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0 .~~~~~~~~- wewl eihaidtteRisi
- We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple our iberies f we will Perih amids the Ruins.
VOLUME XII. - a . . . NO. 5.
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY.
B3Y WA1. IF. DURJSOE.
EDITOR & PROPRIETOR
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ny person prdcuring five responsible Sub
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hecharge.1 $1 per square. Advertisements ih
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un them, will be continued uutil ordered out
od chirid accordingly. I
Cdu'munications, post paid, will be prontpt
ly and strictly attenddd to.
97 The following gentlemen are announced a
by their fiends as candidates for the Office of
Tax Collector, at the ensuing election:
Col. JOHN QUATTLEBUM,
GEORGE J. SHEPPARD,
EDMUND MORRIS, r
SAMPSON B, MAYS, r
Maj. S. C. SCOTT,
LEVI R. WILSON.
17The frie'nds of WESLEY BODIE, Esqr., h
announce him as a candidate for the Office of
Sheriff of this District, at the ensuing election. .
january 14 tf , 51 ti
0I The friends of -PETER QUATTLE- h
BUM, Esqr.. announce him as a candidate for
the Offite or Clerk of the Court of Common h
Pleas. of this District, at the ensuing election al
January 14 tf 50 fj
E We are authorized to announce W. A. h
HARRIS, Esqr., -as a candidate for a seat in n
the House of Representatives; at the next elee- W
lebruary f 3 P
The Magnetic Telegraph-Modus
Operandi..-Nothwithstanding we have
read, heard, and seen so much of thef
agnetic Telegraph, -there are. many
o io not know the mode by which it
s inlligence. Thefol1wiah
~&m3 hea~infore! ' "eitr
easy to see, hatI
- etice, these persons c6u eas -spi 1
words- to each other by' means of
at) these precon'erted signals. 96f it
would'evidently be a tedious and sone- a
49that uncertaii process. Suppose, then,
W order to facilitate business, each ex
fremdty of the cord shoaid b'e attached
to'a' little instrument which should be -
rande to play up and down like a trip m
hammer, the face of whicly should be g<
ftfnished with a point sufficient to make it
asmall dot or mat k. Now, it will be g1
manifest,that by having the cord stretci- tt
ed tightly Irony one extremity to the fe
other,.it would be an easy matter, by r
hiving one of these little hammers, to s
produce a corresponding motion in the fT
other. What now remains, iN only to V
contrive a %ay to record these motions. t<
Thlis-can easily be done by niaking a b
slip of paper pass slowly unider the plint g
of the- hammrer whten set- in motion:- thius s
a'single quiick niotioni of one haum-r bi
Will cause tire other hammer to iniake a p
dot-(.); wo such mrotiomns two dots (); b
holding the hamtmer duown for an instant, rt
while the paper is in motion,. produve a di
shotrt mark (-); a longer period, a long, hi
el- marke(--); add so on. Then there gi
-can be a combination of dots and dashes hi
.-.---..--...,~ all of which g
shall be made to represent letters, wvo~ds wt
and- flgenes,-which by pr actice,-may be gi
jlust' as ? sily read anid undet stood as the bl
arbitrary marks which ive call letters, st
-but-which- hiave no significancy to one ti
unacquainted with the language.- a
Such is the telegraph, except that in, ft
r stead of cord, wire is used, and inste'ad al
of the manual force which we have sup- b,
posed applied to the cord by!, the motion '1
of the hamimer, the electric fluid is made n
to pass, with inconceivable rapidity,-and- n
produces the same motion on thb little 'd
trip-hammer at its extremity. The cur- c
rent of electricity is perfectly under the S
control of the operator; and by letting h
iton- the- wires or shutting it of, which -
eanibe done- in'an instant, the re-quisite I
motion is given to the little hammer-like o~
insatrument, which produces a dot or a
mark, at the pleasure of the oper-ator, in e
a manner similarztoswhiat we have above t
An Interesting Incident.-A't .tle ~
gledication of the Normal School at u
- etfield, Mass., Governor Briggs, who t
geided over the ceremonies, in the
coarse of an address by him on that oc
casionl aluded to the importance of self-,
-dependence as one great means of s'ue-r
ess. ini this world, that prosperity had
iot been the road usually travelled by
hose who in after years had become
listihguished either for wisdom' or vir
ue, while honest poverty, patient toil,
>erseverance, and a decided dependence
in self had wrought out for the posses
ors dibiinguished and lasting honors; &
e observed as lie wiped away the tears
ha't struggled in his ejes, "I can recall
he case of a poor boy who once sat on
lie hard plank seat ot one of these
chools,in one of the poorest districts of
]is State, Ohile his father was toiling at
ie anvil for his daily bread, who under
ie smiles of a kind Providence, has
nce been honored by his fellow citizens
finitely beyond his deserts, who, as
hief Magistrate of this comalonwealth,
now addressing you."
A Romantic Story.-A short time
rce a vessel bonnd to Mexico ran
shore on a reef near Key .West. A
tong the crew was a beautiful young
idy, disgui.sed as a boy. The crew
ipposing Her to be what her garments
.presented,she was required to take her
gnlar spell at the pumps. She reveal
d her situation and sex to the captain;
ho of course relieved her at once from
position so unsuited to the previous
abits of her life.- She is ofa very respec
ble family in this section of the coun
y, and has an attachmeut for one who
ad gone forth to fight.his country's bat
es in Mexico. Hearing that her lover
ad been wounded she assumed a bay's
tire and eloped from the paternal roof
ir the purpose of joining her sweet
art,and nursing-him on hisbed of sick
ss and pain. She has been treated
ith great kindness by the hospitable
aople of Key West, and is to be sent
>me, doubtless'much against her own
.Dow, Jr., discourses to the girls as
My young maidens-I kno* you all
ant to ger-married as soon.as you en-.
1s e o 6 emamn
n oil e
e nr walo -weeding, and
ergrowitith hair,Vanity and lainess,
at sEardely one out of twenty is any
ore do be trusted with a wife, than a
hog is with a garland of flowers."
A LESSON OF LIBERTY.
Seven years ago, a German gentle
an and his lady, refugees from' the ri
irs of lanoverian rule, sought a home
Colunibia. They knew not our lan
age, and' had not even a single friend
w"elcome them. A small and barren
rmt and miserable cabin furnished a
Etreat to those who had lived in the
inshine of regal favor, and *ere driven
on high official stations near their So
reign,' because thiey were bold e-nough
> einress ihiir feelines in favor of li
erty. They toile-d on-lhe Germtan
entleman subduing and., feedo:g the
ubborn'eartli--ahd~ the lady wvho had
en the companion of a gi and Duchess,
repared the hoe cakes and rashers of
acon which furnished [heir homely
leals. They saw at light ahead, and
espired no ; but after mastering the
rsh difficohlies of the Anglo-Sax'on Ian -
age, the lady donmenced h'y makmng
e~r mtusical tahdrits available-whilst the
ntlenman taught Gerniani and chopped
-ood for a ivelihood. Their sniall be
inning soon eusparrded .into a respectia
le school, and as soon as thley were
arted faitly on the sea of new -life
tat life for- which they gave up home
rid station in order to enjoy freedonm
iends and pupils flocked around th em,
ad their house is now the abode of
auty and intellectual refinement.
'heir little school has grown inito a Sc
mary for young ladies, and they ard
ow the guides for the formation of the
ara.ters of a'number of the daughters
f the most respectable families in the
tate, and employ to assist thuem the ta
mts of several native Carolinian ladies
-making their institi'tidir the proper
lace for the education of the datighters
f the Palmetto State. May they go or:
ifusintg those proper principles-ineculcat
d by their course of education;- until
ey no honger'feel that they are stran
ers in this.hand of freedom.- By earn
>g-their naturalization by labors in so
reat'a causa as Female Education, they
ili be sure to receiv~e the rewvards-which
beir indefatigable exertions deserve.
Curious Fact for Doctors-A cor:
espondent in one of the Cincinnatti pa
trs snae the Buna Vista battle field
is sfill cOvered vith bones, cumts, pantsi
shoes, and knapsacks, &c. And whal
is most singular of all is, that a few
Mexicans who were left unburied are
still. on the battlefield entire. -Neither
pttrefaction nor the wolves prey upon
them, but they are dried up like nmum
mies. The only way I liave heard it eZ
plain6d is, that the Mexicans eat so d"iuchi
pepper that it preserves their bodies'
from putrefaction and at the same time,
spoils them from the taste of wolves!
Certainly they do not decay, an4 the
wolves will nut prey.
Chloroform dnd Ether.-The advan
tages which chloroform possesses over
ether are-i. The smaller quantity re%.
quired; thus rendering it more porta'ble.
Half a drachm of chloroform will almost
always succeed id producing perfect na
ocotism.-2. The absance of ihe, stage.
of excitement or stimulation; which al
most invariably attends ether, and some
times to an incontenierit extent. S.
The greater -rapidity and ceriainty With
which the patient is brodglit under its
infuence.-4. The more co'mptet6 id
longer continued state of perfect insen
sibility produced.-5. Chloroform does
not leave any dis.,greeable odor dboit
the breath or clothes of either the patient
or operator; in fact, chloroform has a
very pleasant fruit like, though transieni
smell-6. No headache or unpleasanit
effect is left lehind.-Dr. Protihoroc
Smith in the Lancet.
Wonders of Art.-There is a man
in London who has a gliss eye and spec
tacles, a wig, one arm and both legs of
vood, a nose which is fastened to the.
skin of the forehead,a lowerjaw of silver,.
an artificial set of teeth, a part of the
skull of caoutchouc, and a palate and.
both earsof the same substance, as well,
as a large part of the abdomen. We learn
that he was formerly employed inisup
plying a steam engine with. coalgandip
an explosion of the boiler wasit ostr
ibly mutilated..- DrKinibI5e '
ei gain oPp
but the quinessi nce t ,c
teir preference of theoleha( Iij ie
finest and lefist adrilterated' di tli i
avoidance of every thing squalid (sf un%
like aies); their eagur ejection or exclu
ion of it from the hive, as in instances
of carcasses of intruders, which, if they
cannot drag away; tirey cover up and
entomb; their love of clean, quiet and
delicate neighbourhood, thymy places
with brooks; their singularly clean man
agement of so liquid and adhersive a
thing as honey, fiom which they issue
forth to their work as if they liad nothing
to. do with it; their combination with
honey-making of the elegant' manufac
ture of wax, of which they make their
apartments, and which is used by man
kind for more than patrician o' other
choice purposes; their orderly policy,'
their delight in sunshine: their atten
tion to one another; their apparent in,
difference to eserything, purely regar
ding themnselves apazrt fromn the comnmori'
good?' Beatutifuil are those tapers, wvith
out doubt; atnd well might the poe~t ex
press his admiration at their being the
rsult of the wvotkof thme little unconi
scious insect who compounded the ma
terial.- So- in every wealthy hotise in
England, every even jng,'when lam ps'do
not taka its place, the same beadhilul
substance is lit up for the inmates to sit
by, at their occupatlions of reading, or
music, oz discoitise.- The bee is there
with her odorous ministry. in' ths
morning she nas proba'bly been at the
beakfast table. In the nmorninig, she is
honey;in the evening, the waxen taper;
in the summer noon, a voice in the gar-'
denm or the window; in the wviuter, at all
otherimes, a meteor of us in book.
Leigh Hunt's Jar of Honey.
1E T TER FROM 'M USTANG.'
T!Jhe followving is a letter from the
New Orleans Delta, "Mustang," dated
city of Mexico, Jan. 8: T wo days; ago,
some terr or twelve of the 1st Tennes
see volunteers went out from San Angel
(their present camp), some few miles in
search of one of them men, who had been
missing several days. They wirthout
arms, except a small revolver, and while
in theim search they wvere attacked by
about a hundred Mexicans with stones,
clidbs, and'knives. T hay succeeded in
keeping the Mexicans ~at bay until all
the shots were fired, when, they were
cofriplledto make an attempt to reach
camp. While the row was going on in
the fields; Col Burnham,of the N. Y.
Rgiien:t, hasppening to ptsa a rad in
te vicinity, and' observing that'thete~
was something serious afloat, -iinniedil
foun en ilelonging to Com
pan Pennsylvania Volun
teer ouuds inflicted with
dr t h tliers slightly
hur sent to camp for assis, i
ta c arrival of the Texan
Ran erealready mounted im
medi out full run for the scene -1
ot d r.and arrived before the t
fiib i~sids had tidie to es- (
'ca "eol.ers of the rangers r
so4iiculty. It is useless I
to- fornial ceremonies were i
gon 1 (Ii in chastising the I
Mext r unprovoked assault. s
Gen?. greports four Mexicans h1
killid. fthe Rangers told m6 he LI
e rtyand forty "dead cree- J
lers? 3 s
. $sdal party of Col. C. d
F. S . Guard of the city were h
fire , n'd of robbers or guerril- h
las in cC u house in the subdrb's of h
the eiys serhing their force. suf
ficiento he house, they took a b
position- 1ld prevent their escape c
and.'n f inf6rcementi The r
door 'a o ed and 'll tile i'niates b;
captei'd' ine, who jumped from o
t -he ttd a horse, and set off
at f-l: he started off, he t1
drew* d;ired it back. into the d
crowd* owever, injuring any a
one e of Jack Hays' tI
Rangers, lose by apparently a b
silent's pe - o te whole affair; but .n
assi h eican fired his pistol, h
hd leisire 1 is.revolier, rentar- a
kincfl farkey, tliat's a game %
thattwor ''." and at the crack ti
of the pi ane 1he Mexican. o
The Te Bodnted-his own horse, ti
and afte ur orfIie hundred a
yardsiha orse :and returned p
with "'n o.the officer. Present. e
Wifl 1knocked the cen- a
re oi we is'pose I'm. enti- a
hedofficer ieplied in it
he T'ean rode of.
u er la sin
h kl , diee'ted the 'overseer:
of tif iid i rm thd propriete r
thatNt'dfft ere ery inferior, and f
thatlieni tter ones-that lie y
(the .pie~ta in the habit of riding F
horses. worth ' Jack Hays has his t
attention direc owards this guertilla r
captain, and e does not keep his d
eyes open the i thing he knows, he c
wont know an hing." I'm told a rope t
would fit his neck remaukably well. r
From ihe "O. Picayune, Feb. 8.
LAtER1lRGM VERA CRUZ. t
The sIiip Naier, Capt. Sanford, and
the ship Danviis, Capt. Grafton, arriv
ed this mornin from Vera Cruz, having
sailed on the 24th tilt., three days. later
than th'e Archimedes.
.The train netGen. Marshall and Col.
Miles, with theiti *respective commands,
on the 17th at. Puebla.
Our files ofipers from the city olf~
M'exico al-e to the 14th uit. The Aner
ican Stsar of tiiii date ithus mentions the1
dep'arture of the train:
We have onlly room to say bi-ie~yI
that the Amorican troops are by degrees
dcpigthe stiinerael and'oilier ihnpur- A
anponts rdind us, ard~ that the re
venues are being rapidly collected for
the benefit of thie American armay. This
is' in accordancewith the policy wvliich I
the [Tome G'ov'ein'eiit hias marrked out.
At our lates; ad'vides fromn Queretaro a
q'uorunf oe Congr~ess was udt in attend
ance, and these wvas but little prospect
that any business' would be transacted
at present. .Gen.'A,naya hard-been suc
ceeded'by Pes y Pena' as President
the term of the former having expired
and the latter coming in as President of
the Court of Jidie. A neiw PresidentI
is to be" enbosdef as soon as' Congress as'.
sembles. Wh'oit will be is a matter
upon which we rcah offer no opinion.1
There have'beenn rumorsthai Mr. Trist
has for soiM-:tiiie been in confer eacd
with .the Mexican commissioners, and
that certain teirms have been'agreed up
on, but .weohv .nothing authentic on
th'e subet. ''
Gen. Maisdill will. proliably 'reach
the city with Iris commrand some time
next weekt. -~.
Fr'om the sltshe noimber of thre Star we
copy the 'follow~ing articles:
Father Jarduta bar ely escaped ; in
deed it is not. absolutely certain that he
did essapp withi his life at Teotihmacan,
some twelvie l~ignes to the north-east of
tho city,-on'the 12th of January., Col.
lhyes, wiih'bouons hufidred Rhngers'
aiid'a feiw jIllioli- Volunteers, -reached
that place in tursulio die padre. Whilst
Iis men were reposing themselves at i
iacienda, their horles all unbridled.an<
unsaddled, Jarauta came suddenly upor
hem vith a party of Mexicans. A shari
nd severe contest for soniemidites en.
ued. About one handred and flify
hots were fired by the Rangers, and a
mundred by the Mexicans-the balls ol
lie latter All going over and not taking
fiect. Eight Meiicans were killed, and
ot an American was killed or wounded.
'ather Jarauta fled on his horse, hav
ig received several severe wounds.
Vhen last seen, lie was reeling in his
addle, and in' a few moments afterwards
is hoise came back, saddled and brid
:d, and the blood running down his side.
L Lieutenant was taken prisoner, who
ntes that the padre was severely woun'
ed. It was a very narrow escape for
im, and if living, we think lie cannot
old out much longer. In the present
istance; had rdot the Rangers. been
caught napping," their horses without
ridle or saddle, verj few of the Mexi
ins would have escaped to tell the sto
f. Those who are so lucky as. to do so
ave received a lesson which should be
advantage to them.
General Bustamente, ex President of
te Mexican Republic; has iss'ued an ad
ress to his fellow citizens, datid at Gu
ijuato on the 24th ult.. ie says thatI
lough willing to she'd the last drop of
ood in defence of hid codntry, he has
at had the satisfaction of sharing in th6
anorable'battles in which his country
en have been engaged. He says-that
hen Gen. Valencia, in 1841, disturbed
ie public peace under the pretence of
pposition to his (Bustamente) b'ing in
ie Presidential chair, lie withdrew from
station to which the votes of the peo
le had elevated him. After a few oth
r remaiks in regard to his absende from
ad return to his. fouintry, lie proceeds
i folliws.. We translate from the Mdn
1 should not wish to recall to yo
0nds thdt in-the m'anifest,
zeout m y ec~4j
e'sm&eird to ti~s~
imains for me only to telfyou
irlune has prevented me from being at
our side in the battles, and. that no op
ortiuity has offered to shaie iin your
roubles, which perhaps I inight in sonie
icasures have alleviated.* I am this
ay stinmulated by my honor and I am
ailed by my duty to place myself at
be head of the'arm'y, disgraced and al;
1ost anihiliated, fterhaps' through want
f skill in its chief. This day, I repeat
have the pleasure of directing a word
ayou'-not.as general, not chief;~ Lut
n inj-ured soldier- -an outraged
de.ican. My only desire is to take
'engeance upon sone we-i who are ig.
orant of the ri.41ts of war and even of
he most sacred institutions."
G'eneral B'ustaiente concludes by
aying there are thiity thousand valiant
ien left, who will remain passive du,
iing the oc-:upation of the Republic,
tc. This looks very well on paper1
ut we ap~prehenid wvill amount to no
nore than all the maifestoes' of that il
ustious Hero of Defeats, Santa Anna,
vho drove Bustamente fromi power sev.
m years since, amnd to wvhom lie alludes
n the extract abefe given.
Gen. Cadwalader.-Accouriis fmom
3eneral Cadwalader at Lolaca, have
>een received to the 8th and 11thi inst.
Ee had despatched the 11th Infantr t
Lerman, some five leagues this side o.
'rom the New Orleaizs Picayune, Feb. 9.
L'ATE FROM TEXAS.
The steamship Palmetto, Capt. Smuitli
rrived yesterday from Galveston, hav
ailed on the 6th inst. She brings pa.
iers to the 5th.
The papers annonunce the dea'th of
Warquis F. Rogers, Esq., a member oL
he Legishaoure fronm Harris cuty
Robert D. Johnson has been appoid.
ed by the President, with the advice and
:onsent of the Stenate, Postmasier ai
3alveston, for four years from the 12t1
>f January, 1848.
In the Ausiin Democrat of the 26th
,lt. we.find the following Indian intelli
. Maj. R. S. Neighbois, Special Indiar
Agenat, airived in town on Sunday frn r
I'orrey's Trading Ilouse. To him wi
ire indebted fot the following infor.na
ion in relation to the movements of thn
rarious Indian tr-ibes on our'frontier.
The Indians, avith whqits'we are ii
treaty, are all friendly. On the 1st o
ygnuary, Mb-pe-cho-co-pie, orie oftl.
Camanche chiefs, braouight to'the tradini
house six' of the horses stolen fronu Cahl
1Sutton's ranging 'ompany. He was so
I much alarmed by the depredation cond;'
i mitted by his people that he left with
i great precipitance. Maj. Neighbors im
mdiately proceeded to the Cariiadche
-country, bit did not come up witht' ii
Camanches, they having moved high up
in the Grande prairie.
Jack Hiiry; a Delaware chief, arrived.
ot the trading house- on the 20th, direc
froi Camanche camp, a'd Maj.N. re-.
ceived the "Taiks" of the friendly Ca.
nip'~w~$ an'Ma. -r
manche chiefs by him. They inforni
him,that the theft on the San Antonio
road wds committedby th-b "Ten-a
wish" band of Caman'ches. As soo'i ai
the friendly chiefs learned that the dep%
redation was committed, they followed
the (hieving band, h'nd recover d all the
stolen horses; and have the bafance id
their camp, ready to give up. They say
they are determined to abide by the stip
ulations of their treaty.
There is at peesent a very larg party
of ih.e Prairie fndians assembled on the
head waters of the Brazos, consistn df
all the upper bands of Camanches, Kio
ways, Yam-pa-rith-kas, Mus-ka-le-ros,1
&c. They are now organizing for a -
campaign in the northern provinces of
MIex ca, Cliihuahiua,&c. They propose
to throw several tiousand warriors 10%
to that country. Maj. Neighbors' could - a
hear nothing of the difficulties between
the Camanches and Delawares, recently
mentioned by some of the- papers'in oth.
er parts of the State. All the Indian'
tribes were perfectly quiet-no ffcu.
ties existing either amongst themse! "
or hostile denionstrations' against tlir,,i'
whites. Ourrangers are'now-ve ac
tive and 4fficient, aWid there-is no
bility of any disturbances, unlessijdi't1I
created by sone umatth6rifid mov -11
of our own citizens.'
FrioM the N. O Pi=
FRO'M THERI oul
Mexicans in.tat h patof the cue y.
dte naking every *effot' to opjosei
march with a strong force. At first the
did not 'intend makingany resistance
whatever, but, emboldened by the long
delay of our troops at El Paso, they set,
to work in good earnest, and have now
a considerab!e numerical force 'and 12
pieces of cannon. Should, our ,toops
continue on their march, they will pro
bably have a second edition of the battle"'
of Sacramento. .t
Our readefs %fill' doubtless recollect
that sonie months sice, our correspon
dent, J. E. D'., %0tIr Gen Wool's Co-;
lumn, mentioned that Mr. Jas. Collins,.
commonly known' as "Squire Collins,
who was-interpreter to Col. Doniphan's.
command,and behaved with the greatest
gallan try at Sacramento and Brazita, had
startedacrosa thi couniiry i'n comdany~
with, Col. Ward and'a small partylef less
than a dozen, for Santa #e. The ex'
pedition was regarded as extremer-v liaz
ardous, both oti account of the. ld~ans
and Mexicans; but the old squire and his
vetera'n comipanuion,' who: is eig'htyffdt':
years of age,.iere ijdaunted ,and <do
termined. Thme party wvere heard from
a short time since; and we regret to say
-they~ were takenm prisoners at Presidio
del-Norte by' the treac'horous conduct ot
a Mexican padre.' Whennear a place
called-Suin' Carlos, on the Rio-deli Norte,*
they en'countered four Mexicans out on
:a'n 'expi~ditiin after Camanche horses'7
and inqtbir'ed of dfom the d'istance to San
Carlos, where they wished'te i~elisd
provisions. The Mexican representesi
de~ distance as short, and offered to
guide thenfihhtter. O'n arrivingtaI f~aii
Carlos,'they were unable to satisfy thir
wants, and were advised to proceed to
the Presido-del Norte--the Mexicans
telling themi that there wvas no garson
there, and tii'at they had'nothlengto fear.
The sqhire and party determiin-ed':i'f
lowv ,their advice, alid set oui; but ici the
in- altime, as aferwrds aipeared, the
Me~i'c ins had sent offta courier to #iesi
dio, with the infoiiatiei :thiat a party.of
Americans were, on their way to' that
place. - Ignorant of this circumstance,
they in'due time arrived at the Presidio
-ivere kindly received by the old padre,
a id considered themselvesperfectly safe'
-Dinner was prepared for them, a table'
spi-ead at one end of a large "sala," their,
faris' being deposited at the ,other.
party of Mexicans rushed in, seized their
-arms, ad took the whole party prispott