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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUME X1I. TOO. T I NO. 43
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY.
BY WM1. F. DURISOE.
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Communications, post paid, will be prompt
ly and strictly attended to.
BY The following gentleiten tire announ iced
by their friends as candidates for the Otlice of
Tax Collector. at tlte ensting election
Col. JOHN QUATTLEBU3\,
GEORGE J. SHEPPARD,
S43ll'SON B, MAYS,
Lieut. JAMES B. HARRIS,
Maj. S. C. SCOTT,
LEVI R. WILSN.
S.UTH CAROLINA AND HER
Under this head, the Columbia Tele
giaph has ronre reflections calling the
attention of the citizens of the State to
the-subject, and appends ite following
list of the Cotton Factories aid Iron
Works in operation, and- giving ..such
inlornation to their progress-, as the
editors have been able to obtain,
C TTON PACTOnMES.
1. The DeKalb Cotton Factory', near
Camden-doing a fine business.
2. The Bivingsville Cotton Fattory,
-near Spantanburg C. H.-now the prop
eity of G. & E. C. Leitlhr-dtiing we;l.
. A new establislhiment now beitig
erected by Dr. Bivings, on a largescale
not yct in full operation, bit, Ii un in
intelligence aud energy of the pri oprietor
we htave no doubt of his success.
. ThitSaluda Fact oiV, nleai Colum
whic fits. been u.dergoing repairs
ralftn aSbeoung ate, i t ebitsunL
e n noqi
- or t e last three years
5. The Vaucluse Factory, near H ai
burg,.tder the managemen of Getiertil
James Jones, we utderstand is douig
6. The Graniteville 1'actory, near
Aiken, lately es~ablishe-, and tinder tlte
11 Mngemeltnt of that intetigent and pa
triotic cilzen, m. Gregt_, Esq. 11 is
nime alone is a guarttntee of tie success
of the eIstablishlent.
7. The Futon Factory. near State.
borg, under the management of Col.
Dyson, ait enterprising and meritorious
gent'elmn, is doinca well.
S. The M~ount Dearhorn Factory, on
lthe Catawha, lately pitt in operation,
under thei niagement n! its etiterprisin:
ptoprietor, D. Al. McCulloch, 19.q. is
bound it) succeed,
9. The! M1-arlhoroutih Ynrn Factory,
owned by M--ssrs. Twtisend & Nf'
Queen, and now leased to an etel pri
sing, Practical mantnfitctrer firtm t he
the Nomrth. In this F..ciory, we wtnr
siantd, none but white ope'ratives ate
}employed; but wve hatve not beent in
fortmed of its success, since it htas fillen
into the hands ofuthe pre sent les-e. For
several years previouts, ntader tite mtan
agemnenit of Mi. rlTwt5nn, lsq., we
believe it was doittg well.-The Yat n
mnanufauctured at this esialishmewnt .has
been, heretofore, mowtly contracted for
at the north, and shiped and sold at a
10. There is a sma;ll Factoryv at So
ciety 1l11l, owned by~ Cu!. Williu nst, fromt
wihhe supplies his own) plamnitaton
and those of the surt ounding neigthbor
hood,. with a vetsy sup~erior artlicle of
Cotton Bajgging. He atlso ships Yarnt
to ai northern market.
.11. There is, besides, un extensive
establishment of this kind, now in prto
gress of construtction near Chtarleston,
fhom which we have reason to <xpect
(hp jiest results; and seaveral minor es
;abalishments in the back cnuntry, where
water power, equal to any ini the world,
1. The Cherokee Iron Works, on
Broad River, in Spartanburg District,
veyextensivu-; tnnder the manag~emnnt
ofMaj. Thus, T. Twiss, dning~ a fine
-2. The Sotith Carolina Iron Works,
on Pacole-t in Spaurtanburtg District,
doing an) extensive business.
3. The. Kitng's Motuntain Iron WVorkos
on Broatd Rliver, in York Distric', doing,
acenrdin~g to a late report of their Board
pfDirectots, a very fine business.
Besides some minor establishiments, all
of whicht appear to be getting on suc
Statistics of Methodist Episcopal
Churrh .tRort.-Fi on the official min
utes of this Church for 1847, just p-ob
lished by Line & Tippitt, we gather
some rathie interesting statistics, though
not in one respect of the most gratifying
character. Thei e is a decrease of mem
bership amtuintitg to 12,741, of this
number 12,184 are whites. rhete are
twenty-four Conferences in union with
the Church, of which the Bahimore
Conference has the largest membership,
viz: 52,338 white and 16,3S7 colored.
Ohio stands next numerically, having a
white ni-nbership of 61,684, and col
ored 514. Philadelphia, New York
and Pitaburg are next. The Vermont
Conference has thesniallest. The total
ie.mbership in the twentyTour Confe,
rences is, white 600.941; colored 29,901;
[idia ns 716; total 631.538. There are
3,296 travelling preachers, 346 super
annuated, 4,913 local; total 8,555. c
These statistics do not include the South
ern branch of the Methadist church.
New York Com. Adv. S
The Divisinn in the Methodist Church. f
-A vriter in the Nashville Chritian c
Advocate, in a letter addressed to Rev.
Dr. Elliott, of' Cincinnati, tareatens, if r
the General Conf'erunce of' the Northern q
Methodist Church should refuse to di. t
vide the property with the Church a
South, that a suit in chancery may be
the result. And should the Court requiro U
the North to settle with the South on -
the plan of seperation, lie says that i. t
would oblige them to pay over to the
douth at least $150,000, in annual in(
stalments of $25,000 each. Should the I
Court disregpid the plan of' separation, i
and decide upon the principles of gene, a
ral equity, it will require the Northern
Book Huom tt pay over at once a sum a
qual to $340,000 more or less-. a
Died in the Harncst.-Last- evening I
as the Rev. Mr. Tappan, the excellent
cbaplii ol the Almns House, was con
cluding his opening ptayer in the chapel
of the institution, dur ing Divine service,
his voic faltered, and be suddenly f6.ll b
in the pulpit in an apopletic fit. Dr.
Reese, the resident physician, with sev
bt though patml consciousness return,
elf-bj the'use of restoratives, the ve-ne- I
ruble'ian samk dut ing the night under
inivetsal paralybis.-N. . Com. Adv.
Strange Case of Sannambulism -
At elevea o'clock on Sunday nightt last r
a ooving object was discovered perched 1
on the top of the liberty polo standing 1
at the corns'r of Gouveneur and Cherry
streets. The object was waitched for a
considerable time, when it beg-in to de.s,
cend. andI was disc'overeiid to be a mati,
Mr. Jesse Coonmbs, of 609 Vate!r str eet.
fie had nothirg on his pia son but a shirt
anld drinets, and on his reaching the
eroond be r-it quite a lonlg distiance be
fore he could well be overthken.
lie was then contveyd to the station
htou't., when ie appearled perfectly la
tional, but had not the least recullectin i
of whit had taiken place. H.- had retired
to b'ed at all eat ly hour, anl had escaped
'r. n his housei by a window. The pole
n lich h. ascetnded was one hurndit d aid I
twenty five feet h-gh. A mm e sinuIr a
case iof somnamtbolism we hive not re,
corded for a long time. -Ntw York Ez-.
T1he Black Death.-T he gr'eatesta
calanmity that mntkid have ever e'x
per'inced in theo formn of' pestiletnce, i
commnenced about the yeatr 1345. 1
II istoria:ns reiue thtat it commen ced ini:
Cathwauy, Chtina, and was pr1ecemded by I,
thte but's:tng of a lhuge mettotr, or glob.'
of' lire. It spu * ad ove r atll thIe kitownc
wo:tId, andl Dr. Web'ster says: "Thtis
plague wa's so deadly thfat att least htalIf'i
or two thhi d5 of' the huma~n tace perishede
in about eighty V eatrs. It wats most f'a- t
tatl in citie's, but in uto place died less
than u a thtird of' the inhabaitants. Inti
tmany cities perished ninte out of ten of't
the people, and imany places were whtolly
depoptulatted. In Lonidoni, 50,000 dead
bodies were buri'id in one grav'e-yatrd- I
In Norwich about the sanme rtnmber. In
Venice, diled 100,000-in Lubec, 90, I
000-in Florence, the satne number.t
In the East, pertshed twenty nuillions t
in one year. In Spain, thucedi~ease
raged three yeats, and carried off two I
thirds of the peleil. It was pariticutlarlyv
fatal in Dentmar k. It reachted the htigh-'
est northern laititudes ; it broken otut itn
Ieland, and was so fatatl, thmt the set
tlemtents are supposed rnot to have since
recovered thteir population. It was cal,
led thte " black death." It wais atti'ndedi
by a gtreat death of' fishes and an
Mrs. Digby stupposes that ithe reason
why pigeons have red legs and feet is
because they are out in all weather with
"rom the N. 0. Picayklne, Extra, of the 51k inst.
ARRIVA. OF T111 NEW ORLEANS.
The steansip New Orleans, Capt.
%uld, arrived this Morning, having lefi
era Cruz on the ht inst.
The British courier arrived at Vera
.ruz on the 31st of October, having
eft Mexico on the 29:i, to which date
ve have letters and p;pers.
Gen. Lane entered Puebla on the
.3th ult, with 3,000 nmen and six pieces
if artillery-so says a despat cli of Santa
nna. The latter could effect nothing
gainst hitm on the Pinal.
Gen. Smith has been appointed Gov
rnor of the city of Mexico. Ge neral
,-itrnan is about to return to the United
;tates. Gen. Shields, Capt. Philip
Cearney, Capt. Davis, Lieut. Kiger and
ither oficeis will acrompany him.
The health of the army is far from
iping good. The climate of the valley
if Mexico is not, as it appears, conge
dial to the constitutions of the South. It
9just as enervating and fatal to the
outhern, as is thait of Veta Cruz to the
iohern constitutions. The effective
rce of the entire army is reduced ten
I fifteen per cent.
The city of Mexico was filled with
unmors of peace, It was said that a
uorum had met at Queretaro, and that
he majority decided in favor of an
micable adjustment of difliculties.
The train which is come down will
c under the command of Col. Harney.
L great number of wounded officers are
Maj Gaines, Catpt. Cassius M. Clay,
wap'. Heady, Maj. Rowland, Capt.
)anley and Midshipman Rogets come
ome, and we are happy to add our
ssociate Mr. Kend:all.
Mr. Bankhead, the 3iitish Minister,
rrived at Vera Cruz on the 30th tilt.
nd was received with tmiliary honors.
A letter from an English house dated
'ueblam, October 20th, has been received
t Vera Cruz, from which our corres.
londent makes the following extract :
PUEBLA, Oct. 20.
S a However, we may soon
ave our communication open for 1500
tnericans left yesterday with eight
lieces of attillerv, and ettcred Atlisco,
istance.-Particulars have not yet
This will make our State Government
amove to a distance, and carry aloig
itR it the guerrillas which have been
oing so muich inijny. They all (guer
illas) came from a distance-lhe pnpu
ion in our own imme Jiate neiglibor
-od never having shown any great dis
osition to take up aris in the present
Tme principal part of the force re
ently under Santa Anna is understood
a have marched for Puebla. Being
tirely utnprovided for, they subsisted
v tapine and plunder.
Lieut. C. G. Daniels, of the 2d Ar
I ery, has diled of his wounds.
It is said, and we believe truly, that
,apt. Walker, (:f the Rifes, was killed
a tie affair at IlIuamantIa, Capt. W.
,-t th - castle o'' Perote in commaid of
irev cotiimanies in advaire of Gen.
;ane's train. Nine miles south of Pit
bhi he net 900 Mexicans, said to lie
nidecr thle immnediatte commanatd of Sanitta
tina In c::aigittg, Capt. W. receivetd
lance wiiund ent irely tharough~ i the bmd,u,
tnlds, lost a leg by a ctannoit shot.
is pecrsonal antagonist in thte chiarge,
nd whlo Ia nced himt, wvais a ceh-brated
uerilla chief; it is said that fhe hatd
woirit vengeance against Capt. WV.
amt lhe, too, fell in the coanflict, and by
Valket 's hands, receving two balls from
Cap ft. Layvall, and eiebtteen mien of his
iomUpatty of' moun ted Georgiants, antd
rm six to ten of the Rites, atre also
nwnv to kav e bte killed in the chatrgt
1 Ca pt. Waikem. A tman nam, d Ra
trg, of Balhiaimre, itnterprter foer Cap lt.
Valke'r, lust a le". fruom a dischmarge of
iillery. Col. WVyn knop writes that
at the Me'xicants were slaiughtierered
fer this like sheep.
A duel was fought neat Vera Crtui,
etween Capts. Wanington anad WVhite,
~ih muskets, at sixty piaces. At the
rst lire Capt. WVanrinigton received a
all tharought the fleshy part of botha legs
elow the knee'.
A duel wvas fouaght atbout the 24 th ult.
tmvwe'en Caipt. Porter of the rities, and
rcher of the vohigeurs. At the seconad
ire Capt. Archer wvas shtot in thme aibdo.
nn-a severe but nut a danagerout
Ga'n. Mo~Jra y VTdamnil haas beena ap
maminted Me-xier 1 Secretary of WVar.
Lit'm 'hatck. .iord. of the 2d Artillery
mas dieti ofhais wounds.
As fatr back as the 14th uilt. Gens,
~il w and Shields wero able to he
The 'Leonidas' letter made a grea
tir in the army. One of the abovt
luls grew nnt of it.
The i erican Star says that the
Americ 6inve entared Orizaba. Theni
force wa out 400-we suppose prin
cipally,. unted men. No opposition
was mad o' tlem. Many merchants
went in . them.
Gen.' tierson's command has not
left Vera ritz. It will *be conioed
of tit _ 5000 men. The Texan
Ranger hp with him.
Assist Surgeon Tredwell died at
Vera Cr n tbe 24th ult., of vomito.
Gen. hall is ill at Vera Cruz and
will not ble to go up with General
Patterso He will, wair till Gen. But,
ler's. divi -arrives. --
Liiut. kn, of the South Carolina
Regirnei d Capt. H uddlesnn, of the
14th laare dead; the former of
Ils woun :,nd the latter of a bowel
There Rseveralhhocks of an earth
quake e city of Mexico on the
morning he 2d of October, and again
at midoi on the 5th. Thev do not
appear to ve been very severe, as no
d imaage j doe in the city with the
exceptio' eking a frFw walls.
A ne has been established in
the cap entitled La Razon. It is
publishe irely in Spanish, is a dem
ocra tic r and advocates the re-es
tablishm f the constit ution of '24.
Lieu . Deph D. Bacon, of the 6th
Infanr'ry- d on tm 12tl uilt. of wounds
received e battle of Churubusco.
The . aper El Mezicana of the
14th-ui ja it has received letters
from 'Q tro, in which it is stated
thate -3monte has been received
there tIrked courtesy by the
person .-appeared to be most in
power, .1,iihwas reared that they were
concocts t.pronunciamento against
the 1iwf erntent.
Tues American, a new paper
estaish" .he capital, and published
in b1th Iad Englitsh, says, Ott
the 35th It appears that a large
number . .puties of the Congress,
foriin ' ti , have got tip a protesi
a ga init Pella holding the Pa e
s ie tial
pc n ofthe New York Re
itp teers died on the 10th
am.-recei - - ninaig
Senor Rosa, the Mexicain Secretary
of State, has, under the instructions of
Pena y Pena, addressed Sant. Ana a
note from Toluca, ordering him to giv.
up the command of the army to Get.
R1incon, until his conduct ini the late
battles shall have been investigated by
a inflitary'oouncil or court martial.
A letter dated the 12li tlt., received
at the capital from Qweretaro, says Pena
y Pena had just arrived, in comiapany
with a few deputies, itaking the total
number in the capital a bout fifty. It
was thought, says ihe Star, endeavers
would be male at once to orgamar - a
Governnicnt, which would setile ahe
qnstion of peacc or war. Ifa quorum of
Cungress could be assenbed, the lirst
question whiichli would be brreng!ht up
would be the presidency. Aloate
wias spoken of as the caididate of the
Pmois and some of the MA doros, and
O'aguibel, Governor of the State ol
Mexico, as the candidae- of the oppo
sing parties. Nearly all the oflicers of
thle dlisperse~d a rmiy were at Qaeretarel,
daml it is said found it hiard to obtaini sub
The military force at Qauetetaro con
sisted of about 1,00t0 cavalry uand inifan
try, with six pieces of artillery fromu
G'uadalajara, under the commnanad oh
Thle Star is assairedl by a Mexican
tat thle cathedral of Guaidatlajara lied
been saicked by the p erties opposineg thet
Ichmu chi. T1he S tar ilainks there is seame
thitng imnpotrtant and 'deep rooted' in
Ea:rthquake, says the Not th A meric-nti
of the 30th til., are att the presenit time
of very frequent ocecurrence ini this beau
uiful cotuntry. A few days ago the vil
Igae o' Ocotla was totally destared,
Thet Canton de la Bairca lhts also suafl.ored
a severe shake, tharowing~ dnwn hantses
andJ the tower of the ptrincipal chatrch.
We have had four or these unpiletasant
visitors in this city since our occupitlat
The 'Mexican Eagle,' is the name of
a ne w Mexican journatl, juast comamenced
at the capital. The editor does not be
lieve in opposing obstacles to any nego
It iations that may lead to an amnicable ad
jIustment oaf the differences, and says thait
'Paoviee has decreed the dlestinly of
the nation. The folloewing is the stab.
stan~ce of a muotto at the head of the
E~agle :'An honorable peace ennobles
nations, and the magnantimity of dhe
north will not let them offer us termis
other than honiorablo.'
Gens. Rincon and Bravo have been
exchanged for Capts. Heady and C. M.
Clay. and other Encarnacion priso
r, Th~ere has been a revolution in Gua
dalajara. Mr. Kendall thinks Gomez
Farias is at the bottom of it.
From the Chars. Erening ANees.
ANOTIHERt LAUREL FOR SOUTH CAROLINA.
TheIl correspondent of the Missouri
Republican, writing from the "National
Palace, City of Mexico, Sept. 28,"
over the signature of "Gomez," gives a
ivery interesting account of the storming
of Chapultepec and the city or Mexico.
le announces two facts which are in the
highest d gree honorable to the only two
volunteer regiments engaged in those
aflUrs, and-which we do not recollect to
have noticed in the imperfect accounts
already laid before our reatlers. One
of these is, that the first colors given to
the breezefrom the citadel of Chapul
trpec, wcre the Regimental colors of the
Neo York Regiment, and the other,
that the Palmetto banner of the South
Carolina Regims.nt was the frAt Amer
ican standard that floated from the
walls of Mexico,
Our readers will remember thdt the
recent letter of "'Mustang," of tho New
Orleans Delta, in which it was stated
ihat the first person who entcred the Zity
f Mexico was our fellow-citizen, Lieu.
tenant Stuart, of the Rifles, who leaped
the ditch and led ilic way into the city.
The light corps-ihe Rifles and the
Voltigeurs-were of course in the ad
vance; immediately after these came
our own gallar' Regiment, ever foremost
in the fight; and to the brave Lieutenant
Sellick, of the color company of that
Regiment (and who was wounded in the
exploit,) belongs the honor of having first
planted the proud ensign of our State
upon the outer walls of the Mexican
We annex tlit part of the letter of
"Gomez," which relates to these tran
But as I design ibis simply ns a has
ty sketch, reserving a description of the
works, the distinct operations of each
division, &c., for a mote leisure mio
mnt, I cannot parttilniize. Both
Gen. Pillow and Gen. Shieltt were
wounded; Colonel Ransom, 6f the 9th
Inmfatry, and Mjo Twigk; of the Ma
-rtZT .m, .t.~ . ,
New York Regiment, mortally wonided,
and has since died. Gen. Quitsman's
vo!unteer division in this attack bore
the brunt of the batile, and the firs: col
ors given to th breez from the citadel
of Chapitlepec we-re the regimental col
ors of the New York regiment.
Go. Shields was woumled in the left
arm with a slug iii the early lvart of the
charge -.ipon the work, and; retiring a
short finie to have it bound up, tninedi
atelv returned to his command, where
he remained until hnstilities ceased for
that night. G!'n. Pillow was wounded
in the leg while leading his command
throuch a wood at the baso of Chapul.
tepvc, andi for a wile it was s ipposed
lie would lose it. lie is, however, doing
well, and in short time will be able to
take comma lnd of his division again.
Immediately on taking Citapultepec,
and as soon as hts division could be form
ued and re-suipplie~d with a mmunition,
G.-n. Quitnan adv.imced upon the city
by the way of Chapnihepec causeway,
T his was the most direct toute to the
city, imniediately in range of the hesavi,
est bateries and th-e citadel of the ene
my had the principal portion of his force
pos5ed. Ther fire was conceded, by all
who participated in or witnessed the
struggle to the most severe atid itrcessant
that uever a body of men adlvanced under
in any war of whlich history furnishes an
account. The several batteries of the
enemy thro wn across the cau'setway were
severe-lly attacked and cart ed, G en.
Qiitmmnalways leading ini the advance.
Naxt he chairged upon the Garita de
Belen, (the gate of Belen,) the main
enpati ance intoi the city,. and at twenty
minimes past one o'clock carried iri and
took aposinton withini the city of M~exi
co. Whetn our advance first reached
the garita, there being no flag among
thenm, Gin; Quitmant took a large silk
red hand kerchief, and fastening it to the
1t0p of a rifle, waved it in triumph from
the walls of the city. A few nmonments
afterwards, however, die color company
of the Soth Carolinta regiment came up
when Lt. Sellick, of that regiment, ran
up the Palmectto colors, by order of
Ge'n. Quitmain, from a small building
near it, and whlile gallantly waving it
amuid the shouts and tutzzas of the entire
divisioni, lie wais severely wounded in
th hg.Thus it will be seen that
bothifrm thte citaidel of Cha puhtepec
and fromt the walls of the city of Mexi
co, the first American standlatds that
weeevnto the winds wetre those of
wociznsoldier regiments-the New
Ym,,k aind Sombth Carolina, and both of
G en. Shield's brigade.
An Important Incident ofthes War.
-The Natinlni1nrlligneer nublishes
a letter from Mexico; date'd September
28, which relates at least one incideit
connected with the capture of that city,
whichi his not before coiie to our knowla
edge. It appears that on the 13th of
September, after tT fortilications at
Chapultepec had been carried, and
Gens. Worth and Quitman had fought
their way into the city; "and when out
Sparian band anticipated a fiercer strug
gle during the ensuing day than that
whinlh they had just'ncountered, Com.
missioners were despatched froim ad
city of Mexico, on -,the part of the
municipal authorities, id 'Tcubaya, to
agree upon ternis.of capittilation with the
General-in-Chief. Tbey arrived abodt
midnight and continued their intervie*
until near daylight; without accom.
phishmig any thing. en. Scott inform.
ed them thdt he *ould sign ahy papet in
the city that h6 would ot of it; and
that, as they had Eauied him all the loss
and trouble they could, lie intended his
army shodld now march into the city in
triumph, utnrestricted, by any terms f
Gas from Rosin.-We some time
since alluded to a discoVery made by
B. F- Coston, Esq., by which he was
able to generate gas from rosin, whiti
gas produced a light not equalled by any
now known, for brilliznay, strength and
economy. He was-employed by the
Goverinment to light several light
houses by this plan, and in every case
was fully successlal. We learn that
more recently, Mr. Coston has beed
the means of organiting the Sylvic Gas
Light Company, o1 South Boston, has
been appointed Supei-intending tngi
neer; and is now engiged in constructing
apparatus for various mills, hotels, fac
tories, churches, &6. In short, the
experiment has been eminently success
ful, an.i the invention is not only
calculated to realize, for its author, fame
but fortune.-Bali. Clippbr.
Rilesfor a Man.-i.' Marry notg
woman who cannot make a shitt or cook
a meal's victuals.-Such a wife6wldst
keep d man poj al ..h
herself bettei than eveiy hody. else4
because it shows a want of sense, sh
will have but few friends.
3. Marry not i woman who is fre
quently finding fault with others, becasd
she will be eternally scolding.
4. Marry not a woman who is fond
(f spinning street 'fain ; because suei
a woman will never be doniented at
5. Marry not a wdm,.n *ho is id
the habit of slandering her neighbors,
and giving edr to the gossipping she
hears ; such women nake the very
worst of wives.
Editori.-An editor's dmties, (ssyg
somebody) even in a case eomparatively
unimportant, are enormous and unthank
ful ; thase he praises, "love him less thad
their dinner ;" ind those he finds fault
with, "hate him a6oit-e than thd
Piont thi Charleston Eve. eoi
GRlEAT SPEED on LOCOMOT1Vl.E
We often see heralded., in the papers.,
-Greit Inmprovements,'. 'N'w Invenitings?'
and *Potented l.ocomnotives,' lif which a
s peed of some forty or' |(fy miles n'as beed
attained. On a mnoregpcedi obcasiob i+d
have pubtlished "A New,inglish Locouid
live," runing on trial ttips sixty inasilty.
six mites au hour; uh'e reader is heuce
led td the conclusion that ingenuttyj
discovered some n'ew - pplicatio'n of tle
mechanic powers, producing thess 110od.
derful resulhs. A Locomotive ied
cine which is itself move: by .S itaf
engine. Trhe eipanelve feuwer Of @e~m
in the piston originates the moton,~ which
is commnnicated by a r-od t'o U wheel, the
revolutions and ta-cto of #iehai impart
adhesion and velociiy to t'hi6 wvhole eon
trivance. It is self-evide'rjr, therefore, thai
with expansive power stishcient in a piston,.
of proportionate dinstn~ons, almost any
speed may be acquired by an inacreaued
dianieIsr of tlie woheel. A larger or smaller
piston contains more or less of the power
of steam: and t'hi rapidity of thbe stroher
imparts the like velocity to the wheel. A
wheel, therefore, of ten feet diameter, withs
the same number of revolutions per mini.
ute, tlust pass over double the space that
one of five feet wvould perform.
The John C. Calhoun, on the Soutfr
Carolina Road, with vwesof ffve and
hall' feet diameter, hasow a tritaI~ trip rum
at aspeed of a mile in one minute, orma
the rate of sixty miles in one hour. By an
increase therefore of ber &oiler to furniiair
the quantum of steam necessary, and of
her risim o-ro artain the pogyer, and doubt
ling the diameter of her iiVheel to elevem
feet, a velocity of one bndered and 'wenty
miles might be obtained in one hmour, Tihr
enlarging of the driving ' heels. howeser,
'mnvolves the elevation of the whole ma.
chinle, which may be so high above the
track as to become hazardous at 'these
high speeds, without a wider~gsuge. The
u heels. however, may e a ialargd to .sck