Newspaper Page Text
From the Baltimoie Sun, July, 29t/t,
L-TER FROM EUROPE.
The postscript in the European Times
says that tue accounts from Paris, dated
July 13th. are again of an uusutisfactory
eharacter. A rtport is etrrent to the ef
feet that a serious division prevails in the
governnent. Evidence has been obtained,
it is said, which so bravely inculpated cer
tain members of the late government, that
it has been judged by some of the present
government to be uuavoidable to apply to
the Assembly for permission to prosecute
thetm. Another party in the government
is firmly opposed to this, not on grounds
coneected n.irh the merits of the question,
but from reasons of expediency.
Gen. Cavaignac himself is included itt
this latter party-the greatest activity has
continued to be observed in the depart
ments of the War Office-the Etat-Major
of the National Guard, the Minister of
the Iaterior, and the Prefectute of the Po
lice. It appears certain that attempts at
excavation have been attempted in nutmer
ous places; one of these is close to the
Chamber, another on the Boulevard Ital
ians, uear the Rue Louis le Grande, and
another near the Faubourg Tttsisooiere;
much alarm continues to be felt, and it is
very remarkable how fe,v persons are visi
ble in the streets or public walks, although
the weather is fine ; the officers of Etats
3Major have been warned by Gen. Cavaig
nac to adopt extraordinary precautions, for
attempts would be made to assassinate
them at their respective homes.
From the London Times. 15th.
Nota ithstanding art otfirial announce
mteut by the government that no danger
of at outhreak exi-ted, the Paris papers
of yesteiday show that much apprehen
sion frcvailed throughout the Freurh Cap
ital. A:I the political prisoners were mov
ed on Thursday night, from the prisons of
Paris to the detached ports ; several esca
ped on the way. 'Ite National Guard
and the garrison were under artms at the
departure of our express, and catton were
planted at various points. Our correspon
dent expresses his conviction, nevertheless,
that no movement of the disaffected would
The following are samles of the re
ports in circulation: Oo is, that a gener
al murder of the members of the Acscm,
bly is intended, nteans being org.anized of
executing tlis simultaneously at their re
spective places of abode. Auo:her is that
an organized assault will be made on the
boarding schools, where young persons of
the one and the other sex are educated ;
that these shall be captured and kept as
hostages. to be delivered tap only on the
payment of a ransom of .money, and the
concession of such political measures as
the insurgents nay require; other repor
ted project. bavr for their ends the blowing
up.of portions of the Capital. by means
of gunpowder deposited in the quarters of
the Catecombs, sewers, pipes. cellars, and
other excavations,. which already exist, be
sides Axcavations expressly executed for
t ne...purpose.. t, .is understood that tlhe
Pensiones and other-establishments for ed;.
ucation v .ebeen ut under, cpreful.sur
veillanceo-: n .~gita w iff
mand peremaptorily to be fed or to be shot.
- IR E LAND.
The crisis:iv now .fast approaching. n.
each party is girdinag itself for tte conflic
The governmeaat, by a vigorous conasor
ship of the press, the arrest of the con
federate mnissionaries, the etmploytment of
spies, and thte augmentationa of its armed
resorces: and the people by parodigiotus ac
tivity in the enrollment of clubs, teestab
lishmnent of the League. te distribution
of arms, the most cotmple fr;aternizatiott of
all classes, anal boundless resolutiont and
enalausiasm. Otn Sa..urday night Mr. Dulfy,
of the Nation, wa appreheonde.l on a
charge or tretasont and felony, atad coamit
edeon the like chatge, thae n hole of whomn
will be tred at the tmissisa. en the 8th prox.
Mr. Dougherty was arrested in Casbel
on Monday, atnd Mr. Meagher in Water
ford on Tuesday, on charges of sedition,
anad will be tired tat tlhe presenat assizes in
Tripperary and Limnerick. Mr. .ileag
her's apprehentsion caused thte utmnest ex
citement In Waterford. Thte chapel bells
ware ruug; ahousatnd of confederates us
sembled,. and it required tall alae authority
and inauence of the guifted and chaivironts
cataive. aided bay te Cataholic clergymten,
to prevent the penople froma fialling ulpon the
mtillitary and poslice. As it wa:s thecy statr
ed tbe authorities, analdcut oali one body of
he tro;ops from the other. They created
a formidable barricade, whaich impeded
thte parogress of thte escort, and for miles,
hanrassed anal htuntedl thae procassiona. baut
thappily no live was lost. During thu
week also, a Mr. Darcy McGee anda Mir.
Hlaywtood were ;also, arrestetd for qeaditiaon
but the bills were a bron n outr by the Wick
low grand jury on Thaursaday. Thte ex
ciament, not otnly in Dattublin, hut tharouagh
out Irelatnd, is tnow everywhere itatetase,
atad the note oaf parepa-rationa is e' erywhecre
sounded. The noag of revolution htas ex
tendetd to Engelatnd.
Thte nuited repealers and chtartists are
rapidly orgatnizing atnd arming. 'The Na
tion, not wiahastanading its [reclamation, tans
appeared this mornirng.
On Monadaty, the convicted chartists in
London, were sentenceed etacht to two years,
imprisonment, with securIty for futuregood
Thte Queen's Mitaister's haave abeandon.
ed thteir intenttiotn ot permittng her to visit
Ireland in the course of ttext montha.
Front Cuba.-The brig Columabia. Capt.
Holmes arrived at Satvanntah on Wednltes.
daya. from Cardenas, in athe short passage
of four days. Capt. H-. reports every
thing as being quiet. atnd ntothing indicated
the exis'tence of revolutiontary disturbance.
Datniel Wadsworth. perhaps the wealth..
iest mana in Coannecticut. died oan Friday
morning, 28th ula., at. liatford. in atho 77th
year of his age.--Char. Courier.
Mr. Trist, late Cotmmissiotner to Mexi
Correspondene of 'the Charieston-CourTer.
Pants, July 14,1848.
Time Oas wheu. all goveruments were
in advance of the people they governed
time is when all people are in advance of
the governments which are over them;
and, unfortunately for France, her sons are
so impelled by communism, as to excite
the most liveiy apprehensions of her well.
wishers and the hopes of those who fear
and envy her. The great body of the ta
tion is undoubtedly satisfied with the exis
tiug state of things,'and the prospects of a
permanent government ; hut there is a
large party here in Paris who are allured
by the prospects of " Rape and Pilage."
inscribed on the bloody flag of the Repub
lique Rogue. They were defeated in the
last struggle, but the snake is schoched,
not killed. Every day we hear of discov
ered conspiracies-of asaassingtions-of
plo:s, and of liscovered arms, while the
immense military force, (120,000 regu
lars.) show that Gen. Cavaignac is by no
means sure of his ability to maintain or
der. Lamartine, I am happy to say, has
cleared himself from any connexion with
the anarchists, but will never regain his
original popularity. Thiers gains ground,
and recommends a national poor law as
the panacea which is toquiet the ouvriers,
one feature of which is a fund which will
give a pension to all the sick or infirm,
who shall have contributed to it one,twen
tieth of their earnings.
The legitimists have lost their staunch
champion and loyal adherent. the Viscount
do Chateauhriand, who has been sinking
since the loss of his wife last year. and
died with that quiet resignation which one
might espect from his writings.
CAUSSIDIERE TIlE CHIEF-DIS
In the best informed quarters, the gen
eral opinion prevails that the real chief of
the last insurrection was Caussidiere. It
is said that things were not unknown to
Louis Blanc, but that he shrunk from any
The evidence already obtained by the
Committee of Inquiry as to the insurree
tion, goes to show that on tie day before
the insurrection, (on Thu:sdy.) during
the whole day, the chiefs of each of the
principal sections of the insurgents exam
ined the places that each of their sections
was to oc upy, and that those who were
to command received their instruc!ions.
The orgauizatiuo of sections and brigades
were already made, for it corresponded
with that of the ateliers nationaux; there
were lieutenants, brigadiers, and chiefs of
detachments. Independently of these or
rangetments. the chiefs all met on Thurs
day evening. to confer and etcourage each
other for the meeting of the following day.
important discoveries appear to have
been made by the magistrates on the
events of the insurrection. Documenis of
the highest iunportance have been seized.
which will show whence proceeded the
money distributed, and who were really
the chiefs of the insurrection. The com
mittee has already heard numerous wit.
tesses. and collected a great quatrtity of
documents. The inquiry has for its object
to a conspiracy that every one knew exist
ed; and whaf motive to neglect such. mea..
22d June. There are now 60.000
Hundreds of respectable perstuns, liter
ary men, airttsts, genttlemen. educated perw
sons, are mutissina, who were not killed in
the ranks of the National Guard.' They
w'etc amntg the insurgents, w hose orgatui
zation has nlready recommnenced. Sig
nals were exchanged contitnnally from
htouse to hotuse, and thte cxtempore iee
graphs were at work. During the whole
of the insurrection the chiefs learnt what
was piassing from the telegraphs erected on
the. sntmmi:s of lofty houses, and corres
ponding with houses writhin the circle of
itnsurrection .-A ug usia Constiuiionalist.
rom thec Newo Oricans Dedta Jniu, 23.
CUBA-PROSPECT OF A RtEVOLUTION.
We learn from a source on which we
place reliance, that many arrest of per
sonis of influence and tdistitnction htave Ia-.
tely taken place; that in the dead of
night, files of soldiers are sent to the resi
detices of the suspected, who are dragged
frotn their bteds and incarcerated; and that
this work has bteen catried ton to an extett
little dreamt of on this side of the Gulf.
The chat,e on which these persons are ar
rested, is. we undehrstand, that they are en
gagedl itn, or cognizanit uf, sotme cotnspiracy,
which threatens theo overthrow ef Spanish
rule and domitnion, anti a repudiation of
the title of --ever faithifu!," so hung and
frequetntly lavished on tihe Cubatnos,
for thte val'uabtle consitderation they ren
tIer to the Spantish Goveruumetnt. Among
others. wye unmterstatnd a General Officer
was arr ested in Hiavatna aJ few night
Vf.:ay INron-rAyr.-Withut further
prefatce. we lay before otur tenders the fi-l
lowing impo)trtant intelligence, which we
have received from a reliable source;
The 24th Jutne, last was fixed tupon by
the friends of independence in Cuba, as the
day on which the people were to revolt
against Spanish anthority, and to declate
in favor oh the itndependence of the Island,
antd its annexation to the United States!
Circumstances nocturred (unnecesbary to
particularize) which prevented the plan
to revolt frmm beitng carried itnto efl'ect at
thte specified time, in this etate ofraffaris,
Don Gabriel Sauchez informed the Go
vernor of Trinidad of the conspiracy, at
the head of which was Gen. Nayeiso Lo
pez. who succeeded in making his escape
via Maranzae, otn board a vessel bound to
thte Uni.ted States. 1mn consequence of the
information (nrnished' to the athorities,
many arrests were tmade ofmen of wealh
mid station in the Island. At the pi-eset
time, or at all events, only a few days
ago, as we ware informed, Don Jose Ma
ria Satichez Istraga and'Don Jose-Diez
Villhegas, gentlemetn of considerable wealth
were, among othiers, confined io the fort
Principe at Hlavana, and Don Jose Jose'
Jeongtin Verdilueus%as detained in the
fort of Cienfuegos; These prisoniers, 'we
furthernleara, are to appear"and answer
t he charges laid .against them, before .a
military commisin, ofwhich Col: Chris
toval Ztita.is.appointed President. -What
their fate wirl be.:under the mild adminis
tration of law by a Spanish: Military Tri,
bunal, we can easily conceivei
We further-learnt tat;Aineri
in Cuba is in iavery unita"bI top.
T 'h e:'i ar'e'all o>jects of M coi ar'
movenentsAr.c eoninoulN g an
hotf NoAmerijcncitizet? r
can go our of-Havr .a to .anj the
Island, unless he .first s84ears. tia a
Roman Catholic and a pcetio (- d
fame, and !he .American Cons ceixifies
that he is. so. Even then. hu'sLjaqo
security for his gond behv -;s
Our information is tr a s u. ae
could wish, but it is sulficient oow tliat
'he spirit of independence is 6ed iii
Cuba, anu that the authoritie$ e'using
strong means -to .iptess it. Thdenl is
not yet. One a.ilure w ill nOt t uritohse
who aspire to freedom and~ind enuce.
The day of reckening will c nif'Cu'
ba will ere long shake off the of'sub
From the Mobile Herald f 7ribu j%yi29.
IMPORTANT FROM ;C .
lion crushed-A few days ago-vrrpublish,
ed an article from the New-OrladDelia,
giving some account of the d tentts in
Cuba, and stating that there wa?n insur
rection expected on the 24th une.
This news is confirmed by an rrival at
Pensacola from Key West. T e;olow
ing is an extract of a letter
'-News reached here to. ' be
schooner Gov. Bennett. Capth r. four
days from Key West. A +m, ad ar
rived there from Havana, b. ''eports
that an insurrection was to out on
the 20th. The ennspirators it into
the stores and- taken amt:unit efore
they had matured their plans- vernor
discovered it. Five hundred 'insur
gents were slain, and the rents; Ied to
The Pensacola Democrat s this
intelligence as follows :
" We learn by Captain T" Mi
nor, of the schooner Gov. Be ihat a
smack arrived at Key West,, sy on
which he left for this port, orted
that an insurrection was to taken
place at Havana on the 20tb outh.
But fortunately the Govern'o io ap
prised of it, and took precautto stepa
to arrest it, the insurrectiouist rceiv
ing that the conspiracy was 7iike
into the 9tores, and forcibly them
selve-+ of ammunition, &0 upon
tho Governor called out th uil oops.
and the insurrection was st res after
the slaughter of five hundr of-t sur
rectionists, the rcmainder-ereH trito
From the Charleston Me
The nomination of Gedis by a
portion of the Democratic pa har
leston has come down upon h ocra
cy of the country like tho ":ti
the night." What is to-be uning
and the end of this' mov hat
are the results to follow fr tus
now, beforo we enter in . tiest
which must begin to-a eI e at!e,
look honestly into the art '
nation of Gen. Cass byrhe on
vention was distasteful ['t'; 'iric
pa.ty of South Car)lita.a si
e a e. enO
contrary, was very popttl the
State ; and, as -an itidep ~ adidate,
would have ben almostC. to habe
received the electoral.vote ~ as the
first scet6e itn the politicaL Now
mark the progress of events n.,Tay
or at first las no fixed opit thea lie
becomes a moderate Whtin,he ~n writes
bis Allison letter. renouncing ihe to pow
er ; he then declines (it is so u derstood)
the nomitnationi of the Iidepend io Ma-~
ryland ; and, lastly. areepts t nomitna
tio,n of the Whigs, made at P iladelphiia.
lHe-re, then, is a Whig -party aw tisatinig -a
WVhig fur President ; and the -enmocrats
of South Carolinia are called u n to sup
port this nomination. H-ow-ia I-at man
ner-and for what purpose!? it likely
should the Whbigs elect their ca idate. that
a tnew complexiotn will be gi n to their
hitherto obnoxious doctri'nes b ibiis fusiom
of Carolitta D)emocracy 1 Ii likely that
the WVhigs will recede from the long cher
i,.hed op)inions-from th'eir i ibed ban
ners, which they have been . nting be
forte high hoaven for thte last t9lye yours
-frotm their faith, their prin les. their
great leaders ;-will they re@t uce all
these, for the honor of the stup Jof w h-it
will prove btut a forlorn hope ~'the De.
moeracy of South Carolinta ?I u it not
having too much vatnity to siu 'ose this ?
Wh!at then? Their ca~didate en. TFay
lor. elected. For what good 1 'he veto,
the only exercise of power in lprernga
tive which could be of benefit ~his Ca-n
linian Democratic allies, he has spudiatd.
H[is principles. and those of th Vhige, a-e
what they have been fightin ' agsinst
The result of this movement ii eertaiu di'
ater. The sante destiny will lehall then
that has befallco the nullinecati dIissentenl
of Georgia: they will becoine pelessi.3
merged and swallowed up by he greas
W-hig party of the Utnion. 9 fe is the
cothesioni betw~een the Charleitj .Demo-3
crata anal General Taylor. the Wi& nt
neec? A single tie-a single 'hd holds
them together, which maghb apped at
any moment, either by hi-deaIl 1r his vo
lition. He is a slaveholder. Is tis s suf
Scient reason why the Democatiac shave
holders of the South should' reninee all
thteir farmer principles; and'e pr~n notec
tion from the Whigs and thetudhampion
against their Democratic alties'? If rte
slave question is ~to be the t~t i then no
man, however prejuidiced bedfly be, but
must ackniowledge thsanhoNo ihernt Dem
crats have generally fought . us-the
Northern Whias alwqys agni is is1 it
just that we should expect ilhe ,mocracy
of the North to he fightitng ouritles, and
we reject their chauipion for. tDPr'esidbn
cy, simply becauise ho is tnota s-aeholder ?
is it- reason ? -Is it' wisdom eorts. to lay
down the doctrine that none b ~lvehold-.
era shall hie President'-rthate go for is
slaveholder,hbehWiig or.De itrist If
tis is to be the fdture-ereedea oe-Soutlir
the result is as-fixed'cs- fste,Miliiig ca'n
avert it. Ther great landma nfparty
and faith will become oblit r iJ.setio'
al feelinigs and secilnaiul paine t revail,
ad:this giet4fabiie9f -Rep nGov.
erament will crunmble into r
Uponi this. questione ofefsl 3we are
frae toncnfess that- 'ye.arenn t.lingitha
'our rights should depend .apon the well
:wisies_ or opinions :of-any-rnag:or set:or
ren" wbatever -Put not your trust in;
Princes," sas' the god _book ; and:.we
'would add, nor in-Presider.ts eithet. - The
ilmotProviso is a question which should
arouse the South to united action ; and ev
ery .Southerner, from-the Potomac to the
Rio Grande, should arise with his arns in
his hand, and stand prepared to cut. loose
the bands which bind him to a Union to
which he is held by so degrading a tenure.
'Soutb Carolina and the Old Dominion hold
their place'in the American Lninn by toL
erance. Awake. 0 Sword of the' South!
Our honor-our rights-our institutions,
must be in our own keeping. The Wilmot
Proviso is one qte;ti: u The advocacy of
the Whig candidate by the Democracy ol
.South Carolina is another. We may keep
alouf; but we cannot join the Whigs in
this contest, and come back to our original
position with our arms untarnisl-ed.
A I3LUFFTON DEMOCRAT.
(Correspondence of the M rcury.]
WAi4HeNtToN July 27. /84
The Conpromise bill passed the Senate
this morning at 8 o'clock, alter a sitting ol
21 hours. The vote on its engrossment
was 33 to 22-a majority of 11. If you
analyze the vo e, you will find that out of
8 Southern Whigs who voted, 4 were for,
and 4 were against the bill, as follows:
Yeas, Berrien. of Ga. Johnson, of Md.,
Johoson of La. and Mangham of N. C.
Nays, Badger, of N. C. Bell of Tenn. Un
derwood and Metcalf of Ky. Pearce oh
Md was opposed to the bill, but did not
vote. The western democrats were 4 for,
and 5 against the hill, as follows: Yeas,
Hannegan and Bright, of la. and Breeze
Douglass of ill.; nays. Allen of O. Dodge
and Walker of Wisconsin, and Felch and
Fitzgerald. of Michino. Mr. Felch said,
however, in debate, that if his vote was
necessary to carry the hill, he would give
it. All the Southern Democrats voted for
the bill. North of Dnlaware, which is a
slave State still. but one whig voted for
the hill-Mr. Phelps, of Vermont-all the
rest agaiinst it. Of the Northern Demo
crats excluding the Bartburners, iMlessrs.
Dix and Niles, three voted for it-Messrs.
Sturgeon of Pa., Dickinson of N. Y. and
Atherton of N. H. to wnom Cameron of
Pa. would have been added had he been
present, and two ag-inst it. Bradbury and
Hamlin, of Me. The assault of the whole
seems to 'e this: the Southern Democrats
gave the strongest support to the bill, be
ing unanimous, and the Northern Whigs
the strongest opposition to it. In the
South and the Nortl a majority of the De
morrats wcnt for the bill, and it'would
have been the same in the West, had Mr.
Fitzeerald', vote been necessary to save
the bill. And in every section, South,
West and North, a majority of the Whigs
were opposed to it. This is a lesson you
may ponder over and learn something from
at the South.
This morning just before the vote was
taken-in the Senate, Mr. Bright, of Indi
ane, passed a high and beautiful euloginin
on Mre''Calhouo. He said that be, in con
and~ itti many others, .had entertained
srogdoubts as to Mr. Calhoua's attach.
n& hUt ipjut he. iow felt it' due
to courae to ti "SelectCommittee, an
on theoflnor, he had exhibited a spiritnso
fair,.s.sjtst.. so n)oble and patriotic.,-as to
win the heartfelt admiration and esteem of
all who acted with him. Mr. Bright made
a very able speceh in support of the bill.
-From the Charleston Mercury.
THE CO.MlPROM SE BILL IN TIlE
The analysis of the vote in thte House,
on the motion to lay the Comtpromuuise Bill
on the table, pareseuas somrtt facts that are
assuredly worthay to be well paondecred lby
the Sotathern pteople. In a paractical shape.
the quaestionr of thte organtiz;ation of the'
new Territories was brought up fair the first
time by thtis haill, Of all titmes, this, theta,
was thte most fortunate for the settlement
of in. The country had beena lit tle agita
ted as yet, while the symptoms of a fear
ful excitena etat were rapidly anti every
wvhere developing thaemselves. To leave
the quJestionI open, was to make it the pro
dlentsinating source of divisiotn, swalloawitng
tap all nordintary interests, and turnitng the
Presidlential election inato a futrious msttggle
het weent tbe Soudla anti the Ahbolititarisns
'he formter fear exisaence, atnd thec latter for
a triumph over the Coanstitutioan oand the
Unaiun.. This conditata of thainag, and this
danger. must have baeen familiar to eve y~
membier of t.ranaress. We believe, too
that it wvas known that a pterfect and de
termitned union oaf thte Southerna men could
secure the settlemnsart of thte question.
From the debtates of the Senate, and the
high tone of all the Southaern specakers, we
supposed that such a unioan had been of
focted, and rejoiced in it, not merely as thse
pasurance that this measure would succeed.
but as-a signal andl most cheering proof
ihat the Southa had a cause strong enough
to biring tall her sus to her defence.
Trhe charm was broken by the vote itn
he Senate. Four Sututhern WVhig Sena..
nrs stepped out of the ranks oaf their bietha
'en, and voted with thte A bolitionists againast
he bill. We cana as lit tle divinte alhe mo
ives t,hat led to ibis desertion, as we Cant
le feelings nith whicha thtey enterrainedl
their owvn hearts whaile standing side by
tie with Dix, of New*York,.and Hale, of
hw Hampshire, on an issue to try the
rita of the South to a share in the 'prop
ey of the Utaio. We will noot even uta
ddake to conjecture witth what soart of
%vcome thte Abolitionists anad te Blarn
buters received ahamn into their ranks, or
wIther there was anything of derision in
thaeitile that accoampanied their recogni
tioti But it is nearly certain that this de- i
sertk oaf the four Whig Senators defeat
ed tibill. Thtey did not prevent its pas-- I
singbe Senate,- but they destroyed the
moragower-of thec Southernt union and I
madelawful for whoever pleased to foi-, I
luaw tar exanple in the House. The pire
cedenwas not* lost. A Georgia Whsig I
.made e motion in the House to lay the
bill onte table. -Eight SoutIher Whigs i
v'oted i this -ni)tion, and it was carried
:hy a v*whicha would have been reversed
if they td: gone -with the South. Every
SothelDemoci-at voted againui this mo- e
tion. lery Northern' Whig voted for it. i1
.The iof thiat this.iIill proposed an ad t
saisfactory to the Soutb, is Atpl we
-have ,the testimony -of all the Sout hern
Democrats and half_.the Southern-Whigs
of-the Senate to thi. We have.a ,liko
teitimony on the par of- the Southern
Members of the House. '-And this is for
thcr strengthened by the bitter rage with
which it was assailed by all the fanatics of
the North, in and out nf Cngress-all that
rabble of political ruliians who live by stir
ring up war against us. Wl'at had a Vir
ginian. a Kentuckian, a Georgian. to do
with aiding these miscreants to mature
their plots against the Slaveholding States?
And, after giving us such proofs of what
Southern Whigs can do, with what assu
rance do they ask the South to vote for a
man whose only pledge of fidelity as yet
is, that he is a Southern Vhig ?
Correspondence of the Courier.
VAstNGTo.f July 31.
The intention of Mr. Hlannegan to bring
forward another bill to establish territorial
governments in Oregon, California, and
New Mexico, was abandoned by him for
the reasou that he stated, to day, that there
is no hope of the passage of any such bill
by Congress at this session. It is said that
Mr. Hetneean intended to ofler a project
making Oregon a free territory and leaving
the slavery question in the tther two terri"
tories to the results of time and the wishes
of their population. But he became con
vinced that, after the failure of the project
of the Senate Committee no other project
could succeed. But Mr. Bento, introdu
ced a bill to establish a temporary Govern
ment over Oregon, California, and. New
Mexico, after the plan of the government
established by the Act of 1804, at ttte re
commend ation of. Mr. Jefferson, over Louis.
iana. If nothing better could be done,
Mr Benton said he would bring up this
scheme. But there is little disposition on
the part of Cougress to adopt a temporary
or any act on the subject till after the Pres
idential election shall he over. At the next
session, it is supposed by some, that the
slavery question can, with more ease and
safety, be adjusted. A great man.y of the
Northern, members of the lIouse profess to
be afraid to vote for any compromise of
the slavery question lest it should give
strength to the " free soil " party. But
after Mr. Van Buren and his allies shall
be beaten and discomfitted. then, they say.
they will be ready to settle the matter in a
liberal and permanent mode.
The House has concurred in the Senate
Resolution to terminate the session on
Monday, at 12 meredian, the 14tb August.
THE FEELING AT TUt. NoRT.-The
New York Herald, a paper friendly to the
South, uses the following forcible lan
guage in relation to tl-e Free Soil move
it ents throughout the North and North
-'The agitation.of this question in.the
Senate and in the House -of Represenin
tives only increases the movement amoag
the people of the North. The bill which
is called the *"Compromise." and which
was introduced by Mr. Clayton. is very
generally objected to foits cowardly cha
racter, either one way or the other. -The
people' are getting exiited on' this subject,
ind .are les.vmg the usual topictsof a Pre
ry. The mass to eiing led-i
day in this city..will onl9.inctease.th'e ex
citemnent, - and spread it throughout the
North, until the great Convetiion meets
at BunFntlo, in the present motth'of Au
gust. That hbady will then have the whole
field before thetn, with all this agitation
to urge them on; andi the prob)ability is,
according to all appearanes, that the tno
mination which they may put forth, will
ca-rry a much greater wveightt anti have a
heavier force thtan the two parties ima
gine. . We hear it said, also, that .Mr. Van
Suren, uotwithstanding his notmination by
the Utica Conventiott. will probably be
set aside in the BttlTamlo meeting, and that
maost likely John McLean of Ohio, may
he adopted; a man whose character anal
reputation are less liable to the charge of
selfishtness and ingratittude thtan that of Mr.
Van Buren. Whatever nomination be
matde then, we tmuch fear, from every
thing wve see taking place arotund tis, that
the Cnnvention to meet at IBulTalo will
lead to results of the most extraordinary
importance to the fmattre utmtn anti htappi.
ness tof thtese States. No otto seems to
care tmuch) for the tasnal Presitdential elec
tiott-they are waitittg for thte action at
BoiTalo. rTiings begin to look as if the
next Preuidetncy were to bie thrown into
the House of Representatives."
I1aROITANT TELE:GRAPHJC ITsPRtovg.
agTe.-The Batitmo.te Sutn thus notices
a new Telegraphic Improvement: "WVe
have hatd the pleasure of exatmining a mo
del of an electro-magnetic registering in
tatnent, which was being taken to the
Patent Office by the inventor, forjrhe pur.
pose of receiving the adsantases of his
improvement, which he alleges had fully
triumphed over the hitherto supposed im
polssib)ility of registering legible atud dura
ble communications by meanq of the pri
mary curreat alone. The inventor has
chuarge of an interior telegraphic station in
the State of New York, whtere he has had
his instrttment working for some time,
being merely contne'-eted with the main
line of wire, htence doing awvay w'ith all
the trouible attd expense of a local hatter,.
A cotmmon metalic pen is firmly fixed in
a htolder, attd is regularly fed with ink by
most ingenions c-ontrivance. whtile the
ilter or paper is drawn under it at n short I
listance below the point, while a nicely
>aianc-ed lever acted tupon by an electron- ~
nagnet placed withitn the prittary current, 1
rommumenates its pulsations to thte paper, -
ausing it to ap)pronch and recedle from,
he point of ite petn. freon which it receives
ho telegraphic character, durably and te- e
;ibly written witht ink-the principle of. *I
is action being the fact that a fillet of
>aper can be cansed to' vibrate with' as
ittle power as catn the vibrations necessa" ci
ary to make the connexions he'ween the ,
ales of a local battery, while the petn be-n
Olg stationary is easily kept supplied wvitht dn
ok by a very simple and- 'certain appara-d
Governor Johnson--A letter recently re
elved in ColumbIa, represents the Gover- sa
or as doing well, 'antd we confidenti, trust toi
iat-in a short time he will here' entire ac
recovererd from the eflacta of his faln 11
EDGEFIELD C. 11.
WEDt9ESDaiY, AUGUST 9, 1848.
We are requested to say that Mr. Lzv.r R.
Wn.soN. is et a candidate for Tax Collector.
Congress -It appears tftat Congrese will not
adjourn till the 14th of this month. Perhaps
A Barbecue will be given to the Volunteers
on the 25th inst.. at the Old Steam Mills, near
Co'em'in's a Roads.
Lieut. John Simktns.-We are' hap13y to
annonnee the arrival of Lie-"t. Jors Sauxiss-of
the 12th Infantry. Regular Army, at this plafe:
M. L. Botrta,. Col. of the 12th Regimeit;
U. S. A. returned to his family at this placer
Sunday last. We welcome him back into our
We have before us a copy of the adirAu* ;
speech of the Hon. Judge BERRtiS U. S..Sen4,
ator from Georgia, upon the Oregon bill. We;
will endeavor-hortly, to.publish some estracis .
We have received several letters 'written b
gentlemen. who were invited to the Dinner(gi
en to the Volunteers at Centre Springs. Thy;
are unavoidably postponed, but shall appear int.
We are indebted to the Ron. Anaus?sny
Buav, for a copy of the Message: of the Presi
dent. on the Mexican War, with the eorrespon..
dence between the Secretary of War and other,
Officers of the Government.
Warm and Dry Weather.-The section of
country immediately. atound this place, has
suffered considerably from drought. Thecorn
crop will be cut off greatly. The:drought has
extended .to other portion,.of the District, but, _
we learn, certain neighborhoods.and localities,"
have scarcely suffered at all.
Barbecue at Red HrU.-On the 3d iiist., a
Barbecue was given at Red Hillin this Dis
trict, in honor of our returned Volunteers. 8y
request, Major Taos. BAcoN made some re..
marks appropriate to the occasion, and.Le.rtaing
Candidates for the Legislature who were prir.
sent, being celled upon, also addr'essed".the
assemnbly. The Dinner wae-served up in-eiit
cellent style, and ample )provision' was' maje
for a large num!er of ladies-aId^':igetlf ir; '
who were'liresent. The utinot'ordr d. %
-Procession of Soh, of Tc*irane.-On
Yr ay iiningig o16fi
place.- A Praceeiun was-foned
to the BantIsi Chin iiwir~S Ad res wast
delivered by JaxIlTUrPER, GrddWor'thy
Patriarch. It is no tmore than justice to say,
that the Address was highly elognent and jun
pressive, .characterized by -sound reasoning,
language chaste and beautiful, and happy ilnas.'
tration. It was delivered in a very pleasing
mtanner and was well received. A consideia~
b,le number of lauies and gentlemea 's rc in
Attention Volunteer,s!-The stubjoined letter
which will beTiund belowv, relates to a matter
par'ticularly concerning metabers of the Pal..
HUUsE oF EaPRESENTATIVEs, lyf 27.
Si a :-Thte return of the Psimei to Reg
iment induces rme to ask the publicati,n of
thist ltte'r, by which those who are entitled
to pension, and houmty laud, rnay-save the
expease of employing ana Agent in' this
City. I have sent instructions and forms
ror the prepanration of spplications to the
Clerk of 'he Court. in each District. Any
intelligent person can prepare the applia
tion by them. The paper, should- be ad
dteesed to "J. L. EDWAaDs. Esq. Con
missioner of Pensions, Washington Cityn"
The postage need not be paid. The orig
iial certificate of discharge or -pension,
should accompany the applicstion 1
sent to ine during the Session of Congress,
such applications shall receive imamediate
at ten nun. Your ob'c serv't.
Meetings at Stone Mountain, Ga.-On the
15th of this month, a Mass Meeting of the
Democrats of Ga., will be held at Stone Moun.
ain, Ga. The occasion doubtless will be. otie'
if great interest. On the 16th a great Agri
:nitural Mleeting and Fair, will be held at the'
inme place. This also will be an ocdasronf
nterest. We had the pleasure last amuir 6
attending an Agriculzural' M~eeting .aths
lace, and we're hiuhty pleased. Doubtless
lie contemplated Meeting will furnish as many
ttractions as usual. The accomnmodations at
he Mountain, we believe, will be excelleiit.
I:he Rail Road Companies, have redaded theo
tre on the Roads leading to the Stone Moun.
tin to 2 cents per mile for the occasion. Pas. us
sugers will be allowed to return free. Ths~
'at e from Augusta to. Stone Mountain, will-be
'hree Dollar's-tickets not good after the 18th.
'ickets not transferable. They cad be pur.
eased on the 14th andI 15th inst. Thie'exci..
on will be quite a pleasant otie.
Mr. Van Buren.--This gentleman has con.
nded to accept the nomination of the " free
>il' patty for the Presidency. We have
>wv at lteast three cindidates for the Presie
:ncy. - Some of our cotemporari&.liely
ablished a list of about one dozen. 2
Shortest Passage to England.-T he last'pas..
ge of4he Steamer Herman franm NewYrk
Southangton, is, the shortest ever made
ross the Atlantic. The runiigtime was