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set atllamy~sggstions .of-modera
- tigij~jy eeryl ttl2tight ; but i
N6&w-aretorgo;on withrthe war. let it be
Nisuchka'ianner will lead to its mos
a id ate erfas-'
de heiag the first wa~f mnasionh
1&Is. fullof startling suggesti ns, and shoulk
- be'regarded -as full-of admdhitory in
- 'tirstioi -The -Constittition presuppo
ses thagall the supJies or carrying o
As4i@t:warshould be eiclusively under tin
onro1of- Congreg Yt we! are tok
disi.large part of the revenue to sup
jori iss war is to be found in the con
tributionsio be raised fiom the enemy'
:country, By atariff somewhat. legisla
ivsi opearan 66e, and.. by m!ilitary co
(.,vercion; theMexican revenues are 'to b
-directed iito the - treasury-chest of the
army.-Homuch will be 'collected ii
tisi anneriis entirely a matter of un
v certain conjecture. By way of encour.
agement as to the means of carrying o
the war, this source of. supply is promi
nently paraded rather to hide the public
rcdebt, which must be: enormous, than fo
-I:.'aiy thing else. But, suppose it: coulk
be- demonstrated that thte army. hada
sef-supplying revenue, what a commen
tary would it be on thie futility of the
supposed controling power of Congres
over ihe 4nilitary responsibility, of the
Executive as the commander-in-chief a
a--.the armies of. the Republic, It wouk
- place-him in the condition of Chiarles
the First, who. contented for the right o:
. carl ying on: the war by the arbiti at y col
* lection of ship money, without the' ad
Tvice'or control of Parliament. A gen
L.G with.the ambition of Caesar, placed
tj.insuch a situation, could; at.the head o
'strong army,- put this Government a
- efiance. We may not see such results
aonete6rm, but the example of to-day
-s.-Athe precedent of to-morrow. Bu
balwhenthefires of virtuous patriotism thal
wrekindled on he altar of our.country
t by. the' founders of the Republic shall
a -have burnt down under the ambitiou
& lust of conquest, there will be no rebuk.
tiiniience left to purify and restrais
- irom the Saannah Republican; 4th inst.
Ue . CLOROFORM.
-*A riend Ias placed in our' hands a
padaphlet lately received from Dr. Simp
son, lRdinburgh, on the discovery, nature
and roperties of this luterestiog agent
- ~adfor proffucing insensibility to pain.
Choloform was first discovered and des
ibd, by -Soubeiran ' in 1831, and by
Sisi)832, while its composition. was
fi acc'iraily ascertained by. Dumas, in
- Simpson, however
.....titng it byinha
a s asin act that Dumnat
W-e reThree compoundTelii
ca} bodies which, inhaled "'id"o zhet hinas
%upei iiieestate 'of taneshesir, or;, in
ismsitiility toipain in surgia opedraions
the 'Nirrous Oxider c ouiifialled exhil
erati'.'.Gas, .Sulphdyic7Ethier, now so
ofien used, and thie Pei-chhirid'or Formyle
o,,rdhlroform1 They differ,. materially
frompeach other mn their elements afford
no~clue to their anosthetic properties. The
Niureis. 'Oxide' is. composed of Nitrogen
and Oxygen, in proportions of one atom o1
each.-Sulphuiric Ether has one atom of
Oxygen, four of Carbon and .five of Hy.
drogen; and Chloroform has two atoms of
Carbon, one of. Hydrogeit and three oh
The Chloroform .is" a dense, limnpid,
*.colourless liquid, readily evaporating, and
' possessing-ani agreeable, fragrant and fruit
like odour, and a pleasant saecharine taste,
lts' specific aravity is 1,480, it boils at
I41*, a'nd is not inflamabte, its advan
tages over Sulphuiric E ther, a :
*-1. A much less quantiy. is bcessary to
produce a given effect,
2. Its action is moore rapid, thorough and
enduring, ahd one under its influence is as
athough one were for the time non-exist
3. Tlhe inhalation is much more agreea
ble and the subsequent effects cease almost
,imniodihtely andaire not unpleasant while
-Dr. Simpson gives several other reasons
"'but we have embodied the most import.
ant ones above, io w'hich we may add that
it is less expensive, more portable, and
easily inhaled by applying a handkerchief
.sioistened wvithi it to the nose and mouth.
Dr. Simpson has used Chloroform willi
the msost admirable and complete success
in-several serious cases of mid wifery, anml
the results are such' as- toshow that iti
happy effects are only equalled by the
perfect safety which attends its judicious
~use. '. -
K Southern Quolerly Reviet.-We gladily
make use of the opportunity afforded ha
"theieceptioni of the January nutnber o
this work io speaki in' its favor.. Such
'ok is important to the South as a vei
.eleoh Southern opinion on all its question
with'negard to 'the philosophy of govern
ment, and to our social institutions. It i
important as a medium through which
"'Southern intellect and culhivation cai
commune together in' the world of letters
It has, doubtless, already contributed muel
t c'ause the South to be better known, anm
mire respected, in the intellectual circle
of other'portions of our country. Many o
tshe.5frst minds of the South haveopu
*forbh thesir powers, and impressed them
sgelvesupon public laste and public opin
'ion through the pages of -this Review. I
*deserves to besustairned by the south, an<
cherished as a bulwarks of her rights an<
erestmz-ascarditiow Iepone t Fterhte
opinions on questioniii bei-gid4rectly upon
i There is a great delIof abilitjIusu.ally
displayed in ibiarticlesppgating in, the,
R viekw. -.,Under the adm inistration of 419 i
present editor, the subjecta aselezed for
review,,:and the critical notices, indicate a
judicious. taste, and:adue -regardi'for the
literary wants of the public.,;But -little
finds itsl*ay intorthe pages-of the Revieg
that will-not be generally read wichiiterest
and instruction .byutbe:great-majority:of its
subscribersa-Aug'. .Cos a '; 4 ! -- d d
Unitei, States: Senator.-The -Terma oif
Ihe following.Senators.expire:on the- 4th of
March, 1849.ffhigs-Vermont, William J
Tipharn; Maryland, Jao. A..Pearce;'North
LCarolfia,.G. E.:Badger, Louisiana;eary
Johnson; Kentucky, John J.. Crittenden,-"
Democrats-N. Hampshire. C. - G.Ather-,
ton; Connecticut, J.' M. Niles;-NewiTork,
John A Dix;IPennsylvaniu, Simon Cam- 1
eron; South:Carolina,A.P. Butler; Geor- I
I gia, W. - T. Colquitt; Alabama,' A. P. -
Bagby; Ohi6, Wm. Allen; Indiana, E.- Ao -i
Hannegan; llinoisiSidnefBreese; Mis- I
solri, D, K. Atkinson; Arkansas, H. .H.
Sevier, Florida, Jas. B. Wescott. Total,
5 Whigs, 13 Democrats.
'War Meingin New Yrk -W~e!give I
in anotber-colums an'oeiine of the spee- i
ches delivered on the occasitin. by Gen.
Houston, and -Messrs. Foote and. Brown.
Speakingof the meeting, the .New York
Sun of the 31st uIt. says :-"Never have.
we witnessed a more imposing demonstra-:
-tion in which men of all parties heartily i
united, than that of Saturday evening at I
Tammany Hall, to sustain the justice of4
the war and the' honor of the country. Not, ki
the slightest evidence of dissensir upon- I
the objects of tho meeting was perceptible. i
throughout the evening. About ten thou
sand persons visited the hall or participat
ed in the proceedings.' This great de
monstration proved conclusively that but
one opinion prevails among ihe people of
this city upon !lle war question,; and this
policy to be pursued with Mexice,"-Aug;
Henry Clay and the Presidency.-It is 4
positively. understood, says the Washing
ton correspondent of the Louisville Demo
crai,.that Mr. Qlay will not consent to the I
withdrawal oi his name froth before public I
as R candidate for the Presidency.' e is, I
in favor of' a national convention, for the
purpose of making Dominations,.
We regret to see announced.the death
of the Hon. John W. Jones, at his-.resi
dence. in Chesterfield Distrjpt, Virginia.
He was.a diatinguisbed and able statesman.
a true, patriot, a faithful friend, devoted .1
husband, pod a pure man.-Aug, Con.
Falling Of.-The Northern Advocate
states thatsthe membersof 'the ahodisi I
Episcopal Ghurch, during the3laiQ, yiar,
hive decreasedrearly iweduifou$ho.u- A
learn from the Columbia Teleira&
o gout in' the'stomnach"
e learn from Washiton that oW.:
Thursday nuighit*h Wig iembers if
Congress decided to hold-a Naiaonal Con
veititori for- then nomination of-"President
and Vice President,~-at Philadelphia. 'is I
Independence Hall, on the first Wedne.
day in June ensuing. ' ' -
The Wilmet Proviso.-The State of I
New York is Wilmot Proviso to the core. I
A resolution embodying., the letter and I
substance of the proviso, passed the legis
lature a few days since, almost unanimous
ly-in the House, 107 to 5; in thie Senate,
26 to I !-Balt. Cliipper.
Premium C'ouen.-We stated some I
rime ago, that a number of Planters, of
Abbeville, would make an exhibit of Cot.
ton on the first of 'the present month, at
the Warehouse of Messrs. Walker &
Bradford. WVe are informed that a good
deal of very fine Cotton wvas presented to I
the Judges on that occasion, and that be
tweeu many of the parcels it was hard to
decide which was . best, hut finally the I
prize was awarded to Mr. George R. Mc- 1
Calla, whose Cotton for length, strength,
and fueness of staple, is said to be equal
to any Upland Cotton ever brought to thisc
market. Mr. M~cCalla is a young platnter,
and deserves great credit for the skill and
industry manifested in his agriculturat t
pursuits, and bids fair to become one of the
frst planters of our Siate.-Iamburg Re-.
The Tennessee RaiLroads,-T he follow
ing important and gratifying intelligence
we copy from the Nashville Union of
Good News.-We anniounce, with more
of satisfaction than we have experienced
in chronicling any event since our con
nectior with this press, the passnge of the
billgo loan ihe bonds of the Stato to the 4
anmbont of $500,000 to t he Nashville end 4
Ohaitanoog~a Railroad, and $320,000 to
ihefiiwassee Railroad. The bill- passed
the lHouse by a vote of 37 to 35. It lIad
already passed the Senate.' Tennessee
will now take rank with the first States ofI
the Union in wealth and population.
.This indeed an important movement for
Tennessee, and cannot fail to give a pow
erful impulse to the developement of -her
vast agricultural and mineral resources,
I-AWashingtoa' cofrrsponident of tlie~ N.
IY.- Courier sjpeakirig of tite Treatyo
Peace said to have been' arranged..by Mr.
ISince my last, I have'ascertained from
Queretaro that I- the Treaty' does include
San Diego in* the cession to thes United
tSta-ei,' and (that~ the Rio Grandie is the
-boutidary up to 32*," and thenceethink to
-the Gilla; bi6t the exact) hn I cannot give
tyou.. ['think' however~the boundai-y'ill
I be this: Up the Rio Grande to the'32d
I parntal' of Nnrthfdatitde; thene to the
theO6ll'DPUaT:io.rn .,tag32d parallel
aScirthmiatu.de;, i e d tf; West
ogelaci!ic. aintent Sin
DiegodieiidelidedN A' ht
what willtbidore fi tEatf re.
It will be ratified attonce ~nnanimou
aut nearly.:uhanimouse st~4jhedSei'aik.
Asahe-.considerationn. ' PiLtoiMexico,
wyiri aminclined-to vesare to be
iedueted:all-the claimsud b'fMexico to
iUrciiZOdd95ias well tb6"-pr dyliwirded
3s those that may beoaiprd..by. 'future
:pmmissionh.. .'Otht ahmvevei, my
tetters bothlrom.'t Rico and
Queretaradonnot, gi telligence.
F4r ogk rponda .Conrier.
i: 'a. x IWAS r6MgFeb.6,
It i8-now certain that .tlIe whig and
be democratic parties8,opoiholdparty
,onventions,%and- nomhipa 'ycandi
lates. - The'hii fieh8 Geax-Tiyir,
a Congress-:havetAbee i mbered and
party' They, nevertha ave? not al
ered thei .opini pa.- Taylor
ill faithfully.. repreaO ' y.:valuable
rinciple of.the.party! y' moreover,
a --elected.,'They . continue to
arge in favor-of-Gen." geat ar
rumentof availabilit .
Some of the. Soithe men are
luite pleased attheipr .' tof-thiogi
-that is.athe:prospect glar -wbig
nd regular democriti io; ,The
bink thatan. independes iaation will
>e madein the South-an to1 ofGen.
I'aylor; and- that, -if ed by 1lie
>eople,' he. may ~defeata lifladlec
ion, and be-chosen by h Rep.,
The -most importan4 elopement 'tHat
we have had,:of late, , M t-tothefpoli
:y.ofthe;administrationj* -atheybe.- are
-eady - to.:make al *IMiesident
lerrera; on * the saw , ineretofore.
roposed, 'through- r ,y but that
here is'no evidecb. Executive
hat, Herrera's GoveirnolA ill accept
uch terms. It woul I for both
ountries if Mexicob w ow accept
hose terms, andtevenib"* .", fillpin- view
>f the permanence of . between. the
wo countries,.if theSi adie.should
>e the boundary line, he river.
From the. Muscogee 7 3r4 init.
.-4Aful Tragedy9 ay iight
aat two negro trader --on un
y, N. C. of thezn omas.P.
'rotter and.Richard ranonrder
d in Randolph-.Coun ear-Harri
ion's Store, by two o. gres!i
Ifr. J. T. Palmer of. ugh
he hands of Mr..:T h0'e
lace are ali follos. e dntiei
tad encamped fortfemin eto
he westward ofLCaiib
dq thred :egr.os:
ae made pro- the
r d0mne -1e woois, at
he- uceni: of iragedy, ,w~i~wthe. at
ention of the neighbors, eos t, when,
tfer a short search, the: ed bodies of
he murdered. men, ee K4a before
tatead; Pursuit wiis i rdiily~ made,
ad the negroes were ovr .in Murion
sounty, and brogh pkan, wiere'
n0 examination was hiad.thiese par
icur'ars elicited from the afseuion of the
legroes!' They were 1o. taken to Ran
lolph county, to awaiztli enalty of the
mw for their awful ertm -~
Famine in the Wei ~f LW A let.
r written in the county oPligo, Ireland,
a the 4th tilt, says- *t
"It is a most mercifulf# tiiat the good
eople of the United State .are taking of
he poor of this distrietfhAhe people of
his part oft he country-aretly worse off'
hatn they were this timelthvelve months
go. Trhen -there wer'large sums of
notney collected for them,'tnd food pur
hased and distributed;'bttoov n'othing is
one for them. The pdbrhbuses are filled
t suffocatiotn, and thousattt-r -creatures,
daf naked, are running~dloet, 'having
othing to .eat~ a bnt andImips& which
hey steal-from tihe fieldse!he very worst
pprehensions may be2edireived as the
onsequences of such food 11We may well
ipect an other season' of fJ'e and dysen
ery, and swelled limli s!".#~ 7'
The ExtraordinaryMe(r . The 'Ala
arna papers contain thiei ecounts of the
xi raordinary meteor whi6 passed through
hat regiotn of country on'Eilday, the 2ist
The Demopolis Paruiotsays that the
~itizcos wero tihrown ni~ considerable
onternatioti by a loud rep t resembling
he bursting of a steanitb iler or the
icharge of a Paixhangi~ succeeded by
rumbling noise like :bsisembling the
otting off steam Soe were many
>ersons that a steamboatij exploded her
>oilers, and at our own .~a.. too;' that
hey ran tithe bank of, hstrver, eagerly
ooking up'and down for ;~reek which'
heir imagination hbad" ptred-'to - them.
'hus ended the excitement f the moment;
>t at about 12'o'cloelk, ofrsons having
riends on board the A rk'asa. cainie'riding
at oni hot haste, (rocupreen county,,
distance of twelve or-fourteen .miles, in
mier to be "in atihe death."
The phenomenqo was quite as distinctly
~eard a't Selina, aeditance4.e sixtysmniles
Dr. Davidson gives ant acht of its isp
searance stt Moscow.* He aya: :
a"It seems~ from all [cant larn her, ihai
he explosion took place a,: a giut to the
eavens nearly perpendicular overhead, or
at the zeanith of this vicinity A nd- n.
rW eprifon fif'ysaw a h
Irightiih" upon the' heavens, ranging and n
mfiggfrtptiI north to south, imftediaiely I
pteceding-,the explosion; and many persons I
wih;from[have conversed) say that h
,tbey saw-ahiwbtey ' rithsm';ks 4t the, tl
tplacea.wherew.the- report -occuiredi -some S
ti~dea teeoe that this extra.- v
ordiniry report was produced ii'y ilie ex- p
plosion of. a large meteor; and if. it had -b
made its sppearabc6'in our sky at 'night 6
there tan be-no doubt but that we'es'bould .
have witneissed one of the most gra'hd and
simposing meteoric exhibitions 'ever beheld
:in this part of the world. The report of
its explosion must have been heard at the
istan'ceof a hundred miles off. "-It was as
distinctly heard at Livingston, 15 miles-?
distance, as if it bad been on the outskirts
of the town. There it shook the earth and
all things upon it. with considerable vio
Froni 'th N-0. P'icayune, Feb.6.
LATEM FROM THE CITY oF MEXIco,
The brig Widgeon, Capt. Stanwood,
,arrived. last -evening from Vera. Cruz,
whence she sailed on the 23d ult. Though
she is no later from Vera Cruz than our
previous arrival, we have by her brief ac
counts fron: the city of Mexico to the 19th
of Jainuary, which is six .days later'than a
the'advioes brought by the Edith.' . . 1
-The British courier'arrived from the city dc
of Mexico at Vera Cruz on the 22d ult. P,
This courier was robbed once on the way pi
down; but he lost none of his correspeia
The express man who took up.ihe Pres- Is
ident's mesegge for the American Star B
was murdered on his way down. . S
Our correspondent writes us from V. n
ralCruz: - "That there are peace proposi
tions on. their way to Washington from'the
Mexican Uovernment, there remains not a
doubt. But no one here has positive in:
formation as to the true character of these.
propositions. Some one of the thousand
versions may chance to be. the correct one.
The letter from which this is extracted is
dated the 22d from Vera Cruz., and from
a source upon which we rely with coni
The American tratn left Mexico for Ve- w
ra Cruz on the 14th o(January, and' Me- ti
jor Van Buren, of the Paymaster's Depart- df
ment, was. In company as bearer . of des- ul
patches... The -train was expected to ar
rive at Vera Cruz about. .the 1st or 2d
inst- -. cc
No news of importance was brought ra
down by the British -courier (which has
transpired) save that a pronunciamen- ac
to has been made by Mariano Avila, Gov-a
ernor of:San Louis Potosi.? -it ripresents
the opinions of the people of.that State,
asj.well as of Gaudalajara, Gunanajuato r
and Zacatecas in reguard to, which they ce
roress to be utterly opposed:. It calls' in
earnestly :Upon the other States to co-oper' in
aj'with them in-organizing forces tode- d p
fend the country,-and to levy taxes for the w
,jpokje.ar Our correspoent at ,n
2 era2; suz, from whoin we derive these
WC ie s- very lttle. .imporeaneeto
i~hqj~e~le or soS
e rette ly u ging. e'p
o i'efiasM to'l e .a~id 'arro,z e
'ae'tfitu Moiiir 7aorepondents:-in '
h 'cityio teiibd . 0
<The Ards lrisShas seeen letters from the
-itfol M~iici dated't he 15th Jainuary,
'which 'Way lisitivelj tha's peace has alrea
dy besni in'ade, and it adds'that. people of bi
truth 'assert that the Government and the ch
authorities would very shortly be thrans
,ferred 'to the city of Mexico.
We' have been allowwed to make an th
extract from a private letter received by a M
commercial-house of this city: C
* Vera Cruz, Mexico, Jan- ?3.*
*There is a very large and valuble train
which loaves in the morning for Jalapa.
It is composed in part ot Government a
stores, and property belonging to the friend
ly Mexican merchants. htis a more valu
able one than any that has yet been upon
the road. A large force of guerrillas, about*
900, under Cot. Zenobia, are known to b6 tl
waiting on the road to attack it, and Gen.
Twiggs, who is exceedingly anxious to .
chastise: this :toted persoange, has adop-s
ted the following ruse de guerre to accom-t
plish his object. The guerrillas have their
spies in this city who will report the star- ha
hing of the train, wvhich will turn back af- gr
ier going about three miles on the road, be
Meanwhile the escort composed of two Is
field batterries, twvo companies of dragoons.,q
and four of infantry, will leave the roadI
and endeavor to come up and supprise thet'
guerrilla force. The Georgia Independent ~
Horse Riders, Lieut. Anderson, are apart
of the escort. . ec
-From-the .0O. Pieayune, Feb. 7. fi
--FURTHER FROM MEXICO. .T
Ther steam ship M~cKim. Capt. Burthe, pi
arrived on Sunday from Vera Cruz via in
Tampico, having left the former port on a
the 24th and the latter on the 31st ult- R
Our accounts by this arrival are as con- t
tradictory in regard to peace as the rumors
which come to us from Washington. One
of our occasional correspondents who ap- an
prised us some time since of the transmnis-a
sion of important despatches by ibe slooph
of war Saratoga, reiterates his opinion that h
" peace is made so far at least as the Mex- W
icans can make it. What' has been done ai
only re'quires the sanction and approval of hi
the Goverdment." Otn the other hand, a
letter from 'a'lldistinguished officer, dated
the 19th, in the city of Mexico, says :
" The Mexican Congress has not been R
able in form a quorum and peace is just as.
far offasever." We cannot undertake to
decide between these contradictory opi
igins, but proceed to lay before our read- h'
era such letters as we have received by this et
arrival. . . - - th
[ From an occasional Corrvepondent.] ti
VgRa Cauz. Jan. 24. 1848. E
Gentlemen :-We are in receipt of gewa ir
from the city of Mexico to the 19th inst.
All was quiet at the capital. Peace! peace! ae
is the cry. h~ is, generally believed that ui
Gen. Scot t and Mr. Trist have succeeded fe
in making a treaty of peace; nothing is ty
non-for of course all the movements of
those high in authority are' kept secret., at
Many perso6s of respectability, ndr some it
gh-i authorty,<iistelytgre--ther, ii
a doubtthere will be peaneif'three ufonthe,
he pronunciamento ofthe State of San
uis-Potobiiagainst the Government; and
er invitation to other States opposed-to
te Government, &e., mnaking peas 6
nd deputies ?,o meetatithe city- f an
uis Potosi, I us( confess. does not:look
ery much .lie-any .pernainecy in ajy
eaceful arraugement madi or'to-be timade
tour gallant general.. It has ua,*ther's
is aspect. ' -- -'
EDGEFIELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 26...1848.
-7 We call attention to the Conmun ication
ned "Madborouga.." It Is fromn'the pen ol
gentleman of high intellig'ence, and one who
is rendered his country good service, He
is rather harshly With the Administration,
irhaps, but still he reasons f well. He has
omised*continuation of his.communications.
07 We should have acknowledged in our
st, that we were indebted to the- Hon. A. P.
utler, for a copy of his late Speech in the U.
tates Senate, and to the Hon. A. Burt, for a
imber of public docu'mnts..
Large Bunches of Boz svood.-We recently
w'twO large bunches of Box wood, which
tirely filled a common cart. They grew on the
rm of the late Mrs. Howard. They were
uch the largest whick we ever saw.
Imense Meetiug in New York.-A very
rge meeting of the citizens was recently held
the City of New York, .at which speeches
re made by Gen- Houston, and. other gen
i.neni and resolutions in favor of the Previ
mt, and defending the present war, were
Captain Blanding.-A gold medal was re
ntly presented by tl'e Washington Light In
try, of Cbarleston, to Captain Was. Bland
g. whAbore himself so gallantly in the late
tions in Mexico. -.
Col. Fremon.-The Court Martial which sat
r a considerable time, on the trial of this offi
r for alledged insubordination, at length ter
inated its session, and the case therefore te
ins iii tie hands of the President; for his fi
11 decision." It was tho Ut tliat C
uld not be found
re; but in
ra omber of years, e e -za
iti seems is disposed to be generous -an
Annezation Resoltions.-Thee project - for
a Annexation of a portion of the terrntory of
eico, was distinctly brought forward in
angress, on the 31st uIt. Mr. Turner of Illi
is, brought into the House, joint resolutions
rthe Annexation of New Mexico, Upper
d Lower California. .. - --
Death of the Princess Adelaide of. France.
er Rloyal Highness, Madam Adelaide. sister
the King of the French, expired recently'at
e Tilleries. She was in her 71st year.
Irland.-A most dreadful state of affairs
i exists in ireland. Famine prevailed in
a South and West, and was daily becoming
ore appalling. In various parts of that un
ppy country, the distress of the tenantry was
eat. A considerable nuipber of them hod
on-ejected from the land which they had
sed. The old and young Repealer. are
arrelling -among themselves. Some of the
ding men had withdrawn from the as-ocia
n into which they had entered.
IRely.-Pinis the ninth, the present enlighten.
Pope, progresses with hi-i constitutional re
rn, to the great satisfaction of his subjects.
he ministry is constreacted on the most comn
ehonsive plan, and have all the state appoint
nts, except Cardinals nd.Nuncios.. . An
;reenent had been entered into between the
aman Tuscan and Sardinian governments,
carry out the reform.
-Abdel Kader.-This -redoubtable chief
inst whom the French'government had for
,ag time been waging war in Africa, at last
is surrendered to the Dul'e of Adimasle. He
as carried to Toulon, where he 'remained
vaiting the decision of the government as to
future place of abode.
From the -Edgefteld Advertiser.
ENSCENCE~S OF THBEP' L
FOR ITS DISCHARGE, &c.
At the request of a friend or two, we
ve been induced to write a few articles
ncerning the Palmetto Regiment, during
e Into campaigln in Mexico. If jon think
em worthy of the public-attention, Mr.
dior, we beg you will give them a place
As it is a matter of some. interest at pro
nt, it. may not becamiss, before enteringr
son a history of the Regidment, to oter a
w reflectiona on the justice and proprie
'of its immediate discharge.
Many maintain that Voluntieer forces
'e not suited to the warfare now waging
-Meico, nr allege as ransn, "they
endo e"subjetdts I
in thfivirhir R1regel
fitting out of v'oliat'ee,
is'usihally .edrre'd T1ier'el
no sufficient cause ror;t
careItheir *ra tit-ayf6'e~ U~~
same' degree withflitseof'4'ia
But'onee pdperly-e 'ditireed M
in whai'wayare!!they'nibr6 v
Are they not soplisi'i t fisa~ann
ty 'of nAecess'iries,"eti? i l
alike ? Clothed''alilAiidIA'
subjebAto the sametieisPisii f
of arms.:kc? ?heyeeint
this argumeant iivulva, 1y son
dollars and cents- it doesiase
ficieseH of volurtee fbiesa
*As to t matter 6f diaiyl
not perceve why v616te,a
sufficiently trained foraltiiae"' "
see. -They are ge'neraly a~.
gent class of mentha6 egls; h
may be fairly supposed to'h-"a Iiii 44
bition to serve'theft'eai
except, patriotisinue'tfdhi'Ehr1'% 1
cousld -indieiiUetbi sto e a
ful'avocatiost an 'girde ili
mentiof war. 'kAntdwillFtiit, ih '
*s naturally load then tna'k 4Di
become skilful in ihe fraioi
alone they can icoiplish'.td' -
desire I i must' be regatilied'aY 'a
compliment to men, tisai-y-i
ated by- generous and i JrIlaf I
but neglect thehioans'ywiI'i'
tives" may .be realized."(Al.%
ity Bfvoluoteirs know iAn
render eninent service'toduli1
and' to make certin itheihana
tioe, discipline and drilii *
success in battle, 'skil i1'ilie
weapons must precede.Bu
accuracy in the gerformae'.
evolutions, are "not 'il 'ft
They are aware'hat a fulf2i
eneb other's couage"-a erffiri
one will stand'and fIghi4iblo
ordered-i equallylded fad'd
have often:yr ii "h
the proper coutrae to- fikft.4W hi
of obedienis desuboibdi
forces itself u'pdn: their'Wnin'd
wquld aprvo'e'rs itiftli?
have assuMdi iftiyfi1
WWiid, 'P h'iigiseo S
then," anid' wih in'esittiveI " cib 1
above iose, hiIuWi) - IoE;'
the privates'id-tie gulitai a
with sificient tihi and'
not qalify t eiselasi t
'T6 thiniIotia iid
honor up ne i'WB~' '.
say; but itis'or s iiiidbat
glory andweeidess@ hicti ieicBt -
ly-attendedidr armain3M a*X, i'tri.
butable' to" the' adinirabl6uih's be'
found amboug thF oficei-silf he ~lar.
my. They are, 1w theaiisii, We.E
Weut-Puint intelligsibe, sid'WieFoint
discipline ! ' - '- ,'t
But, while e
of discipline, etc., voluiteeria n-1
d~ered oltogether efficiedtMwr e n~6tr
theless of opinion they should ao tbei talled
out to serve in the present wmara ti* for
several reasons. Of the additionsl essfuse
to the government, we will-sayfset~fg;
for tihis can as well bebornrasNh'e ebor.
inous prices paid by 'goyerdiinYi ai@nta
for tranqportstion and' other v's'silirand
for supplies in the enemy's 'suiirfthe'~
laiter being nosmore' necesaia'thaubte
former. We like to see othe gbtirdnient
administered with fairh'fulness ad econo
my ; but is it not evidence'of a short-sfjht v
ed and niggardly policy to exclude a'Wue
fit by wishing to economize an one'orkwo
small items of expenditure, whien inevery
department of governmet the puibli're
venue is so 'lavishly 'squ'an'deredl
" What boots it at one gate to akane e ,
And at another to let in the foe ?("-uMiLai'~
We fear the aboveobjestiin' is egeVnfre.
for specious argume'nt, than fr'oii ibafrt
felt desire to-promote'public econom'y3
We rest our objection on grounds 'alto
gether different." Odr cief reasoiii~'r not
wishing to employ volonteers in th e"sent-'
war, have reference ,tothe oltinierer am
self, though they do not eniirel~Ii72out
of view the publiec'advsatage'; Ainffi'rst,-~
the inconvenience' to'hini-pe ona fo
leaving his pursuts at borme;'"and ct.'in
ning absent for an indefinits erokfiate.
There are few men. (ispe~oally 4iff 'ithe
South) who sat out (or the'war, bui~ve ~y
some profession, 'or' reglaT r um by
which to gain a liveliheod. Some'j~h~ps,
have a deeper interest stillZ Theiiheat '
are warmed by the' fire of'domestic e
tion, and their ,familie, depend" ti~ii
personal efforts' for support. vOrgtl
property, consisting of lands adbgs~~!
whiect reqluire their almosrota
tion. In all these eases the -parties itfi* a
;acrifiee of no trIvial nature. eTo' be'aident
from their business ora pursuits~'1foriijie
riod of time longer than twelve moatti s
ruinous-to their future'penspects.ATis%ng
falls into neglect and "wasteuthevdthtrM<
suffer from the fact, thy a-li hlip
in existence' without-theisetaalprestfb et
the parties themselves. But t
sional man ot only loses hie pt
what is of more importanee tnhimh'
the means by which hie eanbhesiii t~
he loses the knowo~edge; tbarsbustei~h~
in his pnert.. nn~ auanadioVV'o