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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Libertiet,w must falliwe will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUME XIII. NO. 29.
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY
BY Wil. F. DURICOE.
EDITOR & PROPRIETOR.
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Those published monthly.Ir quarterly, will
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not having tire number of insertions marked
on them, will be continued uutilordered out
and charged accordingly..
Cornmtacations, post paid, will be prompt
ty and strictly attended to.
8' The followng gentlemen are announced
by their friends as candidates for the Office of
Tax Collector. at the ensuing election:
Vol JOHN QUATTLEBUM,
'GEOlE 5. SHEPPARD,
SAM'SON B. MIAYS,
t iiaj. S. C. SCOTT,
.LEVI R. WiLSON.
07WEare authorised to announce DAN
IEL HOLLAND. Esq.. as a candidate for re
election to a seat in the House of Delegates.
7'We are anthorised to announce B.
C. YANCEY, Esqr.. as a candidate for a
seat in the House of Representatives, at
the ensuing election.
March 29 to 10
The friends of Col. R. B. BouKNIGRT,
annoitunce him as a Candidate for a seat in
the House of Representatives, at the ensu
ing election, 7
07 We are authorized to announce W. A.
HARRIS. Esqr., as a candidate for a seat in
the House of Representatives, at the next elec
lebruary 9 - if 3
The friends of Maj. JOHN TOMKINS an
nounce him as a candidate for a seat in the
House of Representatives at the ensuing elec
tion. May 3
The friends of Dr. JOHN LAKE, announce
him as a Candidate for a seat-in the, House of
7The friends of Maj, AB,RA HAM JONES
announce him as a candidate for re-election to
T7The friends of PETER QUATTLE
BUM, Esqt.. announce him as a candidate for
the Office of Clerk of the Court of Commou
Pleas, of this District, at the ensning election
January 14 50
The f'riends of WESLEY BODIE, Esqr.,
announce him as a candidate fur the office of
Sheriff of this District. at the ensuing election.
January 14 tf 51
07 The friends of HENRY T. WRIGHT.
Esqr., announce him as a candidate for the of
fice of ordinary of this Distit, at the ensuing
election. may 24 tf 18
T H E Estate of M arshal R. Smith, deceased,
being without administration, and there
fore derelict, all persons having papers pert.in.
ing to the estate, are requested to hand them
over to me by the earliest practicable time, and
all those indebted to the estate to make pay
ment, and those having demands to presen
them properly attested.
JOHN HILL, O. E. D.
-uno_14' 6m 21
* Hmb.rg oural illplesecopy.
.Basket an oprWare.
NEW style French Key. Work and Travel
ling Baskets, 183 etls. to $1,75
Market Baskets. 374 ets. to 75 cis.
Clothes Baskets. $1.00 to $1.75 each.
Cedar Pails and Tubs, 25 eta. 01p to $2,00.
Wood Churns at $1.50 ems. each.
Barrel Churns, a ncwe artidle, 'it $3.00.
For sale by R. S. ROBERTS.
July 26 tf 27
I s hereby given, that the next Legislature
will be petitioned, praying the opening of
a Public Road. near J. G. Burnett's, to run
by 3. W. and . Coopes's residence, into thei
Island Ford Reed, near T. C. Griffin's-thence
across it by James C2resswell's residence, on
thron-b N. L. Grifin'm plantatation, into the
old CIaieston Road, near his quarter.
July 19, 1848 26 3m
V OLUNTEERS for the approaching
round of Barbacues will find it an advan
tange io secure one of those magnificent two
bladed Barbacue Knives, which will enable
them to share in the luxuries offered. Price
SI150 to $2 00, just aeceived by
R. S. ROBERTS.
July 266tf 27
A LL those indebted to the estate or Charity
Johnson, dec'd., are requested to make
immediate payment, and those havIng demands
to prsn them properly attested.
C. B. GOULDEN,
SIMEON ATTA WAY,
A L L persons indebted to the estate of B. M
Rodgers. deceased, are required to make
immediate payment. and those having demands
render them in paroperly attested. to
JAS. G. 0. WILKINSON. Adm'r.
m a y331'Om 19
IU7 The Hamburg Journal is requested te
From the Charleston Me cury. 22d ull.
The meeting on Thursday night. at the
Theatre, of the Democracy of Charleston
favorable to the nomination of Gen. Tay
lor for the Presidency, was a powerful de
monstration, both in point of numbers and
of entbusiasm. The Theatre, including
the lobbies, was full to overflowing, from
the parquet to the thi.d tier of boxes.
Over the stage were shields inscribed with
the names of officers who had signalized
themselves under the lead of Gen. Taylor,
and with mottoes, consisting of aentiments
and declarations to which he had given ut
terance. On either side of the stage, near
the footlights, were the busts of Mr. Cal
houn and Gen. Taylor, upon neat pedes
tals.. The nomination of Gen. Taylor for
the Presidency, and of Gen. Butler for the
Vice Presidency, was recieved with a hear
ty demonstration of applause and cheers;
while the manner in which the meeting re
sponded to the various *speakers gave
unequivocal evidence that the heari of the
great assemblage w as in full unison with
the avowed purposes of the meeting.
The meeting was organized, on motion
of Major P. C. Gaillard, by calling Wm.
Bull Pringle. Et.q., to the Chair; and, on
motion at Col. Jas. Simmons, the follow
ing gentlemen were appointed as Vice
lon. J. Bond I'On, G. N. Reynolds, Sr.
Hon. John S. Ashe, W. Gilmore Simms,
Hon. Ker Boyce, John H. Honour,
Hon. John Huger, W. H. Houston.
James Rose, H. A. DeSaussure,
Chas. T. Lowndes, James Chapman,
James Robertson, Dr. Edward North,
Robert Martin, W. M. Lawton,
Gen. J. Schnierle. F. D- Fanning,
Gen. S. Cruikahank, William Kirkwood,
Col. C. Kanapaux. Capt. W. P. Lea,
Col. J. Gadsden, Thus. F. Capers,
Dr. Tidyman, James S. Burges,
Edward Sebring, Geo. Thomson,
Abm. Tobias. Benj. Fuller,
Dr. Thomas Y. Simons.
The following gentlemen were reques
ted to act as Secretaries, viz : Thos. P. J.
Barbot, Ttos. M. Hanckel, and R. Wain
The P.resident, on taking the Chair, re
turned his acknowledgments- for the hon
or conferred on bfm, and after referring to
the objects which brought the meeting to
gether. passed a high eulogitwm on : the
. Col. M. I..Keith came forward and of
fered the following Preamble and Resolu
tions, ptefacing them with some appropri
ato remarks :
1. Resolved, That we reiteratp the lan
guage of the 10th Resolution unanimously
adopted at the late meeting of the -Demo
cratic party of Charleston District, and de
clare " that the Democratic party of Char
leston Disiriet had neither lot nor part in
the late Baltimore Convention; and that
the resolutions of the Convention,- the
nomination of General Cass, and the pro
ceedings generally, are unsatisfactory and
objectionable; and the action of that Con
vention is disavowed by us and imposes no
obligation on the Democrats of this Dis.
2. Resolved, That we most heartily ap
prove and adopt the language of a leading
journal of this State, when it declares that
" the proceediugs of that body (alluding
to the late Baltimore Convention) have
fallen like the startling tones of an alarm
bell on the ears of the South. Its nomi
nation of Gen. Cass-its resolution about
slavery-its entire proceedings from begin
nig to end. fill us with apprehensions al
most amounting to dismay. The opinions
of Gien. Cass, promulgated in his late let
ter, that the inhabitants of a Territory, be
fore they are invested withI the a'tributes
of self-government and soveretgnty-ten
ants of the public lands at the sufferance
of the States-nere squatters-have the
right to appropriate the territory that may
be acquired by the treasure or gallantry of
all the States,~and to exclude fromt its limn
its the property of fourteen of the States
has been repudiated by the press and the
people of the whiole South. --IT IS A JJoc
TRINE '0o BMoE4TRt)Us TO BE TOLERATED
-Ar' OSTRACIsM TOO DEORADINO TO BE
3. Resoltved, That we regard the issue
now made between the States of ibis
Union, styling themselves the free States
and the States in which the institution of
domestic servitude exists, as paramount to
all questions which can be presented.
That the Convention of delegates from fif
teen sovereign States for the accomplish
ment of a purpose which is the first step
towards the abolition of .alave.uy in the
States, and consequently the ruin of the
people in the loss of their property, and
their degradation in this lawless violatiou
of their right., admonishes us of a stern
necessity that calls for our immediate,
promp)t, and decided action. That in seek
ing one uudcr whose lead we shall look
for the best guidance in our difficulties, we
turn to him, who in the simplicity of his
habits illustrates the equality of our privi
leges, and in his devotion to his country
teaches us the reverence dlue to the insti
tutions developed by our Revolution.
That with such a leader, we tay hope thal
the dangers which surround us may be
happily averted. But if this hope is dis
appointed, we shall be best prepared tc
maintain our just rights, and the integrity
of our whole country under i direction;
who has already announced to the enemiet
of his country that "6tznar, Tanoi
4. Resolved, That the Democracy o
Charleston District now assembled, art
satisfied with the tried integrity, undoubi.
ed firmness, and incorruptible patriotisn
of Zachary Taylor. That under his al
ministration they feel assured the rights o
the States will be respected and preserved
and they cordially concur in that nomina
tion of him for the Presidency of tbis
Union, which has been made by the peo
ple of the United States irrespective of
parties, and independent of politicians.
5. Resolved, That the Democracy of
Charleston District assembled have evet
been and are p,-Fred to maintain the
great cardinal p. -.,les of the Democrat
ic party whenever the same are attacked
or exposed to danger. That they feel them.
selves competent to judge for themselves
when these great principles are attacked,
and will then be prepared, as they ever
have been, to act in their support in that
mode which they shall deem most consis
tent with their obligations to their State and
their country. 'T'hat they do not consider
these principles are now at'acked or expo
sed to danger; and they feel under no ob
ligations to support, as the nominee- of
an irresponsible body, styling irself the
Democratic candidate, one whose opinions
on a subject to them of paramount impor
tarco, has been marked by singular vascil
lation, and whose support of some of the
leading doctrines of the Democratic creed
may be considered more than doubtful.
6. Resolved, That the name of William
0. Butler is recommended to us by his hoa.
est discharge of his duty when in the Con
gress of the United States, and we rejoice
in the opportunity which he has recently
enjoyed and so well improved, of illustra
ting the excellence of our institutions, so
readily converting the citizen, who is prom
inent in the halls of peace into the soldier,
distinguished in the fields of war. That
his integrity, consistency, and firmness
qualify him iso the high position of Vice
President of these United States, and to
him we pledge our cordial support.
7. Resolved, That a committee of fit.
teen from each Ward, thirty from the
Neck, and thirty from the District at large,
be appointed-to be styled "The Demo
cratic Taylor Executive Committee "
who shall be charged with the general su
perintendeuce of all measures in their
judgment necessary for the consummatiou
of the purposes contemplated by this meert
Ing. ~ -~
States, as may be proper for effecting a
concert of action between the friends of
General Taylor throughout the United
States, and that this committee be directed
to confer in all matters with the commitee
appointed under the 7th resolution.
The resolutions were then seconded in
an able and elequent address by A. C.
Magrath, Esq., followed by W. D. Poe
ter, P. D. Torre, and. James Topper,
Esgs., in argumentative speeches of groat
force and effect.
The question was then taken on the pas
sage of the preamble. and resolutions,
which were unanimously adopted,
W. Gilmore Simms, Esq, was then
loudly called for. and responded in a speech
of great wit .nd humor, which was receiv
ed by the audience with loud and frequent
demonstrations of applause.
WM. BULL PRINGLE. Chairman.
P. J. BAROT
Tuns. M. HANcREL, Secretaries.
R. W. BACOT, J
From 1he N. Y. Her.Id.
MAJOR GENERAL PILLOW.
We have carefully perused the defence
of Mtaj. Gen. Pillow: and notwithstand
ing all the censure which has been heaped
upon that officer, and notwithstanding a
reeling of prejudice towards him, which
we acknowledge did oxist in our mind
utntil very recently, we are persuaded that
Gen. Pillow is more sinned against than
sinning. We shall do justice in every
case, as far as in our powver, no mUtter
what the consequences may be, or whom
the parties are; and in asserting that Gen.
Pillow has triumphantly succeeded in
clearing his skirts of all the dirty insinua
tions that have been cast upon him, we
do no more than justice to him as a soldier
and a man.
It may be said that one side of a story
is good till the other is told, and therefore,
we should not give n opinion on the
merits of this case, until we have perused
the statement of the prosecution. Thi
we concede to be a good maxim, but
will not be inappropriate to. apply it.to-th
case under consideratin, for a very obv
ous and sound reason. The testimot
and statements on the part of the prosee
tion, as well as Gen. Pillow's defence I
fore the. Court of Inquiry, were all, rid
carefully by twe members of that CoV ,
and that Court having acquitted (n2.
Pillow, we are bound, by all the prl'i
pies of justice and equality--havingpn-.
fidence in the justice, impartiality,nd
honor of the medmbers of the Cont-to
believe the defence. Believing it, pre
fore, we do naot hesitate .to say, uhafen.
Pillow is a much abused man, and,1the
cause of right and.justice,awe. arglad
that he succeeded so, well as lie as, in
passinig the ordeal to which he hjbeen
subjected. unscathed. As to the gein
vein which runs through someif ni.
reporta and letters,. we do. not ihp that
Gen. Scoti shoula not east,the fistone,
untiltbe "soup" of the learry cespon
deunen inhnihI- be noperly digestei
the Charleston Eve. Nrews.
A N: .AY TO ABANDON OLI
P PLES,OR THE MANNEI
OF ING ON TWO STOOL!
W. UT FALLING ON THI
. GR D.
I. im yourself a Democrat, an1
2;:. allegiance to Democracy, an
be a amp follower.
3. Lewis Cass for President
and -Gen. Butler for Vice Presi
dent e they both have the sam
politi, ciples, and are the candidate
of th :party.
4. the Tariff. the Bank, and al
the- of the Whig party, and ad
5.. rt Taylor, and oppose Fill
more, e they run on the samt
6. Taylor in June as an un
pledge didate, and support hin ir
July. e you are Democrats, and he
has 'su ed himself to be disposed of
by the s for the sake of their nom,i
7 dlutions in June and reverse
ther' ahd proclaim to the world
that ..as "immutable" as the moun,
or h; ty candidate of the Whigs
8.: at the Democrats of Charles
tou. am of their -own opinions.
dou'tI themselves, and shiver in
every and thus save them from
ihe t of the State, by placing
theri .. its notice.
9--iiM gt Hunkers delude the De
m,ocra rieston to> all these things,
and ein the confidence of the
Dem. rty as wise statetnen, inno
10 jiate between the log cabin
ndueid t irel of 1840, and the old
brown B6d white curse of 1848.
11. ""great storm in 1844 and '46
about tes avowing their political
opiraio a 1848 drown all principles
to se uts for oae who declares
l~e our indepcndence of party
leadg - ay have pretended to man
age . by displacing them as a
maeare a insolent overseer, but by
ruo "from your principles, and
Wh things have been accom
i.sjoi a party on the'principle
I ! ar ument.are not. to-be
, ke - der io.1na e row
and leia(e tfa ed to the dull old Hunk
era. . ISHMAEL.
Gener Cab.-We advise those edi
tors who r 'defaming Gen. Case, because
it was his I to be a gallant Colonel early
in the w' f 1812, and to have served his
country ri pro,minent positions ever since
-those vaho are abusing Cass because the
Demucrs of the Nation have selected
him as th 'r standard hearer to deteat the
plans of dern Whiggery under the spe
cious garb. of military " availability," we
advise tl such to peruse what Abbott
Lawren:e of Mass. says of Lewis Cass.
Mr. Law ce, it is known, came near be
ing the no tines of the Whigs (assembled
last tnonth t Philadelphia) for Vice Pres
Mr. Lat ence is a gentleman, who Mr.
Thomas tier King will not deny, is a
good Wit --a good protective Tariff
Mr. L ence, gentleman as he is,
crushes iu e bud all tho vile slander, (call
it party se dal, if you please.) which the
scullions the Whig party are dissemi
We w tinot repeat them here. The
coluamns other presses have a patent
rig/d to m which wye will not infringe.
Honor as Lewis Case is for qualities
of the lie, he relies nut upon his oppo,
nents iii dmiration, wvhich wvas freely
lavished him when not a nomi.,ee fur
ile de -lI on his friends-on the prin
ciples wit -hich he has been identified.
fi- it is# aider ev-en to intimate that
Obn. Ca a political changeling.
His aw .as wiell as his pen, has been
vieldied a defence of "Free tade and
Comp wvith his opponent, he loses in
to one tr f character, while for cat'ac
ty for lb gh office to which both aspire,
yven his onents will concede hium more
hrilliant itis,g ard more experience.
But to th tract :
Gener ass's Personal Character.
A bbott ence, the great Massachusette
Whig in peech at a Taylor mneetinag at
Burlingto last week, made this retnark
af the De -rartic candidate for the Presi
"I know ~rim well. I have, broken bread
with hing4 is own house, and he with
mie in min He .is a gentleman-a man
f'unblemi 4d personal character, against
which uoIig can justly be said."-Sa
Mr. Vagren has written a letter to-e
:ommittee. :the Industrial Convention.
which as.ssa led-in this city, 'in which lie
takesgrou l'r the freedom of the public
ends to aacj~ I: settlers, and give. his rea
ions for a . elscing in his nomination for
he Eresid y:by the Utica Convention.
GEe t*aoWae--TheLimeric Chro
aicle say$ a iofficer, the military dicta
or;ofPatj4wboisuppressed the insurrec-,
Lion,.is of(i h descent, and of the once
princeLy.if of- the Kavanaiugha of Bar
[Correspondence of the Mercury.]
) WASHINGTON, July 28, 1848
t My anticipations are realized, and the
i Compromise Bill is defeated in the House.
The vote you will see is 112 yeas to 97
nays being a majority against the hill of
1 15.- The vote on the bill was as follows:
Whigs in Italics.
YEAS. Messrs. Abbott. Adams, Ashman,
Belcher, Bingman, Blanchard. Boyden,
Buckner, Butler, Canby, Clapp, "olumar,
Collins, Conger, Cranston, Crowell, Cro
zier. Carling, Dickey, Di.con, Donnell,
Duer, D. Duncan. Dunn, IEckert, Ed.
woards, Embree. N. Evans, Faran Farrel
ly. Fisher, Freedley. Fries, Giddings, Gott
Gregory, Grinnell, Hale. N. K. Hall,
Hatnmons. J. G- Hamptton, M. Hampton,
Henley, Henry. E B. Holmes, Hubbard,
ludson. J. R. Ingersol, Irwin Jenkins,
D. P. King. Lahm, IV. ''. Lawrence, S.
Lawrence, Lincoln. Lord Lynde Maclay,
It. McClelland, McIlvaine, Horace Mann,
Marsh, Marvin. Morris, Mullin. Nelson,
Ness, Newell, Nicoll, Palfrey, Peasloy,
Peck, Pendleton, Petrie, I ollock, Pntnam
Reynolds. Julius Rockwell, John A. Rock
well, Rose, Rumnsey jr., St. John, Schenk,
Sherrell, Silvester, S ingerland, Smart.
C. B. Smith, K. Smith. T. Smith. Stark
weather, Stephens, A. Stewart, Chas. E.
Stewart, atroh n. Strong. Talmadge, J.
Thompson, Tuylor, R. IV. Thompson, J.
B. Twmpson. W. Thompson. Thurston.
Tuck, Vau Dyke, Vinton, 1Varren, Went
worth, White, Wiley, Wiltnot.-112.
NAYs-Messrs.. Atkinson, Barringer.
Barrow, Bayly. Beale, Bediager, Birdsall,
Bu"cock. Botls, Bewdon, Bowlin, Boyd,
Brownhead Wn. G. Brown, Charles
Brown, A. G. Bro,vn, Burt, Cabell,
Cathcart, Chapman Franklin Clark, Be
verly L. Clark, Clingman. Howell Cobb,
W. R. W- Cobb, Crocke, Criafield, Dan
iel Dickinson, Alex, Evens, Featherston.
Ficklin, Flourncy. French, Felton. Gale,
Gentery Goggin, Green, W. P. Hall. Ha
ralson, Harmauson, Harris, Hill, Hilliard
Isaac E. Holmes, C. S. Houston, J. W.
Houston, Inge, Chas. J. Ingersol, Iverson,
Jameison, A. Johnson, R- W. Johnson,
G. W. Jones, John W. Jones, Kaufman,
'Kennon, T. Butler King, La Sere, Lig
on, Lumkin, McClernand, McDowell,
McKay, McLane. J. Mann, Meade, Mil
ler, Morehead, Outlaw, Pettit, Peyton,
Pillsberry, Preston, Rhett, Richardson,
Riebey. Robinson, Ro'klill, Sawyer,
She d. Simpson, Sims St ton, Tki.
Vtnable, . . ace,. ,
The motion to lay tho bill on-the table
was made by Mr. Stevens of Georgia,
who with seven other Southern Whigs vo.
ted in favor of it. Had they voted against
the motion to lay it on the table, it would
not have prevailed; and if this vote is a
fair exponent ofthose in favor ofor against
the bill, then eight Southern Whigs could
have passed the. bill. Every Southern de=
mocrat, you will perceive voted against
the motion to lay the bill on the table, and
every Northern and Western Whig voted
for it, while 21 democrats from the non
slaveholding States voted with the South
eru democrats. But the vote by no means
shows the opposition to the bill on the
part of Southern Whigs. Mr. Hilliard
declared, on last Monday, that Ie was
opposed to the bill. Mr.'Toombs of Geor.
gia, Mr. Gentry. of Tennessee, Mr 'res
ton of Virginia, and many other Southern
Whigs had declared their determination
not to vote for the bill, yet they voted n
gainst the motion to lay on the table. Still
with all their jockying, the responsibility
of the defeat of the bill nuot rest on the
eight Southern Whigs who voted to lay it
ona the table.
Btut I think there is yet another chance
for the settlement of this qutestioni. Th'Ie
Senate has amended the resolution of the
House fixing a day for the adjournent,
by substituting the 14th of August. This
will give time for aesion in the Hlouse on
the Oregon bill, and when it is se..t to the
Senate, thej will amtend it by striking it
all out, and substituting the Compromise
bill. So the bill may come up again in
the Hotuse, and should this be so, you will
find some eight or ten additional democrats
from the North and WVe:t who will vote
for the bill. and thus throw the whole re
sponsibility of defeating the measure ott;
the Southern Whigs. I think, however,
that they will be unwilling to take the ro
sponsibilily, and that it yet possible the
Compromise of the Senate mtay be adop
Emory College -The Columbus En-.
quirer of the 25th inst., says-"We are
pleased to learn that the Rev. George F. Ih
Pierce, at present the stationed preacher;
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in this a
city, has been elected President of Emory a
College. No man is more competent to
discharge the high duties of the responsi, ~
ble station, and none could assumtie the t
alfice with more of the public confidence. ~
The loftiest mountain in the United 4i
States east of the Mississippi, is in Nnrth i.
Carolina. It is called Mitchell's Peak, a
anmd lies in-Buncombe and Yancy counties.
Its heighiris 6, 720 feet above the level of a
the occean-being nearly 50& feet higher
than the White Mountains in New Hamip- e
The British Royal Astronomical Sn ml
ciety, baa ndmed thie new planet discovered n
in April last, Metis, and tbe namie has e
beetY adopted at the National ~Observatory d
THE COMPROMISE BILL.
As was predicted by our correspondent,
the compromise bill has been lost in the
House, and that by the action of men re
presenting Southern constituencies. ,Mr.
Stephens, of Georgia, moved to lay the
bill on the table, and seven other South
ern Whigs voted for the motion, and by
their votes carried it.
On reference to the yeas and nays on
the question. as given by our correspond.
ent, it will be perceived th-at Stephens of
Ga. and Giddings, Boyden of N. C. and
Palfrey,-Crozier, of Teun. and Tuck. fig
ure together in this operation, no doubt for
reasons perfectly satisfactory to them
selves, but so far as the Southern men are
concerned, imperatively demanded by the
public. We annex an analysis of the
the vote by States and Parties on the mo
tion to lay on the table.-Chus. Mercury.
Dem. Whig. Dem. Wh.
Maine, 3 1 2 0
N Hampshire i 1 0 0
Massaclhusettes 0 6 0 0
Vermont 1 3 0 0
Connecticut 0 4 0 0
Rhode Island I 1 0 0
New York 8 21 1 0
New Jersey, 0 4 0 0
Pennsylvania 3 4 4 0
Ohio 4 11 5 0
Mlchign 3 0 0 0
Indiana 1 4 5 0
lllittuos 4 1 4 0
Wi,consiu 2 0 0 0
Iwowa 1 0 0 0
Delaware 0 0 0 1
Maryland 0 0 2 3
Virginia 0 1 0 5
N. Carolina 0 2 3 4
S. Carolina 0 0 7 0
Georgia, 0 1 4 3
Alabama 0 0 5 2
Florida 0 0 0 1
Mississippi 0 0 3 1
Louisiana 0 0 2 1
Arkansas 0 0 1 0
m1issouri 0 0 4 0
Tennessee '0 1 5 3
Kentucky 0 3 4 1
Texas 0 0 2 0
29 83 72 25
AIR. CALHOUN'S SPEECH.
After some weeks of delay, wehave l
in our power to lay before our-readurs an
Few- of our.readees:at;! omit reading thisa
able exposition of- the rights of tbe'Sotli
er in common.- with the other States of
the Union under the federal -compact.
The positions assumed. and the arguments
brought forward to sustain them, we con
ceive to be unanswerable. Mr. C. de.
monstrates the perfect equality of rights to.
territory acquired by conquest or- treaty
ampng the several States, and that while
Congress has governmental power over
the territories, it has not absolute and un
restricted power, but is limited by the
terms of- the federal compact, and by the
very nature of the trust powers delegated
o it for the coaimon benefit of all the
There is another position which he com
bats, and which we think deserves to be
reprobated as destructive to every princi
ple of law, of justice, and of common
tense. We call special attention to this
point, because there are presses. even in
he South, having great influence upon
)ublic opinion, which assume that position.
It is, that as the laws of Mexico prohibit
ilavery, therefore no slaveholder can move
vitt his blaves and hold thern as such
ipon the territury acquired by treaty from
Ulexico utntil Congress passes an act re
ealing thte Sloxican laws to this effect.
['his doctrine' which would place territory
ecquired from Mexico, out of the reach of
he citizens of the'slaveholding State,, as
ffectually as the Wiltmot Proviso itself, is
nialutained in our very midst.-Augusta
The Mass Meeting at Stone Mountain.
lugust 15ith, 1848.-1'he Democracy of
hie Statei (says tthe Mitlledgeville FeJeral
Jtmon) should nut forget this great asseu,
ly of their unterrified hosts. The place
easy of access. The various Rail Road
)ompanies will, withotut doubt, greatly
educe their rates oif passage to those wvho
tetnd. Arrangements to this end are
ow in progress.-Constitutonalist.
Stone Mlountain Mass Meeting, and
lgricultural Fair.-Th;e several Rail
toads of the $tate have judiciously
rought downt the fare to the lowest rates,
Lorder to accommodate the public and
fOrd every facility to the people to attend
This is judicious, as it increases the
rofits of the companies, at the same time
tat it increases the number of those who
an enijoy the gratification of attending ,
The rate of fare on the Western and
~tlantic Rail Road is to be reduced to
ro cents a mile, and the passengers to be
Ilowed to return free.
Specimens and articles for exhibition
me to be carried free.
Simtilar low rates are adopted on the
To KEEP A HOUsE COOL ALL DA.--Open
te windows and doors at 5 o'clock in the
torning, keep them open two hours; then
lose them eli-windows, doors and win
ow' shades-and .the house will remain
ol during the hottest part ofr,h d.t