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" We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and .nust fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruin&"
VOLUME X111. ?r ""a, I T 3 1 "25 12% %% C V:. 43:m v aet
PUBLIS H ED EVERY wEDNrSDAY.
BY WM. F. DURIISOE.
&DITOR & PROPRIETOR.
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Comnmuuications, post paid, will be prompt
ly and strictly attended to.
DT The rillowmng genriemen are annonced
by their friends as candidates for the Oflice of
Tax Collector. at the ensuing election:
Cot. JOHN QUATTPLEBU.1,
GEORGE J. SH EPPARD,
SAIMPSON B, MAYS,
Lieut.JAMIE$ B. HARRIS,
Maj.s. C. SCoYiT,
LEVI R. WILSON,
S.,;UTH CAROLINA AND HER
Under this head, the Columbia Tele
giaph has some reflections calling the
attention of the citizens of the State io
the-subject, and appends the following
list of the Cotton Factories and Iron
Works in operation, and giving such
information to their progress, as tle
editors have been able to obtain,
C TTON FACTORIES.
1. The DeKalb Coiton Factory, near
Camden-doing a fine business.
2. The Bivingsville Cotton Fattnry,
scear Spanitanburg C. H.-now the prop.
e-ty of G. & E. C. Leithir-doitng well.
3. A new es'ablisliment now being
-erected by Dr. Bivings, on a large'scale
-not yet in full operation, but, f orn ine
intelligence and energy ofthe pt oprietor
we base no docbt of his success.
4. The Saludai Factory, neac Coum
S which has-been undergoing repairs
r eSuccinr b toe. i
been~T ats 4idTaie 311ne
or elast ifiree years
5. The Vaucluse Factory, near Haina
burg, under the management of General
James Jones, we uanderstand is doiig
6. The Granitiville ;actory, near
Aiken, lately s:ablishedi, and under tle
iainagenent of that iticel:igenct and Ila
triotic citnzfn, Wmn. Greg% , Eq. Iliis
name alone is a guarantee of the surcess
of the establishmctent.
y. The Futton Factory. near Stite
burg, under the inagiement (if Col.
Dyso, an enter prisingll and meri;orious
gentenan, is doing well.
S. The Mouni Dearhorn Factory, on
the Citawba, lately pum in op-ration,
tnder hlie nnameiit o! its ene-prisin
proprietor, D. 1. McCulloch, Lq. is
bound t) stcceced.
9. The Narlhoroneh Yrn Factory,
owned by .M-srs. Townse-nd & 1'
Queen, atid now leasel to an ienI pi
sing, practical nunfactmicer from the
thei Nrcuth. In this F..cuory, we cntder -
stanud, nione but. whiite op'ractives mcce
emlloyed; but we hauve not bieen in
formed of its success, since it his iein
into the hanids ofthe preet le~ssu-e. For
several years pre'vioncs, uneder tihe mean
aneet of M. Townsend, Esq., we~
believe it was udoineg well.-Tce Yar n
manufactured at this estabtlishmeont .has
been, herretcofore, muostly contr'acd for
at the unorthe, and shipped arnd sold act a
10. There is a sneail Faicrc y at Sn
cit LI1ill, owvned lby Gol. WVillicnns, hi oma
wvhiche he snipplie-s his own ph ant.ccionc,
and those of the sturnuneding n-siglhor
hood,- with a ver y superior arclicle of
Cotton Baiging. Ile also ships Yaurn
to ai northercn cmacket.
.11. There is, besides, an extensive
establishmnct of this kind, now in pro0
gress of constructiucn near Charleston,
frm which we leave reason to c xpect
(hip best results; and several minor es
;aIalishments in the back country, where
water power, equacl to any in the wvorld,
1. The Cherokee Iron Works, on
Broad River, in Spartainburg District,
ofr extensivc; tcnde'r the ma~nageen't
ofMaj. Thtus, T. Twiss, doing a fine
2. The. South Carolina Iron Worcks,
on Pacohi-t in Spairtanbuarg District,
doing nt e-xten)sive busin'ss.
3. The Kineg's Moucntaini Iron WVo'r,
on Broad River, in Yeck Disttic', doing,
acenrdicig to a late recport of theii Board
of Directors, a very- fmno business.
Besides some minor establishments, all
of which appear to be getting on stuc
Slatistics of Methodist Episcopal
Churek flortih.-From the official min
uties of this Church for 1847, just pulb
lished by Line & Tippitt, we gather
some ratlie interesting statistics, though
not in one respect of the most gratifying
character. Thei e is a decrease of mem
bership amounting to 12,741, of this
number 12,184 are whites. There are
twenty-four Conferences in union with
the Church, of which the Balhimore
Conference has the largest membership,
vizt 52,338 white and 16,3S7 clored.
Ohio stands next numerically, having a
white mtembership of 61,64, and col
ored 514. Philadelphia, Newy York
'ind Pitbburg are next. The Vermont
Conference has thesniallest. The total
tmmbership in the twentyTour Confe
rences is, white 600.941; colored 29,901;
ittdia ns 716; total 631.538. There are
3,296 travelling preachers, 346 super
annuated, 4,913 local; total 8,555.
These statistics do not include the South
ern bianch of the Methodist church.
New York Com. Adv.
The Division in the Methodist Church.
-A witer in the Nashville Clititian
Advocate, in a letter addressed to Rev.
Dr. Elliott, of Cincinnati, ireatens, if
the General Conference of the Not thern
Methodist Church should refuse to di
vide the propeity with the Church
South, that a suit in chancery may be
the result. And should the Court ucquire
the Nortih to settle with the South on
the plan of seperation, he says that .
wouid oblige them to pay over to the
douth at least $150,000, in annual in,
stalmenis of $25,000 each. Should the
Court disregtnd the plan of- separation,
and decide upon the principles of gene
ral equity, it will require the Northern
Book [luom to pay over at once a sum
equal to $340,000 more or less.
Died in the HIarness.-Last, evening
as the Rev. Mr. Tappan, the excellent
chaplain ol the Alms House, was cot
cluditig his opening payer in the chapel
of the institution, dur ing Divine service,
his voice faltered, and lie suddenly f6ll
in the pulpit in an apopletic fit. Dr.
Reese the resident physician, with sev
bit though partml consciousness return
eifbj the-use of restoratives, the vene
rabledian san-k dfusing the night under
univeisal paralysis.-NV Y. Com. Adv.
Strange Case of Sannambulism i
At eleven o'clock on Sunday night last
a iuving object was discovered perched
on the top of the liberty pole standing
at the cornser of Gouveteur and Cherry
streets. The object was watched for a
considerabl time, when it beguin to dts,
cend. an I was discuvei'd t b- a man,
Mr. Jesse Coombs, of 609 Vater st iet.
He had nothing on hispmsoni hut it shirt
and dr ners, and on his reaching thle
eroind :ie ra ti quite a long distiace be
fore lie could weil be overtaken.i
le ais then coiveyed to the station
ht.ime, wlin lie appeared perfectly la
tonal, but liad nt the least recullection
of what had takin place. 1- had retired
to b':d at nt em ly hour, andl had escaped
fr in his bou5.' bty a wiulow. The pole
Shicih e ascended was one hunidt d and
twietyfive fee't hght. A mttme singuhir
carded fra long timte. -Nw York Ez,
The Black De:ath.-T he greatest
calantity that mnkitid have ever eo
pe(rientced in the~ formt of pest iletnce,
commtnenced about the y'ear 1343.
ilistorians rel ate that it commiten ced ini
Cathwaiy, Chitna, and wais precede~d by
the burstintg of au huge mtet tvor, or gl ob'
of tire. it spti ad over aill the kntowtn
worlId, and Dr. Webhster says: "This
plague wvas so deadly that aut leaist halIf
or two thhtds of the hunmani race perished
in abouw eighity 'eats. It wats most fa
tiaI ini cit ies, but in nto place died less
thanu a tird of the inihabitan ts. ia
manny cities perished nitne out of' ten of
the people, anid many plaices werre whlolly
depoptulated. In Lundon, 50,000 dead
bodies were burid in one grave-yard.
In Norwich atbouit the same numbler. In
Venice, (lied 100,000-in Lubec, 90,
000-in Florence, the same number.
In the East, pertshed twenty nuallinats
in one year. in Spain, the dlisease
raged three yeats, and carried off two
thirds of the peopho. It was~ particularly
fa tal in Den matk. It reacedu te high
est northtet n litirtds ; it brokeni out ini
lcelatd, and was so fattal, that the set
tlemtents are stupposed tnot to have since
recovered their populttion. It wats cal
led lie " btlick dleath." It was attended
by a ga eat death of fishes anid ait
Mrs. Digby supposes that the reason
whty pigeons~ have red legs and feet is
because they are otut in all we-athier wvitht
nu shoes or stockings.
From the N. 0. Picayane, Extra, of the 51k inst.
ARRIVAL OV THE NEW ORLEAN'S.
The steamship New Orleans, Capt.
Auld, arrived this morning, having left
Vera Crui on the 1st inst.
The British courier arrived at Vera
Cruz on the 31st of Ocrober, having
left Mexico on the 29:h, to which date
we have letters and papers.
Gen. Lane entered Puebla on the
131li ult, witi 3,000 men and six pieces
of artillery-so says a desp;atch of Santa
Anna. The latter could effect nothing
against him on dhe Pinal.
Gen. Smith has been appointed Gov
ernor of the city of Mexico. Guneral
Qoittman is about to return to the United
States. Ge-n. Shields, Capt. Philip
Kerney, Capt. Davis, Lieit. Kiger and
oter officers will accompany him.
The health of the army is far from
being good. The climate of the valley
of Mexico is not, as it appears, conge.
nial to the constitutions of the South. It
is just as enervating aid fatal to the
southern, as is that of Veia Cruz to tlie
Norelwrn constitutions. The effective
force of the entire army is reduced ten
oi fifteen per cent.
The ci!v of Mexico was filled withi
rumors of peace, It was said that a
quorum had met at Q'wremro, and that
the majority decided in favor of an
amicable adjustment of difficulties.
The train which is come down will
be under the connand of Col. [larney.
A great number of wounded officers are
Maj Gaines, Capt. Cassins M. Clay,
Cap'. Hleady, Maj. Rowland, Capt.
Danley and Midshipman Rogeis comeI
home, and we are happy to add our
associate Mr. Kend:dl.
Mr. Bankhead, the British Minister,
arrived at Vera Cruz on the 30th ilt.
and was received with mriliiary honors.
A lettrr from an English house dated
Puebla, October 20th, has been received i
at Vera Cruz, from which our corres. t
pondent makes the following extract : t
PUEBLA, Oct. 20. I
* However, we may soon a
have our comimunication open for 1500 s
Americans left yesterday with eight
pieces of at tillery, and entered Arlisco,
sistance.-Particulars have not yet (
This will make our State Government c
remove to a distance, and carry along I
with it the guerrillas which have been r
dloing so much iij.iy. They all (guer- i
rillas) came fron a distance-the popu- I
lation in our own inimeliate neighbor, t
h-ood never having shown any great dis- i
position to take up arms in the present
rhe principal part of the force re
cently under Santa Anina is nniidertood v
to have marched for Puiebla. Being i
etitirely unprovided for, they subsisted v
by rapine and plunder.
Lieut. C. G. Daniels, of the 2d Ar
tillery, has di-d of his wonunds.
It is said, and we brelieve truly, that (
Capt. Walker, of the Riwes, w killed q
in the afftir at 1luaianitla. Capt. W. v
left th- - castle o'' Peroe in commaind of v
three colmianics in advarnce of Gen. I
Lanie's triin. Nine miles sonthi of Pn
r bib he meu 900 1lexicans, said to be il
tnder the immiidiate commanidtd of Sanita s
A4nnta In c:,atging, Capt. W. received
a lantce wound ent irely tharough~i the tidy, d
andm also lost a leg by a cantnoni shot.
II is personal anitagonist in the charrg",
and who lanice'd him, wa~s a celebrated s
guerili la chief-, it is said thait lie had
sw'ora vengeanrce against Capt. WV.(
But lie, too, fell in the conflict, and by(
Walket:'s hanids, receving twvo balls from
his revolver. I
Cap1t. Layalhl, anid eiebiteen nien of hiis I
comipanty of~ mouinted Geonrgianis, and c
from six to ten of thle Rifles, arre also I
knrown to kav e been k illed] in rtie chartge
of Capt. Wialkei. A mua n nam-i d Rat
borg, of Bah iimire, initerpireter fomr Capt.
Wal Iker, lost a lers from a d ischairge ol
at iliery, Col. Wynkmiop wvrites thati
that the Mexicaiis wvere sluaughiterered I
afte'r this like sheep.
A duel was fought neat Vera Cria
between Capts. Wart ington arid Whliie,
with muskets, at sixty parces. At their
first tire Capt. Wartringion received a
ball thirouigh the fleshy piart of both hcgsc
below the knee.
A dluel wvas fouight about the 24 th uht.
between Capt. Porter of the rifles, and
Archer of thev~ohrigeurs. At the second I
fire Carpt. Archer was shot in the abdo-t
men-a severe but riot a dangerous '
Gin. Mora y' Vdtaniil has beenr up.
pointed NMxicarn Secretrary of War.
Liieit. Sharckelford, of the 2d ArtilleryI
has dliedc of his woutnds.
As fa~r back as the 14th tilt. Gens.
Pillow and Shields wvere able to be
The 'Leonidas' letter made a grealt
stir in the army. One of the above
duels grew out of it.
The- erican Star says that the
Americ bave entAred Orizaba. Their
ro rce wi bout 400-we suppose prin.
:ipally unted men. No opposition
was mad to them. Many merchants
,vent in, h them.
Gen. terson's command hat not
eft Vera r.nz. It will 'be conmoied
> at. le 5000 men. The Texan
Ranir - p with him.
Assist Surgeon Tredwell died at
Vera n die 24th ult., of vomito.
Gen. shall is ill at Veia Cruz and
will not- ble to go up Wil General
Patterso -e wil.wairtill Gen. But,
er's div arrives. ,
Lieut n,of the South Carolina
legten d Capt. lnddleson, of the
[4t laf y, are dead; the furmer of
lis woun a'nd the latter of a bowel
Theie re severalshocks of an earth
luake e city of Mexico on the
norning he 2d of October, and again
it miduti "'on the 5th. They do not
ippear t ve been very severe, as no
hmage dqge in the cliy with the
xcepuio eking a fr.w walls.
A ne has been established in
he capi) entitled La Razon. It is
lublished tirely in Spanish, is a dem
Icratic p and advocates the re-es
ablishme f the constit ution of '24.
Lieu .. cph D. Bacon, of the 6th
nianrry 'd on the 121h uit. of Wounds
eceived e battle of Churubusco.
ThE D aper El Afexicana of the
4th~. tt it has received letters
rom. Q .aro, in n bich it is sia:ed
hat'Ge monte has been received
here ' -irked courtesy by the
ierson - rdappeared to be most :n
iower, - was feared that they were
onoct. pronuncianiento against
he lif ernment.
Te American,a new paper
stablisf( he capital, and published
a bgotl I and English, says, on
he 15th It appeari that a large
umber' p-ties of the Congress,
or1Ting t', have got up a protest
aiiit Pena hulding the Pie
n of the New York Re
t 'n tilers died on the 10;hi
Senor Rosa, the Mexican Secretary
f State, has, under the instructions of
ena y Penn, addressed Sant,. Anna a
oie from Toltca, ordering him to giv.
p the command of the army to Gen.
Uincon, until his conduct in the late
attles shall have been iivestiiated by
iilitary'eouncil or conrt martial.
A letter dated the 12th ih., received
t the capital from Qieretaro, says Pena
Pena had just arrived, in company
ith a few deputies, making the total
umber in the capital about fifly. It
'as thought, says the Star, endmeavers
ould b,: maJe at once to orgait- a
sovernmntC, which would setile the
uestion of peace or war. Ifa quorum of
jonugress could be assembled, the first
nestion which would be brcneht up
ould be the pres;idency. Alnonte
ms spoken of as ihe candidate of the
'Imos and some of the, M dros, and
)aguibel, Governor of the State oh
I xico, as the candidate of' tie oppo
ing parties. Nearly atlh the officers of'
to dispersed army w"ere at Qaearo,
ind it is said round it h::rd to obtain sub
The military force at Quer etaro enn
isted of' about 1,000) cavatlry aind infan
ry, withI six pieces of artillery fi-ont
uadallajara, uinder the commaund of
The Statr is assured by a Mexican
thtt the cathedral of' G utdalajaira ha~d
ean sackpd by the pirties opposing the
hut clh. The Star thinks there is somec
ing impoitatit and 'deep rooted' in
lrsarthquiake, says the Noth A merieri
f' very frequent oc'cutrence in this beau
iful coutntry.- A few dayvs ago thea vil
tae of Ocotha was totally destirayed,
rite Canton de Ia Barca has also sufl.-red
severe shake, tharowitig down houses
ndI the tower of the ptrincipal church.
Ve have had four or these unpleasant
isitors in this city since our occupation
The 'Mexican Eagle,' is the name ',f
new Mexican journal, just commenced
t te capital. The editor dloes not be
ieve in opposing obstacles to any nega,
intions that may lead to an amicable aid
ustment of the differences, and say's that
bovidence has decreed the daestiniy of'
he nation. The following is the sub
t;nce of a motto at thie head of the
agle :'An hionotable peace ennobles
ations, and the magnanimity of' the
orthi wvill not let them offer us terms
abler thatn hontorable.'
Gens. Rincon and Bravo have been
xchanged for Capts. Heady and C. M.
Clay. and other Encarnacion piriso
oThere. has been a revolution in Gua
dalajara. Mr. Kendall thinks Gomez
Farias is at the bottom of it.
From the Chars. Evening News.
ANOTIJElt LAUREL FOR SOUTH CARoLINA.
The correspondent of the Missouri
Republican, writing from the "National
Palace, City of Mexico, Sept. 28,"
over the signature of "Gomez," gives a
ve~ry interesting account of the storming
ofChapultepec and the city of Mei-xico.
Ile announces two facts which are in the
highiest d gree honorable to the only two
Volunteer regiments engaged in those
afl'airs, and-which we do not recollect to
have noticed in die imperfect accounts
aready laid before our rea'ders. One
of these is, that the first colors given to
the breeze from the citadel of Chapul
trpec, wecre the Regimental colors of the
New York Regiment, and the other,
that the Pahnetto banner of the South
Carolina Regiu.ni was the first Amer
ican standard that fuated from the
walls of Mczico,
Our readers will remember that the
recent letter of "Mustang," of tho New
Orleans Delta, in which it was stated
dhit the first person who entered the Zity
of Mexico was our fellow-citn, Lien.
tenant Stuart, of the Rifles, who leaped
the ditch and led the way into the city.
The light corps-the Rifles and the
Voltigeurs-were'of course in the ad
vance; immediately after these came
our ow n gallant Regiment, ever foremost
in the fight; and to the brave Lieutenant
Sellick, of the color company of that
Regiment (and who was wounded in the
exploit,) belongs the honor of having first
platnted tile proud ensign of our State
upon the outer walls of the Mexican
We annex that part of the letter of
"Gomez," which relates to these tran
But as I design this simply as a has
ty sketch, reserving a description of the
works, the distinct operations of each
division, &c,, for a mote heisure mio
tment, I cannot iariculaiize. Both
Gen. Pillow and Gen. Shieldt were
wounded; Colonel Ransom,- 6f the 9th
Infantry, and Mjo Twig6; of the Ma
New York Regiment, nnrtally wouideil,
and has since died. Gen. Quitsmatn's
volunteer division in this attack bore
the brunt of the battle, and tie first col
ors _iven to thie breez-! from the citadel
of Chapiltepec wFvre the regimental col
ors of the New Yoik regiment.
Gen. Shields was wounded in the left
ari with a slug in the early 1.art of the
charge ipon the work, and; retiring a
short fiie to have it bound up, immedi
atelv returned to his command, where
he remained until hostilities ceased for
that night. Gen. Pillow was wounded
in the leg while leading his command
throuli a wood at the baso of Chapul.
tepc, and for a whiile it was s ipposed
he would lose it. lie is, however, doing
well, and in short time will be able to
Ia ke command of his divisoi again.
Immediately otn takiig Ciapuhepec,
and as soon as his division could be form
.d4 and re-suiipplied with ammunition,
G.n. Quitnan advi mced upon the city
by the way of Chapliepec causeivay,
T his was the miost direct route to the
city, immuF diaitely in range of the heatvi,
est hattet ies and t1-e citadlel of the ene
my had the purinci pal portion1 of his force
posued. Th~e fire was conceded, by all
who participated in or witnessed the
struggle to the most severe and tiscessant
that iever a body of men advanced nndei
in any war of which history furnishes an
accouint. The several batteries of the
enemy thrown across the causew~ay were
severe-lly attacked and caried, Gen.
Qiitmnan~ always leading in thle advance.
Next ho charged upon the Garita de
Belen, (the gate of Belmen,) the main
coa ince in to' the city,. and at twenty
miniines past one o'clock carried it,' and
took a positton within the city of Mexi
co. Whent otur advance first reached
the garita, there beinig no flag among
theni, Gen; Quitman took a large silk
red hanidkerchiief, and faistening it to the
op of a rifle, wvaved it in triumph from
the walls of the city. A few nmonerats
afterwards, htowever, dhe color compainy
of the South Carolinma tegiment came up
when Lt. Sellick, of that regiment, ran
up the Palmetto colors, by order of
Gen. Quitmain, from a small building
near it, and while gallantly waving it
amid the shotits and huzzas of the entitre
division, lie wats seve~rely wounded in
the thigh. Thus it will be seen that
hohfinm the citial of Chapuhtepec
and fromt the walls of the city of Mexi
co, the first A merican standardms that
were civetn to the winds were those of
two citizen soldhier regimient-the New
Ymk ;and South Carolina, and both of
Getn. Shield's brigade.
An Important Incident of the War..
-The National lntelligncer publishes
a letter from Mexico; dated Septembbt
23, which relates at least one incideft
connected with the capture of that city,
which has not before coiiie to our knowla
edge. Ft appears that on the 13th of
September, after t11A fortifications at
Chapultepec had been carried, and
Gens. Worth and Quitman had fought
their way into the city; "and when out
Spartan band anticipated a fiercer strug
gle during the ensuing day than that
whi6h they had justincountered, Com
missioners were despatched from MAd
city of Mexico, on -,the part of the
municipal authorities, to 'Tacubaya, to
agree upon ternis.ofcapittilatian with-the
General-in-Chief. TI'ey arrived abodt
midnight and continued their intervie*
until near daylight;. Mthout accom.
plishing any thing. Gben. Scott inform
ed them that he *oulcf sign afiy paper in
the city that hs would bdt of it; and
that, as they hid esused him all the loss
and trouble they could, he intended his
army shodld now mardh into the city in
triumph, unrestricted by any terms~f
Gas from Rosin..-We some time
since alluded to a dicotory made by
B. F- Coston, Esq., by- which he was
able to generate gas fronm rosin, whith
gas produced a light not equalled by any
now known, for brilliansy, strength and
economy. He was- employed by the
Gover-nment to liht several light
houses by this plan, and in every case
was fully successial. We iears that
itmore recently, Mr. Costoi has beed
tihe means of organiting the Sylvic Gas
Light Company, di South Boston, has
been appointed Superintesnding Engi
neer; and is now engdegd in constructing
apparatus for various mills, hotels, fac
tories, churches, &. In short, the
experiment has been eminently success
ful, and the invention is not only
calculated to realize, for its author, fame
but fortune.-Ball. Cliper.
alesfor a Man.-I. IMarry notit
woman who cannot make a siiht or cook
a meal's victuals.-Such a *ife dil4
keeep a mian poor allihd d s6_,is
herself bettei titan eivety body. else
because it shows a want of sense; hd
will have but few friends.
3. Marry not i woman who is froz
quently finding fault with others, becauss
she will be eternally scolding.
4. Marry not a woman who is fond
of spinning street 'ayn because suel
a woman will ndver be doniented at
5. Marry not a wdm.n who is id
the habit of slandering her neighbors,
and giving edr to the gossipping she
hears; such women make the very
worst of wives.
Editors.-An edilor's duties, (sdyd
somebody) even in a case eoniparatively
unimportant, are enormous and unthank.
ful ; thase he praises, "love him less thad
their dinner ;" dnd thoso he finds fault
with, "hate him 1*i-e than thd
P'-ont thie Oharleson Eve. keod.
GRtE AT SPEED ors LOGOMOT1VES
WVe often see heralded. in the paper~s.,
'Greet lInprovemsnts,'. 'N~w lnveiting
nd *Peteitted Locomotives,' b'f which a'
speed of some forty or (fmy miles has beid
at tained. On a mnorejecedi obcasioii 9
have pubtished "A NewEnglish Locojit.'
live," runnuing on trial tips siity ana siit.'
six miles an houri tb'e i-ender s he ,c
led ho the bonclusion tilat Ingenuuy',
discovered some iew - pplicatio'n of'
mechanic powers, producing these woit:
derful resuhts. A Locomotive is' a igf
chine which is itself mnote~ bj .' iteadt
engine. 'Ibe eipanelve flower Ol eek
in the piston originates the moti'an, which
is commbumiented by a rod lo a wheel. the
revolutions and tacaon of #$hieh impart
adhesion and velocity to ilia whole con
trivance. .It is self-evidigX, therefore, thas
with ex pansive power sfilicient in a piston,
of proportionate didiMnsions, almost any
speed may he acquzired by an intcreased
diaideler of M~e thbbeel. A larger or smaller
piston contains more or less of the power
of steam: and thi rapidity of the stroker
imparts the like velocity to the wheel. A
wheel, therefore, of ten feet diameter, wit'
the same number of revolutions per min
ute, taust pass over double the space that
otne of five feet would perform.
The John C. Calhoun, on the Southv
Carolina Road, with wheeluof five and
half feet diameter. hat ow a trial rrip iraw
at aspeed or a mile in one minate. orlaW
the rate of sixty miles in one. hour. By a.
increase therefore of her hoi'er to furnish'
the quantum of steam necessary, and of
her piston ro art'ain the poger, and' doune
limng the diameter of her whmeel to eleven
Veer, a velocity of one honocred and' twenty
miles might be obtained in one hour., The
enlarging of rhe-driving ii heels, however,
i-nvolves the elevation of the whole ma.
chine, which may be so high above the
track as to becnme hazardous at these
high speeds, without a wider gauge. The
aheels. however, may be enlarged to sneh,~