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LATEST FROM MEXICO.
RATIFICATION 0' TIf H L TREATY
From the Mobile Hcrald 4- 'ribune, Extra,
Te U. Line steamer letzel arrived at
N. Orleans late on Satmday night from
Vera Cruz, bringitg the ramification of the
adoption of the Treaty it the Senate, by an
almotst IuInallnimus vote. This Votle was1
taken at 3 o'clock p. lit on the 25I1 May.
Great uneasiness was felt in the city of
Mexico with regard to the nenactg atti
rude lately niutmed by the Itdans, whose
cries of "Death to the Whites-lung live
the Indian !" w here heard at a recent bull
fight in the Piaza.
A train of wagon, escorted by Lieut.
Stead's compatty, left Vera Cruz on the
28th ult., fer Jalapa. They were wagons
sent ip to transport to Vera :rttz the siek
and disabled soldiers who are now at Jalapa
From the Correspondence of the N. 0. Delta.
. CrrTY ."F i\co, Mlay 25.
Editars Deta,-'l'ne Ollicers and others
who had been sentenced to be- hanged on
to-day have been respitesi by Ghen. 3ntler,
by a special order of the folla ing sub
"The sentence of death, w-hich has been
passed upon persons by Courts of the
American Army, whether Americans or
Mexicans, is hereby suspended until further
I am not aware what has influenced the
commanding atlvicer in suspendin~g the een
tence of death upon ih offlicers atd others
for the murder and burglary at No 5Calla
do la Palma, but really it dies sect to
many a strange p1roceeding. and has stir- c
prised the conintunity generally. They
were undoubtedly guilty of one of the gross
est outrages ever perpetrated upon society.
and have, to some extent, stigmatized the I
corps and the ar ty to which they belong
ed, n hich could ottly have been wiped out
by blood, in a tantner sanctioned by the
laws of the country under which they hold
comn missions. Their it ial was fair anl itn
partial, and 1 have no hesitati-at in sayingt
that the Commission who tried ciad sen
tenced them, was the most able ever seen
convened in the army; there ne men
unon it of the highest legal at:ainaetC,
aud the body were all ten of sound dis
cri:minating judgment. The prisoners had
able counsel. who lnbored hard in their de
fence, and the conclusion of the trial left
io doubt as to their guilt.
The good citizens of Queretaro are go
ing to give our Commissioners a grand
Gen. Arista is to be the Governor here
when the Mexican Governtent takes up
its quarters here. ~ I expect to see all the
Mexican authorities here this week-com
The Comnmissio;;ere, Messrs. Sevier and
Clifford, arrived at Queretaro at 4 o'clock
CITY OF MEstco. May 2G.
I have this moment received the final
ratification of the T'reaty of Peace by the
Mexican Congress. anti hasten to forward
it id you. it was put to vote in the Sen
ate on the 25th, at 3 o'clock. The vote
stoodi33 for. and4 againts it. It was re
potted'by the Chaisaa4 QoLmm.ine. J
on ifureign Relatihns on the 22d, and the
delar-come4uaed by several members u p
to its being p-Ji ont its passage. You will
see that it did nt meet with so much op.
position, in. the Senate as it did i'i the
Chambher of Deputies.
~I enclose to you the letters of my Qucre
Gen. Smith left for Vera Crtuz on the
24th, to make preparamtionas for emibsarkimng
All the outposts have bteen ordered in to
this eity-they will-be t eadly to mnarch in
three da-ys after they arrive, which will be
in a day or two,
Gen 'Paticeota's tivision baoing the fir.,
to tmove, will march in: two or three days.
In ten days or les the Amriciean army
will be on their marc'h hor the coast.
We nii l be ham:pered somne w ith ouir
sick. 'at this cannot bra helped, as it wvould
not do to leave itose beliintJ nho tire ua
ble to travecl.
Messrs. Sevier and Cliffordi left here fort
Qiere-tara n~ ith un A me-rcan escotrt ton thea
22d, at G o'clock. . The e'xchtage of ralti
catnon ni take plae in Qitercia~ro. The
Commcrissiaoners have fulil powers to e-x
change there or here..
It ts expecied the rratificatton will heecx
chatnged to) day, the 26:4t inmst.
'Th" witthdrawsal (of the ti'oops wvill be in
the followting otder'r
lst-Genata.a aers n's dlivision:t 2- Gen.
'\larshialp Ditv-ion; St. -Diviio-ntew
te-n re;-iments;I dlh.-2d Divtiion of ad
regulars under Gseni. Keartiey; 5th.-First
Division of tatd r.tnlars--t'. Woat Ih.
WVe hatve 21000 sick to take away with
"sti will eu' short our trantsportat iota
The tleavy batteries (siege) of Lietna,
llagner anti Calpt. Rtowiand, miarched oan
t" 23th inast.
The trootps from Pachnta anid Citeravaca
are already on their miarch dlirect for Perome
Frn te Y. 0 Picay1ane. Ath inst.
LATER FROMi MlEXICO
The U. S. steasttihip Virgintia, Capt. J.
Spininey, Jr., arrived at tbis yesterdlay
moaruinag fromn Vera Cru~z, whence she sail'
ed tan the 27th. lBy this vessel we have
re-ceived ample files andi a large- corres
pond--nee. the mnst imp hortatnt conttents itf
n hieh have been antiicipiated lay thae newvs
brottght lay the Edhi'h
Vt-ra Catcz. May 27.
Lieut. Nihligan,. of t lhe Loauisiani'a Voltan
leers. bra'nght cin t his mournintg sevena guer
rilleros-. canzght in or nenr santa Fe,' armted
as well as men ctuldi he armeal, among
wthich were a c'olona'i of guaer'riilleros and a
captain. raking as a brevet lier. coloanec.
T'heir case t' as haiti bef..re Cnyat. Wander.
wvho iet the cotl't'-i go on givmtg eqal~l tat
S40J00 bondts to appar whern repaired, anti
the othters wa-re sttowed an av in limbo, andh
I behteve in iroans. -They prtetendi tat bt
hottest men. hut Capt. WV. thinks that suc~h
honts: uentlemen shuoubhl not come withIin
the A merican lines. anal tey' will answ'er
te charaestaflhighwvay robbery antd several
other interestinlg accusatious before thtey ~
see the outside of the .jna tagain.
Th le Debates, a patper paublished at Qazoe i
retarta, ntices a new attcmpt at revolmn
ion in Agnas Calientes itn conjetion with '
R-mu Luis nnd Guadalajara. The nlan of'l
he insurrectjonists embraces the -folowiog
First. . The- destrncton- of, the -present
Second. The removal of the federation,
md the re establishment of the original
>ahis of 1843, or a dictatorship.
Third. To place Senor D. Cayetano
Portugal, for the present, at the bead of
The Monitor learns that about 3,000
Mexican troops of the line are about to be
wtsted at the village of Guadalupe. to be
n readiness to enter and guard the capi:al
mmediately upon its evacuation by the
We have information from an authentic
;urce uhat Brig. Gen. Brooke, the com
nander -f the Western Division of the
Army. yeierday received a requisition
rrotn Major General Butler for vessels to
convey twenty-seven thosand troops.
hlicers and men, from some port or ports
iu Mexico to the United States. This
Step is surely indicative of peace.
From Tamnpico.-A gentleman arrived
n this city yesterday in a schooner from
Tau:pico, having left that place on Satur,
lay. tie -27h tilt. lie intirns us that a
;h.rt time previous to the sailing of the
chitoner a report reached Tampic' that
an Louis Potosi had been attacked and
:aiptured by ive thousand Indians. The
nhabitants had fled for safety. Another
-smnor was current that the anti-peace par.
y hail taken possession of the place. A
nail from San Louis was due at Tanipi,
:o on th. 2Sth tilt. The next arrival from
he last named place will either confirm
ir dissipate the rumor.-Pic. 41h inst.
Louis Philippe says that it is his present
utenititn to settle in Spain, on account of
is wife's health, which is very feeble, and
he climate of Englautd does not agree with
ter. He says that he fears the prejudice
hat some may have ott account of his
nimtily rtla'ion there. but he says he is so
lipgusted ivith human nature, that he
voull follow the example of Charles IX
tud go to a unuery at once, if it was not
or his lanily.-N. Y. Globe.
From the N. Y. Courier % Enquirer.
The Late David S. Joncs.-At a meet
og of the Bar of the city of New York.
miled for the purpose of testifying t. eir
espect for the memory of their deceased
iend and brother, David S. Jntes
vhose funeral is to be attended to tday
)avid B. Okden, Esq.. was called to the
hair: George Griffin, Gen. Wood, Bever
y Robinson and David Cod wise, Eqrs.,
vtre appointed Vice Presidents, and Frs.
3. Cuting. J. Prescott Hall, and James
Lorimer Graham, Esqrs., Secretaries.
Alr. Duer, from the committee appoint
!d at a previous meeting of the Bar for
hat purpose. reportcd the resolutions that
allow, which he introduced with some
ppropriate remarks in relation to the
nofes-ional character of the doceased.
Ii: spoke, in substance, as follows:
. We have lost, Mr. Chairman, one of
he oldest and most valued of our personal
riends, and the Bar one ofits most es
eemed .and..honorablo*-me AVtD
5.low s.,_ We are now
ifv our respect to him r ad for
ha: purpose, r have b~eein instructed to of
'er a series of resolutions, th-i I doubt no'
nill be found to express the sentimeots oif
di whoi are present. Before the resolu
ions are read, siowever. there are a very
'ew words that I wi.,h to say. I do nut
nean to e'ifer a formal culogy on oitr de
.eased friend, that thtere is a tribute of
raise to wvhich lie is most justly entitledi.
iuid which. ais otne of the oldest of htis
riendb. I feel it my**duty to renider. I
hall not dwell upon his professional mer
s and attaiginmet, bitt I am sure that all
o wriom he wvas as well known as to you
ind t msetl, wittltbear mie 'ot in sayina~
hat as an Equiuy Lawyer, and a reaml-pro
>erty Laun yer, lie had few superiors ini
tr profession. There was non to whom
le iilt I'antd i sponibtlle task of draw
ng a compjlsn will, or an intricate mar
inge or famtily settlement, couldl 'o more
afely cn'rustedl. Thcre was tmmni mn nmtir
autiotu andh vigilant in watchting over the
nierests inl his clients-uone who hal a
leper sense of the responsibility whticht
tie relatlion of Ilawyer ad client creates
tone w ho was more cjitscienttious, .ni re
trotis, or more faithful itt ischa'ging
he duieis w hich the relation impo'ss.
hit it was chiefly of his personal qualities
hat I meanti to speak. and,~l if I inistaike
mii. shere is a siingle word, tht, pro'perly
mld ful ly tuderstioil, will he fouinti to ex
r:,s hi's character-ihe character that all
,idt ted himt to poisiss, and which thron'
mt his life anid itnder all circumostances, lie
tutfmmltiy stistainied. [Davidl S. Jones n as
minphatically a gent lemant. lie was so ini
he truies ttnd fullest sense of the iermn. I
nean that hie was not merely a tman oifpo
nhed manners, attentive to the best forms
mdi observances of sociuty, but that his
'celings were pttrc and lofty, his sentiments
efiud andi elevatedl. I mean that ho was
aiatn of delicate sense of hontor, of siam-~
ess initegrity anti perfect truth.-No'r was
his all, ho ni as a man of wvarmt and gene
ots affectiotns-of strong and endoring at
;ichiets-exemnplary itn all the private
elatiins of life, aed to those who possess.
ahis esteem and confidetnce, a steady,
enus devoted friend. Nor was he mere
y sunstinte friend. In the hiiur of trial
mdt difilicul'y, and the day of adversity, lie
brantk from nto persona.l sacrafices, that
le claims a it duties of friendship seemed
o demtatnd. In shir', Air. Chairman, we
ave lo1st a man whaise character and vir-,
ns nendleredl him an ornament to society
l an hoitor to otur pirofessiont, and we
bould lie forgetful of our ditties, anid re
reantt to iour own hotnor, if no a ailed to
cuter a suitable iributo of respect ito his
rtemory. It is with this conviction t hat I
Tr the following resolutiions, and move
The resolutions wvere then read, and he
rg duly sounided, were unanimuusly adopt
Rerdesd, That the members of the Bar
f the eit y of New York htave heard with
ep regret of the sudden and unexpected
ecease of their respected friend and brot
er, D)avid S. Jones. who for many years
as held a distinguished rank in the prO;
tssion and an elevated position ini society.
ir his high toned integrity, his generos
y, belnea nd thn nnsesnsion of all
hose qualities and attributesi ti
lute the character offa "genrlmn.'
Resolved, That t he membirf so'
leeply sympaise with the lagInlt 1A
ieceased in their bereavemeni, -stiear'
he usual badge of mourning for the ensu
Resolved, That those - proceedjfgs. be
published, and a copy of the resolutio us,
signed by twe presiding ollicers,. be.trans
mtitted to the family of the deceased.
From the Charleston 1Evening ,ews,
lIoNon TO WHoM HooR 1s DUE -A
correspond,-nt of thu N. York Courier &
Enquirer, writina from the city ofMexico,
10th April, 1848, over the signature of
.Twu and two make four," notices a-par
agraph (put porting Io be an extracrfrom a
private letter of Major Lorinrg, of- the
Mounted Rifles,) which claims -for Gen.
Quit man the honor of having -b6en the first
to mouut the breastwork of the Garita de
Bolin, amid the terrible carnage4hat at
tanded that assault. This -eorrepondent
says that ho wishes to state tie'truth as
he saw 0 himself, and that heMwid3ao eye
witness to facts which Major LIrIUs could
not have seen, as he nas woliiI'd. 300
yard< from the Garitn, and "iitigiliately
carried to the rear. The statement. made
by hiin, so far as relates to Lieit: Stua-t,
was cio. frmed by the corresp ont of
MU r Kendall; and we feel it a-dot sto aid
in doing justice in the premises to young
fellow-citizen, to whose chivalroi iearing
in the battles there is the mosttzanlo tes
timony, and whose gallantry re1Ie is credit
upon the State of his birth. .
The n riter ab'tve refered to -se:
"The first man, officer or daft er, who
mounted the breastwork at 1th ti-ita de
Belen. and entered the city of'.Mfico on
the afternoon of the 13th Sept 'tirer. was
Lt. James Stuart, of the M .izogd Rifle
Regiment, a native of Charlestoq, S. C.,
and as gallant a fellow as. breathes. -The
next was Capt. S. Simonson, cominnding
the regiment, followed by manfof'his of
ficers and men. I do not pretendfo say
that Gen. Quitman - was not A;%oog the
f rs' at the Garita de Belen, hut 'l d'know,
ar.d in the armay it is never prietepjied to
be denied, that the persons I had -men
tioned were the very first to ente e.City
of lexico. Every one ktow.s tl distin
guished part that Gen. Quitman took in
the important events of that day, ut.I do
not think it foir that, either throughi iitten
Lion or ignorance, a portion of te credit
ained by any olficer should he'ta In from
him. and placed where it doer n Itilong
or is not desired." -
From the N York MAerchant's Lcdgtr.
A WORD) FOR THE PRESS.
Many of our exchanges confe o0us con
tining the advertisertient of wbich.the foI
lnwin_ is, in part, a copy, or the -usual
"Q Most extraordinarv tork;
The Married Woman's PrivaleMedical
Com;-anion, by Dr. A. M. .,MAuriceau,
;cue." .. n
in large caps: a work, we hesitae.-not.to
say, were it once seen and perusAd by the
press, would not find in the shl% twelve
hundred newspapers ofrthe' on, six.
wriose conductora- w'ould beI as
extend . Its ctrcutatirnnri ts le -
vidual by giving its advertisement an in
sertion In their columns.
A work more pernicious-more corrupt
ing-more damnable in its influence, anti
one tending more to debase the mind oh
old atnd yotung, and inta most alluring
matnter temtinrg them to sin of the miost
heitnous kind. cannot, we yerily believe, be
found in the Union, i f in in,deI France.
We catnnot. perha~ps, hettoraccomplish our
present purpose (which is siniphy to call
he special attentioni of innocent persons,
tade, as we well ktnow, the unktnwina
anod unwillitng parties to the eternial shame
and disgr.,ce of thousandsa) thatn by statina
who tire its authors, and the main andt on
y object it labiors very hard to accomplisht.
Whent this is known (and wve have felt
called upotn long ago, and should cre this,
have stated the sanme but for the fear of
giving it more notoriety) we believe manty
vill do as wve atnd nearly thge whole Newv
Ytork prew1 have donte, sttop the adlvertise
men'. thte miottent they arc made aware of
The wvork is published by the pretended
hir. illauriceau, alias Loman. alias pre
tendedoa hushntid of the infamous and noto
rious Caroline Lomian. who-e bnasted trade
is the producing of al~ortions upon lematles,
wkther youttg or old-married or guilty.
'he person our Courts have had so much
trouble waithI, atnd the very one 'nho is now'
rceivitng a stmall part of oar just dleserts
by servintg a term itn the penitentiary up
0n convictiion for thtis very crime. Tis|
Murit-eau is tnow undler bail for.S1,000O
o sttppress t his idetntcal publication - but|
inds tcuy to evade it.-Tbhe obj -et of tihe'
book ts but to itnduce all. if possible, (and '
we lear wa itih too much success, the thought
less atnd guilty) to believe it feasible, anid
evetn their boutndeni duty unde tiatny, yca,
very matny circumstances 'to use its advice
and send ten dollars to him'(her we should
say) tor only one packatge of "his" (hter)
metiCinte to accompahlish the ruin of peace.
health anid conscience forever. .The ten
dllars zis all they want, and the above is
all the real tnf -rtmation the book coturains.
WXill ntot editors heed atnd inuvestigate this
suject before it is tot) late. WVe shall
jpeak to upwvards5 of forty thousand. WVho
will assist itn spreading it fturther. For the
trh of the above wye appeal to the entire
press of our city.
Galvanic Spectacles-Mr. 3. S. Paine,
pticiatn, lhas invented solmethting new in
le way of spectacles. lie has construct
ed th at part of the bows hol ling ihe glasses.
itd the bridge oftwoi meinls, "viz:...,ilver
nto.lz.ntc-atnd he is cotnfident of. having
huts acehiuedt an important improvement
nita titinterrupted flow of electricity,
ihich lie believes invigorates the eyes and
uctually relieves themt frotma world of
mall physical anoyances, itdepettdently
af watumi: vision. By touching the tip of
he tongue on the nose piece, ani unimts
akble sensatiotn is producetd, and1 a flash
if light is instanttly perceptible. Mr.
[uine thinks lie feels a coal'heurrent con
Itantly passitng by thie orbits,a while-thte
~lases are worn.: Like a igenuine Yan
be, lie becures a patent,,-of course, -and .if
he discovery eqnals his expectations, .the
nillions of spectacle wearers of all coutt
ir wiill annn hegin to nay tribute to
gew England'ingenuityr "The subject is
one:that should comtriand the. attention of
jhyiciaos, since a 'nev province for 4x
ploration is expssed to view.
(Medical and Surgical Journal.
EDGEFIELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14, 1848.
The Court of Chancery.-The Court of Equi..
ty adjourned on Saturday evening last. H is
Honor Judge Caldwell disposed of a number
07 We are indebted to Col. Bonham, niw
in Mexico. for a copy of the Weekly Star for
the United States. Lt contains much interest,
ing matter, but no particular intelligence which
has not already been published in the papers
Rain.-During the last week, this section of
country. whioh had suffered frotn dry weather,
was favored with heavy rains which greatly
revived the crops.
Peace toith Mezico.-We publish toNday an
account of the ratification of the treaty of
peace with Mexico. It passed the Senate by a
votegof 33 to 4. It had previously passed the
Chamber of Deputies by 16 majority. Certain
we are,* that we have published nothing in re..
lation to the Mexican war, so agreable to our
readers generally as this We congratulate
the country at large. on account of this auspi
cious event. This treaty will be the crowning
glory of Mr. Polk s administration so distin
guished for the accomplishment of great mea
sures. We most earnestly hope, that our rela.
tions with our sister republic of Mexico, will
hereafter be of the most amicable character.and
that nothing will ever again interrupt them.
Gen. Cass.-Upon our first page, will be
found the reply of Genral Cass, to the letter of
the Committee of Correspondence of the Bal
Nominaton by the Whig Conrentn.-General
Taylor has been nominated fir the Presidency.
and Millard Fillmore. of New York, for the
Vice Presidency by the Convention of Whigs
which lately sat at Philadelphia.
Losses of the Rotlschilds.-It is said ;that the
great Bankers the Rotltachilde, lost by the late
Revlution in France, 40 millio,.s. Notwith
standing this, their credit has not been shaken.
Judge Richardson.-A writer in the Laurens
ville IIerild, advocates very strongly the claims
Lthe Hon. 1udg aichardson, to the Gaber.
natorial chair at the next electionh which will
take place during the coming session of the
Legilature He. says, that the people every
where shouldl say. let Judge Richardson be Go
vernor. In atdvocating the claims of Judge R.
he says, if the history of the State be examined,
it will be fonnd, that forty years ago, he wvas
the leader of the Republican party in the State
Legislature, and that to hinm we are indebted for
tho general sun'rase. In 1810, he was Speak
er of the Honse of Riepresentatives, in the same
yeir he became Attorney General, in which
nmice lhe continued in the discharge of its Ia
orious duties till 1828. when he was. placed
upon the Bencht. where hie has remainied ever
sice.~ antd thoutgh he is .omnewhat d.-bilitated
by age, which is abu'et 70, still he renderse very
valable sern ices to the State. lHe Paye, that
he is in bette r health, thani he has been for 10
years. The writer conseiders the clamnts of .\a.
jo Eaves. Col Manning, Col. Alstont, and
Whitemarsh B. Seabrotok of all th,-se gent le
ten he spleaks highly. -P'articutlarly of Ctlnnel
Alton and Mr. Seabrook. He hopi's that the
two, lattet gentlemen, especially, will ntow de
fer thteir claims, wvhic't are very high. [Hecsays,
that he is thte persontal friend of :ll the
gentlemen spokent of, and no tmot ive influences
him but the ptubhec 'ood. In conclusion, he
says.-this year let the mantle of Elijah fall on
Elisha Amontg the gentlemen above tmen
tinned, snulely South Carolina can choose a
Governor- amply qnalified to succeed ouir pre
sent excellent chief magistrate.
From Charleston Courier Extra. June 11.
LATEST FROM EUROPE~
The Br. Si. steamer A cadia, has arrived at
New.York from Liverpool, having sailed thence
on te 27th~ nit.
The crops in England are flue wvhich htas af
fected the price of Bread Stuffsu materially..
There is a great demtnd for Corn in Ireland,
and it is quoted at 33 to 37 for wvhite and yel
Canal Flour 28.; Baltimore 2ys. No change
The English Funds are steady. Cons.-ls 84.4
The Philadeulphia Whtig Convention hans ad
journed sine die.
We have no qutotations of Cotton. but it is
tated that an eighth of a penny deeline ha9
been submitted to, nto reference being tmade to
qualities in our despatch.
B; Teletrr ph for Charleston Mercury.
WIllG NATIONAL CONVENTION.
B..vIatOU.. June 8. 10 & .at-The Conven,.
tion, by a vote of 156 to 196, refnsed to allowv
deletugates to fil vacancies to make tup the entire
lectoral vote unless futlly represented.
.-- Aflernoon Session
The Whig-Convention closed its secret cait,
is, and opened its doors to the public at 6
'clock, p. m. *A diacttssion took place apoin
the respective qualifications and availability of
he several endidates; but finally, argument
ivas cust short, and It was resolved at 8 o'clock,
p. n., to proceed with the voting viva voce.
Fis. Con..e,...oni-s abont goinig into the first
BAr'tIont, June 8,12 P. nt.-Tiee following
is the .,reult of the tint and second ballots,
givers since my last despatch
Ballots, 1st.. . 2d.
Taylor, 111 114
Clay, 97 86
Scott, 43 49
Webster, 22 22
Clayton, 4 4
The Convention then adjourned natil to
morrow morning. Taylor's chances are the
BALTIMoR, June 9.-The Convention had
a third and unsuccessful ballot. of witich we
have not the particulars. On the fourth bal
lot. Gen. Taylor received one hundred and
seventy-one votea, and was declared the nomi
nee of the Convention.
BALTIMOR., June 9. p. m.-The lion. Mil
lard Fillmore, of New Y-rk, was nominated as
the candidate for Vice President.
Vote on the Ratification of the Treaty.
The Senate of the United States having
taken off the injunction of secrecy from its
members, the following is ant.ounced as the
official statement of the final vote :
Yeas-Messrs. Ashley, Atherton, Bag
by, Ball, Bradbury. Bright, Butler, Cal.
houn, Cameron, Cass, Clarke. Crittenden,
Davis of Massachusetts, Davis of Missis
sippi, Dayton, Dickenson, Dix, Downs,
Felch, Foote, Greene, Hale, Haunegan,
Hunter, Johnson of Maryland. Jonnson of
Louisiana, Johason of G--orgia, Mangum,
Mason. Miller, Moor, Niles, Rusk, Sevier;
Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, and Yu
Nays-Messrs. Allen, Atchison, Bad
ger, Baldwin, Benton, Berrien, Breese,
Corwin, Douglas. Lewis, Severance, Up
ham, Webster, and Westcott-14.
Arrival of T-oops at Vera Cruz.--We
learned yesterday that a depatch had been
forwarded to the Adjutant General of the
United States. at Washtington, for Gen.
Brooks, of New Orleans, to the effect that
some five or sic thousand of our troops
had arrived at Vera Cruz, from the interior
f Mexico, on their way borne.
As our Regiment is attached to Gen.
Patterson's Division, which was to have
come down first, we my look for them
even earlier than we at first supposed.
Itshould be known that GovernorJohn
son ever mindful of the comfort and wel
fare of our Regiment, in a correspondent
with the War Departmentat Washington,
received a pledge that our Regiment should
sail direct from Vera Cruz to Charleston.
so as toavoid the danger ofdetention and
hazard of Yellow Fever at New Orleans.
-Columbia Daily Tel.egraph.
We have been favored with the follow.
ing extract of a letter from a member of
the Palmetto Regiment, attached to the
Charleston Company. It will afford us
much pleasure to greet the whole of the
brave fellows on their arrival here.
SAN ANOEL MEItCo.
May 20th. 1848.
"As I am very busy to-day, and the
mail .leaves to.morrow, you must excuse
a short letter. I am well, and the Regi
mentis in. better- health, now.. then .they
this cotinitry." Cllrleston Evening News.
The Palmetto Regiment-A recent let ter
from Mexico, published in the Spartan,
gIves the followitng account of te whersa
bouts and how to do of all that are left of
the South Carolina Volunteers.
" As yet the "Palmettoes" are at San
Angel, all, both men and officers, enjoying
good health, even "ready for a fight or
frolick, and good at either." Those whlo
remains are thoroughly climatize.d and en
ured to hardship. Tlhe R--gimenit is nowv
utnder the command of Maj. Dunnovant.
il' whoe~o nhitiecs as an of".?r, undt of
whose courage on the hit~ld, I need say
oothinc-they are suffiiently ktnowtn.
Lietnt Col. Gladden, I ahitnk is a member
afsom,-" Military Court or Court Martial
now~ in sessio~n in the City; of him too I
nteed saanthitng. lIe has beeni as untir..
ing in the discharge of his dtttie's in garri..
son, as lie has been cooil, collected aod dar
ing in the fiehil. Those who he has' led on
to victory in the hour of dlanger, will ev,-r
remember tbeir gallant leader with pride.
From the Wilmington (N. C.) Journal.
INTLIERiESTING -roPOSTIA ST Ei8.
An act has just passed limb branmches of
Congress, amendatory of the act of 1815,
which last namted act made the commnis
sions of Post Masters re'ainnble annually.
insteadl of quarterly. This was found to
be a ruitbous curtailment rof the commnis
sions of the deputy Post Masters. and
hence this amendment, which not only
provides that the commissiotashall hence
forth be allowed quarterly, hut also in
structs the P M. General, in adjusting
the accounts ol Post Masters, to mallo the
law retrospective. This is hut just, and
will rejoice the hearts ef several of our
frietnds-the Deputy Post Masters. The
follotwitng is the section relative to this re
trospective view of the caqe :
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, T hat
all Postmasters, whose commissions have
been distmissed by their being allowed andI
paid on the amount of postage received in
a quarter. shall be permitted to rosettlo
andl adjust their accounts according to the
first section of this act, and shall be allow-.
ed and paid stich.sum as may be justly
found their I.e on such re-settlemneut of
Resolution of the Legislature of Virgi
nia.-Dutring the session of the Legisla
lore of 1846-7. Mr. H arvey introtiuced re
solutions on the WVilomot Provist', which
were unanimously adlopted by the House
of Delegates. Among the resolu'ions were
the ftllo'wing, which is directly in the teeth
of Mr. Cass's position:
"2mlly. Resolved unanimously, That 'int
der no circumstances will this body recog
nize as binding any enactment of the fed
eral government. wvhich has for its object
the prohibition of slavery in any territory
to be acquirred either by conquest or trea
ty; holding it to he the natural and itnde
feasible right of eatch and every State of
this conlederacy to residle with his pioper
ty of whatever description in any territory
wvhich may be acqtttred by the arms of the
United States or yielded by :rcary of any
For the Advcrtiser.
ILEM1e ICENCES OF THE PALMETTO BEGS
SERGT. WM. B' TLER BLOCKER
A bold and daring youth he was-and kind in
By nature generous, and fullofwarlike ire. :
We read in the history of our State of
the heroic achievements of Sergeant Jas
per. South Carolina may register in her
annals the name of another young. hero,
whose chivalric character and gallant deeds
shine with equal sp!cudor, and add like
lustre to the national escutcheon--we al
lude to Sergeant Blocker, of Company D.
Edgefield District. His name is already
emblazoned on the bright page of history,
and to recur, in after times, to his heroic:
virtues will be a District and a State pride.
In the daily walks of life, or inthehe..
terogeneous mass of a large. army, swe
rarely meet with a youth endowed with an
union of so many excellent qualities. U
was in the just sense of the terms, a de
lightful companion, a high-minded gentle,
man, a true patriot, and a gallant st.dier.
Those acquainted with him in civil life
might have discovered, in his frank and.
generous nature. traces of these eminent
virtues.; but it. was left to the trying scenes
and novel situations of a long and arduous
campaign to give them their full and pro
We say lie was a pleasant companion..
Sergeant Blocker was, indeed, the delight.:
of every circle that be entered; and
wherever he was known, he always.re
ceived a cordial and a .hearty welcome.,
His approach was usually announced by a
joyous hum, or a merry. whistle. ..His.
flow of cheerfulness and humor was most
uniform and constant.
If his spirits ever.. flanged, it was mero.
than any one could. discover, even 'n the .
performance of duties naturally disagreea-.
ble, or under circumstances stronglycalcu..r
lated to vex or cross the temper, with
n hat delight have his comrades. been
heard to dwell on. his merry heart-hie,
social glee-and his exhaustless, und pf.
humor! How often has he been knowp by
his irresistable gayety and humor to brsakc,
the slumbers of his messmates-and to
keep them in wakeful raptures fot more
than half the night !-Nor was this the re
.ult of fits of gleefulness that soon passed
off with feelings of corresponding depress
ion; but it arose from a constitutional.
gayety of disposition, that worked itself .
into action every day and every hour. It
was born in him and through him, and.it.
eatne from him as. natural as. the words
that fell from his lips. :
The commapder of his company his.
been frequently heard, to say of Blocker,:
he would not exchange him for any dozea:
men in the army. This was remarked44
him not ouly on account of his extraordi
nary companionable qualities, but likewise.
for the great despatci and .cheerfulness.
which he evinced in thi siischarge .of all,..
his duties. In these he was as williog-,arl
ready to apt, as he was scrupulously strct.
in their performance. . And no tan.eouk
do as much as he, in -the same. space of
time. Activity was his very nature. To
obey, also, was a principle that Iemed to
be' -Piere nl, snd= bad.O~ob~ep .o'
board. Fr was'h'elb-rs aarp "o~
execute in thie highest egred oif iheeful
ness, all the commands of those, who had
right to give them f-in thewhich he gave
evidence of a virtue as rare as it is in eve
ry way worthy of the highest commenda
tion. In the soldier is all virtge..
Ton say that Bllocker was brave would
not be to distinguish him from very miasny
of his comnradles, nor to mark the peculiar
ities of his personal courage. To say that
hte was lbratetand gallant, would still. be
to snund otily half his praise, as together
with these shining q'malities there was ma
ermingteil so'much generous enthusiasin
-so much cool daring-and such~bold and
noble spirit, as to render these quali'ies in
him, altogether peculiar and remarkable.
He ivas in the hour of danger remarkably
cool-yet f*e was eminently daring. He
was calm. y.2t bold I y enthusiastic.. He.
had all the coolness of a Ney, and the dash-.
ing ardor of a Mmuras. Like these noted
heroes, he had, also, anther quality,
which, among warlike virtues, is the rarest
of the rare, lie was not only brave and
daring himtself, but he inspired all .under
his influence with the same bold and intre,. -
pid1 Ppirit. lie could lend men into ,the
most dreadled dangers, if necessary, into
the very. mouth of the smoking cannon.
This, with his popular virtues, fitted him -
in an eminment degree, for militaty com
mand. To govern tmen with ease, and to
lead them on under the most fearful dan
gers, are two quzalifi'ationts, which, after.
the ability to plan and conduct a campaign,
maiy be said to constituti the chief excel
lence of a military leader.
Blocker ileft home as second sergeant of
his compai)ny. His many virtues, however,
soti pointed him out for a higher post, and
he received the appointent of Quarter.
Master Sergeant of tho Regiment--an of.
flee requirinig the greatest promptitude and
activity. He filled this post as it had
never been filled before, displaying.'such
constancy of attention to its duties, and
such readiness to accommodate, as to se
cure approbation from all ihe officers, and
the highest applause from the whole Reg
iment. Profers of promotion out of the
regiment were made to him, but ha per
emptorily refused them, declaring his in
tection to remain with his regiment, and
to share the fate ofthis comrades whatever -
it mightt he. While acting as Quarter
Mlaster Sergeant, a vacancy for First Ser
geant in his company. occurred. He was
unaniemously solicited by the officers and
men of the company to accept this~ peat.
In so doing Ito would surretnder a more
lucrative office, and a station which gave
him a broader field of action, for a place,
tighly honorable it is true, but attended
w ith great trouble, and full of constant and -
arduous duty. It was enough, however,
for Blocker that his company desired-it.
To cotmiply with their wishes, he would
have made any sacrifice of a personal na
ture. lie was willing and anxious to ra,.
ma'n by his young friends from his native
District, utider any atnd all circumstances.
It was the real wish of his heart. It was
the- prompting of that warm, patriotic spir
it, wvhich distinguished him in all his con
duct throughout the whole campaign.
The generous personal sacrifice he made