Newspaper Page Text
- ~ ~ ~ V EDEFkL .H
TE ARRNG40 NT
- W begeat.0 to inform 0urreaders,u
bave tuaid-D arrangement, wih W.C
noaEq,to conduct the Edit6rial Depart
meat ofr per. e will in future, until
Jurthir notice, be the re-sponsible Eiliter., Our
tiest tiumber will issue under hisdirection.
-Coal- Weather.-For several days during the
- pasit week,-.the weather was qmite cold. On
Thursday. morning- a little before suinrise, the
thermomnetor stood at 26 degress. 'Ont Friday
-at the =zme, time,.It stood at 24 degreesd.r
The Close of dke Volmne -Thep present n um
ber itloses" the thirteenth voli'me of. the EDos
*aar.ti XVRIE&isR Asithe..old year ternait
oats and a new one commences, thoughtfu
peUticoasider it a very solemn. peiiod, and
earnestly - commune W;th themselves.
Tiy look back seriously' up.6the past, and
lave m A.nxious-1101onghis for the future So
AtJsits ustn' t tfie close of one volnme and the
-commencenientof anothier. Afrei-aal4duiicon
tDEit* D Ct. acnoleg
siderationi about . e.Rie a
urshort comming rTfthe-past year, but w
strive to roir the Euture' W ea t
-.made our papera ilteiesi ind f9. usefunas
-it Sbould havebeen.-bu t circumpst%tces!kii
-rth~rai tie, Isavebeen the cause oft. Or
fetrollb ae tilise drhii.irection.
-h;q Pthei o4&eib'e in a very great
degree. to re athovie waspe iments ch
sbeenin ourn way, wdiere promise tiatie they or
at the saerite,of thii will 4 theirdutytof
iards s that'reendH r most fai li
odw-ouruty to'wards them. - What. ay you
t6 this 'Pay as promptly and'we Will wok
i-te aore .....lly- yea -
Tend neiv ome will ncosmenh.e,laind
we ope to estli eaccounts with you ith
aow . Set ofb ose o St that you nwill
y off all old f an. aleor iiq eat
to leap -rp-1r
The it And l t Meeht i f the Athnffer-e
Cal our &1 aotcMinsioa-Astya,btwl
Van Inis is oAsociation.was held
Octobetr ittthe BftetW ch-v not
Theumjeetig, was ortsig an'd As. hef..ap
- - poter ~ibiuReve:cir. in a v South
reolieniie peadiRnet whciav
7- ~ jWdb. .pd" .Jaa
Dr.nit owlswsher9pkisea thoif5or
haaremlst Ainuaf eetill.o treachdthe an
-a-nua srmon at th.iis, smession: oa Hi.lacell
- wto as uiety twadthe.ation,.y yeou
too this Payn: rablye DrJohweson, wohk
- -e:mgreermod. --. -
-The.rsprvoum ill Bon wcslinened d
w seep interekst We ist ents ya weislo
., ,~.. epaeeoinl gl~eratiyi; ets ouch veryer
ptoin lap y porvo uyer ftshitoy.
Testriedthrough Mth andfr the infor
C - mation of.tu friens orand.h pubhi gen
- -enly. iudiant d'Re~A.E~
F.r1orws th NtnYormHeald.hse
PAaiwas. 3. 88
- Louitiso bl-the middiabe rhsize, ndhi
delinee naporit ame ans vher Emeror.t
igsfeatures bea 'n- eebanet.h
iheperiamoeru,a big moregultsa re and
emoredindsome raifyinot re,xpresshve.
pasinably neiandmarked. smehstoryh
* temel'eaingt u o s, an kd wimuc
* . dignribtad thgehu the sfia het iap..
Saveon nor.dourtta hre~ad wibe pbiscgenh
eremon-itial desocallpblc cain
iasaiFaorydi manneor. Headoe o
satuepearl hesaoe ast the gift o e
ti eauraes seakng, reeateas no tfoe
a perbl asel bein aor regularech.
The onsomeia an intrcuor eprsie.
- i cessar is otfcil uteries vihe isrfadm
wirhal leied foind maent somwea wime
yeary be sh-orf his aEih brs oreter.
w n is excel ethnbtgie
bythes amasnac Hoiosev maner abseuius.
whoesek ehi. And arko esn got touc
diisetio, and ace, oituath paribest.A
dracho to asuin,aon ai ston ere,n
prsented to nvl,st yu him, andto rtre.h
cereoildutimeles onall rdpublicoasiond
inha itisfatord anner. theti uere ot
-tate coul doweiwiat the ft of heir
ary pObli ofeml this n iiar setkwardh
Thetiollouia indo wintelisthrowy hisne
celaroin oviiaiter w, he rierfomsl
- with-entch addel. H pasFe
O:theciwhoein obsevnt;i the m
maobsid o. his -nglh which nisr otere
lis eamusialng to ober.venr trqius.
s with,whichms ai-ls. trea red hs
who seek im.Alyo:sof reev,adwesns osto
hi retioils.gada po'lical parm ie inAr
dayvr altwoesie,bymong asev of ersn
prue- tnn hi,,hwerehwo o r treguard
Svodchsicelves asaged rhoepuasa
tteol, coctt the favorth affairo
The resslatioes of Mr..Bayle. ofVa.
1uh1ar- althesubject of immediate Con
sidej'itio'n before .the. Sub-Comnmittee apG
poirtd dbythe Geineral ComiWitee of the
Southern jlembers ate i a facter, as
Ilearn,.whiEh itll prod6ebi ~ sure their
sidopiti. ShonId they be4joped, the
course proposed=ill'.be re wniL
ore the rights of the. Sonot he subjlect.
of -avery to address: the people of th e
South-on the subje'ct,- and propose united
asction, on the part of the Southern Stateb,
foi the 'redress of Southern grievarices. :If
60 lIgisIa'tion, such as is deprecate) bfy thie
othern inembers, shall occur, then.;of-'
cours~e, the messures ree,ojimendedI need'
not' be. resorted 'to; and the:very-fact or the
timelg:resistance to tbem.svll- prevenit the
North from resorting to them.
-A number of thegSouthiern menibers
with whn haveNconversed, today.
think tha ' 4estion wil. be staved ,,ff
and evnde by the Northern men them
There was a stirring'discussion to-day,
in the House, upon 'the President's mnei
sage relative to his orders for levying 4i.
ties in the Mexican port9. The President's
rsum ent is able, if not satisfactory.- As
the Commander-ina-Chibfof theArmyid
'Navy of the United States he must carr
on war, when declared. He has,ofcrrse.
all .:the rights belonging to belhijeret
power. But.the Vhiigs say that the right
to levy military contributions is~ derived.
from, and is a-.substitute for, the right of
plunder, which in.former timed, was claim
ed by helligerenti The President, there
fore, they say. canniot exercise his right 'of
levying contributions, except upon. tboe
whom lie may plunder. But he exacted
moriy from those-nho were not enemies,
but-our own citizens. or neutrals. m -e.
Othe., again, like Mr..vC.. Ingersol
a democra,i (whbo voted-for Case thoug
accused by some of vrting forylor) 'ok
the view that, though the resident could
levy contributions,.as a right of conquen
and:a law of war>he could not disni,e. -
them, vitout up Ac.of Congress.'
.,Nv Calhoun, it isinid. is quite 'illiig.
to 'mee t Gen. Taylor-half wsay, anto
render him a cordal support; should sie
take such a course as witllisecure to life
South her just rights. I is admitted here
thoat we know little or nothing as to Gen.
.Taylor's intentions. But- it has. been
hispered th's he would sustain' the rights
of the-South. in opposition to'the Wilmot
Provies and other kindred'measures, and.
in that case, and to.that end, ie i-il re
ceive Mr. Calhoun's sunport.
A ragter of great interesi-has delveloped
itself to-day. Every one. has. been- i
gigd in speculating upon the 'character
of Mr. Calhoun' forthcomingdeport .on
thedslsv 1 etb-Sorns have-supiosd
tOha -a' the other iembers-of the
to iwtt , w6uldtsupport;-4k assrdould
......riufd,.as r or wionque'e
trniwmportant matter of the:enforcement
of the tconstitutionsi dobiigiions".of the
government,.to provide eff'ectutal ineans.
for the apprehensiot, and deli.very up of
fugitive slaves. I atlidindeed,' that
many :of.he Southe-n memlerc are very
indifferent-to the lu'estlim of slavery ithe
Serritories-for iti is a matter which nature
and commoerce most determine; but.Ghat
ibe whole -South can ounile upon the high
est ground and strongest measures. for the
p~trpnse of giving efect as to the provision
of the second section of the 4th Art. of the
Almost all the Northern and Western
States have, by legislation or judicial deci
sion, destroyed any remedy that the South
might have Puder the Constitution and
the existing law, in cases of the elopeent
of their slaves into those St ates. '.
An astounding statement 'will be made
at the next meeting of the Southern mem
ers, ii regard to the losso properywhich
Mitryland, Virginia' and Kentucky incur'
in consequence of the inducements aidc
facilities affo,rded to runaways by Northern
associatior.s and laws.
From Kentucky, there are said to be
what are called "under-ground rail roads,"
for the escape of slaves into free States
that is, there are three companies engaged
in the business of providing slaves with the
means of escape into Ohio, Michigan and
Mr. Calhoun will be much better ens
bled to unite the South by presenting this
grievance, and demanitng redress for it,
ihan by taking any ground as to the terri
tories. - 'The mutter had not heen brought
directly' before Congress at this session,
but, in order to present the question before
the report shall be su'mitted to the meet
ing. Mr Meade, of Va.. 'to-day, - asked
leave to bring in the following 'preample
and resolution: --
"W bereas, it is the duty of. Congress to
create all laws necessary to enforce the
provisions of the Constitution,. as were in
tetnded to protect the citizens of the several
States in their rights of property, and' past
experience has proved that laws should be
passed by Congress to enforce the 2d sec
tion of the 4th Article of the Constitotion;'
which requires that petrsoas held' to Isabor.
in~ one State, escaping into another, - sball
he delivered up on claim'of the pariy -to
whom such labor may be.due. Thererore
"Resolved. That' thie- udiciry Corm
mittee is hereby instructed to repcirt a bill
providing effectually for the apprehension
and delivery of fugitives from labor, whoi
have escaped, 'or may. hereafter -escape
from one State into'atnother.-;.
Objections- were tnade, ankd the House.
refused to suspend the rules to ailmit -the
resoluition by a vote' oE 78ito. 90.. The;
question,-is, however, sufficientif made -y
the proposition, and the vote on its recep.
-' The Speakbr.' itisms, had-deterned
to vote in the affirmative on tb&gpassagie
of the bill paying Antonio.Pachlecos for..
slave impressed by the United'States in
the Flori:ia war, and there lost, but thre tie
ga eth us e
(Mitid Sta d an
merie& micm p retan U
are crie eaJe do
t re a'
measure be n s
there .ould be equila."'op
l9h j 'g fr t*4'ide'bit
portsno 00 e.~'GIfdir li
will no ass. I:-would tt s
the a oi of(,naWb e~
M. E ameassistantoeif
was nominaed !odaa i se
the: Sandich ailand r a
pet to any lafeid imet I l
home,The imporiance de
to our trade, and to he co r.er 0.
world, it is very rapidly,ine aW
the services of a -man of o ati
energy, such as hir.James,
quisite in the station for wmii p
ta:, eopl of iiiitp iS?e
-06'ii ni 44IAIv4 a
rnsp liee 0o6R
into'thie Un:on,f Yeo d btli s&~j5
juri.sdiction over the pyoiue rw
1r. Burt called for therd o y
which was the.reconsideriaon o: te
by which the. bill-for theAelief
Pachecovas rejected i B. M.
a call ofthe .onse, w68hieh st re4
and 198 m'embeirs answered o . eir.
Adebate ensued- in hicfhkMesS e
ye Turn-er Plfrey iand-11ore _* i.
Oa adj- The quesiouas-thei~ ly
THE SOUTHlRN COOv
U perceive that -M
the report fron the
ed by the gneral- iteeof a
mebers, in reWfeen the rig
duties of the South ont e su 0jedi
very. - The opinions of the
members of (li amitee at
are.well known tirofughtlieir.pvli T
former -occasions. Y perceive lial,th
'report-will,be,one so concill and
solam ~ ~ ~ M iOipqhr:t,a
united supp9R'of the wlid;, A
is ano reaggo- .eliee ihaP,
that,any-of tIio uhe
dil)elsp josed 1o. af
any o h Sout W n
hand, fiorthe belief,-har.1 t... e
Whiga will go furiesiihian syrej i'
tLe-eitent of th.eirdemands ad bfrme
moreiwid'.~ilied tan~ . . .
of any N6r1hern 'man.' Mr.'C u~inex'
uressed strongly this seWtir,.end, - hjs.f'e
quent declaration, thai Ihe-lowejt e 14 of
osnion on this subject, at- the auth, is
higher than the highest scale. ,h 'a6 be
taken at the North.
But Mr. 'Calhoun has hiniseltrtbek'a
lower key thatn some of the.Sou:b'Wn poli
ticians. "I amn told, that hisvietgare of a
jpractical and a eonriliaocli a~rteer. He
doe. not demand that 'Congrsgq should
enact a law.tu resirain the ter-ritoi'ies fromn
exe.luding slavery during i elr te~.rritorial
tutelage. He unites with Mr.'lailey, and
oilier Snui bern members; -inaWie doctrine,
that the: General Govern'nt hsno:
right t1 legislate on-the suhjcFslavery
iii the territories ofin thisDtrt -
We may well suppose, -ihe dye& ihat
the com'mittee'wvill take their tapd upon
this principle.' It is the semniidhieni Mr.
Floyd has 'adopted ias the basi of..he reso
lutions reported in the VirgibiaTejslattire.
;'ut the select commit lee, wil[:ipdoubr,
ive some -practical operation fo their
principles, by proposing, 'a.-:M r. Bailey's
resolutions, i' hich were 'referred them,
proposed, ansaddress io- the pel of the
South,. and by. recommending in their
Legislatures united action in-4heg.adoption
ofsoine 'neasures of redre,s,iaecase of the
infract ion oft heir rights,lby any<Idgislation.
IPRaovEuME T tN BUR.ss. 'There a p
pears to be ~a general.favoranle mpvem ent
in buoiness.'matters.im our city.recntly
The-grit'staple of the Santxhi:otn;
has taken a4starta after a-n 'o~ainxam
pled depression, and for--soto' as^past
bas been taken, hiold of irl- avidity
ihat augurs well for. ihde oi'ace ofa'
brisk dematnd for tie'artiel .vepir>p'
arty, too, has commanded .hii4 rices.
a public sale having takien plteyesterday
at rates much beyondiwhaf hadbe'en:-pre
viously obstained, shewing tbat jrieuliu
riots were pariicipating.ihe ieef:that
better times were to succeed nqietude
ihat has esxisted foi .a years af oney'
matters ate eaie tryrade
i more prosperousrihded , y~le face
af matters wear?aefavore fra arance,
ith every proapet opereb -Char.
OLD CEsTER -AoAINj G: IP.
-A gentleman who canita eger .liy
the ears from Columbie ks y and
who left- Cbesterville 4th4d'.d revious
at jo'clock, travelling-'ne buit rid 'and
oinety miles,; sixty of whichlii verone,
af the 'worst roada uethe , and'
bririgssthe -news of the eto youtg
Djoat, ois of ouba fo ears, to
h -olit of SheriafrVIst r,fioe;
anoigmh'eenmasr popularu ei ie
trict.-.Char. Courier CJRnL h -~
The .Ph'iadelphia :Ld$6~o
December, wihn ift f-s.ueea6 rs ac
pording-to. the weather tabtide I Yi
ity, was so warm as thec !ast,h lyegrees.
R ROt EUROPE
h-Alm VAL .Or THE -WAsageT
ast ,eveing - We,:rreceiye'd frain our
tBiumore.corresp9o'dent, -a lengtliy des
w-ch3orwgided its by maifi Perob,r ,
elsck-'t was irainiited by- te
jPie rsphic Wii'es ln this city.
d.@,~Lti.isBthe g'eneral'.belir 'that
Generale Cav,aignae will-sbmit %itVh good
rf~i trnhe5Wishes of thle.people as iodicaied
'ite elevation of Louis Napuleonto ile
'Presidern 't thie Fre Republic, and
zlI tender 'his services -to the 'President
tc Oiler-upinions,.hower, are ex
'Ris and reports aip current that i'
A -0from public life altogether.
Bonaparie has. it is staled, nearly seven
iti Uihdpf .all-the votes cast for Preeident.
It 4s0'deided that hishould be proclaimed
t21ftsti... It io reported ihat he had
muc fficulty in preyeoring his too zeal
ous ad *nts - #Om .at once proclaiming
ihe fanjral of the Emperor. . S) says our
despathi.,the meaning of which we do
not indhrstantd but think it more than
probable that he may have had dffi;cultv
in restraining his followers from making a
dminitration to proclaim him Emperor.
It is generally believed ihat the Frenc&
Ministry is definitely settled, and. w.ill
[B6jfdllqws:.Odillon Barrot. Vice Prew
deni; M.Drouin ab ,L'Hoys, .Miiiister of
or'eign Affairs; 51. Leon de Ma,lleville,
Mi ster of theIn:erir Filloux, of Public
7I.sitluion; Gen. Rulpier, of War; M. M.
d. Trac,. of the: Marine; M. Leon Fau.
.cher, Minister of Public Works; M Bineau,
o mmerce; M. Passy, Finance. iNv
Nothing of the least importance had
ianspired in the National Assembly.
:..CoNT14.TAL-The special French
y to Rmuin had returedto Paris, atd
ried. that the Pope had concluded to
reruge in Paris. All was quiet in
ome, and a Provisional Government was
ibout to be established, but it was be
'lieved thai the great powers would inter
1&6.'and take part in the.seltlemeut of the
.if'irs of the Popish Dominion.
ThePope has been deprived of all tem
po'ral pwer. In ah-address of the Minis
ter to t a people,' the ground is taken that
the Pope cadhot return except under the
itle of Bishop of Rume, and Cardinals
.Prelate- will be* stricvly prohibited.
re-entering the city. Great enthu*
,siasm prevailed ainong the jeople, ani.
.they were runriing. ihrough the streets,
gying "Death to the Pupie,'' and ."Death
. A Russian 'et had made its appear
.ace oh-pTrieste to ave'the Venitians into
Thr- H.ungarians were buriing their
towns, ind laying waite their-country in
-order to destroy- the invading-army by co,ld
'. -The Elnperor ofRussia bid posnvly
9efus6olto ackntowlede jethe Spanish.qusen,.
ad ibe Spanish, Ambassadorbad left .St.
Peiersb g .in conseluence
S Fraii'te N. V'emA
cas O rC aaamco" "u num treast
in both hiemisptheres, atid "among every
people. "But besides General Taylor, we
have other.brave spirits, wvhom thte:people
wvill take p-ains no: to forget. Every nfi
cer andtiilitary 'man who wvent tihrough
'the brilliant campdigtus in Mexico, was as
enaich a.,bern, thiough in a lesser liglit, as
the Presaident elect..
We are glad, therefore, to-observe that
spontaneous niovemets have bee, inade
n this State to express proper feelings to:
wards two distinguised men for their servi
ces in the war with'Mexico-natives, we
helieve of this great S:ate. Ott Saturday
next. the ceremony of presenting a splen
did sw~nrd to General Wool, which was
authorized, by the last Legislature,' will
take place at Albany; and to-morrow even
ing, we onderstand. a dinner will be given
at the Astor Hiouse to the gallant Colntel
Duncan, and a testimniual of the estimna.
iion in which his bravery and military
sfill in bo0th campaigns in Mexico aire
held by his fellow citjzens,'will also be
presented to him on the'occasioht.
Any remarks of ours can add but little
to the appreciation in which Gon. Wool's
military conduer'is hield, by the people o,f
Ilhis country. -'-Modest anid unassuming; he
performed one of the most brilliant feats
in that gloriotu, war, by taking an army of
three thousand volunteers, marching it
across the Rio Grands atid. through ,the
wilds of New Mexico, and giving iflsei
pline and skill, whicti, on the field of Bue
na Vista, form'ed the principal element of
that great victory. The occasion will un
iloubtedly attract a large assemblage to
the Capital'in Albany,_ where the ceremo
ny will take place. Of Col. Duncan. we
iieed say little.. H is career, from the field
6f Palo Alto to the entrance of oar troops
into the city of Mexico. is well known, and
his worth is appreciated by every friend of
We shall give full reports of both.these
assemblages, an peculiarly proper for the
purpose of conferring merited honor on the
brave sons of New York.
Swow AND SLEET.-The Charleston
of 'the 9mb ins,.. says: "The weitther has
ror two or. three .days .past, .been not onily
cold but damp and -drizzly. 'and conse
quently quite uncomfort able. On Saturday
evening~, a lttle after sun down, an attempt
to snow-was made; but..proved a failure, a
fewv slight flakes, bearing. any thing but a
fleecy appearancs, would fall 'o6 the hat
or cloak 'of th'epdsuiriaun who venture~d
out without the protection of an unibrella-.
hut these poor apologies for a .first rate fall
of snow became'"sleet the "instani 'hey
touched the pavemeit;. Forea short time the'
foet.steps'6f.the' passer- by'ercated'a cra.ck.'
'ing, giving evidence ofsheet, buta ties lista
ed not long.: A-drizzling, cold,.Iazy rain
succeeded, which continued;throughout the:
day .ysterday. '--*..~
'fhsQColumbila Telegraphs states-that in
thitac1siis fell eniu'uouslyframKI'I
in the inrning,i untilA4 in thie atfierinoon,'
coveriigthe house tops and theshady sided
of the streets -
.Y'esterdayinorninig,$r Jeti, of Ha:nii
bal, inrt hiiStig,. cam pasngei in the
steatTer Eawr4-Baies from New rleas
to this -i, * hen elarrived a few dAgys
pievi ijdirecr from -California and the
go ' " The Doctor during his
a" .the trost of Oregnn-l
rnd " ;WgV agenilenanf
intelli observation. is ena
bled to-i eat deal of valiuale in.
formation-to those who.are laboritg under
the gold adventuring mania of the present
day'. He came by the.way of Panama
and Chagris. from' -wbom!.we learn the
lJowing fpcts'conndcted wiih;the' rpu
expqnss and melot conveyance: acro
the'IffWi.- .The expense for transportin
freighi'from Chagres to Pa'nama is a dolla
per hundred pounds, twenty four miles of
which is by land, and the residue bv.water,
The land carriage is gerfOrmed entirely by
pick mulea, whose cargo consists each of
300 lbs. weight; five miles of the road is
very bad, aid nothing can be carried ex
cept in appropriate packages Padopted to
being packed by mules. The charge is sev
enty-five cents a ijundred, and six Iollars
hire for the use of a mule to ride acr6ss to
the water transportation.: The.water car
riage is accomplished in large size canoes,
the proprietors of which charge 25 cents a
hundred; in addition to which, each pas
seagers is charged four dollars fare to Pan
ama. On reaching Panama, you have to
procure a lighter io take you out to the
vessels in the offing, which is an additional
cost of four dollars for each trip of the
lighter; several, however, going out can
join togeth1 in employing one of )hes
small bo At Panama is mpossib
to procuf1956ind of .fmodation
der fo0dolrirsa day; Q res 0
conseqrienily do well ti their t.
and camp equipage wit.- . so 1h
the event of detentidg aoam
could pitch their own n save
selves this great espen9f0ir- rati6r poor
living. A .steamer maj9es- the trip from
Panama to San Francisco in from ten to
twelve days, and Dr. -Jett thinks there will'
be no risk of any very great detension at
Panama; the trip from Chagress to Pana
ma is accompli-hed'with.ease in twenty
fourtbours. and"wilhota any detention
ihatever. At ChagroallW very unheal
hy;tlie prevailing di.aitng fever and
agne. but on the P W 4 the"climate'
is saliihrious and k 'f
From Sain. Pranditcp to Sutos, which is
in distance lu'anre miles from the coast,
you proced in sf'all s3il vessels, the' pae
s-ige in whici.iissix- dollars eatch, .and thd
cost of tradsportiomof merchandize about
a dollar a hundred.-Wh4-u reach
Satos, you are:within fort4*%-iles of the
gold diggins;to wh ev aan has to
make his we.jh abe cau. AtSan
Francisco'and 4:ii1niiy board*is the
seine as atiPnama four' ilollars 't day,
and-labor and'every Iing'elseto"which a'
price can. be affixed propoiionabfyg'in
The Docior informs us that it cost',.htm
who go about collecting the precious niei
alas with any kind of ejitemn aimaghre
times the quantity of dust and 'are'than
those:who, like a hen wih: oe" chicken,
use scratching a little everywhere. Dri
Jet: relates one circu:uutance t.hai came
under his observation which is ratht'r ludi
crious,.and shows the avarice. of those in
pursuit of the lisere 'even in it land wh.ere
its abundance knows- no limits.
A party of some twenty or thirty were
exploring adry ravine that lead toea mouni
lain supposed to he rihwith the precious
ore; when near its base, they caime .sod
denly upon a spot which glitie-red lik'e the
firmament in a clear night wvith gold Just
and ore, caused by the washinigs from the
mountain. In an instant, every man threw
himself upon the ground where,.lay the
scattered treasure. and sprawling out his
ar:ns and legs. claimed a pre-emption to
the surface that lhe could cover in this way.
The title was regarded by each as good.
and the average yield to the whole party
in a very short time was upwards of three
hundred dollars. - -
.The above~ indludes all the practicalin
formation that we regard of interest to our.,
From the Charleston. Mery. -
CULTIVATION OETHE TEA
We publish, with pleasure, the follow..
ing letter of Mr. Junius Smith relative
to the commencement of the cultivation'
of the Tea Plant in the United States. We
are glad that Mr. Smith has selected our
State as the theatre for his operations, and
we have a strong confadence that they will
form an era in its' agricultural history.
The time is not far distant, we trust, whben
we will be entirely independent of foreign
countries for our supply of this refreshingI
beverage, and when our farmers, each for,
himself, will he enabled to raise enoughI
for his own consumption. [n addition to ,
the money saved, they would then he sure
of having the genuine article; whereas but
little, if any, of thai which is now import
ed, even of the most expensive kinds, but
what is largely adulterated. and,frequently.
with noxious ingredients. Mr: Smuith has
our sincere wishes for his most abun'dant
GREENWVILLE.,Dec. 27. 1848.
Diear-Sir. -I beg you will tender my
grateful acknotaledgenins to the State
Agricultural Sociey of SouthCaon,
for electing m'e an honorary mrnb!er.of
their Society, and .thus associatting my
name with the great and :permanent.inter
easa- of the State. :I: purposely .delayed
answering-your favor of. the 34 instant,
6ntil I could place beflare you facts, which
may be worthy of notice in your journals,
~as identifying the time lhen the cnltiv I
ion of the Tea Plant of t ~a Seed was
introduced "for tagricultural - ojtmmer
eiaprposes into this-State,m e may
- The first seed was sown,-or rather
~ted, in this . town.on the 15th and 16thm
efanta. In consequer.ceo f the delayi
Wn all-'obrai -1 a
eessary :-.pr -a
to be:.i re
.ondoino. Ado l r. s
tl-.lthe u bin0 ri I I
theeplllnungo t eWa a
plnts Will.; be, Counl
more' than two or thre yas.'J
Yourm'truly, I SN USSI
CM.- E. M. b Si'
Ii a late number'orthe Sotbid
der, we ptiblisthed tiheierWlT
cock County Agricultur.al Clubin 6ein i'
to securing to the . cotton 1.te
per. remuneration for thpir i It
product. It wil1 be eiemb
the reconnendat.on wa.o
sociations of.planters, pledgiln
to plant a limitd. coitonld e, as
their industry in regard to the porko F
labor subtracted to other o ic6
wheat grain generally,. the t-!r
supplies 'of meat: of the vartous -ins, i
&c. The importance of these repon
dations, cannot be over eifiti Jij
must only be raised ii 'ithblequ
that is to preclude'Ihe po.ilbtI
Wilyoirstocked iarket. oii
S icle mtst bMcosltit
can get fro-m bdYerifiha.
h more ,oftheaitile thiis
a are happy to be infornidat&i e !
'ect meets the favor -ofriia t ne'1
of the largest cotton ianters-iLo
In our own county we have lieain t
of by the planters in ofA
probation.od webi n
are in progress to catry ho
Hancock,... the objeetoft(e iu -
tion. ;t t;aapparent thatt be
good, the, action of tie; conu a
general throughot tei otoh
country, and the sooer hconal
on ;the asubject, the o
whether the cotton .laterofi'beoth
Re, determined to'dvanceditheiPo'Waj
mlent interests orto a
selves in 'ihe manufacturer,--i
frei, nds.9 ' We alin6
and .inielligent e'ot'ton planters~W
ous. countine,of G r -A t
this important business JtU IP
counties, and to do so athosiit '
will'bb to Taie foir ani ffecti-VAeL
the whole of- tbe1o.ttonro.wing 't
for -,this -erdpht eisf. ,
step istaken the. sooner wil"
all their interes aA,
fo ti pitien.$j tip'y thys5
the Ui ;l a
inmofg a t,slae-nuL 4
stitution fris framed~ cerly-demoita -
td thtat the Institution do si~ias ns
turniv considsrd:and that t1e'uioih4a
Stateu waPfinally -seeured byn
plo guarantees of hbe
3d. Resolved. That we * ~ -
concern alid alarm th ontnggres
ions on the right s of?th-e-slaveholderj a~.
tain reckle.s politicisnsotAt
tht t he recent procefdib's bgesoi
the subje,t of .laveryf are IsuhSthR3
mischief.' well calculated "to"diMu1 .B6"~
piece of otur sountry. Iand sh tlFi*til
the earneut and prompt disapprbbond 4f&ft
every friend -of tihe Union . 4~ f ~#
4th. Resolved. That the enatittdeis
any Law, by Congress wich shall, di.A
eilv or indirectly deprive-b itzid
the Stated of the.righ.WofsmitiatttMI~th
their. slave. propert,:into any;of4i
ritories ofathe United States,. a
csinti owvnership over the same.-;
said Territories. twill be4po oig
gioss injustice and- wrong. hut:the ez.rIda fw
ge of ihe.Cosioonad
tetiplatedl by the fnnnders thereof.~
S5th. Resired: ThatWhitW -A t ..
tend hereafler to ,be understoodusia 4t'd
ine~ that Congress hasi the gderl
Contitution, to .enact a-'law pr@itt~f
lavery in any portion of th&Tirritodf
the U. S.-yet, for the :sakes of p.es
the peace and promnoting the p.erpelnity:J.$.
the Union, we' are willing that th.i6r
of the Missiouri Compromise bhoulif4e ad-"'
opted in reference to the~regef ckb e
Teritories of New eicutC0fo
by exten,ding thoe deigedb|O 1o
Pacifte Ocean." " '- -~1
6th. Resdived1.haI.a copyy~d'tht?
going reisolution be egn'edbl.thesP
of the Senate and :House fo()Oi
and forwarded to ou Senators.i a.:. p
enaisinCongress. whibame ttM ~
hehelin before'tifeirtisetve Houses
The foregning rsdaolutiht3a Mere:-br'ought
up on the.evening of th4bird,insegtra.'nd -
after. debinte, betweenMAi5Stae
Reyner. Dobbin Stel.S tii
ty each-resolutboB being vtde caae ~ '
AERALa MA auKu .Thed saio 3 ,.e
tates tbaLcaptJoht tTa aVt,dnrChai5ll~ 4
towf-, (Ma'as.) is t-building 'inahdie '~ i
nsyvigte the air. "TIpi dit9gg5S9e
pictu~re 61 the balloop and:ysniuattt
the sails, and the4 way heyereates
elemenit~ t-th 'hem. -~ %sidet tEV
and Mr. Treadivell, of Ba'rvt 06
ad Mr. PoonE the:navalon
nionS of thes projecsb gat
vested. 81500, uad.wantsto. NSi~,
more: by suibseiptuont inioertocODJ
the iariage toth'a
4th olJuy -*- '
ttle rul l ays much dnst,