttee.
Is was a point, however, which -h snover
:ould yield, that the bill should be made
to conform to the instructions given to the
SMr. Benton. The Senator from Souath 1
Darolinta makes it a questin of revolt-a<
pjestion of revolt, sir, of disobedience toi
he Setite; ol rebellion, for which the
:ommnittee is to be reprimanded by the
Senate. Are we children building cob-a
iouses ? is this Senate by a grave vote,i
o putiti an atnendmetm, and immediately
nock it out?' And that for thse purposer
f showing the committee' that the Senate I
vilt make themr obey ? For that is ther
;round upon wh~:ich the Senator p~uts it
f disobedience., revolt, of disrespect ; atndt
t is in this way that the Senate is to chide
he commitee, like children putting chips I
spon one another's bead and knocking t
hem of. The appropriate motion ik to a
einstruct thte committee. I move to re- lb
ornmit the instruction, and in the mean- e
ime, sir, Isny again that the comnminee a
icted' like men of business. .
Mr. Calhoun. I am not apt to be exci-l
ed or to be puerile. There is .no ptueril- V
ty about it ; there is no accusation of re- b
rolt. The majority of the committee
hemselves sistaitded him in the view he il
ook. But it wa the Senator from Mis- 0
ouri himself who set up .the authority of s
be committee, and justified his disobedi
nee to the instructions of the Senate.- n
he Senator hitnself siemed to take the
esponsibility. I only said that if the die. p
bedience was ibtentinnal, it was a dis- p
tspect to the Sernate. I only claim nowv n)
1at we should do what would have been ci
one if the committee had not made an te
versight. This is due to the Sena te. tI
.3lr. Benton denied that there was any ul
volt on the part of the committee, and'
aintained that the Senator from South m
'arolina was nnt justified in chorgidlg the pt
)mmittee with an act of disrespect to. th
ards the Sena:e. He took the whole fo
pon himself; and he was- astonished to .ti
id, having for seven aiwenty years die- in
targed thse duties appertaining to him as se
public ri with diligencee, that he was
>w, for the first time, arraigned before wl
e world for neglecting the business of thi
e Senate; and it w"as brouight to a ques- the
mn by yeas a d nays whether he should or
cbastised. He had mnoved to recoin nit
it the inastructiotns, and upon that mo- of~
n he asked the. yeas and nays. He pa
ould also ask the yeas and nays upoa th:
C gentlematn's pfoposition ; and if it were
rried, and the amendmeut pat imh,'he ?
mId ask'the yeas and trays ou striking
Mr. Cnlhonnsi hatn as-.the Seator' to
had himself agreed to do the thing whic
he desired should he done, though by
more circuitous mode, he should vote fn
Mr. Mangum said he regretted to se
any sensibility upon this subject on th
part of any Senators. He could see n
occasion for it. He could not see tha
any itputa;ion was designed to be cas
upon the chairman of the committee, o
upon the. committee itself. The matte
had merely escaped their recollection.
He supposed, if their attention had bee
drawn to it, they would have felt them
selves bound to conform to the instrue
tious. Every Senator knew how the bu
siness had been pressed to get this ques
lion disposed of,-to get a final vote upor
it. lie would vote against the recommit
ment, and as at present advised, he shook
vote against the proposition out hnd out.
Mr. Butler said he was nut familiar with:
the parliamentary practice. Ho merely
rose to inquire if it were necessary, in or
der to introduce the amendment proposed
by the Senator from Georgia, that the bill
should he recommitted I He thought the
subject had tindrrgone as full discussion as
if the bili had contained the provision it
the first instance. He thought that this
amendment ought to have stood entirely
upon its own merits, and that the passage
of the army bill ought not to be delayed
by attaching to it this subject. As his
views differed from those of the Senator
from Georgia on this subject, he would
give his reasons for the course he tool.
The great object of giving bounty lands to
the soldiers was to encourage enlistments.
lie was wiling that it should be given to
them, provided it was sufficiently guar
ded ; but he was unwilling to offer to ma
jor generals, brigadier generals, and com
manders of the army, the same sort of
bounty which was given to the common
soldier. Tney would not thank them for
any such bounty. He would vote against
the motion to recommit the bill, or to in.
sert the amendment.
Mr. Benton said he should vote against
it also; but he made the motion, for he
felt hound to make it after wnat had taken
place in the Senate. He hoped be should
have an opportunity of showing himself
both industrious and subordinate.
Mr. Westcott also opposed the re-com
mitment as tending to delay, fur which
reason, he also opposed the re commit
mont with instrucriouns, as ho foresaw that
whatever amendmnt was proposed by
the Committee, ot'ier,gentlemen would
still have their own views, and propose
still further to atneud.
The motirn to re-commit was lost.
N1r. j-rriers modified hit amendnenIt so
a' it r.-td the "U:lier if Volunteer Com
naiice," thus e. ciuding :iu Fa Ofli
Mr. Wcbs;er enineided with Mr. Butler
hat these bounty lands should not be
iven :o the Oflicers. lie also opposed
he provisiun against the alienation of
Tue vote beig taken, resulted ayes 26.
The Vice Presid.'nt voted in the nega
ive, and ties nendnient was lost.
iving'!land'warrants" for 1if) acres, in
stead of the laud, so as to get rid of the
on alienation clatse.
The amend ment was discussed by Mes
re. Corwirr, llantingtot, Rev. Johuson,
Woodbridtie and Benton.
Mr. Corwin (such a course being sug
ested by Mr. llatnegano and others) moi
ed the postponmenet of the subject, a.d
hat the amendmnonts he printed.
ilr. Ilanegn oJposed the printing or
djournitig without action on the hill.
Th'Ie motion to piostpione was ltst-ayes
2, oes 28.
Mr. Hainnegans moved that the Senate
djourn. A yes 3%, uocs 18.
-WASIIIYGoo, Jan. 19,.1847.
rThe toni regiments bill is not yet passed
my the Seniate. It was reported back by
dr. Bienton from the Military Committee,
vith atn amendmnent, gratiting botunty
ands of 160 acres, which you will find
lescrib'ed in your report of the proceed
Mr. Benton is acting out in the Senaie
very cxtraordintary ctonceir. He has as
umed the hearing oh a master, s'hose
rord is law, and to cotratdict whom, is a
urt of aomestic treason. Such a deport.
oettis little favorabile to the growth of
is influence-as the Senate has no great
averence for dogmatism, and has never
skeni the oath of allegiance to Mr. Ben
Ini respect to this bounty land system,
e seems to have proceeded throughout on
e idea, th-at if he co-uld not appropriate
il the cretdit of the movemenit andJ plan to
imself, he would do his best to defeat the
nd proposed. Thus far he has failed in
II his effrts, and has beetn repeatedly and
mphatically told, so far as the action at
te Senate could tell him, that that body
'ould not allowv him to ride over that
ody rough shod.
it is rumored that a recommendation to
icrease the rates of duty levied by some
r the schedules in the tariff of 1846, will
>Onl be made.
Thiscourse, it is said, will be adopted
ith a two-fold view.
First, it will affrdl an opportunity of
tying the price de'mant.ted. for the sup
)rt of the New Yorkers anid Penosylva-|
ans, who require shat the protective prin-.
pie should be restored for their main in
rests, and do not care if they get it underi
e guise of an increase of duty for reven
purposes, so long as they get it. I
Secoindly, it is suipposed that the Sotuth I
uist either' vote for these increased and
otective duties, or either be placed in
e position of refusing to vote suppliest
the prosecution of the war. Theyt
ink ibat thus the South will be coerced i
to support of this cunnitigly devised
beme to restore the protective policy. e
Will these schemes succeed? And'
iat course can be pursued to prevent
air success ? Will the prosecution of
war to ever so glorious a termination l
to the acqisition if ever so muchi ten
ory, comptensate for the abandoinent
a policy which it has taken so mtuch h
ins and laboraid-troubile to establish, as "
tt of the Tariffof 18461?
'orrespondenie of the Chars. Courier. ji
Wassitio-rord, January 20. f.
I'ho three miillion bill was to-day repor- v
inithe Houme bhe Mlr..( Igrsorl.nit
It is similar in its object and provisions i
a the bill yesterday reported in the Sedate
r I presume that the Senate will first ac
upon the bill. The anti-slavery proviso
a if opposed, will not succeed in that body
But there is some question, as I learn
whether the bill will be passed by the
t Senate. The Pre.ident has given. hi
t opinion very strongly in favor of the pro
r ject, and it would deem to be proper ti
r place in him the same confidence that, un
- der somewhat similar circumstances, was
i placed in Mr. Jefferson. If the Presiden
should be able to make a peace, through
- the means proposed, all parties and the
whole country will hail it as preferable to
the most triumphant war. If he shoul<
t not succeed, the money, as we are bount
to believe, will not be raised. There is a
I great difficulty to be overcome in the
House, if that body should insist upon the
proviso called Wilmot's. The bill canno
pass the Senate with that proviso, anc
hardly without it.
The House passed the Indian Appropri
ation bill to-day and took up the Navy
Approprintion bill in Committee of the
Whole, which gave Mr. Culver, of N. Y.,
the abolitionist, an opportunity to make
a speed ' .I1 otevery thing not relating to
the subject. Ultra views of public affairs
are now tolerated in the House to any ex
tent. When they become very extrava
gant, they meet with ridicule or contenip.
The great labor of the Senate, for some
days, has been to frame a system- of land
bounties for the soldiers, both regular and
volunteer. After a long debate today,
Mr. Corwin's project was adopted. It
gives the land bounty to the non-commis
sioned officers and privates at the end 9or
the war, without the restrictions prdpccid
by the Committee on Military Affairs.
Mr. lannegan moved an amendment pmo.
viding for the appointment of a Chaplain
to each Regiment. The Senate adjourn
ed without taking the question.
The credimors of Texas are making ur
gent applications to Congress for the as
sumption by the Government of the Texas
The Texan Legislature will, it is sup
posed, soon make some proposition to
Congress on this subject.
The Committee on Ways and Means
reported in the House to-day the Appro
priation Bill for the Navy and the Mili
The Treasury Note and Loan Bill has
been made the order in the House for to
morrow, and every succeeding day till it
be disposed of. The bill will pass on Sat.
urday. The Government cannot get along
another month without the use of the
Treasury notes proposed by this bill.
It was mentioned this morning, that one
of the members of the Commi:tee of Mil
itary Affiirs of the Senate had stated, as
the result of the conference hetween the
Military Cunmi'tees of both Ho uses and
the Secretary of War, that very strong
measures would be i;nmnediately proposed
in reference to the prosecution of'the
M1exican war. Congress is undoubtedly
disposed tosecond any measures that may
benaum ended by 1Ja.oour iva rathe
purpose of :oncrudingAthe. war. There
does not seem to have beet), s-.- far, dny
settled plan in regard to operntion for the
next spring. Some sary that a fo'rce is to
be marched to San L-uis- and others say
not. There is no' doubt that Vera Cruz
and the Castle are to be taker., if we can
scud thith,-r an elflicient force by the teid
dIe of A pril.
Commnodore Perry's plan ,for conduct
ing the war is similar to that proposed by
Genecral Taylor in his famous private let
ter of November 9th.
The views of these experiencell and
practical ollicers coincide also wvith the
opinions of many members of Congress,
and of many of the public journals. Tu
take and fortify the line- from Saltillo to
the Pacific, and fr-om Saltillo and Mon te
rey to) Tampico, by the Sierra M adre, and
to take po-ssession of the Mexican ports
and establish Custom Houses, and collect
such duties on imports and ex-ports- as we
may regnire, will give us all the benefit of
a treaty of peace and will enable us to de
rive from Mexico a revenue adequate to
the cost oif the naval, military and civil
establishment which shall be compelled to
keep up on her account.
The obijection to this plan is that all
along the line established by us, and in
every town that we hold, there will be a,
perpetual confliet bet ween the MexicansI
abd the Americans, and that murder and
rapline will prev ail in spite of all the ex
ertions of our anthorities. Trhe Mexicans
will lose no opportunity of robbing and
assassinating, and the Americatis will not
wait for leisure to retaliate. Such a state
of things will be hazardous and inhuman,
but it mnsy be prefera ble to marchiuig large
armies into the interior of Mexico, which
will certainly be attended with great ex
pense and blood and treasure, and may
not after all secure a peace.
Correspondence Charleston Courier.
\VA5HINGTON, January 25.
The greatest agitation and uncertainty
exist in regard to the management of the
war and the state of the finances. The I
eenference between the Military Commit
ee and the Secretary may lead to some
proper conclusions and acts in regard to I
lie war ; but there appears to be no cure .
or the entire depletion and exhaustion of
ho Treasury which it has created, andI
s likely to create. It is said bty some.t bat
ea atnd colTeo dutty will he again tried in
lie House. Others insist that the Secre
ary of the Treasury tmust still agree to, s
tropose an i.acreased rate of duty on all
he articles now dutiable. Bat the Secre. "
ary has fully committed himself ag-ainst a
hie latter proposition, by giving the opin. c
,n that it would not increase the revenue. *
Mr. Benton obtained leave to tmake ait
xpose upon the subject of the course of ~
he President in regard to the Lieut. Gen
ralship. Mr. IBenton's remarks were
eritten, and you will fitid them in ihe pa- 1
ers. Mr. Benton's purpose was to vin g
icate the President and himself. You I
rill see that the President, last Septem- E
er, oft'ered him the Mission to France, d
'hih lie ineclined. In Noveinber, Mr. b
emton called upon- the Presidenit, who tl
sked Mr. B's. advice as to the conduct of tl
te war. Br. Bentnn, as Chairman of tho 'Il
ommittee on Military Affairs, gave his ha
ews in writing. He proposed, it seems,
at thmte should'be ta head of-the urmv. in k
I order that the movements shouldiie. har
mouious. ie proposed that a cominIssiou
should attend the army to tender negociti
,ion. lie was for no lingering war, no
"masterly inactivity." The plan war'
founded on a k'nowledge- of 1exico and
tht lexicans. The purpose was. concili
r atinn, or vigorous war.
It is believed that the projebt of crea.,
iting'the ofiice of Lieut. General will be
again brought up.
The Treasury note and Loan bill wis
taken up by the casting vote of 1he- Vice
President, against the views of'Mr. Cal
houn, Mr. Cameron, Air. Niles, and M
Evans, who protested against the consid
eration of so importapt a measure, Without -
having time to exam ne it. It was orged
that the total exhaustion of the Treasary
rendered the immediate. passage of the
bill a matter of stern necessity. It.was
asked how such a necessity had arisen
why had not this measuro been brought ford
ward at the very beginning of the session?.
Mr Calhoun was sorry to learn .thatthe
Treasury was in so embarrassed a silua..
tion, and he wished to see measure adop
ted to relieve it. Ile had not seen the biill
till to day. He made it a rule not to con
sider the House bills, till they came before
the Senate. He wished one day to con
The hill being taken up, very earnest
and able speeches were made against it,
as a financial bill, by Mr. Evans, Mr.
Cameron, and Mr. Niles and others, who
declared i!iat it was utterly inadequate to
the fnancial wants of the Treasury fore
the war. They cniended that it would
lay the foundation of a government bank;
that the notes would be soon -below par,
that the loan could not be procured, that
the issue of Treasury notes at a discoant
would be the immediate result, that an
inflation of the currency would follow, i
Gue, that the goveruntent must increase
the revenue by increasing the rate of du ^
tied. If the war continued, as it n
new loani must be authorized at- 16
ginning of the next session, and the pros
pect of them would 'prevernt capitalists
from investing their funds in this.
No decision was made on the subject'hy
the Senate. The discussion will be contin
ued to morrow. The bill will pass almost '
The Texas Capt. Walker, a very fop.
ular and worthy.man by the w ay,.sUcceeps
well in recruiting -here. He will leave
with his new recruits of mounted riflemen
un-the first of Febuary, to join his regi
ment. I think Congress will grant him
what the Secretary has no power to do,
the improved rifles and saddles for that
regiment. ii has already obtained the
supply ofCult's revolvers that hegs sdhor..
Correspondence of the Evening A;'
The P ut told fertaiu e
Congress -Ssterday, that he will, un r
no circumstances, call an extra sessions
and if Congress chose to adjourn without
furnishin the neans for cavryiirgson The
war, upuorithem nrusrrest tire responsibil
t i is saidl rat tie Military Committee
has been la~ed,.:int possession of evidence
Ofom the Wei Department to shgthat
the complaints of Gen. Taylor aresiti
From the Correspondence of the Courtier
SyAsaS voGTON, Jan. 26.
The Treasury Note and Loan Bill was,
after some debate, amended' in one i'
portant particular, and was ordered to be
etigrossed for a third- reading.
.1''he amendmient-is.a proviso, added to
the fourth section, that the notes shall na
be hypothecated or pledged, or exchange I,
for a less sum tihan the amount of the
th~e principal, and the interest due on
them. The atmendment though agreed
to while the Senate acted 'las in Commit
tee," was about to he rejected in the Sen
ate, upo: Ne suggestion thait it was not
worth while (bdelay the bill by sending
it to the lionuse m1'. y for concurrence iii
that amendment. . Mr. Calhoun; in
two or three words, influeCd the Senate
very properly to agree to it- tie said, let
me tell the Senate that if thisph5 ,
not agreed' to, the notes may be byp
cated at much lessthan th'eir vslue npoo
their face, as was the case with millioin.
in the late war with Gi-eat Britain. This
amendment was then'agreed'to. nei-e.co&
Mr. Cass made some rad~arks, 'in"?he
course of the debate that. were of inte-*-1
rest. Ho referred to the propositions
made and talked of for arresting the war
at a certain point-taking a line of demar
eationi, and blockaditng the coast. He
said it would be an abandonment of the
wvar on our side, and he dgubted 'whether
twould be coustitutional for Congressto
lictate the plan of the war to the Execo
ive. There was no way, lie- said; to
ivoid the prosecution of the-war, Mexico"'
dad nailed her motto to the mast. Her
policy was fixed. Any propositions'other
bhan that of war, that we mtight talk of,
~vere aol remedies for, but provocatives of
rar. They wol bring us into contempt
vith Mexico, and the wvh.lte world. - H
onsidered the measure of appointing a
Lieutenant General as undoubtedly neces- .
ary. But he was opposed to that part of
d'r. LBenton's plan ivhich contemplated a
ravelling com mission for negotiatingea
The Land Bounty Bill was considered'
a the Hlouse. An amendment was adop'.
ed in Committee, adding three dollars.'a
nonth to the pay of. the volunteers anti
egular soldiers. - -
Otu motion of Mr. Holmes, of S.' ., a' -
ubstitute for the land bounty: was agreed
giving each .non-commiissioined officer'
nd private govertnment stoeI~ to theo
mount of one hundred dollars,. at the
lose of war, redeemable in ten years, with
x per cent interest.
The bill is still in Committee of' the
Great India" Mlassacre,-Butcheryj of
V'omen and- Children.--A letter from a
eaileman at Council Blnf's, dated on the
7th of December, to his correspondent in
r. Louis. states that, on the previous
sy, a band of the Omabas were met by a
rnd of the Sioux, in the neighborhood of
te Blutfs, that a battle ensued 'hetwseo
eta; and that the Siotix killed sixty of
te Omahas before -the conflict terminai.
The following particulars we hlad ise~
tier to tbfe St-, Louis Rennale~tit.