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p. w .. - e am - e . mwrm m . m ,e
. .: e. t.ne
- 1RT ETO R.
hp,4ate fitrs'elt and
a a th M expiration of the.
i -U S, 's ilitbe coatinued,
or the expira
Cl;.b.i..no papOr will be' di
I 1) rair~eS sare naiJ. tn
r.,U~n(ii e responsible Sob
'af~iro'ez-th4 paper for one
- o' i seltedlat75
7 _u 1 qii s %) fo r t h e
ofShrti a heenng elctQeon. Ue
The . .
anonnetrhim a th nidaeteO. fo:hrifa the
Fr a ied o al' -.
WIAnnoncehii as a Candidate to herti
ai She at e ihg eecion.cire
Wneild it autoied t nounED AtIe
ufieif,i. M V18 elgan ilecO -
0j?Thc Frieade of ALFRED.AIAY,
Pnone, bir' as a Candidate for-Sheeillof
at ibe e nsui ng election. :
We Ae authorized to announce;EUWAIR
1PR'EAEY, as a Candidate for! the Office of
Ordi narq at'die enming election.-:-~ .
We are-authorized io anotoce-Pol,
WILLIAM H. MOS, as.a Candidat:
for.the ofEce of Ordinary at tie .nsuing
TrThe friends of 11ENRY -T. WR1GHV
Evqr., announce him Is a candidate for the of
fice of Ordinary of this U:strict, at the.ensam..
We are authorized to. anno'uce Maj.
V. L. COLEMAN. as a candidate f1r
Ordinary at the ensuing elecion.
The friends of HUGH A. NIXON.- Esq..
respectfully announce him as a Candidate
for-the office of Ordinary, at the next
(tN We are authorised to. announce
WM.1 1. JOH'NSON, Esq., a .candidate
for Cleik of-the Dist rict Court of Edgefield
at the enstiing electini..
g:rTne friends of PET ER QUA TTLE
BUMi Esqi.. annonne him ats.a candidate for
the Oflice of' Clerk of the Couri-of Conimeoa
Pleas, of this District, at the enabuing election
We are authorized to annbunce Tl.OS.
G. BA CON, a candidate fdr re--eleeneon as
Clerk 6f the Court, for Edgefiel' District.
The- friends of E. PE1NN announce
bim as a Candidate for the Ollice of Clerk
at the ensuing election.
The Friends of Maj. F. W. CURT. an
nounce him as a candidate fur. Tax Collec
tor, at the ensuiog election.'
The friends of Cul. J. QUAT TLE BUM,
announce him as a caudidate for Tax Col
lector, at the eusuing election..
We are authorized to announice WM.L.
- ARKS, as a Candidate for .Tax Collec
tor, at the next electonn.
New Boot and.Slaoe
WHERE- Gendleen's hoots and Shoes
are imiade in a most superior- style of lit
Gentlemen wanting crk lddusoled.
water proof, walking. dresi; patntither.
adafine piup soled BOOTS,- rreg 'hut'
eave their orders twith the subiitriber.
* WIL LLAM McEVOY.
L*-:Persons indebted to th e ate. flum of
rle.& Bryan, arc regucated fn niaake
mmdiaaettlemen:it, othiertwise the 'A& cunts
and Notesiwill be-placed ini the- liands-Cfytoper
-PRESLEY & DRYAN.
Oct.0, 1848 tf 3
11-faW 4UM0D0 -
.RifWINTER STOCK 'of GOODS
consstugin part of a splendia jot'of
J Vrsead Goods for Ldies .Dremes
Qf all kiuds, a fine lot of ms, Enghsh &
-AmericitadPus, Ca - Black Alpacca's,
Bom~ue,'~.eso- - . -
A A RGE ANp BSPEN DID STOCK OF
Neiro Sheoe. la'anet& Kerseys. Gro,ce8ies,
iardware, Crockery. Hat-.& Capa. .
To whic he invifes'his rie'ds, and the
public to call and examine, befire purchasing
elsewhere, s he f4els candenlt tait he1an
giie satactiou toall wio may vur hi'm witi1
B. C. !OYA N.
WIker an! 3radflord.
A f areIuSCiaut
LX-ontItluo to occupy "TaOt.o
a p.Avo m W r.ousF,":atd tra ni.
S&ea & Sorage and Commission Busi
ness ' trdrt
Th'dy> tit t neir services to -1heir
frienl oad the. nrii.Lgeneralylli the stbrae
and d' fed-a( the -iceiving ant
ti-,g of. erchan'& ,-or any other
ust In l.ehe inwi 4t rib' they to
Leral. advances.will bho
,01 ocsonsmigned to theim-when re.ir
.o Irrir tnre-ihey.cordially 'relui
most 'neregtti6'nks:for-the liberi. lr vir
theyUii Wain --so*paioiisly! vordd,
ieit a c tinuanc-e of 'the
MAO. i me!mertyunretittng
iattntiIm pnessent'iuted to-theiteare.
raied sil c ninues his
rrr.aik B,dford in
4 uslarwarin Bsaesso
h V i e ntiqniv v
~-~v ~ P1BENS,ON
56:boxesfino Cheese- -
S3 tie'rcs Rice.'
92-'k *s'ol Nailsr and Brads,
30,000 lbs. Sedes Iir'e-all sizes,
B.tdlron, German ad.Cast Steel,
AWagon BLixer,' :
200. xeaVindw Glass-all sizes,
i yinnds Pnuy.' in.ladders,
4',50poids Whiie Lead, Vernon Mills,
_t iarret; Lindeed-Oil, -
irchers Boors. Wgrogans and Ladies Shoes,
2b -PPIK Fine. D aukis,
'Kasefs. Osnburgs, Sbirtings and Sheetings,
2.eases Pi iets-all patterns.
Piited Bickcts and Tubs,
Drar,sboupd Buck0-s and Wire Seeves,
3000:pounds Hemick, and 300 pounds-oak tan,
fned-Sole Leathecy.- tIpperIeathaer and Calf..
20 Cpilto Rope-1000 pound4 Twine,
125 bags Sbot, 50 kegs best Powder
Le'p, Bluestone. Indigo. Copperas;
Caidles, Sperm and Tallow,
Su"ar Ca !, Me-sures, Pepper, Spice. GJi
gi* 6ane.Seat f7i.airs. Wood and Pane Seat
Roceing Chairs, and many oder articles too te
dimns t9 enuncrite.,.
. We wil be1.iking almost daily .accession to
-bur stock..and,wouh be pleased to atteud to all
orders from tjir friends, and feel assured of giv
ig satisfAtiSn. .
- Hamnburg. S.jg, f ct25 nf 40.
JACKSON & KINCHLEY havmng asso
ciatied themiselves toJgethre in thne Dry
Goods businessr, would mnost respectfurlly soh..
cit the citizens, and planters visiung H ambuinrg
to camll arnd exam,inec their well selected stocWof
Staple and Fancy Dry eloods, which they offer
low for castu, amonCst which are the following:
Browin Hormespwrs, from 6j to 374,
Bleached do " 64 to 45,.
English and American Prints, 5 to 20,
American and Scotch Ginghams, 124 to 37,
Black ntad Colored Alpaccas, plain, pilaid
Bomnbassi,;s and Muslin fDeLain1,
Black si'k.. plaine striped arid Plaid,
Colored Silks from, $1 00 to 225;
Spun Silk Plaids.
IM1rhlair Luastrro, 8taiin stripie,
Plaid and atripe Carolines, (new style dress
Cashimers from 18! to, $1 00,
8 4 and 9-4 Defile Blankets,
10 4, 1124 an:d 12 4Be'i Blarnkets,
losiery the most complete stock ever offered
n1 th,is marrket,
Rted at: W:hite Flannel all wool, from 25
to $l 00.
Dorant do 186 .
Mnrrir,o ad Lamb's wool Drawers anid
Sa'tinets, Kentucky Jeans, anid Merrno
Eng!nstr, Amaerican and Frehelhi Cloths anid
Kersey", fromi 15 to 31A.
Farnitture Dimity. from 18 to 50,
UmbnrIrellas, B3onnets anid Flowers,
Ribbor,i nf all descriptions..
Plaidt Lin'dseys aind aproir chenrcks,
Brown and bleached Holland,
do .. do Drill,
-Osm:args and Factory stripes,
Swiss, Mule. Book. Plaid and Jaconet Mms,
4-4, 54. G4. 7--4 nd84 wool-Sawls,
Ls.es :hreadt anid cotton Laces.:
Sus'peniers, Gloves anid Hlandkofeciiers,
Ladies anid Children's Shoes,
8.4, 9-4 ind10-4-Table Damn"k,
Trimmings for dresses.&,c&c, &c.
Se.t2, 2ar o
fde%Jvce to pepewwthk
f,Cajiforinai and'w- i:. bijs'
vM 1. .seS6 ity" bEp weti
liciting adyice andinide ird
poihis coannecid '4i
tegion. To- 'ans'*or - 1.ei
mot-: convenient, aird ~ Me ~&
put t we khowan thikitn '14
Tr iwhere Wlho hdooe
fair full-opporluntytf bo
press eIng thar. those r:wbo deem et
opinion wortlbeskidgi.opd re,,rea
aniwer to-the best :dfadur ubal .for
fi eJleai.ng questf6ns. Viz
i Hqo aibout that gki~ nOfrz
That atensidarablieirea.i binse
Cilifornia is extie11lic e i
surface.:In Virgin Gold, "no-e si b
now pretexds to doubt.i ejs.
long~er a shadow of excuse;for aiT
noilve the accodatsild bo
product M.i nor any'ii
arein'p. pero etp
fnud -Zt a
l $ fora
are very -erils id --L
manU was --M e d.imO
hitt th li
sensibn iy ( e ve n imp
V e, ve
ina regib Cleo reans sode
a:vdizitionr as the'i ntetior f Oahitoaria
Usuly? however,th' -fist frdits of 4
1iewly di'cove'red or new lY wo-kie6GoJJ
egionare :heIichest, and the sanguine
ipettaioos fdfmdd at the o6tset i reknos
justified by the'experience of f1olSOing
yeasS. Theunparalleled rusho d ad
ventarers to Califoritia will* also operate
against the realizatior of extraordinairy
profits individually, by speedily crowd
ing, and-in time exhadstingitherichest
localities, when inferior- must be resod
to; while the cost of all the necessaries
of life must remain very hi1h, not only
by reason of the great d!mand for them
and the distance whence a good pattf
them must-be brought, but because of
the great difficulty of re'taining:the sea
men and thus bringing away the' itse;s
in which supplies are transpoi led thithei.
,We presunte. thorelote, 1ha:' Gold dig
ging in 1849, though still very 'pofitable
will in the average be less so thian ih
We are -not forgetting that the Mines
whience these diluvial riches havA in
process of time beenrwashed-to the vul:.
leys and ,ravines yet remain to be dis
covered; but thoug~h they will doubtless
long defer the exhaustion of the-C'alifor
nia Gold Region, they can hardly be
expected in incriease nor evenm sustain its
productiveness. W e know -no^ actual
minies of any sort which will -return
twenty dollars per day for tlie labor
required to work thein. -
But there will be an innie,ite am ni
of Gold obtained in California- duling
the next year, and probably thiroiugh
many years to comne. The- questioni
niext in'order would seem-to be-R
3. What obstacles and drawobacks are
to bt encomitmrd by seekerc for i1?
We have'already spoken of -the high
prices of all the necessaries and -comforts
of lifc whi will inevitably subutract
heavily, froi the- eains- so -sanguinely
counte~d otn. It pill cast from: $200 to
~ $400, jh from. 50, to 50 -days,- to
reach the Gold Region fioni thin uarter,
"and- when there, transportation,-food,
&c. must inevitablj be very dear. Man
[ufactures, Implemi~ts, dr,c., will he
cheapened - by 1hi arrival 'of- tie vast
quantitis now on-their way jthither, but
thiese nmust still be soldbhihto afford: a
fair profit to their owners..'-'Vb apre
-iend that- thoso.who but hialf work,om
fear towet t.heir feet, or try'!o -acquire
svealtih without work, will,as'a 'gerier-a
rule; be fbond as poor in California *hen
the golden'flood -shall have ebbed, .'iis
any.where else -in the world. Thda6
who drive i d - t the wosk' faiig
nothiing,.spar ing-themsuerves-ml noihing,
wvil! genierally. . lave realizedl a compe
tence; while tho'se whounite sicheming
with working--a. facuhty- for busidess
with a erliaight. or ward energy in-digging
back ..nd het :lGfrst chance sij
G3otd41in *.a nise who 'have asy
*& - fi eewhere. .it is'utfair
6 M''ait aroute ta$ (l
hiir ansily-answeed gf you
have- mean deansecure hiere.a pas
sagefin the ainsl ip from Panama t.o
San Francis aontt think.of any other
way iBut iesteamship cannot carry
oneteth o se who are gog, and to
run downtv insama and be obliged to
wait.there ionths,-is ha~rdly advisa
ble. The joliti,d routes through our
our OWn ter .osy-ona by Missouri and
the Southl Pass 6!'the Rocky Mountains,
and the otherilby Santa Fe.anid the,rier
GiIa-are S tedio'us, not .without
perils and d to privations, yet
ihose wvho str early, wvell mounted and
provided,willbgo through thi way, .and
[for ,persons~ who;stars from points WVest
of the-Alleghemes;ythese are probably
es goed routesas-any. .You can choose
between'thernou tie-testiniony of thoe
famdiliar with esefter you have passed
Si.' Louis,.andA,lers will be r.d lack of
For:ourownpart-, Jf we were-stating
now.or befora'March, and were not sure
of i.berth- in t.e steamship fr6m Panama
o San ;Francisco w should probably
ake shig to Vera Cruz -and thence
travel over lad by:the City of Mexico
to Madiin or som'e pointon- the--Pa
cific -cgast wh' nce assagd:ougld. be
proca n_tsuch .were not to be
found wouldikeep1on by lod- by Cali
fornier Widittiorthree hundred
-Mxcdl (glel pasist a pinch
as yet;we:tehhve he rtrip to vn Fan.
cisco could O..ade over this route in
sixty or.seiety days, and not unpleas
antly. N o' less,thanu twenty nor o.or
than eighetfi6titeael together--less
than tnty wouiald dnt;he safe-;: more
thaneigw4Y'0 -6doen: indithe.enfer
tainmnentci min n'beast ieomewhat
'meager;-7Thiey:iust go prepared- to
purchase hardy or'sas;or mules'ether at
VeraS rLior farther 6enst ascpeed on
:one-hand.dr-:ecodouiy on the other shall
dictatc'.-Onimore qUiestion is. often
asked us: ' M
-7. Wat railC'ongrnss.do about the
SWe can only-giveoor own opinion on
this head.9 We believe it wil authorize
the,Ex'CltiV eithller'to sell nor lease
them-atathB prpseni:Session4 but:leave
-every.onefl?si-d!f wheire .he pleases,
so that -dge%'iot trench upon the.rights
of anof ihe 2i bpse ispoing -a.mode
rate tax oti theientira:proceeda.-say ten
per..cent,-tO bbpaid at . the Mint ein
-Califorma.in othiler wydds,.bgress
may equliel ryone, oh penal;y ,ol
~contiacatiote tQbring Iiig geld. tiug on
public Jards to the Mint and@#ceive for
itJ h niafnduiianeotenths tie- quan,
to ro soe
. N-e kWr y
ti to-rol ,6nsja
d . jeV w4
their krains mayb t"..1ii-Ags
grer int vpunity. t Ae
the.rain. n if power entiday uif.
ferent rom.the legand its powers? No
thing whatever Bist- pgople .seen:to,
look upon. the b6ain as. one.extraordi
nary .nysticaJ magical sometling or -e6ih
wich. is..exempt from the .ordinar -
laws nhich goern .-all -he other organs.
of the body.. The prineipai h3Usnesof
a child's brains,. like .I,at ;'tfiilil'
limbs, i to. grow.and acquirestreiih
Thougt. reasdnipg, relection, study-.
these constitute the .natural work of,m
man s brain-as plowing and sowing are,
the natural work of a man's liffbs.
Dr. F.. Johnsoit
Rev. ienry. Ward iee har; who
now licturing in Boston, said the sens
b'e thing that follows, in a discourseot
Amnsements, delivered the .oth-r evqn
ing berore the Mercaiitile Lifrraiy As' -
sociationi ':.Amuse.ments were indispen
sable to sound morals. It the..yofnri
arc .not.pr,oviNed wi iat1las ad ii .rr'
tuous amuse.menis, tihey would hav vi:
cious and cur ropting amiusementI...Son
pairents are so niuch;,. afraid that-their
children trould dco wrong-.that they
.would .not let.thiem .do anything. Su
when. they obtain thei- .libery. gith.
none to control , heir pleasures-ngver
havinglearned to act aright they wera
quite sure to riot in sef-iddulgen&. , .~
SONETHNG NEw.-We noticed I qur
village.nnoe day ibis week, a drove ~oeo
hnas, which was rained.in Pickens district- -j
in this Stats, by, Mr. L. HI.Verner-aud
bi-nthers. Mr.. Verner was offering.te..selt
and did .sel, some.ffy or-sixty ;ht. to
nur citizens. at lb. very low priceafS..83
50 per hundred pounds neat-sIppwing
concfiisively that pork can be ra iie. a. e ~ --
low price in this State as any wMere;else.
We can say with truth. Mr. Veiiie,'s hogs ' --
are equal. i(flnot. superior.,.in , appearance.
to any Tennessee or Kentucky hegs thar
we have seen. - WiIl not more giV,er rar.
mers turn their attention to hog raising?
-Anderson Gazet te~ ~
.NEw TIIREsHJG AcHIl . 7 ~ ~
-Princeton (lII) -Herald say's. Br. N 'B. -.
Lness. -or Jefferson country; bas-just in
vented a. new threshina asnd *yyinnowin~
machine. which.edn.ibr'esItnd clean' witli
ease 400; bushesfr.>ga~qte...i a day,- and
about 500 bushelsi.oFwhear. ;it th'reshes
4amp- grain.well. separating.it from the
atrawv easily. The<inventqr says that there
is: no machinery, thiat: winds1 ith dump '"
straw :elevators to choke; l.o handsrequir
ed 19 pitch sitraw roin the inachin,eas'the
machinery throws in a p;ip, o le'taken ~ -~
with a horsegraIe, and 'hirelby sate
labor of a -maa.. - '
de what yon sees~ to be.~'
.. 6 - '
iso& t ilate"I
1 79N .Sixtei
- e "2
i Vi t
.jci 2-.T;en States and
Notn o tlw.ichJai~ Alonroe receIve
18'.. ~ mpinsic~P-resident
in4820i..' Tyonty four States' and
232- vofeir. .James Monroe receivei
231.. D. D. mpkins Vice President.
From 1804 -to 18260 the successful
candidates had been nominated by a
caucus of the D6mqeratic party..in Con
gress. Since that time (1820):all pai.ties
have. nominated -in National Conien%
tions. - .
In 1824... Twenty-rour States and
261 voles. :Andrew Jackson received
99 for President, and John Q. Adnis
'84 as the Wh-ig candidate. John C.
Calhoun, Vice President, had received
In 1828. Same States and 261 votes.
Jackson. received 178, a majot ity over
Adams of 95 electoral votes. Calhoun
In 1832. Twenty-five States and
288 votes. Jackson received 219, a
majority of 170 over Clay. Martin Van
-Buren Vice President.
-*in 1836. Twenty-six Sta'es andi 294
votes. M. Van Buren received 170, a
majority of 9.7 over Wmn. H. Harrison.
R1. M. Johnson Vice President.
In 1840. - Twenty-sii Stattes and 294
votes, of which General H1arrison re
ceived 234, a m.ajority of 174 over M
Vazn Buren. John tyler Vice Presi
In 1844. .Twven.y-six States and
275 votes, of which James K, Polk re
ceived -170, a. majol ity ove~r Mr. Clay of
64. George M. Dallas Vico, President.
In 1849. .Thirty States and 290
votes, of wvhich,G~en. Zachary Tayloir
received. 163, and Lewvis Cass 127.
lillard Fillmore Vice President.
Xenia (Ohio) Torchlight declares that if
General Taylor should "Vero the Previmo.
his. life woald niot -be worth a si,x eks'
puarchaset There arE a hanodred ,thoirsaihd
Whiguin the Unio,n whowould feel. indi
.vidually, that the atssuradcee Imate tO the
people-hy.them on.the strength of General
~Taylor's plodges, had placed a stigma on
their, characters, which could be' removed
in one way'yn1 'They wouldd noL hesiLate
at its removal.
T'hat such villainous:sentiments should
be enterta;ned, and openl,y avowed, in the
columns of a pttblic:joumnal in the United
-SzetesAis an alarming ibdication-, of the
'ejtljt to:which the. Free'Soil Fanaticism
.f.as seized uporr thetpublic mind~ pt, the
-North to t6agnze with.s'ueh adversaries,
is only to myite,further attcak.
7-Th&ee are 778 beiits nai..hA Union.
The capchl.is--neiurl $210,000,000:
Cifrcnlatichi. abouk $i25,000oO0O. Spe
*Many soldiersiure b'ravje attable;.wli
are o&ardsil-e1 fidla.