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We will cing to he Pilars of he Temple of our Liberties an aill Perishamidast the Ruins."
VOLUME XII. NO i3
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Y WM-i. F. DURISOE
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ly aid strictly attended to.
The friends of Major ABRAHAN1
JONES, announce him as a candidate foi
the Legislature, to fill the vacancy occa
eioned by the death of James S. Pope
gy The friends of JA Ml ES SPA NN. Esqr.
respectfully announce hint as a caudidate for
the office of Tax Collector, at the ensuing elec
tina. april14 tf 12
I The friends of WESLEY BODIE, an
-rounce him as a candidate for the ofice o
.Sietiff, at the ensuing election. t 5
february 24 t.
g: The followmg gentlemen are announced
by their friends as candidates for the Office u,
Tax Collector, at the ensuing election :
Col. JOHN QUATTLEB IM,
GEORGE J. SHEPPARD,
SAMPSON B, MAYS,
Lieut.JAMES B. HAKRIS,
Maj. S. C. SCOTT.
Maj.. MARSHALL i. SMITH,
LEVI R. WILSON.
I' The following gentlemen are announced
by their faiends as candidates for the office of
Ordinary, at the enshing election.
Col. JOHN HILL,
Capi. ' . COLEMAN.
We have received a. copy .oth. Cork
Examinerof the 16th. which ;ices a. full
and very interesting account cif'jbe: bau
quet of the preceding dal, givts b.y ,the
gentry of Cove and its-vicinity,:to.Captain
R.B. Forbeiland his officers, at-the Na
vatindililitary hotel, at which.Dr.:Mau
rice .I'ower presided. Several toasts: were
?runt. On introducing a toast in aompli
ment to Capt. Forbes, the chairmnu pro
nounced a hearty eulogy.on the Americar
character. In'alluding-to the feelings ex
- cited by the arrival of the Jarnestown 0
the preceeding Tuesday. the chairrnaY
-,You, gentlemen, must hay te sed
the enthusiasm whictt preva on the oc.
casion. When the good s moved slow
ly and majestically afss the broad ex
pause of our glitter, waters-when the
teardrop of joy /embled im* the eye of
many-for joyAke pity, melts the hearl
to tears. -ar.) Yes, you must have
seen th ars glistening in the eyes of
man housand, whose parched tongues
ha- with joy, and exclaimed, with the
rifelt ejaculation., *may God bless A
metica: And how shall I speak of the
occurrence of the night-the night when
honfires. blatted from every hill; when a
-thousand lamps made the face of nighit
look beautiful and brilliant. whilst fairy
music stor'e aeross the whispering waters
-which murmuretl and rippled joyfully ina
the beam of light, as if conscious of the
precious hurthen they bore ont their bright
ened bosom. [Cheers.}C Calpt. Forbes.
glorious mission; you have added new~
glory to theslendl of your birth-the lam
of Washingt on & Franklin: [loud cheers.
-Sir, you have erected a monument t<
your virtues.monre lasting than brass, fo
already your name is engravened on itha
grateful hearts of eight millions of enthu
elastic and truly grateful people [lout
.cheers.). Ages of irishment yet unb~orl
shall--yet pronounce with reverence anm
rsetyour honored name. Semper ho
*To the speech of the Chairman, or ti
tbie toast which was drunk with deafeninj
acclamation, nine times nine, Capt. For
bes replied in a handsome and appropri
ate speech, inuwhich be related the impor
taut and very interesting incidents of th
enterprise-wh'ich had been entrusted to hi
Father Mathew received the fbillowin
letter from a gentlemran in Boston, intre
ducing. Captain Forbea to the A post le c
BosTwy, U. S. A., March 27, 1847.
Dear Sir-This will introdtuce to yo
e~tt commander of the United States uzs
K'afr7D ship, the Jangtowvn, Robert -B
jjs, Esq.. who has nobly volunteere
' fiservices to convey to yotur shores
caoof provisions, fur the relief of th
f'osrds me great pleasure to mnak
thisphilianthropic countryman of ours thrt
l(iow: tf otu6 who is personally known1
- e, and o millions in both hemisphere
r.'-sodneti ihe greatest benefactors of b
racel 'In Mr. Forbes you will fmud one t
nature nnbleanu ho. lcaving the cndea
ments of home at this boisterous season,
crosses the ocean to imitate His and our
SAvioUa-to feed the hungry. and raise
the desponding. To you, my excellent
friend, I cordially commend him, hoping,
at no distant day, to grasp your hand, and
C welcome you on our shores, and then as
'sure you that our sympathies and hearts
are one,though separated by the ocean and
a different faith.
With high esteem, your friend,
The Very Rev. Theobalhl Mathew.
Father Mathew accordingly proceeded
to Cove, this morning, to pay his respects
to Capt. Forbes, who vias at the house of
the American consul, by whoma a nutual
nirodnction was effected. Capt. Forbes,
expressed in the strongest terms, the plea
sure he felt in knowing Father Mathew
I personally-said ho-w impatient the Amer
ican people were to receivb him among
them-and concluded by offering him a
passage on board the Jamestown. Father
Mathew gratefully acknowledged, but de
clined accepting Ihis invitation, as he was
precluded from gratifying a long formed
wish, in consequence of the state of his
own country, and the necessity there was
for the exertions of every one who could
in any way assist her.
Before Father Mathew left Cove, which
he did in company with Capt. Forbes,
Mr. Scott, Mr. Drew, and other gentle
men, a deputation waited on him, request
ing his attendance at the dinner, to be giv
en to-morrow morning evening, 'to Capt.
Forbes, which invitation Father Mathew
accepted, in order to show his sense of per'
sonal respect and gratitude to the noble
hearted American gentleman, who sacri
ficed time, case and home enjpyments, for
the sake of"a suffering people. -
Nothing could exceed the surprise and
horror expressed by Capt. Forbes at the
sights -ind sounds of misery that met his
eye and' ear at every corner of our streets.
He said, "he saw more misery in Ireland,
in a few hours, than be ever saw in all
- Front the N. O. Delta.
HIGHLY IMPORTANT FROM
Latest from General Scott's Division.
The steam boat James L.. Day, Cap:t
.ood,, arrived yesterday from Vera Ctuz,
eltn&bsheJefL s the 6th inst. We have
Mexico to the 21st. -This we proceed to
iie, commeucing the. first with our cur
JALAPA, April 29tb 47
- Eds. Delta.-You will fin the news
that is to be picked up hein a paper, a
copy of which I sen . Some idle ru
mor prevails thi orning that Santa An
na has been de prisoner, but so little
attentiot .I pay to it at the moment
that rgot to ask whther to Americans
Gen. Scott will probably leave this plac'o
in 12 or 14 lays, when he will makd' no
halt short of Puebla. As you will see from
the news I send you in the Star, the ene
my talk of nothing but resistance.
The Mexicaus are bringing in their corn
I believe, from what I can hear about
head quarters, that when we march from
this place, there will be little or no com
munication with Vera Cruz. Our means
of transportation will not en'able us to look
for supplies from home, and the enemy
will be looked to to furnish us to a great
extent. Our trains are beginning already
to he annoyed in the short space between
this and Vera Cruz. and to keep the road
open all the way to Mexico woul require
more mten than would be necessary to t ake
VEAx Unuz, May 2.
Itn the ''Eagle" of the 1st, which 1 sentd
yut, you will learn that Dun Pedro Anaya
has been declared Dictator. 'rThe Sw~ed
ish Consul, who arrived yesterday fromn
-\exico, tells me that itis true that Anaya
has- heen elected Dictator; Canalizo :spo
ken otf as Comntmander-in-Chief of the ar
moy, anrd that preparations a're being made
for the removal of the Government to Ce
laya, in case our artmy marches to ahe cir'y.
The case of the removal of ottr own Go
vernent fronm place to place, in the war
with England is cited hy' the leading ment
in favor of this act. Nnthing is more com
motn in Mexico thatn hear themt citing in
e idetnts in the revolutionary htistory of our
coutntry, to sustain the waveritng energies.
of their own people. One of thteir prints
holds thtis latgttage : Whtat entabtled the in
fattt colonies of America to tmake htead a
.gaittst, tand liually overcomte the most pow
. erful nation on the globe; a ttationt whose
,treasury is inexhaustible, whose fleets co
vered every sea, whose armties darkened
th adMexicans ! they were utnited ;
cry 'thteir coutntry.' Thtey allo~wed nt re
f verses to darnpen their energies; no calam
ities. however great, to tutrn them from the
great end for which they were lighting.
SOften without food atnd ralmeut; m' thre
- depth of winter or the heat of sumtmer, yet
.ever bhttling on, risittg superior to every
Sobstele, and finally, unequal as was thte
a conflict, comrpellin'' the powerful nation of
e England to acknowledge thteir mtdepen
dence. Mexicants! be uttted, hanish civil
- discord front your counicils, sweat' that you.
s willt Le f'ree, and sooti, very soon,, not a hos-'
o tile foot will taitthe soilotf Mexict'!" I
, give you but th'e substance of the piece: A
s strictly literal translation I am unequal tto.
( I wish I could send yott the paper, lbut
- thr6 is but one in Vra Cruz, andi ir be
longs to a gentleman whg wouldi not part
The Swedish Consul tells me that he
visited Santa Anna, at Orizaba, and ol.
tained from him a passport to come down.
lie had but a thousand men with him,
hadly eqiuipped, and he looking haggard
and very much dejected. His day has
passed. Both soldiers and officers have
lost all confidence inuhim-and I,have no
doubt, that were he to come to Vera Cruz,
ditring the present state of feeling of the
Mexican population, he would be mur
When the Swedish Consul lefiithey
were -busily fortifying Mexico. No stand
will be nado"at Puebla, unless we delay
marching on it fur some time. General
Worth is still at Perote-Scott at Jalapa.
A report-has reached here that old Zack
has taken possession of San Luis Potosi,
but I doubt this very much-he could hard
ly have reached there in this time. The.
diligence runs regularly now to Mexico.
Gen. Shields has been pronounced out
of dauger, J. D. J.
VERA Cauz, May 5th, 1847.
Eds. Delta:-As the steamer has beer
detained until to-day by had weather, I
give you the latest r.ews that has reached
us since I closed my leter of the 3d; there
is not much of it, but what there is, is of
some interest and importance. The Bri
tish Consul ht this place has just received
a communicatIon from the British minis
ter. Mr. Baukhead, saying that the Mexi-.
can Government has solicited the friendly
mediation of his government, to settle the
difficulties between Mexico and the United
States. I learned this nmorning that such
a letter had been received from Mr. Bank
head, and at once called on the English
Consol, who tells me that such is a fact.
You may therefore rely oni the ac'curacy
of this statement.
Santa Anna isabout40 miles from here
with 2000 men, threatening to march in
and seck Vera .Cruz. This information'
comes fiom a Spanish merchant of this
place, who came in yesterday from Mexi
co-he states that he s-w Santa Annta,
who advised him to take-his things out of
the city, as he should destroy everything in
it.. This of course, we consider as mere
Mexican- bravado,- as it is not likely he
would make his plans public, did he intend
executing them. We are, nevertheleos,
i16, that they-have stopped throwing -up
sntrenehments around th'e city, and do not
intend standing a siege or henbardnent.
For the first time sincol have been in
Mexico, I begin to think that the war is
rrawiug to a close. J. O. J.
From the Vera Cruz Eagle, &f the 1st inst.
Midshipman Rodgers.-Lt. Semmes. of
the frigate Rarit.an, left this city yesterday
eveing, with an escort of twenty tnea, for
the head quarters of Gen. Scott, intending
to obtain from hint means of communica
tion with the Mexican Government, in re
gard to Midshipman Rodgers, who has
been transferred from the Castle of Perote
to Peubla, and perhaps further into the in
terior. It is certain, however, that he was
taken to Puebla.
The Government of the United States is
determined to compel Mexico to treat Mr.
Rodgers as a prisoner of war; and Lieut.
Semmes is authorized, we understand, to
make such representations to the Mexican
Government, and that, in case of the fail
ure on their part to comply with the de
mand, a retaliatory course will henceforth
be pursued by our Government towards
prisoners falling into our hatds.,
Surrender of the City of Melxico.-"Imn
medc'iate-ly hefore the Ja inea L. Day start
edl from Vera Cruz., Maj. Leonard, who is
stat ioned there, sent an officer ott hoard to
itformn Gen. Pillow that an express had
arrivedl fromn Gent. Scott, with a despatch,
in wvhich lie stated that a deputation of
Mexican citizens fromnn the capital had ar
rived at the General's head quarters, in
viting him to advance, assuring him that
it would surrender to him without opposi
tion, atnd asking his protection of their rer
sons andi property. To'such favorable
teims Gent. Scott assented. lie is there
fore. on his march to, if not already in the
*halls of the Montezumar"
Editorial correspondenec qfthe Picayune;
,JA.ArA, (Mexico.) May I, 1847.
I wrote a iung letter this morning, whmch
I shiall senid off by a regular ttain which
leaves to-morrow under an escort; but
Iearning that one of Cot. Kiutney's men is
torun the gauntlet betweetnghis-and Vera
Cruz to night, or at least tlat he is to at
tempt it, I sctatch otf a fe'v more lines to
send by him. Enclosed Shu will also find
the lasst orders issued hygen. Scott. I
might give you the exact time he is to
move, the garrison lie islo lemte behind,
atd other itntelligence;- et as it might all
fall itnto the hatids of th.Mexicans, ishall
wait for some safe and certain opportutnity.
A rumor was rife hat evening which
would be startling wen~ any credit to be
attached to it. A nepl6w of Santa Atnna,
residing here in Jalaja, has circulated a
story to the effect that frrea and Canales,
by a forced march, hapu surprised anti re
taketn Tiapico frem tie Americans. The
news, he says,.catme Ixpress to Gen. De
Soto, residing near hd.e.- It may'be that
ho whole story has g4iwnm Out orrhe cap
tore of~ Tuspan by 'om. Perry. The
Mexicans make strdige blunders some
t es. - -
We have no la;:edntelligence from the
ci'y of Mexico. Utthe diligenins we -e
ordered:; iunnitig between Puel
and this: e, papers came thron
regularly ' .iflany ititelligence re
chesTal " almost exclusively in
the hand Mexicans, and there
lodges. as at that they are rui
ning thii o'cannon, both at Puy
bla and " Mexico,. anrd furthi
that the" e a grand stand som,
where b two cities, with a ral
ble of.at , 00' men, collected t
any .ande,. y. The more of th
species ofu u Scott has to contet
with the bbg.
I have bee n I ibismorning amon
some of the ded officers. Lt. De:h
is inprovitit s lio Lielt. Maury. I
was at first hibcut the latter gallnr
young off ,e 4 lose one-of ris arm
but all fea now subsided. Lieu
Ward isme 1 irajidly, and till be u
again. Visf are it allowed to ca
upon Gen,. .S 4ai'hut string hopes at
still entertaig athe will entirely rect
The guet "are fairly at work, or y
will douhii aye learned ere this diree
from Vera, A party of French Ia
'dies who hjv' rrived here, and who wer
along wiil :,traii attacked two day
since, give a' ryanimated account of ifh
actiun. On 'an only was killed on ou
side, a volu ,and he'lost his life whil
charging til Ii where the guerillas ha
posted" ems es. The French party i
on its way he eity of Mexico, but it i
to no parttcu ahrry about starting jus
now. Never' rs there a time, indeed
when the services. of a reginent of wel
mounted .'eains was so much needed ai
at present- ;;,re they here on the road
the Mexicans .1ould as soon become ever
more sick .opf gerila system than the'
are now of: r ar fighting. G. W. K.
P, S.-Sis riting the above, the cel
ebrated cour:e the English shorcl-ants
Rafael Beta t, has arrived from Mexicc
with letters "f the British packet at Ve
ra Cruz. e ays but little, yet it ha:
leaked ouL.1hztI they are organizing gueril,
las rapidlj ins bioth Mexico and Puebla,
All thie ro 'the la'ter city, and their
name is legt have received regular li
censes to ro d mufder on the road.
The .beauty :the system has already
manifestede Ifi for it is said they- have
already co, ced plundering their own
people n G W. K.
'clock, aon zn 'u 'a copy of the A.
merican Etge of this morning.. You will
see that news lbas been received from fly
city of Mexico.. brought by extraordinary
courier. The slight furtifications should
have been placed, this side of the capital
instead of Puebla, 'as at the latter it has
been determined upon not to make any re
Gen. Bravo, with the whole or a part of
the garrison ofPuebla, was met going up
1o the city of .Iexico-Canales., was met
this side of Puebla by the courier. He
had a cavalry lbrce with him. Some say
that Santa Amiua has fallen back upon
Oajaca, but noshing certain of him is now
Gen. Pattebon's divisioli, which is to
march in a day or two, has been reduced
to two brigadts instead of three, the 1st
under Col. Camb'ell, of Tennessee, and
the 2d under Gen. Quit man. Col. HLas
kell's regimet: of Tennesseans is to remain
here as part d the garrison. The 3d and
4th Illinois rgiments; under Cols. For.
man and Baler, have been joined to Gen.
A surgeon'sentist, named Kingsbury,
wrs found th morning, most horrihly cut
to pieces, oi the road to Cerro Gordo.
His groans tst attracted the attention of
some voluniers who were passing, and
they found im whh little life and coin
pletely fly blwvn, -althbtigh it is thought
he inay recrer with proper attention.
Trhis is the emmencemenit uf the guerilla
system. Heiad.been attacked by three
Mexicans, ad robbed of $500. The ap
pearance ofhe volunteers who brought
him in did nt indicnte any great indul
gence to anct Mexicans as might fall in
their power. - G..W. K.
- JmLA, May 4, ]17.
Orders-annobter orders. This morn
ing Gen. Quman's brigade of volunteers
was to take a the line of march towards
Pubia, and linorrow Col. Camubell was
to-move ;. buas tbe time fatr which many
df thevluntirs 'enlisted has nearly ex
pired', anid aaen' Scott has .ascertaihed
p)ositively th but fety of them- will re-en
list, he has piermined upon: disbanding
them here. al will send them all home.
This will of irse not only delay,btut alter.
his whole ple; he wvill gono furither than
P'uebla iwithtypresent for'ee. You in the
United Sratimay think that he has an
overwhelmid ~pow'er with him, and that
he is filly alito reno at will all over the
country ; 'tt he.trtuth is, that in the first
place he didhot have half-mien enough to
advance upc the capital of Mexico, nor
half- transpation- enough even'for wvhat
Theovoluiere going.home are the-Ma
bama, Geori ,-annd 1,t and 2d Tennessee
Regimwnts. Joonecan. blame them for
this movemJ. 'Not onh.y'ius their time out,
but ihey areit of clothing. and' many of
the comfortt hich make camp life even
bearable.' ~ey .have seeni service, too,
enough to 4,1y any body of' men not in
tenidintg~to tnIe-military lif, a business,
and now ar aturning'to their homes to
see their isi children, flamilies, and
friends, un-ell long tles of what they
have seen awhattbey have suffered. 1
la Had Gen. Scott a force suflicient
,h leave garrisons and keep up a regul
a- communication with his rear, and th
to march directly upon Mexico with a figl
it ing force even of 6 or 8000 men, the w
a- would be ended in one month's time,
s- Feast so far is this coantry waald be alt
er to make farther resistance of ary momen
e- but such a force he has not at Iris comtmat
b- just now. He may still go ors to the cal
y ital, even with what he ht, for there a
is not Metitans enough in arms to arre
d him; yet whether such a course would I
prudent. or whether such are his intentiot
g or not, is more than any one can say wt
y is not thorough into his secrets.
t There is a rumor that Santa Anna wit
it a large force intends attacking the nex
r, upward train, whrich will have a heav
t. amount in specie. It will be a costly ex
p periment to him, for the wagons will b
II guarded by a force sufficient to keep o
e every firelock in' Alexico. 0. W. K,
- We find the following P'roclAmation i
the Atmerican (Jalapa) Star. That pape
u. says, with some feeling, that if this mod
r1 of warfare is adopted, it will lhe the mos
sorrowful time Mexico has ever known
e War without pity, will be met with wa
s without pity !
r The citizen Mariana Salas, General -a
e Brigade and Colonel of the Regimen
I Hidnilgo, to my fellow-citizens.
s My Friends-The present moment i
a the most proper to execute the public
t spirit and forai a nation of men truly free
, When an enemy triumphs by his Ulnion to
I rob us of our dearest inteiests, there it
a nothing more sure and more certain that
to vanquish him hy valor and constancy.
For this end I have obtained per:nissior
to raise a guerilla corps, with which to
attack and destroy the invaders in every
tmanner imaginable. The conduct of thc
enemy, contrary both to humanity and
natural rights, authorizes us to pursue
him without pity [misericordia.] "War
r without pity and death!" will be the mottr
of the guerilla warfare of vengeance ;
therefore, I invite all my fellow-citizens,
- especially -my brave subordinates, to unite
at general headquarters, to enroll them.
selves, from 9 until 3 in the afternoon, so
that it may - be -organirxed in the present
week. JOSE MARINA SALAS'.
GENE RAL ORDERS-NO. 128.
iAgUAiThRS OFTOE AasY,
neigborha wil be in readiness to ad
vance soon after the arrival of trains now
coming lp from Vera Cruz.
2. The route and the time of commen
cing the march will be given at general
3. Major General Patterson, after de
signating a regiment of volunteers as a part
of the'garrison to hold this place. will put
his brigade successively in march. with an
interval' of twenty-four hours between
4. Brigadier General Twigg's division
will follow the movemeot,- aho- by brig
5. Each brigade, whether of regurars
or volunteers, will he charged with es
corting such part of the general supply
train of tho army as the chiefs of the
general staff may be ready to send for
6. Every man of the divisions-will take
two days' subsistence ih his havdrsbck.
This will be the general tile for all march.
es when a greater number of rations is not
7. As the season is near when the army
may not longer expect to derive supplies
from Vera Cruz, it must begin; to- look
exclasively to-the resources of the count ry.
8. These resources, far from being over
abundant n'ear- the- line of operations.
wotuld soon fail to support both thieariny
and the population, unless they be gather
ed in without waste amnd regularly issued
by quartermasters-an'd comtnissaries'
9. Hence they must be pauid' for, pr tihe
people will withhold, conceal or destroy
them. The people, moreover,- must be
conciliated, soothe' or del1 treated by
every officer and man of this army,- and
by all its followers.
10. Accordingly,- whbnsoever nialt'reats
unolfending Mexicans, t'alkes without pay
or wantonly destroys their property, of
any kind whatsoever,will prolong the war,
waste themeans, present and future, of
subsisting our ownl nin abd' atnimals'as
they successively advance into thie interior
or return to- our watering depot, and no
army can possibly drag after it to any
considerable distanice, no tatter what the
season of the yea. heavy articles of otead
stuffsi, mear atiil forage.
11. Trhose, therefore, who' rob, pibnder
or destroy the houses, fences, cattle, poul
try, grain, fields, gardens or' property of
any kind along the line ofour operations,
are plainly the enemies, of this army.
The general ii'chief would infinitely pre
fer that'the few who commit such oulra
ges should desert at onice and fight against
us ; then it would be easy to shoot them
dowtn or capture and hang them. -
]2. Will the great body of irntelligbnt,
gallant and honorable men wvho compose
this army tolerate the few mtiscreants who
perpetrate such crimes ?~ Again,thergena
eral-.int-chief confidently hopes t1w1. Le,.
hen, the guilty he protr.ptly seized' and
brought to the condhigo punishment,or the
good must. sufier the consequences, ini
suppties and loss of charaoter,.o'cr-imes not .
heir own. ,
13. To prevent straggling and maraud- a
ng, the roll of every company of 'the army I
ivill be callede at-every .halt .by or under I
Ihe eye of an- ohlicet-. In camps and it,
to quarters there must be at feast (hree'sue
ar roll calls daily ; besides, stragglers -:
M marches will certainly be murdered or
t- captured by rancheros.
ir 14. The waste of ammunition by ne*
at leet and idie or crinirral gring is a nro,
Ic serious evil in this arms. All ofncerire ar
; pecially charged to see that not a : ear
of tridge be lost from the want of care, Mar
) fired etcepi by order;' - drerwise, MAy
-e wa-gons anTfunioini wouh ltot suffice fon'
it the camnpaign, and it is diffcult to i'ndreaY.
e Let every man remember that it is unsgfe
s to meet the enemy without he' has forty.
D rounds in his cartrid'ge box.
15. every regiment that leave.wounded
h or sick men in the hospital will take eafe
, to leave a nunberof attendants, according
y to the requisition of the principal surgeon
- of tire hospitil. Those least able to march
a will be selected as attcmlcitrts. Te' ruie
' is general.
By command of Maj. Gen. Scott.
I. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. G.
.Prom the N. 0. Picayune of the 14It intL
t GUERILLA WAR ON THE RIW
r An attentive c'tfrerp'on'deirt atCarHffrgd
has enclosed to us the following order:
issued by Canales. It was found Ugod
f the Alkade of Guerrera'; who was at the
time in company with one of Cangleft
captains and in conjunction -with. him; as
was supposed, taking measures to carry it
into effect. Lieut. Bee, of Capt. Lamar'w - t,"1 J
compan'y of earinere, ha'ppened id 'o' e'
r pon them, arrested t'hem botli acid brought
From this ordet it is manifest tthat tber
guerrilla mode of warfare is to lie enfoceed
all along the valley of the Rio Grande.
It is tnortifying to reflect that a few disor
derly nren, s'cli aa filed from' the geld of -
hattle at Buena Vista and hid' tlemseltes
in the quarries before Monterey, hate, by
their murderous coduct, given color to -
the carges- wihir wihich Cataales commo
ces, t'nds l'ats i'- order t'nevetmheffes, ii
almost certain that tIhe system would hav'e
been put in practice upon the Rio Grande,
as it has been in the central States, had'
not thlese outrages happened.
FRojI:xa: BRt1'AI' or CAVALT.
Camp-in San Augustift April 4.
.this day sund'to the-Adjutant Inspec o -7
of the -National.Guards the followin
- leartr,-.wit the greatleliind t da
;ia&'Ct b niesiltirtha~esh anm d -; '
the' 'uadalpe." Theymae ion-r"*jY.. . - t
their own houses and by the side of their "
families, twenty five peaceable 1n:nad -
immediately shot ther.- To repel gjhirs' (~. 9jl
class of warfare, which' is not! war'but -+
atrocity in- all- itw fury, rhefe iir no other -
course l'eli t's than retaliation ;and ip 'or
der to pursue this method, rendered .ti.- 1'r
Ierative by the fatal circumstances above
mentioned' you- will' immediately declare
'hiartial law, with t'he understanding tha.
eight days after the publication of the
same every indivituil whb had not--rakea -
up arms (heinu capabl' of so doing) shall
lie consideed a traitor and instantly shot.
Martial laa beig in force,- you are t '
bound-to give no quarters to any Ameri-- A d
can-to wilt m you may meet or who may'
present linself t you though hg be with-=
out arms. You are also'diiected to'pub' :.
lish this to all the towns in'this Slate,
forcibly impressing them with the severe -
puishment that. shall be inflicted for tile'
least umi'ssibh- of this old'e'
We have arrived at that stae iii' 'lid I
our country reqeires the greatest sacrificej
her suns should glory in nothing but to
become soldiers; and' as brave Mexicais
to' meet' the'erisis. Therefore, if the army
of invasion continucs; and" out peolle r
tmami in the towns which they haveAne -
lested-,-they deserve niot one ray of sympa
thy ;'ot should ahy onq ever' cease to'
make war upon them. You' u'ill *nd-a
copy of this'to each of your subordiates.
and they are authori'ed to prodeed'against :
the chiefs of their squa:Irius' or agains
tlheir'colohels- or any 'other, eVen againsd __
me, for any infractiob' of- thib' ordhif-the,
wages war against us and even against
those peaceable citizens who, actuated by
ihnptr)er ilnp)bls'bs, desir'e'tb'remain quiet 'a s
in their houses.- Ever- these they kill. -~
without quarter, and this is the greatest -
favor they tmay expect from them. The '
ouly alternative left us, under rt'ee cir
cuanstanceiis r'eialiatiorr, ivhietn as the~.
strong right of the ofended against the
afietnding. *Towarry this into effect attaclil
yourmelfito thme authorities. Your failirr
tu'dd'this-will be consider'ed a crime of'ihe
greatest magnmitude. All the afliterO oC. 4'
the troops aure directed to assist you i4
-.arryin: out thuis order, and it it-diatitlty
understood there shall beirio. eteeptions.
NJeimher the clergy, mnilithey citizetta nor -n
ather persons shall-enjoy the privilege o -
remammig p~eaceably~at their haomes The "
whole of' the' corportataon shall turin out
with the citizetns, leaving solely as author
ty of the town one of the member.- who,
s oyver'the age of sixly years; at the samne
imet,-if all of'the-ombwers are capabile of
iearing~arms; then nuone skall lie excepted;
cav-ing. to ac'tisnme onte whoi is inceagable:
f military service. You yourself'museb* L
inl example to others, by conformuing a
his requisition. And l'send this to y'o * u
'or publications and'chmarge you to see it
,xceoted- in every particular, atnd commu
uiente it also to the pommandersuof the
quadron in your cliff, who will aid yoe
n carrying itnto effect those intructions;
ad itn fact you are directed to do- all an4 -
very thing which your patriotism nmay
nornmpa. God and Libertv!