Newspaper Page Text
tbad for the contrary, for which the wite
of muslin or tulle, in -folds or eiriche,
is more advantantageous."
M ia . Jan. 29, 1847.
-The steamer -Tuscaloosa left our wharf
abotit'8 o'clock on Thursday evening, on
her way to Tuscaloosa, and after proceed.
'iog aboutlOor 11 miles up the river, an
-explosion'of two of ber boilers took place,
which instantly killed several of the pas
sengers and many of the boats crew and
officers. From a - passenger on board we
learn that the explosion completely tore up
'the boiler deck and shattered the after pact;
of the boat; (below deck) considerably.
'Immediately after the explosion, such of
the passengers as were unhurt, set them
selves to alleviating the sufferings of those
who were injured but not killed ; while at
the same time a portion of the saved were
makin- every possible arrangement to
laud at on shore who could be found.
The boat after the explosion, swung to
'she shore and grounded, her stern remain
ing nearli in the ,centre of the river, A
line was made fast ashore from the stern,
and an efort made to bring her stern
ashore so as to land her passengers, but
owing to her grounding these efforts were
unavailable. The ladies were then all
lowered from the cabin by a rope- to the
i"wer dock, and from thence sent a bore in
the yawl-all were saved unhurt.
Those of the male passengers who were
iuorjuret,-saved. themselves and many of
the wounded; bycoastructing a temporary
'raft of-loose -planks, and such articles s
were close at hand.tOn this, they reache
the shore in safety. On landing i. was
fiund impossible to-obtain a dry footing,
asthe hanks of the saver overflowed. In
this condition,tbose whowere able climbed
trees, &c., where they remained in view
-of the burning ruins, for about three hours,
when fortunately the steamboat James
Howitt, bove in sight. and was shortly
beside the wreck,when assistaneewas im
mediately given to all within reach. The
Howitt returned to the city with all of the
The number of killed and wounded bas
-not as yet been ascertained, but it is feared
that of the former, there are not less than
t2&; and of the latter a like number. The
Sbody-of'Lt. Loge was on board, and was
Since the above was in type, we have
'learned the names of the following per
sons, killed and wounded.
Killed-Wm. Tanneybill, C. Chiles &
AP. F. Beasly, of Eutaw ; W. R. Hassell,
of Greensboro-; Blue Pastier, second clrk;
--- Clark, 1st mate, and Arthur Mc
Coy, 2d engineer, Abraham Flynn, vol
noteer from Greene co.-and several ne
Jiro dedk.hande. -
Badly watrded.-JCapt. E. -P. -Oliver.,
'(not espected to-survive,) George-Kirk, lt
- clerk, and acting Captain of the 'usca-"
loose, and'Col. Wm. Armstead.
4Correspondence of the-Chars. Cowie'.
: Wasnsae-ro, Jan. 27, 1847.
The tone of the article in the Union
'bpon the subject of Gen. Taylor's letter.
is such as to warrant the supposition that
the publication is considered by the admin
istration asinsubordinate. The disclosure
of the plan of operations is condemned,
and the complaints against-the 'adminis
tration are declared to be withoutrfouoda
tio%. 'khe saihie .feeling ;prevails among
'many m'oubers of Congress. The iizhtter
-nhy ie made an additional argument in
favor of the appointment of a Lieutenant
General, but I doubt whether Gen. Tay
lor will be recalled, as some here suppose.
In the Senate, a bill was reported from
the Commit tee on the Post Ollic.e, provi
die~g for the transportation of the mail, to
ena fr6m 'the -*rmy tn Mexico, en'ce a
Wek free of ' estage.
The resolno sus of Mr. Cilley, of N.
'I.-, proposing that our forces-in Mexico be
withdrawn; and posted at seine point
within the U Stases was. taken up, abd
Mr. C. -advoca'ted them. H is purpose Was
not to abandon the war, bitt to prepare
for its more effectual prosecution.;
- The resolutions were laid on the table.
't'he aong 'centest -in the Senate upon
the quetibon *hether -the Ten Regiments
should be a volunteer or a 'regular force,
has resulted from the reluctnce of Sena
BltrS to increase the Executive -power.
The Senate finally rejected to day, 'the
4Muoteer system by a vote of 20 to 3G.
There wasa proviso to the bill which
-enabled she-.Preident to appoint olficere
to thlise Recginients during the recess of
Congress, and withooi the advice and con
sent of the Senats. Mir;aadger moved
to strike out this pidiso, and some oppo
sition ws made to it. Mr-. Caithoun had
risen to speak, but as Mr. Seviarw2as-al
ready up, he yielded the floor to him. Mr..
Sevier said, emuphatically, that be cotuld
never yield to the Executive~the powver to
maike appointcments to now offices, ithout
the advice andI conseut of the Sendte: Va
cancies the Presideot mights fillin the re
cess of tbe Senate. He ~should vote for
-the amendment. The proviso was stricken
out-yeas 30. nays 18. Thus it will be
esen tbat the President must nominate all
'she company officers and field officets of
'the ten regimenss-before the 3d of March.
The consequence will be, that the Presi
denm may be obliged. to summon the Sen
ate in extra session, as he can do, without
TAhe Senate will, to :morrow, baSte a:
struggle upon the concurrenice int their
amendment to the bill providing 'for-land
:bounties. Mr. Butter. of S. C.,-will -op
.pose the provision as it tiow atande. The
billmay pass to morrow night.
WAsnfste-ot, Jan. 29.
The snate was chiefly engaged in the
consideration of the Ten Regiment Ihill.
The question was upon gobcurren~ce in the
amendment offered by Mr. Corwin, of
Ohio, granting bounty lands -to -soldiers.
Mr. Benton -made an assault trpon the
amendment. He denoneed it as a fla
grant fraud upon the Treasury. It would
lead to a system of fraud exceeding any
that was .ever before got np ; in the Yazoo
specatation..in the old continentals, or in
the land honniles of the late war. He had
iuformation.~ tie said, that compsoles were
n ow forming foir buying up these land
warrauts. Sutters and commissaries, he
said; were etmployed by these speculators
-it wok the ,=rrants ot of' tho soldiers.
'Ebe cbargeupoa the treasuiy b 'tbis'm
tem was renormous-twelve million. 9f
acres-fiein millions o( dollars. The
great source of revenue from the lands
would be ex:inguishei&by ' ihis bill. Mr.
Benton said he should 'vote against this
bill, but the land bounty would carry it.
Mr. Corwin's reply-tb Sir. iBenton was
poierful and eloquent.
1ie carried with-hitn'the majority of the
Senate. '(t beinig wdill uderstood that the
amenditiedt of Mr. Corwin would be con
curred in, many aihendiniits to it were
hIr. -Rusk, of Texas, offered as a sub
stitute Treasury Scrip to the amont Upa
hundrel dollars, payable in ten years, anid
with i per cent; interest-the same pro
position that Mr. Holmes offered in the
House. This was-rejected.
A tabtion,-by Mr. Simmons, giving the
soldifts.a'dhoice between the land war
rants and -scrip, bearing interest at fix per
cent., -redeemable at the pleasure of the
governmedt, was agreed to-yeas 28,
Mr. Buildr.of S. C., moved anlatrena
ment to -ibis amendment, reducing, the
scrip one half in amount, but it was rjec
Mr. Cass took strong eacepfions to
some remarks of Mr. Benton, and sai-he
would not condescend to -reply to them.
The remark of Mr.-Benton was That the
land bounty would -carry the bill ih the
Senate. Mr. Case ensideted'this as a'ie
flection upon those Senat6rs wh6 were 'in
favor of.the;land boudity.
Notwithstanding all the efforts maae :to
bring the bill to a ifinal %Vdte,:the Senate
adjourned, leaving the bonhty -uestion
The enthusiasm for'tbe war 'kn6w no
bounds in this region. -CompaieSb ste
formed, or being formed, in all the neigh
boring States, and especially in Pennsyl
vania, and it is understood that tlib com
pany officers chosen by their men will be
commissioned. Pennsylvania alone will,
in two months, furnish one :half of the ten
IMr. Sims is the only .member -of 'the
South Carolina Delegation in favor of the
appointment of a Lieut. General. He
spoke in favor of it to-day. The.project
it'is thought, may yet succeed.
WASINIGTO, January 90.
In the Senate to-day, Mr. Jarnagan, on
leave, introduced joint resolutions presen
ting the thanks of Congress to Gen. Tay
or, &c., precisely in the same terms with
the resolutions offered in the House by
Mr. Cooke, of Tennessee. They lie over,
The bills in relation to Oregon were
recommitted to the Committee on the Ju
diciary, for the purpose of an examination
as to their alleged conflict with the pro
visions of the Oregon Treaty. Mr. Cal
boun .suggested that the bills might, in
some-ofitheir,provisions, conflict with the
treaty rights of Britisb subjects.
The Ten -Regiment Bill was taken up
again, and a long discussion followed upon
the amendment offered.
The result wasatbat the Senate agreed
to modify Mr. Corwin's amendment, gran
ting bounty, lands to volunteers and pri
vates of the army. The provision agreed
to, gives to all non-commissi oned oflicers,
musicians and privates of the volunteers
and regulars,'one -bondred and sixty acres
of laud, provided They sball have served
n.t ses rhar, twielve monhs,; and also. to
all volunteers *ho served-twelve months,
or less time, because of iheir honorable di.
charge. The same bonty is granted to
the heirs of those who have died, or may
die in the service. Thbis amendment was
modifed ou motion of Mr. Simnmons, so
as to give those entitled to bounty lands
the 'option of taking in lieu thereof gov
ernment at'ock to the amount of one hun
dred dollars, payable at th% -pleasure of
the government, and bearing interest at 6
per cent., payable half yearly. The
amendment as thus modified was agreed
On motion of Mr. Beuton, and at the
recommendation of the department ol
war, four Quarter Mast'ers and ten Assis
tant Quarter Masters, and ,a Regiment
Quarter Master General, ar~e to be lp
The bill was ordered to he engrossedl
with only threb negatives-Messrs. CIl
Iy, Corwin and bavis.
In the House, Mr. Cocke, of 't'ennes
see, (whig) moved tosuspend the rules tc
enable him to introduce the following reso
keisoivediunanimnously by the Senate and
Hsse of -Representatfres in Congress os.
seblcd, That the thabits of Congress are
due, and are hereby., presebted to Mnjoi
Gneral Zachary Taylor; .and througi
ite to the brave officers and'soldiers, both
of the regular army and of the voltinteeri
under his command. for their courage~skill
fortune and good conduct in storming the
city of Monterey, defended as it was by a
force mere than doable their number, and
protected by -the strongest fortifications,
which 'reeilted in a most brilliant victorj
to our army, and reflected imperishable
boor upon our arms.
Resolved, That the president be re.
quested to cause to be-striwk agold medal
with devices emblematic of thie, 'plepdit
achievement, and- presented to Gen. Tag~
for. as a testimony of 'h'e high sense et.
tertained by Congress of his judicious anc
distiguished conduct on that memnorable
Resolved, That the President of the U,
States be requested to cause the foregoinj
resolutions to be communicated to Gene.
rl Tayior, anad through him to the arm)~
under his cornmando
The motion prevailed-yeas,136, ayt
The resolutions being of whig origin,
th-e jedlousy of some of the democrats w at
exacted, and it was alleged that their ob.
jett was sinistet--.that it was intended at
a blow at the administration, under the
pretext of-comnplimenting General Taylor
Mr. C. I. Ingersoll moved to lay the
subject on the table-lost-yeas 3, ayt
Mr. Faran, (dem.) of 'Ohio, moved t<
add the' following wordse:-"Engaged ni
it was, and still is in a war commencec
and forced us by Mexico, and continuec
bus in defence of the honor, and in vin
da'tion of the just rights of the U. States
assailed as both has been by repeated ant
lagrmne acts on tha nn-rt of Mezico. of in.
its, ostrgges , and finally, of invasion o
one of the States ofthis Union.",
Mr. Jacob ''hompeen, of i, o fered c
in addition to- Ihis. a proviso-... . nob. -1
lug herein contained sliall .be strued
into an approval of the terms o espitula-'
tion agreed to by General Taylor V
These amendments were c 'r .by a
party vote-yeas 116, nays 70. .
The resolutions were ordered4a bi4rd-I
.Every whig voted in theiiiiity..
. The whigs declared iheresol nswere.
a censure upon, General Tavlo and the.
-original . mover, Mr. -Cocks. 'proposed,
'without success, to chanre the ut e so as
to designate them as resolutio re t
instead of thanib. ..
The resolutions went to the .8 atefor
.concurredce, ahtilie on the.tablei
Jarnagin's resolutions. The pbiiiY.
is that the resolutions-will be lotth.1w n. 1
the two ,Noises, by disagreee iaetot
terms. Haraas the bittles be.io
'liexico, there are to be harder. tree at
hbtoaefor the next Presidency. T
.idential campaign is already begupr."
Mr. Jacob Thompson movea i for
all the correspondence. whidh oceurr
red between General Taylor ant e. war
iThe object of this call-is to shl that 'he
are-without foundation. The House. ad
journed withodt ac'ting 'upon the motion..
'The enforcennt of the obdle'e arrrmy
'regultion'tfl825, forbiddingofficers from
.riting letters or reports relative- to the
movemets or marches of theirmy, on
pain of dismissal from the tervje,. is con
sideored. here as a blow aimed at Gen. Tay
lor., qu account of, the .,publiction of his
private letter of Nov.'9th- Thpenalty
applies to the officer who placees- a letter
beond his control, 'so that it .me'find its
'way to the press. The orde ill de
prive us of much intrresting ad less
information as to the 'future op otfs -f
The first ship of the Bremen It d'of mail
steamers is about to be launched. -
'l'he Government has deter Toed. in
compliance with the contract,t ke her
Tor war. irposes. bho cot just, in
I learnthbat Gen. Gaidies, -Vbo baslbeen
in this city some days, intends, to publish
an address io the public. explanatory of
his views of the proper mode of conduct
ing the Mexican war and . defending -the
the course 'taken by Gen. Taylor.
It is also said that Gen. Gaines, though
he admits that-Gen. Taylor' tletter, of
Nov. 9th, was addressed to -biin, denies
that he authorised or permitted iis .publi
cation. He says. as I learn, thatd.e gave:
the letter to the editor of the E~press,to'
read. but not to make public.
But Gen. Gaines' promised account of
the operations connected with theilexican
war, may possibly be suppressedto- con
sequence of the revival and -enforcement
of the Army Regulation forbidding such
publica:ion, on pain cfdismiss from the
service. The tone of the arIb e in the
union of cast nipght.
Taylor's letter, may admoni the vene
rable General of the expediency of bolding.
his pen. if not his place. '- do. not think.
that the public generally look with much
admiration upon the epistolary -displays
of military men. - Commodore Porter,
Commodore Decatur, General Gaines, and
General Scott, did not enhance their-rep
utation by any of their writings,: and the'i
public 'ha've been disposed to respect Gen.
Taylor the mo're for his discreet reserve in
this regard. They will be glad tu learn
that General Taylor did not intend his
letter for publication, and that General
Gaines did not connive at its hurreptitions
To mo'rrowr'is the day assignell 'for thei
consideration in the House, of the bill ap- -
propriating thr'ee million. of. dollars tbr
the purpose of enabling -the Presidont to
ehtamn a slpeedy and hynorable peace with
Me'xico. There may he seose opposit ion.
to taking .it up, but it Wrill ~re'quir.e a vote
of two-thirdst6 eprevent It. Th'b anti
slav'ery will b'd'off'ered to this bill, but it
may or dmay not be concurred in. -I im
-agine that the question will be productive<
-of much excitement in the Hoeuse adt in I
Joint Reaolutions have passel -the Son
sie of the State of New-Vork, with bunly
thre'e disientent votes, requesting their
Representatives and instructing their Sea
-ators to vote for Ih6 restrioction of slavery.
The lowier Houie will utiddubtedly tcon
-eur inthettn, and It was -expected that
theirlinal passage would be so timed as to
hate their -fttll effect upon the New-York .
representation -in Congress, I understand,<
holiever, that* there are but.dlrree-of the
New York maaihierboftongress wbo wvere
expected t'e vot'e against tife p'roviso.
Thei'e will be a-gi-eat debate in the
Sedate wh-len this bill and pi-oviso come up
in that bodly. Mt-. Calhoun, who bas beenc
remarkably reser-ved of 'late, will then
have a glorious opportunity to explain and<
defeod his views andthose of the South,
on Rll the subjects Connected with the war.
und the termisof .peace,. and the .righ t of
one part of ihe.Union to dictate tieterms
on which territory shall be acquired by or
afiexed to this Union.
Thre three million bill was the. special
order in the House, Ao-day, but .on the
suggestion of Mr. McIay, ihat the appro
priation .lila wei'e of pressing riecessity.
Mr. C. J. lngesoll; as .Chairmnan of the
Committee of Foreign Affiire, edbsenied
that the hill should be postponed so Mod -
day next ; theat Mr, Wilmot;. as if appre
hensive that some one would "steal his
thunder," proinptly gave nootioe of his in
tention to offer hits famous proviso of the
late session, prohibiting .slavery and :nvol
notary servitude in the territory to be ae -
qu'ired and .annexed, through any treaty
'with Mexico. . Mr, Preston King,. of New
York, was eviden'ty anxions to annex his
name with 'the inovement.
Mr, 'Calhoun's conurse.is -losked to *ih
deep Interest ont thesubet. -16 will un
doubtedly tuicet tie guesfien witb all, his.
ardor and -strengh. He will undoubtedly
take ti sodihern ground on this question,
to its whole extents; but it is~already whis
pered that he may be: able to carry thro'
the M issouri compromise principle. in ap
plication to the' territory shbe acquired.
At all events, an occasion will thus be pre
sarotrd whirlh will emplny' wsIl his powers;
,The Secretary of the Treasuty. has, to
sy,,sent into the Senate a project for i0
reting the revenue. in scompliance with
It, Cameron's resolution.
'1Ie states that the revenue under- the
ariff of 1846 is increasl'ng, in'comparison
itb the revenue, fora corresponding pe
iod, under the old tarif. The increase
rm December 1st, 1846, to January 23d,
847, is $700,000..over the amount yiel
led by the'old tarif in the same period,
nding January'23d. 1846.
"Therefore, as. a general rule, he does
o blook for an increase of revenue by in
!But he proposes a -duty, in addition to
he.present advalorem duty, of ten per
enst on iron and-its manufactures-on coal,
nd certain woollens. not- costing more
ban four.dollars a square yard; Frve per
eat, on certain cottons, and twenty per
ot. on sugars, .&c.-. This schedule will.
hu'e estimatas, produce the sum of $1.'
119,000. . 1e-proposes a decreass of du
ies on 'certain iron utensils, which will
ncrease the -reveiue to the amount of
Me-insists iupon the-original-recoinmen-.
lation of twenty five'per cent. on tea and.
ofee, which Will give $2,500.000. A
ike dutyon other free articles, (excepting
nillion and specie,) will give $400,000.
This sum he-proposes to set sapahas a
specific' fund. for the-redemption 'of-the
priacipal and the payment of the 'interest
f the debt to be contracted for the support
f the war. The Report is very volumi
tous, but the above is the substauce of it.
'There is an imnpression here upon some
.bat we are on the eve of a peace with
Mexico. Things happen so suddenly and
inexpedtedly in this age and country'that
,t may -be true:. The late -rumors'from
Mexico -go to contfirmu it, and the 'Secretary
)f State'deerns that runtor as probable.
T'h. advieps.received from General Tay-.
or, by the weatern mail, last night, do not
oftfirm iC, tt that circumstunce-dues not
isprove it. It is not inprobale (fnt (he
klexican'Cnngress has adreed'to a nego
tiation. They can lose nothidg by it.
rhey gain time by it. which to thetn'is
important. Should a negotiation be 'om
rnenced, the effect will-be to suspend hos
ilities, to some extent, though, of course,
bur troops will not be withdrawn. It .has
een suggested here that the negotiation,
if any should be commenced, should be
:arried on at Havana. In that case, there
:ould be a speedy resort by either party
to their'respective governments.
The President has- repeatetlly sthied
that he would 'be ablejo difect a peace, if
Congress would give him the three million
appropriation, with which to approach the
The three mnitlion bill came up to-day,
and Mr. Sevier made a .brief opening
peech in the support. , He sta.ted that
the President had recommended this.meas
are last year, and now again; that the
resident.bid .held, and still held a or
espondece with' Mexico, . by whic, he
tad learned that the Mexican Govern
pent and people were disposed to: make
2aace qn terms which the President would
>er. 1..Bevir stated hai'be did not
uow what the' President would demand
n the way of indemnity for the expenses
>f.the war,.but he was persuaded that the
Senate would not consent to a treaty on
erms short of the cession to the U. States
if New Mexico and California.
Mr. Mianguin intimated a desire that the
aill should be passed over, to -allow time
or the consideration of the novel and star
ing propositions presented to us to-day'
o annex a new-world to the United States.
Ele was himself utterly, opposed to the
ismembcrmaent of .Mexico.
Mr. Sevier wished to press the bifl to
tn early vote. Mr. Calhoun trughnt ime
would be saved by affourding Senators an
>pportunity to cousider the subject. Mr.
Berrien moved to postpone till Thurrsday
sext, and Sevier called for the yeas and
iays, and the motion prevailed-28 to'iS.
Mr. Bierrien gave notice that he would
nove atn amendment to the bill, declairiug
:hat it is t1he seose of Congress that the
war 'ivith Mexico ought not toabs prosecu
ed with any-vitew to the dismemlbermet
r conquest of that Republic ; that this
;overnmtent desires to maintain peaceful
'elations with.Mexico; that this -g vern
Dent is ready to make peace with Mexico
>nt terms mutdially favorable coladth par
ie's; that the boundary of Texas ought to
se debitely settled. antd proi'ision made
y the Republic of Mexico fort the prompt
idjustment'of t he-just claims of our citizens
against that Republic..
Should this amendmnent succeed, it will
yreclude any question abou t the extension
fntlerdiction of S'laery.-T'lie following
Eesolutions have been adopted by the
egislature of Pensylvania-in the Sen
tte, by a vote of 24 to 3, and in the House
>f Represetatives unanimously :
Wh'ereas, The eXisting war with Mexi.
:o may result in the atcquisition 'of new
erritory~ to the Union :And whereas,
measures are now pending in Congress,
aving itt vie w the appropriation of money
a~d tl-e coanferring adibhority upon the
reaty manking powver to this end : therefore
ResoitveiJ, Tbat our Senators in Cotn,
ress be 'instructed and our Representa
iues requtesied to vote against any mess
ire whatever, by which territory will Sc.
rue to the IUnion. unless as a part of the
~undmantal law. utpon wyhich compact or
treaty for this purpose is based, Slavery
>r involuntary servitude, e xcept for crimes
thall be forever prohibited.
Resolved, That the Governor be reques
ted to forward a copy of the foreguing to
each of our Senators and ktepreseotataves
Similar resolutions have been adopted
by the Legislature of Ohio, and by the
Senate of New-York.
Mr.'Sims,oI S. C. last Friday expregsed
the opinion that the North would not in
sist upon this condition of future annela
tion'. Asshis colleague, Mr. Burt, prott
ly replied, we can perceive no eronud for
such a presumption. Pennsylvania has
always been more tolerant on the Slavery
question than -iny one it the notn-slave
olding States-and yet she now comes
up to the snark in the moost unqualified
language, and with altmost an unanimou~s
voice. Where does Mr. 8;tos expect to
fid his ,nntural aflias?'..Richmand I Whig
EDGEFIELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1847
Eretum. -In the obituary of Miss:ML eslie,
the reader will make the following correction
in the third and lEst sentences.
" In all the relations of life, she discharged
the duties which devolved upon her, with the
fidelity and purity of purpose, which charac
terized the christian. She was'universally be
loved irthis community, and her death was sin
The Charleston'Mercury.-Mr. Clapp has
retired from the editorial department of this old
and excellent paper, and has been succeeded
by John E. Carew, Esq., Mr. Carew is a
member of the Legislature, and.is well known
to be a gentleman of talent. The principles of
the paper, which are of the strictest State
Rights school, will not be-dhanged. It is scarce
ly necessary to say, that the Mercury has been
conducted with singular ability, by its former
accomplished editors, and doubtless will. sus
tain its reputation.
Magnetic Telegraph.-The Savann ah Geor
rian, says, that the subscription to the stock for
a Telegraph like between that city and Augus
ta, has been-taken up. An Agent was recently
in Charleston, 'for the purpose of procuring
subscriptions to a Telegraph, from that city to
connect with New Orleans. We hope that
the project will succeed. All our chief cities
at least, should be united by Telegraphic lines.
We-think -that they will be, at no.dist ant day.
Telegraph acr,ss the Atlanti.-We see in
the account of the proceedings of Congress,
that a project has been brought before that'bo
dy for establishing a line of Telegraphs across
the Atlantic. If it should succeed, the old
world and the new, will then be united. What
a wonderful revolution o ill be brought about.
Of the mighty results which may yet follow
from the Telegraph, no man can conjecture.
Population and Territory of the Ukited States.
--Willis Darby Esq, of Georgetown, D. C.,
has published letter in the Washington Union,
in a hich he says, that the population of the
United States has increased annually; since
1790, at. the -ate of three per'ceft. In 1790
our population was a few hundred over three
million .nine hundred-tliotrsand. In 1840,-it
was a little more than 17 millions 63 thousand.
At this rete,,in 1900, it will be-something more
than one hiri hed and two mniflion* eiglft hirn
dred and forty thousand. Our territory-at this
timeis of vast extent, and with the addition of
California, would exceed all Europe. .
FROn OUR coRnEsPoroErIT.]
On Board the Alhambra, ""i
Mobile Bay, 29th January, 1847.
Mr. Editor.-As this is the last chance I
shall have of writing to you from our own
ountry, I will briefly travel over again our
journey by land; and then I will give you all
the insiah t ['have into the condition of onr Re
giment, and also give you may conjectures of
the present and future destination of the divi
sion of thre army to whlich we are attached.'
Thre diy we left Atlanta, the point at which
[ wrote last, the weather was horridly incle
ment, and we were unable to proceed farther
thai about three miles. Tihe next day we made
good march, but the day after that were com
pelied by the rain and cold, to remain in our
quarters, at a-Methodist Camp Ground, where
we were treated by the warm hearted people
of the neighborhood, with a kindness that made
an impression upon the hardest heart amongst
us. 1 shall ever. anter this, entertain the high
eat :espect for the religioin cf thie Methodists.
They are a generous, sincere, and noble-mind
ed denomination of Christians.
After we left Camp Jone's. for that was the
name of the place last mentioned, our march
was not interrupted for a single moment, eithrer
by rain or wind, or cold, rand God knows, we
had an abundance of all. We arrived in good
ealth at the city of Mobile, after seven or erght
days travel, where wve found the whole of the
first detachment :under Col. Dickinson, en
amped in most comfortable quarters, which
ad been furnishe~d themi by the kindness of
Cl. Deas, a hospitable old gentleman, who
was once -a member of our State Senate,
t gives me pleasure~ to say here, that our
journey throngh Ceorgia and Alabama has
nrbled mne to form the rmost exalted notion of
ihose two chivalroius States. Nothing could
exceed the generosity and hospitality displayed
to us by threir people. They met us on tire
road side, and in their villages, arnd invited us
to their houses without money or cost, and even
handed out provisions to us, as we passed along
on the march. There were very few, even ol
the tavern keepers, who would charge us more
1than twventy cents for the most bountiful re.
pasts. At same places, 'they even -had dinei
prepared, gratis. for as many as they could af
ford to stipply. Blit, whenever we :met with
a emifrtrit from old South Caroline, we mel
with more thah a -brother's kindness. My -nex1
South Carolina-Our mother, and Georgia
aid Alabaria-her twin sisters.,,
I am prodid tu say though, that I am yet able te
place my native State above all others. There
is somemlhing peculiarly good that attaches to
all her children wherever they may go. It ii
lik a vase in which roses have. oncebee
distilled, you may break-you may bruisn
the vase if you will. but the -scent of the roses
will hang round it still. But I must forget ever
ny own homei for a while.
We are nowv on board the ship wich is t<
ake us to Mexico. I have no doubt, that we
will land. at some point as near as possible te
Vera Cruz; for it is the general impresuiol
of all, that wve are to bemi a great battle, to be
fought at that place. Our orders however, are
...led ,,,,in ..,e get frther.. out to sea. Thi
men are keen for activeservioe, and -ba
-dobt,. would even now. acquit -the
handsomely in~battle. -* 7'
The health of our Regimentia as good-os
could. be udder the circumstances:.:Qum
pline is good, and the men have confide
.theirgallant commander. .1 attr' ' e"ou
health and spirits almost. entirel fo the
order that has been enforcc in camp.
teers must be forced to do Rhei'r duty as
regulars; and it is our good fortune ta
Colonel who has some experince in war.
have had no. deaths in our ranks, that Ib
heard of, for a week or two. -Oar Sargeon
Dr.- Davissis.WithI us, ant pays the-greasest at. .
tention to the sick. He p asmises to mnkeJi n
self highly useful en tbp regiment. rtis tjie
we have some sea-siphness, but that1is always
matter of. aninsepent to these wIo are wel .r
The sickness is not so great 96rhnioring.as -
was yesterday, for the bay is nor o-uiglia
this time as it was last evening. We have,
now been nearly two days and two, nights 'fii
*ter, and from the disagreable saw6he ea.
ther,wud the difficulty of loading, *eave go
yet Beep able to clear Mobile bay. - -- -
As We came down in the steambastvo'
ship, one of the Columbia Vol.nteer fiell-o
jumped overboard, but was taken up safeya'
seaman, in a little boat.
I will write you letters of more intersetwhew
I reach land, for I am sea-sick, and ardl : '
know what I am doing.
Yours, &c. SALUDA.
P. S. I forgot to 'mention, that the whole
Regiment has left M'bile. Ours'was the last.'
detachment to leave.. We go in three: ships::
Major Gladden, gbeaivith the first detichment
in the Ellerslie; Col. Dickinson, with these.
cond, in the Oregon; and Col. Butler with,tbe.
third, which is- ours, in the Alhambra. 8
[FROM OUL OftoE4tPONDElIT.I -
TCodlumia. Peb. 3,1J-7.
"The College is now in mourning for.'
the death of young Middleton.- He .was
the eson of Col. Middleto', a-member of tif -
House of Representatives, ,from George=,
town. Oh, what a son'! ; -eunwill read
in our papers, the proceedingseof the Fac
ulty and Students on 'the melancholy oe
casion. Do not regard thistin the ligh
of a mere form. -know, that..nothing i$,
more common than toeiaggerate-the viri
tues of the dead, and I cannot as a,mat.
ter of criticisti,'find fault with it, for after -
all, it is but the language of natu-e andihie
affections. On tlepresent.occasion.howe
ever, far more could-have been said, with
the most perfect truth ; but ;in. the brief.
sketch of his character, it was thought,
better'to fall ahort than to- :pdrsue it
too far. lMinite and -sirupulous Aetails
have therefore been , avoided,.and in the .
language of Wordswrtlh,,.'the trunk and,
main branches of the worth of the deci"
sed" have alone been represented. o
was such aso "es a father wonld desire -
He had just.htentred upon ,his .nineteeplth
year, and wits 'talents and capacitie6fa
mnost-uncommon order,.as enga g im
the stiruggle of you ifut saibitiu.with sa
energy and intensity , ely :fwln'eed,
For oe sby6ung, ,ba -atrainjieets- aere
Extradrdinaryh'.r'n -ifthe depait g
his place, was side).y- side with-thefirst.
And as if nature had it' euded to iake t
sure, that he was inideed a favorite child.
she had-added to a temper kind, livelyr'd
ingenuous, the gifts of a commanding per
son, and easy,- and fascinatiug:address.
It was remarked~ throughout -his .illness,
that the pain of disease, the delirinor-of
fever could not overcome his ecrnpulous
regard of duty. and cheat- him-otut .of that
reward which he felt. was due-to hisfidel.
ity. In death, -thus, as .in life, he was
concerned only. to act wvelltiep'art which -
he conceived, Providse 1id assigned
him. 'Ob blessed de'they who live and
die tike these honored with such love, and
with such sorrow mourned.'
There are occasions, when our commot
nature is sure to declare itself-when one
common chord of sympathy vibrates
through every bosom. trvle
afow far so so e'er a stranger, does not own.
The band of brotherhood, when'er be sees theni
A mute procession, on the houseless road."
But I have done. I have said more thana
I intended. . .
T1he College was never in a more floiur
ishinig condition. You see by the Cata-.
logue, that there are 1y1 students.. I hn ve
to add, that the largest number under Mr,
Barowell's admtnistration was 169,.and.I,
think, the present number is the largest to
the history of the College." -
Resolutions of South Carolina Colfege.
-Trho following Resolutions were adopt
ed by the Faculty of South.Carolina Col
lege, on the 1st of f'ebruary. 184,y 'wi
reference to the death of 'Henry Mitddle
ton, late member of the Senior Class,-ai
youth to whom his Maker had vouchafed
many precious mental gilts, and who bius.
banded them with conscientions zeal and
a quickening love of truth and k-nowledget '
whose purity of conduct, undeviating, ful
filment of his duties, unassuming .uimpli
city end kindlinessof feeling toward.,his
teachers and fello* students., most ruly
endeared hits in e'ierj mnember of -tis
"Resolved, Thidt the Faculty - feet. this
visitation as a loss of one of the fairest or
naments of their Institution, -and ;hee
uinction of one of their brigh~test'hop s. . -
"Resolved, That they, most deeply synm
pathize witG the Pareuits whom thus Prov
idence bas.uuddenIf bei-eaved'of so justly
beloved a sori, and that the 'Secretary of
the Faculty communicate a copy of theae
resolutions to the sorrowing parents as a
token of their sympathya
"Resolved, That the Faculty war,thb!
usual badge of mourning,-that thliiol
lege exercises be suspended during'- the
day, and .that these -resolgtiofb he.pub
lished in the papers of this' tow".*-.
"S. C. College, 1st Feb., 184y."
Newn Jersey U. S. Senator.-The Hon.
Jacob W.-Miller lias been re-elecld tot
the Senate of the Unoited States from the
State of N~ew Jersey. - - -
The Padimeno Barbeee.-At the barbe- '
cue given by the natives of SotithtCiroli
nas of'Mobile; to-the Paltr etto-Rigiment,
,.n Saturday week, we learna from.-the
Herald-of Sunday, that-"oot -less than.si
tliotiand men partook- of the baiheiue.