Newspaper Page Text
EDGEFIELD C. 11.
\VEDNESDAY. SEPT. 13, 1848.
Town Election.-In Monday last at an elec
tion fur Intendant and Wardens of the town of
Edgefield, the following gentlemen were
R. T. MAits,. Intendant.
A. Busis .L., f
S. BROOKS, ? 'adt.
B. C. BRYA,
Jso. LIPscoMa. J
'The Wcathrr.-Since our ladt we have had
two or three heavy showers of rain in this
nteishborhood. The earth had previonsly
been very dry, and thn rain was much needed.
Afterwards, there was quite a change in the
temperature of the atmosphere. The ther
mometer which a few days before was as high
as 91 degrees in the shade. sunk as low on
Saturday morning last as 56. This was a
short time before sun rise.
Escape from Jail.-On Saturday tght last,
F. A. ScmtoEDER who had been confined in
the Jail of this District fur upwards of twelve
months, on account of debt, made his escape.
ie was lodged in one of the cells at night, for
security, as there were strong apprehe-;sions
entertained, that he would break Jail if possi
b!e. With a common pocket knife we under
stand he cut through the tipper ceiling of the
cell, then through the roof, fastened some
sheets and blankets to one of the rafters and
let himself down front the top, which was of
Ie concealed his operations from the eye of
the Jailor. by darkening his room and iovcring
the aperture which he m.ale in the ceiling, by
applying some white-wash about the place,
so as to give it a color corresponding with that
of .the rest of the room, which had been recent
We are requested to state that the Hon. A.
P. Boi.En, one of our distinguished Senaters
in Congress, will deliver an address in the
Court House. on the frst Monday in October
next. on the various topics of public interest
now agitating the country The Committee
ofcitizens wh waited on him, will announce
the arrangements,- previous to the hour of
meeting. The public are earnestly invited to
bianicipal Election in Charleston.-T. LEGERn
HuTcsarsor- has been re elected Mayor ol
the City of Charleston.
- opia,-[Agi.-.p'iogJtp J.cc.t ac
Petersburg Russia, and in Warsaw, and the
Emperor of Russia has fled. A Provisional
government had been established.
la Francs, there were still apprehension of
another- outbhienk. The~ Government wvas
afraid toa'take' decisive mseasures with Ledru
Rolliti.'snd other leadirig tmen who were
implicated in.the last insurrection.
In Ireland, quiet wvas somnewhat restored.
The revolt had been put down for the present
and many of the leaders lad been arrested.
In our last we said somnethinig to our readers
of the Manufacturing Village of Vaucluse; to.
day it is on~r purpose to iratroduce thetm to
Graniteville is located on Big IIorse Creek,
one utile from the S. C. Rail Road, three miles
from Vancluise, five miiles from Aiken, and]
eleven from ilanmburg. rThe natural beauty of
the sptot is very great, and we risk nothing itn
saying, that the wild and picrtureqiie scenery
is sure to attract the attention of the visitor.
The village is sittnated in a beautiful vatlley,
surrounded by hills of stich height as to be
well entitled to the name of M,,untains. W e
ascended the heights in the vicitnity cononly
called " the Chalk Hdills," and were rewarded
by some views wvhich reminided tus very much
of the unsurpassed scenery of onr miountain
region. At one point you stand upon the verge
of an awful precipice. and directinig the eye
towaids Augusta whlich it is said. may be seen
on a clear day, the viewv becomes at once truly
mtagnificent. But there is a view from the
Aiken 1(nad about a iiite anid a half from
Graniteville. which will please still more the
lover oftiature. The elevation is very great, and
the precipices deep and rugged. The lovely
valley which seetms to be etitirely encltised by
n monntain rane i. 'pread nit in all its glories
befotre you, anid ini the distaince is to he seeni,
Horse Creek rollinig its clear anid healthful wa
ters. Oh, what a name ! there is snmethinig in
a ntame. It is probably a corruptiotn of snine
sc.ft, euphiotmous idiatn word, and oh, that
some antiquarian would restore the origitnal.
This very spot was once the lavorite resort of
the red man. hiero lie plaiited his wig-wam,
and here along its banks unit the towering hills
he roamedi in quest of the wild game which
nbonded in this region. But lie has gone for
ever and in the progress of civilization the arts
are here to flourish, aiid no sound is to be heard
but the busy hutn of itndtustry, at:d the move
mnen4 of miighity mnachiinery.
The Graniteville Company was formed in
1845, and obtained a charter frn'm the Letrisla.
ture with a capital of $300.000. They own
nine thtousanid acres of land, which was psur.
chased at $1.25 cet per nere, aiid which eta
braces several fine .ilill sites. In March 1846,
they commenced butildit g Saw..mille, nr.d fronm
these milts they have supplied themselves with
Lumber for all building purposes.
The Village is regularly laid ouit with very
broad streets, and already contains uipwardc of
a hundred houses. The style of building is
principally Gothic. The Hotel is a large com-.
iiodiou:s buiilding, most pleasantly located, and
would recelie liberal patronage. .:e were
pleased to see two beatitiful Chutefree of iie
Gothic order, for the worship of the I3aptists
and Methodists; and we are happy to know
that the Company with commendable liberality;
have offered vacant lots to the other Christian
denominations. Ve nuderstand that the foun
dation has been commenced for an Academy
which is to-be of the Gothic order, and also for
a public Market. Bnt that Building which will
fix the eye of the visiter now demands our no
tice, we mean the Factory. It is 350 feet long,
50 feet wide inside, two stories and an attic
high, with a Picker .House 84 feet by 42, two
stories high. and all built of Granite blucks,
It will be warmd by steam pipes passing
through it, and will contain 9'40 spindles, and
300 looms, which will be employed in making
brown shirtings 37 inches wide, shirting and
drills 30inches wide, front No. 14 yarn When
in full operation it will turn out 14,000 yards
of cloth per day, and consume about 4,000
bales of Cotton per annum. The machinery
is of the finest kind, and we have reason to
think is better than any now in use, as it em
braces the most recent improvements. The
water is taken from lorse Creek by a hand..
some and substantial stone dam, three quarters
of a mile above, and conveyed to the Factry
by.a Canal 15 feet wide at bottom, 37 feet at
surface, 51 feet deep, and conveyed from the
canal to the turbine wheels, which drive the
Factory through round trunks 4J feet diame
ter, under ground. The Factory building it
will be perceived. is of great size. and the ap
pearance is most imposing. Some forty or fifty
opematives are now at the looms, and the work
of putting up the machinery is rapidly ap
proaching completion. In a short time 400
operatives will be seen in the Factory. We
were mtth struck by the appearance of the op
eratives. The females were neatly. we may
well add, tastily dressed, and there was Je,
gree of attention to the person, which will sat."
isfy the most fastidious. There is nothing in
the nature of the employment to prevent this
and we feel assured that the public spirited
projector of this enterprize will insist upon it.
The Factory Court is about 550 feet by 300.
It is handsomely laid oit, and ihr- whole ground
is covered by a rich, luxuri-tnt grass, interper
sed with flowers and evergreens. A beautiful
jet.4eau plays unceasingly but silently, forming
a delightful contrast to the movement of heavy
machinery, and particulaily the sound of the
Plaining and Sawing Machine, which one can
scarce hear even in the distance, without feel
ing that his integrily is invaded. The whole
Village is on an inclined plane, which contin
ues for a half mile or more to the summit of
tt'u Chalk flills in the rear. The Factory is at
the lowest point and the streets in parallel lines,
and rising amphitheatre-like towards the sum
mit, overlook it. The canal is the tipper boun
dary of the Court and is some 40 or 50 feet
ab6ve the level -of the Factory. On the side
next the Factory are Ware Houses for Cotton
and lerchandize, while on the other, are rows
of weeping wtllows,- whicb.hang: gracefully
over it. :eascent from the Factory to the
su\,cssion of granite steps which carry you
over solid masonry through a tasty iron gate
.opening upon the iower embankment of the
canal, which is crossed by a neat and su;bstan
tial bridge. Staliding'upon the Bridge with
tbe eye directed towards the 'Factory, the
prospect is extremely beautiful. The falling
grounds, the green carpiet which is spread be
foire you. the graceful jet, the massive yet ele
gant Gratnite building, and in the distance in
the back grotund, the lofty lu!ls clothed in pe.
rennial verdure, and seeming to cast their shad
ow over all, these are ome of the elements of
In thns hastily alluditng to the " wonders mid
beauties" of Graniteville. we must tnt omit
the fine Bridge over Hiorse Creek, and the de-.
lighftul Spring which welcomes the visiter im
mediately upon his euntrance.
WVe have tIhus attiempted to give the reader
some idea of Gramniteville, as it is, but when
we thinik what it tiil be. we can scarce find
wvords to express our admiration. It is contemn
plated by the Company to extend the works by
the erection of a similar Mill, so as to occupy
fully the valuable surplus water power now
ready for use. Whlen that is done, she can
boast her 20,000 spindles, her 800 to 1000 ope
ratives, with a consumptltion of 8 to 10.000 bales
of Cotton per ranium. WVith a population of 3
to 5000, a Market for all the provisions oh the
surrou ndiing country, anid giving employmneni
to the worthy and industrimis poor whIo wil'
withiholid the mee,d of praise fr.im that man
whose sagacity concseived, and whose energy
andi patriotism accomplisheid thne noble under
taking ! We repeat when Graniitevmlle grows
to its full propnrtionus and becomeis as probably
it wvill, next to Columbia, the mo.st important
itland Towin in anir Sate, who will refuse to
place the tiamo of Wir.oAr GREGG on the
Ih.t of Souith Carolina's greatest benefactors!
Iii behalf we knsow, of not a few of our citi
zens, wve wish the largest succcss to our mann
factuiritng Caipitalists. They are striying to
develop the resources of our State, and to
maititain the ancienit glory of South Carolina.
There was a time when in her productions site
took thie lead at the Smith, hut noaw alas with
her ngriculturist the dream of wealth has van
ished forever ; anid withont sotno new directioni
to her capital.shte must in this re.spect att least
occupy a subordinate place among her sisters,
Away with all oppositin to these holy and pat.
rintic efforts! Give all due encouragement to
all the pursuits of industry. The Mechanic,
the Mantufactuirer ahd Agriculturist, should all
have a home among ius-this would constitu te
a substantial basis fur prosperity. This is our
hope-we look not to Taylor or to Cass, or to
acts of Congress. Success, if found at all,
must be found in the energy and industry of
our own peoplle. When our sturdy youth
shaill helv.e the axe with South Carolina hiicko
ry, when atnr carriaiges and buggies shall be
"done tip" in the Ironi of onr mountain re
gion, whten.wo shall mailte our own -'wooden
nutmegs." anid our fair ladies shall display
thicetselves in prints made at some Vaneluse
or Gramnteville, then shall wve believe that a day
of prosperity far more gltrious than any which
.., ae et, expinem, ha,. dawned.. upn.s
Prom :tle Abbeville
T H H ON. .i3UR. N
We had the. jfeasure o last,
)f hearing our immeriaieA ' "uative
n Cougress, :he Hon. A. 6ueclo ad
Iressed his constiients ail c tpon t
the great issues now hefcire he. buntry. I
lie was particularly full atd ex it, upon
the question of Slnvery, an'd' rded it
he'main issue in the praet? vas be
tween the North and Sout.- .1, what t
ie had seen in Congresshe.sa 'e had j
nothing to hope for from-t ih and i
abolitionists; that:a spirit h e'there
hat would be'sarisfied with short I
af the abolition of the institftnn f slave-'
ry. He recommend-- a Soishtrr%Conven
oion ofall the Slaveholdin as :the I
nnly means whereby the So a save
With regard to the Presid&ii'aelectiou,
he was also full and plainrHe:sid when
he considered the silence' of Ge1 ',aylor
upon the manin question-a se iann on
which every Sautheruer sbhitiba bold
and speak out; and that if elee hits Ca
binet would be made up o taun Whigs,
he cotuld not support hiin 9 ?
Although he said but litte it favor of
Gen. Cass, yet frotn his reinarks, -it was
clear he t ould support hidim preference
to Gen. Taylor.
Alter Mr. Burt had closed i marks,
Mr Petti;ru. of Cnarlestoi ei, resent,
was loudly called; and aft h king the
assembly for the call. whi. h i'd was
eqvally flaitering and emb sing: he do
fined his priuciplos, and tated'that he
was a whig; that he sailed undirno -false
colors. He traced back th'present issue
between the North and Sotiilb he Mex
ican war; which he denouti unmea
sured terms and regarded as.ujis --that
we had wrong two thirds gf,Meii from
her citizens. for which wi *ad reed to
pay twenty millions of dolla .-he.jotght
that had this territory not have been ac
quired thus. that the pairtions conttiguous
to the slave States would naturlly have
been settled by slaveholders; atidiho man
woni have gone with hisslave3 to those
pan where slave labor would ptove no
lie allude,l to the treachery:ofeMattin
Van Buren, the .Northern man with Sou
thern principles," and asked ifthe people
of the South were willing now,.upon the
heels of such desertion of principles to
elel:t Gen. Cass and have the same game
To these remakrs Mr. Burt-was callled
on to reply, which he did in a happy man
ner. completely detnolibbing-hie adver
We agree very fully with -many.of the senti
ments contained in the-stbjoined report of the,
remnrks of our immediate Ke-ireseniative, the
Hon. A. Burt, hefiare his fellow cizeis'at'Ab:
bevilte Court Hotse, and only regreittr our
friend the Editor of the Banner d t gtve
his views more in detail.
i t would certeinly be more agreeable to our
wishes if Mr. Burt co.uld reconcileAo hitmself
to support Mr. Cass moie thoroughly und
,,,.nto-erore tus, it is trite, but fettdra are often
sptrions,. and their meisning is often so horri
bly7 distorted by political demagogues. as to
renider themn jnst -as agreeable to Wigs asDe~
mocrats, or to one section -of the country as
We helieve with onr faithful Representative,
that the mitttt qneastion to be decided dturittg the
ensninitg Presidenttial term, is the qttestion upon
which the Southt is nmorejiustly sensitive,atid in
which shtois tnore deeply interested than any oth
er-is the quebtioni of slavery-is the question
whthter or not we shall be robbed of the fmuits of
or indm-btry, of our sntTermtgs, and of ou/1 blood,
by iolenace atnd by fraud; in a word, it is the
qetionts whether the South suhall be driven from
te coitfederacy bty the fanaticismi and demta
gogueim of the North, or be permitted to en
joy, in peace, the rights tand privileges gtnaran
ted to it by the Contstituttion. If no forms of
law are to alThrd its protectiotn, if our righttsunut
Qr the Constitmi.am are to be trampled upon
with imputtity. then that sacred instrumtent
has biecome a dead letter-the tunion. has he
come a etuse it-stead of a bIlessing to the count
try, antd we luad btetter begin to catlctulate the
chiances of liv ing independetnt of our brethaten.
Wei deprecate the necessity that taty torce
us at aity timte to call a Conyceti of the
Sothtern States for we are under the frmnn..n
victiont that it will be the beginning of the final
epartionu; but we must have repose-we
mst have security-and our privileges must
be espected. It has become evidetnt, that in
order to oppose the abolitiotists with the least
posible success. thte South mutst adopt' sotne
wl-cotcerted plan of atction.
The united wvisdomn of that section of the
ountry should b)e sunmoned to die taske; .and
if no other muds can save us, a Southern Con
vention shoutld be cnlled, an,i we should exam
ne our means of self support and out capabihi
y of actinig for ouirselves. *A united ehTott on
he part ot the Southern States might convince
ie other parte of the conf'ederacy, thtat we
were in earntest-might result in great good
uaught restoreshramoniy and contfidence to the
whole union; aiid might, for thme future, secutre
to the South the blessings of good government.
For the Advertiser.
ME. EDITOon:-I notice in the last Ad
ert iser a cotammicat ion signed Respon
ile Voters, calling on the candidates for'
ihe Legislature, to express uhemaselves pub
licly itn atny way, fur whom- they are in
~avor for Presidenit of the United States.
fo which I reply briefly through the col..
ims of your paper, from alt the igh's
tad infornmationt I have at present of the
olitics of the severatl candidates before
he people for that high orniee; I am itn
avour of Gen. CAss for trie Prostdency,
and were I calledl upont at this, time to
rote, should supuport him. 1 -
R. B. BOUKNIGH-T.
The Hiambarg Journal andKRepublicatn
nill please copy.I
For uhe Aclverliser.
JASS AND BUTLER CANDIUATE FOR CoN
'MR. EDIToR: In presenting the tname
tf SILAs L. I ILLER, E,q as- a candi
late to represt-nt the Congressiontal dis
rtcts of Ahbville. E'eelield, New berry
md Lexington in thn Congress it tit U.
3tates, we tuke great plea<ure in aymtg
hat he is a g,-ntlematt of unexceptionable
niral character. inflexible integ-ity, sound
udgment, and acknowledged ahilt:y; and
f elected. will ably sustain his high char,
icier, and add additional lustre to the re
,utation of South Cnrolina lie is vin
-ugh democratic in principle-a c'ass and
Butler democrat, and sustains the prini
)les of the great ~Democratic Republican
arty of South Carolina. Upon the au
hority of the Hamburg .lourntal. Mr. Burt
avors the election of Ger.. Taylnr. the
autonaton Whig canlidate for the Presi
lency, which scets to me bad tate. to
my the least, for a South Cartlini )em
)crat. MANY V.-rEtts.
From the Charleston M'Iercury.
If we turn froiti the South its the North,
little favorable as is the view to any reli
ance on the support of either party that
little is certainly not on the side of the
Whigs From first to last they adhered,
with a solitary exception in the Senate, to
the extrem:e ground of the Aholnionists.
They would have no settlement of the
question which did not sectnte to the North
the possession of all ti.se territories. and
that by the direct assertion of the right of
Congress to legislate on the question of
slavery. A portion of the Northern Dem
ncratic party, in both lionses, not only sup
ported the Compromise Bill, but showed
a strong anxiety, in various ways. to settle
the question of slavery on ter-ns not .dis
honorable to the South. Trite it is tbat
even this portion of the Northern Demo
crats, discouraged by the imperfect sup
port which the Stut h had given to the on
ly measure that promised a settlement of
the quetion, and horne back by the ever
swelling tide of Free Soil agitation, yield
ed their puition, and with a few honora.
ble exception-, jttined with the Whigs in
fastening the Wilmot Proviso upon the Or
egon Hill. If this proves, as we acknowl
edge it dnes. that e:n reliance can lie placed
upon the Dettocratic party for the settle
ment ot the question, the unanimous op
position to the South of the N.rthern
Whigs, upon every v!te, from the very first
is surely decisive that we cannot trust them.
We see nothing, then, in the recent de
velopments on the slavery question tt jus.
tify any Southern Democrat in abandoning
this party. and fraternizing them in the
Whigs Presidetitial telection. Etery cao
did man msi admit, that all who rntrib
use to the election of the Vhig candidate.
and thtus help to raise that party to power,
must at least incidentally support and sane
tion its principles. Directly, and by his
o,vn express declarations, there is but a
single nrinoin,t _
............ ,.,, ut o tie mnterpo
sed. Oa the WVilmot Pr.viso, when dis
tinlly questioned. he hats as.distitetly re
fused i, give an answer; and on the
strentgth tif his Signiat hettet, his friends
throughout tthe Free States claim that he
has committed htimtself, either in favor of
that pruuviso. er not to arrest it by a veto.
Layitng aside this qiestion, antd where
are ite grounds tit whicht we cani support
Gen. Tayvlor ! The De,nocratic party atnd
their cattditdate were with us on the Bank,
with us on the Tarill. with us ont the An
nexationt of Texas. On these issues. where
were, and wvher'e will be, the WVhigs and
their cantdidate ?
If, then, Gen. Taylor is a Whlig. and
the nominee of the Whtigs fo.r the Pre-i
dey; if the WVhig patrty, on aill past is
sues, have bteen against us. and Ott the
.lavery question, as a patrty, iiint Free'
Sttes. are worse thani th Dettocrats, antd
even itn the south have di' ided againist us.
disstrouisly defeatintg thme lnte Cotmpronumise
int Congres. ; sond if their cauuditdatt' has re
fused tut pletdge h~iself tot stanud bet weeni
his party anJ. the saufery of the soth;
whlat jtt-tificatiton can we. finid for dlesertine
the ld Demtocrati' sitndatrud, andit enthlsting
itt the ranks of a leatder whtose. ultt claimt
to thte sy mpaithy atnd suptpori of Sout herni
Democrats-the posiatiorn oif nit ittdt-n
dent catntdidatte, uncuyntamninated by the
tonch of party conver.iont4--te hans .inm-.
self uneqiocamlly and anxiotisly renoun
That there are grave objections to Gent.
Cast we dt ttot dt'ny. At the propter timeit
we set forthi and itnststed upomn these utbjec
tions, its conclusive reasonts why the peo
ple of South Camrolinta shiouldl reftuse to ake
any decidetd part in the Presidential elec
tion. We had dt'sired uttless the devel
npments of the times shomtl. moke it a
plain duty for us to adopt a candidate of
our own,t that uncmbiarrassed andl unidis
tractedt by poputlar tugirationt the Legisla
tre of' South Carinita might he left free
to decide upon the vote oh' the State, infln
nced only by a sense or whtat wa', due to
he.r prittcipl--s atnd her honor. It is th.- po
sitiotn whlich, from the first, we insisted ott
cs thetriteotne oif the State, and which the
lsig events of the late sessio.i of Con
gress have mo.st itmipressively sh.own to be
the only one consistent with her principles,
and with the exertion of any itnfluence fas
vorable to the adjustmentt tif qutestints
identified with her owti and the commott
afety of the Siouth. We hear a part
we should be deeply motrtified if we thought
we had afl'rdedl any one with n pretext to
sharge us with hearing any part-of tIhe
responsibility of the mtovemenits whteh
ave ind(uced perhaps a tmnjority otf onr
friends to yield this position of neu'trality.
'he necessity hta' beetn forced upon temt
by the notnintation tif Gen. Tlnyloir in their
nidst, andi thte organization of a patrty to
advance his electiont. In regard to sueh a
oveent we catnnot permit tor. position
t0 le questionable ; and as the proper an
wer to it, andl because a pnsitiotn of nen
rtlity in such circumistatnces would ho a
,asitin of imbeciity, when f'orced toan
choice. between the nominees of the WI;
party and the notinees of 'ho Demnocratic
party. We declare our preference for the
lat'er; and we cannpt doubt. that, for the
same ' reasnits, the L"gislamurc of South,
Carolina will east the vote of the State 1 r
Cass and Butler.
From the Cbrartst a .Mercury.
GENi TAYLOR AND TIlE SOUTHi.
From the tmotiphe'l evidence. of the
lact, A e think there ean renian but little
doubt. except atn' the mnost infatuated.
that Gen. T'iavlor has crterel largely to
Northern prejudices for Nr:hdro r vntcs.
Aside frooni the a"sertions of the N..rihern
Vhig pres-+, which claiit hn as a randi
duate mtost in favrr of the Wil iot Proviso.
and denotnee Gen. Cass a, being in fa
vor of the extensini of slavery, it is open
ly asserred by his N''a.iltern advocate's,that
Gen. Taylor 'tas written lrtters fully sus
tlainitg ihose asser'i ns. At tmeeting held
in varinut places at the North- persons
prufe'sing to Ie upon terms o(ftIre uttt.ot
irimi-cy .iih Gen. Taylor. have bi'en
must -xoliit in their declaration that le
is opp",iel to slavery in the ahs:rict. ad'td
also ts it- further extensinu. At a recent
mneeting of the Whigs of Auhu rn. New
Yoi k. she lion. Joshua S;encer d.,livere:
an address. and was followed by A. F
Righter Esq. of L'uisiana, a sketeh of
whose remarks we copy from the Anhurn
Advertiser. a Taylor and Fillmore paper.
Afer Mr. Spencer had cinlauded, Mr.
Rightor. a ncighhor of Ge". 'raylor and
intimately aequninted with him for twenty
years past, and therefore well undierstand
log his opinion upon publir m.ilters, made
a few remarks in reference to Gen. Tay
lor', political principles, particularly his
views upon the subject of slavery exten
sion He declared. from his own person
at knowtledge. that Gen. Taylor is now. as
he aleay. has been, an uncompromising
and ihorough going whig. as true a one as
Henry Clay himself or any other man in
the whole Union. Of hiis he said there
could be no doubt. lie said to,. that if
the bIcofocos could have got from the
slightest intination that he had any sym
pathy with their principles, as they re
peatedly attempted to do the moment he
returned tromrr Mexico. they would have
made him their candidate for President.
But they could neither.fluitter nor inveigle
him into any sueh expreQsi. u of pronise,
and they gave up the effirt. Of this we
have not a particle of douht. because the
whole tpoor of their press corroborates it.
Mr. Rltightor furthermore said, what he
k-nrw to be true front the evidence of Gen.
Taylor's own lips. "that he was opposed
to the extensuio ofSlavery. and would un
hesitatin,ly sirn a bill for prohibiting it."
Mr. Rightor is the brother in-law of oio
of our most respectable citizens, and a
Ventlemnt of high character, unimpesch
able integrity. and modest. gentlemanly
and unassurning; a tan indeed, whose
appenarance and manners will satisfy any
one in five minute,' interconrse with him.
that his word- is entitled to rhe most im
...,ul Uliy on rte ure.' goriLouo:i lit
Slavery exteoiion, but upontu all -the mea
sures advocated bty thle Whig party.
len adtditini to this, we fir.d in a late
number of the Mobile Tributne a letter
fro~m a corresiposident now otn a visit tot
Gen. Taylor at Pasensoh, evidently a
wanup aind devoted friendl. from which we
make the following extract:
. Hec did not he,sitalte to pronounce ala
very an evil and blighting in its efJects
u pon the agricultural and commnercia.l 7 -ro
perity of the South. To this he aitribiuted
iho daeay of Virginia. and lhe though,t it
would e.xteud to other slat:e St ate~s. H e
spiike at somre letegth otn this point, atnd
drew m:unv aif hist illttratis from ancient
histry IWhile, hou'rr. he regietted the
sye!eet. he elepreated the foreign attempts
to aibolis4--lavery~ Ha' thought the agita
tin iorn ihe sihent penrniciouis to both
wihites and h'acks. The two races could
tnt exist toigeth' r, and a mnixed race. such.
as eiht.nin in Me.xico, was the gree
evil that soc' y couildl be 5Iubject.-d mn.
N->' plani of erndiae.itingt -,lnvery mtet his
approb:arit:t, iun!-.s the freed negrnes
coul.l he' remottved (rotm the eo.u:ntry. lie
nAotibl not emnwiaepate htis owno slaves,
exce t on coindi tioni that they we're willing
toi go to A frica."
In a Nir.hterti onna. sentinmenits anch as
these ui.ighit findl palliation nutd excite. in
the prej.idicee by which he is s'irro'indled,
nnid hisi ignornoien of the practical work
ings or the in-.riientiotns of sla very. Getn.
Taylor can pileand neither, andl hi' - pres
sions betra' a radical unsmintdtness oif
npiionet. or n wil'ingness to sacrifice the
rights of the Sutrh upotn the altar of po
litical anobition. if hy any fatnity the
Stitth stoul lenr1 herseif to his stupport.
shte w ill be jiustly lookinig upoit as endonrs
inig his viow-.. and suirrendelrieig herself to
the tendter merrcies oef Northern Painaui
cistm. WVe cnnnot for a mtotment indulge
the thought that site will lie guilty of a
p'ilicy at onice degrad1ing and suicidal.
From thee Charlestou Mearcury.
A WVashtintgen correspoindent aif the Dal
timoire Son conmmunie"ntes the followviug
itemsc of pmoli'iacat,itellige.ntea: -
*-W'.hartihe [stieanking oft Sentator Famote's
Fangnie'rnpeech] says in regardi to Messrs
D)ickinaton. Douglass. ilatnnegan. Bright
anal Pitzeernldl, ti'ay also he imphiri'ty re
heal uponi; ter lie assures me, personually
tu-day, andu a uthorisc.t me to tmake the
decularatim tIhrough your columes, that,
ini addeitiotn to whalit he 'here states, in re
earad to that :earliess, neraompli..hed, elo
qeuent, statesmanlike', democratic Seniator
fraim linais. Mr Dotughass. 'then he rose
in his pitico anal avowerd his dleiermninatiin
and the aletermitiation tof the Nuorhern de
mocraits ge'ner.tlty. who had bceen heartily
co-perating with himi atnd with the Soth i
in our previous a.fluris nt comproimise, if
we sho-ddl withdraw alt firther oppositiaon
atia thus permit the Oregon bill to become
a law-at the niext sess:ic. of Coingreses to
unite with us anain, arnd heartily.' in ex
tending th'e .1 iti..ri cornpromtise line to
the Pamilc and thus etitinie the vered
q;ap.tiuu firet er-to repeat, ii additiod l
all this, that 'ir. Douglass and several of -
the.ither;. subs:"equently and out of the
Sjttcte, rep+"ttt..d it all; and further. that
it was up'nu this onsrtraoe, that tire Sotiti
ftalily. on 31 mlay, withlre n all opposi.
ti to the hill.
-Mr. h'on,te feels vrry cnnfiJent that
bii4 controversy will therefore he v6r.
iled next winier-that the present ndmid
t'iratin will bare the credit ofsettling t
i niecordance with the doctrines elf the'
'rcsi.keint's l,si :i.essage to the Hleuse. and
,h:t Gten. CuKs' ad iitinistration, contrury:
to hi+ own itpre"sion. will be relieved
frout all rrsptnsibilities thereto.
"Mr. Foote loaves here to morrow fot
his home in c\ltssi,sitppi, and will make'
speeches. by particular invitation, on his
route thither. at Petersborg, Va., in Nurm:,
Carolihn. South Carolina. in Georgia, in
Mohile. Ala.. in New Orleans, and after.
t week passod at the latter place, in,Na'L
ches als", on his return to Jackson, whera
-'And here. at the conclusion of thid'
long letter. which you will perceive, cdult'
not welf be made shorter, I will add" a
ctr"iusq fact viz: That the positian of Mr.
Van Bnr"n's thiaugural- on the utject of
slavery in the District of Columbia eon
tainetd in his last letter accepting the1Jufa
fAlo nutninstiun, was not part and paree,
of the inaugural as originally prepared "
itt was added after consultation with'
Mr. Robert J. Walker, and. the subse
q-i."nt enosuliation of the latter titfii..
H. S. Foote, at prese.it the successor of
Mr. Walker in the United States Senate.
This also is stated by authority.' II.
P. S. Since the preceding, was w'riteti;
I have perused n private leiter from 'Gen:
Cas4. to a d'stin_uished U. S. Senator
from the South, of the c. n-nts of whic1'
I am permitted so far to speak'as to'say
that he reeruts the disagreement in the U I
S. Senate. on the last day of the sesiion:
between thn North and the South,,'e.
presees his unwavering confidence in the'
doctrines laid down in his "Nicholsoi let'
ter." sod his determination to' adfiere
We extract the above paragraphs, ai_
important facts, if proved true. and caleu
lated to str.ict much attention. It is sta
-e1-that Mr. Foote is to address the -iti
zens of several of the Southern States, and
as Soulh Carolina is among the States
named. it may be reasonably exisctet'
that lie will take occsis,n'to express lit
opinionsheft)re'a Charleston atidietice.'.
On a q-estion so vital to Southern 'iiet= '
ests, it is -natural that all should desire i.
hear the views of thoso who by their votes"
or acts ire likely to exercise infdenck;'oP'
give direction t'o the action-of ournafi6o
al Legislature on the sebject of slave'y.
Asjurnalists, -we have no-iblention 'i -
en'er into any diteussiont or cont'roversy
aflecting the relative 'positions of tle two
great parties-that'aie e'ruggling'fnr. sitre
macy itithe Nfitioial' Couneils'. 'iai ' a
ith_pleastxirangyevideoci ota poe cF'
7 faliavery-' induld bed
aldtaen oi Of n t o
'ttV h lidtH'.$im r
',rleston Mercuy.... .'
O -1 MR. ;ALHOUN 4
. eOrre thatrfer thte ftr
tiose~oTiimiraJtirg'Mr. Calhoun! an" rpoi
tunity to correct any-:errorsee:nii
have made in reporting htie late speech in
(harleston,, we wrote to -him ineJaeduly"*
after the meeting, -Jransmtinidg,'at the
.aamie time, a copy ofithe report. We jtit
lish the whole of Mr. Calhoub's 'Itefia
reply. biecause it delines hts position s'o
*'xpli'citly. as to leave no possible chantce of
opposing parties to dra* conflicting dr%
e!usion". It is the position which we had
suppotsed and maintained to he him rearf'
one, and it is th,e one of-all'others whiecth
we prefer to see him occupy.
' Foa-i Hir.L,;Sept. 1, 18W8.
My Dear Sir: Your teport of my re
mxarks, considering the circumnstancess uni-..
der which it was made, was as good as~
ctould be expected.
Ii wvill not he possible for me to write
out my remarks in full as you desire. -
fimd my engigemnents, during the short in
werval until the next session, are such will
fu liy engross 'all tmy time, andi leave me
noi li'is*tre for relaxation,, which I li;realy.
titeed andt desire. A mong other's, r have
:a speech to write out from notes I brought
with me fromt WVashington, which will, in
pairt. c,ntbr ,ee the vi.ws I took in that I'
dechy re i i Chark st mn.
TI ere is. I think, but little excitement.
as io the Presidentiatl question iO this .
gnarter. I fear it is not the case with~
you. 1 see, atter all the pa&ns I have ta -
ken to lie distinicthy undherstood as'to my
posititon. I have ;.o' escaped miscotrue
tion; which I attribute to party zeal. If
my friends tin both sides, wvcuild regard
ime as taking no part between the iwo
candidlates, anrd as standitng on intdepen
dent grountd, ready to support or oppose
the successful. as his mieasures may Or
Ima.v not acc..rd with the priticiples and
views of poiev which have long governed
me, they waotuld avtiid all misapprehension.
I see touch to condemn aind little to up
prove ineter canididlate.
iu ith J. C. CA LHOUN.
Forgery-An individual calling himself
Ellirz, arrivedi in this city on the 22d1 of
Anieuet. nd put up at the hotel of Mr.'
Schneider, Queen street, where lhe remain-.
edl until the 30th About half-past two
o'clock on that day. he requested Mr. S. to.
cash fir him a1 check oti the State Bank,
hr an by C. Sith and Co. of this city.
for $240, as it was after Bank h6u're. and
tie a ished to pa.t fur somne Rice &vbieb he
h iillpurchansed i, the tmornitie M~r.S. in-a'
formedct him that he had but $80 in hand,
which w.as at his service, and he mtght
IIeave the check until next day. Ellitz we-"
cepted the tmoey, wvas missed directly af-"
te'r, and upon itnquiry of Messrs. Smith and'
C'o. it was ascertained the check was a
forgery. Supposing that Ehlitz had gone'a
IN,ih , a miitssage was despatchedi to~P.e i
tersburg by telegraph. anti information has
heetn received thni an individual answering
his descriptioni has been arrested ati that..
place. Means have been taken to identify
him anti have him broug~ht back ,o-this
rcit y .-larleeto, Merci1,