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" wyeill cling to the Plrlars oP the Temple of cur Liberties, and if it mut fall, fee Will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUYIE XU11. X3 (Mij 3% 4 LAT to. 19.
ptlI;1SrlE EVERY WEIENr.$DY.
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EDI'OR & PROPRIETOR.
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Conn unnications. post paid, will be prompt
ly and strictly attended to.
1-' The folkwing gentlemen are annonnced
by their friends as aidilates for the. Oflice of
Tax Collector. at the ensning election :
Col JOHN QUATTLIEU1M,
GEOitGE J. SHEPPARD,
E I)nl U N ) MORRIS.
SU1IP0SI)N B, MAYS,
Alai S. C. SCO IT,
I l RV . Wah80 SN.
1" Te friends of PETER QUATTLE
IhU1l. Esqr.. announce hint is a ctndidate for
the Offi.-e of C l'rk of the Court of Conmmmon
Pleas. of this District, at the entming eternon
. ululiry 14 if 50
U1The friends of WESLEY BODIE. Esqr.,
annomnce hii:t a ennmmdidl:te f.r the (ffie- of I
Sheriff of this Distract. at the ensning election.
january 14 tf 51
(D"W E are anthorised to annonnce DAN
IEL HOLLMND. Esq.. as a candidate fur re
e l e c t i o n t o e - ' . . i .t W en i l k w a r a I
seat ie the
the e. suin
the House en a
ins elcion, -
U We are atthorizel to annonce W. A.
11A R 1s.. Esq-.. as a catidiit.te for a scat in
the House of epresentatives, at the next elec
aehrnary 9 if 3
Tme f, .ntda minf Mmj'!1 N TOl KINS an
nnunce him as a candidate for a seant in the
House of Re pree.ntatives at the ensting ele.c
lion. May 3
The friendor~r JOHN LAKE. aim- once,
mhitm mm Candidate fot a seat in the House of
Reptresenatives. at the ensuing electitn.
March 14 if 3
-fThe friendsf\lmj AiBRAHA11 Jt)SES
announce him as a candidate for re-election to
From the N. 0 Picayune 19th inst.
LATE AND 1.3!PORTANT FROM
A Quorum of the 41rican Comgress at last
assembled at Quenet ro-Conflicting
opinions u, an the Peace Qestiein
B. the ;rrtv-I of the tem. MA y ves
terday morning, we tmv., receved Vera
COt: dates to the- 7th inst., the day of
her depalture, and our curt espotndence
to thce 241-inst.
CrrY or MEXICo. April S0.
The er.cem..d let me, ,-f your cmrres
pond- tat amt Que retaro shmotald hmuvm. b- en
int my hands ltst iighm, bmaa smem irre
gint i:y in thme pltst oilie' here pre-venmt
ed nmy rece'ivmg~ it tu-mtl this amornum.
- Yous w ilI see your cmorr ponder ni a n
nlouices thie imptantttt fimct (mat tm qmuo
rumm is .mt: Q ter tain at last, undr thma:
Conmg e'ss onuly await te arrival mf .
Amnerican cojmmttissionl~s to :tmmtenCe
- its detmberatiats. Why they sho.uld a
wasit :he rftw.it or tihe comttminn rs tmm
coummec ttC heir sittinus is munte~ that I
know. Their i.,t dty, as reqmtire-d by
the contstitutiotn, is to e. et a Pre-ntdent,
and this befiore en tng imto a cttsider,
alion otf thme treat v.-Tmm re.mmsh-nvrs
are wailtng !o hear officially tbat Cmon
gmts" is prepared to) sit before' they leave
for Qere:mro. As 3oon ac thtat fact j.
annuounce'd to th'*m by the Mexim an Go
vernmsent they will stamrt. They exp ct
to receive a comn unica-:)n by thme ttaait
which astrwes from Q.m.eretaro on the 2
orfne xt month.
Last night the cijy was thirown itnto a
state of great excitement by thme circula
ti)n of a letter pturportintg to be froma
Q wretaro, of which the following is a1
i Popular Revolutin against the Go
,,erament at Queretaro.-A re'specable'
gentlemtien hads ',eeiv.-d. by extr a :rdinma
ry e xpre'ss fromi Qtt ar.., a letter
QUERm:TARm. ApUi 27 1848
D -am F i.na -m---Tli'.e paeompi.. hat --. be
comn' weary with %uff~rng th' "Prne's
.i -mm of spot mtf pem' t)rant3. T'i siat
lasnt is the ctase widh the Mexicuat-;
and by the onmniomwnL ezrjrcise of its
will. discardiatg what is ca. d the G 'n
etral G 've'rnnet ni of ihe nation establishi
Sd at Q retaaro, it has prostrated to the
ear th its treacheit taus opt ressors. At 9
o'clock ilt h-- night of this day, without
aniy resi'aane, it pr uclaimt d the only
plan which, in the present cirutmstanc.,
canf sai@- the country, .'z: " War, and
war wiMtut peace nr gart' r untill an
hunorbth prare is obtained." Such is
the pr ?oran.nwe ''f leis bappy revointion,
at as h. ad of whlich. ail the distinguish
ed Gene-.:ts Ain.outa, Bus.:cmente, Pa
rtides, to wht'se' v ice all who art Mx
icans, rhilie thani p rtis.ns trill tespond.
The exp.es' bring oa the point of
It aving, 1 renew to you the assurances
ot my t gard.
The toscin of libserty has sounded at
last. Son< ot H1 dalgo and Iturbid.,
an..k. i The invincible hand of Pjt-vi
dence poimts - at to you the roed ty
which every tnatitton .tiw globe will oc
cupy its tue place. M:-xicanst fulfil
The t holt story pr vet to be a fabti
cation, stid I am inl. rmed by old it Se.
den's herb, that tihe circulations of such
sits ies in print is the ustal pe-cursor of
re'olu ions, aid many cicutnsaances
r -odie r it within th i.ange of p. ssabilt y,
that tihe gov rnm"nt e f Pe'na v Pena,
wit!out ponpul.trity aad wit ntn re% u:
ces,aay be o-sstes. from power he fore thea
ire-acy csaa be rat fz.-4, The mititary sare
tem .d.ag pay, wiai<: Pe'aa V Perna,
in the prese'nt condition of th treaurv
ran hardly give them. The advc'es
ion. Q aeretaro show-if betting can be
1ae' as an index--a division auong
the mmbers of Cone:ess on she subj"ct
of peace. Rubio (which your csrres
pod"nt says has made a bet of $5,000
as 1nain stats. I have hcen surprised
a learn th.:t a tman of ieabitt's intmensP
ieaithi, and nithd the siake he has in the
ciuntry, was opposed to peace, as he
rud' knoti that the nationtaality of the
couilt t is hat it the 'reat' now a: Qa:uar
etaro is sat r' atfi--d. But lie is ti- own
er of saatie of the iargest cotton factories
how in Me iico, and may desire the ex
etaint of tIle A maer ican Govr-l nm-nt
over the while country, to give that s.
curity to indu-ry which experieart' has
proved never ws I exi"t and . ii.. alex
scan Gov: t naim nt. II is a ia, ge com
mei ci I sjwcala ir beides, and like ma
n, othe'rs oft '. i cl.sss, mat bi: opposed
to peace at the pie ent tmt, least the
guads hey have aldered from abroad
rave ar rive aner the treaty has been ra
tifi: d, and whet the M-xican taritT will
have come. into operation again. This
was snug'ested to me as }rne seatson f
his opp.isitiosn to eice by an old and
intelligent residenlt of ihis cit., *ho
knows hin well. Ftom what I hear of
ta character and pcow-er o! Rubio. I at
tach gr:'ast inim tanae to Ilt' iation he
takes ins r.-ga d to the treaty. The M'an
i'or Re iatalbc-ino, published in this city,
a stronag advoc''aate oif teac'e, ahnughi
tra'.tig the I. tter Ia) which I have re
f'rread as a hoax, at ihi.- sam inh-e tacit.
v cof.se ;'a the 0 .vernatem haes
reasomn Iao b-mtac of its elnmie's. En,'
closed v.,-z u i ft d tihe article of the
M.niaor (o thte s..bj e't.
Thei re ru t-lts .all 'at hera' in r-ia
i.n 14 them' t.c an.) iiu--'itionl COlic
i.g into the. cecetmry to prolsecUte' I a
war. I hasve v ay goodnh atithto iy fair
are ibroucht tharoanh Acsapnicce in South
Aa.erict' itt convderabl.' qut.mtitics.
QUEnEcTARO, A~i P'27, 1848*
A mier. '. dles' riels are contitntally
ar i~a itmg be; doncg tiht last threea days
awenty 4 -ltils pesettd ulthmlveaas
to the' M--x ratn civernmtteti, anud wast im-i
tm diawly ieiorroratetd in the S'an Pet
The' gar-ison of Q-:'ett:ro is comapos
edl of 820 mnt' aot altt nms. Eighat huta
dred mle't have deseteal with arams anal
baggage front the army of reserve 2500
siton,- whaich the governme'nt had sent
against the insurtgents at Sierra Goada.
A waear of $10.000 has been made
fir and againisl pe'.ace; several ale puties
are coancernied in the bet, and it is saad
hat Mr. R'.biaa, the pa incipai better,
hs staeke'd $5000 again~t peace.
The- numbeaar iif de pii's is comiplet
ted. The art ivatl of that Am mriacan (tim
missiner% s iokea fo. i o1 di-r to opeen
the Coungre'ss. The consulsi ef the fo%
reign pwers ae aill tier-. Aruiely is
t its hiethest ith, -endl b ethe dberiattns
of Congre' air' lateed for us is that
'tomlingL ot the M. s'ah'.
I hasi ut.sjir' d fromu the meeting
had! bvi the ogier'st of the 'artillety tbat
they have made a demand on the Go
vernment to receive' their pity in the
same manner that the members of Cn
gress receive it, and that they have
mad. an assessment to lurnisl supplies
to Lardero, but the nature of these sup.
plies is not known.
Tnie follow-rg is the article alluded to
bu r.or corr--spnnden'
" There is an End to Peace !".-The
Governmnent -,f Pena t Pena has finish
ed int a tragic manner. Ever since yes
terday m.:rni-g this news was rumored,
thos.- cis culatin-, it, referring to an ex
press tha :ii rived night be fore last from
Quecetaro, and to respectable houses of
the- eity of Mexico.
Gacn. B.istanente, in a well formed
con-binatio: with his companions Cur.
sazar, Alionte and Parades, prepared
-a revolutiot with such secrecy and sec
cess that the blow was saccessfully
ruck. Pena y Penn, Rosa, Anaya,
Oscro, P'elra z t and many other depu
ties an-i S-.nartors wetit crimps-lled to fly
and seek a hidinig phica. *
Almonte, in centorimit y with his Wish
es, fils the Pr sidency. The other three
eenerals at the head tif 000 men, and
the heed tftht new army is Buct.mne no.
The new administration count upon
three niiltio':s of dollars which have
bet a furmrshned' by suna'ry rich M xtcan
and foreign te rch.irs, who have also
boniad thenstve's it) :'av eye rv month
one roil tion awd a half of dollars durimg
the war. The Government -ats-o counts
upon 80,000 me'ak' ts whlic! hnve for
some Bume been ciollecte"d with z:al and
Finally,a commission preceded by an
exs aordnrary courier has star ted to call
back Santa Anna. The nation recovers
irs life, cour.age, and conceives preat
Inc ditess or itr. L n' .
We, notwithstanding, counsel dile Su
preme Goveifnment to be on the alert.
'htes. rum..rs are gr.nerally prectyrs'rs
of great misfortunes. Vigilance must
be the watchwieord of the Government
and of ever% grcrd Mlxicarr."
[Toe repiart wa's et i.J ntty put in cir
ci aa.n to prodnce the c.itaseruphe
which it pretends had occurred. In thee
wiy revolutions are sometimes brought
about tm Meex'e.-ids. Pic.]
CITY.TF EIXtCO, Matt 2. 1848.
I have just received a letter fron
your currespond nt at Quaeretaro, and
not having time to give a trarneslatioin
bef-l e the mail closes. I can osnly fur
nish the. substance. IIe says Herrera
bens been nontinated President, and the
n;aj rity of the Deputies will vote for
him. Orero, who it has h. en reported
fir some time was opposed to peace,
your cort'spondent sas has changed
his olpineion, and wil vote f'o thi' treaty.
A:l this looks as if' the peaece party were
in the ascendency.-Il.-rrera is an old
peace man, and Otero is a man of tahn'
Between twenty and thirty des,'ri'ons
taak p.lace (oum .he army he're on Satur
day nigh'. You welt recollect that your
calfrespiande'nt at Qat'ere a0 some tit'
since stated that a liiane lhad been organ
tzz'd there to i'ffect a desen tionf of sever
at hundred ft fml the army in aend '-bont
thet cliy, anid chat the parties who we're
to e'ff'ect ii werie soon to le'ave'. It has
b-e'n dis'ae'red that the~ headquar:e'rs
oel the sa hiemears aire at Gaudia. Th'eay
iv' each nitn thaet deserns, as high as a
hundreda duilrr. M -resures have been.
tak-'n to ir p the gendlimein. Several
faithful men hai'e been alkowed to go
to themr as deseeitr, and thaec semen are
commnrficating inf'orrmalion of their
Fromt lhe Mame.
ARRIVAL OF TIlE EUDORA.
The U. S. pirope-'ler .Etndora, Capt
Page', arrived lat iuighe with two d'ays
ater atdvices fr 'im the ciry oaf M -xico
anid Ver.e Ci nz-fr onm ehe capital a-" the
4-h, andi from Veta Cruzto thc- 9theinst.
Thet news by her doe's noet chainge die as
pect of afl'airs in any m~aterial matter.
From the A ier ican Star of 3d inst,
THE INTERIOn. -Our papers from
the interior last evening do not bring us
a sinule item of interest. They are
principally occupied with details of the
F ench tevolution.
The Qureretaro pnpers make no re.
farrre nee to a quorum~l or to arty revolu
ion .rv mfov, tieni ini that ciit'.
We have the contetnts of a prtivate let
ter hbowever, w~hic~h states that aqomrum
haeo beien fojrmeda and tnothing prevented
the. meeting of Congress but smi teli
gious pageant or pro~cesstonl. Jatrata
was at San Luis in rho very best spirits,
..,d about lervine that city for Quere
tarn. Bustamente was employing him
self in opening the mail from Dolores to
the seat of Government. The prevail
ing opinion was that the new Congress
would despatch business, and come !n a
decision in regard to the treaty in a ve
ry few days after coming together.
FR sx QUERETARo.-A private ex
press came in yesterday at noon, and
we learn that he Gav-rnm.nt t Qti.
etetaro was considerably emharrassn,
herause the question had been rai-d
whether the Federal Government had
the right t..' d- any-t5t'te or notior. of
a State without the consont of such State.
The states of Mexico generalv go in tor~th
and nail for State rights, and it :'s been
some timo spprehend, d that sri ant b
jection would be urged by the opposi
Oua CoIISttSStoNP.RS.-W1? lenin
from Mexican authority tltt' the govern
ment of Queretaro has yielded several
poios of -ioinette which they had to,
and one of dtim the admission into their
caiital of an.: American escort of sixty
men with The Comm sioner. We
have been toi, however, that the Con
mirsi"ness do not Io tip until advised ac
to the time Ni the Government; in oth
er words, when they are ready to receive
them, they will tell them to come.
Zaca-res.-Rosa, Minister of Re.
lItio--, bas-bnt a note to the G 'vi rnor
of Zacateca sietite forth the urttenev
of an immediate 'aseembli'-g al1 Con
gress, that 'responsibility of the fur
ther continaiiace of the war rests with
th Deputie 4ho heglect to attend
hat one m it in his power to ore
vent the n ine, The' Deputies fom
Zacatecnse r have been, amon2 the
the recus but if they have a sp-rk
of pairiotis eft~thtey will repair to their
D>nItcidb P I vin behatro toe i-ut
tns, and that Ibe work of bloid has been
resumed with Oven greater ferocity than
b. fore. On tee 6th of March the In
dians enterer $.:rie with rvetv appear
ance of penceful intentions-but a 12
o'clieck of that: day they cunnomnced
hutrherinag.henhabitants, ino hundred
of whom they .slew. Their authoreities
spare neither sex -ior age ; they murd' r
the men, and subject the women to their
beastly passions. The dettils furnished
by the Patria are shocking to relate.
From the N. b. Piriyune of 1 Sth in t.
LAt E AND .IMPORTA\T FROMl
A TREA' Y OF PEACE.
By the arrival of the Yucatan scho'n
er ApearecitIa, Capt. Espinola, ne ite
in possession of late and interesting in.
telhhgenev from Yucatia, which will af
frid much pleasure to those who have
been latnentig the troubles that have
occurred on that coast. The A pateci
da left Campuachay on t e -d test. and
Si-al on the 11:h, and brings its date's
ro-n Merida of the 29th ilt. The re
ports c'ained i the papers and the
verbal infeirnation furnished our re-pur
tnt by Capt. Esjinola;~ are someiwhaet a'
vmtiance, and we are a little at a ltoss to
reconcile the.ni. "L (I Unon," ot Ma
rid ., of the 24th of A pril, pulish's a
treaty of peCii- con~chadedl on the 19 hi
of April, at Z'tracial, by commiris~ioness
appointed1 by Sr D. Mligu- I Baracha
to, Governor of Yucatan :end Coamemis
sioners appeointed by D. Jacin o Pa1,
comme ender-in-chief of the revolted in
dians, and ratifi, d by both parties ont the
23 1 of Atptil at Ti-cul.
Capt E~pinola-repot ts, however, th:1t
on the day skae left S5sl, r~ews w-as re
ceived to thle effect that Pat wi'h his
forces were within eight leagues ol Ma
rida, f-rm which lie jmudged that tran
gtoihty had notl been re-tored, but that
hcstilities had-again been renewed. It
was qtnite probable that Pat's forces
wete remaining in the vieinity of Mari,
dae until the terms. of thme tunamy we're
cmptliedI with and itn accordance with
the 9th article. Capt. E. also reports
that about twenty-eight vessels frott dif
ferenut nations were off the coaest, rem'eV
ing the inhatibitants of Yucatan to Can
peachy. We strongly itncline to thme he
ief that the treaty concluded the diffi
culties, as the inhurgentts seem to have
had every thing that they desited grant
ed to them by tiie commissioners.
WV.- have not room .for the whole trea
ty, but furnish our reauders with a sy
nopsis of it, by whiche it will be perceiv
ed that great concessions have been
made by the authorities.
La oion has a ltng editorial article
uoin the subject,.aad rejoices at he es
talishament of neace. comDptuenting
Gv. B irbachano upon his promptness
in ratite in it.
Art. 1. Abolishes the pmeconal tax
upon whit's as weillii I aidians, fitom
the :ryes from sixteen to s-vensi years.
At:. 2. Establisher; the. bapt.ea..I fee
at itree reals, and the m he1 r.,n f e at
ten reals for whites a+ well I a la:li:t
Art. S. Accords to thes Indiani tie
privilege of cleating the niiiuniiin lands
for agriculbutral p'urp.oses ; permtii th.-m
to est.bhish their racho, at Ili. idge' of
the viIlag, s on the uncutivated lan-ds,
rent free', which are ni ver hereafter to
4. 'The Iniians to receive tinough
ihuii Chief, Dan Jacinto Pat. all the
arms which were taken from th" G :iv.
ernmet, to the nun,bep of 2500, any
d. feinicy to bra supplied by the pur
chase of new ones-all lie at is now
in existencoe to be immediately r, stored
upon the ratificatietn of the ireatv. All
the at ins now in the possession of the
Indians to be retained by them, and all
the m. veables and effect. raptured by
them 1:) be reinlmsed and considered as
their preopersy. sibj..et to no future claim.
5. Consi.l-i ing that hi; Exmo. Gov.
.c. hi tchano is the nsly ose chai 12d
with the tatification, lultibsnentt and faithi
tul Iaiitainsalice of the teims of tbis
Ire;ity, it is acreed that he shall remain
its th' exerc ise or his suuremo power do
eing the term of his natural life. a; iet.
eblt. to hse wishes of the people of Yu
eat. n, and th:: this troops no.w unler
Di J.iint'. Pit i ill be re:dv iii take
tip a: ims ag-iun to m..liulin hii m in pow- r,
.f no r,--sa. v.
6. Fromu the moment of the tatitea
lion iti tie, treaty. Dun J *i(cito P-c
ri.-t' of th" in-arg.nts to iis G .verao'
atd Contmandani of all the C.ta:ains iof
tativ Indi.n 1.toois - f Yue n. ii.iland in
nu', bu;it Ie bts liba ea ei'er conet'arttei t
be iquaisdeted by persond .lService.
8. O)niy on the distillation of aiguar'
d'ent btloaish, d in Yucatan.
9. As somn ss'hit ratification of the
treaty is comtpleted, the belliaeren fir
re's shall mutually retire to their homes,
leavine merely such forces as ;cII- nece-s
siry to keep order and establish tran
quility in the severasl villages.
From the Snuthern ('ullivatoe.
A LECTURE TO OUJIt.LYES
AND)TO OUR COVRihUTORS.
'I' ov. E T a :-I hop.'. m' dear
sir, ih.c; you will not consider it imperii
mi.mIC in met to ufl-r vst a little ws!vice.
Wi have Ilaced von in the Agr ictiltu
ral chair of the Solh, aend -t i :ur du
iv to shed all the li'h upon y. or paib
we Ciii. We have every conefidence iti
yun aiiliiy, your zeal, and c ur inds
itn ; are noet it on sufficen to ensre
success. You wi'l have itc (it iag.ain.'
tie pr. judices, the j iot cnc', the lpe:
versenvs. aid old fast fi.x d heitl s
of a proph', who will still raiiy the
punpkmn in one' end of their hag. ao:;d tlei
rock in the wh lier, merely her:use then
ticuhia's dad so befocre slem Y ,U will have
to revoieedo-.ise the whlOle systemi of' a
enh: o're, (if it cana he called a systemn,) tia
efct anyv i ermanient geud. A nd ta doi
tis, I is n~cssasry foir you to know~
smsiethinig abomt us, acnd into whact qu~ne
te-r n is imiportanit io shrow yace c tapie
and canister. Ansd unere lot us c im.rk,
thati you asre not so jiudget of its by y obui
correspondenits,. fmt -here aire~ many who
write well, beianttu'ly, upon acrcicutia
al 5 efeormi, economyiii, manif egemen~it, etet
tera, wui clan die msr.. rThey are as
great ocn paper as iever sh..'ok a p~enf.
Thiey will disciaurse to liee', by the helm,
maosi' eloq. endiiy upomn system, scietifict
kaowedge', personial ob~ervaition, wshile
ile e ntire maan ttacment is etratstedt to
an ovierseer, weo may tbe ats igniorrnt as
a hioise of sciece, aind yet be a succ- ss
CL~ASS Nec 1.-It is St most uinfoertu
nate ta.., that th''ne joity ot omn aigri
churacl writ rs ate nscsriobusly tio' w-st
meciag ers ine ini e cuin'r.-men, via
aler paiymgie off iti' e'xpeii es ut athei
fai ming ' e .i-.ihaiesit iid cost of vau- i
iiu' huimtui, have rasre . at iihe ei of
the ye..r one dlar t.. kis.' agaiima
another. Anid it is still mne itnihr:si
nate that ttin s fci: is k nown a to the ir
neighor-, who read ila" papers, ac.d
hece conclude ngsiicultural . writers are
*al hiamtbogi, aniid locok w ih suspiciOn
upon every thing f. 'cm that gnasr er. We
have known planaters to w~rite abount ma
king 1000 v agon losads of mainure mer
anilim, having graiss hets systiiiacaly
arrnge'd, Gaca stock of every kind of su
perior firming imiplemnents, evusy thtiig,
mefai andl ,in than toin years, be
sold ~tt root and branch. These men
tte hke a diiertion po '., always pointing
tlt way to a plac",but nev--r going there.
They are greatest stun bline blocks in
th'e path of the beginnrr, or the rgular
plodder, for their living life i- a lie to
tIh- doct inties the.v preach. Well youi can
do Ii to, mI dear a ditotr, for these tern.
T are inrurabl., they t ill ride their
holni.'s to d uath, let it ie wha it rm.'y.
But, fti nercy's sake. !et them always
tippear in jour columns inc'Oenite, they
wi I thi i do cnomp ,r h tilye lt litni c a". tr
Now and ;hen throv a little cold water
on, h r w ay of asking 'tkm some scien
fi-ic que.ti n, or begcing them to con
de'n-e their v . es as much as possibl.'
pro bnno publico.
CLass No. 2.-Your cut down and
wear out planter, who argues that he
can cleair up and pay for a tract out of
it< prodncts, before anoher man can
reclaim an old one. Granted; but the
diffetenace is that he iuhlo reclaims has a
valaable tract to begin to niake fromi
while the other bra- noshiiig but a worn
out lantation and dilapidated buildings.
It is a fact, howevr-r, that these are the
planters who se -m to eraw rich the fast
est atid hei-ein they are apt to-isad astray
the beginner. After having rmade a fort
tur, the: say they can aford now to
improve ani reclaim their land, or'sell
our and niova to lie west. Tiesi' are
til' ni-n; sir, ist must aim at. And let
me assure you, tl:et there is but one
pl1cc you can touch them, thetir pockets.
All your ta!k to tilem about home's
condit ts, paitriotisni, home of my child.
hoodi anli ancestri, .irs is the ver iest fal
l.'l in itie world. Y -o muct probe to
themon that it is thei interest to he." one
ooi fit a - 2 iiitsletent to do, rn' e. und
Botter w. k thl.h two menn hlones. That
oe ma:y eejoy them in old :g, Unless,
my dear sir, ',oil can crmn this class.
y.'or lahmets will be to little purpose.
Crass No. 3.-Your plodder, wgo
lives gnierally at home, never takes ag
ricultural papers, because he don't. be
li,:ve in book la Ining-(Dr. Humbug,
his neighbor, is a book farmer)-indul
ee" in no extrtvagancies; makes little,
,pends less ; takes care of his land, his
sock; his farming tools, fences and
houqrs, and in time. by gocd manage
ment, good comntfli sense and 'he in.
cie -se of lis property, gr.-.ws well to do
in th norld. Unfor-unately, this man
hlve- of the big road, wm ks but few
tani-, ioaK-s but lirttl 1toi-., and of
con se , xrercis but title if flit-nre. -
B, ,ll means it ust your p -pt t in this
mat,'. Itainds; ie ca'. be irforted, "le
vated and nid uv' lul to society. In
fu,-- a li:le scientifir spihit into him,
an-h its h vs w.P t flect credit up in the
Cn/lintor s m, d .y.
CLAss No. 4 -Y"r b 'inni-r, your
in xpet ic ..ced ,ltnt; ; who luses his
crop i.v followti every bodk's advice,
or by not knowing u hose to follow.
Who reads the (Cullirator, but does
ucot know whenm to believe. Who ono
momenttt concelude's 'U lilow. Dr Chliud's
adm ce, and mtatntra be-as ily lo' crotton;
anid the next is ft ighit ned out of it by
Dr. Phti icms, who stys a's all humi-ug.
Wpo, by D.. iotyles, is perfectly cnn
vittced of the aidvatn'age of hill side
dlitchtite, antd by Mr.. Brutmby was most
wtoi warned against it as a heresy.
Wh stold by ott", ot the barbarous
turn plow, and by another of thP ruine
ous scraper. WVeo is now warned by
Dr. Phillips aegainst peas, and thme next
miomeunt assurod b', others that the pPa
is an invatluatble part of the crop. At
l..st, perhaps distiacted hy so many dif
ft'rent 'pieittns, he throws down ihe
CuItivalttr in disgtust, contdemns book
tlarm:ag ot and ot, aid goes over to
elues number thrtee r four toe advice.
Timis class, Mr. Etdiwor, you should 'ake
special care oif. They are to be the
fuenir' pro'prtettrs of te soil, the pro.
-.icr is of the good things of life'.
We ate s'ck arid tcred of Itoim met.
We have had a sum fei, of it in the South.
~Thiee is too match 'f it vet,..-oo miuch
of it in the Callinatort. There is too
miurb of the caene thes scribendi
aomtngst US. Flicts are ishat we wvant
plait, stubborn fact5. We dorn't want
palaicr, long a' ticles about 'lhe past,
the present, and the futut-, atetlogetical
pireambtlels al,,eut troulinmg you, or theo
ri a without tacts or COmmoniit se nse to
susltint ib'tm. Wie have hadh enough
of such stuff in timets past. YVurs trtly,
(7y'r you w sh a t~eing dune, uo; a'
n. t sattL