Newspaper Page Text
o.ders tiietentitled t" no. protection.
Am [ exs 4tto iad here and under
the forums of constitutioial' legislation,
give my seppors to' ineasures,.. which
must destr yone of the-institutions un
der which we lvi? solimnly believo
that the gentlemeafrom.the ,North are
toot Sensible of the tendencies. of-.such
the conostrtidn was loinied its provis
Ions a#te adopted iM good faith, and I
had hoped hat some portion-of the same
spirit which:actuaid the lramers of that
instrmnaeni wouid be "fdund pervading
this body~at this time, That good faith,.
if it were to be found, -would preserve
to us the guaranties which are provided
it the constitution, and.I tell gentlemen.
thlut our fathers would never have con
sented to; come -into the confederncy if
they believed that these encroachments
would. ever :-have been made, and that
too uMler the authority of their joint
constitution.' The spirit of- fanaticism
never comienced-to prevail until it was
ascertained that the tide was running
against'us, but-from-that moment, about
1820, the time of the Missouri compro
mise, it has gone on with accelerated
rapidity, and. it now-forms one of the
dangerous elements of sectional ambi
tion. -* My colleagnehas alluded to some
of the evidences of this. When the
constitution wes adopted. it was one of
- its.provisions, not jimplied, but express,
ed an terms sufficiently explicit, that if
slaves escaped there should be' a to-op'
eration on'the pait.of the authorities of
the State to w jch' they fled to deliver
theta up, ant the understanding of
the terms suT'until recently was the
n 1793 amact = ssed making it
epal foni t tpn of 'the non.
slavtiolding Sta iair or conceal
a slave; an er'i.poritant
commentary on at at law, that
by that. r act , ieu- s made that
State 'iorts 'shalDii liteir authority to
aid in'4elivering upfugiiive slavei.:Thai
act- was made to :provide the mode of
delivering. up ranaay slaves. - It wai
made Ifthe assumption that they should
Abe deie'ed up uite the. :provisions of
an extradition treaty. Theineasure re
ceived "iie general c6ncurrence of Con
gress ad- thepeoples- This act looked
to got ith.:for its execution and e.o
force ; It hids.the sanction ofa.the
w'a . of all .sections, not 's spe
culati einrists bi as practical stiles
meng vo locked td' actual, and I niust
ay,;mithl interestr- When the. law
-, was p~posed, what would southern men
havs 'fught if thaw had bean told that
;;... t s should
.fce 'o ile asais ance? Whf, si'r
they' ibagld'iavTW 'eonin" rtl er r
comiroaise, but bejng the stridgr'par
ty theftwould'have~ooked out for their
oira s2nrity, The act was m'a'de 'in
-good faiith to couchii h'e provisorns of a
compromise, to pi ocuro a delivery of a
stave to his master.. How has- that act
been :tredred 1 .A la has been eiiact
ed-in 'ihg State of'New .York;' one in
Massahusettsa and' I believe" I could
* amine a dozen other Sttes where simi
1si laws haye'be~n passed, declaring
thiatltile $tate .chtis'have no juwisdic%
tion over tlhat-matter, and that it belongs
.keiusively' to the federal jurisdiction.
MsiMilien,'is one of the compromises
-of the 'constitution entirely disiegarded,
- and laws have been passed interposing
obstacles ito 'the re-capture of slaves,
such as woul~d make it nugatory and dan
gorous for 'die owner t6 make the at,
tempt. to reclaim his oivn propert'v,
an Massachusetts, it is made criminal
under high penalties, for constables to
aid in apprehending a fugitive slave;
ad jailors to allow their prisons to be
used for safe keeping-a law of precisn
Ifythe same import has been passed in
Rhode Jsland; and of similar import in
learly~ all the Sta :es north of Mairyland.
>To the North we can look for no aid in
apprehending. this species of property.
- So far from fulfilling the provisions and
compromises of the constitution, it is
'made criminal for citizens and officers
- of non-slaveholding States to fulail tha
~duties of goo:d citizens; and vet we are
*told' that the compromises of the consti
tution, and express guaranties enterod
injto by our ancestors, will be observed
in good faith. And that is to be our se,
'ctrity-thie security of good faith; and
by those who have shown that they can
* ot resist the temptation of ungenerous
jalousy, or criminal ambition ! This
' iawoise .than resting on a broken reed ;
V - or to ind a swordwhere you expected
a shield. In all cases where controver
sies have arisen under such laws, the
Supreme Court has decided-them 'to be
* unconstitutionial. Do they stop therei
*Would to God I could say they did.
What is' our conditiori when our proper
ty of this kind-pa operty recognized by
"the constitution-is taken away from us?
tWhy, we are treaited by them with scot n.
4Cn we appeal lb their municipal offi
~eerst. They point to the act and say,
'e~*6are prohibited. But, worse than all,
- i,t4engde the interest of the political
aspiltrats to excite a feeling of aversion
* .aas~esholders. 'They have'constiiu-.
isealfightes am n- power to enforca
lem. Yetia oldi to .rely .on com
pronfise, and, atany. rate, ''lthat it -is
- anbecainwg in iheSiouth tp manifest x
ciaemeateth.t we .nuskeep perfectly
~ tiet not to be alarmiedi is -allper.
ua4cyrght" W~hen the lle is buring
oup mI am told' tbat i sus kep
Ao--lt I must not discuss the ntatter
with any thing like heat. We have a
rght ta discuss k. It is proper for us
there- was an adeqate issue t m
to a full trial. I say to gentlementbt
the crisis is approaching-not by any
acion of the South, but is forced upon us
and if the lipriorsofracivil sa'r docome
-which God forbid- -
"Thou cen'st not say I did it,
Shake noi thy gorf locks t. me." -
I declare solemly.before heaven, that I,
believe that we are in a-doomed minority,
and that it is the duty of the South to take
some means to avert the evil. I have no
confdence ti ' aranties of the con
stitutioni tLe e ed. I have no con
fidence in those who choose to preach to
me good- faith, while I have examples of
its flagitious violations, and. tell me all-is
well when I see ruin impending over me.
I wish I could have confidence. I am
told that when a measure of this kind is
proposed, it is our duty to give all the
forms of legislation. . I should bb glad, id
deed, if I could discover in it any thing
calculated to defend the rights of the peo
ple whom I represent.. The- issue must
come. Ambition will avail itself of it:
the. elements of its developments. and of
mischief are contained in it. .I believe
from the course which this discussion has
taken, that many gentleman will vote for
this bill, but if they do, they will do an
act, the efforts of which they$ do not ap
preciate. Gentlemen do not understand
the feelings of the South. I have no fear
of . insurrection, nor the dangers of slave
property. If we were in the midst of a
war to-morrow. I tell-tho gentleman, that
we of the south would feel as safe io the
midst of a slave population as in the midst
ofa tree. We will see mr-re of this in other
forms-1 make the prediction, that should
any ptrt.of Mexico come into the acquisi
tions of this Union. there will be provisions
introduced to prohibit slavery. The whole
territory of the South is to be put into the
power of-those who tell me that "in nedio.
tutissimnus ibis," as they express it. Oh,
yes, they are very good judges of the mid
dle course].- but as good' judges they are,
when they undertake to persue the middle
course, they keep it so long as it is their
interest, and no longer. What a security
for moderation on our part-and - confi
dent reliance on the good faith of those
who have never kept it! Ihave expressed
myself with some warmth, but I hope the
Senator from New Hampshire will at least
o me the justice to say it has not been
without provocation. I have avoitd epi
thets and violent denunciations, because I
-am, prepared for grave issues when solemn
determination and not violence mast be re
sorted to. I am willing to wish the Union
safe, but tonbe so it must preserve right,
and maintain o-constitutioilil obligations.
l'rantiot resume'my seat without expres
sing the high gratification with' whiclhi'r
.have-listened to. the eloquent remarks of
the honerable Senator from.Indiana, [Mr,
H aunegan.] He has taken the high-min
dod, and-indepeedent.course whi hbliis
character'entitles us to expec I am.con.
fident-that1,he will, be rfully :sustained-by
al! tre heared patriotei'"throniid'd a
S[from the aNs. -Picayune.Ma8 18
--LATERt FROM TII& CITY ~'.
-MEXIlCO. - * . -
ARIVAL OF THE sTE.ASIER NEW ORLEANS.
The U). S. seamer-New-Orleans, Capt.
Ed wd. Auld, arrived otn Sundty. evening
f oma Vera. Cruz. having sailed thence ont
Wednesday, the.3Slinst. The -ship made
capital possage both going atnd coming.
Gen. Scott and suit left the city of' Mex
ico on the 22d ult., and arried at Vera
Cru: on Sunday, the 30th. He immedi
ately embarked on the brig St. Petersburg
fot Newv-York, under a salute from Fort
Conception.. Hie w-as waited upon biy the
commander of the fleet antd received a
salute from the flag 'ship C'mbherland. On
Mooday, the 1st inst., the St. Petersburg
was towed to sea by the propeller Thomp
son. .In passing the store ship Relief and
frigate Cumberland their riaging was
manned a ndahree cheers given to the hero
On the 3d inst. the General exchanged vi
sits with Com Perry and was saluted by
the flag ship Cumuberland.
Among the pasnengers on New Orleans
g list of' whom evill be found belowv, wvere
U~en. Pillow anti staff, Geun. Townson,
Geni, Cushing and scaff' Cot. Belknap.
Col. Childs, Col Duncan. Col. Whither.,
and a large numbher of olfcers.
-So despuerate at one timnn was thought
the chance of bringing together a quorum
of Congrecss, that the President h-ad detcr
mined to exclude the States of New-Me1 x
ico, Chihuahua and Yucatan int estimn
ting the representation. so that a smaller
number may constitute a qtuorumn. Sub
seqtuent events letd him to believe that a
q'aorum coutd he obtained, and the Pres
idlent re-considered his determination.
[ Special Correspondence oft he Picayune. [
CITY~ OF MEXtco, A pril 20. I848.
In my last letter I. stated that Col.
Whiters. of' the '9th Infantry. had gone
home on leave. I have leartned sintco that
he has tendered his resignjation.
The letter of your Qtteretaro correspon
dent, of the 231 inst., anid some of' his in
formation is important. The extracts from
the message of Rosa to the members of'
Congress no w a t Queretaro, show that Pe
ns y Penoa. fully realizes the dangerous
position of' the nat iontality of the country,
shonid the treaty not be ratified in seasotn
--ant also shows an energetic determini
tion to sptare no etThrt to brinug about peace.
The passage in the conclusion -of the
message quoted by your correspondent,
in which Rosa says--"and in. order not to
incur the terrible. responsibility of' flisinug
thte nationality of-the country, she Execu
tive will dictate extraordinary mneasui-ee,
whictt he .never would have. tadopted if'
circumstances were not so sevqfridifficult'
and dlangerous"-I presume refers to the
itntention of' the President to decree that,
in conseqnence of the condition oef Yuca-.
tan, and -other States,.-ariging from. thle
nra certain nuimber (less than fie' con
stituuionatlqtorum., It' is proballihe will
have to. resort to "this measuro as. itis
understood here, .that several.'Congress
men..wlio_ are not wIilling to'oppose the
treaty by a direct-vote, itntended to defeat'
it.by breaking the quorum, whenever th@
& The paragraph inthe dettetelatiinz to
the sermon of-the-Padre aches istat this
.doitren't ery im'portarWCt wawsujnosed.
that in consequence of the arrentrments
made by the Senate to: heUnited' States
tpthe clattsei of the lreaty relating to the
cogniton oft xc
he-cl'ergy :wo'uld is et
reaty; or at leastsrq te
re netaserted.h r -F
:orro pondent is:.a y
and-a: 'great maJoiy ;;oI
stands. "The clergy bf
tie inability of Petia y
force- lodae-ofr $150.0(
Quere'taro for the- pulpc
(t is, whe'n translate
purpose of bribing the,
men,) held meeting in.
to -day and yesi tqy, 0
shop presided, fo be F
sing the'propriety or e
vancing the gum require
and to day they resolve
moneg from. ttg., fun'
I t-odersrand the whole
my mind, settle theque
the treaty will be. ratih
I wrote you:yesterdi
translation ofa letter ft
taut infrination. Les
tion may miscarry 'I
original letter. Our c
not yet received an ans
munication to the Gov
tarn relative. the the ese
a day or two since, va'
Mexican Government. t.
ican troops ioaenier thi,
see-ton of a quantily ol
in one of the convents %
army. evacuated_ the ci
instead ofgranting the r
clothing. It would not
if the' Mexican Guiern
the arms taken in the di
be returned. It woultt
the modest reqest ind
Tte mail is. in from
should there he.a leiter I
pondent, I will endeavor
the Mexican Vera Cruz
here at 10, o'clock. t~uig
heir-e.' D. S.
The edilor of'EliEco
one of the deposies whoj
terday for Queretaro,
last . of the .w k'ther
six... If so, we,see pott
not organize by DMa1ndaj
same; paper says-fles r:
ford will leave to tnor'i
of by atitY pt:r
fiOat they were :going
Govetnjneitt as fsls ,
beingto present iha.ry
tRro .asa luing;dPori
udxico.suffers ..by it
the UnitedStafes of
they-take ab'oifL 350,0f
tS rges 5a'ri0 tteldni
shoald inot -be ratifed~
mated-placed;itia - p
gress.nor war.. E
readers kisowv, is the
tion or the war part
etnce. Many of its
and libellotis, thaiuw
liberty which the:
eujoyed since its oee
icati troops, it' w
ceased to be pubilisl'
From: the N. 0
LATER FROM TH
The schr. H erni
Cruz, and we are .J
for the prompt trat ,ters
and papers from t . the
'20th of April. TI ;ouri,COrfes/
pondent are cxiri .serestmag, aend
will be found to comnt all 4~he. news of
importance,-tho burden ofiit being that
thtere is as y et no, quoruni of the Mexican
Congress at Quer-etaro, that the prospects
of the ratihication of the treaty waxes fain
ter, and that Paredes is stit- lairge at
San Luis Potoei. *
CrT or MEztCo, Aprl 17, 1848.
Enclosed you will find naranslation .of
the first letter I have received -rrorn the
get leman etnployed-'as ~yorcri-esponent
at Querret aro. You will-- perceive that
he says Setirators and Deputies are. con
stanialy arriving thero-from -all parts of.
Querretaro. and yet hie: adds that the
Hotuse of Deputies 'lacks ;stieen or etgh.
teen of the quorum, auidihe Senater four,
showing the tnutaber ordoanessmen- pire
sent at the seat of Go'enrament to be less
now than it was a.fortirght eo, when the
Mexican journtals.reptee that b'ot four
teeni were wanting in buii'ho6uses to maLie
a quorum. Trhis talltes witre'orts here
that Members are leaving uQerretaro for
their homes, as fast if no~ far thian they
arrive. There are a 'ew Jero now that.
do not despair of thqtreaty eing ratified
by the Mexican Gover ,eni hiefly in
consequen-ce of rhe tard e "slked by
Pen y Penn ing brsgl resoih
er, and the. non-fulflllme~ isf p~romise
in have a quorutm ,asset a~s soon a
the treaty wvas returqd ~4edb' h ur
Government.. Reporis a 1irepstl..
to,. that B.ustamentt ojitto peace,
and .yott will observe ihtyu uerreIaro
correspondent:nspeakt mand i
non going to:San -Ln: s~totwitri thea.
my, sa~ys thitihey'have onetrd ithe'
pretext of~suppresstng itadian nsiarree-.
non in ih' SeraT !)Bdifc, which
lies between Taumpico an~a.Luis Pog
.Mr. Sovier arrip be e.-Sturi ny
Both-he and Mr.A iffor sa that the
ian have hut very -fe ith, R
Mexicatns, and thus- re cf-he..re
within ai felv diya d t'dw il
retabo. This isteo31 wa4 elwt
Mexico.. fori1let stren~bm aniey'n
,eThs trial~b -rteocers atJmat acca.
id of the late miurder art trrtefnptat but~
hiary Is going on I oulde -sid yo
epein of the evidence bs hb eourt has
adtitte4 reporters ouaionditi6', bat r
wideucsu hall n t be published- Her
tieUhied Siates, until such. time .I
a, have elapsedi that there will be a
adiy: of tie publication not reaching I
b'efore the trial is concluded.
b'&Courto fInq'airy will be through
itjie evidence here this week, but if
hfidieiin Lhave.received.be correct, it 1
e delayed to.. investigate another
1 :am told. and Iconsider my. au
rity good, ib atseriots charges are to -r
,referredagainst Gen. Scott by the I
ran have doubtless heard that a coun- t
of war was held when thaarmy was c
Puebla, todebate.the propriety oV"buy- 1
;a-peace,"-.by advancing a certain sum
money to Santa Anns. It is said that
mt. Scott, alhough the council of war
-cided agai .'t the plan, entered into no
itiation with Santa Anna, through Mc
itosh;' to bribe him into a treaty, or not
oppose the advance of the American ar
ty upon the capital; that the sum was
;reed upon, and that ten thousan dollars
-ere advanced as "earnest money." I
annot believe that Gen Scott is guilty of
ois. but that.a charge to the effect I have
ientioned, or somewhat similar is to be
t'ade, the.. character and. position of my
iformaniJ.Idaves no room to doubt.
There it' part of your Queretaro cor
espondent'i letter that I do not very clearr
y understand. It is that stating that so
wral-American officers have joined the
VMexican army. I can only learn of one
kmerican officer who has gone from this
ine of the army to Queretaro, a Lieut.
)'Sullivan, whowas promoted from the
anks to a commission in one of the old
ofantry regiments for his gallantry at P.
;o. Alto, and Resaca .de 'Ia Palma. He
resigned his commission some time ago,
and.it Is believed, went to Querretaro to
join the Mexican arafr. It is probable
many-of the desertersfroo the: atny. - It
is probable--that many of the desertors
fron the. ranks of our army, with a view
ofobtaining- commissions in the Mexican
army, represent themselves on arriving at
Querreturo;.as having been officers, and
thus your correspondent may have fallen
The inhabitants of: Zecualtepec, at
which place Gen Lane had-the fight-with
Jarauta; have petitioned. Gen. Butler to
itemunerate them for the losses suffered by
them by jlie fight add the partial sacking
of the town, General Butler has requested
Major Polk, now the senior officer of con
mand engaged in the:fight, in the absence
oi Gei. Lane and Col.. Hays, to inform
iim bow far those people are deserving of
rmmntzgattou..;Maj Pulk is collecting ev
idence-to.show that their reports of their
losse-are.greply exaggerated, and which
I -sbomtwyt ..clie.town,.must: have
!een iclusiely~ihabited by; gue
r la,.n a.t.rI ' aP~ onmulo'.' -~ ' --
aleJ eitr(67n fie Amcria tr
Seidtors und' Deputieti are arriving here
laity from all paris of the"States of- ihe
realie.~:Those who .are hcre 'meet fre
quetnly in caucuses.
It is genurally believedi thai Congress
will imeet .safter the E aster holidays, that
is from the first tom ihe fifth of next month.
-The numbeor or Deputies wainting for a
quorum now- is sixteen to eighteen,. tind
the'number of Senators wanting is fotur.
-The army of reserve and the munuitio~ns
have left'here under Ge'neralq Busmamente
and M~inon, for 'San Luis Poton,. under
the.pretext of preserving order and tran
<juility, which are threatened by the rising
of the iadians of the Serra Goi-do.
All the opinions expressed up to this
time by the members of the new Congress
are-in favor of peace,
Some officious Mexicans have induced
severael American officers. asit oppears re
luctantly, to come to Queretaro, and they
have etnlisted in the army. . Three of
them have been Sent to Gandalajara. and
the oihers are wvaiting here for their ap
polntments fri my next letter I will
give yon their names. The two battalions
of the 83n Patriciro consist of from a hun
dred to ahundred and twenty men.
The st'ago 'which 'left this city for Gua
nafuato yesterday was attacked by a bandl
of robbers about five miles from he-re. The
passengers fired and killed one of the rob
bers, who was carried off immnediately by
his compamlons. .The passengers return
ed to tow-n, anti asked the Government
for an. escort, which was refused. They
let the stage go on empty, and entered
theIr proteat against the refusal or the go
vernmetnt to protect them under such cir
Cr or MExico, April 19, ISIS.
Herewith you will find the second letter
of .your Queretaro correspondent, datedl
the 5t inst, and hadl it not been for the
breaking down oif the diligencia on the
road I should have had a letter from him.
This let ter will be found exceedingly in
teresting-at the present momient, in- view
of the possibility of the treaty not being .
ratified-st Qperetan>., and a reopeninig of
the wvarninasmuch as it gives in dtail the
preseut military resources of the Govern.
met, in case a prolongation of the war is
'dete'rminied upon; bit in case such a de
t'ermiination is thought-of, howr appalling
piust these Statistics be to any Mecxican of
senseu ip desires to preserve the nation
ality ofrhis country. Eleveti thousand five
liundred-nen into the field.
Froim'the einne o' ths 7th May.
SThe brig Selina Capt. Black, arrive~d
ed yfsterday evening from Vera Crtuz,
"hence shen-sailed on the '29th ult. She
Upg im s'pers of that date.- -
In til Fee-Am'erican of the 28th,.we
.nl ie following irticle-'extracted' ive
presute froni the American Star-which
SSAe Lw~.-:-Gen. Parede.-New reva
obtionarmoemneitiajppee to be break
tan oat'in-Sat Liuis, in consequence of the
ing'to ti~~isn~i of the Md:mitor.
tn,4hbte of p142iiieople were in
Sa irttalaih si e atao
ratiott- of public order wia Intuked foi tuntiIt
ho shoiild leave die city. Ot te iglit of
the li(Taesd ay of last week) one of the
eyolutiouisti; name Triconir, mate an
ffort to surprise tht fortress of Ganda
upe, creating much alarm among the
opulation. The blow was warded ol,
hough that circumstance left- the citizens
a a stats -of no great security. One or
wo regt.ieuts of the National Guards at
enado, a place to the north-of the city,
lad been disarmed. To complete-the dia-I
races of the day, the agitators compelled
['riconis to leave immediately, for the pur
ose of uniting with Bustamente's divis:
ao at Dolores Hidalgo. The .lotitor's
urrespondent til.inks much of this distur
ance is attributed to the recent attempt
f the govcrnmunt of San Luis to appre.
tend D. Ignacia Flnres, who went'-to Rio
Terde for the purpose _of inducing the
roops of Romery to, desert. Flores fled
lid cogcealed himself. Another reason
issigned is the neglect and inefficiency of
he State authorities in pursuing Paredes.
when it was well known what houses he
rccupied. Still noihing was done. One
if the pure monarchists had gone to Z.ac
uecas to treat with Aimpudia, but the par-.
ies did not meet.
In the mean time a rebellion had brok
m out at Sierra Gordo. On the 9th a
)arty from Doroteo de la Fuente attacjted
t'band of miserable revolters near Terre.
iueva. in San Luis, killed eight or nine,
wounded several, and took nineteen pris'
uters. who were taken to the prison at
inn Lufs. There was another . party of
inalecontents at the hacienda of Jofre, ad
rancing upon Santa Maria del- Rio, and
ttill another of five or six hundred more
it Reiuelas, in Gau'uante and--ad'oining
These revolutionary movements in the
State of San Luis, and on the limits of,
ane or two adjacent States, certainly do
ant look well for the-peace of that portion
af the Republic. The Puros nearly over
thrown as they are, have a perfect under
ianding with the friends of Paredes. The
polition appears to be too much for the Go
vernor and Commandante General of the
State. They both exhibit an astonishing
indiference and apathy on the subject.
The administration of San Lnis has, in
this whole affair of.Paredes, -neglected. to
discharge its duty to the peiple . of that
powerful State, tosthe interests of peace
and to the Supreme Goverirmern. All the
aficers, civil and military, have eahibit
ed an amazing want of energy and 4ecis
ion. The result is, that insgibordination
p'revails.in various sections of the depart
ent, and pronunciamentos are getting to
be the order of the days It would not suri
pride-us to learn that Paredes and Busta
mente- had , united .their forces 'tnd bid 'de
rance to-the Gdvernlnent of San Luii,- if
ot to the Supreme.Ggtverurneni itself.
. I is now roundly asserted iniodie of
he Mexican 'ippers that P ~eid ent,
eda Y Pena will assumtiie resp6nsthil.
-tewsfrom the HtIoreS~iuanil Pt hor.
Ci w Yota.&May 8.
'I'he steamer Biritantnia reached I ostn
i twelve o'clock, noon;. yesterdav, but
ie did nt receive any accounts by her irn
onseqaerlee of,the telegraph betwveen N.
lork andl B3oson beinig ont of order until
hismorniug, whett-the matil arrived.
In Englatnd and -Scotland tie tmove
nents of the Chiartists continued, andl al
nos: every towno in the two counotries hadl
ield mneetines in favor of the Charter in
he week endfing on the 22d. Resolutions
ni favor of petitionjiig the Queen to re
move her present. Ministers hail been adop
edi lby the Cortvenuton with gre.. enthi'si
sm, and large delegations appointed to
visit the provitices, get signere. and see to
ho delivery of the petitions in Lot'don.
The movemtent had seemingly lost none
f its strength, and ini Scotdand a most ef
ective organtizatiu had been fortmed in its
The bill proposed in Parliament to give
greatter securtity to the Crown hiad been
passedi by very detcidied majorities.
Parlintmena has adjourned over, the Eas
In some districts in England. the mid.
dIle classes, who have been connted on as
decidedly opposed to the Chairtists, htave
frternizedl with them; nnd at Blirminchtam
and Nottungham mneetingcs had been held
f merchants.- favorabale to some of the
principal points in the Chtartist petition.
WVe have very distressing news from the
village of Cassel. The Croats (a lotly of
the Austriain soldiers) haid, it is staid, form.
ed a cordon rountd the village, and set ire
to it, atnd thnt 2000 of the inhabitants hiati
perished in the iiumies, Trhe shrieks of
the immolated inhabitants were heard for
Ini Lo.adon money was at 3& per cent.
on best bills.
Advices from Milarn announ':e that
the Sardinian troops had gained some ad
vantatges over the Autlerians at the bridge
f Gonto, andi it was stated that 2000 Pros.
sian prisoners had fallen into the hands of
the Piodmontese. Tthis statement was
greatly exaggeratedl, as the number of
prisoniers didi not exceed 400. -
A force of 1,200 Venetians lies been de
feated at Montehello, near Vincena, by a
body of 6(0 Austrian infantry andl cavalirv.
rthe greater part of the Venetianus were
iudent s, wvho volunteered from Boguna anid
Venice. 3Many were kilel'.
M. Ledrq Rollin hiad at length made
the formal attempt to destroy the Provis
ioual Government in France, and troops
were arrivinig every 'moment in France
Fromn all parts of the country.
The greatest excitement antd alarm had
leen created in Paris and. ihrougtnaut the
ountry by these alarming events anid
scenes of the most. mo'mentotus character
were momentarily expected.
It seems that a plot was actisally formed
t intimidate the Provisionar Government
nd elect Latinartine, Marres, anal other
maderate tnembees thdrefrom and form a
eivgovernmehr,- consisting of Ledrtn Rnl
lin, Cahimut Blangui, Albert (aoperative)
[Loi-I-Hranc, Flocon, Arago, Ruspaiel and
Pierre-Lero.uxa. . .
A meetitig 'wa~ iicordingly igot 'uji for
he Ciutips de Mai ottBSunoday night'
Wilishis tuberinr object. However Ins.
Famartino andt Marrast having gt- previ.
n'itiligendee of =ibelo 1 "
heir designs. The.-Nitto'fio
veil as the Motileewere aIs
he critical states otiinos irte li
d a complete reign if'terrorjfurn e
Provisional Goverminent itl' he pre
o military display:.:
AII'classes-now deemng hu~ate
crilied troopiof. -tliein: det~ehsr =
ler, lit-"and properya coug
nents were brouglt. into Pnrir A.apn.
or the first iimne mi:ce ther uiaou i
xlaced before the Hotel deVille;ofi
ional Guard of Paris No fejverjtha '
we hundred and two thousand n11 i a
teinbled at the quays and- Boulevards"
pined by forty thousand of the Beulii
tuburbs . . "
To these .were tadded;
Gu'ards Mobile',and this--hodfe qeea'
which and theNationalGuardiiAQsI
)nsy had previously existed,; '
as they passed each other,"-an
jilficulties were buried in obivi
Ireland continues'in a very eriti
and the oxcitement among theespplecoa -'
tinued to increase rather'th'an-dimminih
Arms are in brisk demand, uad:diie j
ple are being openly drilled.with
and rifles, despite the threatened t -
once of the Government. Indeed;
seems to be no longer any doubt of al
that Ireland is on the eve of a civil war ,
The Chartist-moverent in Englandha
settled down quietly, and the. sig'er ot
the monster petition are calmly waiio
the action of the-Parliament.
Most alarming deqponsitions f.'
opinion continued to bernide and ' it"
the general opinion ThaibloOdsiedti
of the Corn trade has been firmeiaj
our leadingmarkets during-the weekttal&, 'u
supplies from abroad contida liiit
as there are numerous bliferin i
ket, holders are eabled to'ae
prices. At Mark. Lane,(Eaglaud.)'
is quoted at 46;to'54,hillioger t t
whilst Canadian anad U.-$tates.are-wo
43s to 48s perqr, Ci. 'se1si'tl" ,
per gr of,480 lbs.iThd tteiAa .
ican. F'lour is' moderaid.e There'1:
stipply of IEnglisitgrer ttbliaaia
On the 26thIO:'States realiied2Bof'
and'the same pricesswereo ad
..' GERMAN .. :mx
We learn that aplatn.onfcasptts ,
the. centria. government of'9 o1 ai- Y.
been 'almost dietly eermi
by the great convenion
Frankfort on the 31st; e
sembling that ofa ltly ed re aq -
ofc tI'eUieritteso,.n 'l'tn
highetco. mndauna, sf ji tbe
ansdnO ,a svleldom ict?'ati'4tf 'r a -" :
eisirh isthnp: th lisip3wt "
its:wl a w -pttb
ndilct e bem~ rd
tbaot e ae. ita
turilm e~eiet eoerh
ly _there asu.mr cufdneni~n~
hiliic Should'd al (o.
consi'tuies to a e kCoasu: u't , s
houg.rthd ugt~eputei.o -.It a now
mni lste in, wfrich'ehae'n 'vd
ele tat Isore sy.tet iftover
de oin tae the ~ao en trarths~and co
tnyn thre isonlyimited Aunidecri' n'iw
milef Shrussal Ansadritntedindadbipt
Nheiceinn kingarynd dukesal e A
permied fartiep to chuosioinute I
th ouiona ryacng e nlips Sibec
and coplt thst'e tbie' aire rene tei
pfrom Denmark-. puboes cof'rnti6bo
0000 per bhe, an are, itis'repi~b'ohin g
drt e thn e-reagnsiby eniirellyG
anhi rl, that otherowtus acibsan
miaitnteigo Prussia mil eade it-a
espotsiilit ofie alth popeastion of t45
The igniing Thr'is' de6,uke i
permstcfsr m.prsnt to1seon 'n't
proedrea ofani tiny repec.'-rac's. o-th
life oFrederuick.r 'Willia t ha~ bi~o
aopeimigsche, an parec, isial'eothn
wasroretnseereign T ye latetKi y.'.91'if
the coerions dubeandf boutar'vittgi
dat ten ie miedatofeir abaeods
thte cesivineeate t. i .lffi
ofl hispoerhis itle -vs. depmrived h$i4a~a"
moiniory, lie i ng v rtuyssiraade.
sineqa nor tat tohia gouernsmeto
pres sb ofasl he mae'asrs 'f the
armiiat'asn. heere i erif' ner
eucircumtand kces, ifmore widni inlihis
pomedurs.ion fan policl ics are: ofi
likel o lieeick hWillism11.ith 'o
ao~tiinJuc peoli. hw is ninver
inabi nthse oreshelteUing fS
aria wa etteco y.h'id saecs- "T gInEra
eie ofessini deas'dbuedater'avin
tioneupo be iefdiate abanienW hs
thone, oncevigththe Ditic folmbars.rie
delis er thisheritleas prred9..
thonor; he thes threuallyow scbtinted-ta'e
toheg ae o Whinson cnty.eesor
withunreceabdction f erfaempt s
thiason of heolitica 'erme s,. re o
Coklymonwealth. hrory shil nid a
toengthedpemd up~oni caneneaeer
ihbi thea samou fot.-Unin
Ciruti-C'out for theIcninty. of $(sag -
declaey to bhe sherrjj~3r A3eanl cei j