Newspaper Page Text
AUtrTIONf. NEWs BY THlE CALaDOuuI
.Yesterday niorniug we received the fi
lowing additional news by the telegraph:
BAL-rIMaor:. May 22.
In France tranquility prevails. An elec
tion riot in Romen had been quietted af
tcr manv had been killed.
The National Convention assembled on
the 4th M. Puynau, as censor, the chair.
The ne'mbers of the provisional Govetn
mot entered. and were received n ith ap
plause. ML. Dupont de pl'ure made an
address resigning the pun ers of the Gov
ernmient to the Conventton. A President
was to be elected on the 5tb. and there
was no doubt of the cholec falling ou Lam
The Chartist movements were continu
ing throughout Great Britain.
Mehenient Ali is teported to be dying.
In Ireland a reconciliation has taken
place between O'Brien and O'Connell.
They spoke and slhouk hands publicly.
A public address had been issued by lea.
ders of both parties. urging the union of
the people in the great question of Repeal.
Spain is reported to be quiet.
hlostilities continue in llolstein. The
Danes were retreating before the army of
Frightful disorder exists in Posen.
The Austrian Constitution was pro
claimed on the 231, amid rejoicing. -
The Austrians have pained slight advan
tages over the Italians and Sardinians.
and were about attacking Verona. Straso
Venice is bloclided-[prohably by an
Austrian squadron.1 The English Coo
sal had fled from Vrmeoo before a mob,
excited in roo-sequence of Enghand not
recognising the Republic.-Char. Mercury
'rom the N. Y. Courier ; Enquirer
ONE DAY LATE-:R FitO.,i EI'ROPE.
The A merica steamer llermanat. Capt.
Crabtree, arrived yesterday afteronou at
about 4 o'clock from Southhaupton, hav
ing sailed from that port on the 7th inst.
one day after the Caledonia from Liver
pool. We received by her. London pa
pers of the 6th, those of the 5th hein, the
latest brought by the British steamer. She
has made a retnrkable good passage. bet
ter in poiut of titme than the Caledonia.
We had no intelligence in our London
papers of the 6th, of any importance, not
embodied in the despatch forwarded by
our London Correspondent by Electric
Telegraph to Liverpool, and included in
the summary of news by the Caledonia.
Loud Stanley in the Hlouse of Lords on
the 5th, mado a very able speech on the
Diplomatic relations with Spain. and Lord
Brougham and the M arq-ais of Lansdow ne
also spoke upon the subject.
The most important event was the for
mal Proclamrnaion of the Republic, by the
Assembly of France, in the presence of
200.000 of the people. Of this formality
the Paris caorrespondenco of the Times
gives this account :
The subjoined conclusion of your report
from the Chamber of Representatives will
warm and somewhat desutory discussin
0n Thursdiay, on the necessity tr'the un
qualified adoption by the Assembly of the
- Republic with these words:
'Citizen Representatives,--The people
dle:ttand that the metmbers of the Provi
sinoal Governmteot have the goodness to
pre-sent t'pemselves to them on the portico
of te Palace (Chamber.) and that thte Na
ttonal Assemtbly have the goodness to ac
.This proposition was received with louid
exclamations, in which cheering vastly
predo-ninitedi. When silence was in some
degree restored, General Courtais added
*In consequence, [ propose that the Provi
sianal Guvernmnent and the citizen repre
sentatives proceed to the portico of the
rThis took place about half past 5 o'clk.
1 have not time for further description.
Th.: Republie was proclaimed anid accept
ed uneqnivocally by the N ational Assetm
bly, in the presence of 200,000 of the steO
ple of Paris. *Woe to those or to any class
who shall occasion doubts of the sincerity
of that acceptation.' I hear att every side
to day. 'to ret:-act is itnpossible.' The
slightest appearance of renetianm will raise
Paris ini [tames and deluge its streets w ith
From all that I have seen and heard,
this is the gencr al imp~ressioni produced by
the evenits of yesterday.
The following proclamnation was posted
tup o the walls of Pdris 5csterdJay morn
The mass of people proceeded to the
btridge which separates. the~ 1lace de Ia
Concorde from the Chamuber of Repre.scn
The scenie that presented itself deftes
desc-rip'ion1. The cotlor1 oh the Nt oinal
* ;arnka h it hnttro'erthn ithina thee rail
intg the ti-ne thata I oumrved. Somnethiu4
was wantig, hut it was soot, fort hcomiing.
* The ctlors of the army' were call-d fur
in voices of thtunder. *They were brought
forward, and then recomrmenced the pro
clamation of the Republic, the acceptane
of it, and thte fraternaization of the 20th of
April ; but it would seem that the embhu
siasnm yesterday surpassed that observuble
on the day just mientiot,ed, arnd it nas
stimulated by the thuuder of the cannon
of the invalides.
The National Assembly, the faithful in
terpreter of the serntimnenrs of the people,
by whom it has been elected, previons to
commenicing its labors,
" Declares. in the name of the French
People, and in the face of the etntire
world, that the Republic, proclaimed on
the 24th of February. 1848, is, and shall
remain, the fortm of the Governent of
" The Gnvernmentt desired by France
has adopted the miot o, 'Liberty, Equali
"Itn the tname of thte co'uttry, the Na
tional Assemblv entreats Frenchmen of
every political party to forget formter feuds.
and to form itt future b'ut onie family. Trite
dlay on which the reptresetatitves of the
people met is fur atll the citizens the feast
of concor-d and fraternity, * Vice la Repub
The Times adds:
"The letter of on- private correspon
dent just received, with that importat
proceetditng, but it refers to another, and
~on esse mnmenitous rjuestion-War. Af!
!ie accounts that had reached hint led to
the apprehension that war between France
2nd Austria was all but inevitable."
From the London Herald, Mah 6.
THE NEW CONSTITUTION OF
* * *ee * "
it is also most important to know that
there is not the slightest fear that freedom
of debate will be interfered with or inva
ded. The army and the National Guard
are with, the majority, and even the
working men are now beginning to see
the impracticable follies of Louis Blance,
and to range themselves on the side of or
der One of the first questions that will
arise is as to the nature and form of the
new Republic. It is known that a draft
orfa Coujstittutiun was prepared a fortnight
ago by M1. Do Cormeti", at the request
of the Provisional Government. In this
rough draft, a single President, as in Am
erica, was fixed upon But after the sketch
had been submitted to the Provisional Go
vernment, Al Lanartine induced his col
leagues to adopt a triumvirate, and in that
form, we believe, he proposition will le
submitted to the Assembly. A single
chamber only will be recommended, the
three Presidents to have a suspensive ve
to. The separation of Church and State
will, we understand, also ne recommended,
and one of the first acts of the Finance
Mliuister will be to state that he is not pre
pared to produce any ecclesiastical budget.
These it must be ad:bitted, are grave, so
rious and ditlicult questions, admitting of
wide difference of opinion, and on which
it is certain the widest dif'erence of opin
ion must prevail. Dif'erence of opinion
also preva:ls, and will, doubtless, be ex -
pressed, touching some of the acts of the
P'roviional Government. There are few
who can approve of the arbitrary conduct
of I. Rollin, or of those ordonances of the
MJ inister of Justice, touching the inanovi
ilite of the judges.
From Wilmer & Smith's Europran Times, May 6
F R AN CE.
The returns of the French elections are
now cotmpleted ; and notwithstanding the
utmost exertions on the part of the ultra
republicans and communists, who left nei
ther foul nor fair means untried to effect
their purpose, the lists exhibit. as we an
ticipated in our last publichtion, a trium
phant testimony to the popularity of the
principles propounded and acted upon by
Lamartine and the moderat.e party. In
deed, so clearly and prominenitly has this
expression of popular feeltg been maui
fested that some fears were entertained of
the minority resorting to utterior measures
in order to reuder past proceedings tugato
ry. The state of Europe generally has
been more settled during the week. though
fron the advices which continue to reach
us, we cannot calculate for any lengthen
ed continuance of the partial subsidence
in hostile feeling, which is-now .nanifested.
The examination of the election rettrns
was concluded at a late hour on tho. eight
of the 28th ult. at the Hotel do Ville.
lint'd the square in front of tfitbuiug.
I. the hall of Si.toha au itiisle ile plat
form was erected, with benches and tables
for the scruitators. About two 'htindred
persons were employed t thtese bureaux,
It appears thtat the 34 membeis for the
department of the Seine may be classed
as follows: Moderates, 25 ultra democratic,
&c. 4; doubt ful, 5. There are among them
12 ex deputies. 2 journalists, 5 ouvriers or
operatives, 1 *Catholic clergymten apnd 1
Atmong the members elected are three
Prelates of the Catholic Church, namely
the Archbishop of Paris for Aveyrom; the
Bishop of Quimper. for Finisterre; and the
Bishtop of Orleans for the Lizere.
The Bishop of Langres and several ec
lsiaistics have also been elected in the
The accounts received from the Provin
ces bring returns most of which are am
pressed with ithe sam,- character of mnode
ration which has been so remarkable in
the previous elections. Among the mem
bers of the late chamber of Deputies, whose
return to the National Assembly is an
noutnced, is that of Mr. Dopin. Hie is thte
otly eminent mnember of the Cunserva
ive party ye.t elected, if we except the
Coutnt Mlantalemnbert. whose returtn will
be disputed. The celebrated Abbe La
cordaire is atmong the members returned
for Matrseilles, w bere he heat M1. Theirs.
1t is very remarkable, that w'hile the Abbe
Lacordaire, one of the most eloaquent
preachters in the Catholic Chttrch, atnd the
A bbe Daguerre, one of the most popular
of the Paris clergy, were both rejected as
candidates for thte representation of Paris,
lhe cLelbrated Protestaint clergy mant, Co
queral, was elected. The circumtstances
is remarkable, as showintg how little the
elections were influenced by the tmere
question of religion. The Catholic cure,
'e Domnican friar, the Protest ant clergy,
man, and the Jew advocate, Cremnieux,
frequently figured on the same list; some
ties, ineed, in Company with the inafi
deal J'Alton Shiee, whose htoast it is that
"he is neather Catholic nor Christian.
Among the number of' members of the
ld Chamber of Deputies elected are soy
ral whose names are as well known in
Etgland as in France. suen as M de Toc
ueille; M. Berryer, RM. Leon Faucher,
I. Mauguin, M. Cillaul:, M. Duvergier
ie latnranne, Lucien Morat, (son of the
King of Naples,) the Margnis die Ia Roch
daquelin., Viscoont de Fallox, M. de Sey
cal, Odillon Barrott, &c.
STATE OF FRANCE.
Eztract of a letter fronm a Boston gentleman at
PAats. Thursday, A pril, 27th.
I have but a moment, before the post
eaves, to tell you thte admirable manner in
wbich the Electons have passed off' here,
hanks to the good arrangetment of the lists
inid to the mojderation and inielligence of
he Parisian people. All the votes tire not
et counted, so that the final result will
io he declared till to-mtorrow, hut itt many
f the Distticts the names of Ledru Rollitn
and LoUis Blanc stand so low that there
s somne reason to believe their election
nay be lost. It would be unfortunate that
hey shtould be thrown out. The ideas
vhich they re present, if not developed be
ore the National assembly, will find a
iannc clswhcre. away from thn shewd
analysis and clear refulaiton winch
they would be sure to encunaTe' ia that
body. The Paris list, with one or two ex
ceptione, excellent. Of all those inscribed I
more than two-thirds, by present returns*
have voted. This shows that the election
is regarded as a serious matter, for of t
the absent third, a large portion were
probably retained at home by illness and t
the pelting rains of an inclement April.
Among those receiving the greatest uum- r
her of votes is the eloquent Protestant I
teacher, M. Cottueral. whose glowing
words few-travellers in France have failed
to feast upon. From present appearan
ces we may conclude that the returns will
be generally in favor of the old Republi
cans-the party of the "Natioual"---with
Lamartiue, Marrest, and Garnier Pages as
I cannot urge upon you too often the
necessity of receiving with great distrust
the intelligence from France that comes to
you refracted through English newspapers r
The conversional capital of those estitma
ble old ivomnar, the concierges-composed
of all the idle stories repeated by the chaf
foniers and street corner patriots-would
seem to be served up in daily instalments,
for the edification of English readers. t
You ask me what impression Louis
Blanc's views have made in France. I
should be glad to reply to this question ful
ly, and regret that time will not now per
rmit. It is necessary to divide my hurried
answer. L Blanc has develope.l views of
the actual state of society in France. the
justice of which few pcrsoans.will deny: he
proposes a retnely for the evils which are
gnawiog into the social- body, and here
there are wide ditTereicies of opinion. I
am conviced that his r--medy would only
aggravate public distress, and such will be
belire long, to all appearances, the opinion
of those who have upheld his theories.
Still, he will have rendered immense ser
vice to France and to humanity, by for
cing upon the public mind the niecessnty of
opening school houses-of spreading in
struction-of restoring to the poor antl men
ritorious those free places in colleges
which have been used as electorial money
for buying the votes of the rich-of takinc
ol the taxes upon bread, meat and salt
of organizing labor, by removing itmpedi
ments to labor-by opening roads-by a
holishing du ies on manures and articles of
first uecessity in mauuflrctures by encour
aging the introduction of improved tools
be extending; savings banks-rind by other
measures o: a similar character , the ue
cessity of onactiu: which at ihe present
moment is the severest .cotmeintary on
the Government that has fallen.
s * * * * Cormenia is:.charged with
the draft of the : ew Constititiou, and it is
impossible to make him incline to more
than one Chamber. Hle thfos-out the
Executive Council, and adaps President
There are several provisiun jo ever, re
lative to the discussion ofj1 incommit
tees of the chamber, which.'i gtve per
haps as great guaranties for 6ni dclibera.
tion and second thought as tuuld be ob
tamied from a second Chndtxrir constituted
s it would tie osi en
The Er-King of t i AI -W e ec
tract t he \folloiwing. fromt (thit Journal dra
Villes et s Cam pagnes: R Jheulowinmg
piarticulars, c~omtnunicatieJ 1ushy a person
we have reason tio consid4 well inforired,
will be hound interesting: The .sumis of
which Louis Prmilippe dispges itn hts exile
are nut so cousiderable as te generally he
lieved, li is true that lro4 1830 to 1834i
he had almost daily effectd inivetm -urs
in Londoin ail in the UndS Srates; but1
since 18:34. being convince',thai lie had e:
tabbishied his dynasty on alduirable basis,
be withdrew a great portiam of those fuinds
and placedi them in Francs; Thle ex Kinag
leaves debts to the amouat of about 30,
000,000f. ''Te e xpressiotlof M. Dupin,i
which was at considered at joke. -I verily
believe that the civil list is proor, for it is
continally puirchtasing,' turns out toi be a
reality. Lotiis Philippe perchased every
dlay some property, on whidh a great donl
still remnains dlue, otherwise it wantld be
imnptssible to account fo.r .the enoinious
a-nount of debts. hlis fo~iune, the debts
being deducted, may he esiiated ast250,
000.000f. The forests or the privale doin
main are a most valuable property, and
all the other estates of thie family were
greatly improved since 1830. Neverthelessi
hits personral affairs are in' the utmost dis
order. Never was there a Rotyal haonso
hold adlmitistered as his. iiis domestict
arragemtents were no bettefrnianngedl that i
those of the coutitry. 11 monedled with
every thing, antd delighted' in cornfusioin
and disordher. Hie fantcied. that he thust
displayed skill and aibility.~ HIe likecd tw I
see her srervanits quoarremlliug,. ;nd often re
peuted, 'n hen asses fighi the flour re-I
mains in t-he moill.' it was owing to his
low cunintg that, on the 24th of Febrary.I
the defence oif Iris governet, deprived of~
ensernble arid of ai directiosn, was comnplete
y paralized. Louis Philippe owedn every .
where, lIe paid as littde as he couild. iiis
tradesmnen wcre coinsnarntly applyinig to I
him for paymneor, lIe owed his fruiterers
50.000 francs, arid his baker at Nieuilly
25.000 francs. No mni possessed in a
higher degree the maania of heaping~ provi-i
sione, purchasing without meast-e, and
generally without choice. The cellhrs of:i
Neuilly contained 75,000 bottles of 150r
different kindis of wities, -and upwards of
1200) full bogsheads. Will it he believed-i
there wvas at Neuilly a supply of 24,0(0
wax candles, whinch served to kitndhe andr
feed the conflagration of that residence?
TIhe bironze stores of villers were illed with
a sufficient quantity of works of at.t small
statues, clocks, various ornameuts in giltf
bronze anid other, to furnish three palaces.
He huddled together all these arti
les without any order, and hre brooghti
hem without taste, although he piqued I
himrselfn being a connoisseur. -The kitch- I
en utenhils found at the Tuilleries. Eu. I
Draux, anid La Forte Vidatme ttight serve c
to preparo dinner forran entire armry.|,
WVe fully conicur in the opinion of a per-:i
5ionage~, an itimirate acquiaihtance of Lou- e
is Philppe, who saidl of himr, "That manib
is greedy and rapacious, but he is too
gr.at a squanderer to be called avari- d
Arkansa.--The Governor -has appoini- b
ted the Hon. Win. R. Sebasmion, U. S. 13
Sentor~to fill the vacancy occasionied by I
he drtrnh of Hon. Chnatnr Ahtlyr- n
From uhe A. Orleans Dla, May 19.
CITY OF MEXIco, May I.
I received the following letter from Sao
SAY Luis, April 26
Gen. Parades has been ordered to leave
his city by the Government, and in taking
tis departure, he went in the direction of
he city of Aguascalientes. Also, Gen.
'lores. an agent of Santa Anna, has been
rdered to leav"- this State. on aCcount of
is going to Rio Verde, and endeavoring
a seduce the troops of Gen. Rotmero.
Padre J.trtnta arrived here about the 19th
rotm Ciudad del Meir. Hie presented hin
elf to the Conn:tdant General. and af
erward was presented by Lawyer Part
la and his brother, as a guest at the Feast
f Torres. Through the influence of some
f the Puros, a benefit was given at the
hontre, for the purpose of giving him a
ereption and public dinner.
The three generals. 'arbon, Ortega and
lejia, have been eodeavorinig to produce
u excitement with the public, but with
'ut effect. If these three ofticers were
ervet as Parades has been, tranqiili'y
voull lie completely restored."
The above is till that is ininrrt or in
cresting in the letter. MUS'IANG.
QUEnETARO, May 2 ]S48.
At present there is a sufficient unober
f Deputies to open the session ; but that
lisorganizing party, the traitorous and
u factiton, seeing that it cannot prevent
he assembling of Congress, has planned
it its clubs that when the question of the
reaty comes to be acted upon. those at
ached to their interests shall quit the
lamber; so that a quortin shall not rc
VeR. Ctuz May Oth, ISIS.
Eds. Dela -Toe news received by
!esterday's mitail gives reason ro suppose
hat the treaty will be ratilied by the Mex
can Congress; and all that can now hin
ler it is .a revolution at Qiereiro.
p'his is feared by many, ai.d thu Govern
nent itself loaks upon Ahnonte and seve
al others with suspicion.
Herrera will, beyond doubt, be elected
resident of the Repat blic, and aithough
te appears to care very little about the
liginitv, he will certainly acept it.
Yesterday several of the volunteers
who had descried sotic iute ago with Li
lot Snith. were 1eied in the .matt
liiz-t. They will all leave to-day for
yew Orleans, where they will no doubt
iften occupy a space in your police reports.
'uti police are already well acqu tinted
vii Ii John Smith, alas Sugar Jloh, &c.
,fe had been sentenced by the Court .\lar
ial to be branded with a ) on hoth cheeks
tad to receive fifty lashes, and then to be
ishonorably discharged ; but ii seems that
)e was pardoned of the braading and the
The caravana, with 1.500,000, at rived
his toruig from Mexico.
I understand that the Alcade, having ta.
en.upou himself to give a license fur a fan
lango; (when the arn.istice gives the right
ar Qtp ed it . 1icsauthoriies i
ect the tax.) n as ien a'ihe guard house
fthe Lieut. Governor, Yours,
Fromt the American Star.
W RX1CAN CONGRlESS--M iESSAGE
On Tues-hay last, Senor Rosa, M inister
if Foreini itelations, laid the treaty oi
meace', as ratified bty the American author
ties, btefore the .Alexicain Gotagiess. T1he
ntanife'sto acomptaniyiitt it wvas lung, and
:he discussioni was cutiinued to a greal
ength. There were eighty Deputies pir.
tit in the Hi ose-a conisiderably lairger
umiietr thani is necessary fe r a quorum,
it the Senaute, iwelve standitig commit
ecs were atppnoted. 'Te most im'pttr
ant at this iilme, azre those tin constitutition,
il qtiestieons, rel-,iians and wvar. Otertis,
:hairmain or the first, Lido, ofI the second,
tand Hierrera, of the third. Sentor Ricsai
:bairtman of the cottmoiit oci the Gtoverii
nentr, or Adtministrtition and the Public
.redit. l'.pjarz t is at the head of the
:tointee on Treasuiry.
Several ptrojects were initroduced in
;rand comm rittee, amtotig whbich, wals one
ining thle recusatnt Senators atid D~eputies
o the amount of tn o hutr.dlr'd sldolla
mtitther, that those w ho tneglectedl to re
>nrt thetmselves shotuld be without emuploa
Stetnt and deprived of the rights of citizen
;hip for a periodl double thi for whuichi
hey have refused to discharge their h-gis
ative dttties. Thnse whto arc atbsent, with
tot peimtission, for two m'tt ihs, shiall be
tihject to the samte punishment Fur
her-in case of the wa; hdrawial of mreit
ers, the vntes of the tmajority shalhl be hi
al, and in ca.--e of at tie, ie qluestiotn shall
e considered us decided in the niegative.
A!)er a few tither tinimptjorlant matters,
lie commtittee rtose, anid the two bratnches
We have, ini a previous ntimber of the
senr, stated that Presidlent Peno y Pena,
icomtpattied by his Mitisers. delivered
is mersage int prCetence of the ISentators
nid Deputies, which was resoidred to) tin
helpart of the Presitdent of the Chamrbers
it De.puties-ait maberatt of wvhich responuse
sus already ap ~peared in ourt coluttits. The
nessage of Petta y Pent, is rathier lougur
har we extpected to flnd it, but we shall
ntke nto a polog~y fruom the itereat " hieh
uaches to the subject, fur trauslating it at
ts length, as follows.
INI)IAN WA R. IN OREGON.
Four Dattlies- The I1tites Viclorous
Mhassaere of Mllissionaries!
In the Pittsbuirg Gazette, we finil the
allowing important telegraphic tdespatch,
ated Louisvill, May 21. 1848.
By the arrival of Major Meek from the
Vest. we htave hatue unrd irmportant news
mmri Oregon, where all is confusiotn atid
loodshted between the wvhites and indians.
'eur powerful tribtes have tunited, and
ommenced a deathly war. Four battles
'ok plac~e in Jantuary. in three uof which
e whites were successful itn heating their
nemy. Five hutn-1Ietd whiiues fought a
rdy of twvo thousandt lidians a whole day
-henu the Itudiatta retreated, after woun
ing a great inttber of whtiteq.
On the 29th of November. a most lhon
ied antd brutal massacre "as committed
y the Cayuse Indians, at the Preshyteriani
lission, at tbo Wallaih-Wallaa Valley.
}r. White, his man an~d wife, wvith eighteen
there were dilled and sixty nr sevcnty tn.
ken prisoners. The houses of the -is
sionaries and the ucighbors were burned
to the ground. The uufortunate prisoners
were subsequently ransonned, through the
agency of Peter Sken Ogden, chief fecror
of the Hludsen Bay Company.
Major Meek pushed up the river yester
day, on his way to Vashington with des
patches for the goavernment. askingfor in
maediate aid on the part of the Orego set
CIHOLERA.-Th en areb of this terrific
scourge through the old world, and the
question of its fulure progress, seem to
have been temporarily forgotten, in the fu
rvyand tumoil ofrevotutio:s.shaking down
old govornmenti, and buildinig upon their
ruins the foundacious of future Re1 uhlics.
We perceive. however, that the inporiani
subjeet of Ihis at lul disease has nolt aleo
gether escaped the attentinu of scientific
men. 'i'he following paragraph. which
casts a new and interrera irg light upon it,
will arrest the attention ,four readers:
.-'l'he Sanitary Coma ssioners appoin
ted 'y the P.-rliameu of Engelund have
made a remarkable report. It appears that
Cholera and Intflenza are initi te disea
se5, delighting in the same localities; and
that the latter is far iore dangerous than
the former. Last November, the inflien
z- attacked in Loudon 500.000 prrima,
Itaking for the space ofeleven weeks 6 145
deaths per week above the usual number,
an excess greater than the entire mortality
produced by the Cholera in the twenty-one
week, during which it raged iu 183'. On
examination, it seems Cholera is diar.
rhaea developed to a monstrous form by a
peculiar state of the atmosphare, aci:urnu
lated moist exhalations, with suddeu chan
ges of temperature. lalluenza is the ordi
nary 'cold developed to an epidemic.'
Cholera, in its first stages, readily yiel1s to
aromatics, opiates and astringents. Now,
having found out the cause. we have but
to reaove it, to prevent the eflect; and
knoewing the cause, we can more i-telli
gently proceed to todify the effect. It
becomes. then, the duty of municipal bo
dies to renuve all stagnant pools, ditches
bad drains, and if possiule, forest lands
aml marshes contigu.aus--in fact, to take
away, as far as possible, every cause that
may enge: der miasmata."
''heimpouatnt farts thus developed, that
Cholera, in its early stages, 5 i-lds to pro
per treattent, and ttat it may be preven
led by the prompt and rystematic atten
tietn of Cite municipal bodies to cleanliess
and the removal of such cause of disease
as stagmat water and other kinds of filth.
with n bieh large citv-s are gener ally
Corrrpondence of tic B :uianore Sun.
11oA--ttGroN. May 21. 1S48.
It is understod that neither [louse will
transact *.tty bu,iness on Monday; and it
is not pronable that a quorum sill be pre
sent. They will simply meet, and thea
aljourn to Thursday. So that whetn the
time far tthe meeting of the Phailadelphbia
Co rtvention shall arrive, it is understood
that buth 'douses will again take a recess
wkign -AC ltndare alnn 'I.
A report has been going te rounds,
origiAnatig. I believe, in a New York pa.
peer, that Mer. Camnerotn has transtferredl his
suptport fro.. SeIr. Buchfantan to Gen. Crass.
I amt cu Ihtorised tat conatradict this state
mient, anad to declare at nto change, per.
sunalI or political, has taene place itn thte
friendilyl relat itos which haave hitherto ex
isted bet weent those disatnguisheda gentle
I htave it also fanom a reliabile source,
that thecre will lie no dlispostition mtaniifest.
ed on tht p-ert of the Ne.v Yoark "Barn
burters" celegationt irn the Baimonre Con
venuiaon, unnecessarily to agitate itn that
body' the qunestiota of slavery; anal furtlher,
hat thte ntomtinationts of a hat body, in the
mrceed' intgs oaf wtthih it is now~ '.enaeral ly
undlerstoaod they will participae, if organ
ize'd aiccordin" ie tne tutges of te edemo
eratic party, atnd a itha a strict regnard to the
rights of the democracy of'all States, will
be praompi ly ceunctarreed itt by those dele
gates. andi a ecrdlial supporit be given to
thettt n itnee's eef t;e cotnveriion, ws hoever
they mtaay be, or fromu whatever State of
theIt Ui-m. The repaort ha~s beren indiustri
aeusly circuhated. tat thtis dlelegation in
tend' to throw a lire'-brandl maio the conivent
ian, int afe shanpe oef thet "Wihann Pruvisn,''
atd tiert the poartiona of the Newv Yoark de
moracy whtich they repiresentt, will itn not
eveent sitppoert a Seamh tert needidmate for
thec Presidenitcy. All thais. I hatve te best
rettatos for believintg, is idle gossip), unau
thmedt Zan d untfeondedi.
I baelive a I the dlilicusl'ies btetwveen te
t wo divisonts of the New York democracy,
it regardl to thie admissiona etf delegates.
will be satisfatctoerdy adjested. antd that
thte Presiential ttomtintee eof e toBaltimore
Coniiventiton will be eithter Gent. Crass or
3Mr. Dallas. theough 31r. 1Buachaana's ttros
pets tre certaitly teanprvng at Itee Noarth
atd Gaov. Weodaery's at thte South. It is
quite ais diflicuht to de~cde. hotwever, wheo,
neder the opera tion eel te two~thirdfs riule,
wall be~ lie canadiedate, as it wats itnrder thte
operat iota ef te si ame rue ittn 844.
Ia is said,. thtis motrnting, that Jutdge
Woodenabury htas written a letter repudiatintg
thee senti im,.nlts ate ribu teal to himta, att the
subject of blauvery, ini th" letter uedUie biy
Mr. Yanacey itn thte Alrabtama State Cot,.
ventation, anda reitera tintg the deact rines
which he hIs hitherto been suposed to
Thae groaund-i, among others, of which
tho fi-iends of Mir Buchancan rest his
clitms to the consideraton of the somb Ierat
delegation in the I)emrocrattic Nnational
Cetntentioan, are that hais electiont to the
Presidency wvold settle thte question of
slavery ini new territories, aand put an end
to this'agitatinag atnd exciting topic iai the
two hiatnses of Congress. By extendintg
tte hane of 36 50,-the Missouri comptlro
miso line-to the Pacific, ini accoardantce
with It r. B uehantan's knownsa rand ofiena
expressed views, we shtouldl, thtey say, be
puotinig ito ptolitical aparat ion the doc
ties wheiech, witht other candidlates, are
merely theoretten!, andi a great ob'ject hte
thus attaianed, desirable buith to the atorth
anal thea Seouth.
IP. S.-G.,v. WVoodbury asetumes the pa
siotn that eta Justice oaf te Supremee
Court las the right ta) give e.c parte opin
ions on contstitutional questionis tnt legally
brought beforo them for adjudicatiuon or
EDGEFIELD C. 11.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1843.
ADVERTISING.-Orr Advertising patrons
are requested to send in their favors by twelve
o'c!ock on Tuesday.
News from Mecico -It will be seen from ex
tracts which we publish, that a jptorumn of the
Mexican Congress has at last assembled. Pre
sident Pena y Pena has delivered a message of
considerable ability, and urges upon Mexico
the acceptance of the treaty proposed by our
News from France.-We publish some ex
tracts by which it will be seen that the Nation
al Assembly of France has proclaimed a Re
public. What particular form it tay utimate
ly assume we cannot now conjecture. The
moderate or L-simartine party, seem now. to be
in the ascendant.
Rain.-During the past week several show
ers of rain fell in the neighborhood. On Sun
day morning rain commenced falling, and con
tinued throughout the day and night. The
crops ou the uplands will be much benefitted.
(? We have received the Prospectus of the
Southern Literary Gazntc,a Weekly Journal,
commenced in Athens, Ga., on the 10th of Mlay,
edite-l by Win. C. Richards. This gentleman
has been long and favorably known for his lite
rary talents, and fir his recent con:.ection with
the Orion Magazine. The Gazette will be
made up of natt:r original and selected, and
will contain tales, essays, sketches of travel,
potry criticism, and a general selection of in
furt itios. Partical.tr attention will be given
to scientific and practical Nee 'sanics. Terms
two dollars per annum. The editor promises,
that the typographical execution shall .always
be of the highest character. We think that
this paper will be worthy of public patronage'
Southern Literary Messenger.-We have be
fare us N. 5. volumne xiv.. of the " Southern
Literary Messenger," published at Richmond,
Va., and eJited by John R.*1'hompsons, who is
also the proprietor. This sterling literary jour
nal has long been favorably known, especially
to the Southern public. Fur a numbus of years
a series of articles of great ability. on a multi
plicity of subjects, has been published in it.
Several of our best writers have graced its co
l'umns'wilihiheir essays It was forsome time
under the e iitoril control df M i and
lishp unnoio hy :: :t rag av ra, M ages
each, at Five dollars pcr annnim nt'advanco.
The. May ~nmber contamns the following
-origziinal prose articles:..
1st. .History and Constitsution of- the early
2d. A few plaitn suggestions on thse library of
3.1. The Ro re.
4th: A tale of lIeligoland from the German.
5th. Address delivered at Richsnond, Vs., in:
commsemuoration of the life andl services of Johns
Quuincey Ahame, by A. Jsndson Crane.
6th. Letter froms a Paris correspsondent.
7th. The twvo cosuntry houses, by P P.Cooke.
8th. Lifdand services of Major General Hu ll,
9th. the doom of Paganism, and the fall of'
10th. The Bill of Righs.
Besides theseathe 31agazir e contains namer-,
otis orgia poems andl notices of new works.
It will lie seen. that the bill of (sare is attrac..
live enonghi, and the most fastidious palate nmust
be pleased. Somue of the articles of which we
have givesn the caption, are quite inteiestinlg,
and show a spin it of reseatrch. Several of thme
numbers for the present year also possess in
terest for the general reader. Upon the whole,
thme Messenger is eqnael to other periodicals of
its class which are published at the North, and
certasinly deserves all cast, a fair share of' pa.
Thec Crops andi Farming.-The Abbeville
Banner, of thme 27th inist. says-" Thse prospects
of the corn andi cotton crops are quite promis
ing at this time thsroughonst thme district. It
seems to be the genserasl opinsion of farmers,
that the wheat crop will be shomt, the fly has
donse much inijury to it in many pa~rts oif the
couniitry. We are glad to find that the preju
dices againust hook farminig. is giving way.
assl our lfarmsers are nowv generaslly turning
the~r atitnnon to the u~efual susggestions contain
ed ini Agricsltural publications. Mlany of' our
stauinci. farmers who have hitherto been cont
tented to follow on in the "' old paths" are con
vinaced of the imnportance of at chsange. anid ate
hsorizontalizing, dlitchsing, anid reclaiming their
hands, which pays them well foir their labor thus
expended ini the increased yield."
Goy. Johnson.- His Excellencv, tls
Governior, arrived in: iown hisst nighst, and
has taken tsp his quarters at the U. States
H otel.-Columbia TPelerazph.
Corporal SkreelNr.-Tho remains of this
gallnt son of Newberry, having beetn
bsrouight to Charleston from Vera Cruz, via
N. Orleans. reached this city last evening,
on the casrs from Chsarlestou. They were
received at the Depot by a comnmittee of
natives of Newherry Diatrict, resident here,
and escorstedh to the quarters provided for
their reception, there to await the arriyal
of a comissitie, who are to bear them back
so Isis mtuc'h loved unasivej soil, in wvhose ho
soms it was the unltent wish of his heart to
have ths.:m repose.-Telegrapha.
Thae Treaty.- A letter has been received
at Washington from a high source in Mex.
ic.o, wyhich conflidently expresses the optn
inn that the trety will be ratified., The