Newspaper Page Text
For the Mpetiser.
Reniniscenccsiof the Pdimetto Regiment;
Col. P. r. BsLer-Partial nalysis
of his character :-his military i ns
his genius for coinnanding-his social
virtues-and his high, *iua bearinw.
Abstulit blarum cita mndrsAchillem.-IIorace.
Per cnjus virtutes nonenCtarolida
-Crevere et vijes,imaque' et imperi.
Porrecta majestas ad orturn
Solis ali H6pei-ciuiali.-Horaec.
Byhis gallant 'virtues, nobly shed
-11 idsiiring deeti and victor ies won
Carolioa's fane abroad hnth spread,
F'rom the rising to the settinz sun.
The civic history of: Col.- Butler is to'o
'well known to require any delineation
'from our pen. We propose,, therefore, to
view him only in his' counection with the
Palmetto Regiment. As a military man
his char-leter deserves to be well studied,
and his hoaored iame,.and his bold. deeds
of valor should be enshrined in every pa
As a mere drill officer. Col. B'iler pos-.
sessed no superior excellence. ie had
forgotten, in a measure, the rutline of tac
tic exercises, and found no necessity during
the campaign, 9fdirectirig his mind to th-e
study of these especially anil in minuneW.
With a Major, noted for his skill and ac
ct'racy in drilling, this. drudgery was, in a
great degree, taken off* his hands. And
this gave him more time to devote himself
to the higher interests, of the Regiment;
which he always guarded'with peculiar.
care and industry. But though- no adept
in the merely mechanilcal portion of the
-soldier's duties h possessed in an eminent
legree. the qanlities. of a superior coin
mander. We are not fully prepared tosay,
he would'have greatly excelled as a strate
gist, or that his faculty for analysing mili
tary operations ivas extra)rdinary. These
povers fall tothe lot -oly of a very few,
who; by nature, are gifted with great mili
-tary geuius. To plan and arrange pro-,
perly all. the ,g.eneril op-rativns of a cvram
paign, and to direct masses at a-distance
from the enemy on impnortaint points, so as
to favor rapidlund ad!'vaentageous move
meats of an -armyand io keep opeu lines
of communication &c., require a compre
hensivenesi of.'inid, a readiness of con
lceptioni. and a depth* of 'fnresight rarely
united id one nian Such abiliy belongson
ly-to'aCtesar, or a Bonapartoi.But in Lo
gistics, -or a -knowledge of moving and
supplying arm ies, in grand lactics, or the.
the art of combining and directing battles;
in 'a 'word, in- alli the praectial rules for
conductinr campaign, battles &c., we
-tink-Co1 Butler had fewv-superiors iu the
Aniericata . Army-. -His -strong comqton.
Mse wrhich rendered his judgment .excel
lendi all mati;ro a practical nature
fits quickness.'of mind- hisreadinessin
readingch einrind his extraordinYg
faculy foreongoin audiaverningnien,
ditide h y e eilio eiedendue
nanagementio apaias. eon ava fteu
Zaistned- w ag eAco hie jdihiDous and
the'laiter: his..views and-advice re often
*sought at Head .Quarters, and among thie
the superiorotlicersof the, army ; and his
excellent, ?good sense gave a pointedness
to bis opiains that seldo n failed to catry
- conviction to the mind of his tiearer,..whilo
.-his mild torn ofeonitaion iintd'his great
weight of character, .always sec'ured- for
-them respec'ien~ whin they were not
adopted. In giring is opinions, he en
gaged little in abstract 'speculatiis; hut
Lnked almost excluisivoeiy to- the practical
bearing of ibe proposed project, or plan of
action. Indeed, Col. Butler did not enjoy
high powers of generalization, and at tach
- ed but little importance to mere theories;
but he was gifted with a discernment of
mind, and a qdickiness aud' accuracy of
judgment, that qualified him admirably
* .- for practical life. Ila chose rather to
-collect the facts and objects around hinm for
reflection, thlan to pry into ihe secret pro
cesses of thought and fandy;-and drew his
conclusions mbre by the force of inuto
than oy long deductions of reasonisig.- Ho
looked upon things na thiey are, and judged
men by a knowledge of te real feelings
and motives by which they are actuated.
If he failed in his powers of analysis, ad
,sometimes teasoned badly fro-n pre-nises,
his conclusions tnevertheless were almost
sure to-bo correct and practical. And if
ina the establishing of his general principles
he frequently erred. in the practical appli
cation of knowvn rules. lie seldom wecnt
amiss. lir a word, he wvas a man of action
rather than of reflectiona; but of action
directed by almost instinct ive furebight.
* - In his talent for commanding and gov.
erning men Col. B. had rews equals. To
rule firmly, and yet to be fully obeyed and
warmly beloved, were the happy coinci
denes f hs mdeof government.JEvery
ness of discipline with suavity of manmers.
Rigid severity on the one hand,.and disor
and charyjbdis of every exercise of power.
A happy- medium between. the two, is
most .dilicolt to be observed. In most
- ~minds, the lore of powver is aggressive; and
it often encroaches tupoit proper rule, till
* ~ the latter degenerates into actual, tyranny.
This is frequently seen in mtilitary life.
Harshness of discipline, and rudenaess of
deportment characterize - many, whose
mmids want a proper balance, or whose
-dipositions unfit them for practical gov
ernment. Hlow difehrent wvas the charac
* ter of Col. Butler ! Ie unired the greatest
kindneass~ith the .strictest rule. 'lie was
- in the proper sense of the .terms the. rler.
- and ihe frienadof'those und'erliis command.
He bestawed freely, and exacted freely,
and be was alw'a~s obeyed. But if ho
-demanded much, and was resolute in' his
- requirements, he repaid withI many kind
nesses the full ,rmeasure of his e xactione.
Every nne'elr,-also, th-:t his demands
were maderwith the best intentions, and
-looked .to thle decarest interestsofthte Kegi
went. It wes seldom; therdfore,that blame
-Some liberty has been taken with the La
fln, tosamut the application.
a btacfed to b7 1 in iie'admi Dstaiion or;
his .rules rnd i'eglliiio's. a reh or
supposed matert- grikaV e. arose, each:I
one felt a disposiiion focast the burden of.
censuor'e-elsewher thai)uuponibe shoulders
of his esteemed Colonel. A ebaritable
construction .could always be put upon
every hardword he uttered, and upon every
.tion or denand that appeared unusual or
extraordinary. His general 'conduct to
wards the men was mild 'and kind; but he
was sometimes forced to mea'sures of harsh.
ness and severity. Au the govern'meutof
a bodj of men, it is neeessary to have
recourse to punishment of sonie kind, as
well as to excite the hope of reward. Many,
perhaps, most -persons may be led. on to a
proper course of conduct by the mild
influences or moral suasion;. but there are
some, who require the' sharp' impulies'Of
indignant rebuke; and a fera, who can be.
induced only by -the actual infliction bf.
physcai punishment. Td resort to' the
lat:Or, which he seldom did, was always a
source of pain to Col. Butler,- because it
was incoinpatitable with the 'characteris
tic benovolence of his nature; but in the
application of the former,-he bestowed with
a liberal hand aud an open. heart. It was
his peculiar province and delight to incite to
good(J acts and valorous deeds by appeals
to the fiter impulses of our unture; by de
picting the hogorable charms. of glorious
achievements; and by pointing to the high
lemantids of State reputation, and to the
proud expectations of friends- and relatives.
But he sometimei found it uecessary. also,
to let fall upon the ears of: wanton..fte
ders all the full force of his generous indig
nation. --The exhibition of low -conduct, of'
mutual obstinacy.or of stubborn insubordi
nation, excited in his bosorn feelings of the
dleepest disgust. These -he gave vent to,
often, in the severest reprimands. -any,
we dare say. will. long recollect the severe
toigue-lasitings they received. froii ilt
lips. In these he was candid, hold, ntrd
utterly fearless of . consequences. The
guilty trembled under the withering influ
,pn'e of his words. an.d grew ashampd or
their offending conduct. But -he seldom
failed to impnress upon their minds the
justice, of his remarks; and hence, -though
galling in their effects, they rarely excited
feelings of. enmity against the author of
IA reconciling disturbancec and personal
dificulties among otffeers and men, Col.
Butler, exhibited a rare talent in -the gov.
erutneutodf 'Inen, and exercised a most
peculiar and importaut influence in the
Scepira tenens. mollitqne aiim->s, et temperit
I'le'regit dictis unimos, et pectora.mulcet.
llarmouy of action seemed, truly,' to. be
one of the most active desires of his nature,
and lie spared no efTuris to leep it'usp in
his command. -tuick in .discerning"the
.mnallestudiscord of feeling among tiose
;around%, him,:he set to work with his-woo
ed ee'rgy of charaeer,'anhiWeldi~iiail'ed
fta affehappy recoucilatj"injn
ilcati dtrotas concesiotso bothE
~o I 115r a I I i baud
lad , d lethe
pritld both' to reiazito o etsani
iedn and is happy eff'ects wre seatA
~the'great unanimity of feeling' and;' enti
mnent that prevailed in tbhe Regiment; and
in the total 'absence- of' all' personal tiiffi'
'cuhies of a serious natore ainong 'the ofi-i
cers. l f any, indeed,.occurred, they arose
after the Retgimnent- was deprived' of the
kind and protecting spirit that'directed 'it.
To have inmrodnezed thtis almost cxclu
sively' moral discipline--this feeling of
subordintatiuu and harmony-this elevated
regietntal pride-and khat courageous
spirit whicb showed itself niterwartds in
deeds of daring~ and chivalry ; and at the
samne time, to have excited f'eelings of love
and esteem iu every generous bosomn, re
qutired a happy union of the tmost rare
qualities. To have wrought such eff'ects
detuanded, indeed, a force of charatcter not
ofteon to be found. Energy, firmune'ss. de
cision of chatracter,good-nature, sou.idtness
ofjudgment, and qtuickness of metntal ac
tion wore all required. But Col. Butler
possessed all thee in an eminetnt degree.
in his social virtues lhe was not less
conspicuous. These shone, in truth,, with
peculiar lustre. They were the brilliant
ornamueurs, that decked the iout-ensemble
of his character. They gave tonie to his
whole being. They made him the kind
and aenerous oilicer;~ the agreeable and
cheerfttl comnpani')n; and the noble antd
itigh-souled patriot. Engenderintg in his
bosom kindntess to others, they brought in
to im iiseqlf a rich harvest of' frietdly feelinig
from all those who. came within their in
fluence. It was his genitle and suasive
,m anners-his gay humor-his pointed
observations-and his u niform cheerfultness
of dispasition, that mtade his cotmpny so
eagerly sought by all who knew him, and
thai rendered him a most acceptable guest
in every circle' that he entered.. Nor was
he sparing of the fund oh' social feelinig with
which nature had thus cadued him. He
:,iad a kinid word, antd a friendly chit-chat
for every one. WVith little reserve, yet
with much dignity, he inspired all that
came in his presence with feelintgs ot confi
dance and delight. There is an old saying,
"familiarity~ breeds conttempt." ' ILt was not
true in 'lhe case of Col. Butler. By his
couduct, he showed he was no believer in
the adage. Easy of accesto every one,
even tothe cotnmonest private in the Rtegi
ment, and allowing a familiarity --hat ren
dered all about hittr free timd easy, he yet
had every for'm of resl-ect paid him, and
alwayb rrained the full dignity of his su
Constant in his own feelings of friend.
ship>, lie excited in others the strongest and
most permanent attachments 4~d him.. He
was a tdecided favorits in the army among
youngi and old,-high and low .. The- highest
oflicers sotught his comp~any and selecaed
him as t heir companion. From'the Geane
ral-in- Chief' to the lo'vestr Subbltern, he
was regarded with feelings of~respect,
esteem, and- admniration.. No'ine,7.indeed,
frihented his friendly boird, but'wascap
uivated' by the charm., of 'bis,social talent,
and-seized with~'sasiration' for the man.
Thlis feelingof deepinterest io himliowved
iefsrogy in the sentimen sj expressed
h' i finaou hearing of his death, and
by th dee sympthy fthswoviie
Istorps ioa'te i
ao.c OfdtheamanygthaL eam~'~
iA noble jersoifd . la e
saway withoui e ~emotibu Pr
moistened dh eiAirero' 'uni
proofs of hb Sth-s is o p
To the officersaud menof he
he vas.a friend, a piore11oi, uod
panio. e visiteddaily'tbe s:e
tered t i coirtsofi-ien'bA~id
upon :0 purebh le het A
ing; edcauraged the w1khe
gave a new life itand spir ev
brave and the energetic., And "
metto Offieer does not Vrcoll;cv7gt, dto
lightrul moments he has passed amRa hu
coneisl board? Who does I~r
inind his jovial pleasantries-his
therlyadafonitions! 'mWho camitii
freedom and eaie:iha:enjoyed6t!his
once, and the deliglt j:receidd
tening to iis sensible convetio
BuL it was n -tLie lofty -one!*loF
for which-he. was so-dis'inguisheai-a
Palmetto soldier' :especially clilia
contemplate Col. Butler. - lnl*,b' fr
proved himself-an indigenous pIati
nalive State, and a genuineseo
noble - aamily-branch from %Vi6
descended. Exalted in -his sentii
aspiring in his ambition, she 'vid
disgust all lowness of condct,itge e
a standard of excellence ditlicult of t
iern to the maty. Ifbe did*iot-a t
fully the -merits of more scholarshi d
viewed learnitng simply *as!i'a et
practical usefulness, he strictly .iain d
the great induence of moral eellencelan
the necessity of high tohed cbarkhel,
desirable and perinanetit success in life..'i
his own elatniple, he gave for
coirectness of his sentimen '
striking exhibition ufmora , n
im, ho presented .a -con-'*t
st-icilv honorable, and ree eo
so- usually attendant on mil- ..
looked constantly to the moral betn
the young men under his :comma6d., .
speculated little, it is true, on abutrLoc
trines of moral perfection; 'buretiitrongly
inculcated the principles of;-honorabr'lage,
saggested to him-'by -his observantid
and- his practical judgment., rAnd .ese
Tprinciples always had an upwardiisdbicy.
They pointed to a high . degree. of- ,coel.
lence. They denuanced all.dugradpig
and unseemly* conduat. if theywer:
better.calculsted to maeiwarikeieroes,
than moral Divines, it wAi, perhrpaYfe!
cause the cireamstances. under. idhey
were promulgated, --moi- imp i-yuslAe
manded the former, than.the latter.ta
not for thelack-of moraL!6i1m't. e
object of the instructerwas before-h e
wanidd honorable mno- nd fgkit an;
and his teachuings, both by rpi-ene en
ample, were directed to atso a
struggled mithf aill.Iheoolirg:
genLiezensoidbers, n 'ero -
what-snecoss ho met,-4tie lhistor p
~Regimentf rill fullysA'.n h .11
nive Uotilonts6f .
war tiib neupr
ani allove o glory enun
iniiall the active impt es-ofb ttb
tos heradIo ed
Coil..Butler was rotra te g1i en!
he comtananded, "and p~n~ri tute
,from which he came. has goa sbi
lion was to-sustain and elevatet poilie,
the character of the one anto h olher.
Sooner thau fall short of theise'oject , his
bold nature wvouiid have led him 'to the
most generous self-sacrificedidto prddi
gies of valor. To enable' his .omti atd toj
perform well its part, andf~'o (estiablish a
character for..superioriry aed dalleilce, he
would have expended'the enifeid1of his
natare. What did he not actually~ do in
this particular ? We .havksed .him
broken down by diseasei-alinost bed-rid
den-oblig~ed to bc hauled in a -wag6: aod
yet when the wvar bugle sounded,..ple and
emaciated, lie tore himnself-looselt the
fetters of cotnfinoment, and, urged on by
the powerful spirit that flre'l his boeom, he
stustained himself under- severe eil :and
fatigue, till he hail performed deedsfof'al.
most unexampiod daring and braveiy. See
him on the bluody field of:.Churdbusco !
WVhat heroic valor ! What 'genrero:us sacri
fiee of personal regard ! A powerful eue*
my, ten times greater in 'nurmberr li before
him, and threatens to~ovrwh~m hi
small comntand. The' teriil.'reneounter
begins. The atmosphere. Bll41. wii
bullets. 'Cool ind determnihbed. Colonel
Butler exhorts his men to beha e with
becoming bravery. His horseis selut from
under him. Ie distnount~,a'nd p nts his
manly- form in the midstlof his gallant
troops, who fall thicke. ardd it. A
inusket ball trikes.him in the kjee,arrd
wounds him severely;uuconceaned he hatb
bles along, still directio .aud .encodraging.
But ovetcome by the pains ofa his vround,
he disappears for a while in: searl.a of a
Surgeon. Failing in hiis'object, 6 eturns
to the post of danger fwiti radOewed deter.:
miniations~of valor. 'Like soooe fabi hero.
whos'e very form and Jooks speak murage
to the hearts of mnen; he walks out n front
of his Rlegi.nient,''as -if by tiitjeso -pro.
portions' of his manly person~ to prdect his
men from'the leaden storm, raging with
stich tremendous fury. For a wile, he
stands silent, and erect.. He' t0Js the
gallant General, who rider up tp him,
"eeyman in his Regimrn.poil ifolloto
Aim to death." The lasitdread'ful advance
begins. Tihe fire of the ene'my redoubleis.
Offreers soil men fall in multitudes., Caho
and cool, (.o1. Biutler pr~esses on writh re
neo d energy., Hegallanh 'p'its out to
,his c6mmand the .directiozlitishto take.
T havoc is dreadful. Hogeeslis brave
m "ound him, slanghfifed%ieg eeves.
it istoo mnucjh far~his generlinshtegrt' 14e
pushes on ward. but - the..teindfoa'ffeelion
flow freely from his eye,::leegth..the
fatal balil, directed rfrmoireaoft..the
enemy's Cavalry, reaches it~doomed- aim-.
H-is brain is pe'neirated,.and'lis oible form
sink's to the ground.: Be"his'iiol'silibeats
with haeroic courage~atainlyzilitiidtilsielts
of'patriotism..- He still uriar oidaory.
With his band'ap o'i.hi u4. in :the
very" convulsiois of 'deii Wil sicarce
breath enough: to give..uit nee ie ex.
claize-"Go'on my brave Boiys T~dse
ents' e u permostiT hi
ft gunentgun. his Siate oc*
'~di~.i~hpt~bglitsS h dS nI~or that
po ioerhis lory7 And
I'at s tstrveto honorvatd
i honotum muneribus was -
Uateirtites in ism-ca
r titlos mem esque istos,
F r A gus substitute the honored name
EDGEFIELD C. IL
V angsDAY, APRIL,188
W.i'have received a:very intere .ting commul
otitnn from Lent Joe. Aat, respecting the
IB 6:Boys." gi vin .g a correct listof all. the killed,
;se. But owing to the press of new Adver
. i ament s, w~e -are compelled to defet its' pub
lication until our next.
"We acknowledge he r eceipt of the Address
.oW tiW. Adams.- Esq., uponi the oceasion, oi
l ed t Seg W. B. Blocker. W(
wedeav td palish it in our next, or the
irat eart' of it at least,
We he reet to earn.that the Dwellin hous
or M1r. Carson -Warrenp living abou~t 7 -milei
-fratin theriourm Housi, was entirelyconsum
' X yfi gire vin the 3rnst.' lThe greater part ofhi,
lioueh'eold furnitur, was hurt. diWe.unddir
siad that crs. W..narrowly escaped, a a por
tion of the building felisin a few seconds afte
ecm ed the fire is supposed ti
originated from a spark rom the ehioney
The dathofies among our efers in Meico
St isrknown to our readers. that serious diical
tI had bokeCr out among soime o oumr chie
Oficern hMexico. Chbarges had been pre ferrei
by Gen.Scott-aainst Genrats Worth. Pillov
tanti Col. Duncan. Gen. Worth had preferrei
elfar esbgain't G fen. Scott. A Court Martia
iae egien aum frned to try'the Offieris. Te
Presidentso the- Urited.States ha dimisfei
,the charges Chainst Worth, Who had appeale
by Gno int' GenValihinton Wo
anti Col. huane G -eon.e ffrm ird rerrett
4eQi 'es ai Ge . ecte A uand wen
arn- Ou a to rsthe O their.In
Pr sdetote UutiSael hi fsthdanie
th chre ag int rl, ad orppna
o the m ea
comp~rw at e r it n dres td
an ptrb ilji fotiie orns'othejr,-i
The aeidn Min risth.Iush; itbvas -th
irs nof th~eesFoeig-i pblic fdnctorsto ten
dernlhiscratyulaset the:vuutiional gnd
th eirsnatvtf h at df. nton
and doubbls spoktesetimns of e-wofldu
p Teper In he iiAmera Senates, rso tbo
tederingt conrtlations of throisicontry
thFraeen taeetbishntee of a Rra nlfe pubio
ican Government, has been introdriced by Mr
Allen. It elicited sa'me debate but hats rit ye
been decisively acted upon. Whatever may be
the fate of this resoluition nowo, it wil.l finally
pass unless soniething should occur, to change
therelations o f hisgovernnmeint towar ds France
Thlere can be nn doubt,-that our people fee
the warimest sympathy for France on~,aecoun
of her past friendship, and mist rejoice to se
hear in thu enjoymentof a free and Republical
gornmaent. .The ex-Kina of the French ha
safely arrived in England. A. portion of hi
family are with him..
'Front the South Carolinian.
DjEA'IH OF THE~ HoN, JAitEs A. BLMCIE
-We regret to learn .that this genotlemnai
died at WVashiinton City on the night o
the Sdt inst. Mr. Black was the Repro
sentative of the Pinckney District in Con
gress, and well and nobly hdid tie discharge<
the diupies which bad been confined to him
lie was an energetic ar.d induitrious poli
tician, whose every wish was entered. or
strictly. carrying out what lie believedl tc
be the wishes, and securing-every thint
connected with the interest of his consti
tutents and Stare. He was a IDemocratia
--unflinching in his advocacy of Republi
can principles-and by his cnnsistene3
and quiet deportment, had litnked to htim
many friends in all parts of the Union. I,
enrly life. Mr. Black was aiu -oficer in the
United States Army. ~He was-also at onE
time, an ollcer in the Branch Bank of the
State at Columbia. After he retired fromr
the gank, he devote.ud his energiesto the
development of 'the mineral resources ol
the upper'country, and has been-iargely in.
terested in uining--both in gold arnd iron
-adid'iu the manufacture of'iron., ite his
served the Finckney Disiet three terms in
the Congress of: the United' States, and
hacf reresed a reteleciion-having intended
todevot, his after life 'o' his fathity and
domesticaffair; but he has beeni ct down
in the prirse of life, and those who wvotld
have. reellived the anatutie ad'vice of his
ivelltored miod at deprived of a father
-and conisellir. W~s uderstandt'that- Mir.
Black,This sw, and-his brorher, the' I-on.
JosepW'A Beck, of this toWn,, giroteeded
to ;Washiigrr.immediately on the re
ception of the sews of his illnesse aud sup
pose theyreace d tbnt place the dbay be.
fore hed~t - -
-:-, rom teLabur Republican'.
THE'AL U ,B~t IDGECASE2
* .We niotice'thitt~ournal &Messenger,
of Mucon,.Gu. hae ken- up the ease now
peingbfre rrthe ~i rnenm (son,in. rat
alafoi thlivrygi a Pie f0prop
liMg eetde W, anexefd 1
article. from1i pW pierithaitz ome feeling
exist itliim'portant- matter. even in the
.interioofGeorgia This however, is wat
-;nightle.expected, from the fact that thd
stockholders of iEfe Hank of t'he*State of
Georgia -are very numerous, and ih'rshe
Hit many branches .located iii dilfr'rent
parts- of the State. With rogoid to the,
views or feeliigs of Mr. Shiltz'in relation,
to a comprnmisqf this vexed question we
know. .nothing-, -But reasoi and those
influences that uisuilly govern-'nankiid
would seem to induce the. belier, that he
could not refuse a retsonable,and amicable
compromise of the matter, however stro-ig
may be his'impression as to hi; equitable
rights as well as his legal. He h's already
sustained himself, single handed,against a
powerful monied corporation. seeking his
rights for twenty-seven years.-. He has
grown gay in the unequal combat, and
wvould no doubt accept a reasonable eom
promise, in order to get a portion of his
rights and close this litigated question him
self,. instead of leaving it for others to. do
Messrs. Editors.-I notice your remarks
in regard to the celebrated Augusta Bridge
Case, and agree with you that 5Mr. Shuliz
has the gift of continuance in a- mst.re
markable degree. lie has certainly prov
ed one thing. viz: That he is: fully con
vinced of the justness of his cause, and
that he firm l'ieli'eves the Courts of lis,
coutntry ma. F6 him justice. Some
of the rece-it decisions in the Us.*-S Supreme
Court are calculated to urge him forwaid
with increased vigor. low low has it been
since Mrs. Gaines was. rigiculed by per:
sons.all over the country for pursuing a
cause which had-, according to their story,
less merit, even than ibe Bridge case.
rhe amount involved it is true was great.
er, but not of less importance on thut- ac
count to the parties concerned. ,It i;s just
as easy to get a verdict for halfa million
as it isfifteen millions, though perhaps the
celebrated "Founder of Hamburg" may
noi find it quite as easy to get his money
- as.will the scanc less-celebrated "Lectur
- ess" upon the "Horrors f 'War"'Lihe
Mrs. Gaines. Mr. Shultz has engaged able
couns'el. -Messrs. Berrien and..Webster
are --already retained. -in. his 6ehalf,.and
they very seldom embark in s important
a cise, without good 'prospect of success.
Mtessrs; Editors allow me. with all' due
respect,. to differ froit you, in regar.to
the ability df..the. Bank to -espond. -Its
stock is-already depreciated and sellingfar
below par. The amount claimedjs very
rapidly increasing, becausi the damages'
. will be assessetd according to the incilme
of the Bridge. and-- that'incomo -see by
I recent Augusta papers, has'sivelledto a
I bout.33,000 a montli.
- if Mrb -hultziherefoi-e sioid frioser,
he amount idet he.'beveeu 700,O0,or
$800,00a). Caa the'.ink; meet-hgt::,
mzounm? -That they are undersnuaiepre
hensibn may be infeeroib ffs thi
r- ejfhAve employed t. e..eed
ht e hm 0 el
wudgetu t rr
r tibisih lsl di
;theefp'lpe would he relteveritri .1l-ut
TElE UMTr STtTLrs AD F.W 'a.Grd
The follow tng mnessage of !lhe -President
was sent to.Congress on thei5thainst.
pTo the Setnate cod-otuse of
Representtaives of the United Statesi
r I communicate to Conigress for their In
form ation, a copy ot a despatch, wvithx the
accompianying documents received at the
Department df'State, from ihs envoy cx
traordiary and minister .plenipotentiary
-of the Utnited State-s at Paris, giving official
iiformat ion or the overthrow of the French
monarchuy. and tihe -establishment itn it,
stead of a 'pyrnvisional governmetnt,' based
on republican principles.
This great event occured suddenly, and
was accomplished alm.st -withst hbiode
shted. The wdrld has seldomt- witnessed .a
imore interesting or sublime spectae.e tha'n
the peaceful rising of the Fretich people,
resolved to secure for themnselves enliarged
liberty, atnd to assert, in the. majesty of
their strength. the great truth, that in this
enlightened age man is capabile of gover
The pro-opi recognition of the nevt gov
ernment. by the representative of the Uni
ted States at the French court, meets my
r full and unquallified approbation, aud'he
. had beetn authorized, in a suitable mannoer,
to make known this fact to' the chastittrted
aut horities of the -French -Re jmublic
Calleirupon to act upon a sudden emer
gency, which could not have been antici
pated by his instructions, he judged rightly
oft he feelings and sentiments of his gov
ernment atiof his countrymen. wihen in
advance of the diplonmatic represintaitives
of other countries, hte was' the first to re
cognize, so far-at wvas itt his power, the
free government established by the French
The policy af the United States -has
ever beetn that of- non-intervention in the
doinestie afuirs ofothiercouintries,leaving to
each to establish the form of government
of-its own choice.
While this wise' policy will be main
tained toward France.ntow suddenly irans
formned-from a minarchy'into a reptublic,
all our sympathies are naturally' enlisted
on the side ofa great people who, imitating
ohr example, have t'esolved to. bb free.
That such Sympathy should exist 'on the
part of the people of the United-Siates with
tIje -friends or free governmuentin every
part of the world,- and especiailly in
-France, is' not remarkable. We cenn-nev
er forget that France was our early frieatd
in our .inventifil revolution antd 'generously
aided Os in'shaking off' a foreign yoke, amdd
becominug a.free and ' indepenidant .people.
We have Ebjoyeds the blessings of our
sy.scem ~of well regulated goveirnmnent for
near three/fpurths of a centiury and can
properly-appreciate-itq value. Onr ardtent
and siticere congratulations-' are extended
to the patriotic peopleof Prance upon their
nbleer and thus- fir successful, effiart to
found for' their future governent Ii
Ireral institutionts simnilar to aut own. '
- It isi doubted that,'under .the benign
infinanc' of flee institutinno.. the enligted:
;talesman ofafre~p IteAf
o be h'ern': id
y1to culgivate jt
nost liberal. innciles ofisI li4pi itilj
ercourse and il
whereb y the happiean ,
Joth nations willb
Mr. R4ush lses hisdespt
etary of Siaie, a'folnws
* This succinct- narativ Wl ce
apprize the Presinded'6fr.i th I 0, i
I shall aoxiously . b lt ii jdyniiii
it all. 'rhe evouis. d als el as3iie
m'entou Ttisy'liad transde ill
pectations. In rieogaizing then eIt
uf'bings asa as I.could wihoujoi . 5 k -
struct ions. atid in doing Tomp an
solemnly I haddie'aeep co nvtioi haF
wis stepping forth: i -i r.'.A 4
cause of onmer in .i ane. aq: y'n
France-and thit-I was-aitito'g hric
of my go'yernent il eiwtry, re
of whose voice it.frll.upnne s't:j;
become. If I erred,I nist hoje4 til
motives which .swdyedie will"
shield. The provisional govrdrid 'a
ded all the moral surripkaio1 it
a 'revolutionary hiiurrieaiiii 0
society to -its base aod t ei'rftbin
first potentaus aiid tremblig.'iIn sci
exigency, hours. moments were i pr
taut; and. the U.States are felt as a pwer
in the worla, Uider the bi6 'a't lias n.
struck. - -
I am not unaware'that the courie~ vVV r'
pursued" departs from diplomatic
and separates me, for the tirne.bei
the European: diplomatic cor.a d
ted,t like myself, totheatego e
France .all the-memberif. whi
probably wait rusruetiona before adoi
any steps of recogniten. 11
under a sense aindependpagtd
eiergeiey. I sal however, not bojja
ware that the dipomatic corps
countries 'i -friendly reiiions
United States: and that it will hieisfa
much- my duty asideliotioo
maintaining that amidable oid
members, everdictated bTy reciprIcig".
will among th'e reproenatatibrfffriena
powers, whatever differeifd's
'ernment they aiy rp6rlsod .
honor &c., - RCR Dll
- .:.Y TELEGRAPE
WIe have, advices from Sata e
18th of February2whii cbu-A we
ibanbrought by e.
i the'13 a rumor.hiad re d
,.Fe lhat CoL.Botle ad beo ia
Ceeiral by'000 '1Meicans a i
rn w-Geog riewith 500-mn,imarci1 -.
ed:tirtmptly to his ie1 ~ .
'-The" late arri a1l o~-a
says.a telegpiedeat t
villo' ia' Cici
dates fr0 nSana24
IFebruary, coiffimiag~ti e
had bieen a battle beteza) tieAmei~
cans and~ Mexieda fUci'
patch states that C.;l.ABowles' 'regietc)
of about 800'-men, 'tatinned~at 1aEl ~Ess'
had been attackedy-4000 Mexican '~~J'
after a s evere "uttle,'id whsich 90Jdetli
men Cell, the former wore ddfeais,
soon .as- the intelligeincoeh @
Gen. Price,'ivizi 'all he int at his dispov
sal went to the assistauen sf- Col' owl. ..e .
Yo ilreceive bty the ;New-Orleans 4
about all the news that I-cin ugather; bura@
perbaps t can be-more patflcurar iregaftl '
to a few items which, reached ireby
Mexican mail on' the eve of her departtra~
Ai headquarters in :M'exico .the d:e
opinion prevailed that- peace w .esd
upon, and from several. commtsa'is~
which I have see'n, from the bestithoru
preparatious wire actually being maibgif
the withdrawal of the irrdy firomi~ob.~
try, or at least the city of Mexido, 0d tis~
7th-of May. Hlow inHao''n''siif
it be!'. I cdnnot doubt but that ai:h'"l
qnartermasters and comtmisaried; lifiva r~g
ceived instructions from:. boea lquirterot.
make their preparaiionsaccordingly Eith.
or a step of this kind has been take. oratitj
the Cooigress .of Quertrr hat assetmbleift~
(oh' whichi we have no information) ~lP
pledged itself' to'ratifyj a tratya any ka'dS
or Gen. Butler' has determinedupon t
course with the, hope, of. imntalz:g
himself.' The fact of his .stoppi Iup$~L
plies, save such as' will be necesaryfor,
the army on tbeir road down, is'-strango
inzdeed. -' ' ' ' -'
From the N. YE Jounal of Co'mmerce, Aprl
Mr. Auto-r's WWil.-We haves ex.amiineod~'
an abstract of this document, it wb'icfrthedJ
community .feel at- easi- the interest'of,-e
riusity, on accoun' of'.the . ast a'mnasnt
propterty whicha it bequeathes.. The pr'in -
eip~al docu'mient was executed July 4th,7'36;4 -
but.a Mr. A. acquired new estates, or thee.Q
eircumnst ances of.his devices 6bahned, a he
changed his opinion of what'wair best,' hiss-R
mnadn sundry 'cddicils, at the' foilo- ng
daatr, viz :-July 19, '38, 'Jauary 9, :9
Atug. 22. '39. Oct. 24, '88 Murch 3,'41.
June 3, '42, aud Dec, '22. 48. Ther.
ire various re-attastsiiuns-of the principal
will, up to Jati. 11i, 18,55.:. i
The great features of-- the will' and its~'
odiils, nmake anmpl 'provision fdr all lb
'elations of SIr. Astor and ,their childirsi "
is~ son, Wmu. IS. Astor, b'eing the great
There are no- trustsicreated for be~bn.-'
it of' relati'ves;:i9.quiiea a-inotenaa"
miy income, or a aumh p~erantlumtis ote
sid to the present .genierat on ewit a-"
oeversio~n to tireir chiildreni, or' otthe heirs,.
rho succeed to unrestricted possession.