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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, ani all, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
- --9-- -**
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BY W tM. F. 1U I ISOE.
EDITOR & PRtOPRIET O1;
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Communications. post paid, will be prompt
ly and strictly attended to.
U7 The followinggentletnen are announced
by their friends as candidates for the Ofice od
Tax Collector. at the ensuing election:
Cot JOHN QUATTLEBUM,
GEORGE J. SH EPPARD,
SAMPSON B, MAYS,
laj. S. C. SCOTT.
LEVI R. Wi LSON.
11W E are anrltorised to announce DAN
IEL HOLLAND. Esq.. as a candidate for re
election to a seat in the Honse of Delegates.
j We are authorised to announce B.
C. YANCEY. Esgr.. as a candidate for a
seat in the hlouse of Representatives, at
the ensning election.
March 29 te 10
The friends of Col. t. B. BnutcltiT.
announce him as a Candidate for a seat in
the House of Representatives, at the ensu
ing election, 7
r- We are authorized to announce W. A.
HARRIS, Esqr., as a candidate for a seat in
the House of l:epresentatives, at the next elec.
lebruary 9 tf 3
'Thelfriendsof Maj.. JOHN TOMKINS-an
nnunee him as a candedite for. a"seat-t-the
- yepr. natQelanve8 pasm.og
'March 14 . 8
Th e friends of'Mj. ABRAiHAM' JONES
announce hit as a caudidate for re-electionl to'
Uy The friends of PETER QUATTL
BUM, Esq.. announe hi a ca omidt fo
the Office of Clerk of the Court of Contuot
Pleas, of this District, at the enstiug ele t0t
- gTbe friends of WESL 'nsin electio
announce him as a c i' 51
Sherifl of this -
januar ends of HENRY T. W RIG IHT,
uoance him as a candidate for the of
of Ordiuary of this District, at the ensuiog
election. may 24 tI is
T lE Estate of Marshal if Smith,deceased,
7 being without administrati.ln, and there.
fote derelict, all persons having papers pert :n
ing to the estate. are requested to haud then
over to me by the earliest ptacticable time, and
all those indebted to the estate to make pay
ment, and those having demuands to presen:
them properly attested.
JOHN HILL, O. E. D
june 14 6tn 21
luniburg Journal will please copy.
BY TIlE CONSENT Ofr PARTIES.
TH E Papers p)ertlainaing to thte estate of
SWilliam Fergutsonm. dee'd., beinag in may
hads. all thoase itndebted to thme estatte. lay ntae
made payable to Camllen O'Neal. I.x tr., in
right of hais wife, are reqgniredl to mtake pay
tment. anad thtose htavinag demands to preseul
them properly attected taaw
JOlHN hILL, 0 E. D.
may 311 3mn 19
.iO0 TIC E.
A LL those indeb:ed to the estate of Bttzil
LoLwe, dleceased, are reqgnested toa mnake
ptayment, and these hauvinig deantds to presett
them properly attested
JOH N HILL, 0. E. D.
may 31______S 19
Look at thais also.
A LL persons mndebted to thet estate of B.
WVise, either by note or account. are re
quared to make immttedia e paymnent, and thaose
having dentands to presentt thteit properly at
tesed.JOHN ILL, 0. E D.
may24 St 15
ALL persons indebated ton thec estate of B. Md
-. Rodgers, dleceased. are reqimred to make
immuediete paynmet, tad those htaviat demnd:
reader them in properly aittested. to,
JAS G. 0. W ILKINSON, Adsa'r.
may 31 3mt 19
ET" The Hambttrg Joutrnal is requzested tn
copy the above three tnonthas.
M R. RO0FF, whoa Ihe Id conditionally atn itt
terest in the tight of Edgefield D)istrict
to HoItchakiss' Reaction Mill Vi heels, (Patet
hiast never cotmplie-d with said! conditton, therit
*fore hte ht.ads no interest, and has tao right t
sell or ma e anay contract for aid Wheels
WVe, the undersigned 'are the owners, of sai4
riAbt, and a tight punrchtased front any other
unless our agent, will not he goodl.
Mar. J. Tr. WVEaBE, we authorise, with fu
power to act as otur agent.
COTHRAN & MOORE.
arch.1, 1847 t'
From the Caimore Sun.
The President's Message,
ANNOUNCING TO CONURESs THE END OF
'rH E WAR WITH MEXICo.
To the Senate and House of Representa
tices of the United ultesr:
I :ny before Congress copies of a treaty
of peace, friendship, limits, and settle
ment, between the United States and the
Mexican Republic. the ratifieations of
which were duly exchanged at the city of
Queretaro, in Mexico. on the 30th day of
M ay, 18-S.
The war in which our country was re
luctantly involved, in the necessary vindi,
cation of the n:ional rights and honor,
has been thus terminated; and 1 congratu -
late Congress. and our common constitu
ents, upon the restoration of an honorable
The extensive and valunble territories
ceded by Mexico to the United States
constitute indemnity for the past. and ite
brilliant achievements and signal successes
of oor arms will be a guaratee of securi
ty for the future. by convincing all nations
that our rights must be respected. The
results of the war with Mexico have given
to the Uttited States a national character
abroad which our country 'never before
eujo%ed. Our power and our resources
have become known, and are respected
throughout the word ; and we shall proba
bly be saved from the necessity of engag
ing in a foreign war for a tong series of
years. It is a subject of congratulati 'n
that wve have passed through a war of
more than two years duration, with the
business of the country uninterrupted.
with our res'ources unexbausted, and the
public credit uttinpaired.
I communicate for tho information of
Congress the accompanying documents
and et,rrespondence relating to the nego
ciation and ratification of the treaty.
Before the treaty can be fully executed
on the part of the United States, legisla
tion will he requited. It will he proper
to make the nucessary appropriations for
the payment of the twelve millions of
dollars. stipulated by the twelfth article to
be paid to Mexico in four equal annual
instalments. Tbree millions were a ro.
priated ca op
o Ist aty. '
The&filib article of the treaty provides,.
that -'iri order to designate the boutf
line. wiih due precision upon ant ground
maps. and to establish upnhe limits of
land marka which shall sI d in the present
both republict, as de ,aments shall each
article, the two stoner and a surveyor,
appoint a co te expiration of one year
who, b ate of the exchange of rati[ca
t tru of 'his treaty. shall meet at the port
San Diego, and proceed to run and
mark the said boundary in its whole
course to the Rio Bravo del Norte." It
will be necessary that provision should
te made by law fir the atppeitmet:t of a
comntissioner and surveyor on the part of
the United States, to ;et in conjunction
with a commissioner and surveyor ap
pointed by Mexico, in executing the stipa
lations of this article.
It will be proper also to provide by Inw
for the appoinmtnent of a "bonrd of com
missioners" to abjudicate and decide ultn
all claims of our citizeus against the Mex
ican government. which by the treaty,
have been assumed by the U. States.
New Mexico and upper Ca"lifonia have
been ceded by M'-xico to the United
States, and now constitute a part of our
country.' Embracing nearly ten degrees
of latitude, lymng adjacent to the Oregon
Territory, and extending fromt the Pavific
ocean to the Rio Grand, a mean distance
oh nearly a thouud tmiles. it would be
diricult to esltmate the value of these
possessions to thle Uttited detts. They
cunstitute of thtemaselves a ceutury large
euougb for a great emptjire, and their ac
quisitioni is secortd oly in impllotautce to
tIlat tof Louisiana, in 18103. Rtich in tmiu
eral and agrniculturnal resources, with a
climlate of gresat -alubrity, they etmbi ace
the most imtportantL ports on the wihole
Pacilic coast of the conatinetnt oif North
America. Tihe p,ossession ot tuo ports of
sian Diego, Monitere), and( the heay ol San
Francisc~o, will enable the Ihated Stat-s to
CommantflId the alreatdy v'aluable and rapid
ly increasing contmlerce ofl thte l'acihic.
T'he numeber tf our whale-shiptals alone,
now empl1oyed in that sea, exceeds sevenl
hunodred, requiritng more tnftau twenty
t:nousantd scatuenl to uavigate themn; while
the capital iuvested in this plarticulatr
branch of'commllerce is estimtated at aot
less thana forty mlillions of dollars. The
excellent teartiors ul Upeper Cahfoi~rnia will.
unider our flag. ahlord securnity aid repose5
to our cotmmtercial marine; and Aimericau
mechtauses wi1l soont furi.isha ready meansfl
of ship-budutmg and repair. whiich are
no0w so mluchVewanted in that distant sea.
JBy thte acquiiion of these possessions
we are brougtht into immttediate proximlily
i th the west coast of Aatertca, fromt Uupe
flora to the liussian poussessiojs anorih ol
Oregon; with the islaands of the Pacific
o.cean, atnd, by a direct voyaige iln steami
ers, ne wsill be in less~thsau thirty daUys of
SLantont and other p'arts uof Chioa.
in ibis vast tegion, whose rich resources
are shon to he develo, ed by Aitmericaut en
ergy sand entler--rise, great mlust be the
alugmtltiationt of our commterce, anld with
it, new and prolitable demtaide for me~
tchanic labor im aill its branches, anal new~
and valutable amarukets for our mranufacturet
n,t nagricultural protdCts.
| While the war has been conducted with
great humanity and feibearance. and with
complete success on our part, the peace
has been concluded on terms the most lib
eral and magnanimous to Mexico. In her
hands, the Territories now ceded had re
mained, and, it is believed. would have
continued to remain almost unoccupied,
and of little value to her or in any other
nation whilst as a part of our Union, !hey
will he productive of vast benefits to the
United States, to the commercial world,
and to the general interest of manind.
The immediate establishment of Terri
torial governments; and the extension of
our laws over these valuable possessions,
are denied to be not only important, but
indispeusable to preserve order and the
due administration of justice within their
lm its, to affird protection to the inhabi
tants, and to facilitate the development of
the vast resources and wealth which their
acquisition has added to our country.
The war with Mexico having termiua
ted, the power of the Executive to estab
lish or to continue temporary civil govern
ients over these Territories, s hich existed
under the laws of nations whilst they
were regarded as conquered provinces in
our military occupation, tans ceased. By
their session to the United States, Mexico
has no longer any power over them; and,
until Congress shall act, the inhabitants
will be without any organized government.
Should they he left in 'his condition, con
fusion and ;anarchy will be like to prevail.
Foreign commerce to a custderable
amount is now carried on in the ports of
Upper California, which will be required
to be regulated by our laws. As soon as
our system shall ho extended over this
commetce, a revenue of considerable
amount will be at once collected, and it is
no: doubted that it n%ill be annually in
creased, for these and other obvious rea
sunts, I deem at to be amy duty earnestly
to recommend the action of Congress on
the subject at tue present session.
It organizing governments over these
Terrntories, fraught with such vast advan
tages to every portion of our Union, L in
voke that spirit or and cawp.roii
whictt the coust
which it should.
union of confederb
ied_til cemented b
tte common toils,
triumphs of all its
ever dugumentiug s,
greatness and of all
There has, perhaps, been no period
since the waring so impressively given
to his couttyieu by Washington, to
guard against geogtanhical diviei3ns and
sectional parties, which appeals with
gteater force than the present, to the pa
triutic, sober tinded, and reflecting of all
parties at.d of all sectiouaof our country.
Who can calculate the value of our glurt
ous Union ! It is a model and example or
free government to all the world, and is
the star of hope and the haven of rest to
the oppressed of every clime. Hy its
presemvatioo, we have been rapidly ad
vanced as a nation to a height of stre;;th,
power and happiness, without a parallel in
the history of the world. As we extend
its blessings over new regions, shall we be
so uuwise as to endanger its existence
t y a geographical diviswias and dissen
Wih a view to encourage the early set
tietent of these di5tant possessions, I
recommend that liberal grants of the pubalic
lauds be secured to all our citizens who
have settled, or may in a limited period,
settle within their limits.
In execution ot the provisions of the
treaty, orders have been issued to our
militury and naval forces to evacuate,
n ithout delay, the Alexicana provinces,
cities. towns andi fortahieu places in our
mtitiary occupatiuon, and which are not
etmblraced in the territories ceded to tile
United States. Tate army is already on
its way to the Unaited States. That pr-.
tion oh it, as well regulars as volunteers,
who eugnged to serve during the war with
alexico, wvill b discharged as saon as they
can be transported or marched to convent.
eti pointis in the vicinity oh' their homes.
A part of the regular army, wall be em
plo3ed an New Slexico and Upper Cahi
lorn, to alord protection to the inhabi
ians, and to guard our iuteresms in these
The old armay, as it existd before the
commiaencemaent of the war with Mlexico
especially if authority be givent to ill up
the rank aud file of the several corps to
the maximum uumtber authorized durng
the war-at is bel:evod, will he a sullictoot
foace, to tbe retained to ser'.ice duriug a
periodl oh peace. A few additional otli
cers in the line and stat'oh the armty have
oeen authorized ; aid these, it is believed,
w'ill be necessary in the peace establish.
mnent, and should be retained in the service.
The number oh the general officers may
tie reduced, as yacancies occur by .the
casualties of the service, to whbat it was
before the war.
WVhile the people of othier coumaries,
who live under forms of goverunent less
free thzan our own, have beena for ages
opp1ressed by taxatin to support b .rge
siandinig arties ini periolds il p'eace, our
experience .,as shown that such estabia
meints are unnecessa y itt a republic. Our
standing army is to ah tand in the bosuom
of society. li is compi1osed ol Iree cittq
zeus, w Ito are ever reaudy to talue up .arms
in. the service of their country, whent an
emrergency requires it. Our experience ia
the war inst closetd. fully couf.rmis tho
opinion,' i-army may be raised i
upon a' '-notice. and that our .
citizen ab equal to any troops in I
the war easun, therefore, is per- I
ceived, ould enlarge our land t
forces, a by subject the treasury to.
an anaua ied charge. I
Sound' rquires that we should: f
avoid the' of a large standing nr- f
my in.ti ace. No public exigency e
requiresa rmis are not only ex- d
pensive. .essary, but may become F
Besid. g the necessary legislative s
provisin execution of the treaty, r
and thee s out of territorial gov- u
ernments ed country, we have, I1
upon the: n of peace, other im- n
portant d" ierf".rm. Among these, n
I regard no .tmore important than the c
adoption, er measures for the spee- a
dy extin ent of the national debt.- r
It is ag . . policy and the aenius of
our insu" at a public debt should s
be per rtexi' a day longer than the u
means oft sury will enable the gov- a
crnment t it off. p
We si dhere to the wise policy a
laid dow -resident Washington, of p
'-avoi.iag ecumulation of de'it, not n
only by sh tug occasions of expense.
but by vigo 'exertions in time of peace p
to discharg debt which unavoidable to
wars haves ioned. not ungenerously t,
throwing u , posterity the burden we g
ourselves o to bear." a
At the co eucement of the present p
admiaistra the pubilic debt ainouted to ti
$17,788.79 In consequence of the
war with co. it has been necessarily
incre3sed , mow amounts to $65.778,
450 41, in g the stock and treasury
notes whic. y yet be issued under the
act offanu . 1817, and the sixteen
ml:ionifda' (cently negotiated under the
act of M j, 1845. *
io ddifi o the amount os the dent, C
the treaty ~lates that twolve millionus
of dollarsts f be paiu to Mexico in four j
equal adg itinsialrnents of thro -
..... U a
.mue cnvention be- to
:....nc ne ates and Mexico, of the at
11th AiriF ,'amounted to$2.02G.J39 i
63. TJ'hi su was payable in tweny C
equal ann allitralments. Three of themn
have bee pa to the .laimants by the
Mexican .ve ment, and two by the P
United S t leaving to be paid of the lit
principal t, iquidatec amount assumed II
ny the United- tates, the sum of $1.519. th
604 76, togec r with the unliquidaiet ur
claims assume by the United States, it re
is believedna be paid as they fall due
out of the see ing revenue, without the
issue of stock the creation of any addi- to
tional publi'c" bt. PLI
I cannot too ongly recommend to Con. ed
gress the imp. uce of-husbanding all out en
national resou es. of limiting the public tht
expenditures I necessary objects, and of de
applying all tb surplus at any time in th
treasury to the denption of the debt. I
recommenJ.t t authority bevested in the
Executive by w to anticipate the peri an
od -for the r bursement of such por. jus
tion of the de as may not now be re- of
deenable. an o purchase it at par, or at sol
the pretnium hich it tmay command in
iie market, i il cases in which au thor c
ity bis been o tued by the government tur
on much the I or purtinu of the lus ; ric
and if when government becomes a gui
purchaser ofn own stock, it shall cott 8 e
mnand a premi ID tne mttrket, it will he ret
sound policy t ay it, ratber than to pay to
the simt-annu *oterest up)on it.
The intere 'pta the debt if the out-It
standing trea notes shall be funded. hu
from the cud the last fiscal year until CII
it shall fall d and be rede tmale, will blia
be equal to th principal which ost it int
self be ultima void- t/i
Without clh ing or mnodifying the pre-- p)0,
sent tariff o'f d , so great bas been the cl
increase of Oni mnmerce under its be
naign oper'aiu at the revenue derived ~~
Iromn the sales the public lands wvitl, tt fla
is confidenti.1 eved, enable the govern andi
ment to disciat annually, several mu.l- Its
lhons of the. and at the sine time rQin
possess ihe s of meetinig necessary wvhi
appropriatiO all-otheri proper objectS- ene
Unless Cong hall authorize largely in
creased expe res, for objects not of ab.
solute necess e whole public debt-ox
istung before. Mexican watr, amnd that will
created durn ' conttnuance, mNay be dish
paid oilf with r y incr ease oh taxation yu
on the peopIl ,0i befo.re it will fall due. Mje
Upon the rot tion of peace we should bis
adopt a polic a ed to a st ate of' peace.
In doing this h arhiest practicable pay-.
ment of the b debt should be a car- reli
dinal princt action. Probiting by of
the experienqof e past, we should avoid nId
the errors intlh h tie country was he- i
trayed 5bortlpft the close of the las in ha
war with Gr4 B lain in18SI5. 1u a few m~ai
years after tli p iod, a broad and haiitu
d.iaous cousigt: of thr~ lederal gov
erinmenat aufkn ely received but to,. up
much couttehre - Tuogh the coun- inue
try naUs b1irde ~with a heavy - public su
debt, large, ain some instances none. nlati
cessary tund e -t. gaut expenditure wtere ind,
authorized byt ress. The consequence not
was, that thiihn fthe de bt was . :.g
1. The present Government is dis
owned, having committed treason to the
2. The States in consequence will
resume their sovereignty.
3. Tlhrv will take measures to re
place the Government overthrown.
4. The Governors of the States will
designate the person or persons to com
m;ind the forces within each State.
5. The forces of the permanent army
which adhere to this plan, shall obey,
conforma ble to rule, the senior chief or
general who seconds it.
Signed by Jarauta, Ortoiz, Negrte
Lagos June. 1, 1848.
It will be recollected that Minon at.
tempted to surprise Jaranta a' Lagos,
but fell back, his numbers being insuf.
ficient. A correspondent, an intelligent
foreigner, writes us from the city of
M,"xico, on the 20th, that 400 of Minon's
troops went over to the insurgents, witit
their arms and baggage, and that the
lest fled with the purpose of incoipota
iine themself with the insurge- t Indians
1) Sierra Gordo, whose advance is
within seven leagues of Queretaro. Par"
edes is boldly accused of fomenting the
war of castes between the Indians and
The whites, in order to give difficulty to
the Government, and documentary proof
s adduced to sustain the aceusation.
The Government is pursuing -a very
energetic course against the oppsitioo
press in the city of Mexico. On the
20th four editors had been at rested, and
warrants were out agaihst several others
who had secreted themselves.
It was reported in Mexico on the'
10th, that the insurgents hd ~entecd.
he city of Querotaro and pillaged the
raubourgs of that town.
We trar.slate from letter addressed to
Mxicdo, June .17, 1848 -
Mexico-now presents tite-msts m irn
are .leftin Ila te~ of figt n 'i.iserY45
htaving no' other u we'as ".. ce
tlan 'robbery- and.. assassin'ioi The
Pxisting Government-lias the.most seri.
us grounds of disquietude on account
f the movemente of Paredes: and J3ac .
-auta. The ttoops'which it his sent as
ainst them are revolting and swelling
he ranks of the insurgents. The fall
f lerrera is imminent, and the war wilt
ndubitably break out afresh upon the
The monarchist party is active in
he city, and is rallying many partisans:
Phev have the clergy for their leaders
i my next I will give the names of
[Our corresponcent then gives ttto
rograinmo of the Puro pary, for which
n cannot make room to day, and adds:]
'his party has its connexious with the
:surgents in the interior, and if the ar
Ilery which has just art ived from Que
ttaro and is stationed at Chapultepec,
tould join the Puros, revolution will
ke place within a fortnight and the'
overnment be overthrown. Yours
We have the most deplorablo accounts
robberies upon the highways in all
iris of Mexrco. American deserters
in profe.sional ladrones of Mexico,
deven in Vera Cruz acts of violence
'o conlstantly conmmitted wvith imponity.
We ann--x a letter from a correspon,
not now at Jalapa.
JAt APA, June 23, 1848.
Gen. Worth took ttp his quarters in
wrr yesterday, bis division being en
msped neat Gen. Kearny's, about four
iles back. Gen. Wortb was fully im
essed, from in'Iormation at Perote,
at the mtajority of the troops- hind al
idy embarkid, and tha-t sufficient
mnaportat ion were in waiting af Vera
ruz fur the wviole army. He n'ow ex
cts to lay there some five or six we-eks,.
news wuas received yVesterday that a- -
it two thousand of G3en. Patterson's
rision were at Sa'n Ju-in. waiting the
riv-4l of.teansports. Gen. Marshall's
rision are sca tted along the road be
"en El Encero and the National
idge-and the new ten regimens- are
camped at El Encero. The troops
nerally enjoy good health, though
me apprehens'ion is fekt- about their
ssage through Vera Cruz, n>any think
Sthat the last division wvillI not get off
fore the v'omito sets in with all its
A band of American robbers, wyho
ye been infesting the road between
s and the city of Mexico for .sonie
'i back, wvere attacked some days
o by a large. party o? Mexican troops,
d after a shourt bmt sharp coniflict, iIer
n of the robbers were killed and six
~n taken prisoners-the latter were
mediately shot by te Mexicans. Of
se who escaped at the time, ten were
ested by otur troops near Peote and
ostponed to more than twenty years;
nd even then, it was only accomplished
y the stern will and ubbetiding policy of
'resident Jackson, who made his pay
rient a leading measure of his adninistrn
ion. He resisted the attempts which
vere made to divert the public money
mm that areat object, and apply it waste
it and extravagant expendiures for oth
r objects, ,ome of them of mrre than
oubtjful constitutional authority and ex
If the government of the United States
tall ob'erve a proper econcmy in its ex
enditures, and he coufined in its action
, the conduct of our foreign relations and
the few general objects of its care, enu.
terated in the conslitution. leaving all
tunicipal and local legislaiion to the
tales, our greatness as a natiun in inor
I and physical power, and in wealth and
!sources, cannot be calculated.
By pursuing ibis policy, oppressive mea
ires operating utteetually and unjustly
pon scctions and classes will be avoided;
a:d the people, -having no cause of com
laint, will pursue their own interests, un
er the blessings of equal laws and the
rotection of a just and paternal govern
By abstaining from the exercise of all
owers not clearly conferred, the cement
our glorious union, now numbering thir
States, nill he strengthened as we
row in age and increase in population,
d our future destiny will he without a
3rallel of example in the history of na
ms JAMES K. POLK.
Washington, July 6, 1848.
From the New Orleans Picayune July 2.
IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO.
The U. S. s:eamer Portland, Capi.
lace, arrived vesterday from Vera
ruz; having sailed thence on the 26th.
he brings us letters from the capital to
w-22d of June, and papers to the 20th.
news would be deemed very inter
g if the people of the United States
much thought at present to fhe af
of the sister Republic.
-edes has at last committed over
o at the head of abour-400 men
ade himself niaster of the military
in .the city. he gairison; after
show of .esistance, joined him - Bus
mehtt and Mnon, who wvere,sent
'itinst Pared%%s, are believed to be act,
g in concert with him. The State
u.igress of Guanajuato was inmediato.
dissolved, the: 1, wful Governor dis
aced, and the country is evidently a
rmted at the prospect of the success of
e 1evolutionists, thotigh the press at
a capital puts the best face possible
on the subject, and affect to treat the
volution as little formidable.
The designs of Paredes are believed i
be shadowed fosthi in the following ,
tn, although his name is no: attach,
to it. Jarauta promulgated it upon I
tering Lagos, and he is considered 1
" ight hand man" of the ex-Presi- '1
ut. We translate from El Monitor. it
PLAN OF GEN. PAREDES. Ii
Mczicans!-T h, work which iniquity r
J treason commenced in 1845 has sl
I been consutm,tepd. More than hall t%
the territory of the R public has been G
d to the ertenty fut a som beneath 6
Itempt. Toe rem tinder of our terri
y is occupied by the same North Atme- 01
iu soldiers, converted into a body, P
ird for the traitor Pena, to support iL
rime more sattrucious thtan ages have at
ealed. The anasals of the :past re'cal at
,s Court Julia,n, betrayinag his country
at a peus-asal reset'menIt: but thatr de
rid deed is not comparable wvith the
tne oh Pena. That great criminal,
ted by passiont, inatroduced tia Noors to
> Spain at his personal hazard; but c.
one, to roil in luxury ;and enjoy im
vor amidst the blandishment of the ,
ital, sold his cotmntry wvithiout the per- ti,
sal r-isk, alter having disarmed the re
ion andextingnishaing its public spirtt, Ir
-lhe evenl seeks to pea suade it th:at C
:hshonor is a public good, its disgrace Pd
awn, and thte state of hntmt'iation itn as
cli it lies prostrsate at the feet of its -
msios, is a barillia.nt positiona with a a
eiring fioure- ar
ud is it possible, Mu.xicans, that you di'
endure peaceaib'y anad uamoved this tw
ract-? Wilt you see in cold bood, Ba
r brothters of the Californias, New- en
tco and Chtbuahna actually sold?- ge
re mean who h;ave fought cotnstantly as so
r adv;ance-guaerd in support of the pa
lion, the culstomis and the nationality in,
lexicol No, no, a thousand times be
Ve who subscribe this-thaough few
uimbers, yet, resolved to perish in has
ntaimlng interests so dear-we invite th
in pu:suance of our efample t-k- tir
arms against 'his traitorous Govern- .ag~
at, anid fling forth the bannier ,f in- atn
cetion. Spain, Mexico, and} other ye
ens appealed to it to sustain their te'
-pendence, and they succeeded. We iar
do the same, proclaiming the follow- thx